CN104737956A - Sipunculus nudus workshop culture pond - Google Patents

Sipunculus nudus workshop culture pond Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104737956A
CN104737956A CN201510193494.4A CN201510193494A CN104737956A CN 104737956 A CN104737956 A CN 104737956A CN 201510193494 A CN201510193494 A CN 201510193494A CN 104737956 A CN104737956 A CN 104737956A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
sipunculus nudus
workshop
culturing pool
grains
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510193494.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王庆恒
黄荣莲
邓岳文
焦钰
杜晓东
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Guangdong Ocean University
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Guangdong Ocean University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Ocean University filed Critical Guangdong Ocean University
Priority to CN201510193494.4A priority Critical patent/CN104737956A/en
Publication of CN104737956A publication Critical patent/CN104737956A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention provides a sipunculus nudus workshop culture pond which comprises a pond body. The pond body is a pit comprising a pond wall and a pond bottom, an opening is formed in the upper portion of the pond body, the pond wall and the pond bottom are built with cement or bricks, a filter composite layer is arranged on the upper surface of the pond bottom, a clay brick layer, a filter plate, a bolting-silk net and a sand layer are sequentially arranged on the filter composite layer from bottom to top, clay bricks of the clay brick layer are arranged at intervals, gaps are reserved among the clay bricks, a water inlet pipe is arranged on one side of the pond wall, a filter bag sleeves a pipe orifice of the water inlet pipe, and a drain hole is formed in the pond bottom. Aquaculture water in the pond body can be conveniently and rapidly replaced, poisonous and harmful substances in the sand layer are timely discharged, a substrate environment of a sipunculus nudus cement culture pond is effectively improved, harmful organism breeding is decreased, and siphon-worm survival rate and growth speed are increased. Besides, the culture pond is convenient to build, mount and debug and simple in operation and running maintenance, and has a great application prospect.

Description

A kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, be specifically related to a kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool.
Background technology
Sipunculus nudus is commonly called as " sandworm ", is under the jurisdiction of Genus Golfingia.This kind of individuality is large, and meat is tender delicious, is one of important precious marine product in South China always, has very high economic worth.By the impact that the market price constantly raises up, catching intensity increasingly sharpens, and add that marine environment change and beach destroy, Sipunculus nudus resource obviously reduces.Therefore, in order to protect and sustainable use Sipunculus nudus resource, the pattern of traditional overfishing natural resources must be changed, the road walking to propagate artificially.In recent years, Sipunculus nudus artificial culture technology research and apply makes great progress.
Sipunculus nudus has the life habit that latent sand is lived in caves, and moves in silt, with organic debris and benthic algae for food.Sipunculus nudus cultural technique is mainly divided into native pool cultivated and cement pit cultivation two large types.And existing cement culturing pool is all taked directly to spread husky mode at the bottom of pond, which results in dirt to accumulate gradually in sand bed, the poisonous and harmful substances that anaerobic digestion is formed is difficult to get rid of, bottom environment worsens, its visualize be sand bed be easy to blackout smelly, siphon-worm survival rate and growth rate obviously decline.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the drawback and the defect that overcome the existence of above-mentioned prior art, a kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool is provided, by the facility structure of innovative design Sipunculus nudus cement culturing pool, effectively can improve the bottom environment of Sipunculus nudus cement culturing pool, improve siphon-worm survival rate and growth rate.
For achieving the above object, the present invention is achieved by following technical solution:
A kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool, comprise pond body, described pond body is by the pond, hole of the upper opening formed at the bottom of pool wall and pond, is built at the bottom of described pool wall and pond by cement or fragment of brick; Upper surface at the bottom of described pond is provided with filtration composite bed, and described filtration composite bed is followed successively by undercloak, filter plate, bolting silk net, grains of sand layer from the bottom to top; The clay brick of described undercloak is spaced, and leaves space; The side of described pool wall is provided with water inlet pipe, and the mouthpiece cover of described water inlet pipe has filter bag; Also discharge outlet is provided with at the bottom of described pond.
Preferably, described pond body is pond, cuboid hole, and the area at the bottom of described pond is 10 ~ 100 m 2.
Filter plate of the present invention can select the filter plate of corresponding water penetration according to actual conditions, preferably, described filter plate is concrete filter, has good filter effect, also has larger mechanical strength simultaneously, improves the stability and service life of filtering composite bed.
More preferably, described concrete filter be by weight ratio be the C15 concrete of 1:3:3, sand, gravel form.
Preferably, the specification of described bolting silk net is 80 ~ 100 orders, and the bolting silk net of suitable order number specification can make the rate of filtration and the filter effect optimization of Chi Shui.
Preferably, the thickness of described grains of sand layer is 5 ~ 20 cm, and in described grains of sand layer, the diameter of the grains of sand is not more than 2 mm.In grains of sand layer of the present invention, husky ratio is not less than 80%.
Preferably, the end of described filter bag is placed in grains of sand layer upper surface, effectively can slow down current, avoids impacting Shamian Island into during water.
Preferably, the mesh specification of described filter bag, for being not less than 80 orders, is mainly used in preliminary filtered water inlet, prevents fish, shrimp, the fertilized egg of crab or the young from entering Sipunculus nudus culturing pool, avoids harmful organisms to grow, affect the cultivation of Sipunculus nudus.
The present invention adopts clay brick to make somebody a mere figurehead concrete filter, collaborative concrete filter and the discharge outlet with excellent water permeability, when ensure that draining, current can evenly, pass rapidly through grains of sand layer, various poisonous and harmful substances in grains of sand layer are discharged with current, ensure that grains of sand layers is not perishable, dissolved oxygen is sufficient, thus provide good ecotope for the growth of Sipunculus nudus.In addition, after draining, the organic debris suspended in water body in former culturing pool and phytoplankton natural subsidence, in grains of sand layer upper surface, can be used as the natural bait of Sipunculus nudus.
In described undercloak, the quantity of clay brick can be determined with pond floor space size, as long as can support the filter plate be laid on above undercloak.
Described discharge outlet extends to drain ditch by drainpipe, and the water side of described drainpipe is connected with antipriming pipe, is controlled the draining of drainpipe by antipriming pipe.When needs draining, extract antipriming pipe; After draining completes, insert antipriming pipe and block the drain.Preferably, described drainpipe is connected with antipriming pipe by 90 ° of elbows.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
The invention provides a kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool, can aquaculture water in the body of convenient and swift replacing pond, discharge poisonous and harmful substance in time, effectively improve the bottom environment of Sipunculus nudus cement culturing pool, reduce harmful organisms to grow, improve siphon-worm survival rate and growth rate.Culturing pool construction installation and debugging of the present invention are convenient, simple to operate simultaneously, operation maintenance simple, have great application prospect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Sipunculus nudus workshop of the present invention culturing pool.
Wherein, 1 is pool wall; 2 is at the bottom of pond; 3 is undercloak; 4 is concrete filter; 5 is bolting silk net; 6 is grains of sand layer; 7 is water inlet pipe; 8 is filter bag; 9 is discharge outlet; 10 is drainpipe; 11 is antipriming pipe.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.Wherein, accompanying drawing only for exemplary illustration, expression be only schematic diagram, but not pictorial diagram, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent; In order to better embodiments of the invention are described, some parts of accompanying drawing have omission, zoom in or out, and do not represent the size of actual product; For a person skilled in the art, in accompanying drawing, some known features and explanation thereof may be omitted is understandable.
The corresponding same or analogous parts of same or analogous label in the accompanying drawing of the embodiment of the present invention, in describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, if have term " on ", D score, " left side ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " right side " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore the term of position relationship is described only for exemplary illustration in accompanying drawing, the restriction to this patent can not be interpreted as, for the ordinary skill in the art, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term can be understood as the case may be.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the invention provides a kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool, comprise pond body, described pond body is cheat pond by the cuboid of 2 upper openings formed at the bottom of pool wall 1 and pond, and at the bottom of pond, the specification of 2 is 6m × 8m, and at the bottom of described pool wall 1 and pond, 2 are built into by cement; At the bottom of described pond, the upper surface of 2 is provided with filtration composite bed, and described filtration composite bed is followed successively by undercloak 3, concrete filter 4,80 object bolting silk net 5, grains of sand layer 6 from the bottom to top; The specification of the clay brick in described undercloak 3 is 24cm × 12cm × 5cm, is spaced, and leaves the interval of 16 cm; The side of described pool wall 1 is provided with water inlet pipe 7, and the mouthpiece cover of described water inlet pipe 7 has 80 object filter bags 8, and the end of filter bag 8 is placed in grains of sand layer 6 upper surface; At the bottom of described pond, 2 are also provided with discharge outlet 9, discharge outlet 9 extends to drain ditch by drainpipe 10, and the water side of described drainpipe 10 is connected with antipriming pipe 11 by 90 ° of elbows, is controlled the draining of drainpipe 10 by antipriming pipe 11, when needs draining, extract antipriming pipe 11 and carry out draining; After draining completes, insert antipriming pipe 11 and block the drain 10.
The specification of described concrete filter 4 is 40cm × 40cm × 5cm, by weight ratio be the C15 concrete of 1:3:3, sand, gravel form, concrete filter 4 uses and adds up to 300 pieces; Described grains of sand layer 6 is mixed by the grains of sand of 85% and the mud of 15%, and thickness is 12 cm, and in grains of sand layer 6, the diameter of the grains of sand is 0.2 ~ 2 mm.
During use, the depth of water controlled in the culturing pool of Sipunculus nudus workshop is about 1 m, adopts former pond cultivation benthic diatom to combine artitificial food of throwing something and feeding and cultivates for siphon-worm, carry out changing water according to actual conditions such as culture-cycles, continuous use 10 months, substrate keeps good environment, without smelly deterioration.
Obviously, the above embodiment of the present invention is only for example of the present invention is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments.All any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool, comprises pond body, it is characterized in that, described pond body is by the pond, hole of the upper opening formed at the bottom of pool wall and pond, is built at the bottom of described pool wall and pond by cement or fragment of brick; Upper surface at the bottom of described pond is provided with filtration composite bed, and described filtration composite bed is followed successively by undercloak, filter plate, bolting silk net, grains of sand layer from the bottom to top; The clay brick of described undercloak is spaced, and leaves space; The side of described pool wall is provided with water inlet pipe, and the mouthpiece cover of described water inlet pipe has filter bag; Also discharge outlet is provided with at the bottom of described pond.
2. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described pond body is pond, cuboid hole, and the area at the bottom of described pond is 10 ~ 100 m 2.
3. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described filter plate is concrete filter.
4. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the specification of described bolting silk net is 80 ~ 100 orders.
5. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the thickness of described grains of sand layer is 5 ~ 20 cm.
6. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described grains of sand layer, the diameter of the grains of sand is not more than 2 mm.
7. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the end of described filter bag is placed in grains of sand layer upper surface.
8. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the mesh specification of described filter bag is for being not less than 80 orders.
9. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described discharge outlet extends to drain ditch by drainpipe, and the water side of described drainpipe is connected with antipriming pipe.
10. Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described drainpipe is connected with antipriming pipe by 90 ° of elbows.
CN201510193494.4A 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Sipunculus nudus workshop culture pond Pending CN104737956A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105831029A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-10 江先庆 Improved sipunculus nudus harvesting seeding machine
CN109006697A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-12-18 钦州学院 A kind of box Sipunculus nudus cultural method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004222544A (en) * 2003-01-20 2004-08-12 Rikujo Yoshoku Kogaku Kenkyusho:Kk Fish farming system for fish and shellfish
CN101496500A (en) * 2009-01-21 2009-08-05 广东海洋大学 Technique for cultivating Hemifusus tuba
KR20090111041A (en) * 2008-04-21 2009-10-26 강경윤 Flooring materials and construction mathod of flat-fish farm and aquatic plant
CN201563486U (en) * 2009-09-09 2010-09-01 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 New model culture pond of marine snails
CN203523543U (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-04-09 青岛恒生源生态农业有限公司 Factory-like Urechis unicinctus seedling breeding and cultivation facility
CN204259636U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-15 广西壮族自治区水产技术推广总站 Discharging pollution in pool device
CN204599012U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-09-02 广东海洋大学 A kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004222544A (en) * 2003-01-20 2004-08-12 Rikujo Yoshoku Kogaku Kenkyusho:Kk Fish farming system for fish and shellfish
KR20090111041A (en) * 2008-04-21 2009-10-26 강경윤 Flooring materials and construction mathod of flat-fish farm and aquatic plant
CN101496500A (en) * 2009-01-21 2009-08-05 广东海洋大学 Technique for cultivating Hemifusus tuba
CN201563486U (en) * 2009-09-09 2010-09-01 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 New model culture pond of marine snails
CN203523543U (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-04-09 青岛恒生源生态农业有限公司 Factory-like Urechis unicinctus seedling breeding and cultivation facility
CN204259636U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-15 广西壮族自治区水产技术推广总站 Discharging pollution in pool device
CN204599012U (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-09-02 广东海洋大学 A kind of Sipunculus nudus workshop culturing pool

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105831029A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-10 江先庆 Improved sipunculus nudus harvesting seeding machine
CN109006697A (en) * 2018-05-07 2018-12-18 钦州学院 A kind of box Sipunculus nudus cultural method

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Application publication date: 20150701