CN104734850A - Data transmission chip oriented to energy saving and emission reduction monitoring - Google Patents

Data transmission chip oriented to energy saving and emission reduction monitoring Download PDF

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CN104734850A
CN104734850A CN 201310706490 CN201310706490A CN104734850A CN 104734850 A CN104734850 A CN 104734850A CN 201310706490 CN201310706490 CN 201310706490 CN 201310706490 A CN201310706490 A CN 201310706490A CN 104734850 A CN104734850 A CN 104734850A
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data
module
coupled
chip
energy saving
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CN 201310706490
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Chinese (zh)
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郭炜
张丽娜
李�杰
陈媛华
黄勇
刘明辉
支军
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中节能六合天融环保科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a data transmission chip oriented to energy saving and emission reduction monitoring. An interface module, a data processing module and a storage module are arranged in a chip shell, and pins are arranged on the periphery of the chip. The data transmission chip is characterized in that the chip is provided with a data safety module and a hardware safety module and has the advantages that the chip can serve as a core chip to be applied to an associated device. For solving the data safety problem and the hardware safety problem involved in the field of energy saving and emission reduction monitoring and the problems that an energy consumption monitoring platform, equipment and other levels are not unified in existing interfaces and standard or have no standard to be followed, a safe, compatible and standard chip design scheme is provided in a modular design mode. In the mode that the five functional modules are organically combined, the chip can have a series of functions of data receiving, data processing, data storage and data uploading, achieves data encryption and digital signature, has a function of identifying device hardware and accordingly meets the application requirement in the field of energy saving and emission reduction monitoring.

Description

面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片 Energy saving for monitoring data transfer chip

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于控制信号传输系统,特别涉及一种面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片(简称节能芯)。 [0001] The present invention belongs to a control signal transmission system, particularly to an energy saving for monitoring the data transfer chip (the energy of the core).

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,在环保领域的节能减排监控系统中,数据的采集和传输十分重要,要求准确而安全,大量的人工采集和整理已发展为采用计算机实施数据的远程采集,有线传输,也可以远程采集,无线传输。 [0002] Currently, in the field of energy saving and environmental protection monitoring system, the importance of data collection and transmission, requiring accurate and secure, a lot of manual collection and collation has been developed for remote data collection implemented by computer, cable transmission, also remotely acquire, wireless transmission. 如中国专利申请号201220212393.9 “一种能耗监控系统中的数据无线采集装置”,可将测量仪表采集到的数据,无线发送到主控服务器,实现数据远程传输。 The Chinese Patent Application No. 201220212393.9 "an energy consumption monitoring system, the wireless data acquisition device", the measuring instrument may collect data wirelessly transmits to the master server, remote data transmission. 随着信息技术的发展,传感器网络的应用发展,在实际应用部署过程中暴露出严重的隐私数据泄露或被篡改的威胁,这就需要采取非一般的加密模式对敏感的信息进行隐私保护,保证攻击者无法窃取传输过程中的隐私数据,无法替换数据采集设备,因此设计一个能保障数据安全性的数据融合方法是非常必要的。 With the development of information technology, the development of sensor network applications, exposing serious threat to the privacy of data leakage or tampered with in the practical application deployment process, which generally require non-encryption mode of sensitive information privacy protection to ensure an attacker can not steal private data transmission, and data acquisition equipment can not be replaced, so a design can protect the data security of data fusion method is very necessary.

[0003] 随着模块化设计技术的发展,许多模块设计的成熟,有利于技术的标准化,可考虑利用模块解决目前能耗监控平台、设备等层面存在接口不统一、标准不统一或者无标准可遵循的问题,形成一种芯片级的硬件解决方案。 [0003] With the development of modular design techniques, many modules designed for mature, in favor of technical standardization, may consider the use of modules to solve the current energy consumption monitoring platform, equipment and other aspects of a unified interface does not exist, or no standards are not uniform standards questions follow, to form a chip-level hardware solution.

[0004] 因此,对节能减排监控领域的需求进行分析并设计相应的解决方案,能够为政府和企业进行能耗监控,实现节能减排目标提供良好的硬件基础和技术支持。 [0004] Therefore, the demand in the field of energy saving monitor to analyze and design appropriate solutions, energy consumption can be monitored for the government and enterprises to provide a good foundation for the hardware and technical support to achieve emission reduction targets.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于为克服现有技术的不足而提供一种面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,以提高数据传输的安全性和可靠性。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art and provide a data transfer chip oriented to monitor energy conservation to improve the security and reliability of data transmission.

[0006] 本发明的技术方案内容为:面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,由接口模块、数据处理模块、存储模块组成,不同的是还有硬件安全模块、数据安全模块。 [0006] The technical solution of the present invention are: energy saving for monitoring the data transfer chip, the interface module, data processing module, a memory module, except that there is a hardware security module, the security module data.

[0007] 所述的接口模块包括支持外围扩展以太网RJ45接口、RS232接口、RS485接口、USB接口、开关量接口、模拟量接口和一个或多个继电器接口的大量管脚,与传感器、控制设备联接,接收其数据;与数据处理模块联接,为数据处理模块提供原始数据并接收签名加密数据;与上层系统联接,将签名加密数据进行上传。 [0007] The interface module comprises a peripheral support extended Ethernet RJ45 interface, a large number of pin RS232 interface, RS485 interface, USB interface, a switch interface, and analog interfaces or a plurality of relay interfaces with the sensor, the control device coupling, which receives the data; and a data processing module coupled to provide raw data to the data processing module receives the signed and encrypted data; coupled with the upper system, the encrypted signature data upload.

[0008] 所述的数据处理模块包括处理器及其外围电路,与接口模块联接,接收其采集的原始数据并将签名加密数据发送到接口模块;与存储模块联接,将原始数据发送到存储模块;与硬件安全模块联接,将原始数据发送到硬件安全模块;与数据安全模块联接,接收签名加密的数据。 Data processing module [0008] according to its peripheral circuits including a processor, coupled to the interface module, which receives the raw data acquired signature and transmits the encrypted data to the interface module; and a storage module coupled to send raw data to the storage module ; coupled with hardware security module, send raw data to the hardware security module; and data security module is coupled to receive encrypted data signature.

[0009] 所述的存储模块包括Flash存储器、RAM和EEPR0M,与数据处理模块联接,接收并存储数据处理模块发送的数据。 [0009] The storage module comprises a Flash memory, RAM, and EEPR0M, coupled with the data processing module receives and stores data transmitted from the data processing module.

[0010] 所述的硬件安全模块包括电子注册码,与数据处理模块联接,接收原始数据并对其进行数字签名;与数据安全模块联接,将签名数据发送到数据安全模块。 [0010] The hardware security module includes an electronic registration number, coupled with the data processing module, receives the raw data and digitally signed; coupled with a data security module transmits signature data to the data security module.

[0011] 所述的数据安全模块包括硬件加密/解密模块,与硬件安全模块联接,接收签名数据并对其进行加密;与数据处理模块联接,将签名加密数据发送到数据处理模块。 Data Security Module [0011] comprises the hardware encryption / decryption module coupled to the hardware security module, and receives the signature data to be encrypted; coupled with the data processing module, the encrypted data sent to the signature data processing module.

[0012] 本发明所涉及的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片与现有的技术相比的有益效果是:本发明具有兼容性、标准性和安全性。 [0012] Monitoring of the energy saving present invention for data transfer chip beneficial effects compared to the prior art is: The present invention is compatible, and safety standards.

[0013] 本发明所涉及的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片具有兼容性,能够兼容不同的传感器和不同的控制设备,支持不同的总线协议。 [0013] The present invention for energy saving monitoring data transfer chip compatibility, compatibility with different sensors and different control devices that support different bus protocols.

[0014] 本发明所涉及的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片具有标准性,包括传输标准性和存储标准性。 [0014] Monitoring of the energy saving for the present invention having a standard data transfer chip resistance, comprising storage and transmission standard of criteria. 节能芯片能够以标准的物理接口和传输协议进行数据传输。 Saving chip capable of data transmission and the physical interface to a standard transmission protocol. 能耗监控系统属于在线系统,对通讯的实时性和连续性有较高要求。 Energy Management system is an online system, there is a high demand for real-time communication and continuity. 在网络故障或者其他因素导致通讯中断时,节能芯配备有存储器,能以标准格式将数据存储到存储器中,待通讯恢复后,完成数据的续传。 When a network failure or other factors cause communication interruption, saving core equipped with memory, the data in a standard format can be stored in the memory, until communication is restored, the completion of the resume data.

[0015] 本发明所涉及的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片具有安全性,包括硬件安全性和数据安全性。 [0015] Monitoring of the energy saving for the present invention has a data transfer chip security, including security hardware and data security. 由于节能减排监控领域对数据的真实性与可靠性具有很高的要求,数据采集设备的硬件安全性非常重要。 As the field of energy saving monitor with high demands on the authenticity and reliability of data, data acquisition hardware security devices it is very important. 为防止硬件设备被非法更换,本发明所涉及的节能芯片内置全球唯一的电子注册码,在标识每一片节能芯片的同时,能够用唯一的ID序列号对数据进行签名,将数据与硬件进行绑定,提高数据的真实性。 To prevent illegal hardware device is replaced, the present invention is globally unique energy-chip electronic registration, identifying each one at the same time saving chip, a unique ID can be used to sign data sequence number, the data is tied to the hardware given to improve the authenticity of the data. 节能减排监控领域的数据多涉及众多的国家及民生问题,其数据安全性十分重要。 Monitoring data in the field of energy conservation and more involved in numerous national and people's livelihood, that data security is very important. 节能芯片采用硬件加密方式,配置高安全性的加密模块对数据进行加密,比软件加密的方式安全系数更高。 Saving chip hardware encryption, arranged high security encryption module to encrypt data, software encryption manner is higher than the safety factor. 经过以上处理,节能芯片在硬件层面完成了对设备的身份标识,在数据层面完成了对数据的签名和加密,提高了数据的真实性与安全性。 After the above processing, energy-saving chips at the hardware level to complete the identity of the equipment in the data plane completed its data signing and encryption to improve the security and authenticity of the data.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步描述。 [0016] conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described.

[0017] 图1为本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 1 for a schematic structural view of energy saving monitoring data transmission chip of the present invention.

[0018] 图2为本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片的数据流程示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 for energy conservation monitor data flow data transmission chip schematic diagram of the invention.

[0019] 图中,1-接口模块、2-数据处理模块、3-存储模块、4-硬件安全模块、5-数据安全模块 [0019] FIG, 1 interface module, data processing module 2-, 3- storage module, 4- hardware security module, the security module data 5-

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 为了更充分理解本发明的技术内容,下面结合具体实施例对本发明的技术方案进一步介绍和说明,但不局限于此。 [0020] For a fuller understanding of the technical content of the invention, in conjunction with the following examples of the technical solutions of the present invention is further described and illustrated specific embodiments, but is not limited thereto.

[0021] 如图1所示,本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,其周边设有管脚,内部包括:接口模块1、数据处理模块2、存储模块3、硬件安全模块4、数据安全模块5。 [0021] As shown, the present invention is directed to energy conservation monitor data transmission chip 1, pin with its periphery, an internal comprising: an interface module, data processing module 2, a memory module 3, a hardware security module 4, data security module 5. 在本实施例中,本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片能够通过周边管脚与相关设备联接。 In the present embodiment, the present invention is directed to energy conservation monitoring data transmission through the chip peripheral device coupled to the associated pin.

[0022] 结合图2,本实施例中,所述的接口模块I与传感器和控制设备联接,并与上层系统联接;所述的接口模块1、存储模块3、硬件安全模块4、数据安全模块5均与数据处理模块2联接。 [0022] in conjunction with FIG. 2, in the present embodiment, the interface module I is coupled with the sensors and control devices, and coupled with the upper system; the interface module, a memory module 3, a hardware security module 4, data security module 5 are coupled with the data processing module 2. 在本实施例中,将本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片作为核心芯片应用于节能减排监控设备中。 In the present embodiment, the present invention is the energy saving for monitoring data transmission chip as the core chip is applied to the monitoring device energy saving. 节能减排监控设备配置有I个10 / 10Mbps以太网接口RJ45 ;多个RS232接口;多个RS485接口;1个USB Host2.0接口;多路模拟量接口,支持接入O〜20mA / 4〜20mA电流信号、0〜5V电压信号等模拟量信号;多路开关量接口,支持输入电压O〜5V ;多路继电器接口。 Energy saving monitoring device is configured with the I 10 / 10Mbps Ethernet interface to the RJ45; a plurality of RS232 interfaces; a plurality of RS485 interface; a USB Host2.0 interfaces; multiple analog interfaces, supporting access O~20mA / 4~ 20mA current signal, 0~5V voltage analog signals and other signals; multiplexer switch interface, supports input voltage O~5V; multiple relay interfaces. 这些接口能够接入工况传感器、能耗传感器、用于监测环境温度的温度传感器、用于检测电能消耗的电量传感器、用于检测水量的水流量传感器、用于监测燃气用量的气流传感器以及其他监测设备的数据。 These interfaces can be accessed condition sensors, energy sensors, for monitoring the temperature of the ambient temperature sensor, a sensor for detecting the amount of power consumption, the water flow rate sensor for detecting the amount of water, the air flow sensor for monitoring the amount of gas and other data monitoring equipment. 本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片中的接口模块I接收到以上传感器和监测设备的数据,将数据传输到数据处理模块2 ;数据处理模块2将接收到的数据进行解析、运算,将数据存储到存储模块3 ;数据处理模块2调用硬件安全模块4,硬件安全模块4用电子注册码对数据进行签名;已签名数据经过数据安全模块5进行加密,然后通过数据处理模块2上传到上层系统。 The present invention is a data transfer chip for energy saving in the monitored data received by the interface module I more sensors and monitoring devices, transmit data to the data processing module 2; 2 a data processing module analyzing the received data, computing the data in the storage module 3; 2 calls the data processing module hardware security module 4, a hardware security module 4 data signature electronic registration; signed data via the data encryption security module 5, and then uploaded to the upper layer 2 by the data processing module system. 上层系统可以为节能减排管控平台或其他上层系统。 The system can control the upper platform or other upper energy saving systems.

[0023] 综上所述,在本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片的基础上,设计相应的节能减排监控设备,能够完成能耗底层数据的采集、处理、存储、签名、加密以及上传。 [0023] In summary, based on the data transfer chip energy saving oriented on the monitor of the present invention, a corresponding energy saving design of the monitoring device, power consumption is possible to complete the acquisition of the underlying data, processing, storage, signatures, encryption, and Upload.

[0024] 以上所述仅以实施例来进一步说明本发明面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片的技术内容,以便于读者更容易理解,但不代表本发明的实施方式仅限于此,任何依本发明所做的技术延伸或再创造,均受本发明的保护。 [0024] The above examples merely further illustrate the technical details of the data transfer chip for monitoring the energy saving of the present invention, for easier understanding of the reader, but do not represent embodiments of the present invention be limited thereto, any under this invention extends protection techniques or re-creation, the subject of the present invention is made.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,由接口模块、数据处理模块、存储模块组成,其特征在于,与数据处理模块联接有硬件安全模块,与硬件安全模块联接有数据安全模块。 An energy saving for monitoring the data transfer chip, the interface module, data processing module, a storage module, wherein the data processing module is coupled with the hardware security module, the security module is coupled with a hardware security module data.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,其特征在于,所述的接口模块包括支持外围扩展以太网RJ45接口、RS232接口、RS485接口、USB接口、开关量接口、模拟量接口和一个或多个继电器接口的大量管脚,与传感器、控制设备联接,接收其数据;与数据处理模块联接,为数据处理模块提供原始数据并接收签名加密数据;与上层系统联接,将签名加密数据进行上传。 The energy saving for monitoring the data transfer chip according to claim 1, characterized in that said interface module comprises a peripheral support extended Ethernet RJ45 interface, RS232 interfaces, RS485 interface, USB interface, a switch interface, analog interface plurality of pins and a plurality of relays or interfaces with the sensor, the control device is coupled to receive its data; coupled with the data processing module, provide raw data to the data processing module receives the signed and encrypted data; coupled with the upper system, the signature encrypted data is uploaded.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,其特征在于,所述的数据处理模块包括处理器及其外围电路,与接口模块联接,接收其采集的原始数据并将签名加密数据发送到接口模块;与存储模块联接,将原始数据发送到存储模块;与硬件安全模块联接,将原始数据发送到硬件安全模块;与数据安全模块联接,接收签名加密的数据。 According to claim monitored for energy saving data transfer chip to claim 1, wherein said data processing module comprises a processor and a peripheral circuit, coupled to the interface module, which receives the raw data collected and transmitting the encrypted data to the interface module signature; coupled with the storage module, send raw data to the storage module; coupled with the hardware security module, send raw data to the hardware security module; and data security module is coupled to receive encrypted data signature.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,其特征在于,所述的存储模块包括Flash存储器、RAM和EEPROM,与数据处理模块联接,接收并存储数据处理模块发送的数据。 The energy saving for monitoring the data transfer chip according to claim 1, wherein said memory module comprises a Flash memory, RAM and EEPROM, coupled with the data processing module, receives and stores the transmitted data processing module data.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,其特征在于,所述的硬件安全模块包括电子注册码,与数据处理模块联接,接收原始数据并对其进行数字签名;与数据安全模块联接,将签名数据发送到数据安全模块。 The energy saving for monitoring the data transfer chip according to claim 1, wherein said hardware security module includes an electronic registration key, coupled with the data processing module, receives the raw data and digitally signed; and data security module is coupled to send data to the signature data security module.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的面向节能减排监控的数据传输芯片,其特征在于,所述的数据安全模块包括硬件加密/解密模块,与硬件安全模块联接,接收签名数据并对其进行加密;与数据处理模块联接,将签名加密数据发送到数据处理模块。 The claim for monitoring data transfer of energy saving chip of claim 1, wherein said data security module comprises hardware encryption / decryption module, a hardware security module coupled to receive the signature data and encrypt ; coupled with the data processing module, and sends the encrypted data to the signature data processing module.
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