CN104745466A - Solid material fermentation device - Google Patents

Solid material fermentation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104745466A
CN104745466A CN201510174009.9A CN201510174009A CN104745466A CN 104745466 A CN104745466 A CN 104745466A CN 201510174009 A CN201510174009 A CN 201510174009A CN 104745466 A CN104745466 A CN 104745466A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermenting case
water tank
fermenting
heat transfer
solid materials
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Pending
Application number
CN201510174009.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏劲弩
夏友先
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CHONGQING LIANMING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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CHONGQING LIANMING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510174009.9A priority Critical patent/CN104745466A/en
Publication of CN104745466A publication Critical patent/CN104745466A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a solid material fermentation device which comprises a fermentation tank (1) with a feed opening (2) and a discharge opening (3), wherein a water tank A (4) and a water tank B (5) are arranged at the left end and the right end or the upper end and the lower end of the fermentation tank (1) respectively; a water inlet (6) is formed in the water tank A (4); a water outlet (7) is formed in the water tank B (5); a heat exchange pipe (19) is arranged in the fermentation tank (1); and the two ends of the heat exchange pipe (19) are communicated with the water tank A (4) and the water tank B (5) respectively. The solid material fermentation device has the beneficial effects that high-efficiency mass and heat transfer is realized, the humidity in the fermentation tank can be controlled, automatic overturning and speed change are realized, the fermentation effect is high, hyphae are not liable to be damaged, and materials are located on the heat exchange during the fermentation process so that a shearing force is small when the fermentation tank rotates to turn the materials and the hyphae are not liable to be damaged.

Description

A kind of solid materials fermenting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to fermentation industry field, particularly relate to a kind of solid materials fermenting device.
Background technology
Solid state fermentation is mainly used in microbiotic, zymin, organic acid, foodstuff additive, biological pesticide and the industry such as bio-feritlizer, feed, solid state fermentation has the following advantages compared with liquid state fermentation: 1. water-activity is low, the insoluble height of substrate water, microorganism easily grows, enzyme activity is high, enzyme system enriches; 2. zymotechnique is simple, less investment, energy consumption are low, easy to operate; 3. aftertreatment is easy, pollution is few, basic non-wastewater discharge.
Existing solid state fermentation equipment mainly comprises static solid state fermentation equipment and dynamic fermentation equipment; Static fermentation equipment has the advantage that structure is simple, mass-and heat-transfer face is large, but the mass transfer of static solid state fermentation equipment, heat transfer efficiency are lower, and material is thin, and packing factor is low, and level of automation is low, and labour intensity is large, pollutes the shortcomings such as restive; And dynamic fermentation equipment has, and level of automation is high, pollution is easy to the advantages such as control, but the bed of material of solid state fermentation equipment is too thick, have and be difficult to maximize and the low shortcoming of packing factor, and easily destroy hypha,hyphae due to turning over materials, its range of application is also restricted.
In order to solve the problem, the patent of invention that name is called " a kind of solid materials fermenting device and fermentation process thereof " is disclosed in Chinese patent CN103194373B, this device comprises the rectangle fermenting case of arranged transversely, the feed inlet and outlet of band closing door is provided with in the end, one end of fermenting case, the intake ducting be communicated with fermenting case and the fluid pipe being with shower nozzle is provided with in feed inlet and outlet both sides, the end of the other end of fermenting case is provided with outlet pipe, at least one deck material orifice plate has been horizontally disposed with in fermenting case, the outer bottom of described fermenting case is provided with vibration motor and bracing frame, support frame as described above is connected actively with the middle part of outer bottom, at described fermenting case outer bottom, outlet pipe end is provided with screw block.", efficient mass transfer heat transfer when said apparatus can make solid state fermentation, and shearing force is less.
But those skilled in the art use above-mentioned solid materials fermenting device process in, found following deficiency: 1. material stir comparatively difficulty, heat-transfer effect is poor; 2., by air temperature control, material speed of cooling is slow; 3. material is easily dry, must add wet treatment; 4. add operation, add moisture large, workload is large.
Summary of the invention
the object of the present invention is to provide that speed of cooling is fast, the good solid materials fermenting device of heat-transfer effect.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is achieved in that a kind of solid materials fermenting device, comprise the fermenting case with opening for feed and discharge port, water tank A and water tank B is respectively arranged with at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case or upper/lower terminal, water tank A is provided with water-in, water tank B is provided with water outlet; Described fermenting case inside is provided with heat transfer tube, and described heat transfer tube two ends communicate with water tank A and water tank B respectively.
In the process of solid state fermentation, cold water is poured into water tank A from described water-in, cold water flows through heat transfer tube and is finally pooled to water tank B and flows out from described water outlet, and such setting can utilize cold water to take away the heat of material generation during the fermentation, and then controls the temperature of solid substances; Do like this, not only heat-transfer effect is good, and temperature control is effective, and material speed of cooling is fast, achieves efficient mass-and heat-transfer.
Wherein, described fermenting case longitudinal cross-section can be circle, also can be rectangle.
Be speed to improve cooling further, meanwhile, make cooling evenly, described heat transfer tube is many.
In order to control the humidity of described fermenting case inside further, be provided with inlet pipe and vapor pipe in described fermenting case, described inlet pipe is arranged on the top of heat transfer tube, and described vapor pipe is arranged on the below of heat transfer tube.Inlet pipe and vapor pipe may be used for the effects such as supply oxygen, combustion gas, logical steam sterilizing, water flowing vapour humidification and inoculation, make the material of described fermenting case inside not easily dry, are convenient to fermentation.
In order to make described fermenting case to be easy to stirring further, being arranged with gear ring at described fermenting case outer wall, being provided with the gear be meshed with described gear ring in described gear ring bottom, being arranged on the electric machine main shaft for driving described pinion rotation at described gear.When overturning described fermenting case when needs in the process of fermenting, start motor and make pinion rotation, thus make also to start to rotate with the gear ring of described gears meshing, reach the effect that fermenting case is rotated, and the method is simply laborsaving.
During in order to make stirring further, fermentor tank is more laborsaving, and described gear ring is positioned at the middle part of described fermenting case.
In order to make can to reduce resistance in the process that overturns at described fermenting case further, bracing member is respectively arranged with below the left and right both ends of described fermenting case, described bracing member comprises supporting frame, be symmetrically arranged with at the two ends of support frame as described above seat two rotatably assembling and the support roller contacted with described fermenting case.
In order to make described fermenting case discharging more convenient further, simultaneously in order to make material that left and right stirring can be carried out, below support frame as described above seat, be provided with the screw block for supported stand.
Can be compatible in order to make the discharging of described fermenting case further and overturn, described bracing member also comprises back up pad, one end of described back up pad is between the supporting seat frame and screw block in left side, the other end of described back up pad is between the supporting seat frame and screw block on right side, and described motor is arranged in described back up pad.
In order to the temperature and humidity of described fermenting case inside can be controlled further, automatic control device is provided with bottom described fermenting case, described automatic control device is connected with humidity sensor with the temperature sensor be arranged in described fermentation casing, and described automatic control device is also connected with described motor.Described temperature sensor and humidity sensor can detect the temperature and humidity situation of fermenting case inside and detection case is transferred to automatic control device, described brake control can control the rotation of described motor, thus control the speed of described fermenting case rotation, finally reach the effect of the temperature and humidity automatically controlling described fermenting case inside.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: have employed solid materials fermenting device of the present invention and can have following advantage:
1. realize mass-and heat-transfer efficiently, the heat transfer tube of described fermenting case internal layout can realize efficient mass transfer heat transfer, fermenting case temperature can also be controlled, when fermenting case internal temperature is too high, flow out from described water outlet by entering cold water from described water-in and flowing through described heat transfer tube, the temperature that can reduce fermenting case inside reaches the effect of control temperature again;
2. control the humidity of fermenting case inside, being arranged on inlet pipe on described fermenting case and vapor pipe can water flowing vapour humidification thus control the humidity of fermenting case inside, in addition, described inlet pipe and described vapor pipe can also oxygen gas-supplying, combustion gas, with steam sterilizing and inoculation.
3. realize automatic turning and speed change, by making described fermenting case to overturn easily at the outside sheathed gear ring of described fermenting case and the gear that is meshed with described gear ring, the automatic control device being arranged on described fermenting case bottom in addition can detect the temperature and humidity of fermenting case inside thus control the speed of fermenting case upset.
4. ferment effect is good, and mycelia is not easily destroyed, and during the fermentation, material occupy on heat transfer tube, and therefore when fermenting case rotates stirring, shearing force is little, survivable mycelia.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the first structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the second structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the third structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the 4th kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of Fig. 5.
Embodiment
Be described in further detail the specific embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments, any improvement or alternative on the present embodiment essence spirit, still belongs to the claims in the present invention scope required for protection.
embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1, a kind of solid materials fermenting device, comprises the fermenting case 1 with opening for feed 2 and discharge port 3, is respectively arranged with water tank A4 and water tank B5 at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case 1 or upper/lower terminal, water tank A4 is provided with water-in 6, water tank B5 is provided with water outlet 7; Described fermenting case 1 inside is provided with heat transfer tube 19, and described heat transfer tube 19 two ends communicate with water tank A4 and water tank B5 respectively.
In the present embodiment, described fermenting case 1 is cylindric.
During fermentation, the opening for feed 2 of material fermentation case 1 to be fermented is put in fermenting case 1; In the process of fermentation, if fermenting case 1 internal temperature is too high, cold water is injected into the water tank A4 with water-in 6, cold water will flow into from this water tank A4 and be arranged on the heat transfer tube 19 of fermenting case inside, flow into the water tank B5 with water outlet 7 from heat transfer tube 19 again, finally flow out from water outlet 7; In the process that cold water flows through, the high temperature of described fermenting case 1 inside can be taken away, control the temperature of described fermenting case 1 inside, reach good heat-transfer effect.
embodiment 2: a kind of solid materials fermenting device, comprise the fermenting case 1 with opening for feed 2 and discharge port 3, be respectively arranged with water tank A4 and water tank B5 at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case 1 or upper/lower terminal, water tank A4 is provided with water-in 6, water tank B5 is provided with water outlet 7; Described fermenting case 1 inside is provided with heat transfer tube 19, and described heat transfer tube 19 two ends communicate with water tank A4 and water tank B5 respectively.
In the present embodiment, described fermenting case 1 is rectangular-shaped.
During fermentation, the opening for feed 2 of material fermentation case 1 to be fermented is put in fermenting case 1; In the process of fermentation, if fermenting case 1 internal temperature is too high, cold water is injected into the water tank A4 with water-in 6, cold water will flow into from this water tank A4 and be arranged on the heat transfer tube 19 of fermenting case inside, flow into the water tank B5 with water outlet 7 from heat transfer tube 19 again, finally flow out from water outlet 7; In the process that cold water flows through, the high temperature of described fermenting case 1 inside can be taken away, control the temperature of described fermenting case 1 inside, reach good heat-transfer effect.
In the present invention, many heat transfer tubes 19 are set and can bring better mass-and heat-transfer effect, and allow cold water transverse flow can be more.
embodiment 3: as shown in Figure 2, a kind of solid materials fermenting device, comprises the fermenting case 1 with opening for feed 2 and discharge port 3, is respectively arranged with water tank A4 and water tank B5 at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case 1 or upper/lower terminal, water tank A4 is provided with water-in 6, water tank B5 is provided with water outlet 7; Described fermenting case 1 inside is provided with heat transfer tube 19, and described heat transfer tube 19 two ends communicate with water tank A4 and water tank B5 respectively.
In described fermenting case 1, be provided with inlet pipe 8 and vapor pipe 9, described inlet pipe 8 is arranged on the top of heat transfer tube 19, and described vapor pipe 9 is arranged on the below of heat transfer tube 19.In the process of fermentation, the many heat transfer tubes 19 mentioned in above-mentioned fermenting case 1 and water tank A4, water tank B5 can realize good mass-and heat-transfer effect, simultaneously, the inlet pipe 8 being arranged on described fermenting case 1 top and the vapor pipe 9 being arranged on described fermenting case 1 bottom can during the fermentation for supply oxygen combustion gas, logical steam sterilizing, with steam humidification and inoculation, make ferment effect better.
embodiment 4: as shown in Figure 3,4, a kind of solid materials fermenting device, comprise the fermenting case 1 with opening for feed 2 and discharge port 3, water tank A4 and water tank B5 is respectively arranged with at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case 1 or upper/lower terminal, water tank A4 is provided with water-in 6, water tank B5 is provided with water outlet 7; Described fermenting case 1 inside is provided with heat transfer tube 19, and described heat transfer tube 19 two ends communicate with water tank A4 and water tank B5 respectively.
Described fermenting case 1 is provided with inlet pipe 8 and vapor pipe 9; Described inlet pipe 8 is arranged on the top of described fermenting case 1, and described vapor pipe 9 is arranged on the bottom of described fermenting case 1.
Being arranged with gear ring 10 at described fermenting case 1 outer wall, being provided with the gear 11 be meshed with described gear ring 10 in described gear ring 10 bottom, being arranged on motor 12 main shaft for driving described gear 11 to rotate at described gear 11.
Below the described left and right both ends of fermenting case 1, be respectively arranged with bracing member 13, described bracing member 13 comprises supporting frame 14, be symmetrically arranged with at the two ends of support frame as described above seat 14 two rotatably assembling and the support roller 15 contacted with described fermenting case 1.
At the bottom of described fermenting case, 1 is provided with automatic control device 18, and described automatic control device 18 is connected with humidity sensor with the temperature sensor be arranged in described fermenting case 1 body, and described automatic control device 18 is also connected with described motor 12.
Fermenting case 1 in the present embodiment is cylindric.
In the process of fermentation, the many heat transfer tubes 19 mentioned in above-mentioned fermenting case 1 and water tank A4, water tank B5 can realize good mass-and heat-transfer effect, simultaneously, being arranged on inlet pipe 8 in described fermenting case 1 and vapor pipe 9 can during the fermentation for supply oxygen combustion gas, logical steam sterilizing, with steam humidification and inoculation, makes ferment effect better.
More even in order to make the material fermentation be fermented obtain in the process of fermentation, often need to carry out turning material to the material be fermented in fermenting case 1, the gears meshing mode of the present embodiment is used to make described fermenting case that fermenting case can be made easily to rotate thus realize turning material, without the need to the manpower of at substantial, and the speed that described fermenting case rotates can be controlled by motor 12; And described motor 12 is connected with described automatic control device 18, described automatic control device 18 is connected with humidity sensor with the temperature sensor being arranged on described fermenting case 4 inside again, can adjust the speed turning material in real time according to the temperature of fermenting case 4 inside and/or humidity conditions.
And in order to make the rotation of fermenting case 1 more smooth and easy, bracing member 13 is respectively arranged with at the both ends of the outside of described fermenting case 1, the support roller 15 that supporting frame 14 both sides of this bracing member 13 are arranged stably can support described fermenting case 1, described fermenting case 1 also can be allowed thereon to rotate swimmingly simultaneously; And the screw block 17 in the present embodiment can allow described fermenting case 1 tilt when charging or discharging, conveniently pass in and out material.
In addition, in the process turning material, because material is filled between heat transfer tube 19, the shearing force when turning over materials is diminished, survivable mycelia, improve the quality of fermentation.
embodiment 5: as shown in Figure 5,6, a kind of solid materials fermenting device, comprise the fermenting case 1 with opening for feed 2 and discharge port 3, water tank A4 and water tank B5 is respectively arranged with at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case 1 or upper/lower terminal, water tank A4 is provided with water-in 6, water tank B5 is provided with water outlet 7; Described fermenting case 1 inside is provided with heat transfer tube 19, and described heat transfer tube 19 two ends communicate with water tank A4 and water tank B5 respectively.
Described heat transfer tube 19 is many.
In described fermenting case 1, be provided with inlet pipe 8 and vapor pipe 9, described inlet pipe 8 is arranged on the top of heat transfer tube 19, and described vapor pipe 9 is arranged on the below of heat transfer tube 19.
Being arranged with gear ring 10 at described fermenting case 1 outer wall, being provided with the gear 11 be meshed with described gear ring 10 in described gear ring 10 bottom, being arranged on motor 12 main shaft for driving described gear 11 to rotate at described gear 11.
Described gear ring 10 is positioned at the middle part of described fermenting case 1.
Below the described left and right both ends of fermenting case 1, be respectively arranged with bracing member 13, described bracing member 13 comprises supporting frame 14, be symmetrically arranged with at the two ends of support frame as described above seat 14 two rotatably assembling and the support roller 15 contacted with described fermenting case 1.
The screw block 17 for supported stand 14 is provided with below support frame as described above seat 14.
Described bracing member also comprises back up pad 16, one end of described back up pad 16 is between the supporting seat frame 14 and screw block 17 in left side, the other end of described back up pad is between the supporting seat frame 14 and screw block 17 on right side, and described motor 12 is arranged in described back up pad 16.
Bottom described fermenting case 1, be provided with automatic control device 18, described automatic control device 18 is connected with humidity sensor with the temperature sensor be arranged in described fermenting case 1 body, and described automatic control device 18 is also connected with described motor 12.
Fermenting case 1 in the present embodiment is cylindric, and described opening for feed 2 is arranged on described fermenting case 1 top, and described discharge port 3 is arranged on bottom described fermenting case 1.
When fermenting, material to be fermented is put into described fermenting case 1 inside from described opening for feed 2 ferment, in the process of fermentation, the temperature of described fermenting case 1 inside can be controlled by the heat transfer tube 19 that is arranged on described fermenting case 1 inside and the water tank 4A, the water tank B5 that are arranged on described fermenting case 1 left and right sides, reach the effect of efficient mass transfer heat transfer; Being arranged on inlet pipe 8 in described fermenting case 1 and vapor pipe 9 can for supply oxygen combustion gas, logical steam sterilizing, with steam humidification and inoculation, makes ferment effect better in the process of fermentation; And be arranged on gear ring 10 and the gear 11 at the middle part of described fermenting case 1 outside, the bracing member 13 being arranged on described fermenting case 1 both ends in addition can realize easily and swimmingly turning material during the fermentation, and described automatic control device 18 can also speed according to the temperature of described fermenting case 1 inside and/or when making regulating rotary material.
And the screw block 17 in the present embodiment can allow described fermenting case 1 tilt when charging or discharging, conveniently pass in and out material, back up pad 16 is provided with between described screw block 17 and described bracing member 13, the motor 12 of described gear 11 is driven also to be arranged in described back up pad 16, described fermenting case 1 can be made like this while charging or discharging to rotate, reach charging even, discharging is effect more thoroughly.
Use the solid materials fermenting device of the present embodiment, mass-and heat-transfer efficiently can be realized during the fermentation, effectively control the temperature and humidity of fermenting case 1 inside, when turning material mycelia not easily destroyed, when turning material easily and smooth and easy, input and output material convenient and the advantage such as thorough.

Claims (9)

1. a solid materials fermenting device, comprise the fermenting case (1) with opening for feed (2) and discharge port (3), it is characterized in that: be respectively arranged with water tank A(4 at the left and right two ends of described fermenting case (1) or upper/lower terminal) and water tank B(5), at water tank A(4) on be provided with water-in (6), at water tank B(5) on be provided with water outlet (7); Described fermenting case (1) inside is provided with heat transfer tube (19), described heat transfer tube (19) two ends respectively with water tank A(4) and water tank B(5) communicate.
2. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described heat transfer tube (19) is many.
3. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: in described fermenting case (1), be provided with inlet pipe (8) and vapor pipe (9), described inlet pipe (8) is arranged on the top of heat transfer tube (19), and described vapor pipe (9) is arranged on the below of heat transfer tube (19).
4. the solid materials fermenting device as described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that: be arranged with gear ring (10) at described fermenting case (1) outer wall, being provided with the gear (11) be meshed with described gear ring (10) in described gear ring (10) bottom, being arranged on motor (12) main shaft for driving described gear (11) to rotate at described gear (11).
5. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described gear ring (10) is positioned at the middle part of described fermenting case (1).
6. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: below described fermenting case (1) left and right both ends, be respectively arranged with bracing member (13), described bracing member (13) comprises supporting frame (14), be symmetrically arranged with at the two ends of support frame as described above seat (14) two rotatably assembling and the support roller (15) contacted with described fermenting case (1).
7. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: support frame as described above seat (14) below is provided with the screw block (17) for supported stand (14).
8. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described bracing member also comprises back up pad (16), between the supporting seat frame (14) that one end of described back up pad (16) is positioned at left side and screw block (17), between the supporting seat frame (14) that the other end of described back up pad is positioned at right side and screw block (17), described motor (12) is arranged in described back up pad (16).
9. solid materials fermenting device as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: described fermenting case (1) bottom is provided with automatic control device (18), described automatic control device (18) is connected with humidity sensor with the temperature sensor be arranged in described fermenting case (1) body, and described automatic control device (18) is also connected with described motor (12).
CN201510174009.9A 2015-04-14 2015-04-14 Solid material fermentation device Pending CN104745466A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109321452A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-12 陈仁凡 Utilize microbial food fermentation screening plant
CN109721396A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-05-07 青岛康普天成环境科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation deslagging device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201362714Y (en) * 2009-01-12 2009-12-16 吉林大学 Heating device for domestic heat supply biogas generating pit
CN103194373A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-10 重庆良酩科技发展有限公司 Solid-state fermentation device and fermentation method thereof
CN104403942A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-11 朱金华 Solid material fermentation device
CN204550595U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-12 重庆良酩科技发展有限公司 A kind of solid materials fermenting device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201362714Y (en) * 2009-01-12 2009-12-16 吉林大学 Heating device for domestic heat supply biogas generating pit
CN103194373A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-07-10 重庆良酩科技发展有限公司 Solid-state fermentation device and fermentation method thereof
CN104403942A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-11 朱金华 Solid material fermentation device
CN204550595U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-12 重庆良酩科技发展有限公司 A kind of solid materials fermenting device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109321452A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-12 陈仁凡 Utilize microbial food fermentation screening plant
CN109321452B (en) * 2018-10-23 2021-06-25 上海清美食品有限公司 Utilize microbial food fermentation sieving mechanism
CN109721396A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-05-07 青岛康普天成环境科技有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer fermentation deslagging device

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