CN104770186A - Organic planting process for strawberries - Google Patents

Organic planting process for strawberries Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104770186A
CN104770186A CN201510193167.9A CN201510193167A CN104770186A CN 104770186 A CN104770186 A CN 104770186A CN 201510193167 A CN201510193167 A CN 201510193167A CN 104770186 A CN104770186 A CN 104770186A
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China
Prior art keywords
strawberry
planting
organic
strawberries
soil
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Pending
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CN201510193167.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴迪
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吴迪
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Priority to CN201510193167.9A priority Critical patent/CN104770186A/en
Publication of CN104770186A publication Critical patent/CN104770186A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an organic planting process for strawberries. The organic planting process comprises the steps of field selection, seedling cultivation, adequate base fertilizer applying, fine furrowing, detoxificated strawberry seedlings, planted management, reasonable topdressing, insect disease prevention and timely harvesting; the strawberries are harvested when 80-90% of strawberries are in red; the planting method is reasonable and scientific, the insect disease prevention effect on strawberry planting is significant, and the yield of the strawberries can be significantly improved; furthermore, because an organic fertilizer is used, the taste and fragrance of the strawberries can be improved, the cost can be saved, and the healthy development of a strawberry planting industry can be ensured.

Description

A kind of strawberry organic grow technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting technical field, especially a kind of strawberry organic grow technique.
Background technology
China is the country that strawberry wild resource is the abundantest in the world, starts very early to utilize fraises des bois, and follows so far always.The nutrition-allocated proportion of strawberry is quite reasonable, and wherein ascorbic content is about 10 times of the watermelon of equivalent, grape or apple, is rich in iron, fructose, glucose, citric acid, malic acid etc. in addition in strawberry.Strawberry, for old man, child and body void person, is the good merchantable brand of nourishing.For the cough with lung heat easily occurred spring, have a sore throat, long fiery furuncle etc., the nutritive element contained in strawberry can play the effect of supplemental treatment.
In recent years, occur in strawberry production that output reduces, deformed fruit, go on the market slower; degradation trend under economic benefit, its main cause is lack strawberry high quality seedling production technology on the one hand, causes the disease certain kind of berries to accumulate serious; make strawberry original kind of sexual involution, quality and yield significantly declines; Be on the other hand that planting type comparatively backwardness covered a roof with straw by yellow grass, lack the efficiency cultivation technology for high of forcing culture listing ahead of time, thus the planting benefit of the person that makes strawberry cultivating declines.
In view of the foregoing, a kind of strawberry organic grow technique is now developed.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art, a kind of strawberry organic grow technique is provided, until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 80-90% is red, the reasonable science of implantation methods, to strawberry cultivating prevention and elimination of disease and pests Be very effective, significantly can increase the output of strawberry, due to manure use, strawberry mouthfeel and strawberry aroma can be improved, provide cost savings, in turn ensure that the sound development of strawberry cultivating industry.
The present invention to achieve these goals, adopts following technical scheme: a kind of strawberry organic grow technique,
Ground, garden is selected: select physical features higher, ground even, the soil is porous, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and illumination is good, organic abundant loam or sandy loam plantation;
Cultivate seedling: at the end of 03 month, at the beginning of 4 months, build nursery field;
Use sufficient base manure: will thoroughly weed a garden before transplanting, carefully use sufficient base manure wholely, increase fertility of land, to meet the requirement of whole growth cycle to nutrient;
Meticulously do furrow: August head, the bedding of whole ground, bedding is meticulous, and accomplish furrow face, the furrow ridge is straight, soil is in small, broken bits smooth, heavy real soil;
Strawberry Seedlings: transplant Strawberry Seedlings, avoid exposure in sunshine, by concordant with ground for rice shoot collar portion, the back of a bow outwards reaches and deeply do not bury the heart, shallow not crab rooting, and allows root system fully trail;
Management after planting: water in time after cultivation, extracts Lao Ye, Huang Ye, sick leaf and the new Portugal's volt stem extracted out, keeps soil moisture, before the winter, carry out plastic mulching cold-proof, germinate, remove rupture of membranes and carry seedling during rice shoot in early spring in order to spring;
Rationally topdress: just the flowers are in blossom begins to add organic manure, and places honeybee and pollinate, through honey bees pollination, strawberry fruit shape is neat, uniform coloring, surface color are red gorgeous;
Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: use clear water to soak tealeaves 12 ~ 24 hours, then night 9 point ~ 10 infusion of tea liquid is sprayed to planting site, within every 15 ~ 20 days, spray once, once find the young plant of disease or insect pest in planting process, uproop immediately and burn process;
Timely collecting: until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 75 ~ 90% is red.
The assembly percentage by weight of described base manure is: any one or a few the mixture 70-80% in the barnyard manure of pig, ox, horse, sheep, chicken, native 20-30%, and above each component by weight ratio sum is 100%.
The assembly percentage by weight of described farm organic fertilizer is: compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 20-30%, diammonium phosphate 10-20%, carbon ammonium 15-30%, potassium chloride 10-20%, zinc sulphate 3-9%, above each component by weight ratio sum are 100%.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention selects with adopting garden, cultivate seedling, use sufficient base manure, meticulously do furrow, virus-free strawberry seedling, plant after manage, rationally topdress, prevention and elimination of disease and pests, timely collecting: until harvesting when the strawberry fruit of 80-90% is red, the reasonable science of implantation methods, to strawberry cultivating prevention and elimination of disease and pests Be very effective, significantly can increase the output of strawberry, due to manure use, strawberry mouthfeel and strawberry aroma can be improved, provide cost savings, in turn ensure that the sound development of strawberry cultivating industry.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment 1
Ground, garden is selected: select physical features higher, ground even, the soil is porous, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and illumination is good, organic abundant loam or sandy loam plantation;
Cultivate seedling: at the end of 03 month, at the beginning of 4 months, build nursery field;
Use sufficient base manure: will thoroughly weed a garden before transplanting, carefully use sufficient base manure wholely, increase fertility of land, to meet the requirement of whole growth cycle to nutrient;
Meticulously do furrow: August head, the bedding of whole ground, bedding is meticulous, and accomplish furrow face, the furrow ridge is straight, soil is in small, broken bits smooth, heavy real soil;
Strawberry Seedlings: transplant Strawberry Seedlings, avoid exposure in sunshine, by concordant with ground for rice shoot collar portion, the back of a bow outwards reaches and deeply do not bury the heart, shallow not crab rooting, and allows root system fully trail;
Management after planting: water in time after cultivation, extracts Lao Ye, Huang Ye, sick leaf and the new Portugal's volt stem extracted out, keeps soil moisture, before the winter, carry out plastic mulching cold-proof, germinate, remove rupture of membranes and carry seedling during rice shoot in early spring in order to spring;
Rationally topdress: just the flowers are in blossom begins to add organic manure, and places honeybee and pollinate, through honey bees pollination, strawberry fruit shape is neat, uniform coloring, surface color are red gorgeous;
Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: use clear water to soak tealeaves 12 ~ 24 hours, then night 9 point ~ 10 infusion of tea liquid is sprayed to planting site, within every 15 ~ 20 days, spray once, once find the young plant of disease or insect pest in planting process, uproop immediately and burn process;
Timely collecting: until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 75 ~ 90% is red.
Embodiment 2
The assembly percentage by weight of described base manure is: any one or a few the mixture 70-80% in the barnyard manure of pig, ox, horse, sheep, chicken, native 20-30%, and above each component by weight ratio sum is 100%.
Embodiment 3
The assembly percentage by weight of described farm organic fertilizer is: compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 20-30%, diammonium phosphate 10-20%, carbon ammonium 15-30%, potassium chloride 10-20%, zinc sulphate 3-9%, above each component by weight ratio sum are 100%.

Claims (3)

1. a strawberry organic grow technique, is characterized in that:
Ground, garden is selected: select physical features higher, ground even, the soil is porous, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and illumination is good, organic abundant loam or sandy loam plantation;
Cultivate seedling: at the end of 03 month, at the beginning of 4 months, build nursery field;
Use sufficient base manure: will thoroughly weed a garden before transplanting, carefully use sufficient base manure wholely, increase fertility of land, to meet the requirement of whole growth cycle to nutrient;
Meticulously do furrow: August head, the bedding of whole ground, bedding is meticulous, and accomplish furrow face, the furrow ridge is straight, soil is in small, broken bits smooth, heavy real soil;
Strawberry Seedlings: transplant Strawberry Seedlings, avoid exposure in sunshine, by concordant with ground for rice shoot collar portion, the back of a bow outwards reaches and deeply do not bury the heart, shallow not crab rooting, and allows root system fully trail;
Management after planting: water in time after cultivation, extracts Lao Ye, Huang Ye, sick leaf and the new Portugal's volt stem extracted out, keeps soil moisture, before the winter, carry out plastic mulching cold-proof, germinate, remove rupture of membranes and carry seedling during rice shoot in early spring in order to spring;
Rationally topdress: just the flowers are in blossom begins to add organic manure, and places honeybee and pollinate, through honey bees pollination, strawberry fruit shape is neat, uniform coloring, surface color are red gorgeous;
Prevention and elimination of disease and pests: use clear water to soak tealeaves 12 ~ 24 hours, then night 9 point ~ 10 infusion of tea liquid is sprayed to planting site, within every 15 ~ 20 days, spray once, once find the young plant of disease or insect pest in planting process, uproop immediately and burn process;
Timely collecting: until pluck when the strawberry fruit of 75 ~ 90% is red.
2. a kind of strawberry organic grow technique according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the assembly percentage by weight of described base manure is: any one or a few the mixture 70-80% in the barnyard manure of pig, ox, horse, sheep, chicken, soil 20-30%, above each component by weight ratio sum is 100%.
3. a kind of strawberry organic grow technique according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the assembly percentage by weight of described farm organic fertilizer is: compound potassium sulfate fertilizer 20-30%, diammonium phosphate 10-20%, carbon ammonium 15-30%, potassium chloride 10-20%, zinc sulphate 3-9%, above each component by weight ratio sum are 100%.
CN201510193167.9A 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Organic planting process for strawberries Pending CN104770186A (en)

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CN201510193167.9A CN104770186A (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Organic planting process for strawberries

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510193167.9A CN104770186A (en) 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 Organic planting process for strawberries

Publications (1)

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CN104770186A true CN104770186A (en) 2015-07-15

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409535A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 韦昱灵 Planting method for strawberries
CN105917954A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 霍山县新元生态农业有限公司 Strawberry planting method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550265A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-11 张进峰 Method for strawberry seedling breeding
CN102726179A (en) * 2011-04-13 2012-10-17 林光德 Cultivation method of red-color strawberries
CN103039248A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-04-17 霍邱县红土地蔬果种植专业合作社 Novel greenhouse strawberry culturing and planting method
CN103069991A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-01 国兴农现代农业发展股份有限公司 Cultivation method of pollution-free strawberries
CN103355088A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 韦中定 Strawberry cultivation method
CN103858643A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-18 耒阳市肥田仙岭种养专业合作社 Strawberry planting method
CN104025871A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 太仓市双健农机专业合作社 Organic growing method for coriander

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102726179A (en) * 2011-04-13 2012-10-17 林光德 Cultivation method of red-color strawberries
CN102550265A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-11 张进峰 Method for strawberry seedling breeding
CN103039248A (en) * 2013-01-08 2013-04-17 霍邱县红土地蔬果种植专业合作社 Novel greenhouse strawberry culturing and planting method
CN103069991A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-01 国兴农现代农业发展股份有限公司 Cultivation method of pollution-free strawberries
CN103355088A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-10-23 韦中定 Strawberry cultivation method
CN103858643A (en) * 2014-03-20 2014-06-18 耒阳市肥田仙岭种养专业合作社 Strawberry planting method
CN104025871A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-09-10 太仓市双健农机专业合作社 Organic growing method for coriander

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409535A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 韦昱灵 Planting method for strawberries
CN105917954A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-09-07 霍山县新元生态农业有限公司 Strawberry planting method

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Application publication date: 20150715