CN104737826A - Juicy peach grafting method - Google Patents

Juicy peach grafting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104737826A
CN104737826A CN201510104784.7A CN201510104784A CN104737826A CN 104737826 A CN104737826 A CN 104737826A CN 201510104784 A CN201510104784 A CN 201510104784A CN 104737826 A CN104737826 A CN 104737826A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stock
scion
tree
branch
honey peach
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Pending
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CN201510104784.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李正全
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Yangshan Taihu Lake Wuxi Honey Peach Science And Technology Ltd
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Yangshan Taihu Lake Wuxi Honey Peach Science And Technology Ltd
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Application filed by Yangshan Taihu Lake Wuxi Honey Peach Science And Technology Ltd filed Critical Yangshan Taihu Lake Wuxi Honey Peach Science And Technology Ltd
Priority to CN201510104784.7A priority Critical patent/CN104737826A/en
Publication of CN104737826A publication Critical patent/CN104737826A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting

Abstract

The invention relates to a juicy peach grafting method. A mountain peach tree is selected as a stock, the drought resistance of juicy peaches is improved, the capacity for the juicy peaches to resist diseases and pests is improved, and the management cost in the later period is greatly reduced. A crown of the stock is not directly removed, part of a xylem part is still connected with the stock, the situation that nutrients of mountain peaches are accumulated on the stock and cannot be effectively utilized, and branch sins are generated is avoided, and scions can better grow.

Description

A kind of honey peach grafting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural technology field, be specifically related to a kind of honey peach grafting method.
Background technology
Honey peach grafting high and changing head is the method for most shortcut of updating to old kind, it is from 6 to 10 strong, the climing branch of master of the climing upper selection of master of stalwartness tree body that current tradition acquires method to the height that perennial large tree is taked, grafting from different directions, after general grafting, Second Year can enter the just fruit phase, within 3rd year, enter the full bearing period, less to orchard worker's loss in revenue, be that Cultivar replacing is regenerated optimum grafting method.But traditional high jointing head converting technology result of use on the age of tree honey peach of more than 5 years tree is poor, is mainly reflected in climing branch aging update ability, disease resistance is poor, growing way is weak, cause pumping shoot ability, move outside setting fruit position.
But the premunition of honey peach itself is poor, and not impoverishment tolerant, therefore select a kind of premunition strong, drought resistance is high, and the plant of impoverishment tolerant has a very important role for improving its present situation existed as its stock.
Summary of the invention
For current Problems existing, the invention discloses a kind of honey peach grafting method, select mountain peach as the stock of honey peach grafting, improve its disease resistance, drought resistance.
In order to achieve the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of honey peach grafting method, comprises the steps:
(1) selection of stock: select the age of tree to be greater than the mountain peach tree of 5 years; In 4-5 month, a mark is carved at the 100-120cm place knife on distance ground, then with this mark for mid point, respectively to upper, downward apart from this mark 5-7cm place laterally parallel saw kerf of saw twice, the degree of depth is 2/3 of the dry diameter of hickory herein, remove the skin between two saw kerfs and xylem, obtain stock;
(2) from the honey peach tree of stalwartness, select the green branch of maturation raw then as scion, scion diameter is not more than diameter of stock, this scion is cut into the branch section that length is 10-12 ㎝, stay 2 full buds each section upper end, the both sides of each section lower end are whittled into the inclination bevel that length is 2-4 ㎝;
(3) be put into from saw kerf by the tree crown of stock, and supported by tree crown at distance stock root 80-120cm place with tripod, bearing height is parallel with stock;
(4) scion process: scion plant growth regulator is soaked branch bottom 5-10min;
(5) lower end of treated scion is inserted in the otch of the stock obtained, the bevel of scion is made to aim at the formation layer of stock incision, and making scion show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is highly 0.1-0.3 ㎝, smears wound curing agent, then with agricultural long-acting fog-free film bondage from bottom to up;
(6) when scion grow to trunk diameter exceed 2/3 of stock saw kerf place diameter time, the tree crown of stock is amputated at saw kerf place.
In above-mentioned honey peach grafting method, described plant growth regulator is: 6-BA 2 parts, IAA 1 part, vitamin B1 0.1 part, vitamin B6 0.3 part, formulated with the dilution ratio of 150-250mg: 1L.
In above-mentioned honey peach grafting method, described wound curing agent consists of: water 50-60 part, clay 30-40 part, charcoal ash 20-40 part, vitamin C 1-3 part, potassium iodide 0.5-2 part.
In above-mentioned honey peach grafting method, the stock that in described step (5), bondage is good, after branch pumping length is not less than 18 ㎝, solution is tied up.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
(1) the present invention adopts mountain peach as stock, not only increases the drought resistance of honey peach, also improves the ability of its disease and insect resistance, greatly reduces the management cost in later stage;
(2) applicant is found by great many of experiments, graft stock after directly tree crown being blocked, stock can sprout a large amount of branch evil at interface, and growth rapidly, will produce scion like this and repel, affect the growth of scion, only have and constantly dispose the growth that an evil could not affect scion, certainly will affect to its growth like this.Therefore present invention applicant is in order to avoid the generation of this thing, directly do not remove tree crown, but some xylem is also connected with stock, the nutrition of such mountain peach would not be accumulated in stock portion and can not get effective utilization and produce branch evil, is more conducive to the growth of scion;
(3) nutrition of tree crown also can be transported to stock root endlessly, ensure that the strong of root system.
Embodiment
Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1 one kinds of honey peach grafting methods, comprise the steps:
(1) plant growth regulator is prepared: by 6-BA 200mg part, IAA 100mg, vitamin B1 10mg, vitamin B6 30mg, join mixing preparation in 1L water and form.Preparation wound curing agent: pulverized by clay 300g, with water 500g furnishing mud, then adds charcoal ash 200g and stirs, then add vitamin C 10g, potassium iodide 20g mixes;
(2) selection of stock: in honey peach planting base, Yangshan, Taihu Lake, first cultivate mountain peach, selects the mountain peach of life in 6 years as stock; In mid-April, distance ground 100cm place knife carve a mark, then with this mark for mid point, respectively to upper, downward apart from this mark 7cm place laterally parallel saw kerf of saw twice, the degree of depth is 2/3 of the dry diameter of hickory herein, removes the skin between two saw kerfs and xylem, obtains stock;
(3) from the honey peach tree of stalwartness, select the green branch of maturation raw then as scion, scion diameter is not more than diameter of stock, this scion is cut into the branch section that length is 10 ㎝, stay 2 full buds each section upper end, the both sides of each section lower end are whittled into the inclination bevel that length is 3 ㎝;
(4) be put into from saw kerf by the tree crown of stock, and supported by tree crown at distance stock root 100cm place with tripod, bearing height is parallel with stock;
(5) scion process: scion plant growth regulator is soaked branch bottom 5min;
(6) lower end of treated scion is inserted in the otch of the stock obtained, the bevel of scion is made to aim at the formation layer of stock incision, and making scion show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is highly 0.1-0.3 ㎝, smears wound curing agent, then with agricultural long-acting fog-free film bondage from bottom to up;
(7) stock that bondage is good, when branch pumping length is 20 ㎝, solution is tied up;
(8) when scion grow to trunk diameter exceed 2/3 of stock saw kerf place diameter time, the tree crown of stock is amputated at saw kerf place.
After grafting the 2nd year, it is fast that tree body recovers growing way, and disease occurs few, and robust growth, enters the phase of bearing fruit on the 3rd year, and it is strong to cultivate branch group bearing capacity, and graft survival rate reaches 95%.
Embodiment 2
(1) plant growth regulator is prepared: by 6-BA 200mg part, IAA 100mg, vitamin B1 10mg, vitamin B6 30mg, join mixing preparation in 1L water and form; Preparation wound curing agent: pulverized by clay 300g, with water 500g furnishing mud, then adds charcoal ash 200g and stirs, then add vitamin C 10g, potassium iodide 20g mixes;
(2) selection of stock: in honey peach planting base, Yangshan, Taihu Lake, first cultivate mountain peach, selects the mountain peach of life in 6 years as stock; The selection age of tree is the mountain peach tree of 7 years; In the first tenday period of a month in May, distance ground 120cm place knife carve a mark, then with this mark for mid point, respectively to upper, downward apart from this mark 5cm place laterally parallel saw kerf of saw twice, the degree of depth is 2/3 of the dry diameter of hickory herein, removes the skin between two saw kerfs and xylem, obtains stock;
(3) from the honey peach tree of stalwartness, select the green branch of maturation raw then as scion, scion diameter is not more than diameter of stock, this scion is cut into the branch section that length is 10 ㎝, stay 2 full buds each section upper end, the both sides of each section lower end are whittled into the inclination bevel that length is 4 ㎝;
(4) be put into from saw kerf by the tree crown of stock, and supported by tree crown at distance stock root 80cm place with tripod, bearing height is parallel with stock;
(5) scion process: scion plant growth regulator is soaked branch bottom 7min;
(6) lower end of treated scion is inserted in the otch of the stock obtained, the bevel of scion is made to aim at the formation layer of stock incision, and making scion show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is highly 0.1-0.3 ㎝, smears wound curing agent, then with agricultural long-acting fog-free film bondage from bottom to up;
(7) stock that bondage is good, when branch pumping length is 22 ㎝, solution is tied up;
(8) when scion grow to trunk diameter exceed 2/3 of stock saw kerf place diameter time, the tree crown of stock is amputated at saw kerf place.
After grafting the 2nd year, it is fast that tree body recovers growing way, and disease occurs few, and robust growth, enters the phase of bearing fruit on the 3rd year, and it is strong to cultivate branch group bearing capacity, and graft survival rate reaches 93%.
The honey peach of embodiment 1 and 2 tree is set (comparative example) with the honey peach not through grafting routine and carries out comparing of incidence of insect disease, concrete outcome is in table 1, data representation in table be the incidence of disease (with percent basis) of damage by disease and insect, this contrast is not carrying out under the prerequisite of the extermination of disease and insect pest.
Table 1 damage by disease and insect incidence contrasts
Relatively Anthracnose/% Gummosis/% Brown rot/% Shothole disease/%
Embodiment 1 12 0 20 25
Embodiment 2 15% 0 22 23
Comparative example 68 74 62 35
Can learn through contrast, honey peach of the present invention is through changing stock, and its Common Diseases anthracnose, brown rot, shothole disease are reduced all greatly, and gummosis is controlled thoroughly, visible, and the present invention substantially increases the ability of disease and insect resistance.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a honey peach grafting method, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) selection of stock: select the age of tree to be greater than the mountain peach tree of 5 years; In 4-5 month, a mark is carved at the 100-120cm place knife on distance ground, then with this mark for mid point, respectively to upper, downward apart from this mark 5-7cm place laterally parallel saw kerf of saw twice, the degree of depth is 2/3 of the dry diameter of hickory herein, remove the skin between two saw kerfs and xylem, obtain stock;
(2) from the honey peach tree of stalwartness, select the green branch of maturation raw then as scion, scion diameter is not more than diameter of stock, this scion is cut into the branch section that length is 10-12 ㎝, stay 2 full buds each section upper end, the both sides of each section lower end are whittled into the inclination bevel that length is 2-4 ㎝;
(3) be put into from saw kerf by the tree crown of stock, and supported by tree crown at distance stock root 80-120cm place with tripod, bearing height is parallel with stock;
(4) scion process: scion plant growth regulator is soaked branch bottom 5-10min;
(5) lower end of treated scion is inserted in the otch of the stock obtained, the bevel of scion is made to aim at the formation layer of stock incision, and making scion show money or valuables one carries unintentionally is highly 0.1-0.3 ㎝, smears wound curing agent, then with agricultural long-acting fog-free film bondage from bottom to up;
(6) when scion grow to trunk diameter exceed 2/3 of stock saw kerf place diameter time, the tree crown of stock is amputated at saw kerf place.
2. a kind of honey peach grafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plant growth regulator is: 6-BA 2 parts, IAA 1 part, vitamin B1 0.1 part, vitamin B6 0.3 part, formulated with the dilution ratio of 300-350mg: 1L.
3. a kind of honey peach grafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described wound curing agent consists of: water 50-60 part, clay 30-40 part, charcoal ash 20-40 part, vitamin C 1-3 part, potassium iodide 0.5-2 part.
4. honey peach grafting method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the stock that in described step (5), bondage is good, after branch pumping length is not less than 18 ㎝, solution is tied up.
CN201510104784.7A 2015-03-11 2015-03-11 Juicy peach grafting method Pending CN104737826A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105325181A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-02-17 阜南县田隆花木种植有限公司 Method for carrying out grafting and seedling cultivating on ornamental prunus persica chrysanthemoides
CN105638256A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-06-08 镇远县醉美果业有限公司 Red peach seedling raising technique
CN107182687A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-22 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of honey peach tree
CN109197309A (en) * 2018-07-25 2019-01-15 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of mango engrafting method
CN110226422A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-13 张春辉 A kind of good quality and high output Yanling County rock sugar honey peach breeding method

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CN1608412A (en) * 2004-11-23 2005-04-27 四川大学 Transitional orange grafting method
CN1709025A (en) * 2005-07-22 2005-12-21 陈浩 Colourful tree grafting method
CN1977583A (en) * 2005-12-06 2007-06-13 张元存 Method for radical treating bleeding disease of grafted peach
CN101194572A (en) * 2007-12-17 2008-06-11 四川大学 Stunt high production method for walnut tree
KR20100060139A (en) * 2008-11-27 2010-06-07 박기용 The conjugation method of tree
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105325181A (en) * 2015-10-31 2016-02-17 阜南县田隆花木种植有限公司 Method for carrying out grafting and seedling cultivating on ornamental prunus persica chrysanthemoides
CN105638256A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-06-08 镇远县醉美果业有限公司 Red peach seedling raising technique
CN107182687A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-22 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of honey peach tree
CN109197309A (en) * 2018-07-25 2019-01-15 广西田阳县创新农业综合开发有限公司 A kind of mango engrafting method
CN110226422A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-13 张春辉 A kind of good quality and high output Yanling County rock sugar honey peach breeding method

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Application publication date: 20150701