CN104744140A - Preparation method of black fungus cultivation material - Google Patents

Preparation method of black fungus cultivation material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104744140A
CN104744140A CN201510095878.2A CN201510095878A CN104744140A CN 104744140 A CN104744140 A CN 104744140A CN 201510095878 A CN201510095878 A CN 201510095878A CN 104744140 A CN104744140 A CN 104744140A
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cultivation
turning
black fungus
fermentation
particle
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CN201510095878.2A
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邬金梅
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邬金梅
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Abstract

The invention provides a preparation method of a black fungus cultivation material and relates to a technique of applying lentinus edodes stems to black fungus cultivation. Compared with the prior art, the preparation method has the following advantages: firstly, a lentinus edodes stem extract is a purely natural nutrient solution and contains rich types of biological active substances; the lentinus edodes stem soaked materials and cultivation raw materials are blended and composted for fermentation, and then the reproduction of beneficial microorganisms is promoted, the microbial flora in the material is improved and the catalytic decomposition of the cultivation material is accelerated; secondly, the fermented cultivation material contains high-activity beneficial bacteria and active metabolites thereof and has a promoting effect on the growth of black fungus mycelia, and therefore, the mycelia grow vigorously and are high in infectious microbe resisting ability; thirdly, the resources such as manpower and coal can be saved, and the environmental pollution is reduced to conform to the low-carbon environment protection idea.

Description

A kind of making method of cultivation of auricularia auricula material
Technical field
The making method of a kind of cultivation of auricularia auricula material of the present invention, is the technology be applied to by mushroom tang in cultivation of auricularia auricula, belongs to fungus growing technique field.
Background technology
Black fungus has long history in China, first of the black fungus output of China or the quality Jun Ju world, is the fist exporting of China, finds a good sale at home and abroad.
The traditional cultivating method of black fungus is grog cultivation, and planting material carries out inoculation culture after high pressure or normal-pressure sterilization, and now in material, the macromolecule organic such as Mierocrystalline cellulose has been degraded, miscellaneous bacteria in material is also killed, therefore, when planting material sends out bacterium, mycelial growth is fast, and living contaminants is few.But along with the significantly rise of the price of labour power and fuel price, grog cultivation cost increases severely, and high-temperature sterilization also causes the loss of planting material nutritive substance, causes biological transformation ratio to reduce simultaneously.
Mushroom is famous and precious edible one of the medicinal fungus of holding concurrently in the world, and current China mushroom production accounts for 70% of world's mushroom ultimate production, has the equal mushroom culture in the province of more than 70% in China.Because champignon stems stiffness of foot in children, content of cellulose are higher, palatability is poor, and therefore, mushroom is being eaten raw or in the course of processing, the tang of mushroom can remove as tankage by the producer, causes the mushroom tang accounting for mushroom weight about 30% to become waste.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention's mushroom tang soaks expects to mix and stir to carry out banking up with culturing raw material to ferment, and do not add sterilant, sterilant during windrow, the planting material after fermentation directly packs inoculation, planting material living contaminants is few, and the black fungus quality of producing is good, output is high.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A making method for cultivation of auricularia auricula material, comprises batching, fermentation, turning, pack, inoculation, sends out bacterium, concrete operation step:
(1) prepare burden: wood chip 60-64%, bagasse 8-12%, soya-bean cake 18-20%, mushroom tang 4-5%, lime 3-4%, gypsum 1%, be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%; Described wood chip is the deciduous tree weed tree sawdust of particle diameter 3mm-5mm; Described bagasse powder is broken into the particle of particle diameter 3mm-5mm; Described mushroom tang is the tankage in the Lentnus edodes course of processing, is ground into the particle of 2mm-3mm after drying;
(2) ferment: mushroom tang particle is added clear water by 20-30 weight ratio doubly, soak 18h-24h at normal temperatures, then leach liquor is admixed in wood chip, bagasse, soya-bean cake compound together with champignon stems slag uniformly, stockpile is become high 1.0m-1.2m, wide 2m-3m, the trapezoidal heap that length is not limit, the culture material often piled controls at dry weight 300kg-500kg, after carrying out heap, surrounding is patted, on heap, insert some vertical pores with the wooden stick of diameter 10cm-15cm again, at the bottom of straight through reactor, stomatal frequency is 1/m 3, finally cover straw mat by its spontaneous fermentation;
(3) turning: after material temperature reaches 60 DEG C, keeps 24h, then carries out turning, and turning every day later once, add lime during first time turning, add gypsum during second time turning, altogether turning 3-4 time, time remaining 5d-6d, when stopping fermentation, the water content of planting material is 63%-65%;
(4) pack, inoculate, send out bacterium: the planting material fermented is after heat radiation, adopt the vinyon sacked material of 15cm × 60cm × 0.004cm, when filling with substance puts into bacterial classification at two ends of bag, access 3 cave bacterial classifications respectively in the both sides of bag after charging, then cultivating bag is emitted in dark bacteria room, temperature controls at 18 DEG C-20 DEG C, humid control is at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 38d-40d, mycelia covers with pocket, namely enters grand style, goes out syrinx reason.
Mushroom tang is applied to the method for cultivation of auricularia auricula by the present invention, and apart from outside explanation, other operation steps is all undertaken by this area routine techniques.
The present invention's advantage is compared with prior art:
1. mushroom tang leach liquor is full-natural nutritive liquid, containing glucide, amino acid, peptide class, nucleic acid and trace element, bio-hormone also containing abundant species, also the biologically active substance do not leached in a large number is had in champignon stems slag, soak with mushroom tang and expect to mix and stir to carry out banking up with culturing raw material to ferment, promote beneficial microorganism breeding, improve the microorganism species in material, accelerate the catalytic decomposition of planting material;
2. the planting material after fermentation has high reactivity probiotics and active metabolite thereof, has accelerating effect, show as prosperous, the anti-miscellaneous bacteria ability of mycelium growth vigor strong to the growth of black fungus mycelia;
3. save the resource such as manpower, coal, decrease environmental pollution, meet low-carbon environment-friendly theory.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, and what do not illustrate in detail in embodiment is all state of the art.
Embodiment 1: a kind of making method of cultivation of auricularia auricula material, comprises batching, fermentation, turning, pack, inoculation, sends out bacterium, concrete operation step:
1. prepare burden: wood chip 62%, bagasse 10%, soya-bean cake 19%, mushroom tang 4.5%, lime 3.5%, gypsum 1%, be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%;
2. ferment: mushroom tang particle is added clear water by 20-30 weight ratio doubly, soak 18h-24h at normal temperatures, then leach liquor is admixed in wood chip, bagasse, soya-bean cake compound together with champignon stems slag uniformly, stockpile is become high 1.0m-1.2m, wide 2m-3m, the trapezoidal heap that length is not limit, the culture material often piled controls at dry weight 300kg-500kg, after carrying out heap, surrounding is patted, on heap, insert some vertical pores with the wooden stick of diameter 10cm-15cm again, at the bottom of straight through reactor, stomatal frequency is 1/m 3, finally cover straw mat by its spontaneous fermentation;
3. turning: after material temperature reaches 60 DEG C, keeps 24h, then carries out turning, and turning every day later once, add lime during first time turning, add gypsum during second time turning, altogether turning 3 times, time remaining 5d, when stopping fermentation, the water content of planting material is 63%-65%;
4. pack, inoculate, send out bacterium: the planting material fermented is after heat radiation, adopt the vinyon sacked material of 15cm × 60cm × 0.004cm, when filling with substance puts into bacterial classification at two ends of bag, access 3 cave bacterial classifications respectively in the both sides of bag after charging, then cultivating bag is emitted in dark bacteria room, temperature controls at 18 DEG C-20 DEG C, humid control is at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 38d, mycelia covers with pocket, namely enters grand style, goes out syrinx reason.
Embodiment 2: a kind of making method of cultivation of auricularia auricula material, comprises batching, fermentation, turning, pack, inoculation, sends out bacterium, concrete operation step:
1. prepare burden: wood chip 62%, bagasse 10%, soya-bean cake 19%, mushroom tang 4.5%, lime 3.5%, gypsum 1%, be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%;
2. ferment: mushroom tang particle is added clear water by 20-30 weight ratio doubly, soak 18h-24h at normal temperatures, then the leach liquor after removing slag is admixed in wood chip, bagasse, soya-bean cake compound uniformly, stockpile is become high 1.0m-1.2m, wide 2m-3m, the trapezoidal heap that length is not limit, the culture material often piled controls at dry weight 300kg-500kg, after carrying out heap, surrounding is patted, on heap, insert some vertical pores with the wooden stick of diameter 10cm-15cm again, at the bottom of straight through reactor, stomatal frequency is 1/m 3, finally cover straw mat by its spontaneous fermentation;
3. turning: after material temperature reaches 60 DEG C, keeps 24h, then carries out turning, and turning every day later once, add lime during first time turning, add gypsum during second time turning, altogether turning 3 times, time remaining 5d, when stopping fermentation, the water content of planting material is 63%-65%;
4. pack, inoculate, send out bacterium: the planting material fermented is after heat radiation, adopt the vinyon sacked material of 15cm × 60cm × 0.004cm, when filling with substance puts into bacterial classification at two ends of bag, access 3 cave bacterial classifications respectively in the both sides of bag after charging, then cultivating bag is emitted in dark bacteria room, temperature controls at 18 DEG C-20 DEG C, humid control is at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 39d, mycelia covers with pocket, namely enters grand style, goes out syrinx reason.
Control group: black fungus grog is cultivated, concrete operation step:
1. prepare burden: wood chip 66%, bagasse 12%, soya-bean cake 20%, lime 1%, gypsum 1%, be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%;
2. spice: first wood chip, bagasse, soya-bean cake, lime, gypsum siccative are mixed thoroughly, then adding water stirs, makes the water content of planting material remain on 63%-65%;
3. pack, sterilizing: the high-pressure polypropylene plastics bag charging adopting 15cm × 60cm × 0.005cm, carries out normal-pressure sterilization after pack, when kettle temperature reaches 100 DEG C, keeps 10h-12h;
4. cool, inoculate: naturally cool to less than 25 DEG C and access bacterial classification, then cultivating bag is emitted in dark bacteria room, temperature controls at 20 DEG C-22 DEG C, humid control is at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 41d, mycelia covers with pocket, namely enters grand style, goes out syrinx reason.
Table one black fungus biological efficiency compares
As can be seen from Table I: the ferment effect utilizing mushroom tang leach liquor to add than single leach liquor together with the ferment effect that champignon stems slag adds is good, mycelial growth rate is fast, and bacterium bag pollution rate is low, and biological efficiency is high; Compared with cultivating with grog, embodiment 1 all has obvious advantage in mycelial growth rate, anti-living contaminants and output.

Claims (1)

1. a making method for cultivation of auricularia auricula material, comprises batching, fermentation, turning, pack, inoculation, sends out bacterium, it is characterized in that:
(1) prepare burden: wood chip 60-64%, bagasse 8-12%, soya-bean cake 18-20%, mushroom tang 4-5%, lime 3-4%, gypsum 1%, be all the quality of dry-matter, proportioning sum is 100%; Described wood chip is the deciduous tree weed tree sawdust of particle diameter 3mm-5mm; Described bagasse powder is broken into the particle of particle diameter 3mm-5mm; Described mushroom tang is the tankage in the Lentnus edodes course of processing, is ground into the particle of 2mm-3mm after drying;
(2) ferment: mushroom tang particle is added clear water by 20-30 weight ratio doubly, soak 18h-24h at normal temperatures, then leach liquor is admixed in wood chip, bagasse, soya-bean cake compound together with champignon stems slag uniformly, stockpile is become high 1.0m-1.2m, wide 2m-3m, the trapezoidal heap that length is not limit, the culture material often piled controls at dry weight 300kg-500kg, after carrying out heap, surrounding is patted, on heap, insert some vertical pores with the wooden stick of diameter 10cm-15cm again, at the bottom of straight through reactor, stomatal frequency is 1/m 3, finally cover straw mat by its spontaneous fermentation;
(3) turning: after material temperature reaches 60 DEG C, keeps 24h, then carries out turning, and turning every day later once, add lime during first time turning, add gypsum during second time turning, altogether turning 3-4 time, time remaining 5d-6d, when stopping fermentation, the water content of planting material is 63%-65%;
(4) pack, inoculate, send out bacterium: the planting material fermented is after heat radiation, adopt the vinyon sacked material of 15cm × 60cm × 0.004cm, when filling with substance puts into bacterial classification at two ends of bag, access 3 cave bacterial classifications respectively in the both sides of bag after charging, then cultivating bag is emitted in dark bacteria room, temperature controls at 18 DEG C-20 DEG C, humid control is at 60%-75%, through the cultivation of 38d-40d, mycelia covers with pocket, namely enters grand style, goes out syrinx reason.
CN201510095878.2A 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 Preparation method of black fungus cultivation material Pending CN104744140A (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102523928A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 广东省微生物研究所 Method for culturing lucid ganoderma by using oral liquid dregs
CN102939834A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-27 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Cultivation method for interplanting of mulberry-branch black fungus on mulberry tree
CN103214279A (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-07-24 邬金飞 Compatibility of black fungus cultivation material and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103224426A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-31 邬金飞 Novel method for preparing black fungus mushroom branched wood cultivars
CN103360158A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-23 邬金飞 Formula and manufacturing method of black fungus culture material
CN103387466A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-11-13 邬金飞 Black fungus culture compatible product and preparation method of culture
CN103493679A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Black fungus cultivation method for improving polysaccharide content and cultivated black fungus

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101326889A (en) * 2007-12-11 2008-12-24 佳木斯大学 Method for cultivating black edible fungus using kailyard stalk
CN101548623A (en) * 2009-05-08 2009-10-07 伍宗文 Cultivation method of black fungus
CN102523928A (en) * 2012-01-16 2012-07-04 广东省微生物研究所 Method for culturing lucid ganoderma by using oral liquid dregs
CN102939834A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-27 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Cultivation method for interplanting of mulberry-branch black fungus on mulberry tree
CN103224426A (en) * 2013-04-02 2013-07-31 邬金飞 Novel method for preparing black fungus mushroom branched wood cultivars
CN103214279A (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-07-24 邬金飞 Compatibility of black fungus cultivation material and manufacturing method of cultivation material
CN103360158A (en) * 2013-07-03 2013-10-23 邬金飞 Formula and manufacturing method of black fungus culture material
CN103387466A (en) * 2013-08-02 2013-11-13 邬金飞 Black fungus culture compatible product and preparation method of culture
CN103493679A (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-01-08 合肥市潜溪山庄农业生态园有限公司 Black fungus cultivation method for improving polysaccharide content and cultivated black fungus

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Application publication date: 20150701