CN104759172A - Efficient haze removal method - Google Patents

Efficient haze removal method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104759172A
CN104759172A CN201510190696.3A CN201510190696A CN104759172A CN 104759172 A CN104759172 A CN 104759172A CN 201510190696 A CN201510190696 A CN 201510190696A CN 104759172 A CN104759172 A CN 104759172A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
haze
controller
air compressor
water
concentration
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CN201510190696.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104759172B (en
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不公告发明人
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福州汇智集佳电子技术有限公司
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Publication of CN104759172A publication Critical patent/CN104759172A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient haze removal method, which comprises the following steps: receiving the particle sizes and the concentration of haze detected by a haze detector by a controller; reading the preset corresponding relationship between the particle sizes and the concentration of the haze and the pressure of an air compressor by the controller; selecting the pressure of the air compressor by the controller according to the corresponding relationship between the particle sizes and the concentration of the haze detected by the haze detector and the pressure of the air compressor; and controlling the pressure of the air compressor to be selected pressure of the air compressor by the controller. According to the efficient haze removal method, the size of the diameter of a water drop in water mist is adjusted by adjusting the pressure of the air compressor; a proper diameter of the water drop of the water mist can be provided at currently main haze particle concentration; and the rapid haze removal effect can be reached.

Description

A kind of method of efficiently removing haze
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of Environment Protection, particularly relate to a kind of method of efficiently removing haze.
Background technology
Along with the continuous propelling of industrialization and urbanization process, the air quality in city constantly declines, and main manifestations is haze weather, and the granule dust of haze and different-diameter suspends in atmosphere, thus forms the weather phenomenon of dense fog.
Coal journal volume the 3rd phase June the 30th in 2005 disclose " research of mechanism of reducing dust by spray " propose " haze know effect and water fog particle size, haze granular size about " viewpoint, namely haze can be removed with water smoke, but different haze particles has the good water fog particle size of the effect of its correspondence.Current also do not have for such result of study the product adapted, and what haze situation current application still rests on regardless of, and all with a kind of spraying system and spray method of specification, the efficiency that haze is removed is not high.
Summary of the invention
For this reason, need to provide a kind of method of efficiently removing haze, solve the problem that in existing environment, haze elimination efficiency is low.
For achieving the above object, inventor provide a kind of method of efficiently removing haze, be applied to the system of efficiently removing haze, described system comprises engine, water storage box, water pump, air blast and air compressor, described water pump, air blast, air compressor provides power by engine, described air blast periphery is provided with wind-collecting cover, described wind-collecting cover outlet is provided with the atomizer around wind-collecting cover outlet, described atomizer is towards wind-collecting cover center, the water side of described water pump is connected with the water inlet end of atomizer, the water inlet end of described water pump is connected with water storage box, the inlet end of described atomizer is connected with the outlet side of air compressor, also comprise haze detector, controller, described controller is connected with haze detector, described haze detector is for detecting granular size and the concentration of haze, described controller is connected with air compressor,
Described method comprises the steps:
Described controller receives granular size and the concentration of the haze that described haze detector detects;
Described controller reads the granular size of haze and the corresponding relation of concentration and air compressor pressure preset;
The granular size of the haze that described controller detects according to described haze detector and concentration and described corresponding relation, the pressure of selected air compressor;
The pressure of described controller control air compressor is the pressure of selected air compressor.
Further, described system also comprises condensate tank of dehumidifier, and described condensate tank of dehumidifier is arranged in water storage box, and described condensate tank of dehumidifier is connected with controller, and described controller is also connected with water pump,
Described method also comprises the steps:
Described controller receives the waterlevel data that described condensate tank of dehumidifier detects;
Described controller compares the waterlevel data detected and the lowest water level data of presetting;
If described in the waterlevel data that detects lower than the lowest water level data preset;
Described controller switches off the pump.
Further, described system also comprises the display be connected with controller,
Described method also comprises the steps:
Described controller receives granular size and the concentration of the haze that haze detector detects;
Described controller shows haze granular size and concentration over the display.
Be different from prior art, technique scheme, by the size of drop diameter in the pressure adjusting water smoke of adjustment air compressor, can provide the drop diameter of suitable water smoke, can reach the effect removing haze fast under current main haze granule density.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the inside of one embodiment of the invention connects.
Detailed description of the invention
By describe in detail technical scheme technology contents, structural feature, realized object and effect, coordinate accompanying drawing to be explained in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, present embodiments provide a kind of method of efficiently removing haze, be applied to and efficiently go haze system, what the present embodiment provided goes haze system can be used alone, as being placed in top of building; Or be arranged on the enterprising enforcement use of motor vehicle, the present embodiment will to be arranged on the enterprising enforcement of motor vehicle with being described.Motor vehicle comprises car body 1, goes the engine 2 of haze system can be arranged on car body 1, goes the water storage box 3 of haze system, water pump 4, air blast 5 and air compressor 6 can be arranged on car body 1.Water pump 4, air blast 5, air compressor 6 provide power by engine 2, air blast 5 periphery is provided with wind-collecting cover 7, wind-collecting cover 7 outlet is provided with the atomizer 8 around wind-collecting cover outlet, atomizer 8 is towards wind-collecting cover center, the water side of water pump 4 is connected with the water inlet end of atomizer 8, the water inlet end of water pump 4 is connected with water storage box 3, and the inlet end of atomizer 8 is connected with the outlet side of air compressor 6.Haze system is gone also to comprise by spraying regulating system 9, spraying regulating system comprises haze detector 90, controller 91, controller 91 is connected with haze detector 90, haze detector 90 is for detecting granular size and the concentration of haze, controller 90 is connected with air compressor, and controller 90 is for the operating pressure of the haze granular size that detects according to haze detector and concentration adjustment air compressor.
Wherein, car body 1, for placing each device above-described and transporting each device above and personnel, generally has the wheel of more than 3.Engine 2 is namely for being converted to mechanical energy by fuel, and mechanical energy can be converted to electric energy by the generator be placed on car body again, and the control system on supply car uses.The mechanical energy of engine may be used for driving vehicle wheel rotation thus band motor vehicles bodies advances, and also directly can drive the work such as water pump 4, air blast 5 and air compressor 6.Engine is generally placed in under-cab or car body front end (one end away from air blast).Water storage box 3 is for holding water, and water is for use of spraying.Due to water storage box store full water after generally heavier, so the installation site of water storage box is generally in car body centre position, the material of water storage box can be iron and steel.Water pump 4, for drawing water, is extracted into another place by water from a place.Air blast 5 is used for for the flowing accelerating air in one direction, can be a motor with flabellum, and after electric machine rotation, flabellum can by air toward fore blow.Air compressor 6 is for compressed air, and the outlet side of air compressor can blow out pressure-air.
And the just right wind-collecting cover 7 of air blast 5 puts together for the wind of being produced by boasting by air blast, wind can be made like this to concentrate and to blow toward a direction, increase the air line distance that wind can arrive.Atomizer 8 is for making water fogging, and atomizer includes water inlet end and inlet end, and inlet end is used for entering compressed air, and water inlet end is used for entering water, and water can flow to the nozzle place of atomizer, and the water at nozzle place can be blown out water smoke by compressed air.Compressed-air actuated air pressure can cause the change of the diameter of the particle of the water smoke of formation, is specially: compressed-air actuated pressure is larger, and the diameter of the particle of water smoke is less.Spraying regulating system 9 is for adjustable spraying, and haze detector 90 is wherein for detecting the concentration of various haze, and haze detector is usually used in, in weather condition report, as haze detector detects that the concentration of PM2.5 is how many, detecting that the concentration of PM1.0 is how many.Controller 91, for realizing the treatment and analysis of data, can be CPU, MCU etc.
Operationally, first controller receives granular size and the concentration of the haze that described haze detector detects to this method; Then controller reads the granular size of haze and the corresponding relation of concentration and air compressor pressure preset; And the granular size of haze that detects according to described haze detector of controller and concentration and described corresponding relation, the pressure of selected air compressor; The pressure of last controller control air compressor is the pressure of selected air compressor.Haze particle as larger in current haze concentration is that particle is larger, then can reduce the operating pressure of air compressor, namely increase the diameter of the particle of water smoke, thus improves the efficiency of haze absorption.If the haze particle that haze concentration is larger is that particle is less, then can improve the operating pressure of air compressor, the water smoke that the water of unit volume is changed into is more, absorbs haze better.By like this, haze system of going of the present invention can realize making the action that can reduce haze efficiently for current environment adaptively, substantially increases the speed of haze.
Wherein, the magnitude relationship of the operating pressure of haze granular size and concentration and corresponding air compressor can be obtained by experiment repeatedly, and concrete experimental technique can with reference to the paper mentioned in background technology.Then be stored into by a kind of like this corresponding relation in the memory be connected with controller 91, namely controller 91 can realize the Self Adaptive Control to going haze system to spray.
In order to realize the change of water smoke ejection angle, the present invention also comprises lifting bracket 10, and described lifting bracket 10 is connected with wind-collecting cover, car body respectively, and described lifting bracket is for changing the angle of air blast and vertical direction.Particularly, one end of lifting bracket and the side walls hinged of wind-collecting cover, the other end and car body hinged, wind-collecting cover is relative with air blast fixing, wind-collecting cover and car body hinged, like this, when lifting bracket changes himself length, the elevation angle of wind-collecting cover can change thereupon.Thus water smoke can directive multiple directions, increase the area that water smoke can cover.The specific implementation of lifting bracket can be made up of an outer sleeve and inner sleeve, outer sleeve is enclosed within inner sleeve, outer sleeve and inner sleeve sidewall are all provided with multiple locating hole vertically, then on the diverse location of outer sleeve, inner sleeve can located by pilot pin, realize the change of outer sleeve and inner sleeve relative distance, thus change its length of lifting bracket.In certain embodiments, lifting bracket can be hydraulic pressure lift support.Hydraulic pressure lift support, by changing the size of hydraulic coupling, changes the length of lifting bracket.
In order to realize the expansion of spread of spray in the horizontal direction, the present invention also comprises runing rest 11, and runing rest 11 comprises the rotating disk and base that can rotate mutually, and described base is connected with car body, and described rotating disk is connected with wind-collecting cover, air blast.Wherein, rotating disk can horizontally rotate by respect thereto, thus drives wind-collecting cover, blower level to rotate, and the air outlet of such wind-collecting cover can surrounding rotate in the past, thus water smoke can spray to the surrounding of motor vehicle, improves spread of spray.The realization of runing rest 11 can the implementation of reference bearing.
In certain embodiments, as shown in Figure 2, haze system of going of the present invention also comprises condensate tank of dehumidifier 12, and described condensate tank of dehumidifier is arranged in water storage box, and described condensate tank of dehumidifier is connected with controller, and described controller is also connected with water pump.This method also comprises the steps: the waterlevel data that controller receives described condensate tank of dehumidifier and detects; Controller compares the waterlevel data detected and the lowest water level data of presetting; The described waterlevel data detected is lower than the lowest water level data preset; Controller switches off the pump.Namely condensate tank of dehumidifier 12 is for detecting the water level of water in water storage box, and when water level is too low, when namely water level is less than preset value, controller can switch off the pump, and water pump no longer draws water, and avoids water pump can dally when water level is too low, causes water pump temperature to raise situation about damaging.Further, can also include warning device, described warning device is connected with described controller, after described controller is less than preset value for the water level receiving condensate tank of dehumidifier and detect, enable warning device, sends alarm signal after warning device is enabled, and reminding user water level is too low.Warning device can be audible alarm unit or light alarming device.
In certain embodiments, also comprise the display be connected with controller, described controller is used for showing haze granular size and concentration over the display.Then this method also comprises step: described controller receives granular size and the concentration of the haze that haze detector detects; Described controller shows haze granular size and concentration over the display.Display can be arranged in driver's seat, and such waterproof facilitates again driver to watch current haze situation.
Further, this motor vehicle also includes hydraulic system, and hydraulic system comprises hydraulic pump, and described hydraulic pump is connected with described hydraulic pressure lift support.Hydraulic system can have engine to provide power, or the hydraulic pump of hydraulic system can by independently motor driven.Hydraulic pump is used for pressure energy mechanical energy or kinetic energy being converted to liquid, thus changes the length of hydraulic pressure lift support.
The conveniently rotation of runing rest, runing rest includes actuating unit, and described actuating unit rotates relative to base for driving the rotating disk of runing rest.This dynamic structure can be power driving mechanism, as motor, or mechanical transmission mechanism, for the mechanical energy of engine is delivered to runing rest.In certain embodiments, described actuating unit comprises hydraulic motor, and the stator of described hydraulic motor is connected with base, and the rotor of described hydraulic motor is connected with rotating disk, and described hydraulic motor is connected with hydraulic pump.Namely by the dial rotation at driving runing rest after the rotor turns of hydraulic pump drive hydraulic motor, hydraulic motor has advantage that is not water funk and not easily fault.
Although be described the various embodiments described above; but those skilled in the art are once obtain the basic creative concept of cicada; then can make other change and amendment to these embodiments; so the foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby scope of patent protection of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included within scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. efficiently go a method for haze, be applied to the system of efficiently removing haze, it is characterized in that:
Described system comprises engine, water storage box, water pump, air blast and air compressor, described water pump, air blast, air compressor provides power by engine, described air blast periphery is provided with wind-collecting cover, described wind-collecting cover outlet is provided with the atomizer around wind-collecting cover outlet, described atomizer is towards wind-collecting cover center, the water side of described water pump is connected with the water inlet end of atomizer, the water inlet end of described water pump is connected with water storage box, the inlet end of described atomizer is connected with the outlet side of air compressor, also comprise haze detector, controller, described controller is connected with haze detector, described haze detector is for detecting granular size and the concentration of haze, described controller is connected with air compressor,
Described method comprises the steps:
Described controller receives granular size and the concentration of the haze that described haze detector detects;
Described controller reads the granular size of haze and the corresponding relation of concentration and air compressor pressure preset;
The granular size of the haze that described controller detects according to described haze detector and concentration and described corresponding relation, the pressure of selected air compressor;
The pressure of described controller control air compressor is the pressure of selected air compressor.
2. according to claim 1ly go haze method efficiently, it is characterized in that:
Described system also comprises condensate tank of dehumidifier, and described condensate tank of dehumidifier is arranged in water storage box, and described condensate tank of dehumidifier is connected with controller, and described controller is also connected with water pump,
Described method also comprises the steps:
Described controller receives the waterlevel data that described condensate tank of dehumidifier detects;
Described controller compares the waterlevel data detected and the lowest water level data of presetting;
If described in the waterlevel data that detects lower than the lowest water level data preset;
Described controller switches off the pump.
3. according to claim 1ly go haze method efficiently, it is characterized in that:
Described system also comprises the display be connected with controller,
Described method also comprises the steps:
Described controller receives granular size and the concentration of the haze that haze detector detects;
Described controller shows haze granular size and concentration over the display.
CN201510190696.3A 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 A kind of method of efficiently removing haze CN104759172B (en)

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CN104759172B CN104759172B (en) 2016-03-23

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105139586A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-12-09 天津理工大学 Novel urban haze treatment cooperation system
CN105817098A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-03 河海大学常州校区 Dedusting system and method capable of automatically controlling mist-spray particle diameter

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2275712Y (en) * 1995-12-01 1998-03-04 富拉尔基发电总厂 Automatic spraying dusting regulator
CN201128620Y (en) * 2007-07-13 2008-10-08 刘福民 Gas-water spray humidifying dust removing apparatus
CN201660864U (en) * 2010-02-26 2010-12-01 北京航天衡科技有限公司 Air quality self-adaptation atomizing dust-settling system
CN102716631A (en) * 2012-07-06 2012-10-10 安徽正天环境工程技术有限公司 Two-fluid micro-fog dust suppression system
CN202735816U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-02-13 毛允德 Mine-used spray sensor and mine-used spray dust-settling monitoring system
CN203235368U (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-10-16 刘文霞 Intelligent spray and aspirating device
CN203609989U (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-05-28 柏美迪康环保科技(上海)有限公司 Mobile intelligent vehicle-mounted spraying dust suppression device
CN203768853U (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-08-13 柏美迪康环保科技(上海)有限公司 Mobile vehicular mist spray dust suppression device
CN103977655A (en) * 2014-05-24 2014-08-13 程振国 Water tower type haze treatment device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2275712Y (en) * 1995-12-01 1998-03-04 富拉尔基发电总厂 Automatic spraying dusting regulator
CN201128620Y (en) * 2007-07-13 2008-10-08 刘福民 Gas-water spray humidifying dust removing apparatus
CN201660864U (en) * 2010-02-26 2010-12-01 北京航天衡科技有限公司 Air quality self-adaptation atomizing dust-settling system
CN102716631A (en) * 2012-07-06 2012-10-10 安徽正天环境工程技术有限公司 Two-fluid micro-fog dust suppression system
CN202735816U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-02-13 毛允德 Mine-used spray sensor and mine-used spray dust-settling monitoring system
CN203235368U (en) * 2013-05-13 2013-10-16 刘文霞 Intelligent spray and aspirating device
CN203609989U (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-05-28 柏美迪康环保科技(上海)有限公司 Mobile intelligent vehicle-mounted spraying dust suppression device
CN203768853U (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-08-13 柏美迪康环保科技(上海)有限公司 Mobile vehicular mist spray dust suppression device
CN103977655A (en) * 2014-05-24 2014-08-13 程振国 Water tower type haze treatment device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105139586A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-12-09 天津理工大学 Novel urban haze treatment cooperation system
CN105817098A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-03 河海大学常州校区 Dedusting system and method capable of automatically controlling mist-spray particle diameter

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Effective date of registration: 20170519

Address after: 226000, No. 2, C District, Chengbei Industrial Zone, Haian County, Jiangsu City, Nantong province (Haian County Industrial Zone)

Patentee after: Nantong Haylett Rubber and Plastic Machinery Co., Ltd.

Address before: 350015 Fujian province Fuzhou Mawei District Luoxing street Luoxing Road No. 48

Patentee before: Foochow Hui Zhijijia Electron Technology Co., Ltd

Effective date of registration: 20170519

Address after: 226000, No. 2, C District, Chengbei Industrial Zone, Haian County, Jiangsu City, Nantong province (Haian County Industrial Zone)

Patentee after: Nantong Haylett Rubber and Plastic Machinery Co., Ltd.

Address before: 350015 Fujian province Fuzhou Mawei District Luoxing street Luoxing Road No. 48

Patentee before: Foochow Hui Zhijijia Electron Technology Co., Ltd

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Effective date of registration: 20200925

Address after: Room 903, block B, Greenland xinduhui, Huangshan East Road, Jinghu District, Wuhu City, Anhui Province 241000

Patentee after: Xu Bing

Address before: 226000, No. 2, C District, Chengbei Industrial Zone, Haian County, Jiangsu City, Nantong province (Haian County Industrial Zone)

Patentee before: NANTONG HAILITE RUBBER & PLASTIC MACHINE Co.,Ltd.