CN104772678A - Groove grinding machine capable of adjusting groove position - Google Patents

Groove grinding machine capable of adjusting groove position Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104772678A
CN104772678A CN201510159335.2A CN201510159335A CN104772678A CN 104772678 A CN104772678 A CN 104772678A CN 201510159335 A CN201510159335 A CN 201510159335A CN 104772678 A CN104772678 A CN 104772678A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plug
grinding
push pedal
turnover panel
plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510159335.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104772678B (en
Inventor
毛凯旸
Original Assignee
南京市宏伟屠宰机械制造有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 南京市宏伟屠宰机械制造有限公司 filed Critical 南京市宏伟屠宰机械制造有限公司
Priority to CN201510159335.2A priority Critical patent/CN104772678B/en
Publication of CN104772678A publication Critical patent/CN104772678A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104772678B publication Critical patent/CN104772678B/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/02Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group for grinding grooves, e.g. on shafts, in casings, in tubes, homokinetic joint elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

The invention provides a groove grinding machine capable of adjusting a groove position; the groove grinding machine is capable of automatically grinding a mandril, and higher in grinding accuracy and machining efficiency. The groove grinding machine comprises a machine body, a feeding tank, a feeding mechanism, an upper grinding mechanism, a lower grinding mechanism and a side pressing mechanism, wherein a material outlet which enables the mandril to get in and out is formed between the feeding tank and a working platform; a pushing plate of the feeding mechanism is used for pushing the mandril to the lower part of an upper grinding wheel and the upper part of a lower grinding wheel; the machine body is provided with an upper tank body which moves up and down in the direction which is vertical to the axis of the mandril; an upper guide rail and an upper translation screw rod are arranged on the upper tank body; the upper grinding mechanism can move left and right in the direction which is parallel to the axis of the mandril and is arranged on the upper guide rail in a sliding way; an upper translation sliding block which is matched with the upper translation screw rod is connected with the upper grinding mechanism; the machine body is fixedly provided with upper upright posts; clamping grooves stretching in the vertical direction are formed in the upper upright posts; fixed rotary knobs are connected with nuts by penetrating through the clamping grooves and front and rear tank body plates of the upper tank body.

Description

Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine
Technical field
It is the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position that groove on oblate, pancake or rectangular plug carries out grinding that this technology relates to a kind of pair cross-section.
Background technology
Hammer is a kind of conventional impact tool, makes it produce displacement or distortion by beaing object.Hammer is normally made up of tup and hammer handle, and hammer handle is as the main grip of user, and its shape, size, material, structure etc. directly have influence on the practical effect of hammer.Hammer handle is generally made up of oblate plug and the soft sheath be sleeved on plug.As the plug of hammer handle core component, normally by after adding other chemical materials after the heat fused such as glass fibre, resin through injection moulding, cooling, sizing, stretch, block, then to be formed at the some grooves of its Surface Machining.Soft sheath is sleeved on the groove of plug, prevents the slippage of soft sheath.The main processing mode of plug groove is artificial grinding, inefficiency, and grinding accuracy is poor; Be usually the harmful material such as glass fibre and resin owing to forming plug raw material again, the pole minute dusts formed during artificial grinding, Long Term Contact can produce serious injury to the skin of human body, respiratory tract etc.
Summary of the invention
The object of this technology be to provide a kind of can groove on oblate, the pancake of automatic grinding or rectangle plug, grinding accuracy and the higher adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position of working (machining) efficiency.
Grooved position described in this technology is adjustable groove grinding machine, comprises fuselage, material feeding box, feeding mechanism, upper grinding mechanism, the lower grinding mechanism with workbench,
Material feeding box: for placing the plug stacked, be vertically placed on the top of workbench, forms the discharging opening that a plug only can be allowed to pass in and out bottom material feeding box and between worktable upper surface; The plug stacked can free landing in order in material feeding box;
Upper grinding mechanism: for carrying out grinding to the top of plug, has the upper emery wheel driving mechanism of upper emery wheel and the upper emery wheel of driving; Be positioned at above workbench;
Lower grinding mechanism: for carrying out grinding to the top of plug, has the lower grinding wheel driving mechanism of lower grinding wheel and driving lower grinding wheel; Be positioned at below workbench; The top edge of lower grinding wheel protrudes from worktable upper surface through the emery wheel groove opened on the table;
Feeding mechanism: the push pedal driving mechanism that there is the push pedal be slidably arranged in worktable upper surface, drive push pedal to move back and forth; Push pedal can of foot in a material feeding box plug on the direction perpendicular to plug axis from discharging opening the horizontal sliding bottom of emery wheel, top of lower grinding wheel out and pushing;
Fuselage is arranged on the upper box that the direction perpendicular to plug axis moves up and down; Upper rail, upper translation leading screw are arranged on upper box; What upper grinding mechanism was parallel to that plug axis moves left and right is slidably arranged on upper rail; The upper translator slider coordinated with upper translation leading screw is connected with upper grinding mechanism; Fuselage is fixed with upper pillar stand, upper pillar stand has the draw-in groove that above-below direction extends, fixed knob is connected with nut with the front and back box plate on upper box through draw-in groove.
The beneficial effect of this technology: unprocessed plug is placed in material feeding box, in material feeding box, a plug of foot slides down on workbench under gravity.Then push pedal is moved, and landing plug driven forward on the table, makes the discharging opening of this plug bottom material feeding box and between worktable upper surface out.Along with the movement of push pedal, plug is promoted and translation on the direction perpendicular to plug axis on the surface on the table by push pedal, when plug is pushed to the bottom of upper grinding mechanism, groove on namely the upper emery wheel rotated under upper emery wheel driving mechanism drives goes out the grinding of plug top; When plug is pushed to the top of lower grinding mechanism, namely the lower grinding wheel rotated under lower grinding wheel driving mechanism drives goes out lower groove to the grinding of plug top.Upper groove and lower groove processed after, along with the continuation of push pedal moves forward, the plug processed pushed away from emery wheel and lower grinding wheel.Then, push pedal is movement oppositely, and after push pedal is exited from material feeding box bottom, in material feeding box, a plug of foot again at gravity operation lower sheave on the table, completes one-stop operation.Then, push pedal moves forward again, starts second time operation, moves in circles like this and can complete groove grinding to core one by one.Relative to artificial grinding, this equipment not only working (machining) efficiency is high, and grinding accuracy is high, and the dust preventing grinding to produce and human contact and damage human body.
The right position of the upper groove conveniently regulating upper emery wheel grinding on workpiece to go out, also in order to adapt to the workpiece of different length, what upper grinding mechanism can move left and right is arranged on fuselage.The screw mandrel slide block mechanism coordinated by upper translation leading screw and upper translator slider and upper rail, rotations in, translation leading screw can drive translator slider to move, and upper translator slider just drive goes up grinding mechanism along steadily movement about upper rail.
Conveniently regulate upper emery wheel to the grinding depth (the upper gash depth on workpiece) of workpiece, also in order to adapt to the workpiece of different-thickness, upper grinding mechanism can the arranging on fuselage of oscilaltion by upper box.Like this, upper box moves up and down, and just drives upper rail, upper translation leading screw, upper grinding mechanism etc. to move up and down.After upper box moves to correct position, the knob that is tightened can be fixed on upper box on upper pillar stand more reliably.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, have the clamping board slot extended along push pedal moving direction on the table, the rebound being fixed on push pedal bottom is passed down through clamping board slot, and a turnover panel upset is connected to rebound bottom, and clamping plate is fixed on turnover panel; Rebound is provided with the limited block that restriction turnover panel is upwards turned to extreme position, when turnover panel upwards turn to contact with limited block time, clamping plate is upward through clamping board slot and protrudes from worktable upper surface, and be positioned at the front that push pedal promotes the pushing surface of plug movement, now relative push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area are parallel to each other, and distance between the two equals the width of plug; When turnover panel overturns downwards, clamping plate can move down and lower than worktable upper surface; The rollover states holding device making turnover panel upwards turn to when being provided with normality between turnover panel with push pedal to contact with limited block.
In order to prevent plug under the promotion of push pedal, especially in order to prevent when plug grinding, plug leaves push pedal pushing surface (swinging at fore-and-aft direction) and is provided with clamping plate.Can plug is clamped between push pedal and clamping plate by clamping plate, in other words, the both sides of plug so plug can not swing at fore-and-aft direction, further ensure machining accuracy owing to there being the restriction of clamping plate and push pedal.Certainly, conveniently take out between push pedal and clamping plate the plug of completion of processing, turnover panel is wanted to overturn downwards, such that clamping plate can move down and lower than worktable upper surface, the distance between clamping plate clamping area and push pedal pushing surface increases.When push pedal after the workpiece that processes takes out oppositely move to backward exit material feeding box time, because turnover panel is in the position contacted with limited block, distance (clamped width) now between push pedal and clamping plate equals plug width, so in material feeding box, a plug of foot still can fall on workbench, and between push pedal and clamping plate.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, rollover states holding device is gravity turning device, described gravity turning device comprises rope and can the counterweight of oscilaltion, and the two ends of rope connect turnover panel and counterweight respectively, and counterweight pulls turnover panel upwards to overturn by rope.Counterweight pulls turnover panel by rope, and turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, arranges roller in workbench bottom, turns over spigot surface under turnover panel is arranged; The setting position of roller meets: when the translation of push pedal driven forward plug departs from upper emery wheel and lower grinding wheel, under turn over spigot surface and roller contact, when push pedal continues reach, turnover panel overturns downwards under the effect of roller, makes clamping plate lower than worktable upper surface.In order to realize after plug completion of processing, turnover panel automatically can overturn downwards and conveniently take out plug, be provided with roller and under turn over spigot surface.Plug completion of processing, push pedal continue driven forward, turn over spigot surface and roller contact under on turnover panel, roller makes turnover panel overturn downwards, clamping plate along with the downward upset of turnover panel lower than worktable upper surface.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, the blanking swash plate connected with workbench is set in the front portion of workbench, the position that blanking swash plate connects with workbench meets: when overturning downwards under the effect of turnover panel at roller, when clamping plate is lower than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface, be positioned on the blanking swash plate connected with workbench by the plug that push pedal promotes, make plug can along the free landing of blanking swash plate.When plug is positioned on the blanking swash plate connected with workbench, clamping plate can not stop plug forward slip lower than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface; By arranging blanking swash plate, make the plug of completion of processing can automatically along the landing of blanking swash plate, eliminate and manually take, automaticity be higher.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, arranges the blanking funnel being used for leading to plug in the lower end of blanking swash plate.Like this, the processing plug and will fall in blanking funnel of landing on blanking swash plate, makes plug slide into assigned address, eliminates and artificially collect.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, when turnover panel upwards turn to contact with limited block time, clamping plate clamping area becomes 1 ° of-5 ° of angle with vertical push pedal pushing surface, distance between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, the Breadth Maximum > plug width G reatT.GreaT.GT push pedal pushing surface between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area and the minimum widith between clamping plate clamping area.The structure that distance (clamped width) between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, can make the foot in material feeding box plug to fall between push pedal and clamping plate reliably.The chamfering of clamping plate clamping area upper end makes plug slip into smoothly between clamping plate and push pedal more.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, it also comprises the clamped width adjustable plate be arranged on rebound that can move forward and backward, and turnover panel upset is connected on clamped width adjustable plate.In order to adapt to the plug of different in width, the spacing (clamped width) of clamping plate clamping area and push pedal pushing surface is wanted to adjust, for this reason, turnover panel is connected on rebound by clamped width adjustable plate, like this by regulating clamping width adjustment plates relative to the front and back position of rebound, just clamped width can be changed.
Above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine, it is characterized in that: clamping plate has two, the axis along plug arranges.Two clamping plates, have accomplished the reliable location to plug.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of automatic milling handle machine;
Fig. 2 is another stereogram of automatic milling handle machine;
Fig. 3 is the stereogram of upper grinding mechanism etc.;
Fig. 4 is the plane of upper grinding mechanism etc.;
Fig. 5 is the stereogram of vertical guide groove;
Fig. 6 is the side view of vertical guide groove;
Fig. 7 is another stereogram of vertical guide groove;
Fig. 8 is the stereogram of clamp system, gravity turning device etc.;
Fig. 9 is another stereogram of clamp system, gravity turning device etc.;
Figure 10 is the stereogram of upper hold-down mechanism;
Figure 11 is the plug schematic diagram after processing;
The stereogram of push pedal, workbench etc. when Figure 12 is charging;
Another stereogram of push pedal, workbench etc. when Figure 13 is charging;
The stereogram of material feeding box, upper hold-down mechanism etc. when Figure 14 is charging;
The plane such as push pedal, clamp system when Figure 15 is charging;
The stereogram of material feeding box, clamp system etc. when Figure 16 is charging;
The stereogram of material feeding box, workbench etc. when Figure 17 is charging;
The stereogram of side compression mechanism, workbench etc. when Figure 18 is grinding;
The plane such as clamp system when Figure 19 is grinding;
The stereogram of clamp system, gravity turning device etc. when Figure 20 is grinding;
The stereogram of side compression mechanism, upper hold-down mechanism etc. when Figure 21 is grinding;
The schematic diagram to plug grinding such as upper left emery wheel when Figure 22 is grinding;
Figure 23 is the plane of discharging front clamp mechanism etc. after grinding;
Figure 24 is the stereogram (removing the rebound, clamped width adjustable plate etc. of workbench, side) of discharging front clamp mechanism etc. after grinding;
Figure 25 is the stereogram of hold-down mechanism etc. on front side of discharging after grinding;
The plane of clamp system etc. when Figure 26 is discharging;
The stereogram (removing the rebound, clamped width adjustable plate etc. of workbench, side) of clamp system etc. when Figure 27 is discharging;
The stereogram of push pedal, workbench etc. when Figure 28 is discharging.
Detailed description of the invention
Grooved position shown in Figure 1 is adjustable groove grinding machine, comprises fuselage 1, material feeding box 2, upper grinding mechanism 3, lower grinding mechanism 4, feeding mechanism 5, upper hold-down mechanism 6, side compression mechanism 7, clamp system 8, gravity turning device 9.
Fuselage 1 is the basis of whole equipment, comprises workbench, footpost, upper pillar stand, lower pillar stand, entablature, sill etc.Four footpost 102 support table 101, workbench top is fixed with four upper pillar stands 103, and the upper end of entablature 104 and four upper pillar stands is fixedly linked.Below workbench, have the platen 105 be fixed on four footposts, platen 105 is fixed with four lower pillar stands 106, the lower end of sill 107 and four upper pillar stands is fixedly linked.
Material feeding box comprises position, plug 10 two ends two vertical guide grooves 200 in the inner.Described vertical guide groove surrounds primarily of side shield 201, front apron 202 and backboard 203.Front apron is parallel with backboard, and side shield is vertical with front apron, and all and table vertical, end slide plate is parallel with workbench, and sideskid is parallel with side shield for side shield, front apron and backboard.The bottom of side shield is connected with end slide plate, have the strip hole 110 that left and right directions extends on the table, wing bolt (not shown) coordinates (certainly through strip hole with the screw 206 on end slide plate, if have on the end slide plate left and right directions extend strip hole, wing bolt through strip hole coordinate with the screw on workbench also completely can).
Discharging opening 207 is between front apron root edge and worktable upper surface.Front apron is connected with sideskid, and sideskid has the mounting hole 208 that above-below direction extends; Side shield has the mounting hole 209 that fore-and-aft direction extends, and wing bolt 210 coordinates with nut 211 through two mounting holes.
In order to adapt to the plug of different in width, material feeding box is wanted to regulate at the width of fore-and-aft direction (vertical with plug axis direction); In order to adapt to the plug of different-thickness, the height of discharging opening is wanted to regulate.For this reason, the material feeding box of this structure, moves front apron by fore-and-aft direction, can change the distance between front apron and backboard, and that is, material feeding box is wanted to change at the width of fore-and-aft direction (vertical with plug axis direction); Move front apron by above-below direction, can change the distance between front apron root edge and worktable upper surface, that is, the height of discharging opening is wanted to change.In order to adapt to the plug of different length, the length of material feeding box on plug axis direction is wanted to regulate.By regulating the right position of side shield, can change the distance between two side shields at plug two ends, that is, the length of material feeding box on plug axis direction can change.
Upper grinding mechanism 3 and lower grinding mechanism 4 symmetrical up and down with a horizontal plane, this horizontal plane is by being positioned at the axis of the plug 10 in worktable upper surface.Now main above grinding mechanism is that example is described.
Upper grinding mechanism has two: left grinding mechanism 301, right grinding mechanism 302.Left grinding mechanism comprises the upper left emery wheel 304 on the left motor shaft of left motor 303, setting.Right grinding mechanism comprises two upper right emery wheels 306 on the right motor shaft of right motor 305, setting.Upper left emery wheel 304, upper right emery wheel 306 arrange on the direction being parallel to plug axis.
What upper box 307 was slided up and down by guide pillar guide sleeve structure is arranged on entablature 104, and entablature 104 is positioned at above upper box 307.Entablature rotates elevating screw 308 is set, be connected with upper box with the upper lifting slider 309 that upper elevating screw coordinates.In guide pillar guide sleeve structure, guide pillar 310 is fixed on entablature, and the guide pin bushing 311 be fixed on upper box coordinates with guide pillar.
Arrange in the left and right sides of upper box bottom the upper left guide rail 312, the upper right guide rail 313 that are parallel to plug axis, left motor 303 base, right motor 305 base are slidably arranged on upper left guide rail, upper right guide rail respectively.Upper left translation leading screw 314, upper right translation leading screw 315 rotate and are arranged on upper box, the upper left translator slider 316 and left motor 303 base that coordinate with upper left translation leading screw are fixedly linked, and the upper right translator slider 317 and right motor 305 base that coordinate with upper right translation leading screw are fixedly linked.
Draw-in groove 114, four fixed knobs 115 that four upper pillar stands have above-below direction extension are connected with nut with the front and back box plate on upper box through draw-in groove.After upper box moves to correct position, the knob that is tightened can be fixed on upper box on upper pillar stand more reliably.
What the lower box 407 in lower grinding mechanism was slided up and down by guide pillar guide sleeve structure is arranged on sill 107, and sill is positioned at the bottom of lower box.Draw-in groove 116, four fixed knobs 117 that four lower pillar stands have above-below direction extension are connected with nut with the front and back box plate on lower box 407 through draw-in groove.After lower box moves to correct position, the knob 117 that is tightened can be fixed on lower box on lower pillar stand more reliably.Other structure in lower grinding mechanism, as lower-left emery wheel, bottom right emery wheel etc. and lower grinding mechanism roughly the same, no longer describe.
The right position of the upper (lower) groove conveniently regulating the grinding on workpiece of upper (lower) emery wheel to go out, also in order to adapt to the workpiece of different length, what upper (lower) grinding mechanism can move left and right is arranged on fuselage.The screw mandrel slide block mechanism coordinated by upper (lower) translation leading screw and upper (lower) translator slider and upper (lower) guide rail, rotating upper (lower) translation leading screw can drive upper (lower) translator slider to move, and upper (lower) translator slider just drives upper (lower) grinding mechanism along steadily movement about upper (lower) guide rail.Conveniently regulate upper (lower) emery wheel to the grinding depth (the upper (lower) gash depth on workpiece) of workpiece, also in order to adapt to the workpiece of different-thickness, upper (lower) grinding mechanism can the arranging on fuselage of oscilaltion by upper (lower) casing.Like this, upper (lower) casing moves up and down, and just drives upper (lower) guide rail, upper (lower) translation leading screw, upper (lower) grinding mechanism etc. to move up and down.Emery wheel in two upper (lower) grinding mechanisms carries out grinding to plug simultaneously, can simultaneously grinding two (group) upper (lower) grooves, and working (machining) efficiency is higher.
Feeding mechanism comprises push pedal 501, oil cylinder (push pedal driving mechanism) 502.The width in the lateral direction of push pedal is less than the distance between upper left emery wheel 304 and upper right emery wheel 306, is ground to push pedal to prevent upper left emery wheel 304 and upper right emery wheel 306; Also the spacing between little and two vertical guide grooves 200, can pass through to make push pedal between two vertical guide grooves 200.The thickness of push pedal is not more than the thickness of plug, to make top board when pressing down, can push down plug.The push pedal 501 be positioned in worktable upper surface is connected with the piston rod of oil cylinder, and under the effect of oil cylinder, the push pedal pushing surface of push pedal front portion 503 is with core rod touch and promote plug at the front and back upward sliding perpendicular to plug axis.
Upper hold-down mechanism have parallel with worktable upper surface, be positioned at top board 601 above workbench, top board width on plug axial direction (left and right directions) is less than plug 10 length, is certainly also less than the distance between upper left emery wheel 304 and upper right emery wheel 306.
Top board have towards one end of material feeding box acclivitous on press guide plate 602, enter smoothly between top board lower surface and worktable upper surface under the guiding of upper pressure guide plate to make the plug of translation.Upper compression adjustable plate 605 is fixed with two blocks of straight plates (can be regarded as a part for compression adjustable plate) 606, two risers 603 are provided with in the bottom of upper box, wing bolt 607 coordinates with nut 608 through the elongated hole 604 of the upper downward-extension that riser 603 is opened and straight plate (certainly, wing bolt 607 coordinate with nut 608 through the elongated hole of the upper downward-extension that straight plate is opened and riser also completely can).
Top board guide pillar 609 is fixed with on top board top, top board guide pillar slides up and down with upper compression adjustable plate and coordinates, upper pressing spring 610 around top board guide pillar and top board and on compress between adjustable plate, upper pressing spring make when normality top board be in downwards away from compress the state of adjustable plate.Like this, under push pedal horizontal sliding, the plug of translation on the table will be pressed between top board and workbench.Top board guide pillar fluctuates relative to upper compression adjustable plate together along with top board, and the cooperation of top board guide pillar and upper compression adjustable plate, plays guide effect to moving up and down of top board guide pillar.
In order to prevent plug under the promotion of push pedal, especially in order to prevent when plug grinding, plug leaves workbench (swinging at above-below direction) and is provided with upper hold-down mechanism.Plug can be clamped between top board and workbench by top board.The upper and lower sides of plug so plug can not swing at above-below direction, further ensures machining accuracy owing to there being the restriction of top board and workbench.Conveniently regulate the height of top board, to adapt to the plug of different-thickness and the thrust of top board to plug can be changed, top board is arranged on compression adjustable plate, by regulating upper compression adjustable plate relative to the position of fuselage, can change the height of top board.
Side compression mechanism mainly comprises floating lateral pressure plate 701, side pressure backer plate 702, side pressure adjustable plate 703.
Side pressure backer plate has the chute 704 being parallel to plug axis, and wing bolt 705 is through chute 704 and workbench and nut screw connection.Side pressure adjustable plate has the chute 706 being parallel to plug axis, and wing bolt 707 is through chute 706 and workbench and nut screw connection.
Floating lateral pressure plate is fixed with side guide guide pillar 708, and side guide guide pillar horizontally slips with side pressure adjustable plate and coordinates, and side pressure spring 709 is around side guide guide pillar and between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure adjustable plate.Floating lateral pressure plate is made to be in state away from side pressure adjustable plate during side pressure spring normality, thus can under push pedal horizontal sliding, the plug of translation is on the table pressed between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate.Side guide guide pillar moves left and right relative to side pressure adjustable plate together along with floating lateral pressure plate, and the cooperation of side guide guide pillar and side pressure adjustable plate, plays guide effect to moving left and right of side guide guide pillar.
Towards one end of material feeding box, there is outward-dipping side pressure guide plate 710 at floating lateral pressure plate, enter smoothly between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate under the guiding of side pressure guide plate to make the plug of translation.
In order to prevent plug under the promotion of push pedal, especially in order to prevent when plug grinding, plug moves left and right along axis and is provided with side compression mechanism.Side pressure spring is clamped in plug between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate by floating lateral pressure plate.The left and right sides of plug, owing to having the restriction of floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate so plug can not swing at left and right directions, further ensures machining accuracy.Conveniently regulate the position of side pressure backer plate, floating lateral pressure plate, to adapt to the plug of different length and can change floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate to the thrust of plug, the setting that side pressure backer plate moves left and right on the table; Floating lateral pressure plate is arranged on the table by side pressure adjustable plate, can change floating lateral pressure plate relative to workbench and the position relative to side pressure backer plate by changing side pressure adjustable plate relative to the position of workbench.
Clamp system mainly comprises rebound 801, clamped width adjustable plate 804, pivot 806, turnover panel 808, clamping plate 809, limited block 810, roller 814, under turn over spigot surface 815 etc.
Have two the clamping board slots 111 extended along push pedal moving direction on the table, two rebounds 801 being fixed on push pedal bottom are passed down through clamping board slot 111 respectively.Each rebound 801 is respectively connected with a clamped width adjustable plate 804 by following structure: wing bolt 802 is passed in elongated slot 803 that front and back that rebound leaves extend and clamped width adjustable plate 804 coordinates with nut 805 (certainly, also can be the elongated slot and rebound and nut screw connection that wing bolt is passed in that front and back that clamped width adjustable plate is opened extend).
The two ends of pivot 806 are fixed on two relative clamped width adjustable plates 804.The rear portion of rotating the bearing block 807 and turnover panel 808 being arranged on pivot is fixedly linked, and the front portion of turnover panel is fixed with two and extends upward into clamping plate 809, two clamping plates 809 in clamping board slot and arrange along the axis of plug.Two clamping plates, have accomplished the reliable location to plug.Turnover panel can pivotally swing up and down relative to clamped width adjustable plate.The front bottom end of clamped width adjustable plate is provided with the limited block 810 that restriction turnover panel is upwards turned to extreme position, when turnover panel upwards turn to contact with limited block time, clamping plate is upward through clamping board slot and protrudes from worktable upper surface, and be positioned at the front that push pedal promotes the push pedal pushing surface of plug movement, now clamping plate clamping area 811 and vertical push pedal pushing surface 513 one-tenth 2 ° of-4 ° of angles, distance (clamped width) between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, Breadth Maximum > plug width G reatT.GreaT.GT push pedal pushing surface between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area and the minimum widith between clamping plate clamping area, and the upper end of clamping plate clamping area has chamfering 812.When turnover panel overturns downwards, clamping plate can move down and lower than worktable upper surface.Each rebound is fixed with former and later two guide blocks 813.
The blanking swash plate 112 connected with workbench is set in the front portion of workbench, the blanking funnel 113 being used for leading to plug is set in the lower end of blanking swash plate.Roller 814 is set in workbench forward lower part, under turnover panel is arranged, turns over spigot surface 815; After the translation of push pedal driven forward plug departs from upper emery wheel and lower grinding wheel, under turn over spigot surface and roller contact, when push pedal continues reach, turnover panel overturns downwards under the effect of roller, make the upper end of clamping plate can not higher than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface, be positioned on the blanking swash plate connected with workbench by the plug that push pedal promotes, plug along the free landing of blanking swash plate, and then can be entered in blanking funnel.
The rollover states holding device making turnover panel upwards turn to during normality to contact with limited block is gravity turning device 9, and described gravity turning device mainly comprises two ropes, 901, two counterweights 902, counterweight lifting guide plate 903.Counterweight lifting guide plate is fixed on the rear portion of workbench, it has the slideway 904 of downward-extension, and the sliding pin 906 be connected in two counterweights passes slideway.Two directive wheels 905 rotate and are arranged on counterweight lifting guide plate top.One end of every root rope connects counterweight, and the other end is walked around directive wheel, is connected with a clamping plate through after two guide blocks forward.During normality, counterweight pulls turnover panel and clamping plate pivotally upwards to overturn by rope, makes turnover panel be in the state contacted with limited block.When moving forward under the promotion of push pedal at oil cylinder, rebound, clamped width adjustable plate, turnover panel, clamping plate etc. move forward with push pedal together, and certain rope just pulls counterweight along at slideway upward sliding.When push pedal is oppositely moved backward, counterweight is natural downslide under gravity.
Certainly, if gravity turning device 9 is replaced also completely passable with turnover spring.Can derive, turnover spring can for being arranged on the spring between clamped width adjustable plate and turnover panel, may also be the spring be arranged between clamped width adjustable plate and clamping plate, even may also be the spring be arranged between rebound or push pedal and clamping plate or turnover panel.
This patent adopts wing bolt, can the relative position of quick and convenient adjustment two parts.
The course of work of this equipment.Charging: what many unprocessed oblatenesses, pancake or rectangle plugs stacked up and down is placed in material feeding box, and the two ends of every root plug extend in two vertical guide grooves.In material feeding box, the landing downwards under gravity of a plug of foot is on workbench.Now, turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block under the effect of counterweight, clamping plate clamping area turns forward 2 °-4 ° (with the angle 2 °-4 ° of vertical plane), in landing to the material feeding box on workbench, a plug of foot is just in time between clamping plate clamping area and vertical push pedal pushing surface, and plug is located clamping at fore-and-aft direction.
Grinding: then cylinder action, push pedal moves forward, and landing plug driven forward on the table, makes the discharging opening of this plug bottom material feeding box and between worktable upper surface out.Along with the movement of push pedal, plug is promoted and translation on the direction perpendicular to plug axis on the surface on the table by push pedal.Plug is depressed and is carried out top board bottom under the guiding of upper pressure guide plate, is clamped between top board and workbench at above-below direction; Plug carries out between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate under the guiding side pressure of side pressure guide plate, is clamped at left and right directions.When plug by front push away rotate in upper grinding mechanism upper left emery wheel, the bottom of upper right emery wheel, the lower-left emery wheel, the bottom right emery wheel that rotate in lower grinding mechanism, namely upper groove 1001, lower groove 1002 are gone out to the grinding of plug top.
Discharging: upper groove and lower groove processed after, along with the continuation of push pedal moves forward, the plug processed by front pushing away immediately below upper left emery wheel, upper right emery wheel (directly over lower-left emery wheel, bottom right emery wheel) leave.Then push pedal continues driven forward, and turn over spigot surface and roller contact under on turnover panel, roller makes turnover panel start downward upset, and the upper end of clamping plate reduces gradually along with the downward upset of turnover panel.The distance of push pedal reach is larger, and the angle that turnover panel pivotally overturns downwards is larger, and clamping plate upper end is lower.When plug is pushed to upper blanking swash plate upper end from workbench, clamping plate upper end, completely lower than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface, makes the plug of completion of processing automatically can slip into blanking funnel along blanking swash plate.
Backhaul: oil cylinder drives push pedal oppositely to move backward, turnover panel and under turn over spigot surface etc. and also move backward, under turn over spigot surface and depart from roller gradually, turnover panel pivotally upwards overturns gradually under counterweight pulls, and workbench is upwards exposed gradually in clamping plate upper end.Until roller with under turn over spigot surface no longer contact time, turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block, and workbench is exposed completely in clamping plate upper end, and clamping plate clamping area is in the position of 2 °-4 ° of turning forward.Until bottom push pedal rollback to material feeding box, when gap (clamped width) between push pedal pushing surface with clamping plate clamping area and the gap (material feeding box is at forward direction width) between the front apron of material feeding box and backboard are relative up and down, in material feeding box, a unprocessed plug of foot just falls on workbench, and enter between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area, push pedal stops retreating, and completes one-stop operation.
Groove grinding can be completed to core one by one like this through charging, grinding, discharging, moving in circles of backhaul.
In this patent, material feeding box adopts vertical in line structure, and plug is stacked into row within it from bottom to top.Push pedal to promote bottom material feeding box after next root plug releases from discharge outlet; Remaining plug, due to deadweight accumulation, is all pressed in push pedal, can not be taken out of material feeding box.This equipment achieves the automatic grinding of hammer handle plug, material feeding box height and width-adjustable, side compression position and side compression power adjustable; Upper compacted position and upper thrust adjustable, abrasive grinding wheel quantity and position adjustable, be suitable for different size plug processing.

Claims (9)

1. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position, comprises fuselage, material feeding box, feeding mechanism, upper grinding mechanism, the lower grinding mechanism with workbench, it is characterized in that:
Material feeding box: for placing the plug stacked, be vertically placed on the top of workbench, forms the discharging opening that a plug only can be allowed to pass in and out bottom material feeding box and between worktable upper surface; The plug stacked can free landing in order in material feeding box;
Upper grinding mechanism: for carrying out grinding to the top of plug, has the upper emery wheel driving mechanism of upper emery wheel and the upper emery wheel of driving; Be positioned at above workbench;
Lower grinding mechanism: for carrying out grinding to the top of plug, has the lower grinding wheel driving mechanism of lower grinding wheel and driving lower grinding wheel; Be positioned at below workbench; The top edge of lower grinding wheel protrudes from worktable upper surface through the emery wheel groove opened on the table;
Feeding mechanism: the push pedal driving mechanism that there is the push pedal be slidably arranged in worktable upper surface, drive push pedal to move back and forth; Push pedal can of foot in a material feeding box plug on the direction perpendicular to plug axis from discharging opening the horizontal sliding bottom of emery wheel, top of lower grinding wheel out and pushing;
Fuselage is arranged on the upper box that the direction perpendicular to plug axis moves up and down; Upper rail, upper translation leading screw are arranged on upper box; What upper grinding mechanism was parallel to that plug axis moves left and right is slidably arranged on upper rail; The upper translator slider coordinated with upper translation leading screw is connected with upper grinding mechanism; Fuselage is fixed with upper pillar stand, upper pillar stand has the draw-in groove that above-below direction extends, fixed knob is connected with nut with the front and back box plate on upper box through draw-in groove.
2. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: have the clamping board slot extended along push pedal moving direction on the table, the rebound being fixed on push pedal bottom is passed down through clamping board slot, one turnover panel upset is connected to rebound bottom, and clamping plate is fixed on turnover panel; Rebound is provided with the limited block that restriction turnover panel is upwards turned to extreme position, when turnover panel upwards turn to contact with limited block time, clamping plate is upward through clamping board slot and protrudes from worktable upper surface, and be positioned at the front that push pedal promotes the pushing surface of plug movement, now relative push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area are parallel to each other, and distance between the two equals the width of plug; When turnover panel overturns downwards, clamping plate can move down and lower than worktable upper surface; The rollover states holding device making turnover panel upwards turn to when being provided with normality between turnover panel with push pedal to contact with limited block.
3. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: rollover states holding device is gravity turning device, described gravity turning device comprises rope and can the counterweight of oscilaltion, the two ends of rope connect turnover panel and counterweight respectively, and counterweight pulls turnover panel upwards to overturn by rope.
4. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: arrange roller in workbench bottom, turns over spigot surface under turnover panel is arranged; The setting position of roller meets: when the translation of push pedal driven forward plug departs from upper emery wheel and lower grinding wheel, under turn over spigot surface and roller contact, when push pedal continues reach, turnover panel overturns downwards under the effect of roller, makes clamping plate lower than worktable upper surface.
5. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: the blanking swash plate connected with workbench is set in the front portion of workbench, the position that blanking swash plate connects with workbench meets: when overturning downwards under the effect of turnover panel at roller, when clamping plate is lower than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface, be positioned on the blanking swash plate connected with workbench by the plug that push pedal promotes, make plug can along the free landing of blanking swash plate.
6. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: arrange the blanking funnel being used for leading to plug in the lower end of blanking swash plate.
7. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: when turnover panel upwards turn to contact with limited block time, clamping plate clamping area becomes 1 ° of-5 ° of angle with vertical push pedal pushing surface, distance between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, the Breadth Maximum > plug width G reatT.GreaT.GT push pedal pushing surface between push pedal pushing surface and clamping plate clamping area and the minimum widith between clamping plate clamping area.
8. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: further comprising the clamped width adjustable plate be arranged on rebound that can move forward and backward, and turnover panel upset is connected on clamped width adjustable plate.
9. the adjustable groove grinding machine of grooved position as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: clamping plate has two, the axis along plug arranges.
CN201510159335.2A 2015-04-06 2015-04-06 Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine CN104772678B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510159335.2A CN104772678B (en) 2015-04-06 2015-04-06 Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510159335.2A CN104772678B (en) 2015-04-06 2015-04-06 Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104772678A true CN104772678A (en) 2015-07-15
CN104772678B CN104772678B (en) 2017-09-05

Family

ID=53614603

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510159335.2A CN104772678B (en) 2015-04-06 2015-04-06 Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104772678B (en)

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001096451A (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-04-10 Fuji Oozx Inc Grinder
CN201841581U (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-05-25 穆朝富 Full-automatic shape-grinding and mortising machine for wooden penholder
CN102218689A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-19 苏州领航自动化科技有限公司 Recessing machine
CN202021486U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-11-02 山西省高平市泫氏铸业有限公司 Cylindrical workpiece positioning device
CN102328238A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 天津市中马骏腾精密机械制造有限公司 Automatic feeding and clamping device for double-head automatic chamfering machine
CN202780767U (en) * 2012-08-26 2013-03-13 大连事事达数控机械科技有限公司 Metal word slotting machine for slotting by adopting angle grinder
CN203679981U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-07-02 中山市锋凡机械设备有限公司 Sanding equipment for furniture parts
CN104209838A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-17 镇江市丹徒区甬润工具有限公司 Groove grinding machine for automatically correcting screw tap
CN204160292U (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-02-18 章云进 A kind of notch grinder
CN204546179U (en) * 2015-04-06 2015-08-12 南京市宏伟屠宰机械制造有限公司 Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001096451A (en) * 1999-09-28 2001-04-10 Fuji Oozx Inc Grinder
CN201841581U (en) * 2010-07-29 2011-05-25 穆朝富 Full-automatic shape-grinding and mortising machine for wooden penholder
CN202021486U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-11-02 山西省高平市泫氏铸业有限公司 Cylindrical workpiece positioning device
CN102218689A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-19 苏州领航自动化科技有限公司 Recessing machine
CN102328238A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 天津市中马骏腾精密机械制造有限公司 Automatic feeding and clamping device for double-head automatic chamfering machine
CN202780767U (en) * 2012-08-26 2013-03-13 大连事事达数控机械科技有限公司 Metal word slotting machine for slotting by adopting angle grinder
CN203679981U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-07-02 中山市锋凡机械设备有限公司 Sanding equipment for furniture parts
CN104209838A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-17 镇江市丹徒区甬润工具有限公司 Groove grinding machine for automatically correcting screw tap
CN204160292U (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-02-18 章云进 A kind of notch grinder
CN204546179U (en) * 2015-04-06 2015-08-12 南京市宏伟屠宰机械制造有限公司 Grooved position is adjustable groove grinding machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104772678B (en) 2017-09-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203753957U (en) Automatic feeding machine for tool grinding machine
CN104175349B (en) A kind of head rotating formula pipe cutting machine
CN103802186B (en) A kind of Foldable fan ribs of the fan copying machine
CN107056037A (en) A kind of glass cutting device
CN204054141U (en) A kind of head rotating formula pipe cutting machine
CN105081918A (en) Worm deburring machine
CN203779635U (en) Folding fan frame profiling processing machine
CN204867616U (en) Automatic pipe cutting machine
CN202367813U (en) After-loading high-speed computer cut-to-size saw
CN105817894B (en) One kind is used for bracker fan bar automatically grinding device
CN103848194A (en) Automatic material feeding mechanism
CN102390063A (en) Back loading high-speed computer panel saw
CN105500643B (en) The light guide plate cast gate cold cut machine and its cold cut method of substep cutting
CN106003254A (en) Cutting machine with chipping treating mechanism
CN102909737B (en) Multi-bade spacing-adjustable sponge foam forming device and forming method
JP2019508260A (en) Production equipment and method of integral rotary cutting tool
CN106042446A (en) Automatic material supplying and feeding device and method for die-cutting machine for processing paper boards of different types
CN201922824U (en) Workbench of full-automatic numerical-control woodworking engraving forming machine
CN105057762A (en) Automatic pipe cutting machine
CN106378830A (en) Woodworking straight line edge trimming machine
CN105598293A (en) Automatic shaft ribbing tool
CN104476360B (en) Automatic insertion pin grinding method and grinding machine
CN105081771A (en) Automatic assembly device for two-hole sockets
CN209223255U (en) A kind of safety-type plate shearing machine
CN205464572U (en) Automatic flying saw machine of tubular product or section bar

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
EXSB Decision made by sipo to initiate substantive examination
CB02 Change of applicant information

Address after: Seven Austin Road Honglan Town Industrial Park of Lishui District of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, No. 6 211219

Applicant after: NANJING HONGWEI SLAUGHTERING MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO., LTD.

Address before: 211223 Jiangsu Province, Nanjing city Lishui District mingjue Industrial Park

Applicant before: NANJING HONGWEI SLAUGHTERING MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO., LTD.

CB02 Change of applicant information
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170905

Termination date: 20180406

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee