CN104728945A - Stacked type intelligent air treatment system - Google Patents

Stacked type intelligent air treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104728945A
CN104728945A CN201510074216.7A CN201510074216A CN104728945A CN 104728945 A CN104728945 A CN 104728945A CN 201510074216 A CN201510074216 A CN 201510074216A CN 104728945 A CN104728945 A CN 104728945A
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China
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layer
air
dust
gas
display
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CN201510074216.7A
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CN104728945B (en
Inventor
钟小玉
钟兴
王琴
傅竹生
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Zhejiang Lu Hao Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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Hangzhou Guang Mei Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/158Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using active carbon
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/15Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means
    • F24F8/167Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by chemical means using catalytic reactions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/22Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using UV light

Abstract

The invention discloses a stacked type intelligent air treatment system and belongs to the technical field of gas purification treatment systems. The stacked type intelligent air treatment system comprises a base and an outer shell. The bottom of the outer shell is provided with an air inlet port layer, and the top of the outer shell is provided with an air outlet port layer. A gas monitoring layer, an electrostatic precipitation layer, an activated carbon layer, a fan layer, a display control layer, a heat conductive plate layer, a light-catalyzed reaction layer and an odor source generation layer are sequentially arranged inside the outer shell in a stacked mode from bottom to top and are connected through heat conductive lines or power lines or data lines. Heat conductive plates of the heat conductive plate layer are made of graphite heat conduction materials, and the heat conductive plate layer is connected with a fan rotating shaft, the electrostatic precipitation layer, an LED catalyzed light source and a display control driver. The gas monitoring layer comprises a temperature and humidity sensor and a formaldehyde and TVOC sensor which are fixed through a support. By the adoption of the technology, the stacked type intelligent air treatment system intelligently integrates various devices and all functional components are relatively independent, so the stacked type intelligent air treatment system is convenient to disassemble and assemble, simple and attractive in appearance and capable of more quickly and effectively disinfecting, purifying and treating indoor air.

Description

A kind of stacked intelligent air treatment system
Technical field
The invention belongs to gas purification treatment system technical field, be specifically related to a kind of for the stacked intelligent air treatment system to air-treatment in room air or confined space.
Background technology
Current China Development of Real Estate is swift and violent, living standards of the people improve rapidly, construction material, indoor hardware fitting, daily-use chemical industry articles for use, furniture, plastic products, pet and textile fabrics are the primary pollution source of room air, such as, dust in building materials, the formaldehyde of glued board release, the TOVC (TVOC) of coating release, chemical addition agent in leather, the toxic compounds discharged in toy and furniture, the dirt mite grown in pet and textile and pathogen, the pollen and other anaphylactogens etc. of houseplant release, and these harmful substances are continuation release, the health of these material serious harm people especially children.The all one's life of people has the time of about 80% to occupy indoor, in indoor closed environment, air concentration of harmful substance is higher than outdoor several times even decades of times, so the intelligent air treatment system of research and development complete function, the quality of life improving people is had great importance.
Air cleaning facility mainly comprises electrostatic air cleaner in the market, negative ion air-cleaner, the polytypes such as activated carbon filtration formula air purifier and photo-catalytic air cleaner, these equipment usually can only for part pollutant, can not by the comprehensive decomposing, purifying of Common detrimental material of indoor, such as 2013, according to " environmental hygiene engineering ", the air purifier of main flow in the market, PM2.5 purifying rate can reach 99%, dust and bacteria removing rate is mostly more than 90%, but the performance of purifying formaldehyde rate differs greatly, some can reach more than 90%, but some is not then higher than 30%, therefore, air cleaning unit design aspect remains to be further improved.
Activated carbon filtration formula air purifier belongs to physical adsorption techniques, advantage is that adsorption effect is better, adsorption efficiency is high, relatively be suitable for absorption dust, pollen and organic volatile etc., and can reuse, but shortcoming to be life cycle short, easily reach capacity, need periodically to carry out desorption with recycling, do not possess harmful microbe killing actions such as germ, dirt mites.
Electrostatic air cleaner is the dust in the electric field magnetic-adsorption air utilizing high-pressure electrostatic to be formed, and sterilizing can be carried out by high pressure, the advantage of electrostatic air cleaner is advantage of lower cost, extraordinary purification function is had for the dust in air, pollen, oil smoke and germ, and long service life; Its shortcoming is the organic gas such as formaldehyde, benzene in can not purifying air, and the ozone produced also can cause secondary pollution.
Photo-catalytic air cleaner utilizes nano photocatalyst catalytic material under light illuminate condition, electronics to be excited, the hydroxyl free radical that final formation oxidizing force is extremely strong, kills the pathogen in air and degradable organic pollutant; Nano photo-catalytic is a kind of safety, simple and effective technology, and its advantage is the harmful organic gas can effectively degraded in air, and kill pathogen, and utilization rate is high, the life-span is extremely long; Shortcoming to remove inorganic dust granules and dust.The defect that on domestic market, in photocatalyst air purifying technology ubiquity catalytic reaction, light source utilization rate is low, and improve photocatalyst reaction efficiency and ensure that throughput is insurmountable contradiction always: 1 light-catalyzed reaction mainly occurs in the surface or closely surperficial of photocatalyst material, the perpendicular or parallel layout of the many employings of the arrangement of optical catalyst carrier and light source in common device, specific area is little, stock utilization is low, or adopt complicated catalysis net structure, improve the air drag in equipment, these designs all can cause the photocatalyst reaction inefficiency of equipment; Photocatalyst catalysis light source on 2 markets mostly is uviol lamp, restricted lifetime, and often lower than 1 year, nontechnical user is difficult to maintenance and the replacing of finishing equipment; The photocatalyst material quality that 3 markets adopt in photo-catalytic air cleaner is uneven, and some can play catalysis under natural light irradiation, and some can only carry out photocatalysis under UV-irradiation, and some does not even possess catalysis.
Currently marketed air cleaning facility is mostly adopt flat dedusting structure, after Long-Time Service, the gas circuit front end of equipment can accumulate a large amount of adsorbates, if do not noted cleaning in time or changing filter material, the detergent power of equipment can be caused to decline even lost efficacy, as common HEPA filter screen, although this material has very effective absorption property for dust, but can not wash, cost is higher, when after Long-Time Service degree of reaching capacity, need to change in time, but common air cleaning facility does not have prompt facility, user is caused usually to ignore the renewal of cleaning equipment consumptive material.
Existing air cleaning facility is all pollutant for indoor and nuisance, but does not have the function of process room air, such as, improve air quality, release organic functions volatile matter, make room air pure and fresh pleasant, without mosquito without worm, even improve body immunity.
Summary of the invention
For the above-mentioned shortcoming existed in existing Techniques for Indoor Air Purification, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Based Intelligent Control for the stacked intelligent air treatment system to air-treatment in room air or confined space.
The stacked intelligent air treatment system of described one, for stacked structure, comprise base and be arranged on the shell on base, described outer casing bottom is provided with air inlet layer, top is provided with gas outlet layer, to it is characterized in that in described shell stacked setting from bottom to up successively and by thermal conductive wire, the gas-monitoring layer that power line or data wire connect, electrostatic precipitator knoisphere, active carbon layer, blower fan layer, display and control layer, heat conduction flaggy, light-catalyzed reaction layer and taste source genetic horizon, the heat-conducting plate of described heat conduction flaggy adopts graphite heat conducting material, and heat conduction flaggy connects fan shaft, electrostatic precipitator knoisphere, LED catalysis light source and display and control driver, described gas-monitoring layer comprises Temperature Humidity Sensor, formaldehyde and TVOC sensor, and is fixed by support, described air by the air inlet layer air inlet of bottom, successively through gas-monitoring layer, electrostatic precipitator knoisphere, active carbon layer, blower fan layer, display and control layer, heat conduction flaggy, light-catalyzed reaction layer and taste source genetic horizon, air after process is discharged from the gas outlet layer at top, described air treatment system namely can the startup of Non-follow control photo catalysis reactor and taste source generator and closedown, also can according to the startup of the air quality Based Intelligent Control photo catalysis reactor of monitoring system reflection and closedown.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, it is characterized in that formaldehyde and TVOC sensor, Temperature Humidity Sensor are equipped with in described gas-monitoring layer center, these sensors are connected respectively with display and control layer, light-catalyzed reaction layer, and by the signal transmission of collection in the digit chip of display and control layer, by chip microcontroller display, store and send control signal; Described gas-monitoring layer Real-Time Monitoring air quality, when content of formaldehyde is more than 0.08 mg.m -3or TVOC content is more than 0.6mg.m -3after, TVOC sensor is by signal transmission to the LED catalysis light source in light-catalyzed reaction layer, and LED catalysis light source is automatically opened and processed air, when content of formaldehyde is lower than crossing 0.08 mg.m -3and TVOC content is also lower than 0.6mg.m -3after, LED catalysis light source is closed.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, it is characterized in that described air inlet layer comprises dust-collecting box and is equipped with the metal screen at dust-collecting box top, bottom described dust-collecting box, mass sensor is set, dust-collecting box side arranges air inlet, the aperture of metal screen is 3-4mm, described mass sensor is for monitoring dust-collecting box dust weight, mass sensor is connected with single-chip microcomputer, dust-collecting box is cleaned according to mass sensor collection signal by single-chip microcomputer, when in air inlet layer, dust-collecting box quality is too high, dust builds up to a certain degree, collection signal is passed to single-chip microcomputer by sensor, and send the prompting of clean dust-collecting box.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system; it is characterized in that described electrostatic precipitator knoisphere is for PM2.5 dust in filtered air and first kill harmful microorganism; electrostatic precipitator knoisphere comprises dust collecting electrode and corona discharge electrode; the dust of corona discharge electrode absorption is trapped in dust collecting electrode; dust collecting electrode communicates with the dust-collecting box on air inlet layer, drops under gravity in dust-collecting box after dust accumulation is many.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, it is characterized in that described active carbon layer is for the formaldehyde in absorbed air and TVOC, and slowly-releasing is to light-catalyzed reaction layer; Arrange heated at constant temperature net, temperature sensor and active carbon filler in described active carbon layer, its top is provided with formaldehyde and TVOC sensor, when content of formaldehyde in extraneous air is more than 0.08 mg.m -3or TVOC content is more than 0.6mg.m -3after, and with the concentration indifference of active carbon layer top area after, heated at constant temperature net is opened, active carbon filler in active carbon filler layer is carried out oven dry desorption, active carbon is made again to have adsorption function, drying course continues 2 hours, and in drying course, light-catalyzed reaction layer and blower fan layer are opened, and in drying course, temperature is 50-70 DEG C.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, it is characterized in that described light-catalyzed reaction layer inside is spiral catalysis gas circuit, air-flow is through fans drive spiral, be with outside described interior catalyst gas circuit on cloche and cloche, the metal partion (metp) of lower both sides, on, lower two metal partion (metp)s arrange gas circuit gas outlet and gas circuit air inlet respectively, cloche outside is provided with LED catalysis light source, described gas circuit air inlet connects the gas circuit of display and control layer, gas circuit gas outlet connects the air inlet of taste source genetic horizon, described cloche inwall arranges spiral catalysis tooth sheet, the heat-conducting plate of heat conduction flaggy is longitudinally arranged on cloche center, spiral catalysis tooth sheet and horizontal plane angle are 30 °, described spiral catalysis tooth sheet scribbles Nano titanium dioxide photocatalyst, described spiral catalysis tooth sheet rising direction of rotation is consistent with fan direction of rotation.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, is characterized in that described LED catalysis light source radiating angle is 120 °, amounts to 3 layers, every layer of transverse direction 4, amount to 12, LED power is 1W, effective wavelength range 220-420nm, shadow surface covers whole interior catalyst gas circuit.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, it is characterized in that described taste source genetic horizon comprises the taste source generator and controller connected by gangbar, described taste source generator contacts with the heat-conducting plate of heat conduction flaggy, taste source in the heat heating taste source generator transmitted by heat-conducting plate, discharges the functional organic volatile in taste source and discharges from gas outlet layer with the air-flow in system; Described controller is connected with display and control layer, and control its work by display and control layer, controller controls taste source generator and opens and closes, when taste source is placed in air treatment system inside, taste source generator is opened and is contacted with heat-conducting system, when taste source is not placed in inside, taste source generator is closed and is separated with heat-conducting system, and heat conduction is passed to outside air treatment system by internal gas flow.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, it is characterized in that the taste source in described taste source generator is organic gas taste source, it can discharge the functional organic volatile included under heating state, described organic gas taste source is mosquito-dispelling tablet, plants essential oil sheet or spices sheet, give out function volatile matter, dispel mosquito, change IAQ, make people's spirit and QI cleaning.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, is characterized in that described display and control layer comprises display and control screen, gas circuit communication port, motor and display and control driver, wherein display and control shields temperature, humidity and the formaldehyde and TVOC content that can demonstrate the room air of Temperature Humidity Sensor and formaldehyde and TVOC sensor passes in gas-monitoring layer, gas circuit communication port connecting fan layer and light-catalyzed reaction layer, air-flow is entered the gas circuit air inlet of light-catalyzed reaction layer by gas circuit communication port through fans drive, motor is connected with the fan shaft of blower fan layer, for the rotation of drive fan, display and control driver connects the mass sensor in air inlet layer, LED catalysis light source in light-catalyzed reaction layer, display and control screen in display and control layer, motor, single-chip microcomputer and infrared receiver, fan in blower fan layer, heated at constant temperature net in active carbon layer, temperature sensor and formaldehyde and TVOC sensor, dust collecting electrode in electrostatic precipitator knoisphere and corona discharge electrode, Temperature Humidity Sensor in gas-monitoring layer, formaldehyde and TVOC sensor, be responsible for reception and the process of infrared signal and various sensing data, and the open and close of each equipment are controlled by sending instruction.
Described stacked intelligent air treatment system, is characterized in that: in described stacked structure, each functional layer is being used separate, and connected by thermal conductive wire, power line or data wire, this design is convenient to overhaul of the equipments and consumptive material and is upgraded; Described shell is by the stacked structure of complete covering internal; Described shell belongs to insulating materials, shell can be drawn various beautiful pattern, make whole system more attractive in appearance.
By adopting above-mentioned technology, compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
1) photocatalyst on the spiral catalysis tooth sheet in the present invention adopts spiral escalation structure, carrier panel and catalysis light at an angle, increase light reaction area, improve light source utilization rate; And photocatalyst catalysis light source is all using LED catalysis light source as wick, energy consumption cost is low, and the life-span reaches 100,000 hours, improves the term of validity of light-catalyzed reaction;
2) stacked structure that the present invention adopts makes each functional layer in system separate on structure and fuction, is convenient to overhaul of the equipments and consumptive material renewal; Indoor common contaminant and pathogen all concentrate in lower air usually in addition, and stacked structure can discharge after purified treatment in lower air from upper layer of air;
3) in the present invention by arranging electrostatic precipitator knoisphere, active carbon layer and light-catalyzed reaction layer, active carbon adsorption technology and Photocatalyst is adopted to act synergistically, relatively add photodegradative catalysis time, make the degraded of the organic gas such as formaldehyde and TVOC more thoroughly effectively, heated at constant temperature net is added in active carbon layer, avoid the manual operation of active carbon activation, easy and simple to handle, save time;
4) short wave ultraviolet light adopting LED light source to send in the present invention, except can catalysis light degradation reaction except, can also excite negative oxygen ion under catalyst action, the double action of ultraviolet high light and negative oxygen ion thoroughly can kill harmful organism or the anaphylactogen such as dirt mite, pathogen, pollen in gas;
5) taste source generator of the present invention utilizes Heat Conduction Material to collect heat, the organic gas such as mosquito repellent, plants essential oil taste source is added in taste source generator, by the taste source heating in right source generator, the functional volatile matter distributed is discharged through gas outlet with air-flow, energy-efficient, mosquito can be dispelled, change IAQ, make people's spirit and QI cleaning, the firing equipment of electric mosquito repellent or Perfuming machine can be substituted;
6) in the present invention for the different noxious volatile material in indoor and microorganism, design improves existing multiple indoor air cleaning facility, and they are organically gathered together, define a set of fairly perfect comprehensive indoor air purification treatment system, achieve Intelligent Measurement and control.Monitoring equipment in the present invention can measure the parameter level in the organic concentration of Common detrimental in room air, system in each functional layer accurately, then the phase of opening of all functions layer is regulated to close according to these parameters by master controller, thus effective reasonability and the science improving the use of these devices, not only can improve the purified treatment efficiency of system to air, the service life of prolongation system, also reduce the consumption of electric energy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is longitudinal perspective structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is longitudinal decomposition texture schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is taste source of the present invention genetic horizon plan structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is taste source of the present invention genetic horizon perspective structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is light-catalyzed reaction layer internal helicoid catalysis gas circuit perspective structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is light-catalyzed reaction layer plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is display and control layer plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is active carbon layer plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is electrostatic precipitator knoisphere plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 11 is gas-monitoring layer plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 12 is air inlet layer perspective structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 13 is fan layer plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the GC-MS spectrogram of air before function volatile matter uses;
Figure 15 is the GC-MS spectrogram of function volatile matter use air.
In figure: the layer of 1-gas outlet, 2-shell, 3-air inlet layer, 301-metal screen, 302-air inlet, 303-dust-collecting box, 304-mass sensor, 4-base, 5-taste source genetic horizon, 501-taste source generator, 502-gangbar, 503-controller, 6-light-catalyzed reaction layer, 601-cloche, 602-LED catalysis light source, 603-gas circuit gas outlet, 604-spiral catalysis tooth sheet, 605-gas circuit air inlet, 7-heat conduction flaggy, 8-display and control layer, 801-display and control shields, 802-gas circuit communication port, 803-motor, 804-display and control driver, 805-single-chip microcomputer, 806-infrared receiver, 9-blower fan layer, 901-fan, 902-fan shaft, 10-active carbon layer, 1001-heated at constant temperature net, 1002-temperature sensor, 1003-active carbon filler layer, 1004-formaldehyde and TVOC sensor I, 11-electrostatic precipitator knoisphere, 1101-dust collecting electrode, 1102-corona discharge electrode, 12-gas-monitoring layer, 1201-Temperature Humidity Sensor, 1202-support, 1203-formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is described in further detail, is used for explaining the present invention in this schematic enforcement of the present invention and explanation, but not as inappropriate limitation of the present invention.
As shown in figs. 1-12, the stacked intelligent air treatment system of one of the present invention is stacked structure, comprise base 4 and be arranged on the shell 2 on base 4, be provided with air inlet layer 3 bottom described shell 2, top is provided with gas outlet layer 1, stacked setting from bottom to up and by thermal conductive wire successively in shell 2, the gas-monitoring layer 12 that power line or data wire connect, electrostatic precipitator knoisphere 11, active carbon layer 10, blower fan layer 9, display and control layer 8, heat conduction flaggy 7, light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 and taste source genetic horizon 5, the heat-conducting plate of described heat conduction flaggy 7 adopts graphite heat conducting material, and heat conduction flaggy 7 connects fan 901, electrostatic precipitator knoisphere 11, LED catalysis light source 602 and single-chip microcomputer 805, as shown in figure 11, described gas-monitoring layer 12 comprises sensor group 1202, and sensor group 1202 is fixed by support 1201, and formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II 1203 are equipped with in gas-monitoring layer 12 center, Temperature Humidity Sensor 1201, sensor and display and control layer 8, light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 connects respectively, and by the signal transmission of collection in the digit chip of display and control layer 8, realizes display by single-chip microcomputer 805, store and send control signal, described gas-monitoring layer 12 for Real-Time Monitoring air quality, when content of formaldehyde is more than 0.08 mg m -3or TVOC content is more than 0.6mg m -3after, signal is passed to light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 by sensor, and light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 is automatically opened and processed air, when content of formaldehyde is lower than crossing 0.08 mg m -3and TVOC content is also lower than 0.6mg m -3after, light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 is closed, as shown in Figure 8, described display and control layer 8 comprises display and control screen 801, gas circuit communication port 802, motor 803 and display and control driver 804, display and control driver 804, connect the mass sensor 304 in air inlet layer 3, LED catalysis light source 602 in light-catalyzed reaction layer 6, display and control screen 801 in display and control layer 8, motor 803, single-chip microcomputer 805 and infrared receiver 806, fan 901 in blower fan layer 9, heated at constant temperature net 1001 in activated carbon filter layer 10, temperature sensor 1002, formaldehyde and TVOC sensor 1004, dust collecting electrode 1101 in electrostatic precipitator knoisphere 11 and corona discharge electrode 1102, Temperature Humidity Sensor 1201 in gas-monitoring layer 12, formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II 1203, be responsible for reception and the process of infrared signal and various sensing data, and the open and close of each equipment are controlled by sending instruction, in described taste source genetic horizon 5, taste source generator 501 is connected with heat conduction flaggy 7.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, described taste source genetic horizon 5 comprises the taste source generator 501 and controller 503 that are connected by gangbar 502, described taste source generator 501 is connected with the heat-conducting plate of heat conduction flaggy 7, taste source in the heat heating taste source generator 501 transmitted by heat-conducting plate, this taste source is organic gas taste source, as mosquito-driving liquid or plants essential oil, the functional organic volatile in odor source matter is discharged and discharges from gas outlet layer 1 with the air-flow in system; Described controller 503 is connected with display and control layer 8, and control its work by display and control layer 8, controller 503 controls taste source generator 501 and opens and closes, when being added with taste source in taste source genetic horizon 5, taste source generator 501 is opened and is contacted with heat-conducting system, when there is not taste source in taste source genetic horizon 5, taste source generator 501 is separated with heat-conducting system, and the heat of conduction is passed to outside air treatment system by internal gas flow.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, described light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 inside is spiral catalysis gas circuit, and air-flow is through fans drive spiral, be with on cloche 601 and cloche 601 outside described interior catalyst gas circuit, the metal partion (metp) of lower both sides, on, lower two metal partion (metp)s arrange gas circuit gas outlet 603 and gas circuit air inlet 605 respectively, cloche 601 outside is provided with LED catalysis light source 602, described LED catalysis light source 602 irradiating angle is 120 °, amount to 3 layers, every layer of transverse direction 4, amount to 12, LED power is 1W, effective wavelength range 220-420nm, shadow surface covers whole interior catalyst gas circuit, described gas circuit air inlet 605 connects the gas circuit of display and control layer 8, gas circuit gas outlet 603 connects the air inlet of taste source genetic horizon 5, described cloche 601 inwall arranges spiral catalysis tooth sheet 604, the heat-conducting plate of heat conduction flaggy 7 is longitudinally arranged on cloche 601 center, spiral catalysis tooth sheet 604 and horizontal plane angle are 30 °, described spiral catalysis tooth sheet 604 scribbles Nano titanium dioxide photocatalyst, described spiral catalysis tooth sheet 604 direction of rotation that rises is consistent with fan 901 direction of rotation.
As shown in Figure 9, described active carbon layer 10 is for the formaldehyde in absorbed air and TVOC, and slowly-releasing is to light-catalyzed reaction layer 6, in described active carbon layer 10, heated at constant temperature net 1001 is set, temperature sensor 1002 and active carbon filler layer 1003, its top is provided with formaldehyde and TVOC sensor I 1004, when content of formaldehyde in extraneous air more than 0.08 mg m-3 or TVOC content more than 0.6mg m-3 after, and with the concentration indifference of active carbon layer 10 top area after, heated at constant temperature net 1001 is opened, the active carbon of active carbon filler layer 1003 is carried out oven dry desorption, active carbon is made again to have adsorption function, drying course continues 2 hours, in drying course, light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 and blower fan layer 9 are opened, in drying course, temperature is 50-70 DEG C.
As shown in Figure 10; for PM2.5 dust in filtered air and first kill harmful microorganism; electrostatic precipitator knoisphere 11 comprises dust collecting electrode 1101 and corona discharge electrode 1102; the dust that corona discharge electrode 1102 adsorbs is trapped in dust collecting electrode 1101; dust collecting electrode 1101 communicates with the dust-collecting box 303 on air inlet layer 3, drops under gravity in dust-collecting box 303 after dust accumulation is many.
As shown in figure 12, described air inlet layer 3 comprises dust-collecting box 303 and is equipped with the metal screen 301 at dust-collecting box 303 top, the aperture of metal screen 301 is 3-4mm, bottom described dust-collecting box 303, mass sensor 304 is set, dust-collecting box 303 side arranges air inlet 302, described mass sensor 304 is for monitoring dust-collecting box 303 dust weight, and mass sensor 304 is connected with single-chip microcomputer, is cleaned according to mass sensor 304 collection signal by single-chip microcomputer to dust-collecting box 303.
As shown in the figure, using method of the present invention and the course of work as follows:
First, native system is placed on and needs in the room of purification of air, opening device after switching on power.
In whole system, air flowing is driven by the fan 901 of blower fan layer 9, motor 803 in display and control layer 8 drives the rotation of fan 901, air enters from the air inlet 302 of bottom air inlet layer 3, first through metal screen 301 by rubbish filtering larger for volume, as paper scrap and hair, then approach gas-monitoring layer 12, Temperature Humidity Sensor 1201 in monitor layer, monitoring parameter is passed in display and control layer 8 by formaldehyde and TVOC sensor, display and control screen 801 can demonstrate the temperature of indoor gas, humidity, content of formaldehyde and TVOC content, then the high-voltage electrostatic field that in electrostatic precipitator knoisphere 11, dust collecting electrode 1101 and corona discharge electrode 1102 are formed is entered, electrostatic field can by the particle in air, PM2.5 dust control, and preliminary kill harmful microorganism, charged dust can be gathered in dust collecting electrode 1101, then fall in dust-collecting box 303 below, dust accumulation amount in dust-collecting box 303 can be monitored by mass sensor 304, after dust-collecting box 303 is filled, display and control screen 801 can point out user to clear up, after air enters active carbon layer 10, harmful organic volatile compounds in air is as formaldehyde, the material such as toluene and TVOC, first adsorbed by active carbon filler 1003, when active carbon filler 1003 reach absorption saturated after again by absorption formaldehyde and TVOC slowly-releasing to blower fan layer 9, the formaldehyde in the formaldehyde at active carbon layer 10 top and TVOC sensor 1004 meeting this region of Real-Time Monitoring and TVOC content, when content of formaldehyde in extraneous air more than 0.08 mg m-3 or TVOC content more than 0.6mg m-3 after, and with the concentration indifference of active carbon layer 10 top area after, heated at constant temperature net 1001 is opened, active carbon filler 1003 is carried out oven dry desorption, it is made again to have adsorption function, drying course continues 2 hours, LED catalysis light source 602 in drying course in light-catalyzed reaction layer 6 and fan 901 are opened automatically, bake out temperature is between 50-70 DEG C, and by temperature sensor 1002 Real-Time Monitoring and be presented at display and control screen 801 on, when content of formaldehyde in extraneous air more than 0.08 mg m-3 or TVOC content more than 0.6mg m-3, but during concentration lower than active carbon layer 10 top area, illustrate that active carbon filler 1003 also possesses adsorption capacity, heated at constant temperature net 1001 is in closed condition, air passes through the gas circuit communication port 802 in display and control layer 8 under fan 901 drives, photo catalysis reactor layer 6 is entered by gas circuit air inlet 605, harmful organic volatile compounds in air is under the photocatalyst catalysis of LED catalysis light source 602 and spiral catalysis tooth sheet 604, photodissociation is moisture and carbon dioxide, remaining harmful microorganism is killed under action of ultraviolet light, purification of air is so far complete, air after purification enters taste source genetic horizon 5 by gas circuit gas outlet 603, after adding tasty source 504 in taste source generator 501, controller 503 can control gangbar 502, taste source generator is moved to central authorities to contact with heat conduction flaggy 7, after taste source generator 501 is heated, taste source 504 gives out functional volatile matter, be released in system outer air through gas outlet layer 1.In the present system, mode of operation can be divided into 3 kinds:
1) the first pattern belongs to manual mode, in this mode, except active carbon heated at constant temperature net 1001, in system, all functions parts are all opened, in this mode, system can carry out continual circularly purifying to the air of indoor, usually be applicable to the new home of just having fitted up, in this environment, harmful substance and the higher and pollution sources of dust concentration are also discharging endlessly, then in long-time room of living, also can regularly open this pattern, thoroughly kill indoor harmful microorganism;
2) the second pattern belongs to automatic mode, first system extracts a certain amount of air, the content of formaldehyde and TVOC in monitoring indoor gas, when content of formaldehyde more than 0.08 mg m-3 or TVOC content more than 0.6mg m-3 after, signal passed back by sensor, photo catalysis reactor is opened automatically, when content of formaldehyde lower than 0.08 mg m-3 and TVOC content lower than 0.6mg m-3 after, signal passed back by sensor, photo catalysis reactor is closed, in such a mode, system can adjust unlatching or the closedown of photo catalysis reactor automatically according to indoor environmental condition, other functional parts in system are still opened, be responsible for the abiotic class dust pollution thing of purification, even if containing a small amount of organic pollution in air, still can at cascade filtration layer by adsorption cleaning, this pattern is intended to energy saving, be applicable to a comparatively good habitat environment.
3) the third pattern belongs to remote control mode, in this mode, can by the electric power starting of this air treatment system of remote controller Long-distance Control and closedown, the open and close of each functional part in taste source generator, light-catalyzed reaction layer, active carbon layer and electrostatic precipitator knoisphere in control system, and the content that remote controller can demonstrate the humiture of system surrounding environment and internal system, formaldehyde and TVOC.
In the present invention, the design principle of light-catalyzed reaction layer is the impact that the resistance utilizing fluid in bending channel is subject to the factors such as the Interaction Force of air velocity, channel width, passage deflection angle, solid phase and gas phase, under optimum gas flow rate condition, relatively increase time of contact, the contact area of air-flow and photocatalyst, thus improve photocatalysis efficiency; The high-quality nano photocatalyst catalytic material adopted in the present invention is under the effect of ultraviolet light and visible ray, all can produce superoxide ion and hydroxy on the top layer of catalysis material and near space, organic matter in oxidation air makes it to be converted into carbon dioxide and water the most throughout one's life, the photocatalyst catalysis material common on the market of ratio, efficiency improves 40-60%; The LED light source shadow surface adopted in the present invention can cover whole catalysis gas circuit, and general power is 12W, and the life-span is 100,000 hours, decreases the trouble that plant maintenance and repairing cause.
Present invention employs stacked structure, each functional layer inner is in structure and use separate, connected by thermal conductive wire, power line or data wire, overhaul of the equipments and consumptive material only need to open shell when upgrading, the functional layer of correspondence is directly taken out and carries out operating, simple and easy, the organic gas such as mosquito repellent, plants essential oil taste source can be added in taste source generator, give out function volatile matter, further process room air, and these materials system deposit in case concentration also can not too high thus infringement health; Can add mosquito-dispelling tablet as dispelled mosquito, the volatile matter of release can walk quickly and keep away indoor mosquito; Add Rose Absolute, aromatics gas can be discharged, regulate indoor air quality, make people's spirit and QI cleaning; Also can add pure natural Chinese herbal medicine air purifying preparation class material, can human immunological competence be improved.
Embodiment 1: utilize this system purification formaldehyde and TVOC
In order to verify the purification function of native system to room air, applicant is at glass capsulation case (2.5 m in laboratory 3) in carried out the degradation experiment of formaldehyde and TVOC, and acquire 10 groups repeat test data results.In result display confined space, the content of formaldehyde in air and TVOC significantly reduces, and result is as shown in the table:
as can be drawn from Table 1, by intelligent air treatment system of the present invention, the content of formaldehyde in air and TVOC significantly reduces obvious reduction, and air obtains purification.
Embodiment 2: utilize this system sending-forth function volatile matter
In order to verify the emission capabilities of native system to function volatile matter, test is distributed in the heating that applicant has carried out function volatile matter in laboratory, determine the temperature in taste source capsule before and after system works, and the function volatile matter that system gives out is gathered and analyzed.As shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15, as can be seen from Figure 14 and Figure 15, the temperature in taste source capsule is respectively 28 DEG C and 57 DEG C to GC-MS analysis result before and after system starts, and the taste source solid adding tasty source capsule starts to discharge the volatile matter of variable concentrations in a heated condition.

Claims (10)

1. a stacked intelligent air treatment system, for stacked structure, comprise base (4) and be arranged on the shell (2) on base (4), described shell (2) bottom is provided with air inlet layer (3), top is provided with gas outlet layer (1), to it is characterized in that in described shell (2) stacked setting from bottom to up successively and by thermal conductive wire, the gas-monitoring layer (12) that power line or data wire connect, electrostatic precipitator knoisphere (11), active carbon layer (10), blower fan layer (9), display and control layer (8), heat conduction flaggy (7), light-catalyzed reaction layer (6) and taste source genetic horizon (5), the heat-conducting plate of described heat conduction flaggy (7) adopts graphite heat conducting material, and heat conduction flaggy (7) connects fan shaft (902), electrostatic precipitator knoisphere (11), LED catalysis light source (602) and display and control driver (804), described gas-monitoring layer (12) comprises Temperature Humidity Sensor (1201), formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II (1203), and fixed by support (1202), described air by air inlet layer (3) air inlet of bottom, successively through gas-monitoring layer (12), electrostatic precipitator knoisphere (11), active carbon layer (10), blower fan layer (9), display and control layer (8), heat conduction flaggy (7), light-catalyzed reaction layer (6) and taste source genetic horizon (5), the air after process is discharged from the gas outlet layer (1) at top.
2. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II (1203), Temperature Humidity Sensor (1201) are equipped with in described gas-monitoring layer (12) center, these sensors are connected respectively with display and control layer (8), light-catalyzed reaction layer (6), and by the signal transmission of collection in the digit chip of display and control layer (8), realize display by single-chip microcomputer (805), store and send control signal; Described gas-monitoring layer (12) Real-Time Monitoring air quality, when content of formaldehyde is more than 0.08 mg.m -3or TVOC content is more than 0.6mg.m -3after, TVOC sensor (1203) is by signal transmission to the LED catalysis light source (602) in light-catalyzed reaction layer (6), and LED catalysis light source (602) is automatically opened and processed air, when content of formaldehyde is lower than crossing 0.08 mg.m -3and TVOC content is also lower than 0.6mg.m -3after, LED catalysis light source (602) is closed.
3. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described air inlet layer (3) comprises dust-collecting box (303) and is equipped with the metal screen (301) at dust-collecting box (303) top, described dust-collecting box (303) bottom arranges mass sensor (304), dust-collecting box (303) side arranges air inlet (302), the aperture of metal screen (301) is 3-4mm, described mass sensor (304) is for monitoring dust-collecting box (303) dust weight, mass sensor (304) is connected with single-chip microcomputer (805), dust-collecting box (303) is cleaned according to mass sensor (304) collection signal by single-chip microcomputer (805).
4. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 3; it is characterized in that described electrostatic precipitator knoisphere (11) is for PM2.5 dust in filtered air and first kill harmful microorganism; electrostatic precipitator knoisphere (11) comprises dust collecting electrode (1101) and corona discharge electrode (1102); the dust that corona discharge electrode (1102) adsorbs is trapped in dust collecting electrode (1101); dust collecting electrode (1101) communicates with the dust-collecting box (303) on air inlet layer (3), drops under gravity in dust-collecting box (303) after dust accumulation is many.
5. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described active carbon layer (10) is for the formaldehyde in absorbed air and TVOC, and slowly-releasing is to light-catalyzed reaction layer (6), in described active carbon layer (10), heated at constant temperature net (1001) is set, temperature sensor (1002) and active carbon filler layer (1003), its top is provided with formaldehyde and TVOC sensor I (1004), when content of formaldehyde in extraneous air more than 0.08 mg m-3 or TVOC content more than 0.6mg m-3 after, and with the concentration indifference of active carbon layer (10) top area after, heated at constant temperature net (1001) is opened, active carbon filler in active carbon filler layer (1003) is carried out oven dry desorption, active carbon is made again to have adsorption function, drying course continues 2 hours, in drying course, light-catalyzed reaction layer (6) and blower fan layer (9) are opened, in drying course, temperature is 50-70 DEG C.
6. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described light-catalyzed reaction layer (6) inside is spiral catalysis gas circuit, air-flow is through fans drive spiral, be with on cloche (601) and cloche (601) outside described interior catalyst gas circuit, the metal partion (metp) of lower both sides, on, lower two metal partion (metp)s are arranged respectively gas circuit gas outlet (603) and gas circuit air inlet (605), cloche (601) outside is provided with LED catalysis light source (602), described gas circuit air inlet (605) connects the gas circuit of display and control layer (8), gas circuit gas outlet (603) connects the air inlet in taste source genetic horizon (5), described cloche (601) inwall arranges spiral catalysis tooth sheet (604), the heat-conducting plate of heat conduction flaggy (7) is longitudinally arranged on cloche (601) center, spiral catalysis tooth sheet (604) and horizontal plane angle are 30 °, described spiral catalysis tooth sheet (604) scribbles Nano titanium dioxide photocatalyst, described spiral catalysis tooth sheet (604) rising direction of rotation is consistent with fan (901) direction of rotation.
7. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 6, it is characterized in that described LED catalysis light source (602) irradiating angle is 120 °, amount to 3 layers, every layer of transverse direction 4, amount to 12, LED power is 1W, effective wavelength range 220-420nm, and shadow surface covers whole interior catalyst gas circuit.
8. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described taste source genetic horizon (5) comprises the taste source generator (501) and controller (503) connected by gangbar (502), described taste source generator (501) contacts with the heat-conducting plate of heat conduction flaggy (7), taste source in heat heating taste source generator (501) transmitted by heat-conducting plate, discharges the functional organic volatile in taste source and discharges from gas outlet layer (1) with the air-flow in system; Described controller (503) is connected with display and control layer (8), and control its work by display and control layer (8), controller (503) controls taste source generator (501) and opens and closes, when taste source is placed in air treatment system inside, taste source generator (501) is opened and is contacted with heat-conducting system, when taste source is not placed in inside, taste source generator (501) is closed and is separated with heat-conducting system, and heat conduction is passed to outside air treatment system by internal gas flow.
9. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 8, it is characterized in that the taste source in described taste source generator is organic gas taste source, it can discharge the functional organic volatile included under heating state, and described organic gas taste source is mosquito-dispelling tablet, plants essential oil sheet or spices sheet.
10. stacked intelligent air treatment system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described display and control layer (8) comprises display and control screen (801), gas circuit communication port (802), motor (803) and display and control driver (804), wherein display and control screen (801) can demonstrate the temperature of the room air that Temperature Humidity Sensor (1201) and formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II (1203) transmit in gas-monitoring layer (12), humidity and formaldehyde and TVOC content, gas circuit communication port (802) connecting fan layer (9) and light-catalyzed reaction layer (6), air-flow drives the gas circuit air inlet (605) being entered light-catalyzed reaction layer (6) by gas circuit communication port (802) through fan (901), motor (803) is connected, for the rotation of drive fan (901) with the fan shaft (902) of blower fan layer (9), display and control driver (804) connects the mass sensor (304) in air inlet layer (3), LED catalysis light source (602) in light-catalyzed reaction layer (6), display and control screen (801) in display and control layer (8), motor (803), single-chip microcomputer (805) and infrared receiver (806), fan (901) in blower fan layer (9), heated at constant temperature net (1001) in active carbon layer (10), temperature sensor (1002) and formaldehyde and TVOC sensor I (1004), dust collecting electrode (1101) in electrostatic precipitator knoisphere (11) and corona discharge electrode (1102), Temperature Humidity Sensor (1201) in gas-monitoring layer (12), formaldehyde and TVOC sensor II (1203), be responsible for reception and the process of infrared signal and various sensing data, and the open and close of each equipment are controlled by sending instruction.
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CN105126605A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-12-09 韦振彬 Formaldehyde purifying device
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CN108278691A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-13 常州大学 A kind of efficient nano photocatalytic indoor air purifier
CN108481633A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-09-04 杨建怀 A kind of environmentally friendly cooling device for rubber product process
TWI770977B (en) * 2021-04-30 2022-07-11 朱淑華 Smart diffuser negative ion air purifier
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CN106388708A (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-15 松下知识产权经营株式会社 Dust removing apparatus and notification method
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