CN104743702B - One way of life sewage disposal adjusting means - Google Patents

One way of life sewage disposal adjusting means Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104743702B
CN104743702B CN201510146900.1A CN201510146900A CN104743702B CN 104743702 B CN104743702 B CN 104743702B CN 201510146900 A CN201510146900 A CN 201510146900A CN 104743702 B CN104743702 B CN 104743702B
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chamber
adjusting
sewage
pipeline
regulating reservoir
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CN104743702A (en
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曹泽琦
李亮
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East Suzhou Benevolence Intelligence Science And Technology Ltd
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East Suzhou Benevolence Intelligence Science And Technology Ltd
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Abstract

The sewage collecting pipeline in one way of life sewage disposal adjusting means, buck and Heisui River connects with adjusting means, and adjusting means is connected with electrolysis unit by pipeline;Adjusting means includes the regulating reservoir of chamfer trapezium structure, and it is cut off the chamber one for bottom connection and chamber two by riser;Side, chamber one top and sewage collecting pipeline communication;Chamber two is provided with and all has the swash plate in gap with chamber about two internal face;It is connected with chamber two-way piping bottom regulating reservoir and has macerator pump;Be provided with the collecting head with filter bores in the side of chamber two, collecting head connects with the water collector being positioned at outside regulating reservoir, and water collector provides the sewage after filtering by pipeline and delivery pump to electrolysis unit.This simple in construction, only realizes particle tinyization of sanitary sewage, and the relative stabilisation of the index such as PH, salt content by physical mechanical effect.Ensure that and be supplied in the sewage that electrolysis processes without bulky grain solid dirt, do not result in the impact to electrolysis unit.

Description

One way of life sewage disposal adjusting means
Technical field
The present invention relates to domestic sewage processing system, this domestic sewage processing system is adapted to the ship of operation on ocean The process of the sanitary sewage that the island in oceangoing ship, drilling platforms, ocean etc. produce.Refer in particular in marine domestic sewage processing system Adjusting means.
Background technology
Along with the mankind are to preserving the ecological environment, control the pay attention to day by day polluted, with oceangoing voyage, offshore oil exploration, section That grinds is day by day flourishing.The process of marine domestic sewage, it appears the most important.And traditional biochemistry/materializing strategy pattern, exist again Many drawbacks.Biochemical treatment process typically uses bacterium to decompose organic matter in sanitary sewage, then adds hypochlorous acid Carry out disinfection sterilization in bactericide.The flow process that biochemical process typically uses is sewage inlet, one-level aeration, two-stage biological contact oxidation, sinks Form sediment, sterilize, discharge.Its advantage is that operating charges is low, disposable less investment.It has the drawback that device volume is big, processes sewage Kind is single, does not has bacterium cannot process sewage, needs professional to carry out Bacteria Culture.Device for a long time need not or maintenance time Can cause bacterial death for a long time, the rebooting device time is very long again.Physico-chemical process is by disappearing addition disinfectant in sewage Sterilization, then carries out separation of solid and liquid to sewage and processes.The method shortcoming is to store a large amount of disinfectant, and disinfectant The agent time is long, and drug effect can lose efficacy.
Typically using electrolysis at present, electrolysis has the advantage of oxidation mechanism and Bactericidal Mechanism.Its oxidation mechanism, including In electrolytic process, some metal oxide is oxidized to high-valence state in electrochemical process, and then these high-valence state materials go Oxidation of organic compounds.Now high-valence state organic matter is reduced into the material of original cost state, so goes round and begins again and reaches oxidation removal pollution The purpose of thing.In electrolytic process, also produce and there is the chlorate of strong oxidizing property, hypochlorite, H2O2With strong oxidizers such as O3 Deoxidation decomposing organic matter.Utilize short-life, the intermediate of strong oxidizing property that electrochemical reaction produces, including e-(solvation Electronics), OH-、HO2 -、O2 -Deng free radical, they can be with oxidative degradation pollutant.
Its sterilization mechanism, in the presence of being included in chlorion, electrolysis can obtain sodium hypochlorite and CLODeng strong oxidizer. Whole disinfecting process is played main effect by sodium hypochlorite.For lived bacterium and virus, secondary chlorine Acid, through cell membrane, aoxidizes its enzyme system (enzyme is biocatalyst) so that it is lose activity, make the life of bacterium by obstacle Dead.The hydroxyl radical free radical produced in electrolytic process, oxygen, hydrogen peroxide etc., also sterilization there is is good effect.Electric field has Having the effect of sterilization, microorganism drastically grows because of electric field action, and result causes its propagating system defect occur, and fertility drops Low.The penetration of electric-field enhancing hydrone, makes hydrone easily through the cell membrane of microorganism, microorganism or thirsty because of lack of water Or because excessive water entrance is internal and swollen extremely.
The at present sanitary sewage disposal on land is the most all to use directly to be electrolysed sewage, then flocculation sediment, Filter.A kind of method disclosing processing oil field sewage by electrolysing in Chinese patent 200410026589.9.In that patent, logical Oilfield sewage is electrolysed by the serial or parallel connection crossing battery lead plate, is sterilized.Series, parallel or combination is used between its battery lead plate Mode, whether connection in series-parallel, each battery lead plate is both needed to be attached conductive communication by wire.The side of this processing oil field sewage by electrolysing Formula is relatively good, but there is also some problems, is both needed to wire and connects between each electrolytic pole board, it addition, after processing time length, Material after accumulation electrolysis can be adsorbed on electrolytic pole board, cause the electrolysis ability of electrolytic pole board to be passivated, reduce electrolytic efficiency;Meanwhile, Owing to anodic-cathodic polar plate spacing is from little, the situation of blocking between cathode-anode plate can be caused to occur.It addition, the processing mode of this patent For treatment by stages mode, it is impossible to carry out online directly process.
Disclosing a kind of electricity flocculation sewage disposal system in Chinese patent 201220676384.5, this system is by dirt Water carries out electrolysis process and forms small granular suspended matters, is precipitated by clarifyling centrifuge the most again, then through filtration treatment.This patent In electrolytic flocculation device be the most also that sewage is carried out electrolysis process, its exist problem identical with the problem of above-mentioned patent, because of For electrolytic process, electrolytic pole board can adsorb the substantial amounts of electrolysate of accumulation, cover electrolytic pole board, reduce electrolytic efficiency, sternly During weight, electrolytic pole board part is even caused to block.It addition, above-mentioned two patents all there is also another problem, when electrolysis processes sewage, Electrolytic pole board can be caused damage when flowing through between electrolytic pole board by the large granular impurity contained in sewage.
Along with the large-scale popularization of electrolysis unit uses, electrolysis unit built-in problem revealing the most slowly.Pass The plate armature of system, water stream channel is narrow, easily blocks.Need timing to be rinsed after often running a period of time, and effect is relatively Difference.After it is frequently necessary to dismantle electrolysis unit, manual strong flushing.Electrode surface is easily passivated, and causes electrical loss to increase, electrolysis effect Rate is low, and the pole plate life-span is short.
In order to improve the electrolytic efficiency of sanitary sewage, best bet is available to contained by the sanitary sewage of electrolysis unit Grain graininess tiny, good fluidity, be difficult in electrolysis unit precipitation.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide the adjusting means of a kind of marine domestic sewage processing system, logical Crossing the regulation of this adjusting means, make that the grain graininess in the sanitary sewage collected becomes is the least.It is adjusted what device processed Sanitary sewage, its index such as pH value, salt content is in relatively uniform stable state, in the electrolysis of its subordinate after mixing regulation When device processes, it is not susceptible to deposition, improves electrolytic efficiency and the service life of electrolysis unit.
The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem, it is provided that technical scheme be one way of life sewage disposal adjusting means, Buck connects with described adjusting means with the sewage collecting pipeline in Heisui River, and described adjusting means is by pipeline with electrolysis unit even Logical;It is characterized in that described adjusting means includes that regulating reservoir, described regulating reservoir are chamfer trapezium structure, its by riser by every Break the chamber one and chamber two connected for bottom;Side, described chamber one top and described sewage collecting pipeline communication;Described chamber Room two is provided with and all has the swash plate in gap with described chamber about two internal face;One macerator pump water inlet end passes through pipeline with described The bottom connection of regulating reservoir, its water side is connected with the top of described chamber two by pipeline;Set in the side of described chamber two Be equipped with the collecting head of several hollow tubular, described collecting head be provided with some filter bores, described collecting head respectively be positioned at institute Stating the water collector connection outside regulating reservoir, described water collector passes through pipeline and delivery pump after described electrolysis unit provides filtration Sewage.
The air-floating apparatus that can produce aeration it is provided with in described chamber one.
It is provided with greasy dirt floss hole at the high liquid level (HLL) of described chamber one.
It is inclined-plane that described chamber two is positioned at the one side of top bottom described regulating reservoir, and the parallel described inclined-plane of described swash plate sets Put in described chamber two.
Described collecting head is arranged on the described inclined-plane of described swash plate obliquely downward.
The adjusting means of the marine domestic sewage processing system of the present invention, its simple in construction, only by physical mechanical effect Realize particle tinyization of sanitary sewage, and the relative stabilisation of the index such as PH, salt content.Ensure that and be supplied to next stage electrolysis The sewage processed does not contains bulky grain solid dirt, does not results in the impact to electrolysis unit and reduce electrolysis unit Sediment deposition, it is ensured that sewage is smooth and easy in electrolysis unit to be flow through.Meanwhile, remove the greasy dirt in sewage, improve electrolysis unit Electrolytic efficiency and service life.The collecting head of the regulating reservoir of the present invention is with filter bores, and it has backwashing function.Work as use After a period of time, the filter bores of collecting head may be blocked by bulky grain, can separately backwash collecting head as required Rinse out the bulky grain of blocking.When backwashing other collecting heads, the collecting head not being backwashed can work on, and does not affect system System uses.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1, the adjusting means structural representation of marine domestic sewage processing system.
Detailed description of the invention
For technical scheme, it is specifically described in conjunction with diagram.Referring to Fig. 1, the life afloat of the present invention The adjusting means of sewage disposal system mainly includes regulating reservoir 1, wherein.
Regulating reservoir 1, it is that upper part volume is big, the receiving pond of the chamfer trapezium structure that lower part volume is little.In this reality Executing in example, it is prism that of its upper part and lower part is connected side.It is vertical to be provided with from top to bottom in regulating reservoir 1 Regulating reservoir 1 is cut off and is divided into chamber 1 and chamber 23 by riser.The lower end of riser is positioned at top bottom regulating reservoir, does not touches the end Portion, therefore, chamber one connects bottom regulating reservoir with chamber two.Chamber 1 interior side top is provided with sewage inlet 21, sewage inlet 21 and collection buck and the sewage collecting pipeline communication in Heisui River, in the chamber one of regulating reservoir, input sewage. Opposite side top in chamber one is provided with greasy dirt floss hole 22, and the greasy dirt swum on chamber one liquid level can be arranged by greasy dirt Put mouth to be emitted into outside regulating reservoir and carry out greasy dirt recycling.In chamber one, bottom is provided with air supporting 23, and air supporting 23 can produce greatly Measure the most small bubble, adhere to the oily matter of hydrophobic group in sewage, under the effect of buoyancy, rise to liquid level.Make liquid In greasy dirt will not enter bottom regulating reservoir and in chamber two.Air supporting carries out the tune of air supporting aeration rate by air supporting adjusting means 24 Joint.The floating greasy dirt converged on liquid level is then emitted by greasy dirt floss hole, avoids a large amount of greasy dirts in sewage and enters Next stage electrolysis processes step.Being provided with a swash plate 31 in chamber 23, swash plate 31 is fixed on the both sides sidewall of chamber two. Regulating reservoir top is not touched in swash plate 31 upper end, and lower end is not touched bottom regulating reservoir, the liquid in chamber 2 can flow through swash plate upper end and Lower end.Swash plate 31 lower end is positioned at top bottom regulating reservoir.After in sewage in chamber two, bulky grain touches swash plate, can be along tiltedly The downward landing of plate is to bottom regulating reservoir.Regulating reservoir bottom outer is provided with macerator pump 4, and the inlet end of macerator pump 4 is by pipe Road connects with bottom regulating reservoir;The water outlet end of macerator pump 4 is connected with the top of the chamber two of regulating reservoir by pipeline.With pulverizing The pipeline of the water outlet end connection of pump extends to above swash plate 31 in chamber two.The sediment sunk to the bottom bottom regulating reservoir and dirt In water, bulky grain is entered in macerator pump by pipeline and pulverizes, and after pulverizing, sewage is again in back of pipeline flow to chamber two.The dirt of backflow Bulky grain in water downwards precipitate touching to swash plate time, then along swash plate landing to regulating reservoir bottom again pulverize backflow; Little particle in sewage then passes through to turn over above and below swash plate to flow through swash plate.At the obliquely downward of swash plate, inclining of chamber two side On inclined-plane, it is provided with several collecting head 32.Collecting head 32 is hollow tubular structure, offers several and filter on hollow tube wall Hole.Be provided with water collector 5 in the outside of regulating reservoir, collecting head 32 is each passed through regulating reservoir sidewall and is connected with water collector 5.Regulating reservoir In sewage enter in water collector after the filter bores of collecting head filters.Water collector 5 is by pipeline and electrolysis unit (not shown) Connection.The pipeline that water collector connects with electrolysis unit is provided with delivery pump 6, provides power by delivery pump, by water collector The sewage transport collected is electrolysed to electrolysis unit.In chamber two, the little particle after pulverizing is blended in sewage, warp Cross the filter bores on collecting head to enter in water collector, and be delivered in electrolysis unit electrolysis by delivery pump;Bulky grain is due to collection The existence of the filter bores on head, then be stopped in regulating reservoir, waits that crushed pump again is pulverized.So, through chamber Oily waste degradation in one and the macerator pump pulverizing to bulky grain dirt, and in chamber two, swash plate helps bulky grain to be precipitated to regulation At the bottom of Chi Chi, stop bulky grain to be gathered in the effect of the head end that catchments, the filtration of collecting head in addition, make in entrance electrolysis unit Sewage in grain graininess diminish, it is ensured that sewage smooth outflow in electrolysis unit, it is to avoid bulky grain is to electrolysis unit The impact caused and easy blocking characteristic, reduce the deposition of electrolysis unit, improve the use of electrolytic efficiency and electrolysis unit Life-span.The floating ball type liquid-level meter of detection two position it is additionally provided with in regulating reservoir.Collecting head has backwashing function.Work as use After a period of time, bulky grain likely blocks the filter bores on collecting head.Owing to collecting head and water collector are for being respectively communicated with.Cause This, after running a period of time, according to PLC program control, backwash collecting head one by one.When rinsing one group of collecting head Time, then this group collecting head does not works, and the most several groups of collecting heads proceed operation of catchmenting.By carrying out reverse entering to water collector Air-blowing takes off, and makes the bulky grain being blocked on collecting head be rinsed and is separated from collecting head, it is ensured that catchmenting of collecting head is unimpeded.In order to do To this point, in the present invention, the program control water collector of employing, it can control to carry out collecting head the most instead according to PLC program Rinse, prevent blocking.

Claims (5)

1. the sewage collecting pipeline in one way of life sewage disposal adjusting means, buck and Heisui River connects with described adjusting means, Described adjusting means is connected with electrolysis unit by pipeline;It is characterized in that described adjusting means includes regulating reservoir, described regulation Pond is chamfer trapezium structure, and it is cut off the chamber one for bottom connection and chamber two by riser;Described chamber one top Side and described sewage collecting pipeline communication;Described chamber two is provided with and all has gap with described chamber about two internal face Swash plate;One macerator pump water inlet end is connected with the bottom of described regulating reservoir by pipeline, and its water side is by pipeline and described chamber The top connection of two;It is provided with the collecting head of several hollow tubular in the side of described chamber two, described collecting head is provided with Some filter bores, described collecting head connects with the water collector being positioned at outside described regulating reservoir respectively, and described water collector passes through pipeline And delivery pump provides the sewage after filtering to described electrolysis unit.
Sanitary sewage disposal adjusting means the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that arrange in described chamber one There is the air-floating apparatus that can produce aeration.
Sanitary sewage disposal adjusting means the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the highest at described chamber one Greasy dirt floss hole it is provided with at liquid level.
Sanitary sewage disposal adjusting means the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described chamber two is positioned at described Bottom regulating reservoir, the one side of top is inclined-plane, and the parallel described inclined-plane of described swash plate is arranged in described chamber two.
Sanitary sewage disposal adjusting means the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described collecting head is arranged on institute State on the described inclined-plane of swash plate obliquely downward.
CN201510146900.1A 2015-03-31 2015-03-31 One way of life sewage disposal adjusting means Active CN104743702B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105198171B (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-05-03 山东航凯船舶科技有限公司 Horizontal semi-automatic domestic sewage treatment apparatus for boats
CN105198173B (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-05-17 山东航凯船舶科技有限公司 Horizontal full-automatic type domestic sewage treatment device for ships
JP2018057997A (en) * 2016-10-03 2018-04-12 日本プライスマネジメント株式会社 Crusher with agitation function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004322074A (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-11-18 Raisen:Kk Dehydrator
CN1562781A (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-01-12 华南理工大学 Electrolytic method for treating sewage in oil field
CN201770560U (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-03-23 宁波四通金属制品有限公司 Ship sewage treatment device
CN202379836U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-08-15 青岛双瑞海洋环境工程股份有限公司 Composite type sanitary sewage treatment system for ships
CN204569575U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-19 苏州东大仁智能科技有限公司 One way of life sewage disposal setting device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004322074A (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-11-18 Raisen:Kk Dehydrator
CN1562781A (en) * 2004-03-25 2005-01-12 华南理工大学 Electrolytic method for treating sewage in oil field
CN201770560U (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-03-23 宁波四通金属制品有限公司 Ship sewage treatment device
CN202379836U (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-08-15 青岛双瑞海洋环境工程股份有限公司 Composite type sanitary sewage treatment system for ships
CN204569575U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-19 苏州东大仁智能科技有限公司 One way of life sewage disposal setting device

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Denomination of invention: A regulating device for domestic sewage treatment

Effective date of registration: 20210527

Granted publication date: 20160817

Pledgee: Suzhou Gusu sub branch of Bank of Communications Co.,Ltd.

Pledgor: SUZHOU DONGDAREN SMART TECH. Co.,Ltd.

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