CN104760764A - Air conditioned storage technology of ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal materials of transplanted wild ginseng, wild ginseng, American ginseng and the like - Google Patents

Air conditioned storage technology of ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal materials of transplanted wild ginseng, wild ginseng, American ginseng and the like Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104760764A
CN104760764A CN201410007724.9A CN201410007724A CN104760764A CN 104760764 A CN104760764 A CN 104760764A CN 201410007724 A CN201410007724 A CN 201410007724A CN 104760764 A CN104760764 A CN 104760764A
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China
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ginseng
dry
air conditioned
products
traditional chinese
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CN201410007724.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓彬
郑旗
郭奇亮
张正周
李娟�
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邓彬
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Priority to CN201410007724.9A priority Critical patent/CN104760764A/en
Publication of CN104760764A publication Critical patent/CN104760764A/en

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Abstract

An air conditioned storage technology of ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal materials of transplanted wild ginseng, wild ginseng, American ginseng and the like comprises the following steps: (1) bagging, wherein the ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal materials are arranged in an air conditioned bag; (2), air distribution, wherein an air conditioned matching machine is used for preparing needed air conditioned ratio N2:(73-80) percent, O2:(0-2) percent, and CO2:(20-25) percent, and the ratio is the air volume ratio; (3) inflation, wherein an air conditioned packaging machine is used for carrying out inflation on bagged ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal material dry herbs; (4) packaging, an aluminum nail sealing machine is used for packaging the inflated dry ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal material products; (5) sterilization, wherein ultraviolet sterilization is carried out on the dry ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal material products contained in the air conditioned bag; and (5), storage, sterilized packaging products are conveyed to a dried warehouse to be stored. By means of the air conditioned storage technology, the storage period of dry ginseng class products like dry American ginseng products can be prolonged, meanwhile, the dry ginseng class products are prevented from being affected with damp and mildewing, volatile active ingredients are prevented from losing, and the dry ginseng products are prevented from being damaged by insects.

Description

The air conditioned storage technique of the ginseng such as a kind of Ginseng under Forest, wild ginseng, American Ginseng class Chinese medicine
Technical field:
The invention belongs to Chinese medicine storage technique field, be specifically related to the air conditioned storage technique of the ginseng class Chinese medicines such as a kind of Ginseng under Forest, wild ginseng, American Ginseng.
Background technology
The ginseng such as American Ginseng class storage period is vulnerable to insect pest, goes mouldy, brown stain, weathering, this will directly affect the yield and quality of American Ginseng etc., threatens the sustainable development of Panax Quinquefolium Industry.At present, method for the storage of American Ginseng dry product is main mainly with orthodox method, because American Ginseng dry product is based on bulk goods, be generally directly American Ginseng dry product is loaded transparent large plastic bag, be then placed on shady and cool dry place with rope tying, the advantage of the method be simple and convenient, only needs be loaded by plastic bags, shortcoming is: storage effect is limited, easily make moist and go mouldy, volatile effective component easily runs off, easy insect infestation.
In addition, according to the physicochemical property of the ginseng classes such as American Ginseng, following several storage practice is also had:
1, hygroscopic agent drying keeping method: put appropriate desiccant in the bottom of sealable cylinder, cylinder, box, as quick lime, charcoal, silica gel etc., makes Conservation environment dry.Again American Ginseng paper using is wrapped and puts into, covered and enclosed, can Anti-moth-eating, go mouldy, but should ensure that desiccant directly can not contact with American Ginseng.This kind of method process load is little, is difficult to commercial application.
2, routine preservation method: to the American Ginseng indeed parched, available plastic bag sealing, with isolated air, is put shady and cool place and is preserved.Infested American Ginseng should beat to remove worm's ovum, worm urine and polypide gently, then shines or 50 DEG C of bakings, to kill worm's ovum and polypide under putting sunlight.Note: store to be advisable about half a year.
3, deepfreeze method: this method needs American Ginseng to deposit in dry low-temperature cold store, makes American Ginseng be in the environment of low temperature, prevents from damaging by worms, goes mouldy, brown stain etc.This method needs to build freezer, and capital fund is large, and operation and maintenance cost is high.
4, gamma Rays sterilization technology: utilize the feature that gamma radiation bite is strong, within the scope of permissible radiation dosage, irradiates American Ginseng, effectively can kill the germ such as bacterium, mould in American Ginseng.The method is little to American Ginseng composition influence, simple to operate; But equipment investment is high, Maintenance Difficulty, gamma radiation has radiation effect to human body, is difficult to promote.
Controlled atmospheric packing technology is a kind of up-to-date technology grown up in recent years, and now for the preservation and freshness of fruits and vegetables, cold fresh meat, grain, medicinal material, the insect of the ginseng such as American Ginseng class Chinese medicine is to CO 2concentration sensitive, can suppress by the gas ratio of the storage space changing the ginseng class Chinese medicines such as American Ginseng and kill the insect in American Ginseng storage, prevented the ginseng class Chinese medicines such as American Ginseng from going mouldy by improvement pre-processing and technology of the package, and the nontoxic noresidue of controlled atmospheric packing technology, but still there is many shortcomings now in this technology: air-conditioned cold store equipment investment is large, system is numerous and diverse, drop into high, object is deposited to different, formulate different technical schemes, program is complicated, operation and maintenance cost is high, significantly limit the universal of this technology and application.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above that prior art exists, the invention provides the air conditioned storage technique of the ginseng class Chinese medicines such as a kind of Ginseng under Forest, wild ginseng, American Ginseng, the deficiencies in the prior art can be overcome, extend the storage period of the ginseng class dry products such as American Ginseng dry product, prevent from it from making moist going mouldy simultaneously, volatile effective component runs off, and avoid the insect infestations such as American Ginseng dry product.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
The air conditioned storage technique of one seed ginseng class Chinese medicine, comprises following steps:
(1) pack: class Chinese medicine dry product will be joined and load controlled atmosphere bag;
(2) distribution: with the controlled atmosphere ratio N required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (73-80) %, O 2: (0-2) %, CO 2: (20-25) %, this ratio is gas volume ratio;
(3) inflate: inflate with the ginseng class Chinese medicine dry product of gas-control packing device to pack;
(4) pack; With aluminium nail capper, completely charged ginseng class Chinese medicine dry product is packed;
(5) sterilization: the ginseng class Chinese medicine dry product loading controlled atmosphere bag is carried out ultraviolet sterilization;
(6) put in storage: the package after sterilization is transported to dry warehouse storage.
Preferably, in step (5), adopt 20W uviol lamp, 1 ± 0.1m distance irradiates 4 ~ 5min.
Preferably, this technique is for preserving Ginseng under Forest, wild ginseng, sun-dried ginseng, American Ginseng, Korean ginseng or red ginseng.
Preferably, in step (2), be N by the controlled atmosphere ratio required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (79 ± 1) %, O 2: (1 ± 0.5) %, CO 2: (20 ± 1) %.
The technique effect of the air conditioned storage technique of the ginseng such as Ginseng under Forest of the present invention, wild ginseng, American Ginseng class Chinese medicine is:
1, the storage Keeping life of the ginseng class dry products such as American Ginseng dry product is extended;
2, prevent from the ginseng class dry products such as American Ginseng from making moist in certain storage period to go mouldy;
3, delay volatile effective component to run off;
4, the ginseng class dry product insect infestations such as American Ginseng are avoided in certain storage period;
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Though the change schematic diagram of Fig. 1-moisture storage time.
Detailed description of the invention:
The air conditioned storage technique of the ginseng such as Ginseng under Forest of the present invention, wild ginseng, American Ginseng class Chinese medicine comprises following steps:
1. pack: the ginseng class dry products such as American Ginseng dry product are loaded controlled atmosphere bag;
2. distribution: with the controlled atmosphere ratio N required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (73-80) %, O 2: (0-2) %, CO 2: (20-25) %, this ratio is gas volume ratio;
3. inflate: with gas-control packing device, the ginseng class dry products such as the American Ginseng of pack are inflated;
4. pack; With aluminium nail capper, the ginseng class dry products such as completely charged American Ginseng are packed;
5. sterilization: the ginseng class dry products such as the American Ginseng dry product of loading controlled atmosphere bag are carried out ultraviolet sterilization, and adopt 20W uviol lamp, 1 ± 0.1m distance irradiates 4 ~ 5min, the error limit of wherein ± 0.1 expression distance;
6. put in storage: the package after sterilization is transported to dry warehouse storage
The air conditioned storage technique of the ginseng such as more preferred Ginseng under Forest, wild ginseng, American Ginseng class Chinese medicine comprises following steps:
1. pack: the dry product of the ginseng classes such as American Ginseng is loaded controlled atmosphere bag;
2. distribution: with the controlled atmosphere ratio N required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (79 ± 1) %, O 2: (1 ± 0.5) %, CO 2: (20 ± 1) %, wherein ± 1, ± 0.5 represent the error limit of gas volume;
3. inflate: with gas-control packing device, the ginseng class dry products such as the American Ginseng of pack are inflated;
4. pack; With aluminium nail capper, the ginseng class dry products such as completely charged American Ginseng are packed;
5. sterilization: ginseng class dry products such as loading the American Ginseng dry product of controlled atmosphere bag is carried out ultraviolet sterilization, adopts 20W uviol lamp, 1 ± 0.1m distance irradiates 4 ~ 5min;
6. put in storage: the package after sterilization is transported to dry warehouse storage.
Be further described in detail below in conjunction with the air conditioned storage technique of specific embodiment to ginseng class dry products such as American Ginseng dry products of the present invention.
A storage technology for American Ginseng dry product, comprises following steps:
1. pack: American Ginseng dry product is loaded controlled atmosphere bag;
2. distribution: with the controlled atmosphere ratio N required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (79 ± 1) %, O 2: (1 ± 0.5) %, CO 2: (20 ± 1) %];
3. inflate: inflate with the American Ginseng of gas-control packing device to pack;
4. pack; With aluminium nail capper, completely charged American Ginseng is packed;
5. sterilization: the American Ginseng dry product loading controlled atmosphere bag is carried out ultraviolet sterilization; (20W uviol lamp, 1 ± 0.1m distance irradiates 4 ~ 5min)
6. put in storage: the package after sterilization is transported to dry warehouse storage.
Storage effect contrast is as shown in the table::
Table 1. conventional pouch and controlled atmospheric packing American Ginseng infested, go mouldy, look becomes situation
Processing mode The infested time Mouldy time Look becomes the time Storage environment humiture
Conventional pouch 325 days 347 days 368 days 20℃~25℃、70%~90%
Controlled atmospheric packing Nothing in 540 days Nothing in 540 days Nothing in 540 days 20℃~25℃、70%~90%
Table 2. conventional pouch and controlled atmospheric packing American Ginseng water-cut variation situation
As can be seen from table 1, table 2 and accompanying drawing 1, adopt controlled atmospheric packing mode to preserve the ginseng class techniques such as American Ginseng under equal storage environmental condition, effectively can extend its shelf-life 2 ~ 3 times.Without worm, without mould, colourless change, and maintain its low-water-content well in 18 months.
What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention and unrestricted, although with reference to preferred embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to technical scheme of the present invention or equivalent replacement, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the air conditioned storage technique of a seed ginseng class Chinese medicine, is characterized in that, comprise following steps:
(1) pack: class Chinese medicine dry product will be joined and load controlled atmosphere bag;
(2) distribution: with the controlled atmosphere ratio N required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (73-80) %, O 2: (0-2) %, CO 2: (20-25) %, this ratio is gas volume ratio;
(3) inflate: inflate with the ginseng class Chinese medicine dry product of gas-control packing device to pack;
(4) pack; With aluminium nail capper, completely charged ginseng class Chinese medicine dry product is packed;
(5) sterilization: the ginseng class Chinese medicine dry product loading controlled atmosphere bag is carried out ultraviolet sterilization;
(6) put in storage: the package after sterilization is transported to dry warehouse storage.
2. air conditioned storage technique as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: in step (5), adopts 20W uviol lamp, and 1 ± 0.1m distance irradiates 4 ~ 5min.
3. air conditioned storage technique as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: this technique is for preserving Ginseng under Forest, wild ginseng, sun-dried ginseng, American Ginseng, Korean ginseng or red ginseng.
4. air conditioned storage technique as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: in step (2), is N by the controlled atmosphere ratio required for the preparation of controlled atmosphere proportioning machine 2: (79 ± 1) %, O 2: (1 ± 0.5) %, CO 2: (20 ± 1) %.
CN201410007724.9A 2014-01-08 2014-01-08 Air conditioned storage technology of ginseng class traditional Chinese medicinal materials of transplanted wild ginseng, wild ginseng, American ginseng and the like CN104760764A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109329275A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 江西致和堂中药饮片有限公司 A kind of prepared slices of Chinese crude drugs method for preserving

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1775047A (en) * 2005-11-30 2006-05-24 大连轻工业学院 Ginseng freezing-drying fresh-retaining method
CN101744030A (en) * 2008-12-11 2010-06-23 陕西理工学院 Ecology-simulated freshness-retaining method of ginseng and American ginseng
CN101766209A (en) * 2009-01-07 2010-07-07 乔维汉 Productive technology for preserving and processing fruits and vegetables
CN102362611A (en) * 2011-05-30 2012-02-29 大连渴望食品有限公司 Large cherry fresh-keeping technology
CN102697142A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-10-03 通化盛信保健品有限公司 Controlled atmosphere low-temperature preservation method for fresh ginseng
CN103238664A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-14 苏州农业职业技术学院 Air-conditioned preservative production technology of wild chickweed tender tip

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1775047A (en) * 2005-11-30 2006-05-24 大连轻工业学院 Ginseng freezing-drying fresh-retaining method
CN101744030A (en) * 2008-12-11 2010-06-23 陕西理工学院 Ecology-simulated freshness-retaining method of ginseng and American ginseng
CN101766209A (en) * 2009-01-07 2010-07-07 乔维汉 Productive technology for preserving and processing fruits and vegetables
CN102362611A (en) * 2011-05-30 2012-02-29 大连渴望食品有限公司 Large cherry fresh-keeping technology
CN102697142A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-10-03 通化盛信保健品有限公司 Controlled atmosphere low-temperature preservation method for fresh ginseng
CN103238664A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-08-14 苏州农业职业技术学院 Air-conditioned preservative production technology of wild chickweed tender tip

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109329275A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-02-15 江西致和堂中药饮片有限公司 A kind of prepared slices of Chinese crude drugs method for preserving

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