CN104746455B - A kind of big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method - Google Patents

A kind of big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104746455B
CN104746455B CN201510145748.5A CN201510145748A CN104746455B CN 104746455 B CN104746455 B CN 104746455B CN 201510145748 A CN201510145748 A CN 201510145748A CN 104746455 B CN104746455 B CN 104746455B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
scrubbing
round brush
arm
support
grades
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CN201510145748.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104746455A (en
Inventor
李培启
盛伯荣
肖幼华
丁炜
张颖君
张姝娟
谭敏元
万松青
Original Assignee
徐州海伦哲专用车辆股份有限公司
上海市政养护管理有限公司
上海高架养护管理有限公司
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Application filed by 徐州海伦哲专用车辆股份有限公司, 上海市政养护管理有限公司, 上海高架养护管理有限公司 filed Critical 徐州海伦哲专用车辆股份有限公司
Priority to CN201510145748.5A priority Critical patent/CN104746455B/en
Publication of CN104746455A publication Critical patent/CN104746455A/en
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Publication of CN104746455B publication Critical patent/CN104746455B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/005Mobile installations, particularly for upkeeping in situ road or railway furniture, for instance road barricades, traffic signs; Mobile installations particularly for upkeeping tunnel walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/10Hydraulically loosening or dislodging undesirable matter; Raking or scraping apparatus ; Removing liquids or semi-liquids e.g., absorbing water, sliding-off mud
    • E01H1/101Hydraulic loosening or dislodging, combined or not with mechanical loosening or dislodging, e.g. road washing machines with brushes or wipers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method, including a, this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is rested in appropriate location;B supports seat and is respectively symmetrically the front and back acting against damping flat spring;C supports wheel contact and supports on the ground;D control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes base section arm raising to suitably height;E telescopic joint arm extend out to suitable distance in base section arm;F makes leveling bracket rout up, be lifted to horizontal level;G washing and brushing device assembly rotates, and round brush is in the face of the state in the face of scrubbing;H round brush rotates;I round brush is close scrubs face until contacting;J nozzle starts sparging swabbing and scrubs;K selects different scrubbing manner according to different faces of scrubbing.Big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle utilizes this operational method can scrub the end face in the highest viaduct, the baseplane of overpass or tunnel, it is possible to Fixed Point Operation realizes that bridge pier is multiple scrubs once scrubbing of face, simple to operate, operation convenient.

Description

A kind of big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method, specifically one big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method, Belong to bridge cleaning equipment technical field.

Background technology

Along with developing rapidly of China's economy, the high speed of vehicular traffic flow increases, incity, city viaduct, belt overpass And the quantity in mountain tunnel, river-crossing tunnel or Chuan Hu tunnel is increasing, the greasy dirt in a large amount of tail gas that vehicle is discharged and high speed A large amount of airborne dusts that the driving vehicle passed through is rolled mix and are eventually adhering on metope, gobo and guardrail, accumulate over a long period Being formed for obvious spot, spot not only can affect attractive in appearance, and can affect illuminating effect, and serious even affects driver Sight line and then affect traffic safety, it usually needs metope, gobo and guardrail carry out routine cleaning maintenance, removes spot.

Wall surface cleaning vehicle be for urban road facade cleaning work special vehicle, be tunnel metope and gobo clear Washing the preferred unit of upkeep operation, owing to using the wall surface cleaning vehicle of hairbrush cleaning way to have, transaction capabilities is good, working performance The advantages such as high, single effective operation time and mileage length, operating cost are low, the most existing wall surface cleaning vehicle uses hair mostly Brush cleaning way, is generally comprised car body assembly, folds arm and washing and brushing device assembly etc., driven by fluid pressure drive device Fold arm can be raised and lowered, so realize washing and brushing device assembly scrub height change, driven by fluid pressure drive device Washing and brushing device assembly can horizontally rotate direction thus realize multiple directions and scrub.

This traditional wall surface cleaning vehicle and operational method there is also following defect:

1., owing to the width of car body assembly is typically not over the width of runway, length the most typically will not be oversize, causes Fold the limited length of arm, washing and brushing device assembly scrub height-limited system, can only be to the relatively low facade metope of height, sound insulation Screen or guardrail are scrubbed, it is impossible to baseplane or the tunnel to the height facade metope, viaduct and overpass more than 10 meters End face directly scrub, generally or use manual cleaning mode, by building scaffold or the equipment such as Operation Van of ascending a height Carrying out high pressure water washing operation, not only cleaning efficiency is low, cleaning effect is poor, labor intensity is big, manpower and materials become with management This is higher, and the vehicle run at high speed on road also constitutes potential safety hazard, meanwhile, the work of high pressure water washing to operating personnel Industry mode, flushed after easily leave residue in the scope of operation, and for ensureing long-time uninterrupted operation, operating area needs Thering is provided sufficient external cleaning water source, operating area is restricted;

2. height-limited owing to scrubbing, therefore the eminence of viaduct or the bridge pier of overpass can not be scrubbed, and scrub During the lower of bridge pier, need according to the different directions adjusting car bodies scrubbing face in good time, it is impossible to Fixed Point Operation realizes that bridge pier is multiple to be washed Once scrubbing of brush finish, operate more complicated, operation is inconvenient;

3. due to by fold arm length limitation, when scrubbing facade metope, gobo or guardrail, be typically only capable to be positioned at vertical Carry out scrubbing operation on the track that face wall face, gobo or guardrail are nearest, and be typically only capable to one direction advance operation, Bu Nenghou Moving back operation, i.e. can advance and scrub, can not fall back and scrub, what single scrubbed complete local scrubs face After, the one direction that need to turn around just again to advance is advanced and is scrubbed, and it is single to scrub the method for operation, and not only working performance is low, And need long-time road occupying operation.

Summary of the invention

For the problems referred to above, the present invention provides a kind of big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method, it is possible to the highest The end face in viaduct, the baseplane of overpass or tunnel is scrubbed, and can realize two-way operation, have and multiple scrub operation Mode, it is possible to Fixed Point Operation realizes that bridge pier is multiple scrubs once scrubbing of face, simple to operate, operation convenient.

For achieving the above object, the big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle bag that this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method uses Include car body assembly, telescopic arm, device for adjusting posture, washing and brushing device assembly, total power off-axis formula transfer case, water pump, Water tank and control device, car body assembly includes chassis, subframe, chassis rigid support mechanism and auxiliary supporting leg, the end Dish rigid support mechanism includes supporting cylinder and supports seat, auxiliary supporting leg include support telescopic hydraulic cylinder, support wheel base and Support wheel;Telescopic arm includes support post, base section arm and at least one telescopic joint arm, and support post bottom is returned by column Turning supporting device to be connected with subframe, column revolving supporting device includes that pivoting support drives, and support post is provided with lifting liquid Cylinder pressure, is provided with passage hydraulic cylinder inside base section arm;Device for adjusting posture is connected with the minor details top of telescopic joint arm, including adjusting Lift frame, one-level swing mechanism, master connecting-rod seat, connecting rod, connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder, slave connecting rod seat, two grades of swing mechanisms, pendulum Dynamic seat and three grades of swing mechanisms;Washing and brushing device assembly is connected with the end of device for adjusting posture, including round brush support, round brush, Round brush drive mechanism, water retaining cover and sparge pipe;Following steps are specifically included during use:

A. this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is rested in appropriate location;

B. control supporting cylinder to synchronize to extend downwardly from suitable distance and make support seat be respectively symmetrically to act against damping flat spring Front and back, the rigid support that the floating connection between chassis ridgepole and back axle is changed between chassis ridgepole and back axle;

C. control support telescopic hydraulic cylinder synchronous to extend downwardly from making support wheel contact support on the ground;

D. control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes base section arm raising to suitably height;

E. control passage hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes telescopic joint arm extend out to suitable distance in base section arm;

F. leveling hydraulic cylinder stretches out, connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder is stretched out and made leveling bracket rout up, be lifted to horizontal level in control;

G. control one-level swing mechanism, two grades of swing mechanisms, three grades of swing mechanism actions make washing and brushing device assembly rotate, and make rolling Brush is in the face of the state in the face of scrubbing;

H. controlling the unlatching of round brush drive mechanism makes round brush rotate;

I. controlling column revolving supporting device makes round brush near scrubbing face until contacting;

J. control water pump to open and make the nozzle on sparge pipe start sparging swabbing to scrub;

K. different scrubbing manner is selected according to different faces of scrubbing.

As one embodiment of the present invention, when scrubbing facade metope, described step k uses mobile and horizontal to scrub Mode, i.e. control the vertical state making the roller brush shaft of round brush be parallel to facade metope, holding is scrubbed the most constant, by control Total power off-axis formula transfer case processed makes this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle advance walking while scrubbing from starting point to the end This sustained height scrub face, until complete that this highly scrubs face scrubs work, the lifting of regulation base section arm the most once again Highly, fall back from terminal to starting point and be adjusted scrubbing work, by that analogy, the most several times by vertical plane wall after scrubbing height Face is all scrubbed region and is scrubbed complete.

As one embodiment of the present invention, when scrubbing facade metope, described step k uses vertical registration to scrub Mode, i.e. first this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is positioned braking, then control to make the roller brush shaft of round brush be parallel to vertical plane wall The level in face, now control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out or retraction makes the lifting of base section arm raising or reduces, and controls to push away simultaneously Hydrodynamic pressure stretches out or retraction makes telescopic joint arm stretch out or retraction in base section arm, on the vertical direction in round brush overlay area Scrub vertically scrubbing of face, after scrubbing this region complete, the angle of revolution of adjustable upright column Slewing Support Mechanism or regulation One-level swing mechanism or regulation two grades of swing mechanisms make one step pitch of round brush stepping, can carry out next step away from scrub face Scrub work, until that all scrubs face in completing hunting range vertically scrubs work, then make this big height bridge metope Cleaning Vehicle is advanced suitably apart from rear location, proceeds vertically scrubbing of next hunting range wash-in brush finish.

As one embodiment of the present invention, when scrubbing the end face of the baseplane of viaduct and overpass or tunnel, described Step k: control the level of end face making the roller brush shaft of round brush be parallel to viaduct and the baseplane of overpass or tunnel, Now by control total power off-axis formula transfer case make this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle walking the most forward, while scrubbing, Until complete this cleaning surface scrubs work, then control column revolving supporting device and make one step pitch of round brush transverse translation, then Spend by controlling total power off-axis formula transfer case and making this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle walking the most backward, while scrubbing, as The end face in viaduct and the baseplane of overpass or tunnel is back and forth all scrubbed complete by several times.

As one embodiment of the present invention, when scrubbing the bridge pier of viaduct or overpass, described step k: first incite somebody to action this Big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle location braking, controls the level making the roller brush shaft of round brush be parallel to bridge pier facade, now Control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out or retraction makes the lifting of base section arm raising or reduces, and controls to promote hydraulic pressure to stretch out simultaneously or retraction makes Telescopic joint arm stretches out or retraction in base section arm, and carry out scrubbing local, face vertically scrubs work, then adjusts telescopic joint arm Stretch out once again in base section arm or retraction to suitably distance or adjusts two grades of swing mechanisms and/or three grades of swing mechanisms make to scrub One step pitch of the horizontal stepping of assembly of devices, proceeds vertically scrubbing of the face of scrubbing, until completing this to scrub scrubbing of face Work;Adjustment telescopic joint arm stretches out in base section arm once again or retraction is to suitably distance, two grades of oscillating machines of adjustment the most once again Structure and/or three grades of swing mechanisms make washing and brushing device assembly scrub towards the another one vertically face of scrubbing of bridge pier, with this type of Pushing away, complete all vertically to scrub face scrubs work.

Compared with prior art, the big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle that this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method uses Telescopic arm is owing to can arranging multiple telescopic joint arm and being connected with device for adjusting posture, therefore by stretching out telescopic joint arm and adjustment Device for adjusting posture can be to the baseplane of the height facade metope, viaduct and overpass more than 10 meters or the end face in tunnel Directly scrubbing, do not use the mode of Manual-cleaning of manually ascending a height, cleaning efficiency is high, cleaning effect is good;Due to big height The device for adjusting posture of bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is a parallelogram four-link luffing, has two C coordinates and rotates Mechanism (i.e. along the one-level swing mechanism that vertical axis is rotation axis and two grades of swing mechanisms), an A CORDIC structure (i.e. along three grades of swing mechanisms that X-direction horizontal axis is rotation axis) and a B CORDIC structure are (i.e. along Y-axis Direction horizontal axis is the leveling bracket of rotation axis), therefore can swing with multiple degrees of freedom, it is possible to viaduct or overpass Bridge pier carry out a Fixed Point Operation and realize that bridge pier is multiple scrubs once scrubbing of face, be simultaneously suitable for arbitrarily angled face of scrubbing Scrub work, simple to operate, operation convenience;Owing to big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is provided with total power off-axis formula transfer case, When therefore using the mode that mobile and horizontal is scrubbed when scrubbing facade metope, can make by controlling total power off-axis formula transfer case This big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle advances and walks while scrubbing the face of scrubbing of this sustained height, or predominate regression Walk, while that scrubs this sustained height scrubs face, can complete all to scrub the work of scrubbing in face, operation the most several times Efficiency is high, the road occupying activity duration is short;When scrubbing the end face of the baseplane of viaduct and overpass or tunnel, big height bridge Track shared by wall surface cleaning vehicle can arbitrarily be arranged, it is possible to realizing only taking up a track, can to complete all tracks corresponding Viaduct and overpass baseplane or tunnel roof scrub work, scrub the method for operation flexible.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation during the normal transport condition of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is present invention structural representation when scrubbing duty;

Fig. 4 is device for adjusting posture and the three-dimensional partial structurtes schematic diagram of washing and brushing device assembly of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing vertical metope;

Fig. 6 is present invention schematic three dimensional views when scrubbing duty;

Fig. 7 is present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing bridge top board;

Fig. 8 is present invention schematic diagram when carrying out scrubbing bridge top board across isolation strip;

Fig. 9 is present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing bridge top board edge;

Figure 10 is the Fixed Point Operation of the present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing bridge pier side;

Figure 11 is the Fixed Point Operation of the present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing bridge pier front;

Figure 12 is the Fixed Point Operation of the present invention top view when scrubbing bridge pier front;

Figure 13 is the Fixed Point Operation of the present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing bridge pier left surface;

Figure 14 is the Fixed Point Operation of the present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing the bridge pier back side;

Figure 15 is the Fixed Point Operation of the present invention schematic diagram when scrubbing bridge pier right flank.

In figure: 1, car body assembly, 11, chassis, 12, subframe, 13, chassis rigid support mechanism, 131, Support hydraulic cylinder, 132, support seat, 14, auxiliary supporting leg, 141, support telescopic hydraulic cylinder, 142, support wheel base, 143, Support wheel, 2, telescopic arm, 21, support post, 22, base section arm, 23, telescopic joint arm, 3, device for adjusting posture, 31, leveling bracket, 32, one-level swing mechanism, 33, master connecting-rod seat, 34, connecting rod, 35, connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder, 36, Slave connecting rod seat, 37, two grades of swing mechanisms, 38, swing seat, 39, three grades of swing mechanisms, 4, washing and brushing device assembly, 41, Round brush support, 42, round brush, 43, round brush drive mechanism, 44, water retaining cover, 45, sparge pipe, 5, total power off-axis formula divides Dynamic case, 6, water pump, 7, water tank, 8, control device, 9, manual scrub platform.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle structure that this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method uses as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, figure Shown in 3, including car body assembly 1, telescopic arm 2, device for adjusting posture 3, washing and brushing device assembly 4, total power off-axis formula Transfer case 5, water pump 6, water tank 7 and control device 8 (description is with the direction at driver's cabin place as front below).

Described car body assembly 1 includes driver's cabin, chassis 11, subframe 12, chassis rigid support mechanism 13, auxiliary Supporting leg 14 and running gear, subframe 12 is fixedly connected on chassis 11;

Chassis rigid support mechanism 13 is set to four groups, be respectively symmetrically the damping flat spring being arranged on back axle both sides front and The top correspondence position at rear, including supporting cylinder 131 and support seat 132, supporting cylinder 131 one end and subframe 12 fixing connections, the other end is connected with supporting seat 132, before scrubbing operation, controls supporting cylinder 131 and synchronizes to stretch downwards Going out suitable distance makes support seat 132 be respectively symmetrically the front and back acting against damping flat spring, will chassis 11 crossbeam with Floating connection between back axle is changed into the rigid support between chassis 11 crossbeam and back axle, it is achieved ensures round brush 42 and scrubs Distance between the scope of operation remains in the least excursion;

Auxiliary supporting leg 14 is set to four, is respectively symmetrically the surrounding being arranged on subframe 12, including support telescopic hydraulic cylinder 141, support wheel base 142 and support wheel 143, support telescopic hydraulic cylinder 141 one end is fixedly connected on subframe 12, the other end It is articulated and connected in support wheel base 142, supports wheel 143 and be arranged on the bottom of support wheel base 142, before scrubbing operation, control to prop up Support telescopic hydraulic cylinder 141 synchronizes to extend downwardly from making support wheel 143 contact support on the ground, it is achieved ensure this big height bridge Wall surface cleaning vehicle is the stability of vehicle when Fixed Point Operation or walking operation.

Described telescopic arm 2 is arranged at the rear of driver's cabin, including support post 21, base section arm 22 and at least one stretch Joint arm 23;

Support post 21 bottom is connected with subframe 12 by column revolving supporting device, and column revolving supporting device includes back Turn supporting to drive, during support post 21 can drive telescopic arm 2 to rotate along Slewing Support Mechanism by column revolving supporting device Mandrel is provided with lifting hydraulic cylinder to 360 ° of rotations, support post 21, and lifting hydraulic cylinder one end is articulated and connected in support post 21, the other end is articulated and connected in base section arm 22;

Base section arm 22 bottom is articulated and connected in support post 21 top, can realize by controlling the flexible of lifting hydraulic cylinder Lifting and falling of base section arm 22, is provided with passage hydraulic cylinder inside base section arm 22;

Telescopic joint arm 23 is sleeved in base section arm 22, can realize telescopic joint arm 23 by controlling the flexible of passage hydraulic cylinder Stretching out and retraction in base section arm 22.

As shown in Figure 4, described device for adjusting posture 3 is connected with the minor details top of telescopic joint arm 23, including leveling bracket 31, One-level swing mechanism 32, master connecting-rod seat 33, connecting rod 34, connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder 35,36, two grades of swing mechanisms of slave connecting rod seat 37, swing seat 38 and three grades of swing mechanisms 39;

Leveling bracket 31 one end is articulated and connected with the minor details top of telescopic joint arm 23, is provided with leveling in the minor details of telescopic joint arm 23 Hydraulic cylinder, leveling hydraulic cylinder one end is articulated and connected in leveling bracket 31, and the other end is articulated and connected in the minor details of telescopic joint arm 23, Rotate along horizontal axis by controlling the flexible leveling bracket 31 that can realize of leveling hydraulic cylinder;

The rotary shaft of one-level swing mechanism 32 is along being perpendicular to the hinged direction of minor details with telescopic joint arm 23, leveling bracket 31 one end Direction is fixedly connected on the other end of leveling bracket 31, and one-level swing mechanism 32 can be along being perpendicular to leveling bracket 31 with flexible Rotate freely and position in the range of axis ± 90 ° of the jointed shaft of the minor details of joint arm 23;

Master connecting-rod seat 33 is fixedly connected on one-level swing mechanism 32, can drive master connecting-rod seat when one-level swing mechanism 32 rotates 33 rotate freely in the range of ± 90 ° and position;

Connecting rod 34 is set to two pieces, and two pieces connecting rod 34 be arranged in parallel and one end is articulated and connected in master connecting-rod seat 33 respectively, another End is articulated and connected in slave connecting rod seat 36, and master connecting-rod seat 33, two pieces connecting rod 34 and slave connecting rod seat 36 collectively constitute parallelogram Quadric chain;

Connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder 35 is arranged on the diagonal of parallelogram four-bar linkage, and one end is articulated and connected in master connecting-rod seat 33, the other end is articulated and connected in slave connecting rod seat 36, by controlling the flexible of connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder 35, it is possible to achieve double leval jib machine The luffing motion of structure;

Two grades of swing mechanisms 37 are fixedly connected on rotation axis and the one-level swing of slave connecting rod seat 36 and two grades of swing mechanisms 37 The rotation axis of mechanism 32 be arranged in parallel, and two grades of swing mechanisms 37 can rotate freely and fixed in the range of its axis ± 90 ° Position;

Swing seat 38 is fixing with the rotary shaft of two grades of swing mechanisms 37 to be connected, and two grades of swing mechanisms 37 can drive swing when rotating Seat 38 rotates freely in the range of ± 90 ° and positions;

The rotary shaft of three grades of swing mechanisms 39 is fixedly connected on swing along the direction of the rotary shaft being perpendicular to two grades of swing mechanisms 37 On seat 38, three grades of swing mechanisms 39 can rotate freely and position in the range of its axis ± 90 °.

Described washing and brushing device assembly 4 is connected with the end of device for adjusting posture 3, including round brush support 41, round brush 42, rolling Brush drive mechanism 43, water retaining cover 44 and sparge pipe 45;

Round brush support 41 is " U "-shaped, and its " u "-shaped bottom is fixedly connected on three grades of swing mechanisms 39, three grades of oscillating machines Round brush support 41 can be driven when structure 39 rotates to rotate freely in the range of ± 90 ° and position;

Round brush 42 is erected at the " u "-shaped inside configuration of round brush support 41, including bristle and roller brush shaft;

Round brush drive mechanism 43 is arranged on one end of the roller brush shaft of round brush 42, and round brush drive mechanism 43 can drive round brush 42 Rotation realizes round brush;

Water retaining cover 44 cross section, in the arcuate structure concentric with the roller brush shaft axle center of round brush 42, is arranged on round brush support 41, gear The water cover 44 length along the axial direction of the roller brush shaft of round brush 42 more than the bristle of round brush 42 along the roller brush shaft of round brush 42 Length on axial direction, arc water retaining cover 44 can circumference partial occlusion round brush 42;

Sparge pipe 45 is arranged on two tops of water retaining cover 44 along the axial direction of the roller brush shaft of round brush 42, on sparge pipe 45 Being laid with nozzle, nozzle is through with sparge pipe 45.

Described total power off-axis formula transfer case 5 is fixedly mounted on below subframe 12, be arranged on car engine machine gearbox and Between back axle, its power shaft is connected with the power transmission shaft of the running gear of car body assembly 1.

Described water pump 6 is fixedly mounted on subframe 12 and defeated by drive mechanism and total power off-axis formula transfer case 5 Shaft connects, and the outfan of water pump 6 is connected with sparge pipe 45 by pipeline.

Described water tank 7 is fixedly mounted on subframe 12, and water tank 7 is connected with the input of water pump 6 by pipeline.

This big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is when normal driving states, as it is shown in figure 1, its lifting hydraulic cylinder, passage hydraulic pressure Cylinder is in retraction state, i.e. telescopic arm 2 and is in level and telescopic joint arm 23 retraction in base section arm 22, adjusts Flat hydraulic cylinder is in retraction state, and 32, two grades of swing mechanisms 37 of one-level swing mechanism and three grades of swing mechanisms 39 are respectively at Respective extreme positions makes whole telescopic arm 2, device for adjusting posture 3 and washing and brushing device assembly 4 be in chassis 11 and subframe In the range of the length and width of 12, supporting cylinder 131 is in retraction state, i.e. supports seat 132 and departs from damping flat spring, Ensureing the normal damping effect of damping flat spring, support telescopic hydraulic cylinder 141 is in retraction state, i.e. supports wheel 143 and takes off Overhead, normal driving is not interfered with.

When carrying out scrubbing operation, as it is shown on figure 3, specifically comprise the following steps that

A. this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is rested in appropriate location;

B. control supporting cylinder 131 to synchronize to extend downwardly from suitable distance and make support seat 132 be respectively symmetrically to act against damping template The front and back of spring, will the floating connection between chassis 11 crossbeam and back axle be changed into chassis 11 crossbeam and back axle it Between rigid support;

C. control support telescopic hydraulic cylinder 141 to synchronize to extend downwardly from making support wheel 143 contact support on the ground;

D. control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes base section arm 22 lift to suitably height;

E. control passage hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes telescopic joint arm 23 extend out to suitable distance in base section arm 22;

F. leveling hydraulic cylinder stretches out, connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder 35 is stretched out and made leveling bracket 31 rout up, be lifted to horizontal level in control;

G. control 37, three grades of swing mechanism 39 actions of 32, two grades of swing mechanisms of one-level swing mechanism and make washing and brushing device assembly 4 Rotate, make round brush 42 in the face of the state in the face of scrubbing;

H. controlling round brush drive mechanism 43 unlatching makes round brush 42 rotate;

I. controlling column revolving supporting device makes round brush 42 near scrubbing face until contacting;

J. control water pump 6 to open and make the nozzle on sparge pipe 45 start sparging swabbing to scrub;

K. different scrubbing manner is selected according to different faces of scrubbing.

When scrubbing facade metope, as it is shown in figure 5, in the way of described step k can be scrubbed to use mobile and horizontal, i.e. Controlling 37, three grades of swing mechanism 39 actions of 32, two grades of swing mechanisms of one-level swing mechanism makes washing and brushing device assembly 4 rotate, The roller brush shaft making round brush 42 is parallel to the vertical state of facade metope, and holding is scrubbed the most constant, now can be complete by controlling Power off-axis formula transfer case 5 makes this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle advance walking while scrubbing this from starting point to the end Sustained height scrub face, until complete that this highly scrubs face scrubs work, the lifting of regulation base section arm 22 the most once again Highly, fall back from terminal to starting point and be adjusted scrubbing work after scrubbing height, by that analogy, until reciprocal the most several times Facade metope is all scrubbed region and scrubs complete.

When scrubbing facade metope, described step k can also use the mode that vertical registration is scrubbed, i.e. first will this big height The location braking of degree bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle, then control one-level swing mechanism 37, three grades of swing mechanisms 39 of 32, two grades of swing mechanisms Action makes washing and brushing device assembly 4 rotate, and makes the roller brush shaft of round brush 42 be parallel to the level of facade metope, now controls to lift Liter hydraulic cylinder stretches out or retraction makes base section arm 22 lift lifting or reduce, and controls to promote hydraulic pressure to stretch out simultaneously or retraction makes to stretch Joint arm 23 stretches out or retraction in base section arm 22, i.e. may be implemented in and scrubs face on the vertical direction in round brush 42 overlay area Vertically scrub, after scrubbing this region complete, the angle of revolution of adjustable upright column Slewing Support Mechanism or regulation one-level pendulum Motivation structure 32 or regulation two grades of swing mechanisms 37 make one step pitch of round brush 42 stepping, can carry out next step away from scrub Face scrub work, until that all scrubs face in completing hunting range vertically scrubs work, then make this big height bridge wall Face cleaning Vehicle is advanced suitably apart from rear location, proceeds vertically scrubbing of next hunting range wash-in brush finish.

When scrubbing the end face of the baseplane of viaduct and overpass or tunnel, as shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, described step k: Controlling 37, three grades of swing mechanism 39 actions of 32, two grades of swing mechanisms of one-level swing mechanism makes washing and brushing device assembly 4 rotate, The roller brush shaft making round brush 42 is parallel to the level of the end face in viaduct and the baseplane of overpass or tunnel, now by control Total power off-axis formula transfer case 5 processed makes this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle walking the most forward, while scrubbing, until completing This cleaning surface scrub work, then control column revolving supporting device make one step pitch of round brush 42 transverse translation, pass through once again Control total power off-axis formula transfer case 5 make this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle walking the most backward, while scrubbing, the most past Can the end face in viaduct and the baseplane of overpass or tunnel all be scrubbed complete several times again;During this duty, this is big The highly track shared by bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle can arbitrarily be arranged, and as shown in Figure 8, Figure 9, can realize only taking up a track Can complete viaduct corresponding to all tracks and overpass baseplane or tunnel roof scrubs work and bridge top board edge Scrub work, can realize crossing over isolation strip and carry out washing of viaduct corresponding to opposing lane and overpass baseplane or tunnel roof Dataller makees.

When scrubbing the bridge pier of viaduct or overpass, as shown in Figure 11, Figure 12, described step k: first will this big height The braking of bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle location, controls one-level swing mechanism 37, three grades of swing mechanisms of 32, two grades of swing mechanisms 39 and moves Make washing and brushing device assembly 4 rotate, make the roller brush shaft of round brush 42 be parallel to the level of bridge pier facade, now control lifting Hydraulic cylinder stretches out or retraction makes base section arm 22 lift lifting or reduce, and controls to promote hydraulic pressure to stretch out simultaneously or retraction makes telescopic joint Arm 23 stretches out or retraction in base section arm 22, and carry out scrubbing local, face vertically scrubs work, then adjusts telescopic joint arm 23 stretch out or retraction to suitably distance or adjusts two grades of swing mechanisms 37 and/or three grades of oscillating machines in base section arm 22 once again Structure 39 makes one step pitch of the horizontal stepping of washing and brushing device assembly 4, proceeds vertically scrubbing of the face of scrubbing, until completing this That scrubs face scrubs work;Adjust the most once again telescopic joint arm 23 stretch out once again in base section arm 22 or retraction to suitably away from From, adjust two grades of swing mechanisms 37 and/or three grades of swing mechanisms 39 make washing and brushing device assembly 4 erect towards the another one of bridge pier Directly the face of scrubbing is scrubbed, as shown in Figure 10, Figure 13 to Figure 15, by that analogy, until completing all vertically to scrub face Scrub work, it is achieved Fixed Point Operation once complete all scrub face scrub operation.

The telescopic arm 2 of the big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle that this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method uses is due to permissible Multiple telescopic joint arm 23 is set and is connected with device for adjusting posture 3, therefore by stretching out telescopic joint arm 23 and adjusting attitude tune The height baseplane of facade metope, viaduct and overpass more than 10 meters or the end face in tunnel can be carried out by engagement positions 3 Directly scrubbing, do not use the mode of Manual-cleaning of manually ascending a height, cleaning efficiency is high, cleaning effect is good;Due to big height bridge The device for adjusting posture 3 of wall surface cleaning vehicle is a parallelogram four-link luffing, has two C CORDICs Structure (i.e. along the one-level swing mechanism 32 that vertical axis is rotation axis and two grades of swing mechanisms 37), an A CORDIC Structure (i.e. along three grades of swing mechanisms 39 that X-direction horizontal axis is rotation axis) and a B CORDIC structure (i.e. edge Y direction horizontal axis is the leveling bracket 31 of rotation axis), therefore can swing with multiple degrees of freedom, it is possible to viaduct or The bridge pier of overpass carries out a Fixed Point Operation and realizes that bridge pier is multiple scrubs once scrubbing of face, is simultaneously suitable for arbitrarily angled washing Brush finish scrub work, simple to operate, operation convenient;Owing to big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is provided with total power off-axis formula Transfer case 5, when therefore using the mode that mobile and horizontal is scrubbed when scrubbing facade metope, by controlling total power off-axis formula transfer Case 5 can make this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle advance to walk while scrubbing the face of scrubbing of this sustained height, or Predominate regression walks, while that scrubs this sustained height scrubs face, can complete the most several times all to scrub scrubbing of face Work, working performance is high, the road occupying activity duration is short;When scrubbing the end face of the baseplane of viaduct and overpass or tunnel, Big height track shared by bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle can arbitrarily be arranged, it is possible to realizes only taking up a track and can complete to own Viaduct that track is corresponding and overpass baseplane or tunnel roof scrub work, scrub the method for operation flexible.

Claims (5)

1. a big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method, it is characterized in that, the big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle of use includes car body assembly (1), telescopic arm (2), device for adjusting posture (3), washing and brushing device assembly (4), total power off-axis formula transfer case (5), water pump (6), water tank (7) and controls device (8);
Car body assembly (1) includes driver's cabin, chassis (11), subframe (12), chassis rigid support mechanism (13), auxiliary supporting leg (14) and running gear;Subframe (12) is fixedly connected on chassis (11);Chassis rigid support mechanism (13) is set to four groups, it is respectively symmetrically the top correspondence position of the front and back of the damping flat spring being arranged on back axle both sides, including supporting cylinder (131) and support seat (132), supporting cylinder (131) one end is fixing with subframe (12) to be connected, and the other end is connected with supporting seat (132);Auxiliary supporting leg (14) is set to four, it is respectively symmetrically the surrounding being arranged on subframe (12), including support telescopic hydraulic cylinder (141), support wheel base (142) and support wheel (143), support telescopic hydraulic cylinder (141) one end is fixedly connected on subframe (12), the other end is articulated and connected in support wheel base (142), supports wheel (143) and is arranged on the bottom of support wheel base (142);
Telescopic arm (2) is arranged at the rear of driver's cabin, including support post (21), base section arm (22) and at least one telescopic joint arm (23);Support post (21) bottom is connected with subframe (12) by column revolving supporting device, column revolving supporting device includes that pivoting support drives, support post (21) is provided with lifting hydraulic cylinder, lifting hydraulic cylinder one end is articulated and connected in support post (21), and the other end is articulated and connected in base section arm (22);Base section arm (22) bottom is articulated and connected in support post (21) top, and base section arm (22) is internal is provided with passage hydraulic cylinder;Telescopic joint arm (23) is sleeved in base section arm (22);
Device for adjusting posture (3) is connected with the minor details top of telescopic joint arm (23), including leveling bracket (31), one-level swing mechanism (32), master connecting-rod seat (33), connecting rod (34), connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder (35), slave connecting rod seat (36), two grades of swing mechanisms (37), swing seat (38) and three grades of swing mechanisms (39);Leveling bracket (31) one end is articulated and connected with the minor details top of telescopic joint arm (23), it is provided with leveling hydraulic cylinder in the minor details of telescopic joint arm (23), leveling hydraulic cylinder one end is articulated and connected in leveling bracket (31), and the other end is articulated and connected in the minor details of telescopic joint arm (23);The rotary shaft of one-level swing mechanism (32) is fixedly connected on the other end of leveling bracket (31) along being perpendicular to the direction with the hinged direction of minor details of telescopic joint arm (23), leveling bracket (31) one end;Master connecting-rod seat (33) is fixedly connected on one-level swing mechanism (32);Connecting rod (34) is set to two pieces, two pieces connecting rod (34) be arranged in parallel and one end is articulated and connected in master connecting-rod seat (33) respectively, the other end is articulated and connected in slave connecting rod seat (36), and master connecting-rod seat (33), two pieces connecting rod (34) and slave connecting rod seat (36) collectively constitute parallelogram four-bar linkage;Connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder (35) is arranged on the diagonal of parallelogram four-bar linkage, and one end is articulated and connected in master connecting-rod seat (33), and the other end is articulated and connected in slave connecting rod seat (36);The rotation axis of rotation axis and one-level swing mechanism (32) that two grades of swing mechanisms (37) are fixedly connected on slave connecting rod seat (36) and two grades of swing mechanisms (37) be arranged in parallel;Swing seat (38) is fixing with the rotary shaft of two grades of swing mechanisms (37) to be connected;The rotary shaft of three grades of swing mechanisms (39) is fixedly connected in swing seat (38) along the direction of the rotary shaft being perpendicular to two grades of swing mechanisms (37);
Washing and brushing device assembly (4) is connected with the end of device for adjusting posture (3), including round brush support (41), round brush (42), round brush drive mechanism (43), water retaining cover (44) and sparge pipe (45);Round brush support (41) is " U "-shaped, and its " u "-shaped bottom is fixedly connected on three grades of swing mechanisms (39);Round brush (42) is erected at the " u "-shaped inside configuration of round brush support (41), including bristle and roller brush shaft;Round brush drive mechanism (43) is arranged on one end of the roller brush shaft of round brush (42);Water retaining cover (44) cross section is in the arcuate structure concentric with the roller brush shaft axle center of round brush (42), being arranged on round brush support (41), the water retaining cover (44) length along the axial direction of the roller brush shaft of round brush (42) is more than the bristle of round brush (42) length along the axial direction of the roller brush shaft of round brush (42);Sparge pipe (45) is arranged on two tops of water retaining cover (44) along the axial direction of the roller brush shaft of round brush (42), and sparge pipe (45) is laid with nozzle, and nozzle is through with sparge pipe (45);
Total power off-axis formula transfer case (5) is fixedly mounted on subframe (12) lower section, is arranged between car engine machine gearbox and back axle, and its power shaft is connected with the power transmission shaft of the running gear of car body assembly (1);
Water pump (6) is fixedly mounted on subframe (12) and above and is connected with the output shaft of total power off-axis formula transfer case (5) by drive mechanism, and the outfan of water pump (6) is connected with sparge pipe (45) by pipeline;
Water tank (7) is fixedly mounted on subframe (12), and water tank (7) is connected with the input of water pump (6) by pipeline;
Following steps are specifically included during use:
A. this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is rested in appropriate location;
B. control supporting cylinder (131) to synchronize to extend downwardly from suitable distance and make support seat (132) be respectively symmetrically the front and back acting against damping flat spring, chassis (11) floating connection between crossbeam and back axle is changed into the chassis (11) rigid support between crossbeam and back axle;
C. control support telescopic hydraulic cylinder (141) to synchronize to extend downwardly from making support wheel (143) contact support on the ground;
D. control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes base section arm (22) lift to suitably height;
E. control passage hydraulic cylinder stretches out and makes telescopic joint arm (23) extend out to suitable distance in base section arm (22);
F. leveling hydraulic cylinder stretches out, connecting rod amplitude oil cylinder (35) is stretched out and made leveling bracket (31) rout up, be lifted to horizontal level in control;
G. control one-level swing mechanism (32), two grades of swing mechanisms (37), the action of three grades of swing mechanisms (39) make washing and brushing device assembly (4) rotate, and make round brush (42) in the face of the state in the face of scrubbing;
H. controlling round brush drive mechanism (43) unlatching makes round brush (42) rotate;
I. controlling column revolving supporting device makes round brush (42) near scrubbing face until contacting;
J. control water pump (6) to open and make the nozzle on sparge pipe (45) start sparging swabbing to scrub;
K. different scrubbing manner is selected according to different faces of scrubbing.
Big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when scrubbing facade metope, described step k uses the mode that mobile and horizontal is scrubbed, i.e., control the vertical state making the roller brush shaft of round brush (42) be parallel to facade metope, holding is scrubbed the most constant, make this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle from starting point to the end while advancing and walking by control total power off-axis formula transfer case (5), while that scrubs this sustained height scrubs face, until complete that this highly scrubs face scrubs work, regulate base section arm (22) the most once again lifts height, fall back from terminal to starting point and be adjusted scrubbing work after scrubbing height, by that analogy, back and forth several times facade metope is all scrubbed region and scrub complete.
nullBig height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that,When scrubbing facade metope,Described step k uses the mode that vertical registration is scrubbed,I.e.,First will this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle location braking,Control the level making the roller brush shaft of round brush (42) be parallel to facade metope again,Now control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out or retraction makes base section arm (22) lift lifting or reduce,Control to promote hydraulic pressure to stretch out simultaneously or retraction makes telescopic joint arm (23) stretch out or retraction in base section arm (22),Vertically scrubbing of face is scrubbed on vertical direction in round brush (42) overlay area,After scrubbing this region complete,The angle of revolution of adjustable upright column Slewing Support Mechanism、Or regulation one-level swing mechanism (32)、Or regulate two grades of swing mechanisms (37) and make one step pitch of round brush (42) stepping,Can carry out next step away from face of scrubbing scrub work,Until that all scrubs face in completing hunting range vertically scrubs work,Then this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is made to advance suitably apart from rear location,Proceed vertically scrubbing of next hunting range wash-in brush finish.
nullBig height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that,When scrubbing the end face of the baseplane of viaduct and overpass or tunnel,Described step k: control the level of end face making the roller brush shaft of round brush (42) be parallel to viaduct and the baseplane of overpass or tunnel,This big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is made to walk forward on one side now by controlling total power off-axis formula transfer case (5)、While scrubbing,Until complete this cleaning surface scrubs work,Then control column revolving supporting device and make one step pitch of round brush (42) transverse translation,This big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle is made to walk backward on one side by control total power off-axis formula transfer case (5) once again、While scrubbing,The most several times the end face in viaduct and the baseplane of overpass or tunnel is all scrubbed complete.
nullBig height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method the most according to claim 1,It is characterized in that,When scrubbing the bridge pier of viaduct or overpass,Described step k: first will this big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle location braking,Control the level making the roller brush shaft of round brush (42) be parallel to bridge pier facade,Now control lifting hydraulic cylinder stretches out or retraction makes base section arm (22) lift lifting or reduce,Control to promote hydraulic pressure to stretch out simultaneously or retraction makes telescopic joint arm (23) stretch out or retraction in base section arm (22),Carry out scrubbing local, face vertically scrubs work,Then adjustment telescopic joint arm (23) is stretched out in base section arm (22) once again or retraction is to suitable distance、Or two grades of swing mechanisms (37) of adjustment and/or three grades of swing mechanisms (39) make one step pitch of washing and brushing device assembly (4) horizontal stepping,Proceed vertically scrubbing of the face of scrubbing,Until complete that this scrubs face scrubs work;Adjust the most once again telescopic joint arm (23) stretch out once again in base section arm (22) or retraction to suitably distance, adjust two grades of swing mechanisms (37) and/or three grades of swing mechanisms (39) make washing and brushing device assembly (4) scrub towards the another one vertically face of scrubbing of bridge pier, by that analogy, complete all vertically to scrub face scrubs work.
CN201510145748.5A 2015-03-30 2015-03-30 A kind of big height bridge wall surface cleaning vehicle operational method CN104746455B (en)

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CN105113444A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-02 山东建筑大学 Double-rolling-brush type tunnel cleaning machine
CN108098788B (en) * 2016-05-22 2019-11-08 浙江亿钛数控机械有限公司 A kind of telescopic comprehensive building guardrail cleaning manipulator
CN106223238B (en) * 2016-07-25 2017-10-03 杨嘉灏 Tunnel wall surface cleaning vehicle
CN106012926B (en) * 2016-07-29 2019-01-11 瑞德(新乡)路业有限公司 The cleaning vehicle sprayed water in conjunction with round brush
CN106049321B (en) * 2016-07-29 2018-11-06 唐静 Tunnel cleaning vehicle
CN106245559B (en) * 2016-08-01 2018-12-11 界首市金龙机械设备有限公司 It is adapted for the cleaning vehicle of tunnel metope cleaning
CN106245558B (en) * 2016-08-01 2019-01-01 芜湖泰庆电子科技有限公司 For the clean cleaning vehicle of tunnel environment

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