CN104753446A - Method and device for arranging a rail-base movable photovoltaic power generation system in farmland - Google Patents

Method and device for arranging a rail-base movable photovoltaic power generation system in farmland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104753446A
CN104753446A CN201310750551.5A CN201310750551A CN104753446A CN 104753446 A CN104753446 A CN 104753446A CN 201310750551 A CN201310750551 A CN 201310750551A CN 104753446 A CN104753446 A CN 104753446A
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
farmland
interface circuit
power line
wheels
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Granted
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CN201310750551.5A
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CN104753446B (en
Inventor
施国樑
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Jiashan chuangyue Intellectual Property Service Co., Ltd
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Shanghai Changyu Information Science & Technology Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A method for arranging a rail-base movable photovoltaic power generation system in a farmland comprises the steps of arranging field rails and a side station power line in the farmland and operating the rail-base movable photovoltaic power generation system on the field rails. The field rails, the farmland and the rail-base movable photovoltaic power generation system are manufactured by means of the method. The method has the advantages that the problem firstly encountered in a photovoltaic power generation installation site during solar utilization is solved, the rail-base movable photovoltaic power generation system is suitable for two-dimensional tracking so that the electricity quantity can be improved by 30% on year-on-year basis, the benefit and investment return can be remarkably increased; the photovoltaic power generation capacity in our country is possibly up to 4 trillion kilowatt-hour/year and is equivalent to 40% of the total social energy consumption, and the energy structure in our country is thoroughly changed; distributed energy stations make major contribution to energy safety of our country; by implementing the method with all strength, cisborder PM2.5 in our country is reduced by more than 90% compared with the end of 2013.

Description

The removable photovoltaic generating system method of the farmland base of the rail and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the field rail, the farmland of construction and the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail that in farmland, to run the base of the rail removable photovoltaic generating system method and manufacture according to the method.
Background technology
Installing photovoltaic battery panel utilizes solar power generation to have a fabricating yard problem.For example, Zhejiang Province power consumption 3.211 * 10 in 2012 11kilowatt hour.If these electricity rely on photovoltaic generation, in 1600 hours, average exposure 700w/ ㎡, generating efficiency 0.18, the inversion efficiency 0.80 of generating electricity in year, the installation floor space of these photovoltaic battery panels
S=3.211 * 10 11/ (1600*700*0.18*0.80/1000)=3.211 * 10 11+3/ 191520 ≈ 1.99*10 9(㎡)=19.9 ten thousand hectares
This is about equivalent to 9.56% of Zhejiang the whole province cultivated area 208.17 ten thousand hectares.
The occupation of land problem that photovoltaic generating system can solve photovoltaic generating system is set in China's many desert areas, but produces the problem that the problem of long-distance power transmission and transformation and desert are not suitable for field personnel's life.Further, comparatively speaking, the energy security of distributed power generation website is much higher.
Therefore, we attempt to propose a kind of on-fixed and are installed on photovoltaic system above farmland, make photovoltaic power generation plate move around above crops to reducing the negative effect to crop growth while utilizing solar power generation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is will be provided in farmland method that the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail and field rail thereof are set and according to the method manufacture be arranged in farmland for run removable photovoltaic generating system field rail, be provided with removable photovoltaic generating system field rail farmland, manufacture the removable photovoltaic generating system run on the rail of described field.
The present invention arranges the method for the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail in farmland: above farmland, arrange photovoltaic battery panel.For avoiding permanent shading to affect crop growth, the possible adverse effect making photovoltaic battery panel constantly move around making the benefit owing to using photovoltaic battery panel to bring to be greater than or to be far longer than shading causing.The cycle that moves around is called shading factor to crops shading time and the ratio in the cycle that moves around.Preferred shading factor scope is 8% to 14%.
The basis of building removable photovoltaic generating system in farmland comprises: 1) photosynthesis is in the strength range of sunlight, is not always directly proportional to sunlight intensity.For example be subject to paddy in the rice field, both sides of north-south trees band shading with by the growing way of shading and output about the same; 2), under high-temperature condition, a certain amount of shading can help plant to accelerate photosynthesis by reducing temperature.
Manufacture and design and field rail is installed in farmland.Field rail can also be used for the water of isolating field, both sides.Field rail can also be made to contain and to embed the fluid line installed or add installation and the input/output port be in communication with the outside thereof; By can implement irrigation to farmland and water drainage to the input/output port of described fluid line.
Manufacture and design and other station power line is installed in farmland, the housing of other station power line also can be made to be that electric conducting material makes, is connected with an electric fence power sourced electric with the earth electric insulation, preventing beast harmful and limit livestock scope of activities as electric fence;
Build the farmland of band field rail, described farmland comprises the earth's surface of various growing plant, such as paddy field, irrigated land, nonirrigated farmland, terraced fields and hillside fields, hilly country, wasteland, mountain region and individual layer booth; Build and comprise the terraced fields that Cheng Fang is smooth vertical and horizontal with building terraced fields dam in flakes.Field rail is set in farmland, existing terraced fields dam is transformed into the field rail that can travel the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail and/or automatic cultivating apparatus and the electric pole arranged along field rail layout and other station power line.Parallel double field rail is straight or bending, mutually can be connected growth; Can be continuous in the shape of a spiral and to be arranged on terraced fields or hillside and along the direction of advance band gradient; East and West direction is arranged or other direction is arranged; Field rail contains with the installation interface of the cushion block be arranged in farmland and pile and has straight, continuous and smooth load surface; Field rail is arranged on fixing or revocable ground; The soil that described fixing ground comprises compacting or the basis be made up of other material; On-fixed ground comprises the block involved with field rail; Parallelism error between described one group of two field rail is less than 30 millimeters.
Manufacture and design the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail, comprise photovoltaic battery panel, be provided with the chassis of two skate group assemblies, solar tracking device, Computer Control Unit, communication module, satellite navigation locating module, watch-dog, the removable electric linkage interface that is electrically connected with other power line of standing; Wheels assembly comprises containing one with the wheels of upper roller, wheels drive unit and wheels steering control device; Sometimes arrange before and after adopting that two or more roller forms wheels and can improve the weight transfer operating mode of wheels load to field rail; Wheels drive unit only can be arranged one and also can arrange one or each roller arranges one in the total Chengdu of each wheels by multiple wheels assembly; The crops encountered in farmland should be avoided in chassis; Make described wheels assembly, solar tracking device, communication module, satellite navigation locating module, watch-dog are connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with removable electric linkage interface, the state of described wheels assembly and photovoltaic battery panel is changed according to main control computer instruction change; The field rail of described photovoltaic generating system in farmland moves and is continued and extraneous power network Change Power by removable electric linkage interface and other station power line.
The various device relating to main control computer of the present invention also relates to related software, and the device relating to analog sensor also relates to arranging the sweep time of analog sensor, and these contents can utilize prior art to be realized.
The distance that moves around of photovoltaic generating system comprises the field rail of border, leap more than one group field linking; The speed moved around comprises speed quick and on duty; Its scope comprises 1 to 10 meter per second and 0. 01 to 1 meter per second respectively.Getting parallel double field rail orbit centre linear distance is 5*(1-0.618)=1.91 meters, the adjacent spacing of field rail that many group parallel double are laid also gets 5 meters.
The base of the rail movable solar energy manufactured and designed with pitched roof shape top cover utilizes system.
The present invention is according to one of said method technical scheme realizing its object: manufacture field rail, install in farmland; Its form and material comprise armored concrete field rail, shaped steel steel pipe field rail and shaped steel steel-tube construction body field rail.Adopt more than the one group track-like thing often organizing two parallel double, or containing wall scroll track-like thing, or containing the track-like thing with terraced fields dam integral production, described track-like thing contains straight, continuous and smooth load contact face, described track-like thing directly or by field base of the rail plinth is connected with farmland, described field base of the rail plinth comprise go deep into farmland pile, stub, cushion block and compacting soil.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme two of its object according to said method: manufacture other station power line, supported and be arranged at field trackside, comprise housing, be arranged at more than one power line core of enclosure interior by electric pole; Adopt electric pole to support and be arranged at field trackside; Housing contains an elongated notch; Described power line contains continuous, smooth exposed surface as the electrical connection interface with the external world; Described notch and electrical connection interface and housing isometric.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme three of its object according to said method: the farmland of construction retrofit band field rail, and described farmland comprises the earth's surface of various growing plant, such as paddy field, irrigated land, nonirrigated farmland, terraced fields and hillside fields; Described transformation comprises Cheng Fang in flakes, builds the smooth vertical and horizontal terraced fields in terraced fields dam.The other power line of standing field rail being set in farmland and arranging along field rail, described field rail comprises the track-like thing that more than a group is often organized two parallel double, or containing wall scroll track-like thing; Or the transformation of existing terraced fields dam or integration system are made the field rail that can travel the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail and/or automatic cultivating apparatus; And the other station power line arranged along field rail is set; Described other station power line contains power line and long electrical connection interface same with power line.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme four of its object according to said method: manufacture the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail, comprise photovoltaic battery panel, the chassis of two skate group assemblies be installed, solar tracking device, computer controlled automatic device, communication module, watch-dog, the electric pole arranged together with the rail of field and other power line of stand, and the removable electric linkage interface that power line of being stood in the output interface of photovoltaic battery panel or inverter and side is electrically connected; Wheels assembly comprises containing one with the wheels of upper roller, wheels drive unit and wheels steering control device; Wheels drive unit only can be arranged one and also can arrange one or each roller arranges one in the total Chengdu of each wheels by multiple wheels assembly; Wheels driving mechanism comprises drive motors and decelerator and is in transmission connection with roller.Described wheels assembly, solar tracking device, communication module, watch-dog are connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with removable electric linkage interface, and the state of described wheels assembly and photovoltaic battery panel is changed according to the dependent instruction change of main control computer; The field rail of described photovoltaic generating system in farmland moves and is continued and extraneous power network Change Power by removable electric linkage interface.
One can also be adopted based on electronic screw body sunlight elevation angle and the illumination angle tracking means of to take grid structure as the electronic screw body sunlight elevation angle of load and illumination angle tracking means and one based on grid structure with photovoltaic battery panel be on chassis load; Described tracking means comprises more than three according to the uniform electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism of load and interface circuit thereof; Described electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism comprises an electronic screw mandrel and a feed screw nut coordinated with described electronic screw mandrel; At least one of them is connected with basis or load by a spherical pair mechanism for described electronic screw mandrel or feed screw nut; The interface circuit of described electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism is connected with main control computer signal; The state of described grid structure and photovoltaic battery panel changes according to the dependent instruction of main control computer and changes.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme five of its object according to said method: the base of the rail movable solar energy manufactured with pitched roof shape top cover utilizes system, and the solar energy collecting comprising a pitched roof shape top cover utilizes device, chassis, Computer Control Unit, communication module, watch-dog, other power line and the removable electric linkage interface that is electrically connected with station, side power line of standing arranged together with the rail of field; Be with or be not with solar tracking device; The solar energy collecting of described pitched roof shape top cover utilizes device to be in tilted layout in the top of described solar energy utilization system.Described wheels assembly, communication module, watch-dog, removable electric linkage interface solar tracking device are connected with main control computer signal by respective interface circuit, make change the constantly movement on field rail in farmland according to the change of the dependent instruction of main control computer of the state of described wheels assembly, and keep the electrical connection with extraneous power network by removable electric linkage interface; The breeding space between device and chassis is utilized to be furnished with crops and/or poultry between pitched roof shape top cover solar energy collecting.
Chassis can also be made to be arranged in a grid structure with upper part, containing a band Plane Rotation formula solar tracking device between chassis and grid structure, comprise the band flank of tooth be connected with chassis ring and with the electric gear of described ring flank engagement or electronic worm screw.
The present invention realizes the technical scheme six of its object according to said method: manufacture a computer controlled subsystem of the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail, comprise main control computer, the memory device, communication module and the interface circuit thereof that are connected with main control computer signal, satellite positioning module and interface circuit, wireless broadcast reception module and interface circuit, man-machine interface and interface circuit thereof and casing, also comprise inverter interface circuit, power line detection device interface circuit and watch-dog interface circuit; Described main control computer comprises the remote computer that local computer is connected with by signaling interface.The governor circuit of described main control computer, memory device, communication module interface circuit, satellite positioning module interface circuit, wireless broadcast reception module interface circuit, user-machine interface circuit, inverter interface circuit, power line detection interface circuit realize signal with watch-dog interface circuit by bus and are connected.
Beneficial effect: the present invention answer very well photovoltaic generation fabricating yard this belong to one of significant problem that the whole society of China core pays close attention to, follow the tracks of make electrogenesis amount increase by 30% on year-on-year basis benefit and rate of return on investment are increased considerably because the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail be applicable to bidimensional again; Likely be implemented to the year two thousand twenty China's photovoltaic power generation quantity is reached 4,000,000,000,000 kilowatt hours/year is equivalent to social total energy consumption when the time comes 40%, thoroughly change the energy resource structure of China; Distributed energy website can guarantee national energy security, for the energy security of China makes major contribution; Implement with all strength the present invention add a large amount of uses of broad sense natural gas, area of woods increase considerably other effort with the whole society, can arrive PM2.5 that the year two thousand twenty makes China domestic than 2013 at the end of minimizing more than 90%; China also will do better in energy-saving and emission-reduction;
Implement the present invention, the fabricating yard problem that thoroughly can solve photovoltaic generation makes east densely inhabited district unrestrictedly can install farmland base of the rail photovoltaic generation facility of the present invention.Farmland base of the rail photovoltaic generating system is applicable to adopting bidimensional to follow the tracks of on year-on-year basis can obtain electric power 30% more.In every mu install 67 ㎡ about 8 kilowatts of photovoltaic generating systems invest 2000 yuan/year excluding interest of 50,000 yuan of/mu depreciations in 25 years, 5000 yuan of/mu depreciations in 25 years of parallel double field rail cost of erection excluding interest count 20 yuan/year, operating charges comprises insurance every mu annual 300 yuan, intermediate effectiveness comprises inversion and power inside 80%, electricity price 0.75 yuan/kilowatt-hour meter, generating income 8*1700*1.3*0.8*0.75=10608 unit, deduct depreciation and expense 60 yuan/year, income 10008/ year; The rate of return on investment 10008/55000 of its 25 years meters is about 18.2%; Continuous 19 years annual net incomes about 10,000 yuan after recouping capital outlay for 6 years in other words.Output is 5 times that drop into.Here decline 10 years 10%20 20% and the tax revenue of photovoltaic battery panel is not counted.As a comparison: upper vapour is invested 4.5 hundred million a few days ago and built 50 megawatt photovoltaic generation facilities, expect that during 25 years, generating can more than 1,000,000,000 kilowatt hours.Output is 1.67 times that drop into.
Assuming that the year two thousand twenty realizes the target that China's year photovoltaic power generation quantity reaches 4,000,000,000,000 kilowatt hours, then solar power generation reaches 3000 kilowatt hours/year, solar power generation per capita income 2250 yuan/year per capita; Every mu to install 67 square metres of removable photovoltaic generating systems, altogether relate to 2.8 hundred million mu of farmlands.
The present invention can make the whole world extensively be benefited equally.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Be described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram arranging the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail on many groups of parallel field rails of more smooth farmland.Fig. 2 is one and arranges to existing terraced fields transformation the schematic diagram that parallel double field rail uses the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail.Fig. 3 is one and arranges to existing hillside fields transformation the schematic diagram that parallel double field rail uses the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail.Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the integral type terraced fields of the removable photovoltaic generating system of the band base of the rail that a terraced fields dam and field rail one are built.Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the integral type terraced fields of the removable photovoltaic generating system of the band base of the rail that a terraced fields dam and parallel double field rail one are built.Fig. 6 be one cement double track parallel double field rail is set in farmland face composite construction schematic diagram.Fig. 7 is a side-looking structural representation arranging cement double track parallel double field rail in farmland.Fig. 8 is that structural representation faced by a cement parallel double field rail with two load load-bearing interfaces.Fig. 9 is a cement parallel double field trackside TV structure schematic diagram with two load load-bearing interfaces.Figure 10 is that structural representation faced by a steel pipe rack parallel double field rail with two load load-bearing interfaces.Figure 11 is a steel pipe rack parallel double field trackside TV structure schematic diagram with two load load-bearing interfaces.Figure 12 is TV structure schematic diagram on a parallel double field rail being with pillow concrete.Figure 13 is the parallel double field trackside TV structure schematic diagram of a band pillow concrete.Figure 14 is a three electric pushrod bidimensional sun light tracking bases of the rail removable photovoltaic generating system side-looking structural representation being arranged in farmland.Figure 15 is three electric pushrod bidimensional solar tracking devices arrange three spherical pair junctions structural representation in photovoltaic cell back.Figure 16 is that a removable photovoltaic generating system of the three electric pushrod bidimensional sun light tracking bases of the rail be arranged in farmland faces structural representation.Figure 17 is the structural representation of an electric pushrod.Figure 18 is the electronic screw structure schematic diagram of a band spherical pair linkage interface.Figure 19 is the power transmission line steel-tube construction schematic diagram of an electric linkage interface of inner band.Figure 20 is the power transmission line steel-tube construction schematic diagram of an electric linkage interface of easy folding inner band.Figure 21 is the apportion figure of each parts of power transmission line steel pipe of an electric linkage interface of easy folding inner band.Figure 22 is one and arranges at farmland the side-looking structural representation that parallel double field rail travels the base of the rail movable solar energy multiplex utilization facilities of band mew.Figure 23 is one and arranges at farmland the upper TV structure schematic diagram that parallel double field rail travels the base of the rail movable solar energy multiplex utilization facilities of band mew.Figure 24 is the computer control subsystem diagram of a removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail.
1. farmlands in figure; 2. parallel double field rail; 3. removable photovoltaic generating system; 5. chassis; 6. external platform hanging beam; 7. road; 8. wide paths for tractors in the countryside; 9. photovoltaic battery panel; 10. alignment sensor; 11. storehouses; 12. laser collimator platforms; 13. terraced fields; 14. terraced fields dams; 15. hillside fields; 16. transition cushion blocks; 17. cement piles; 18. screw threads; 19. stitching portions; 20. cap plates; 21. clamping plate; 22. water pipes; 23. electric poles; 24. power line steel pipes; 25. through holes; 26. wheels; 27. trundles; 28. field rail restraining plates; 29. Vidacare corps; 30. load load-bearing interfaces; 31. strengthen screw; 32. automatic rotary nail devices; 33. hook plates; 34. pores; Steel pipe on 36.; 37. times steel pipes; 38. truss; 39. pre-embedded bolts; 40. stubs; 41. power lines; 42. pillow concretes; 43. I shape rail; 44. connecting rods; 45. inverters; 46. times main electric pushrods; 47. times secondary electric pushrods; Main electric pushrod on 48.; Secondary electric pushrod on 49.; 50. major network frame plates; 51. times dashed rectangle; 52. dotted line quadrilateral frames; Dashed rectangle on 53.; 54. main electric pushrod spherical pair structural attachment points; 55. secondary electric pushrod spherical pair structural attachment points; 56. crops; 57. casings; 58. push rods; 59. Vidacare corps; 60. screw mandrels; 61 feed screw nuts; 62. worm screws; 63. large spherical pair mechanisms; 64. cores; 65. connect electric reed; 66. substrates; 67 terminal boxes; 68. caulking gum sheets; 69. slots; 71. motherboards; 72. left lids; 73. right lids; 74.C type chute; 75. flange; 76. dividing plates; 77. light current wire casings; 78. wire barrels; 79. upper hopper chutes; 80. gliding grooves; 81.C type bar; 82. block terminals; 101. comprehensive solar energy housings; 102. worm and gear followers; 103. grid structure; 104. solar energy collectings utilize device; Between the cloudy crop growth of 105 happiness; 106. mew; 107. turbine; 108. electronic worm screws; 111. governor circuit; 112. memory device; 113. communication module interface circuits; 114. user-machine interface circuit; 115. inverter interface circuits; 116. alignment sensor interface circuits; 117. wheels Vidacare corp interface circuits; 118. power line inspection modules survey interface circuit; 119. times main electric pushrod interface circuits; 120. times secondary electric pushrod interface circuits; Main electric pushrod interface circuit on 121.; Secondary electric pushrod interface circuit on 122.; 123. watch-dog interface circuits; 124. bus.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 provides first embodiment of the invention.
In Fig. 1, in farmland 1, three groups of parallel double field rails 2 are made East and West direction layout and are laid side by side, often organize and comprise two field rails 2.Field rail 2 runs and has removable photovoltaic generating system 3.Distinguish the region of each group of field rail with dotted line in Fig. 1.Two field rails 2 that dotted line separates are double track.
The spacing of parallel double field rail 2 two field rail axial lines and double track width equidimension can set with field condition as requested, such as it is wide 1910 millimeters to get double track; The size of removable photovoltaic generating system 3 photovoltaic battery panel 9, interval and layout are also unrestricted, comprise employing 9 pieces of photovoltaic battery panels 9 and are arranged in north-south three and arrange the array that East and West direction three arranges.Wide by 1062 by the long 1580* of standard size every block photovoltaic battery panel 9; North and south spaced 630; North-south total length 6 meters.Spaced 630 millimeters of East and West direction; East and West direction overall width 4446 millimeters.Here, the reason that East and West direction size is less than north-south is: East and West direction illumination angle is followed the tracks of and comprised that low west, east in the morning is high and afternoon is high in the east and low in the west, and total movement range is also large; And elevation angle tracking in north-south is that height south, north is low on the Northern Hemisphere, total movement range is little.
I.e. order photovoltaic battery panel 9 array north-south overall length 6 meters and the spacing only 5 meters of Liang Zu field, north and south rail 2, but still the photovoltaic battery panel 9 of the removable photovoltaic generating system 3 in two, north and south can be made mutually not conflict mutually.Reason is the photovoltaic battery panel 9 being in the Northern Hemisphere can be that north-south is in tilted layout, and height is straggly.Although can there is the situation that photovoltaic battery panel 9 in the south blocks north when winter crosses, the time of blocking of causing of crossing is short, and impact is little.Can also make photovoltaic battery panel 9 north in the morning being in the Northern Hemisphere in left layout is as Fig. 1 shown in wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8 right part; Synchronously carrying out all the time shown in wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8 left side in right layout is as figure of north in afternoon.Within one day, only can cross once like this, mutually not block at ordinary times.
Photovoltaic battery panel 9 north-south total length can certainly be made to be equal to or less than the spacing of Liang Zu field, north and south rail 2.
The boundary condition of the interblock space of field rail 2, width and photovoltaic battery panel 9 size design:
When field rail 2 East and West direction is laid, winter is considered for following the tracks of, the photovoltaic battery panel 9 north side height higher than southern side will reach 0.6 times of photovoltaic battery panel 9 north-south overall length dimension, and consider that this total height is to be no more than 3 meters as well, then the total length of photovoltaic battery panel 9 is limited with 5 meters.Certainly, because illumination angle also will be followed the tracks of, its width is also limited with 5 meters.According to this, then average 5 meters, north-south distance will lay one group of field rail 2, and 133.34 meters of parallel double field rails 2 will be laid in every mu of ground.(be a unit with 5 meters with one group two parallel double field rail 2 costs 38 yuan/meter, comprise 2 stanchion+bearing plates 20 yuan, reinforced concrete parallel double field rail 2*50 unit, 70 yuan, the power line in other station, amount to 190 yuan) meter, the cost of parallel double field, 1 mu of ground rail 2 wants 38*133.34=5066.92(unit).Photovoltaic battery panel 9 specified output 1.62kw/ block.In shading factor 0.1, removable photovoltaic generating system 3 each run 31.86 meters (1.062*3*10).Every mu arranges block number 4 pieces of (667/(31.86*4) ≈ 5.23) amount to 6.48 kilowatts, the cost of parallel double field rail 2 is roughly equal to 0.78 yuan/w.The benefit of removable photovoltaic generating system comprises: can install at farmland and cause hardly crop production reduction, peasant household oneself install and exempt from space expenses and weeding expense, exempt from the power transmission and transformation investment of long distance and loss.
Farmland 1 or wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8 are provided with positioning references 10 for helping the computer controlled subsystem location of removable photovoltaic generating system 3.For example utilize the laser range finder on removable photovoltaic generating system to obtain with the distance of positioning references 10 and calculate the traveling of position data for servomechanism of removable photovoltaic generating system 34.
On farmland 1 border, storehouse 11 is set for storage of granular materials, stalk and aftermarket attachment; Lee can also be provided for taking turns upper cultivation.The storehouse 11 be connected with field rail 2 can provide the protection of removable photovoltaic generating system 34.
On field rail 2, appropriate location arranges laser collimator platform 12, measures the state guaranteeing to understand field rail 2 in time for using to parallel double field rail.Laser collimator platform 12 can be one piece of that conveniently find, that position is fixed, area is 100*100 square millimeter firm plane.
Fig. 2 provides second embodiment of the invention.
In Fig. 2, parallel double field rail 2 is set in terraced fields 13 and comprises and make parallel double field rail 2 directly cross over terraced fields dam 14, and run removable photovoltaic generating system 34 on parallel double field rail 2.Parallel double field rail 2 in easy flights in 14 °.Reduce as far as possible parallel double field rail 2 ruling grade and make whole section of parallel double field rail 2 with some gradients close to the horizontal segment of 0 ° for interim parked removable photovoltaic generating system 34.
Fig. 3 provides third embodiment of the invention.
In Fig. 3, parallel double field rail 2 is set in hillside fields 15, and runs removable photovoltaic generating system 34 on parallel double field rail 2.Parallel double field rail 2 in easy flights in 10 °.Reduce as far as possible parallel double field rail 2 ruling grade and make whole section of parallel double field rail 2 with some gradients close to the horizontal segment of 0 ° for interim parked removable photovoltaic generating system 34.
In Fig. 2 and 3 embodiments, although parallel double field rail 2 will take certain cultivated area, the leaf of crops can extend in quite a few parallel double field rail 2 and as usual carry out photosynthesis above.And more often than not, for eliminating ridge, expand cultivated area on the contrary.
The parallel double field rail of Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 embodiment can adopt rail spacing to only have the width of 0.5 meter.
Fig. 4 provides four embodiment of the invention.
In Fig. 4, the parallel double field rail 2 that two-wire is described represents two two field rails that are parallel to each other, and in terraced fields, the distance of two field rails can be less than 0.5 meter.Parallel double field rail 2 and terraced fields dam 14 or the terraced fields circle dam integral production of surrounding earth completely.The level height of each field of terraced fields 13 can be different.Parallel double field rail 2 is raised gradually from beneath starting point wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8.Terraced fields 13 topside area is large, thus adopts 3 parallel double field rails 2 and adopts a wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8 to be communicated with by 3 parallel double field rails 2 at terraced fields 3 top.Parallel double field rail 2 travels and has removable photovoltaic generating system 34.
Parallel double field rail 2 in Fig. 4 also can change single track into.
Fig. 5 provides fifth embodiment of the invention.
In Fig. 5, parallel double field rail 2 i.e. two field rails 2 of standard field rail that distance inside and outside between two field rails 2 is equal all the time be designed with two schemes: 1) hillside is relatively steep, and two field rails all keep the contour synchronous rising in top to spiral to mountain top for terraced fields dam 14 integral production and inside and outside two field rails 2 pushing ahead; 2) hillside is not bery steep, and only with outer field rail and larger that root field rail of corner radius and terraced fields dam 14 integral production, the field rail of the inside is just simply placed in terraced fields and inside and outside the contour synchronous rising of two field rails is spiraled to mountain top and pushed ahead.Parallel double field rail 2 is raised gradually from beneath starting point wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8.Terraced fields 13 topside area is large, thus adopts 3 parallel double field rails 2 and adopts a wide paths for tractors in the countryside 8 to be communicated with by 3 parallel double field rails 2 at terraced fields 3 top.Parallel double field rail 2 travels and has removable photovoltaic generating system 34.
The border that the difference of Fig. 5 embodiment and Fig. 4 comprises the terraced fields in Fig. 5 embodiment is smooth vertical and horizontal.Be non-integral rock and in the abundant situation of soil, it is not only attractive in appearance that straight terraced fields are pulled out on this border at described hill, and rice transplanting is cut rice and is facilitated machinery operation.
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 provides sixth embodiment of the invention jointly.
In Fig. 6,7, the weight of parallel double field rail 2 and load thereof passes to the soil of farmland 1 by transition cushion block 16 and cement pile 17.Transition cushion block 16 comprises upper and lower double-layer structure; Transition cushion block lower floor, for providing larger load-bearing area, can adopt reinforced concrete to make; Transition cushion block upper strata is for providing buffering between parallel double field rail 2 and transition cushion block lower floor and load-bearing transitional function.Directly parallel double field rail 2 is pressed on cement pile 17 if very stiff and demanding, can not ensures that gravity is transmitted in both abundant face contacts.The material on transition cushion block upper strata can adopt the material identical with the cushion block between existing viaduct crossbeam and pier stud, or adopt a certain proportion of wooden molding powder particle more again injection moulding make.Transition cushion block 16 can also be set between parallel double field rail 2 and farmland 1 to improve the operating mode of parallel double field rail 2.
Cement pile 17 adopts reinforced concrete to make, and surface can be threaded 18 and conveniently be screwed in farmland 1 by special equipment; The lower end point of cement pile 17, cement pile 17 top being placed in stitching portion 19 place of adjacent, parallel pair of field rail 2 is with the larger cap plate 20 of area.The stitching portion 19 of parallel double field rail 2 adopts clamping plate 21 to connect.The shady face of parallel double field rail 2 also arranges water pipe 22.Parallel double field rail 2 is by electric pole 23 erecting power lines steel pipe 24.For weight reduction, through hole 25 can also be set on parallel double field rail 2.
Removable photovoltaic generating system 3 is contacted with parallel double field rail 2 by wheels 26 and transmits weight.In order to ensure that the centre position that wheels are in parallel double field rail 2 top surface is all the time unlikely landing, adopt the field rail restraining plate 28 of band trundle 27.When wheels 26 produce the phenomenon of parallel deviate two fields rail 2 in advancing, due to the effect of contraction of the trundle 27 on wheels 26 both sides, wheels 26 are made not depart from further and to travel all the time in the tram of parallel double field rail 2.Wheels 26 with a Vidacare corp 29 for push-and-pull field rail restraining plate 28.When removable photovoltaic generating system 3 needs upper wide paths for tractors in the countryside, field rail restraining plate 28 pull-up to Fig. 6 dotted line position, makes field rail restraining plate 28 not affect removable photovoltaic generating system 3 and travels on wide paths for tractors in the countryside by Vidacare corp 29.
Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 provides seventh embodiment of the invention jointly.
In Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the transition cushion block 16 of farmland 1 is arranged cement parallel double field rail 2.The top of cement parallel double field rail 2 is the load-bearing field rail planes can running wheels 26, also has a load load-bearing interface 30 in a side of parallel double field rail 2; A pore 34 is contained in the Lower Half of parallel double field rail 2.Load load-bearing interface 30 also can be designed to run roller or wheels.When pore 34 is for draining flooded fields, the ponding in ground can flow into pore 34 by stitching portion 19 and flow out farmland 1 along pore 34.In Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, eliminate the description of cement pile.
In Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, cement parallel double field rail 2 has the mechanical characteristic material-saving of I-steel and is suitable as crossbeam, and it is highly also higher.
In Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, chassis 5 is also provided with and strengthens screw 31 and automatic rotary nail device 32.Automatic rotary nail device 32 is connected with computer for controlling signal by interface circuit, can screw in strengthening screw 31 at any time and makes the state of removable photovoltaic generating system obtain reinforcing in farmland 1 to be conducive to wind resistance.
In Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, chassis 5 is also provided with hook plate 33, hook plate 33 and a Vidacare corp 29 are in transmission connection.Vidacare corp 29 is connected with computer for controlling signal by interface circuit, enough for the top of hook plate 33 shape things can be advanced in the groove of parallel double field rail 2 and removable photovoltaic generating system and parallel double field rail 2 are combined as a whole to be conducive to wind resistance.
Figure 10 and Figure 11 provides eighth embodiment of the invention jointly.
In Figure 10 and Figure 11, the transition cushion block 16 in farmland 1 is arranged steel pipe rack parallel double field rail 2.Steel pipe rack parallel double field rail 2 comprises upper steel pipe 36 and lower steel pipe 37 and the truss 38 being connected steel pipe 36 and lower steel pipe 37 of two parallel double layouts.Parallel double field rail 2 pre-embedded bolt 39 is fixed on cement pile 17 and stub 40.Upper steel pipe 36 can run wheels 26.Surface due to upper steel pipe 36 is circular, and the outer surface of wheels 26 is a concave surface coincide with tubular surface.Wheels 26 can only be made up of a wheel.Lower steel pipe 37 also reserves a load load-bearing interface 30.Load load-bearing interface 30 also can be designed to run roller or wheels.Embedding in upper steel pipe 36 have power line 41.Upper steel pipe 36 and lower steel pipe 37 can select diameter range to be the aluminum-plated steel pipe of 20 millimeters to 360 millimeters.
Steel pipe rack parallel double field rail 2 shock resistance is strong.It is applicable to build, and bamboo grove is amid the mountains this does not need large-scale agriculture, and the semi-finished product fortune just bamboo or bamboo are processed into is gone down the hill the purposes of coming.More than 20 meters can be connected into for across mountain stream when installing at the scene.When using stub that parallel double field rail is installed, preservative treatment can be carried out to stub.
Figure 12 and Figure 13 provides ninth embodiment of the invention jointly.
In Figure 12 and Figure 13, the I shape rail 43 of two band pillow concretes 42 connects to form parallel double field rail 2 with connecting rod 44, is set directly in farmland 1.The wheel band wheel rim of wheels 26 is to guarantee not skid off parallel double field rail 2.Adopt parallel double field rail 2 shock resistance of I shape rail 43 strong, and can sling easily.
Comprise pasture in some cases, field rail 2 can not also be adopted, but still need other station power line, directly on farmland and pasture, travel removable photovoltaic generating system 3.
Figure 14, Figure 15 and Figure 16 provide the of the present invention ten embodiment jointly.
In Figure 14 to 16, inverter 45, lower main electric pushrod 46, lower secondary electric pushrod 47, upper main electric pushrod 48, upper secondary electric pushrod 49, wheels driving mechanism and communication module that the removable photovoltaic generating system of three electric pushrod bidimensional sun light trackings 3 be arranged in farmland 1 is comprised computer control system, is electrically connected by interface circuit and computer control system, and chassis 5, wheels 26, major network frame plate 50 and photovoltaic battery panel 9.Removable photovoltaic generating system 3 by wheels 26 and parallel double field rail 2 to farmland 1 conduction gravity.Each group of return pulley 26 respectively band driving and direction adjusting apparatus.Parallel double field rail 2 also have some electric poles 23 erect power line steel pipe 24.
Single shaft one dimension is followed the tracks of and twin shaft bidimensional follows the tracks of the output about 10% and 30% that can increase photovoltaic battery panel respectively.The present invention, except adopting existing various single shaft and double-shaft tracking mechanism, also designs the bidimensional solar tracking device of employing three electric pushrod.Electric pushrod is a kind of conventional electronic components and parts, comprises fixed lever and motion bar; The end of its motion bar and the bottom of fixed lever comprise spherical pair linkage interface with linkage interface.Can to move as forward-reverse along axial line own and change the spatiality of connected load in the end of the motion bar of electric pushrod.
Chassis 5 in Figure 14 and Figure 16, lower main electric pushrod 46, major network frame plate 50 and lower secondary electric pushrod 47 form a following dashed rectangle 51 and the quadrangle shown in dotted line quadrilateral frame 52.The lower main electric pushrod 46 of order is rigidly connected with chassis 5, and makes major network frame plate 50 connect lower main electric pushrod 46 and lower secondary electric pushrod 47 by spherical pair mechanism, the more lower secondary electric pushrod 47 of order is also connected by spherical pair mechanism with between chassis 5.So both can overcome the characteristic of quadrilateral structure instability, major network frame plate 50 can be made again to stir freely.The lower main electric pushrod 46 of order bears more weighing load can alleviate the above-mentioned load about spherical pair structure reduction weight and cost.
Equally, the upper main electric pushrod 48 in Figure 14, photovoltaic battery panel 9, upper secondary electric pushrod 49 and major network frame plate 50 form an as above quadrangle shown in dashed rectangle 53.In order, main electric pushrod 48 is rigidly connected with major network frame plate 50, and makes photovoltaic battery panel 9 connect upper main electric pushrod 48 and upper secondary electric pushrod 49 by spherical pair mechanism, the upper secondary electric pushrod 49 of order is also connected by spherical pair mechanism with between major network frame plate 50.So both can overcome the characteristic of quadrilateral structure instability, photovoltaic battery panel 9 can be made again to stir freely.In order, main electric pushrod 48 bears more weighing load and can alleviate the above-mentioned load about spherical pair structure and reduce weight and cost.
As can be seen from Figure 16: if all photovoltaic battery panels 9 are arranged in a plane, 27 electric pushrods altogether of 9 pieces of photovoltaic battery panels 9 can be saved and a large amount of gaps can not be reserved between individual photovoltaic battery panel 9, but two lateral extents be 5 meters photovoltaic battery panel 9 only one dimension follow the tracks of be in 45 ° of states as oblique doublet time, its flash will exceed 3.535 meters, low limit.Add the height 1 meter on low limit, flash overhead has over 4.5 meters; Bidimensional is followed the tracks of and also will be increased about 1 meter and highly reach 5.5 to be equivalent to two floors of floor height 2.7 meters high.And adopt and adopt two-stage bidimensional trackings and the sun light tracking of major network frame plate 50 and the sun light tracking of each photovoltaic battery panel 9 as shown in Figure 14 and Figure 16, even if do bidimensional tracking like this, involved limiting altitude overhead also can on year-on-year basis lower than 3.5 meters.In addition, the overall manufacturing cost of the monolith substrate of integrated 9 pieces of photovoltaic battery panels 9 may exceed that the two-stage of the embodiment of the present invention 10 follows the tracks of, and it is also more responsive to wind-force.
Adopt three electric pushrods just can realize the bidimensional of photovoltaic battery panel towards control.Arrange three points at the back side of photovoltaic battery panel 9 in Figure 15, one of them is put long line that main electric pushrod spherical pair structural attachment point 54 is positioned at cross centre line slightly offsets from below central point and locates; Remaining two points secondary electric pushrod spherical pair structural attachment point 55 is positioned at long line both sides place above cross centre line central point.
Figure 17 from behind can find out: under adopting electronic screw body to make, main electric pushrod 46 and lower secondary electric pushrod 47 have the long advantage of stroke.
When lower main electric pushrod 46 and lower secondary electric pushrod 47 drop to minimum point on its feed screw nut, its upper end can be made through the gap photovoltaic battery panel, to reduce photovoltaic battery panel to greatest extent.When there being strong wind, the lower windage of photovoltaic battery panel is less.
Electronic screw body comprises a screw body and an electronic worm-and-wheel gear.
The feed screw nut that electronic screw mandrel comprises screw mandrel and coordinates with screw mandrel; Electronic worm-and-wheel gear comprises the turbine of an electronic worm screw and and electronic worm engaging; Turbine and feed screw nut's integral production also can adopt revolute pair mechanism to be connected with basis or load.Electronic worm screw relies on the drive unit be in transmission connection with it to drive; Described drive unit comprises motor and decelerator.Electronic worm screw rotating band movable wire stem nut turbine and load are done to be equivalent to moving up and down of basis.
The electronic screw body controlled for sun light tracking needs configuration angle memory device to implement precise hard_drawn tuhes.Usual angle memory device comprises the disk that is connected concentric on motor, uniform 36 through holes on described disk.A light source and an optical signal sensor are set respectively at the two ends of described through hole.When disk rotational, through hole shines directly into optical signal sensor by the light of light source each time, and angle memory device all can be made once to count.Accumulative all motor corner numbers can know the tracking mode of each photovoltaic battery panel, the state of adding parallel double field rail residing for described removable photovoltaic generating system comprises the information that the real-time calculating of its orientation, computer clock, on-the-spot sun altitude and illumination angle and sunlight state sensor provide, and just can be formed at that time to the control signal of described tracking means.Be 25 with the tooth number of feed screw nut's pitch 10 millimeters of described electric pushrod, described worm gear, the speed ratio 37 of decelerator, then motor often rotates 100 turns, and the corresponding displacement of feed screw nut on screw mandrel is about 1.081(10/25/37*100) millimeter.
More than three electric pushrods can also be adopted to drive, at this moment will prevent correlation tracking mechanism from forming the redundant structure phenomenon described in theory of mechanics.
The operation principle of embodiment 10 can be summarized as follows: daytime, computer control system, according to program with by the weather forecast that communication module obtains, sends instruction and makes photovoltaic battery panel 9 maintain the original state or enter and be in windproof state or continue to follow the tracks of sunlight.By inverter the direct current change of current become alternating current when removable photovoltaic generating system 3 light electrogenesis reaches some strength and outwards export electric energy by the power line in power line steel pipe 24.Meanwhile, adopt different speed to walk on parallel double field rail 2 according to the situation of the crops 56 in farmland, accomplish that crops 56 normal growth in generating and farmland is neglected neither.Centre, embodiment 10 chassis 5 chooses height and power line steel pipe 24 keeps lower position to be also the consideration grown for treatment crops 56.
Figure 17 provides eleventh embodiment of the invention.
In Figure 17, electric pushrod comprises a casing 57, push rod 58, Vidacare corp 59, screw mandrel 60 and feed screw nut 61.Casing 57, push rod 58, Vidacare corp 59, screw mandrel 60 and feed screw nut 61 arranged concentric.Vidacare corp 59 comprises motor and decelerator.Vidacare corp 59 is fixed on bottom casing 57.Feed screw nut 61 coordinates with screw mandrel 60 and is connected with push rod 58.Along with rotating and reverse of motor, push rod can move forward and backward within the specific limits.
Figure 18 provides twelveth embodiment of the invention.
In Figure 18, electronic screw lift structure comprises an elevating screw mechanism and an electronic worm-and-wheel gear; Elevating screw mechanism comprises an elevating screw 60 and a feed screw nut 61 coordinated with elevating screw 60; Electronic worm-and-wheel gear comprise an electronic worm screw 62 and one with electronic worm engaging and with the worm gear of feed screw nut 61 integral production; Electronic worm screw 62 is with an electric driving mechanism 59.Be connected with basis bottom elevating screw 60; Feed screw nut 61 worm gear is connected with load by a revolute pair mechanism.Electronic worm screw 62 rotates forward or reverses and drives feed screw nut 61 worm gear to be elevated and make load comparative basis increase or decline.
In Figure 18 embodiment, be connected by spherical pair mechanism with basis bottom elevating screw 60, feed screw nut 61 worm gear is connected with load by a spherical pair mechanism, can be used as each secondary electric pushrod in embodiment 10; Be fixedly connected with basis bottom elevating screw 60, feed screw nut 61 worm gear is connected with load by a spherical pair mechanism, can be used as each main electric pushrod in embodiment 10.
In Figure 18 embodiment, when described basis be chassis with the wheels assembly be connected bottom elevating screw, described load and elevating screw 60 by one-dimensional movement vice mechanism to be connected with chassis limit elevating screw rotate around Pivot Point Center line time, just form a chassis elevating mechanism, electronic worm screw 62 rotates forward or reverses and drives feed screw nut 61 worm gear to be elevated and make load chassis comparative basis wheels assembly increase or decline.Chassis adopt four described chassis elevating mechanisms be connected with four wheels assemblies, both can pass through chassis, chassis elevating mechanism and wheels assembly and transmit gravity to field rail, the rising that four described chassis elevating mechanisms can be made again to be synchronized with the movement realize chassis or reduce action.Chassis level obliquity sensor can also be configured comprise along chassis fore-and-aft direction namely along the chassis fore-and-aft direction level inclination transducer of field rail center line fore-and-aft direction and the chassis left and right directions level inclination transducer along chassis left and right directions on chassis.Described chassis level obliquity sensor is made to be connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with the electronic worm screw 62 of four chassis elevating mechanisms, then can realize chassis state and reduce lifting and level inclination control according to the instruction of main control computer, form a chassis balance Control Scheme subsystem.
Figure 19 provides thirteenth embodiment of the invention.
In Figure 19, the power transmission line steel pipe of the electric linkage interface of inner band comprises power line steel pipe 24, be arranged at power line core 64 with exposed surface on the insulating material of power line steel pipe 24 inside, connect electric reed 65, connect electric reed substrate 66, terminal box 67 and caulking gum sheet 68.Four cores 64 are electrically connected with the three-phase and four-line of electrical network; Substrate 66 connects four and connects electric reed 65 and be connected with terminal box 67 through the slot 69 of power line steel pipe 24.The line related line of removable photovoltaic generating system realizes the electrical connection with electrical network by terminal box 67.In Figure 19, for convenience of interpreting blueprints, electric reed 65 will be connect and separate some distances with substrate 66, only for understanding the position connecing electric reed 65; Connect electric reed 65 to only have to fit with substrate 66 and could realize being electrically connected.When real work, removable photovoltaic generating system drives terminal box 67 to move, and relies on the pressure connecing electric reed 65 to remain on the good electrical in moving with elasticity and is connected.Caulking gum sheet 68 can recover closure state and prevent dust from entering power line steel pipe 24 after substrate 66 is removed.
In Figure 19, core 64, to connect electric reed 65, caulking gum sheet 68 and slot 69 length equal with steel pipe 24; Connect electric reed 65 tens of milliseconds and driven by removable photovoltaic generating system and realize electrical connection in movement.
Figure 20 and Figure 21 provides fourteenth embodiment of the invention jointly.
In Figure 20, the power transmission line steel pipe of an electric linkage interface of easy folding inner band, comprises motherboard 71, left lid 72, right lid 73.Be embedded with an electrical connection interface at left lid 72 and right lid 73 inside, described electrical connection interface comprises C type chute 74 and two substrates 66.The flange 75 of motherboard 71, left lid 72 and right lid 73 form the housing of the power transmission line steel pipe of the electric linkage interface of easy folding inner band.Motherboard 71 is integrated with the core 64 of the power line of 8 band exposed surfaces, with dividing plate 76, light current wire casing 77 and flange 75.4,8 core 64 right sides are for transmitting the three-phase and four-line of alternating current altogether, and by electrical connection interface base plate 66 connect electric reed 65 and wire barrel 78 is electrically connected with removable photovoltaic generating system.Dividing plate 76 is for isolating adjacent core 64; 4, left side heart yearn 64 is for low-voltage DC power line and for subsequent use.Light current wire casing 77 is for depositing holding wire and the communication temperature-measuring optical fiber of various transducer.Left lid 72 and right lid 73 symmetrical shape, but the top tongue of left lid 72 can embed in the tongue of right lid 73 than the slightly smaller of right lid 73.C type chute 74 comprises upper hopper chute 79, gliding groove 80 and C type bar 81, and upper hopper chute 79 coordinates with the tongue at right lid 73 top; Gliding groove 80 coordinates with flange 75.Motherboard 71 is equal with right lid 73 three length with the left lid 72 forming power transmission line steel pipe housing; The length about 20 to 140 millimeters of C type chute 74 and substrate 66 is also driven by removable photovoltaic generating system realize electrical connection in movement.Electric pole 23 supports power transmission line steel pipe.The electric pole 23 being in farmland 1 border doubles as the passage between the underground pipe of block terminal 82 and protection power line sometimes.
In Figure 20, for convenience of interpreting blueprints, electric reed 65 will be connect and separate some distances with substrate 66, only for understanding the position connecing electric reed 65; Connect electric reed 65 to only have to fit with substrate 66 and could realize being electrically connected.When real work, rely on the pressure connecing electric reed 65 to remain on the good electrical in moving with elasticity and be connected.
Core for subsequent use in Figure 20 can be used for the power line of electric fence and adopts left lid 72 and right lid 73 as the charged interface of electric fence, does harm to and management livestock for preventing beast.
Figure 21 only describes the shape during power transmission line steel pipe all parts independence of the easily electric linkage interface of folding inner band in Figure 20 embodiment for convenience.
Figure 22 and 23 provides fifteenth embodiment of the invention jointly.
In Figure 22 and Figure 23, parallel double field rail 2 is set in farmland for travelling the movable solar energy multiplex utilization facilities of a band mew, comprise comprehensive solar energy housing 101, wheels 26, be arranged at worm and gear follower 102 between comprehensive solar energy housing 101 and wheels 26, grid structure 103, comprehensive solar energy housing 101 top solar energy collecting utilize device 104, comprehensive solar energy housing 101 inside the cloudy crop growth of happiness between 105 and mew 106.
The chassis 5 that worm and gear drives follower 102 to comprise the turbine 107 that is fixedly connected with the grid structure 103 bottom comprehensive solar energy housing 101 and one to be connected four wheels assemblies.Grid structure 103 is connected with chassis 5 by a revolute pair.Turbine 107 can form a worm and gear driving mechanism with being installed on together with the electronic worm screw 108 on chassis 5 with the worm gear flank of tooth.When electronic worm screw 108 is rotated, grid structure 103 does rotating relative to chassis 5 together with the comprehensive solar energy housing 101 on it.Electronic worm screw 108 is connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit, therefore, it is possible to the state realizing movable solar energy multiplex utilization facilities changes according to the change of the dependent instruction of main control computer and follows the tracks of sunlight all the time.In figure, dashed rectangle represents that state possible in sunlight process followed the tracks of by comprehensive solar energy housing 101.
The solar energy collecting at comprehensive solar energy housing top utilizes that device 104 comprises photovoltaic power generation plate, solar energy heat collector, solar energy baking equipment, Photospot solar utilize one of parts, nursery greenhouse.Like cloudy crops and comprise mushroom.Grid structure 103 is covered with floor, raise poultry and domestic animal in the mew 106 that the solar energy collecting at floor and comprehensive solar energy housing 101 top utilizes the spatial synthesis solar energy housing 101 of the bottom portion defining of device 104.Evening, under movable solar energy multiplex utilization facilities is in the supervision of professional security company or get back to the lee of storehouse on farmland 1 limit.
Above-described embodiment is that the old labour in younger rural area provides suitable work position, while planting vegetables, raise mushroom, poultry and livestock.The removable breeding on people's pipe 10 mu of ground, annual work 200 days, working 1 to 3 hour, can increase income 1 to 2 ten thousand yuan/year by providing the organic productss such as meat milk fowl every day.Throughout the year in farmland dynamic be also conducive to healthy.Removable breeding is that straw utilization finds an outlet, and provides organic fertilizer endlessly to keep soil fertility and farmland to go extensive use of chemical fertilizer to provide condition for farmland.
In Figure 23, position, chassis under, grid structure is upper.Be fixedly connected with the wheels 26 in embodiment 15 if turbine 107 is reduced and changes into, then above being turned on chassis 5, then can form a wheels steering control device.At this moment, electronic worm screw 108 rotating drive wheels 26 do rotating relative to chassis 5.Electronic worm screw 108 is connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit, makes the state of wheels 26 change according to the output state of the surperficial camera 96 of field rail 2 and change and keep four wheels 26 to be in suitable state all the time.Thus, wheels 26 automatic centering can be realized and automatically turn to along field rail 2.The tracking technique of automatic welding and cutting device to chalk lines can be comprised with reference to prior art from motion tracking to route.
Figure 24 provides sixteenth embodiment of the invention.
In Figure 24, manufacture the computer controlled subsystem of a removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail, comprise governor circuit 111, the memory device 112 be connected with governor circuit 111 signal, communication module and interface circuit 113 thereof, satellite positioning module, wireless broadcast reception module, man-machine interface and interface circuit 114 thereof and casing, , inverter interface circuit 115, alignment sensor interface circuit 116, wheels Vidacare corp and interface circuit 117 thereof, power line detection module and interface circuit 118 thereof, lower main electric pushrod and interface circuit 119 thereof, lower secondary electric pushrod and interface circuit 120 thereof, upper main electric pushrod and interface circuit 121 thereof, upper secondary electric pushrod and interface circuit 122 thereof and watch-dog and interface circuit 123 thereof.It is characterized in that governor circuit 111, memory device 112, communication module interface circuit 113, user-machine interface circuit 114, inverter interface circuit 115, alignment sensor interface circuit 116, wheels Vidacare corp interface circuit 117, power line inspection module surveys interface circuit 118, lower main electric pushrod interface circuit 119, lower secondary electric pushrod interface circuit 120, upper main electric pushrod interface circuit 121, upper secondary electric pushrod interface circuit 122 is connected by bus 124 with watch-dog interface circuit 123.

Claims (8)

1. the removable photovoltaic generating system method of the farmland base of the rail: photovoltaic battery panel is set above farmland, makes photovoltaic battery panel constantly move around; In the cycle that moves around, shading factor is called to crops shading time and the ratio in the cycle that moves around; Preferred shading factor scope is 8% to 14%; The basis of building removable photovoltaic generating system and automatic cultivating apparatus in farmland comprises: 1) photosynthesis is in the strength range of sunlight, is not always directly proportional to sunlight intensity; For example be subject to paddy in the rice field, both sides of north-south trees band shading with by the growing way of shading and output about the same; 2), under high-temperature condition, a certain amount of shading can help plant to accelerate photosynthesis by reducing temperature;
Manufacture and design and in farmland, install field rail, field rail can also be used for the water of isolating field, both sides;
Manufacture and design and other station power line is installed in farmland;
Build the farmland of band field rail, described farmland comprises the earth's surface of various growing plant, such as paddy field, irrigated land, nonirrigated farmland, terraced fields and hillside fields; Build and comprise the terraced fields that Cheng Fang is smooth vertical and horizontal with building terraced fields dam in flakes; Field rail is set in farmland, existing terraced fields dam is transformed into the field rail that can travel the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail and/or automatic cultivating apparatus and the electric pole arranged along field rail layout and other station power line; Parallel double field rail is straight or bending, mutually can be connected growth; Can be continuous in the shape of a spiral and to be arranged on terraced fields or hillside and along the direction of advance band gradient; East and West direction or other direction are arranged; Field rail contains with the installation interface of the cushion block be arranged in farmland and pile and has straight, continuous and smooth load surface; Field rail is arranged on fixing or revocable ground; The soil that described fixing ground comprises compacting or the basis be made up of other material; On-fixed ground comprises the block involved with field rail; Parallelism error between described one group of two field rail is less than 30 millimeters;
Manufacture and design the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail, comprise photovoltaic battery panel, be provided with the chassis of two skate group assemblies, solar tracking device, Computer Control Unit, communication module, satellite navigation locating module, watch-dog, the removable electric linkage interface that is electrically connected with other power line of standing; Wheels assembly comprises containing one with the wheels of upper roller, wheels drive unit and wheels steering control device; Make described wheels assembly, solar tracking device, communication module, satellite navigation locating module, watch-dog are connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with removable electric linkage interface, the state of described wheels assembly and photovoltaic battery panel is changed according to main control computer instruction change; The field rail of described photovoltaic generating system in farmland moves and is continued and extraneous power network Change Power by removable electric linkage interface and other station power line; The distance that moves around of photovoltaic generating system comprises field rail that border, leap more than one group field is connected, the speed that moves around comprises speed quick and on duty, and its scope comprises 1 to 10 meter per second and 0. 01 to 1 meter per second respectively; Getting parallel double field rail orbit centre linear distance is 5*(1-0.618)=1.91 meters, many group parallel double adjacent spacing of field rail of laying also gets 5 meters;
The base of the rail movable solar energy manufactured and designed with pitched roof shape top cover utilizes system.
2. the field rail of method manufacture according to claim 1, installs in farmland; Its form and material comprise armored concrete field rail, shaped steel steel pipe field rail and shaped steel steel-tube construction body field rail, it is characterized in that the track-like thing often organizing two parallel double containing more than a group, or containing wall scroll track-like thing, or containing the track-like thing with terraced fields dam integral production, described track-like thing contains straight, continuous and smooth load contact face; Described track-like thing directly or by field base of the rail plinth is connected with farmland, described field base of the rail plinth comprise go deep into farmland pile, stub, cushion block and compacting soil.
3. the other station power line of method manufacture according to claim 1, for connecting extraneous power network, comprising housing, being arranged at more than one power line core of enclosure interior, it is characterized in that adopting electric pole to support is arranged at field trackside; Housing contains an elongated notch; Described power line contains continuous, smooth exposed surface as the electrical connection interface with the external world.
4. the farmland of method construction band field rail according to claim 1, described farmland comprises the earth's surface of various growing plant, such as paddy field, irrigated land, nonirrigated farmland, terraced fields and hillside fields; Described transformation comprises Cheng Fang in flakes, builds the smooth vertical and horizontal terraced fields in terraced fields dam, it is characterized in that in farmland, arrange field rail and along the other station power line that field rail is arranged, described field rail comprises the track-like thing that more than a group is often organized two parallel double, or containing wall scroll track-like thing; Or the transformation of existing terraced fields dam or integration system are made the field rail that can travel the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail and/or automatic cultivating apparatus; And the other station power line arranged along field rail is set; Described other station power line contains power line and long electrical connection interface same with power line.
5. the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail of method manufacture according to claim 1, comprise photovoltaic battery panel, the chassis of two skate group assemblies be installed, solar tracking device, computer controlled automatic device, communication module, watch-dog, the electric pole arranged together with the rail of field and other power line of stand, and the removable electric linkage interface that power line of being stood in the output interface of photovoltaic battery panel or inverter and side is electrically connected; Wheels assembly comprises containing one with the wheels of upper roller, wheels drive unit and wheels steering control device; Wheels drive unit only can be arranged one and also can arrange one or each roller arranges one in the total Chengdu of each wheels by multiple wheels assembly; Wheels driving mechanism comprises drive motors and decelerator and is in transmission connection with roller, it is characterized in that described wheels assembly, solar tracking device, communication module, watch-dog are connected with main control computer signal by interface circuit with removable electric linkage interface, the state of described wheels assembly and photovoltaic battery panel is changed according to the dependent instruction change of main control computer; The field rail of described photovoltaic generating system in farmland moves and is continued and extraneous power network Change Power by removable electric linkage interface.
6. the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail according to claim 5, is characterized in that containing electronic screw body sunlight elevation angle and an illumination angle tracking means based on to take grid structure as the electronic screw body sunlight elevation angle of load and illumination angle tracking means and one based on grid structure with photovoltaic battery panel be on chassis load; Described tracking means comprises more than three according to the uniform electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism of load and interface circuit thereof; Described electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism comprises an electronic screw mandrel and a feed screw nut coordinated with described electronic screw mandrel; At least one of them is connected with basis or load by a spherical pair mechanism for described electronic screw mandrel or feed screw nut; The interface circuit of described electronic screw mandrel drive mechanism is connected with main control computer signal; The state of described grid structure and photovoltaic battery panel changes according to the dependent instruction of main control computer and changes.
7. the base of the rail movable solar energy with pitched roof shape top cover of method manufacture according to claim 1 utilizes system, and the solar energy collecting comprising a pitched roof shape top cover utilizes device, chassis, Computer Control Unit, communication module, watch-dog, other power line and the removable electric linkage interface that is electrically connected with station, side power line of standing arranged together with the rail of field; Be with or be not with solar tracking device; The solar energy collecting of described pitched roof shape top cover utilizes device to be in tilted layout in the top of described solar energy utilization system, it is characterized in that described wheels assembly, communication module, watch-dog, removable electric linkage interface solar tracking device are connected with main control computer signal by respective interface circuit, make change the constantly movement on field rail in farmland according to the change of the dependent instruction of main control computer of the state of described wheels assembly, and keep the electrical connection with extraneous power network by removable electric linkage interface; The breeding space between device and chassis is utilized to contain crops and/or poultry between pitched roof shape top cover solar energy collecting.
8. the computer controlled subsystem of the removable photovoltaic generating system of the base of the rail of method manufacture according to claim 1, comprise main control computer, the memory device, communication module and the interface circuit thereof that are connected with main control computer signal, satellite positioning module and interface circuit, wireless broadcast reception module and interface circuit, man-machine interface and interface circuit thereof and casing, also comprise inverter interface circuit, power line detection device interface circuit and watch-dog interface circuit; Described main control computer comprises the remote computer that local computer is connected with by signaling interface, it is characterized in that the governor circuit of described main control computer, memory device, communication module interface circuit, satellite positioning module interface circuit, wireless broadcast reception module interface circuit, user-machine interface circuit, inverter interface circuit, power line detection interface circuit realizes signal with watch-dog interface circuit by bus and is connected.
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