CN104738797A - Medicinal material or food material washing and selecting device - Google Patents

Medicinal material or food material washing and selecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104738797A
CN104738797A CN201310738158.4A CN201310738158A CN104738797A CN 104738797 A CN104738797 A CN 104738797A CN 201310738158 A CN201310738158 A CN 201310738158A CN 104738797 A CN104738797 A CN 104738797A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
washing
cylindric washer
separation tube
medicinal material
crosscut
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310738158.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙鸿
尹茂财
李泽
李德刚
张晓莉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SICHUAN JIANGYOU ZHONGBA ACONITE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SICHUAN JIANGYOU ZHONGBA ACONITE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by SICHUAN JIANGYOU ZHONGBA ACONITE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical SICHUAN JIANGYOU ZHONGBA ACONITE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310738158.4A priority Critical patent/CN104738797A/en
Publication of CN104738797A publication Critical patent/CN104738797A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a medicinal material or food material washing and selecting device which is characterized by comprising a frame, a feeding hopper, a washing tube and a selection tube. The feeding hopper is fixedly connected onto the frame and communicated with the washing tube, the washing tube is fixedly connected with the selection tube, a worm gear is arranged on the washing tube, the selection tube is a strip grid roller, a plurality of grids with different specifications are arranged on the grid roller, material baskets are arranged at the positions opposite to the strip grids of different specifications, and a guide wheel is arranged in the selection tube. A spraying pipe is arranged on the upper portions of the washing tube and the selection tube and penetrates the washing tube and the selection tube integrally.

Description

The washing appliance of a kind of medicinal material or food materials
Technical field
The present invention relates to the process equipment of medicinal material or food materials, specifically, the present invention relates to the washing appliance of a kind of medicinal material or food materials.
Background technology
Along with people are to the modern development of Chinese medicine, new requirement is proposed to the industrialization management of Chinese medicine, traditional method of being classified by hand washing can not meet the needs produced Chinese medicine, exploitation one can be produced in industrialization, and for washing, the method for sorting Chinese medicinal material is called that practitioner needs the technical problem of solution badly.
Monkshood derives from the sub-root of the ranunculaceae plant rhizome of Chinese monkshood (Aconitum Carmichaeli Debx.), and having the effect of " recuperating depleted yang mends fire supporing yang, by wind-cold damp pathogen ", is most characteristic clinical treatment deficiency of yang interior cold syndrome shape choice drug.Monkshood belongs to toxicity medicinal material, and wherein contained principle active component is the diester-type aconite alkaloid of severe toxicity, as aconitine, Hypaconitine and mesaconine etc.Monkshood is in Preparation process process; utilize the thermal instability of diester-type aconite alkaloid to make it be hydrolyzed and remove an ester group, change into monoester type aconite alkaloid, or continue hydrolysis and remove two acyl groups and be converted into aconine; making the toxicity of monkshood greatly reduce, ensure that drug safety.Monkshood through boiling can reduce monkshood toxicity, and color and luster is good, outward appearance is beautiful to impel end product sheet to open.
Traditional washing method for separating generally adopts and manually carries out, and this method can not be produced in industrialization, and production efficiency is very low, and sorting has very large subjectivity.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention solves: provide a kind of medicinal material washing and screening plant, it mass industrialization can wash sorting medicinal material, improves the efficiency of washing sorting, obtains raw medicinal herbs better quality.
Specifically, the present invention solves described technical problem by following technical solution.
The washing appliance of a kind of medicinal material or food materials, comprise frame, feed hopper, cylindric washer and separation tube, described feed hopper is fixedly attached in frame, communicate with cylindric washer, cylindric washer and separation tube, by being fixedly connected with, cylindric washer are provided with worm gear, separation tube is bar palisade cylinder, bar grid cylinder has the grid of multiple different size, the position relative with the bar shaped grid of each different size is placed with material basket, has guide wheel in the outer setting of separation tube; Shower is arranged at the top of cylindric washer and separation tube, overall through cylindric washer and separation tube.
Wherein, described cylindric washer is fixedly connected with by spoke with separation tube.
Wherein, described worm gear, guide wheel are bolted to connection on washing cylinder.
Wherein, the outer setting of described cylindric washer has worm gear, guide wheel.
Wherein, on described cylindric washer and separation tube, worm gear, guide wheel are placed on corresponding frame support roller.
Wherein, described shower is provided with valve.
Wherein, described shower is fixedly connected on frame, and the front portion of shower is fixedly installed in feed hopper and frame front end side wall, the overall top through cylindric washer separation tube.
Wherein, according to the size of the size determination bar shaped grid in the crosscut footpath of washed medicinal material or food materials.
Wherein, described bar grid have the bar shaped grid of 4 different sizes, the medicinal material of washing or food materials are divided into five grades.
Wherein, the medicinal material of described five grades or the crosscut footpath of food materials are respectively at more than 50mm, crosscut footpath between 45mm-50mm, crosscut footpath between 35mm-45mm, crosscut footpath between 25mm-35mm and crosscut footpath at below 25mm.
Wherein, stock guide is arranged on cylindric washer inwall and becomes 50 degree of angles with inwall, derives material during for washing.
Wherein, described medicinal material is monkshood or the rhizome of Chinese monkshood, and described food materials are potato, jerusalem artichoke, lotus root, ginger, the one in water chestnut, arrowhead, taro, lettuce, tender flower stalk, wild rice stem, asparagus, bamboo shoots, hot pickled mustard tube, kohlrabi radish, carrot, burdock or yam bean.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
1. medicinal material washing and screening plant washing clay content of the present invention monkshood and tubers material within 10%.
2. washing appliance of the present invention meets GMP conditional request, can tolerate the corrosion of saline solution body, can be widely used in the washing classification of various food materials or medicinal material.
It is higher that washing appliance of the present invention is particularly suitable for any clay content, become nearly circle food materials or the nearly circle medicinal material of medicinal material washing work, particularly subterranean stem class, the present invention can realize washing and sorting by an equipment, improve operating efficiency, be conducive to suitability for industrialized production.Due to food materials or the medicinal material of present device washing, its cleannes to material require higher, on cylindric washer, be therefore provided with the shower through separation tube, be conducive to abundant washing, to ensure the cleanliness factor of final material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The front view of Fig. 1 washing appliance of the present invention, wherein conveniently, by its vertical typesetting, in figure, dash area is that entity Steel material forms, and does not have hole;
Fig. 2 washing appliance radial section of the present invention figure;
Fig. 3 washing facility top view of the present invention;
Wherein, 1-feed hopper, 2-cylindric washer, 3-separation tube, 4-frame, 5-worm gear, 6-material basket (6-1: off standard material basket; 6-2: third grade product material basket; 6-3: goods of inferior quality material basket; 6-4: Grade A material basket; 6-5: imperial material basket) 7-guide wheel, 8-shower, 9-conducting power system; 10-stock guide, 11-castor.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention provides the washing appliance of a kind of medicinal material or food materials, comprise feed hopper (1), cylindric washer (2) and separation tube (3), described feed hopper (1) is fixedly attached in frame (4), communicate with cylindric washer (2), cylindric washer (2) is fixedly connected with by spoke with separation tube (3), cylindric washer (2) is provided with worm gear (5), separation tube (3) is bar palisade cylinder, which is provided with guide wheel, bar grid cylinder has the grid of multiple different size, the position relative with the grid of each different size is placed with material basket (6), guide wheel (7) is had in the outer setting of separation tube, shower (8) is arranged at the top of cylindric washer (2) and separation tube (3), overall through cylindric washer and separation tube, is provided with support roller (not shown), stock guide (10) in frame (4).
In whole washing process, shower makes material pass through the cylindric washer washes clean of rotating by water spray, and carries out rinsing at separation tube simultaneously.Because separation tube is bar palisade cylinder, when material is after the separation tube of over-rotation, according to the size in crosscut footpath, classification successively from small to large, material drops on cylindric washer bottom material by grid derives on plate, enter in the material basket with hole afterwards, water wherein flows into water treatment system by the hole of material basket.The conducting power system (9) of whole equipment is set on frame (4).
Guide wheel (7) and worm gear (5) is outside equipped with at separation tube, it drives washing cylinder to rotate, separation tube has different grids, material is made to carry out classification by rotating, enter corresponding body feed tank, in a kind of concrete embodiment, described cylindric washer is fixedly connected with by spoke with separation tube, described spoke is six-edged steel, generally by being welded.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, described worm gear is bolted to connection on cylindric washer.Described speed changer bolt is fixedly connected on worm gear bottom, machine front end, and worm and wheel occlusion drives cylindric washer to rotate, and forms conducting power with V belt wheel system, completes material washing.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, described shower is provided with valve.The tail end of described shower is fixedly connected on frame aft, and the front portion of shower is fixedly installed in feed hopper and frame front end side wall, the overall top through cylindric washer separation tube.Shower tail end utilizes support to be fixed on frame aft, and front end utilizes support installing in feed hopper and frame front end side wall, and overall through cylindric washer separation tube, water valve installed by water inlet pipe, controls water spray size.Like this while saving water, ensure that material washes clean.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, according to the size of the size determination bar shaped grid in the crosscut footpath of washed medicinal material or food materials.Due to varying in size of various material, as potato require grid size with
50mm is off standard, and monkshood take 25mm as off standard, and the rhizome of Chinese monkshood take 50mm as off standard.The separation tube of different grid size can be selected according to the material difference of washing.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, described bar grid have the bar shaped grid of 4 different sizes, the medicinal material of washing or food materials are divided into five grades.The product of deriving from separation tube afterbody is imperial.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, the medicinal material of described four grades or the crosscut footpath of food materials are respectively at more than 50mm, crosscut footpath between 45mm-50mm, crosscut footpath between 35mm-45mm, crosscut footpath between 25mm-35mm and crosscut footpath at below 25mm.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, stock guide is arranged at cylindric washer, on separation tube inwall, above becomes 50 degree of angles with inwall, derives material during for washing sorting.
In a kind of concrete embodiment, described medicinal material is monkshood or the rhizome of Chinese monkshood, described food materials are potato, jerusalem artichoke, lotus root, ginger, the one in water chestnut, arrowhead, taro, lettuce, tender flower stalk, wild rice stem, asparagus, bamboo shoots, hot pickled mustard tube, kohlrabi radish, carrot, burdock or yam bean.
It is higher that washing appliance of the present invention is particularly suitable for any clay content, become nearly circle food materials or the nearly circle medicinal material of medicinal material washing work, particularly subterranean stem class, the present invention can realize washing and sorting by an equipment, improve operating efficiency, be conducive to suitability for industrialized production.Due to food materials or the medicinal material of present device washing, its cleannes to material require higher, therefore in cylindric washer, are provided with the shower elongated with letter, are conducive to abundant washing, to ensure the cleanliness factor of final material.
Present device complete machine selects 304 stainless steels to meet GMP conditional request, can tolerate the corrosion of saline solution body.Mainly be applicable to monkshood Lou and subcircular material washing classification.Electrical apparatus control system adopts double-direction control latching circuit, power motor level Four 4Kw.Transmission system joins process must ensure that worm gear/worm screw occlusion is complete, rotates flexibly.Belt tension appropriateness, transmission not stall.Design selects section bar to be standard sections, forbids to use nonstandard material.Washing cylinder, connects with six-edged steel, and assembly welding precision must ensure alignment.Guide wheel, worm gear is respectively fixed on washing cylinder with 8 M12X25 stainless steel bolts, must ensure the alignment with support roller.Wet washer is operated in multiplex water environment.Electrical apparatus insulation must be ensured.Worm screw oil box makes by coordination; Entire infrastructure materials material 304 stainless steel; All securing member material 304 stainless steels.
The environment for use of present device is as follows:
1. supply voltage 380V/220V, 50Hz, three-phase five-wire mode is powered.
2. service cable phase line 6mm2, N line, E line, 6mm2
3. earth leakage protective device 20A
4. power 4KW
5. washing ability 50 tons/time.Working method is continuous.
Present device is simple to operate, only needs can complete washing by following several step, greatly saved human cost in shop worker's operation:
Turning on the power switch → open equipment motor control switch selects rotating washing mode → throwing material material bin → equipment automatically to complete washing and stock grading → discharging enters basket and enters lower operation as required.→ shutdown is cleared out a gathering place.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-3, washing appliance of the present invention is described, and the process of washing monkshood.
The present embodiment monkshood washing appliance comprises feed hopper (1), cylindric washer (2) and separation tube (3), described feed hopper (1) is fixedly attached in frame (4), communicate with cylindric washer (2), frame (4) is fixed on the ground by castor (11), cylindric washer (2) and separation tube (3) are welded by six-edged steel, cylindric washer (2) is fixedly installed worm gear (5), separation tube (3) is bar palisade cylinder, be fixed with guide wheel (7), bar grid cylinder having the bar shaped grid of 4 different sizes, is five grades by the monkshood of washing.The product of deriving from separation tube afterbody is imperial, the medicinal material of five grades or the crosscut footpath of food materials are respectively at more than 50mm, crosscut footpath is between 45mm-50mm, crosscut footpath between 35mm-45mm, crosscut footpath between 25mm-35mm and crosscut footpath at below 25mm, be respectively imperial, Grade A, goods of inferior quality, third grade product and off standard.The position relative with above-mentioned grid is placed with five material baskets, be respectively imperial material basket (6-5), Grade A material basket (6-4), goods of inferior quality material basket (6-3), third grade product material basket (6-2) and off standard material basket (6-1), be provided with guide wheel (7) in the inside of separation tube; Shower (8) is arranged at the top of cylindric washer (2) and separation tube (3), overall through cylindric washer and separation tube.The material conducting power system (9) of whole equipment is set on frame (4).
The dynamical system of this embodiment washing appliance is that driving wheel D140 two-groove belt pulley, rotating speed is 1400 revs/min, driven pulley 1/D150 two-groove belt pulley, rotating speed 1340 revs/min by configuration power 4Kw.The rotating speed of Xian Di cylinder is 25 revs/min.
The process of washing monkshood is as follows:
Turn on the power switch, starting device rotates forward, cylindric washer rotates, open shower water gate valve, cylindric washer will be joined by feed hopper containing mud monkshood, in washing, monkshood is entered into cylindric washer divided selections by stock guide (10), monkshood is rotated through stock guide and travels forward in separation tube, pass through 25mm successively, 35mm, 45mm, 50mm grid, complete sorting, by the foreign object charging basket (6-1) such as being placed with under the grid of dimension successively, third-class material basket (6-2), the monkshood that second-class material basket (6-3) and first-class material basket (6-4) crosscut footpath are greater than 50mm is directly discharged by the afterbody of separation tube and is entered material basket (6-5).After treating that material basket has been expired, detect the cleanliness factor of monkshood.In washing process, can by range estimation cylindric washer in situation with determine whether strengthen hydraulic pressure spray, or starting device reversion, allow monkshood detergent degree reach requirement, restart equipment afterwards and rotate forward, carry out sorting discharging, this equipment meets material and produces GMP requirement, and sorting is proper.
Embodiment 2
The following describes the process of the washing rhizome of Chinese monkshood.
Except separation tube grid size is respectively at more than 100mm, crosscut footpath between 85-100 mm, crosscut footpath between 70-85mm, crosscut footpath between 50-70mm and crosscut footpath at below 50mm, be respectively imperial, Grade A, goods of inferior quality, third grade product and off standard.
The miscellaneous part of equipment is identical with the equipment of embodiment 1.
Washing process is identical with the washing process of embodiment monkshood.Finally obtain each grade rhizome of Chinese monkshood and meet production of crude drugs GMP requirement, sorting is proper.
Embodiment 3
The following describes the process of washing potato.
Except separation tube grid size is respectively at more than 150mm, crosscut footpath is between 110mm-150mm, crosscut footpath between 80mm-110mm, crosscut footpath between 50mm-80mm and crosscut footpath at below 50mm, be respectively imperial, Grade A, goods of inferior quality, third grade product and off standard.
The miscellaneous part of equipment is identical with the equipment of embodiment 1.
Washing process is identical with the washing process of embodiment monkshood.Finally obtain each grade potato cleanliness factor good, meet food production GMP requirement, sorting is proper.

Claims (10)

1. the washing appliance of a medicinal material or food materials, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, feed hopper, cylindric washer and separation tube, described feed hopper is fixedly attached in frame, communicates with cylindric washer, cylindric washer is fixedly connected with separation tube, cylindric washer is provided with worm gear, and separation tube is bar palisade cylinder, bar grid cylinder has the grid of multiple different size, the position relative with the bar shaped grid of each different size is placed with material basket, has guide wheel in the outer setting of separation tube; Shower is arranged at the top of cylindric washer and separation tube, overall through cylindric washer and separation tube.
2. washing appliance as claimed in claim 1, wherein said cylindric washer is fixedly connected with by spoke with separation tube.
3. washing appliance as claimed in claim 1 or 2, described worm gear is bolted to connection on washing cylinder.
4. the washing appliance as described in any one of claim 1-3, wherein said shower is provided with valve.
5. the washing appliance as described in any one of claim 1-4, the tail end of wherein said shower is fixedly connected on frame aft, and the front portion of shower is fixedly installed in feed hopper and frame front end side wall, the overall top through cylindric washer separation tube.
6. the washing appliance as described in any one of claim 1-5, wherein according to the size of the size determination bar shaped grid in the crosscut footpath of washed medicinal material or food materials.
7. the washing appliance as described in any one of claim 1-6, wherein said bar grid have the bar shaped grid of 4 different sizes, the medicinal material of washing or food materials are divided into five grades.
8. washing appliance as claimed in claim 7, the medicinal material of wherein said five grades or the crosscut footpath of food materials are respectively at more than 50mm, crosscut footpath between 45mm-50mm, crosscut footpath between 35mm-45mm, crosscut footpath between 25mm-35mm and crosscut footpath at below 25mm.
9. the medicinal material washing appliance as described in any one of claim 1-8, stock guide is arranged on cylindric washer inwall and becomes 50 degree of angles with inwall, derives material during for washing.
10. the medicinal material washing appliance as described in claim 1-9, wherein said medicinal material is monkshood or the rhizome of Chinese monkshood, described food materials are potato, jerusalem artichoke, lotus root, ginger, the one in water chestnut, arrowhead, taro, lettuce, tender flower stalk, wild rice stem, asparagus, bamboo shoots, hot pickled mustard tube, kohlrabi radish, carrot, burdock or yam bean.
CN201310738158.4A 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Medicinal material or food material washing and selecting device Pending CN104738797A (en)

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CN201310738158.4A CN104738797A (en) 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Medicinal material or food material washing and selecting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310738158.4A CN104738797A (en) 2013-12-27 2013-12-27 Medicinal material or food material washing and selecting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104738797A true CN104738797A (en) 2015-07-01

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB378674A (en) * 1931-09-17 1932-08-18 Thomas Lovering May Improvements in or relating to washing and grading apparatus for root crops
DE3011517A1 (en) * 1980-03-25 1981-10-01 Werner 4006 Erkrath Rütten CONTINUOUSLY WORKING HIGH PRESSURE WASHING AND DRAINAGE SYSTEM
CN201789908U (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-04-13 吐鲁番市迈德果业有限责任公司 Nut cleaning and screening machine
CN202127788U (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-02-01 竹山县鑫源皂素有限责任公司 Turmeric cleaning machine
CN202566150U (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-12-05 上虞市晨光食品机械有限公司 White prawn grader
CN203709222U (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-07-16 四川江油中坝附子科技发展有限公司 Washing and selecting device of medicines or food materials

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB378674A (en) * 1931-09-17 1932-08-18 Thomas Lovering May Improvements in or relating to washing and grading apparatus for root crops
DE3011517A1 (en) * 1980-03-25 1981-10-01 Werner 4006 Erkrath Rütten CONTINUOUSLY WORKING HIGH PRESSURE WASHING AND DRAINAGE SYSTEM
CN201789908U (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-04-13 吐鲁番市迈德果业有限责任公司 Nut cleaning and screening machine
CN202127788U (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-02-01 竹山县鑫源皂素有限责任公司 Turmeric cleaning machine
CN202566150U (en) * 2012-05-22 2012-12-05 上虞市晨光食品机械有限公司 White prawn grader
CN203709222U (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-07-16 四川江油中坝附子科技发展有限公司 Washing and selecting device of medicines or food materials

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Application publication date: 20150701

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