CN104743745B - A kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system - Google Patents

A kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104743745B
CN104743745B CN201510111732.2A CN201510111732A CN104743745B CN 104743745 B CN104743745 B CN 104743745B CN 201510111732 A CN201510111732 A CN 201510111732A CN 104743745 B CN104743745 B CN 104743745B
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water
mud
zone
waste water
aeration
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CN104743745A (en
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王莉
万玉山
王晟斌
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Pizhou Borui Investment Management Co.,Ltd.
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Changzhou University
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system, comprise wastewater equalization pond, strengthening flotation tank, ozone oxidation sedimentation basin, material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, baffling aeration biological filter chamber and oxidation pond; Strengthening flotation tank is followed successively by silt particle district, mixed zone and Disengagement zone from bottom to up, ozone oxidation sedimentation basin comprises aeration mixed zone and settling zone, material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool comprises the double oxygen section, anoxic section and the anaerobism section that are separated into by deflection plate, and baffling aeration biological filter chamber comprises lower current area, ascending zone and mud district; Waste water enters strengthening flotation tank through regulating reservoir and scums, then enter ozone oxidation sedimentation basin, the oxidized decomposition of pollutant, enter again material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool and carry out anoxic, anaerobic reaction, enter oxidation pond, oxidation pond water reuse after treatment through baffling aeration biological filter chamber reaction with after filtering.

Description

A kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste water processing, be specifically related to a kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system.
Background technology
The Garlic yield of China is very high, occupies first place in the world, and accounts for 1/4 of Gross World Product, most of corporate bossWill be taking the processing of garlic sheet as main. The production and processing of Garlic sheet generally comprises and select, clears up, cuts into slices,Several processes such as rinsing, dehydration, equilibrium water conten, sorting, packaging, finished product, produce garlic wastewater, and this is uselessWater float thing is more, and COD concentration is higher, and the allicin that contains strong restraining and sterilizing bacteria effect, makes this uselessWater becomes high-concentration hardly-degradable waste water.
Chinese utility model patent " garlic processing wastewater treatment device " (application number: 201020559008.9)Disclose a kind of garlic processing wastewater treatment device, this facility water outlet can meet " integrated wastewater discharge standard "(GB8978-1996) secondary standard, but along with revision and the raising of state sewage emission standard, this patentWaste water disposal facility can not realize qualified discharge.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: in order to solve the difficult problem in above-mentioned garlic wastewater processing, thisBrightly provide a kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system,Comprise wastewater equalization pond, strengthening flotation tank, ozone oxidation sedimentation basin, material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, foldingStreaming BAF and oxidation pond; Described wastewater equalization pond, strengthening flotation tank, ozone oxidation sedimentation basin,Material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, baffling aeration biological filter chamber and oxidation pond are communicated with successively.
Described wastewater equalization pond comprises water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, for regulating water quality and the water yield of garlic wastewater.
Described strengthening flotation tank comprises water inlet pipe and processes the outlet pipe of water afterwards, described strengthening for dischargingFlotation tank is followed successively by silt particle district, mixed zone and Disengagement zone from bottom to up; Described Disengagement zone comprise gathering ground andBe positioned at Nei Jizha district, gathering ground; Between the silt particle district of described strengthening flotation tank and mixed zone, be provided with aeration plate,The top of described aeration plate is provided with water distribution branch pipe, and described water distribution branch pipe connects water inlet pipe, described aerationDish is connected with the blower fan outside strengthening flotation tank by aeration tube; In described Disengagement zone, be provided with three phase separator,Described three phase separator comprises deflector and the triangle water conservancy diversion that is positioned at below deflector and deflector is used in conjunction withRing, described triangle guide ring be arranged on strengthening flotation tank inwall on, the top of described deflector with pointThe shape in abscission zone is identical, and the bottom of described deflector is horn-like, the internal diameter of the bottom of described deflectorBe greater than the internal diameter of triangle guide ring; The top of described Disengagement zone outer wall is provided with overfalling weir, described overfalling weirBe connected with outlet pipe; Described Ji Zha district is laid with scum board and scum silica frost groove; When waste water overflows from the bottom up, waterEnter the bottom of deflector together with scum silica frost by triangle guide ring, scum silica frost continues up to enter Ji Zhaqu, waterEnter gathering ground by the gap between deflector and triangle guide ring; For the better effects if of wastewater treatment,Described water distribution branch pipe is arranged to concentric circles or cross shape, has horizontal radiation water outlet on water distribution branch pipeMouthful; Further, described aeration plate is the pore type aeration plate that is evenly provided with micropore; Due to water, precipitationThe density difference of thing realizes and separating under three phase separator effect; In order to discharge sediment after treatment, instituteThe strengthening flotation tank bottom of stating is provided with sediment discharge valve.
The outlet pipe of described strengthening flotation tank is communicated with the water inlet pipe of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin.
Described ozone oxidation sedimentation basin comprises aeration mixed zone and settling zone, and bottom, aeration mixed zone is provided withOzonation aerated dish, the top of described ozonation aerated dish is provided with water distribution branch pipe, described water distribution branch pipe connect intoWater pipe, described ozonation aerated dish is connected with the blower fan outside ozone oxidation sedimentation basin by aeration tube, and blower fan is logicalPiping is communicated with ozone generator; In described settling zone, be provided with baffle plate, the inwall of this baffle plate and sedimentation basin formsThe waste water runner that enters settling zone as waste water, the exit of settling zone is provided with three phase separator, settling zoneOutlet top is provided with overfalling weir, and bottom design tapered structure in settling zone is provided with spoil disposal in bottom, settling zoneValve.
Described material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool comprises double oxygen section, the anoxic section being separated into by deflection plate and detestsOxygen section, described double oxygen section head end is provided with the water inlet pipe for feeding waste water, hold concurrently oxygen section end and anoxic section head endBe communicated with, anoxic section end is communicated with anaerobism section head end, described anoxic section and the anaerobism section side deflection plate of intakingBottom is provided with the corner of 45 degree, the percussion producing when avoiding current to enter, thus play buffered waterThe effect of stream and water distribution uniformity; Anaerobism section end is provided with three phase separator and overfalling weir, and overfalling weir connects water outletPipe; Described double oxygen section, anoxic section and the tapered structure of anaerobism section bottom design, pyramidal structure connects mud rowPut valve; The upper cover design Cheng Yuan of double oxygen section, anoxic section and the anaerobism section of described material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation poolPyramidal structure, conical structure top is provided with independently methane waste product discharge; Described double oxygen section, anoxic sectionWith in anaerobism section, be all provided with filler.
Described baffling aeration biological filter chamber middle and upper part is that cylindrical, bottom is conical structure, comprises dirtyDistrict, ascending zone and mud district; Described lower current area is arranged in the cylindrical structural of baffling aeration biological filter chamberPortion, is cylindrical structural, and lower current area top is provided with water inlet pipe and water distributor, and lower current area middle part is provided with filler,Lower current area bottom is provided with aeration tube, and the bottom of described lower current area is provided with deflection plate, and the vertical of described deflection plate brokenIt is horn-like that face is; Described ascending zone is positioned at the periphery of lower current area, the top of deflection plate, and ascending zone middle part is provided withFiller, bottom is provided with aeration tube, and the exit on ascending zone top is provided with overfalling weir; Described mud district is positioned at foldingThe bottom of bottom, lower current area and the ascending zone of streaming BAF, the bottom in mud district is provided with mud rowPut valve.
Described oxidation pond comprises water inlet, cofferdam, connection water channel and delivery port; Described oxidation pond is multiple poolsBody series operation.
Adopt above-mentioned garlic wastewater advanced treatment system to carry out a method for wastewater treatment, there are following steps:
1. garlic wastewater enters wastewater equalization pond regulating water quality and the water yield by water inlet pipe.
2. then waste water enters the middle and lower part of strengthening flotation tank by water inlet pipe; Be positioned at strengthening flotation tank water inlet pipeThe aeration plate of below produces a large amount of tiny bubbles makes the solids in waste water produce friction, removes on solidsOther pollutants; Tiny bubble and the supernatant that aeration plate produces adhere to formation mixture under buoyancy onRise, under the effect of strengthening flotation tank Disengagement zone three phase separator, mixture rises to Ji Zhaqu, is scraping slagUnder the effect of plate, scum silica frost enters scum silica frost groove cleaned outward transport; Sediment sinks to by force under the effect of gravityChange the silt particle district of flotation tank bottom, discharge by the sediment discharge valve of strengthening flotation tank bottom; Separating treatmentAfter water enter strengthening flotation tank gathering ground under the deflector effect of flotation tank three-phase separation area in strengthening, by overflowingMill weir, outlet pipe and tube connector are communicated with the water inlet pipe of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin.
3. the water inlet pipe of waste water by ozone oxidation sedimentation basin and water distribution branch pipe enter ozone oxidation sedimentation basinMiddle and lower part; The ozonation aerated dish that is positioned at ozone oxidation sedimentation basin water distribution branch pipe below produces a large amount of tiny bubbles to be madeSolids in waste water further rubs, and the macromolecular substances in waste water is oxidized to and is easy to absorb and inhale simultaneouslyAttached small-molecule substance, the waste water after oxidation Decomposition enters the waste water runner of settling zone, the three-phase separate of settling zoneRealize mud-water separation from device; Mud sinks to the bottom of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin settling zone under the effect of gravity,Mud valve by bottom is discharged; Waste water is communicated with material filling type anoxic by overfalling weir, outlet pipe and tube connector to be detestedThe water inlet pipe of oxygen reaction tank.
4. waste water is held concurrently by material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, and to enter material filling type anoxic anaerobism anti-for the water inlet pipe of oxygen sectionThe bottom of Ying Chi; Waste water advances up and down along deflection plate after entering material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, passes through successivelyThe Sludge Bed of each reative cell of oxygen section, anoxic section and the anaerobism section held concurrently, the mud in reaction tank is along with waste waterThe effect that upper current downflow and biogas rise and moving, the sinking of the barrier effect of filler and deflection plate and mud selfThe effect of falling makes again the flow velocity of mud reduce, and therefore a large amount of mud is all trapped within reaction tank, in reaction tankMicroorganism fully contact with the organic matter in waste water. Amphimicrobe, anoxic section and anaerobism section different of the oxygen section of holding concurrentlyBacteria is organic acid by the hydrolysis of organic matter in waste water, makes larger molecular organics be decomposed into small organic molecule,Insoluble organic matter changes into dissolved organic matter.
5. the three phase separator that the waste water after anaerobic reaction is provided with at anaerobism section end is realized mud, water, methane gasSeparation, mud sinks to the bottom of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, unnecessary dirt under the effect of gravityMud is discharged by the mud discharging valve of bottom; The methane waste product that material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool produces is by anti-Ying Chi top discharge is collected discharge; Waste water after treatment enters folding by overfalling weir, outlet pipe and tube connectorThe water inlet pipe of streaming BAF.
6. waste water enters the lower current area of baffling aeration biological filter chamber by water inlet pipe, water distributor, and aeration tube producesRaw air and the waste water generation biochemical reaction that crosses in filler, while filler filters waste water, waste waterBy entering ascending zone after deflection plate, in filler, there is biochemical reaction, filler filters waste water simultaneously,The mud that lower current area and ascending zone produce sinks to mud district, by the mud discharging valve discharge of bottom, mud districtGo out, baffling aeration biological filter chamber water after treatment enters oxidation pond by overfalling weir.
7. waste water enters oxidation pond by water inlet, provides dissolved oxygen by photosynthesis and the wind-force stirring of algae,Aerobic microbiological is degraded to organic matter, reaches recycle-water standard through multi-stage oxidizing pool water after treatment,Be back to garlic processing enterprise.
8. ozone oxidation sedimentation basin, material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, baffling aeration biological filter chamber produceOutward transport after excess sludge dehydration.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: suit measures to local conditions, capital expenditure is few, easy to maintenance, and energy consumption is lower, rightGarlic wastewater has reasonable processing depth effect, can realize sewage recycling, and sewage is carried out comprehensivelyUtilize.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention strengthening flotation tank.
In Fig. 1: 1. strengthening flotation tank, 1-1. strengthening flotation tank water inlet pipe, 1-2. silt particle district, 1-3. is mixedClose district, 1-4. gathering ground, 1-5. Ji Zhaqu, 1-6. strengthening flotation tank aeration plate, 1-7. strengthens flotation tankWater distribution branch pipe, 1-8. air blast and gas flowmeter, 1-9. strengthening flotation tank three phase separator, 1-10. overflowsMill weir, 1-11. scum board, 1-12. scum silica frost groove, 1-13. sediment discharge valve.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention ozone oxidation sedimentation basin.
In Fig. 2: 2. ozone oxidation sedimentation basin, 2-1. aeration mixed zone, 2-2. settling zone, 2-3. ozoneAeration plate, 2-4. water distribution branch pipe, 2-5. water inlet pipe, 2-6. ozone air blast and gas flowmeter, 2-7. is smellyOxygen Generator, 2-8. baffle plate, 2-9. ozone oxidation sedimentation basin three phase separator, 2-10. ozone oxidation sedimentation basinOverfalling weir, 2-11. mud valve.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool.
In Fig. 3: 3. material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, 3-1. deflection plate, the 3-2. oxygen section of holding concurrently, 3-3. anoxicSection, 3-4. anaerobism section, 3-5. material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool water inlet pipe, 3-6. material filling type anoxic anaerobismReaction tank three phase separator, 3-7. material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool overfalling weir, 3-8. mud discharging valve, 3-9.Upper cover, 3-10. discharge, 3-11. filler.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention baffling aeration biological filter chamber.
In Fig. 4: 4. baffling aeration biological filter chamber, 4-1. lower current area, 4-2. ascending zone, 4-3. dirtMud district, 4-4. baffling aeration biological filter chamber water inlet pipe, 4-5. baffling aeration biological filter chamber water distributor, 4-6.Lower current area filler, 4-7. aeration tube, 4-8. deflection plate, 4-9. ascending zone filler, 4-10. deflector typeBAF overfalling weir, 4-11. mud discharging valve.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention oxidation pond.
In Fig. 5: 5. oxidation pond, 5-1. oxidation pond water inlet, 5-2. cofferdam, 5-3. connects water channel, 5-4.Oxidation pond water mouth.
Fig. 6 is the process chart of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation. These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification,Basic structure of the present invention is only described in a schematic way, and therefore it only shows the formation relevant with the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1~Fig. 6, a kind of garlic wastewater advanced treatment system of the present invention, comprise wastewater equalization pond,Strengthening flotation tank 1, ozone oxidation sedimentation basin 2, material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool 3, baffling aeration biologyFilter tank 4 and oxidation pond 5; Described wastewater equalization pond, strengthening flotation tank 1, ozone oxidation sedimentation basin 2, fillerFormula anoxic anaerobic reation pool 3, baffling aeration biological filter chamber 4 and oxidation pond 5 are communicated with successively.
Described wastewater equalization pond comprises water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, for regulating water quality and the water yield of garlic wastewater.
Described strengthening flotation tank 1 comprise water inlet pipe 1-1 and for discharge process after the outlet pipe of water, described inStrengthening flotation tank be followed successively by from bottom to up silt particle district 1-2, mixed zone 1-3 and Disengagement zone; Described Disengagement zoneComprise gathering ground 1-4 and be positioned at Nei Jizha district, gathering ground 1-5; The silt particle district 1-2 of described strengthening flotation tank andBetween the 1-3 of mixed zone, be provided with aeration plate 1-6, the top of described aeration plate is provided with water distribution branch pipe 1-7, instituteThe water distribution branch pipe of stating connects water inlet pipe 1-1, and described aeration plate 1-6 is connected with strengthening flotation tank by aeration tubeOuter blower fan 1-8. In described Disengagement zone, be provided with three phase separator 1-9, described three phase separator 1-9 bagDraw together deflector and the triangle guide ring that is positioned at below deflector and deflector is used in conjunction with, described triangle water conservancy diversionRing is arranged on the inwall of strengthening flotation tank, and the top of described deflector is identical with the shape of Disengagement zone, instituteThe bottom of the deflector of stating is horn-like, the internal diameter of the bottom of described deflector be greater than triangle guide ring inFootpath; The top of described Disengagement zone outer wall is provided with overfalling weir 1-10, described overfalling weir 1-10 and outlet pipe phaseConnect; Described Ji Zha district 1-5 is laid with scum board 1-11 and scum silica frost groove 1-12; When waste water overflows from the bottom up,Water enters the bottom of deflector together with scum silica frost by triangle guide ring, scum silica frost continues up to enter Ji Zhaqu1-5, water enters gathering ground 1-4 by the gap between deflector and triangle guide ring; For wastewater treatmentBetter effects if, described water distribution branch pipe 1-7 is arranged to concentric circles or cross shape, tool on water distribution branch pipeThere is horizontal radiation delivery port; Further, described aeration plate is the pore type aeration plate that is evenly provided with micropore;Due to water, sedimentary density difference, under three phase separator effect, realize and separating; In order to discharge after processingSediment, described strengthening flotation tank bottom is provided with sediment discharge valve 1-13.
The outlet pipe of described strengthening flotation tank 1 is communicated with the water inlet pipe 2-5 of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin 2.
Described ozone oxidation sedimentation basin 2 comprises aeration mixed zone 2-1 and settling zone 2-2, at the bottom of aeration mixed zonePortion is provided with ozonation aerated dish 2-3, and the top of described ozonation aerated dish is provided with water distribution branch pipe 2-4, describedWater distribution branch pipe 2-4 connects water inlet pipe 2-5, and described ozonation aerated dish 2-3 is connected with ozone oxygen by aeration tubeChange the blower fan outside sedimentation basin, blower and pipeline is communicated with ozone generator 2-7; In described settling zone, be provided with baffle plate2-8, the inwall of this baffle plate and sedimentation basin forms the waste water runner that enters settling zone as waste water, the going out of settling zoneMouth place is provided with three phase separator 2-9, and the outlet top of settling zone is provided with overfalling weir 2-10, and establish bottom, settling zoneCount tapered structure, be provided with mud valve 2-11 in bottom, settling zone.
Described material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool 3 comprises the double oxygen section 3-2, the anoxic that are separated into by deflection plate 3-1Section 3-3 and anaerobism section 3-4, described double oxygen section 3-2 head end is provided with the water inlet pipe 3-5 for feeding waste water, the oxygen of holding concurrentlySection 3-2 end is communicated with anoxic section 3-3 head end, and anoxic section 3-3 end is communicated with anaerobism section 3-4 head end, described inThe intake bottom of a side deflection plate of anoxic section 3-3 and anaerobism section 3-4 is provided with the corner of 45 degree, to avoid currentThe percussion producing while entering, thus play the effect that cushions current and water distribution uniformity; Anaerobism section 3-4 endBe provided with three phase separator 3-6 and overfalling weir 3-7, overfalling weir 3-7 connects outlet pipe; Described double oxygen section 3-2, scarceOxygen section 3-3 and the tapered structure of anaerobism section 3-4 bottom design, pyramidal structure connects mud discharging valve 3-8; DescribedThe upper cover 3-9 of double oxygen section, anoxic section and the anaerobism section of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool is designed to conical knotStructure, conical structure top is provided with independently methane waste product discharge 3-10; Described double oxygen section, anoxic section andIn anaerobism section, be all provided with filler 3-11.
The middle and upper part of described baffling aeration biological filter chamber 4 is that cylindrical, bottom is conical structure, comprisesLower current area 4-1, ascending zone 4-2 and mud district 4-3; Described lower current area 4-1 is positioned at baffling aeration biological filterThe middle part of the cylindrical structural in pond, is cylindrical structural, and lower current area top is provided with water inlet pipe 4-4 and water distributor4-5, lower current area middle part is provided with filler 4-6, and lower current area bottom is provided with aeration tube 4-7, the end of described lower current areaPortion is provided with deflection plate 4-8, and the vertical section of described deflection plate 4-8 is horn-like; Described ascending zone 4-2 is positioned atThe periphery of lower current area 4-1, the top of deflection plate, ascending zone middle part is provided with filler 4-9, and bottom is provided with aeration tube,The exit on ascending zone top is provided with overfalling weir 4-10; Described mud district 4-3 is positioned at baffling aeration biological filterThe bottom of bottom, lower current area and the ascending zone in pond, the bottom in mud district is provided with mud discharging valve 4-11.
Described oxidation pond 5 comprises water inlet 5-1, cofferdam 5-2, connects water channel 5-3 and delivery port 5-4; InstituteState oxidation pond 5 for the body series operation of multiple pools.
Adopt above-mentioned garlic wastewater advanced treatment system to carry out a method for wastewater treatment, there are following steps:
1. garlic wastewater enters wastewater equalization pond regulating water quality and the water yield by water inlet pipe.
2. then waste water enters the middle and lower part of strengthening flotation tank by water inlet pipe 1-1; Being positioned at strengthening flotation tank entersThe aeration plate 1-6 of water pipe below produces a large amount of tiny bubbles makes the solids in waste water produce friction, removes solidOther pollutants on body thing; The tiny bubble that aeration plate 1-6 produces and supernatant adhere to formation mixture and existUnder buoyancy, rise, under the effect of strengthening flotation tank three phase separator 1-9, mixture rises to collection slagDistrict 1-5, under the effect of scum board 1-11, scum silica frost enters scum silica frost groove 1-12 cleaned outward transport; SedimentUnder the effect of gravity, sink to the silt particle district 1-2 of strengthening flotation tank bottom, by sinking of strengthening flotation tank bottomShallow lake thing drain valve 1-13 discharges; Water after separating treatment is under strengthening flotation tank three-phase separation area deflector effectEnter strengthening flotation tank gathering ground 1-4, be communicated with ozone oxidation by overfalling weir 1-10, outlet pipe and tube connectorThe water inlet pipe 2-5 of sedimentation basin.
3. to enter ozone oxidation by ozone oxidation sedimentation basin water inlet pipe 2-5 and water distribution branch pipe 2-4 heavy for waste waterThe middle and lower part in pond, shallow lake 2; The ozonation aerated dish 2-3 that is positioned at ozone oxidation sedimentation basin water distribution branch pipe below produces largeAmount tiny bubble further rubs the solids in waste water, the macromolecular substances in waste water is oxidized to simultaneouslyBe easy to the small-molecule substance that absorbs and adsorb, the waste water after oxidation Decomposition enters the waste water runner of settling zone, heavyThe three phase separator 2-9 in shallow lake district realizes mud-water separation; It is heavy that mud sinks to ozone oxidation under the effect of gravityThe bottom of pond, shallow lake settling zone 2-2, discharges by the mud valve 2-11 of bottom; Waste water by overfalling weir 2-10,Outlet pipe and tube connector are communicated with the water inlet pipe 3-5 of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool.
4. waste water is entered material filling type anoxic and is detested by the hold concurrently water inlet pipe 3-5 of oxygen section of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation poolThe bottom of oxygen reaction tank 3; Waste water advances up and down along deflection plate after entering material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool, complies withThe Sludge Bed of inferior each reative cell by hold concurrently oxygen section 3-2, anoxic section 3-3 and anaerobism section 3-4, in reaction tankThe mud effect of rising along with the upper current downflow of waste water and biogas and move, filler and deflection plate stop workWith making again the flow velocity of mud reduce with the settlement action of mud self, therefore a large amount of mud is all trapped within insteadYing Chizhong, the microorganism in reaction tank fully contacts with the organic matter in waste water. Hold concurrently oxygen section 3-2 amphimicrobe,The heterotroph of anoxic section 3-3 and anaerobism section 3-4 is organic acid by the hydrolysis of organic matter in waste water, makes large moleculeOrganic substance decomposing is small organic molecule, and insoluble organic matter changes into dissolved organic matter.
5. the three phase separator 3-6 that the waste water after anaerobic reaction is provided with at anaerobism section 3-4 end realize mud, water,The separation of methane gas, mud sinks to the bottom of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool under the effect of gravity, manyRemaining mud is discharged by the mud discharging valve 3-8 of bottom; The methane that material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool producesWaste gas is collected discharge by reaction tank top discharge 3-10; Waste water is by overfalling weir, outlet pipe and enter foldingThe water inlet pipe 4-4 of streaming BAF.
6. waste water enters the lower current area of baffling aeration biological filter chamber by water inlet pipe 4-4 and water distributor 4-54-1, air and the waste water that aeration tube 4-7 the produces generation biochemical reaction that crosses in filler 4-6, while filler4-6 filters waste water, and waste water enters ascending zone 4-2 after by deflection plate 4-8, in filler 4-9, sends outRaw biochemical reaction, filler 4-9 filters waste water simultaneously, and lower current area 4-1 and ascending zone 4-2 produceMud sinks to mud district 4-3, emits deflector type by the mud discharging valve 4-11 of bottom, mud districtBAF water after treatment enters oxidation pond 5 by overfalling weir 4-10.
7. waste water enters oxidation pond 5 by water inlet 5-1, provides molten by photosynthesis and the wind-force stirring of algaeSeparate oxygen, aerobic microbiological is degraded to organic matter, reaches recycle-water through multi-stage oxidizing pool water after treatmentStandard, is back to garlic processing enterprise.
8. ozone oxidation sedimentation basin 2, material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool 3, baffling aeration biological filter chamber 4 produceOutward transport after raw excess sludge dehydration.
Taking above-mentioned foundation desirable embodiment of the present invention as enlightenment, by above-mentioned description, related workPersonnel can carry out various change and amendment completely in the scope that does not depart from this invention technological thought.The technical scope of this invention is not limited to the content on description, must be according to claim scopeDetermine its technical scope.

Claims (2)

1. a garlic wastewater advanced treatment system, is characterized in that: comprise wastewater equalization pond, strengthening air supportingPond (1), ozone oxidation sedimentation basin (2), material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool (3), baffling aeration biologyFilter tank (4) and oxidation pond (5);
Described regulating reservoir comprises water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, for regulating water quality and the water yield of garlic wastewater;
Described strengthening flotation tank (1) comprise water inlet pipe (1-1) and for discharge process after the outlet pipe of water,Described strengthening flotation tank is followed successively by silt particle district (1-2), mixed zone (1-3) and Disengagement zone from bottom to up; DescribedDisengagement zone comprise gathering ground (1-4) and be positioned at Nei Jizha district, gathering ground (1-5); Described strengthening flotation tankBetween silt particle district (1-2) and mixed zone (1-3), be provided with aeration plate (1-6), the top of described aeration plate is provided withWater distribution branch pipe (1-7), described water distribution branch pipe connects water inlet pipe (1-1), and described aeration plate (1-6) is by exposing to the sunTracheae is connected with the blower fan outside strengthening flotation tank; In described Disengagement zone, be provided with three phase separator (1-9), described inThree phase separator (1-9) comprise deflector and be positioned at deflector below and lead with the triangle that deflector is used in conjunction withStream ring, described triangle guide ring is arranged on the inwall of strengthening flotation tank, the top of described deflector withThe shape of Disengagement zone is identical, and the bottom of described deflector is horn-like, in the bottom of described deflectorFootpath is greater than the internal diameter of triangle guide ring; The top of described Disengagement zone outer wall is provided with overfalling weir (1-10), described inOverfalling weir (1-10) be connected with outlet pipe; Described Ji Zha district (1-5) is laid with scum board (1-11) and scum silica frostGroove (1-12); Waste water from the bottom up overflow time, water together with scum silica frost by triangle guide ring enter deflector underPortion, scum silica frost continues up to enter Ji Zhaqu (1-5), and water enters by the gap between deflector and triangle guide ringEnter gathering ground (1-4); For the better effects if of wastewater treatment, described water distribution branch pipe (1-7) is arranged to one heartToroidal or cross shape, have horizontal radiation delivery port on water distribution branch pipe; Further, described aeration plateIt is the pore type aeration plate that is evenly provided with micropore; Due to water, sedimentary density difference, in three phase separationUnder device effect, realize and separating; In order to discharge sediment after treatment, it is heavy that described strengthening flotation tank bottom is provided withShallow lake thing drain valve (1-13);
Described ozone oxidation sedimentation basin (2) comprises aeration mixed zone (2-1) and settling zone (2-2), and aeration mixesBottom, district is provided with ozonation aerated dish (2-3), and the top of described ozonation aerated dish is provided with water distribution branch pipe (2-4),Described water distribution branch pipe (2-4) connects water inlet pipe (2-5), and described ozonation aerated dish (2-3) connects by aeration tubeBe connected to the blower fan outside ozone oxidation sedimentation basin, blower and pipeline is communicated with ozone generator (2-7); Described precipitationIn district, be provided with baffle plate (2-8), the inwall of this baffle plate and sedimentation basin forms the wastewater streams that enters settling zone as waste waterRoad, the exit of settling zone is provided with three phase separator (2-9), and the outlet top of settling zone is provided with overfalling weir(2-10), the tapered structure of settling zone bottom design, is provided with mud valve (2-11) in bottom, settling zone;
Described material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool (3) comprises the double oxygen section being separated into by deflection plate (3-1)(3-2), anoxic section (3-3) and anaerobism section (3-4), described double oxygen section (3-2) head end is provided with for supplyingEnter the water inlet pipe (3-5) of waste water, oxygen section (3-2) end of holding concurrently is communicated with anoxic section (3-3) head end, anoxicSection (3-3) end is communicated with anaerobism section (3-4) head end; Described anoxic section (3-3) and anaerobism section (3-4)The bottom of water inlet one side deflection plate be provided with the corner of 45 degree, the impact producing when avoiding current to enter is doneWith, thereby play the effect that cushions current and water distribution uniformity; Anaerobism section (3-4) end is provided with three phase separator(3-6) and overfalling weir (3-7), overfalling weir (3-7) connects outlet pipe; Described double oxygen section (3-2), scarceOxygen section (3-3) and the tapered structure of anaerobism section (3-4) bottom design, pyramidal structure connects mud discharging valve(3-8); The upper cover (3-9) of double oxygen section, anoxic section and the anaerobism section of described material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation poolBe designed to conical structure, conical structure top is all provided with methane waste product discharge (3-10); Described double oxygenIn section, anoxic section and anaerobism section, be all provided with filler (3-11);
The middle and upper part of described baffling aeration biological filter chamber (4) is that cylindrical, bottom is conical structure, bagDraw together lower current area (4-1), ascending zone (4-2) and mud district (4-3); Described lower current area (4-1) is positioned at foldingThe middle part of the cylindrical structural of streaming BAF, is cylindrical structural, and lower current area top is provided with into waterPipe (4-4) and water distributor (4-5), lower current area middle part is provided with filler (4-6), and lower current area bottom is provided with aerationPipe (4-7), the bottom of described lower current area is provided with deflection plate (4-8), and the vertical of described deflection plate (4-8) brokenIt is horn-like that face is; Described ascending zone (4-2) is positioned at the periphery of lower current area (4-1), ascending zone (4-2) positionIn the top of deflection plate, ascending zone middle part is provided with filler (4-9), and bottom is provided with aeration tube, ascending zone topExit be provided with overfalling weir (4-10); Described mud district (4-3) is positioned at baffling aeration biological filter chamberThe bottom of bottom, lower current area and ascending zone, the bottom in mud district is provided with mud discharging valve (4-11);
Described oxidation pond (5) comprises water inlet (5-1), cofferdam (5-2), connection water channel (5-3) and goes outThe mouth of a river (5-4); Described oxidation pond (5) is the body series operation of multiple pools.
2. a side that adopts garlic wastewater advanced treatment system as claimed in claim 1 to carry out wastewater treatmentMethod, has following steps:
1. garlic wastewater enters wastewater equalization pond regulating water quality and the water yield by water inlet pipe;
2. then waste water enters the middle and lower part of strengthening flotation tank by water inlet pipe (1-1); Be positioned at strengthening flotation tankThe aeration plate (1-6) of water inlet pipe below produces a large amount of tiny bubbles makes the solids in waste water produce friction, goesExcept other pollutants on solids; The tiny bubble that aeration plate (1-6) produces and supernatant adhere to form and mixZoarium rises under buoyancy, under the effect of strengthening flotation tank three phase separator (1-9), on mixtureRise to Ji Zhaqu (1-5), under the effect of scum board (1-11), scum silica frost enters scum silica frost groove (1-12) alsoCleaned outward transport; Sediment sinks to the silt particle district (1-2) of strengthening flotation tank bottom under the effect of gravity,Sediment discharge valve (1-13) by strengthening flotation tank bottom is discharged; Water after separating treatment is at strengthening gasUnder the deflector effect of Fu Chi three-phase separation area, enter strengthening flotation tank gathering ground (1-4), pass through overfalling weir(1-10), outlet pipe and tube connector are communicated with the water inlet pipe (2-5) of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin;
3. waste water enters ozone by ozone oxidation sedimentation basin water inlet pipe (2-5) and water distribution branch pipe (2-4)The middle and lower part of oxidization and sedimentation basin (2); Be positioned at the ozonation aerated dish of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin water distribution branch pipe below(2-3) produce a large amount of tiny bubbles the solids in waste water is further rubbed, simultaneously large point in waste waterSub-substance oxidation becomes to be easy to absorb and the small-molecule substance of absorption, and the waste water after oxidation Decomposition enters settling zoneWaste water runner, the three phase separator (2-9) of settling zone is realized mud-water separation; Mud under the effect of gravity underSink to the bottom of ozone oxidation sedimentation basin settling zone (2-2), discharge by the mud valve (2-11) of bottom;Waste water is communicated with the water inlet pipe of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool by overfalling weir (2-10), outlet pipe and tube connector(3-5);
4. waste water enters material filling type anoxic by the hold concurrently water inlet pipe (3-5) of oxygen section of material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation poolThe bottom of anaerobic reation pool (3); Waste water enters after material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool along deflection plate (3-1)Advance up and down, pass through successively the each anti-of oxygen section (3-2), anoxic section (3-3) and anaerobism section (3-4) of holding concurrentlyAnswer the Sludge Bed of chamber, the effect that the mud in reaction tank rises along with the upper current downflow of waste water and biogas and moving,The barrier effect of filler and deflection plate (3-1) and the settlement action of mud self make again the flow velocity of mud reduce,Therefore a large amount of mud is all trapped within reaction tank, and the organic matter in microorganism and waste water in reaction tank fillsDivide contact; The heterotroph of amphimicrobe, anoxic section (3-3) and the anaerobism section (3-4) of the oxygen section (3-2) of holding concurrently willHydrolysis of organic matter in waste water is organic acid, makes larger molecular organics be decomposed into small organic molecule, insolubleOrganic matter change into dissolved organic matter;
5. the three phase separator (3-6) that the waste water after anaerobic reaction is provided with at anaerobism section (3-4) end is realizedThe separation of mud, water, methane gas, mud sinks to material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool under the effect of gravityBottom, unnecessary mud is discharged by the mud discharging valve (3-8) of bottom; Material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation poolThe methane waste product producing is collected discharge by reaction tank top discharge (3-10); Waste water by overfalling weir,Outlet pipe and tube connector enter the water inlet pipe of baffling aeration biological filter chamber (4);
6. waste water by water inlet pipe (4-4) and water distributor (4-5) enter baffling aeration biological filter chamber underStream district (4-1), the air that aeration tube (4-7) produces and waste water cross biochemistry occur in filler (4-6)Reaction, simultaneously filler (4-6) filters waste water, and waste water enters upper reaches after by deflection plate (4-8), there is biochemical reaction in district (4-2), filler (4-9) filters waste water simultaneously in filler (4-9),The mud that lower current area (4-1) and ascending zone (4-2) produce sinks to mud district (4-3), by mud districtThe mud discharging valve (4-11) of bottom emits, and baffling aeration biological filter chamber water after treatment is by overflowingMill weir (4-10) enters oxidation pond (5);
7. waste water enters oxidation pond (5) by water inlet (5-1), is stirred by photosynthesis and the wind-force of algaeDissolved oxygen is provided, and aerobic microbiological is degraded to organic matter, reaches through multi-stage oxidizing pool water after treatmentRecycle-water standard, is back to garlic processing enterprise;
8. ozone oxidation sedimentation basin (2), material filling type anoxic anaerobic reation pool (3), baffling aeration biological filterOutward transport after the excess sludge dehydration that pond (4) produces.
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JP2004008920A (en) * 2002-06-06 2004-01-15 Japan Steel Works Ltd:The Method for treating garlic residue waste
CN201240949Y (en) * 2008-05-12 2009-05-20 陈华 Garlic deep-processing waste water cyclic utilization equipment
CN201240864Y (en) * 2008-05-12 2009-05-20 陈华 Desalter for waste water from garlic deep processing
CN201626907U (en) * 2010-02-09 2010-11-10 冯学岭 Device for treating garlic wastewater
CN201825826U (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-05-11 安徽省环境科学研究院 Garlic processing wastewater treatment device
CN203095808U (en) * 2013-02-27 2013-07-31 青岛理工大学 Advanced treatment system for garlic processing wastewater
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