CN104772677B - Plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position is adjustable - Google Patents

Plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position is adjustable Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104772677B
CN104772677B CN201510159326.3A CN201510159326A CN104772677B CN 104772677 B CN104772677 B CN 104772677B CN 201510159326 A CN201510159326 A CN 201510159326A CN 104772677 B CN104772677 B CN 104772677B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plug
grinding
push pedal
turnover panel
plate
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CN201510159326.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104772677A (en
Inventor
冯兆生
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南京林恒机械制造有限公司
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Priority to CN201510159326.3A priority Critical patent/CN104772677B/en
Publication of CN104772677A publication Critical patent/CN104772677A/en
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Publication of CN104772677B publication Critical patent/CN104772677B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/02Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group for grinding grooves, e.g. on shafts, in casings, in tubes, homokinetic joint elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

This technology provides a kind of groove that can be on automatic grinding plug, grinding accuracy and the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of the higher grooved position of processing efficiency, and it includes fuselage, material feeding box, feeding mechanism, upper grinding mechanism, lower grinding mechanism, side compression mechanism;The discharging opening that a plug can be passed in and out is formed between material feeding box and workbench;Plug is pushed into upper emery wheel bottom, lower grinding wheel top by the push pedal of feeding mechanism;Upper box is arranged on fuselage by what guide pillar guide sleeve structure was slided up and down, is rotated on fuselage and is set elevating screw, and the upper lifting slider coordinated with upper elevating screw is connected with upper box;Upper rail, upper translation leading screw parallel to plug axis are arranged on upper box;Upper grinding mechanism is slidably arranged on upper rail;The upper translator slider coordinated with upper translation leading screw is connected with upper grinding mechanism.

Description

Plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position is adjustable
Technical field
It is the ditch that the groove on oblate, pancake or rectangular plug is ground that this technology, which is related to a kind of pair cross-section, Plug groove grinding equipment that groove location is adjustable.
Background technology
Hammer is a kind of conventional impact tool, it is produced displacement or deformation by beaing object.Hammer is typically It is made up of tup and hammer handle, hammer handle is as the main grip of user, and its shape, size, material, structure etc. are directly affected To the practical effect of hammer.Hammer handle is general to be made up of oblate plug and the soft sheath being sleeved on plug.It is used as hammer The plug of handle core component, be typically will be added after the heat fuseds such as glass fibre, resin after other chemical materials through injection, it is cold But, shape, stretch, block, then formed in some grooves of its Surface Machining.Soft sheath is sleeved on the groove of plug, prevents The sliding of soft sheath.The main processing mode of plug groove is artificial grinding, and inefficiency, grinding accuracy is poor;And due to It is often the harmful material such as glass fibre and resin to constitute plug raw material, the atomic starch formed during artificial grinding Dirt, Long Term Contact can produce serious injury to skin, respiratory tract of human body etc..
The content of the invention
The purpose of this technology be to provide it is a kind of can automatic grinding is oblate, the groove on pancake or rectangle plug, Grinding accuracy and the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of the higher grooved position of processing efficiency.
The adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position described in this technology, for being ground oblate, pancake or rectangular The upper groove and lower groove of shape plug, including the fuselage with workbench, material feeding box, feeding mechanism, upper grinding mechanism, lower grinding Mechanism,
Material feeding box:For placing the plug stacked, it is placed on vertically on the top of workbench, material feeding box bottom and workbench The discharging opening for being only capable of allowing a plug to pass in and out is formed between surface;The plug stacked can in sequence freely in material feeding box Slide;
Upper grinding mechanism:It is ground for the top to plug, the upper emery wheel with upper emery wheel and the upper emery wheel of driving drives Motivation structure;Above workbench;
Lower grinding mechanism:It is ground for the bottom to plug, the lower grinding wheel with lower grinding wheel and driving lower grinding wheel drives Motivation structure;Below workbench;The top edge of lower grinding wheel passes through and opens emery wheel groove on the table and protrude from workbench Upper surface;
Feeding mechanism:Driven with the push pedal being slidably arranged in worktable upper surface, the push pedal for driving push pedal to move back and forth Motivation structure;Push pedal can a plug of foot in material feeding box on the direction perpendicular to plug axis from discharging opening horizontal sliding Out and it is pushed into bottom, the top of lower grinding wheel of upper emery wheel;
Upper box is arranged on fuselage by what guide pillar guide sleeve structure was slided up and down, is rotated on fuselage and is lifted silk in setting Thick stick, the upper lifting slider coordinated with upper elevating screw is connected with upper box;Upper rail, upper translation leading screw parallel to plug axis It is arranged on upper box;Upper grinding mechanism is slidably arranged on upper rail;With it is upper translation leading screw coordinate upper translator slider with it is upper Grinding mechanism is connected.
The beneficial effect of this technology:Unprocessed plug is placed in material feeding box, a plug of foot in material feeding box Slide down under gravity on workbench.Then push pedal is moved, and the plug slid on the table is promoted forward so that should Plug comes out from the discharging opening between material feeding box bottom and worktable upper surface.With the movement of push pedal, plug is promoted by push pedal And translated up on the table on surface perpendicular to the side of plug axis, when plug is pushed to the bottom of upper grinding mechanism When, the upper emery wheel rotated under the drive of upper emery wheel drive mechanism is ground out groove to plug top;When plug is pushed to down During the top of grinding mechanism, the lower grinding wheel rotated under the drive of lower grinding wheel drive mechanism is ground out lower groove to plug bottom. Upper groove and lower groove are processed finish after, moved forward with the continuation of push pedal, the plug processed pushed away from emery wheel and lower sand Wheel.Then, push pedal is moved backward, after push pedal is exited from charging lower box part, and a plug of foot is again in weight in material feeding box Masterpiece industry lower sheave on the table, completes one-stop operation.Then, push pedal moves forward again, starts the second subjob, so circulates Can back and forth groove grinding be completed to core one by one.Relative to artificial grinding, this equipment is not only high in machining efficiency, grinding essence Degree is high, and prevents the dust that grinding is produced and human contact and human body is damaged.
Grinding depth of the upper emery wheel to workpiece is adjusted for convenience(Upper gash depth on workpiece), it is different also for adapting to The workpiece of thickness, upper grinding mechanism can be on the setting fuselage of oscilaltion by upper box.So, upper box is moved up and down, just Upper rail, upper translation leading screw, upper grinding mechanism etc. is driven to move up and down.
The right position for the upper groove that upper emery wheel is ground out on workpiece is adjusted for convenience, also for adaptation different length Workpiece, upper grinding mechanism movably can be set on upper box.The silk coordinated by upper translation leading screw and upper translator slider Leading screw is translated in bar slide block mechanism and upper rail, rotation can drive translator slider to move, and upper translator slider just drives mill Mechanism is cut steadily to move along upper rail or so.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, is provided with along push pedal moving direction and extends on the table Clamping board slot, the rebound for being fixed on push pedal bottom is passed down through clamping board slot, and turnover panel upset is connected to rebound bottom, Clamping plate is fixed on turnover panel;Set restricted turnover panel to be flipped up the limited block of extreme position on rebound, work as turnover panel It is flipped up to when being contacted with limited block, clamping plate is upward through clamping board slot and protrudes from worktable upper surface, and positioned at pushing away Plate promotes the front of the pushing surface of plug movement, and now relative push pedal pushing surface is parallel to each other with clamping board clamping face, and both it Between distance be equal to plug width;When turnover panel is downwardly turned over, clamping plate can move down and be less than worktable upper surface; So that turnover panel is flipped up to the rollover states holding meanss contacted with limited block when being provided with normality between turnover panel and push pedal.
In order to prevent plug under the promotion of push pedal, especially for preventing that plug leaves push pedal and pushed away when plug is ground Face(Swung in fore-and-aft direction)And it is provided with clamping plate.Plug can be clamped in by clamping plate between push pedal and clamping plate, In other words, the both sides of plug are further protected due to having the limitation of clamping plate and push pedal so plug can not be swung in fore-and-aft direction Machining accuracy is demonstrate,proved.Certainly, the plug of completion of processing is taken out between push pedal and clamping plate for convenience, turnover panel will can be to Lower upset so that clamping plate can move down and less than worktable upper surface, clamp between board clamping face and push pedal pushing surface away from From increase.When after the workpiece that processes takes out push pedal be reversely moved rearwardly into exit material feeding box when, because turnover panel is in and limited block The distance between the position of contact, now push pedal and clamping plate(Clamped width)Equal to plug width, so most lower in material feeding box A piece plug in portion still can be fallen on workbench, and positioned between push pedal and clamping plate.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, rollover states holding meanss are gravity turning device, institute State gravity turning device including rope and can oscilaltion counterweight, the two ends of rope connect turnover panel and counterweight respectively, and counterweight is led to Crossing rope pulls turnover panel to be flipped up.Counterweight pulls turnover panel by rope, and turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, roller is set in workbench bottom, is set on turnover panel Under turn over spigot surface;The set location of roller is met:When push pedal promotes forward plug translation to depart from upper emery wheel and lower grinding wheel, under turn over Spigot surface is contacted with roller, and when push pedal continues to move forward, turnover panel is downwardly turned in the presence of roller so that clamping plate is less than work Platform upper surface.In order to realize after plug completion of processing, turnover panel can automatically downwardly turn over and conveniently take out plug, set Roller and under turn over spigot surface.Plug completion of processing, push pedal continues to promote forward, on turnover panel under turn over spigot surface and connect with roller Touch, roller causes turnover panel to downwardly turn over, clamping plate is less than worktable upper surface with downwardly turning over for turnover panel.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, anterior in workbench sets what is connected with workbench to fall Expect swash plate, the position that blanking swash plate connects with workbench is met:When turnover panel is downwardly turned in the presence of roller, clamping plate is less than When worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface, the plug promoted by push pedal is located on the blanking swash plate connected with workbench, Plug is freely slid along blanking swash plate.When plug is located on the blanking swash plate connected with workbench, clamping plate Less than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface without stopping plug forward slip;By setting blanking swash plate so that The plug of completion of processing can slide along blanking swash plate automatically, eliminate and manually take, automaticity is higher.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, is provided for entering plug in the lower end of blanking swash plate The blanking funnel that row is oriented to.So, the plug that processes slid on blanking swash plate is dropped into blanking funnel so that plug Specified location is slided into, eliminates and artificially collects.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, when turnover panel is flipped up to when being contacted with limited block, is pressed from both sides Tight board clamping face is with vertical push pedal pushing surface into 1 ° of -5 ° of angle, and push pedal pushing surface is with clamping under the upper width in the distance between board clamping face It is narrow, between the Breadth Maximum > plug width G T.GT.GT push pedals pushing surfaces and clamping board clamping face between push pedal pushing surface and clamping board clamping face Minimum widith.Push pedal pushing surface is with clamping the distance between board clamping face(Clamped width)Structure wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, is enabled to A piece plug of the foot in material feeding box reliably can be fallen between push pedal and clamping plate.Clamp falling for board clamping face upper end Angle more causes plug smoothly to slip between clamping plate and push pedal.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, it also includes being arranged on rebound movably forward and backward Clamped width adjustable plate, turnover panel upset be connected on clamped width adjustable plate.In order to adapt to the plug of different in width, clamping plate Distance between clamping face and push pedal pushing surface(Clamped width)Will can adjust, therefore, turnover panel by clamped width adjustable plate company It is connected on rebound, so by adjusting front and back position of the clamped width adjustable plate relative to rebound, so that it may change and clamp width Degree.
Plug groove grinding equipment that above-mentioned grooved position is adjustable, plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position is adjustable, it is special Levying is:Clamping plate has two, is arranged along the axis of plug.Two clamping plates, have accomplished the reliable location to plug.
Brief description of the drawings Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position;Fig. 2 is that grooved position is adjustable Another stereogram of plug groove grinding equipment;Fig. 3 is the stereogram of upper grinding mechanism etc.;Fig. 4 is upper grinding mechanism etc. Plan;Fig. 5 is the stereogram of vertical guide groove;Fig. 6 is the side view of vertical guide groove;Fig. 7 is another of vertical guide groove Stereogram;Fig. 8 is the stereogram of clamp system, gravity turning device etc.;Fig. 9 is clamp system, gravity turning device etc. Another stereogram;Figure 10 is the stereogram of upper hold-down mechanism;Figure 11 is the plug schematic diagram after processing;Figure 12 is charging When push pedal, workbench etc. stereogram;Another stereogram of push pedal, workbench etc. when Figure 13 is charging;Figure 14 is charging When material feeding box, upper hold-down mechanism etc. stereogram;The plan such as push pedal, clamp system when Figure 15 is charging;Figure 16 is charging When material feeding box, clamp system etc. stereogram;The stereogram of material feeding box, workbench etc. when Figure 17 is charging;Figure 18 is grinding When side compression mechanism, workbench etc. stereogram;The plan such as clamp system when Figure 19 is grinding;Figure 20 is clamped when being grinding The stereogram of mechanism, gravity turning device etc.;The stereogram of side compression mechanism, upper hold-down mechanism etc. when Figure 21 is grinding;Figure 22 be the schematic diagram that upper left emery wheel etc. is ground to plug when being ground;Figure 23 is the plan of discharging front clamp mechanism etc. after being ground; Figure 24 is the stereogram of discharging front clamp mechanism etc. after being ground(Remove workbench, the rebound of side, clamped width adjustable plate Deng);Figure 25 is the stereogram of discharging front side hold-down mechanism etc. after being ground;The plan of clamp system etc. when Figure 26 is discharging; The stereogram of clamp system etc. when Figure 27 is discharging(Remove workbench, the rebound of side, clamped width adjustable plate etc.);Figure 28 be the stereogram of push pedal, workbench etc. when discharging.
Embodiment
Plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position shown in Figure 1 is adjustable, including fuselage 1, material feeding box 2, upper milling drum Structure 3, lower grinding mechanism 4, feeding mechanism 5, upper hold-down mechanism 6, side compression mechanism 7, clamp system 8, gravity turning device 9.
Fuselage 1 is the basis of whole equipment, including workbench, footpost, upper pillar stand, lower pillar stand, entablature, sill etc.. Four support works platforms 101 of footpost 102, workbench top is fixed with four upper pillar stands 103, entablature 104 and four upper pillar stands Upper end be fixedly linked.Have below workbench and be fixed with four on the platen 105 being fixed on four footposts, platen 105 Lower pillar stand 106, the lower end of sill 107 and four upper pillar stands is fixedly linked.
Material feeding box includes the two vertical guide grooves 200 of the two ends of plug 10 position in the inner.The vertical guide groove is main by side block Plate 201, front apron 202 and rear baffle 203 are surrounded.Front apron is parallel with rear baffle, and side shield is vertical with front apron, side shield, And table vertical, bottom slide plate is parallel with workbench, and sideskid is parallel with side shield for front apron and rear baffle.The bottom of side shield Portion is connected with bottom slide plate, and the strip hole 110 of left and right directions extension, wing bolt are provided with the table(It is not shown)Through strip Hole coordinates with the screw 206 on the slide plate of bottom(Certainly, if being provided with the strip hole of left and right directions extension, butterfly spiral shell on the slide plate of bottom Bolt coordinates through the screw on strip hole and workbench also completely can be with).
Discharging opening 207 is located between front apron root edge and worktable upper surface.Front apron is connected with sideskid, in sideskid On be provided with above-below direction extension mounting hole 208;The mounting hole 209 of fore-and-aft direction extension, wing bolt are provided with side shield 210 coordinate through two mounting holes with nut 211.
In order to adapt to the plug of different in width, material feeding box is in fore-and-aft direction(It is vertical with plug axis direction)Width want energy Enough regulations;In order to adapt to the plug of different-thickness, the height of discharging opening be able to will be adjusted.Therefore, the material feeding box of the structure, passes through Fore-and-aft direction moves front apron, can change the distance between front apron and rear baffle, that is to say, that material feeding box is in fore-and-aft direction (It is vertical with plug axis direction)Width will be able to change;Front apron is moved by above-below direction, front apron root edge can be changed The distance between with worktable upper surface, that is to say, that the height of discharging opening be able to will change.In order to adapt to the core of different length Rod, length of the material feeding box on plug axis direction be able to will be adjusted.By the right position for adjusting side shield, you can change position In the distance between two side shields at plug two ends, that is to say, that length of the material feeding box on plug axis direction can change Become.
Upper grinding mechanism 3 and lower grinding mechanism 4 are symmetrical above and below with a horizontal plane, and the horizontal plane passes through positioned at workbench upper table The axis of plug 10 on face.Now illustrated exemplified by main above grinding mechanism.
Upper grinding mechanism has two:Left grinding mechanism 301, right grinding mechanism 302.Left grinding mechanism include left motor 303, The upper left emery wheel 304 on left motor shaft set.Right grinding mechanism includes two on right motor 305, the right motor shaft set Upper right emery wheel 306.Upper left emery wheel 304, upper right emery wheel 306 are arranged on the direction parallel to plug axis.
Upper box 307 is arranged on entablature 104 by what guide pillar guide sleeve structure was slided up and down, and entablature 104 is located at upper The top of casing 307.On entablature rotate set on elevating screw 308, with upper elevating screw coordinate upper lifting slider 309 with Upper box is connected.In guide pillar guide sleeve structure, guide pillar 310 is fixed on entablature, is fixed on guide pin bushing 311 and guide pillar on upper box Coordinate.
Upper left guide rail 312, the upper right guide rail 313 of plug axis are arranged parallel in the left and right sides of upper box bottom, it is left The base of motor 303, the base of right motor 305 are slidably arranged in upper left guide rail, on upper right guide rail respectively.Upper left translation leading screw 314, the right side Upper translation leading screw 315 is rotatably arranged on upper box, and upper left translator slider 316 and the left motor that leading screw coordinates are translated with upper left 303 bases are fixedly linked, and the upper right translator slider 317 for translating leading screw cooperation with upper right is fixedly linked with the right base of motor 305.
The neck 114 of above-below direction extension is provided with four upper pillar stands, four fixed knobs 115 pass through neck and top box Front and rear box plate on body is connected with nut.After upper box is moved to correct position, the knob that is tightened can be upper box Relatively reliable is fixed on upper pillar stand.
Lower box 407 in lower grinding mechanism is arranged on sill 107 by what guide pillar guide sleeve structure was slided up and down, under Crossbeam is located at the bottom of lower box.The neck 116 of above-below direction extension, four fixed knobs 117 are provided with four lower pillar stands It is connected through the front and rear box plate on neck and lower box 407 with nut.After lower box is moved to correct position, it is tightened Knob 117 can be fixed on lower pillar stand lower box is relatively reliable.Other structures in lower grinding mechanism, such as lower-left sand Wheel, bottom right emery wheel etc. are similar with upper grinding mechanism, no longer describe.
For convenience in regulation(Under)It is upper that emery wheel is ground out on workpiece(Under)The right position of groove, also for adaptation The workpiece of different length, on(Under)Grinding mechanism movably can be set on fuselage.By upper(Under)Translate leading screw and upper (Under)Translator slider coordinate screw mandrel slide block mechanism and on(Under)In guide rail, rotation(Under)Translation leading screw can drive(Under)It is flat Sliding block movement is moved, on(Under)Translator slider just drives(Under)Grinding mechanism is along upper(Under)Guide rail or so is steadily mobile.In order to In convenient regulation(Under)Grinding depth of the emery wheel to workpiece(It is upper on workpiece(Under)Gash depth), also for adaptation different-thickness Workpiece, on(Under)Grinding mechanism passes through upper(Under)Casing can be on the setting fuselage of oscilaltion.So, on(Under)Above and below casing It is mobile, just drive(Under)Guide rail, on(Under)Translate leading screw, on(Under)Grinding mechanism etc. is moved up and down.On two(Under)Grinding Emery wheel in mechanism is ground to plug simultaneously, and two can be ground simultaneously(Group)On(Under)Groove, processing efficiency is higher.
Feeding mechanism includes push pedal 501, oil cylinder(Push pedal drive mechanism)502.The width in the lateral direction of push pedal is small In the distance between upper left emery wheel 304 and upper right emery wheel 306, to prevent upper left emery wheel 304 is ground to upper right emery wheel 306 from pushing away Plate;Also the small spacing between two vertical guide grooves 200, to enable push pedal to pass through between two vertical guide grooves 200.Push away The thickness of plate is not more than the thickness of plug, to cause top board when pushing, can push down plug.In worktable upper surface Push pedal 501 be connected with the piston rod of oil cylinder, in the presence of oil cylinder, the anterior push pedal pushing surface 503 of push pedal with core rod touch simultaneously Plug is promoted in the front and back upward sliding perpendicular to plug axis.
Upper hold-down mechanism has top board 601 parallel with worktable upper surface, above workbench, in plug Axial direction(Left and right directions)On top board width be less than the length of plug 10, certainly again smaller than upper left emery wheel 304 and upper right sand Wheel the distance between 306.
There is pressure guide plate 602 on acclivitous in one end of top board towards material feeding box, to cause the plug of translation Smoothly enter under the guiding of upper pressure guide plate between top board lower surface and worktable upper surface.Upper compression adjustable plate 605 is consolidated Surely there are two pieces of straight panels(It can be regarded as compressing a part for adjustable plate)606, two risers are provided with the bottom of upper box 603, wing bolt 607 passes through the elongated hole 604 extended up and down opened on riser 603 and straight panel and coordinated with nut 608(When So, coordinate through the elongated hole extended up and down and riser opened in straight panel with nut 608 also completely can be with for wing bolt 607).
Top board guide pillar 609 is fixed with top board top, top board guide pillar slides up and down cooperation with upper compression adjustable plate, Upper pressing spring 610 is around top board guide pillar and positioned between top board and upper compression adjustable plate, and upper pressing spring causes in normality Top board is in the state for being downwardly away from and compressing adjustable plate.So, the plug translated on the table under push pedal horizontal sliding It will be pressed between top board and workbench.Top board guide pillar is compressed above and below adjustable plate relative to upper together with top board Float, the cooperation of top board guide pillar and upper compression adjustable plate plays guide effect to moving up and down for top board guide pillar.
In order to prevent plug under the promotion of push pedal, especially for preventing that plug leaves workbench when plug is ground (Swung in above-below direction)And it is provided with upper hold-down mechanism.By top board plug can be clamped in top board and workbench it Between.The upper and lower sides of plug are further protected due to having the limitation of top board and workbench so plug can not be swung in above-below direction Machining accuracy is demonstrate,proved.The height of top board is adjusted for convenience, to adapt to the plug of different-thickness and can change top board pair The thrust of plug, top board is arranged on compression adjustable plate, by compressing position of the adjustable plate relative to fuselage in regulation, The height of top board can be changed.
Side compression mechanism mainly includes floating lateral pressure plate 701, side pressure backer plate 702, side pressure adjustable plate 703.
The chute 704 parallel to plug axis is provided with side pressure backer's plate, wing bolt 705 passes through chute 704 and work Make platform with nut to coordinate.The chute 706 parallel to plug axis is provided with side pressure adjustable plate, wing bolt 707 passes through chute 706 and workbench and nut coordinate.
It is fixed with side guide guide pillar 708 on floating lateral pressure plate, side guide guide pillar and side pressure adjustable plate horizontally slip cooperation, Side pressure spring 709 is around side guide guide pillar and positioned between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure adjustable plate.Cause during side pressure spring normality Floating lateral pressure plate is in the state away from side pressure adjustable plate, so as to the core translated on the table under push pedal horizontal sliding Rod is pressed between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer's plate.Side guide guide pillar is adjusted relative to side pressure together with floating lateral pressure plate Plate is moved left and right, the cooperation of side guide guide pillar and side pressure adjustable plate, and guide effect is played to moving left and right for side guide guide pillar.
There is outward-dipping side pressure guide plate 710 in one end of floating lateral pressure plate towards material feeding box, to cause translation Plug smoothly enters between floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer's plate under the guiding of side pressure guide plate.
In order to prevent plug under the promotion of push pedal, especially for preventing when plug is ground, plug is left along axis Move right and be provided with side compression mechanism.Plug is clamped in floating lateral pressure plate by floating lateral pressure plate and leaned on side pressure by side pressure spring Between the plate of mountain.The left and right sides of plug is due to having the limitation of floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer's plate so plug can not be in right and left To swing, machining accuracy is further ensured.Side pressure backer plate, the position of floating lateral pressure plate are adjusted for convenience, to adapt to not With length plug and the thrust of floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer plate to plug can be changed, side pressure backer's plate is moved left and right Ground is set on the table;Floating lateral pressure plate is set on the table, by changing side pressure adjustable plate phase by side pressure adjustable plate It can change floating lateral pressure plate relative to workbench and relative to the position of side pressure backer's plate for the position of workbench.
Clamp system mainly includes rebound 801, clamped width adjustable plate 804, pivot 806, turnover panel 808, clamping plate 809, limited block 810, roller 814, under turn over spigot surface 815 etc..
The two clamping board slots 111 extended along push pedal moving direction are provided with the table, are fixed on push pedal bottom Two rebounds 801 are separately down through clamping board slot 111.Each rebound 801 is respectively clamped wide by following structures with one Degree adjustable plate 804 is connected:Wing bolt 802 passes through the elongated slot 803 and clamped width of being opened front and rear extension on rebound to adjust Section plate 804 coordinates with nut 805(It is of course also possible to which wing bolt prolongs through before and after being opened on clamped width adjustable plate The elongated slot and rebound stretched coordinate with nut).
The two ends of pivot 806 are fixed on two relative clamped width adjustable plates 804.It is rotatably arranged on the bearing of pivot The rear portion of seat 807 and turnover panel 808 is fixedly linked, and the front portion of turnover panel is fixed with two and extends upward into the clamping clamped in board slot Plate 809, axis arrangement of two clamping plates 809 along plug.Two clamping plates, have accomplished the reliable location to plug.Turnover panel It can be swung up and down around pivot relative to clamped width adjustable plate.In the front bottom end of clamped width adjustable plate, restricted turn over is set Plate is flipped up the limited block 810 of extreme position, and when turnover panel is flipped up to when being contacted with limited block, clamping plate is upward through Clamp board slot and protrude from worktable upper surface, and the front of the push pedal pushing surface positioned at push pedal promotion plug movement, now clamp Board clamping face 811 is with vertical push pedal pushing surface 513 into 2 ° of -4 ° of angles, and push pedal pushing surface is with clamping the distance between board clamping face(Folder Tight width)It is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, Breadth Maximum > plug width G T.GT.GT push pedals pushing surfaces and folder between push pedal pushing surface and clamping board clamping face Minimum widith between tight board clamping face, and clamp the upper end in board clamping face there is chamfering 812.When turnover panel is downwardly turned over, Clamping plate can move down and be less than worktable upper surface.Former and later two guide blocks 813 are fixed with each rebound.
The blanking swash plate 112 connected in the anterior setting of workbench with workbench, sets in the lower end of blanking swash plate and uses In the blanking funnel 113 being oriented to plug.Roller 814 is set in workbench forward lower part, turns over and leads under being set on turnover panel To face 815;After push pedal promotes forward plug translation to depart from upper emery wheel and lower grinding wheel, under turn over spigot surface and contacted with roller, push pedal Continue move forward when, turnover panel is downwardly turned in the presence of roller so that the upper end of clamping plate be not above worktable upper surface and Blanking swash plate upper surface, the plug promoted by push pedal is located on the blanking swash plate that connects with workbench so that plug can be along Blanking swash plate freely slides, and then enters in blanking funnel.
Cause turnover panel is flipped up to the rollover states holding meanss contacted with limited block to be gravity turning device during normality 9, the gravity turning device mainly includes two ropes 901, two counterweights 902, counterweight lifting guide plates 903.Counterweight lifting is led Plate is fixed on the rear portion of workbench, and the slideway 904 extended up and down is provided with thereon, and the sliding pin 906 being connected in two counterweights is passed through Slideway.Two directive wheels 905 are rotatably arranged on counterweight lifting guide plate top.One end connection counterweight of every rope, the other end around Cross directive wheel, further along pass through two guide blocks after be connected with a clamping plate.During normality, counterweight pulls turnover panel and folder by rope Tight plate is flipped up around pivot so that turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block.When push pedal under the promotion of oil cylinder to reach When dynamic, rebound, clamped width adjustable plate, turnover panel, clamping plate etc. are moved forward with push pedal together, and certain rope just pulls counterweight Along in slideway upward sliding.When push pedal is reversely moved rearwards by, counterweight natural downslide under gravity.
Certainly, also completely can be with if gravity turning device 9 is replaced with turnover spring.It can derive, turnover spring It can be the spring being arranged between clamped width adjustable plate and turnover panel or be arranged on clamped width adjustable plate and clamping plate Between spring, or even may also be the spring being arranged between rebound or push pedal and clamping plate or turnover panel.
This patent uses wing bolt, can be with the relative position of two parts of quick and convenient regulation.
The course of work of this equipment.Charging:Stacked above and below many unprocessed oblate, pancakes or rectangle plug It is placed in material feeding box, the two ends of every plug are extend into two vertical guide grooves.A plug of foot exists in material feeding box Slid under gravity to workbench downwards.Now, turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block, clamping plate in the presence of counterweight Clamp towards 2 ° -4 ° of top rake(With 2 ° -4 ° of the angle of vertical plane), slide to one of foot in the material feeding box on workbench Plug is placed exactly between clamping board clamping face and vertical push pedal pushing surface, and plug is positioned clamping in fore-and-aft direction.
Grinding:Then cylinder action, push pedal reach, forward promote the plug slid on the table so that the plug Come out from the discharging opening between material feeding box bottom and worktable upper surface.With the movement of push pedal, plug by push pedal promote and Translated up in worktable upper surface perpendicular to the side of plug axis.Plug is pressed downwards in progress in upper leading for guide plate of pressure Pressing plate bottom, is clamped between top board and workbench in above-below direction;Plug enters under the guiding side pressure of side pressure guide plate Between row floating lateral pressure plate and side pressure backer's plate, it is clamped in left and right directions.When plug is preceding pushed away by upper grinding mechanism transfer When the lower-left emery wheel that is rotated in dynamic upper left emery wheel, the bottom of upper right emery wheel, lower grinding mechanism, bottom right emery wheel, i.e., on plug Portion is ground out groove 1001, is ground out lower groove 1002 to plug bottom.
Discharging:Upper groove and lower groove are processed finish after, moved forward with the continuation of push pedal, the plug processed is preceding pushed away And from the underface of upper left emery wheel, upper right emery wheel(The surface of lower-left emery wheel, bottom right emery wheel)Leave.Then push pedal continues forward Promote, on turnover panel under turn over spigot surface and contacted with roller, roller causes turnover panel to start to downwardly turn over, and the upper end of clamping plate is with turning over Downwardly turning over for plate and gradually reduce.The distance of push pedal reach is bigger, and turnover panel is bigger around the angle that pivot is downwardly turned over, and clamps Plate upper end is lower.When plug is pushed to upper blanking swash plate upper end from workbench, clamping plate upper end is substantially lower than on workbench Surface and blanking swash plate upper surface so that the plug of completion of processing can slip into blanking funnel along blanking swash plate automatically.
Backhaul:Oil cylinder drives push pedal to be reversely moved rearwards by, turnover panel and under turn over spigot surface etc. and be also moved rearwards by, under turn over spigot surface Gradually depart from roller, turnover panel is gradually flipped up under counterweight pulling around pivot, and work is gradually exposed in clamping plate upper end upwards Platform.When roller turns over spigot surface with no longer to be contacted, turnover panel is in the state contacted with limited block, and clamping plate upper end is revealed completely Go out workbench, clamp the position that board clamping face tilts 2 ° -4 ° forwardly.Until push pedal retracts to material feeding box bottom, push pedal is pushed away Gap between face and clamping board clamping face(Clamped width)Gap between the front apron and rear baffle of material feeding box(Material feeding box In forward direction width)When relative up and down, a unprocessed plug of foot is just fallen on workbench in material feeding box, is gone forward side by side Enter between push pedal pushing surface and clamping board clamping face, push pedal stops retreating, and completes one-stop operation.
So groove grinding can be completed to core one by one by charging, grinding, discharging, moving in circles for backhaul.
In this patent, material feeding box uses vertical in line structure, and plug is stacked into a row from bottom to top in it.Push pedal is promoted The plug of material feeding box bottom most next is after discharge outlet release;Remaining plug is accumulated due to deadweight, is all pressed in push pedal, Material feeding box will not be carried over.This equipment realizes the automatic grinding of hammer handle plug, and material feeding box height and width are adjustable, side compression position Put adjustable with side pressure clamp force;Upper compacted position and upper thrust are adjustable, and abrasive grinding wheel quantity and position are adjustable, are suitable for different rule The plug processing of lattice.

Claims (6)

1. plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position is adjustable, the upper groove for being ground oblate, pancake or rectangle plug And lower groove, including the fuselage with workbench, material feeding box, feeding mechanism, upper grinding mechanism, lower grinding mechanism, it is characterized in that:
Material feeding box:For placing the plug stacked, the top of workbench, material feeding box bottom and worktable upper surface are placed on vertically Between form the discharging opening for being only capable of allowing plug to pass in and out;The plug stacked being capable of free skating in sequence in material feeding box Fall;
Upper grinding mechanism:It is ground for the top to plug, the upper emery wheel driving machine with upper emery wheel and the upper emery wheel of driving Structure;Above workbench;
Lower grinding mechanism:It is ground for the bottom to plug, the lower grinding wheel driving machine with lower grinding wheel and driving lower grinding wheel Structure;Below workbench;The top edge of lower grinding wheel passes through and opens emery wheel groove on the table and protrude from workbench upper table Face;
Feeding mechanism:With the push pedal being slidably arranged in worktable upper surface, the push pedal driving machine for driving push pedal to move back and forth Structure;Push pedal can come out a plug of foot in material feeding box from discharging opening horizontal sliding on the direction perpendicular to plug axis And it is pushed into bottom, the top of lower grinding wheel of upper emery wheel;
Upper box is arranged on fuselage by what guide pillar guide sleeve structure was slided up and down, is rotated on fuselage and is set elevating screw, The upper lifting slider coordinated with upper elevating screw is connected with upper box;Upper rail, upper translation leading screw parallel to plug axis are set Put on upper box;Upper grinding mechanism is slidably arranged on upper rail;The upper translator slider coordinated with upper translation leading screw and upper mill Mechanism is cut to be connected;
The clamping board slot extended along push pedal moving direction is provided with the table, and the rebound for being fixed on push pedal bottom is worn downwards Clamping board slot is crossed, turnover panel upset is connected to rebound bottom, and clamping plate is fixed on turnover panel;Set on rebound restricted Turnover panel is flipped up the limited block of extreme position, and when turnover panel is flipped up to when being contacted with limited block, clamping plate is upward through Clamp board slot and protrude from worktable upper surface, and the front of the pushing surface positioned at push pedal promotion plug movement, now relative pushes away Plate pushing surface is parallel to each other with clamping board clamping face, and width of the distance equal to plug between the two;When turnover panel is downwardly turned over, Clamping plate can move down and be less than worktable upper surface;So that turnover panel is turned over upwards when being provided with normality between turnover panel and push pedal Go to the rollover states holding meanss contacted with limited block;
Clamping plate has two, is arranged along the axis of plug;
Plug groove grinding equipment that this grooved position is adjustable also includes that the clamped width on rebound can be arranged on movably forward and backward Adjustable plate, turnover panel upset is connected on clamped width adjustable plate.
2. the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:Rollover states holding meanss For gravity turning device, the gravity turning device include rope and can oscilaltion counterweight, the two ends of rope are connected respectively Turnover panel and counterweight, counterweight pull turnover panel to be flipped up by rope.
3. the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:Set in workbench bottom Roller, spigot surface is turned under being set on turnover panel;The set location of roller is met:When push pedal promotes forward plug translation to depart from upper sand Wheel and during lower grinding wheel, under turn over spigot surface and contacted with roller, when push pedal continues reach, turnover panel is downwardly turned in the presence of roller, So that clamping plate is less than worktable upper surface.
4. the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that:Set in the front portion of workbench The blanking swash plate connected with workbench is put, the position that blanking swash plate connects with workbench is met:When turnover panel is in the presence of roller Downwardly turn over, when clamping plate is less than worktable upper surface and blanking swash plate upper surface, the plug promoted by push pedal is located at and work On the blanking swash plate that platform connects so that plug can freely slide along blanking swash plate.
5. the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that:In the low side of blanking swash plate Place is provided for the blanking funnel being oriented to plug.
6. the adjustable plug groove grinding equipment of grooved position as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that:When turnover panel be flipped up to When being contacted with limited block, board clamping face is clamped with vertical push pedal pushing surface into 1 ° of -5 ° of angle, push pedal pushing surface is with clamping board clamping face The distance between it is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom, push pedal pushing surface and clamp Breadth Maximum > plug width G T.GT.GT push pedals pushing surfaces between board clamping face with Clamp the minimum widith between board clamping face.
CN201510159326.3A 2015-04-06 2015-04-06 Plug groove grinding equipment that grooved position is adjustable CN104772677B (en)

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CN104772677B true CN104772677B (en) 2017-09-05

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CN204160292U (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-02-18 章云进 A kind of notch grinder
CN204546178U (en) * 2015-04-06 2015-08-12 南京林恒机械制造有限公司 Grooved position is adjustable plug groove grinding equipment

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102218689A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-19 苏州领航自动化科技有限公司 Recessing machine
CN102328238A (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-01-25 天津市中马骏腾精密机械制造有限公司 Automatic feeding and clamping device for double-head automatic chamfering machine
CN202780767U (en) * 2012-08-26 2013-03-13 大连事事达数控机械科技有限公司 Metal word slotting machine for slotting by adopting angle grinder
CN203679981U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-07-02 中山市锋凡机械设备有限公司 Sanding equipment for furniture parts
CN104209838A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-17 镇江市丹徒区甬润工具有限公司 Groove grinding machine for automatically correcting screw tap
CN204160292U (en) * 2014-09-16 2015-02-18 章云进 A kind of notch grinder
CN204546178U (en) * 2015-04-06 2015-08-12 南京林恒机械制造有限公司 Grooved position is adjustable plug groove grinding equipment

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