CN104726225B - A kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky - Google Patents

A kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104726225B
CN104726225B CN201310693414.2A CN201310693414A CN104726225B CN 104726225 B CN104726225 B CN 104726225B CN 201310693414 A CN201310693414 A CN 201310693414A CN 104726225 B CN104726225 B CN 104726225B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
acidic cleaning
accompanied
surfactant
sticky
acid
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310693414.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104726225A (en
Inventor
齐丽云
包浩
方云
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Jiangnan University
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Jiangnan University
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Priority to CN201310693414.2A priority Critical patent/CN104726225B/en
Publication of CN104726225A publication Critical patent/CN104726225A/en
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Publication of CN104726225B publication Critical patent/CN104726225B/en
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Abstract

A kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky, component and mass percent are:Amphoteric surfactant α carboxyls alkyl dimethyl amine oxides 1% 5%, cationic surfactant long chain alkyl ammonium salt 0.5% 3%, nonionic surfactant fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether 1% 3%, acid cleaner 10% 20%, enzyme preparation 1% 3%, essence 0.5% 1%, surplus is water, amounts to 100%.The synergistic effect that acidic cleaning provided by the invention is only relied between surfactant can play the effect of thickening, in addition not add thickener, and preparing process is simple, production cost is relatively low, and product viscosity is big, convenient for being attached to the surface of solids, cleaning efficiency is high, and speed is fast, safe and reliable.

Description

A kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky
Technical field
The invention belongs to detergents and cosmetic technical fields, and in particular to a kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky.
Background technology
Detergent can be divided into liquid form product, creamy product and powder product.Liquid cleaning agent is because its manufacturing process is simple, removes Dirty efficiency is fast, easy to use, using more in life.At some Code in Hazardous Special Locations such as hard surfaces such as water closet pan, closestool, it is primarily present The dirts such as calcium soap, organic matter and iron rust, these dirt strong adsorptions, ingredient is special, and therefore, such liquid cleaner should be acid Product.At present, market liquid acidic cleaning product viscosity is very low, and cleaning agent and dirt are attached in vertical surface or inclined surface That the time is short, and retention amount is lacked, and cleaning performance is poor, causes the wasting of resources.Since product viscosity is too low, also there are Product transport processes In safety issue.
There are mainly three types of the methods reported in the literature at present that acidic cleaner can be used to thickening:Use dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid Compatibility can effectively thicken acid solution sodium by a certain percentage with nonylphenol polyoxyethylene ether;With long-chain alkyl amine oxide or two The mixture of methyl nutmeg amine oxide and chain alkyl trimethyl quaternary ammonium salt (the two ratio is respectively 1: 5 and 1: 1) can be effective Thickening;Polysaccharide compound (xanthans), colloidal state SiO2Addition also can effectively increase the viscosity of acid solution.But these sides Method there are it is apparent the defects of:It can be analyzed to Environmental Hormone Nonylphenol in nonylphenol polyoxyethylene ether natural environment, limited It uses;And traditional alkyl amine oxide is expensive, formulation cost is excessively high;Xanthans, the easy Precipitations of colloidal state SiO2.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one kind can meet environmental requirement, while have the accompanied with sticky of preferable cost performance again Acidic cleaning.α-carboxyl alkyl dimethyl amine oxides are added in formula, can be risen with other surfactant compounds To good thickening effect.At low cost by α-carboxyl alkyl dimethyl amine oxides of natural fatty acids, easily biology drops Solution, obtained detergent prepare simple and cost economy, possess moderately good viscosity, also have environmental protection, efficiently, cleaning performance The characteristics of good.
The acidic cleaning of the present invention, component are with mass percent:Amphoteric surfactant α-carboxyl chain alkyl Dimethyl amine 1%-5%, cationic surfactant long chain alkyl ammonium salt 0.5%-3%, nonionic surfactant Fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether 1%-3%, acid cleaner 10%-20%, enzyme preparation 1%-3%, essence 0.5%-1%, surplus are Water amounts to 100%.
The purpose of the present invention can reach by the following technical solutions:By proportioning by α-carboxyl long chain alkyl dimethyl oxygen Change amine and long chain alkyl ammonium salt to be dissolved in the water, stir 15 minutes, add in fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether, it is to be mixed uniformly after, Acid cleaner is added in, is stirred 30 minutes, then adds enzyme preparation and essence, the water for supplementing surplus stirs evenly.α-carboxyl is long Alkyl group dimethyl amine, a length of C of carbochain12~C18;Cationic surfactant is chain alkyl trimethylammonium bromide, length The one of which of alkyl group dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, long chain alkyl dimethyl Benzylphosphonium Bromide ammonium, a length of C of alkyl carbon chain12~ C16;Nonionic surfactant is one kind in aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (7) ether, aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (9) ether;Acid cleaner Select hydrochloric acid, oxalic acid, formic acid or phosphoric acid;Enzyme preparation selection lipase, amylase, protease or cellulase.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) α-carboxyl alkyl dimethyl amine oxides used in the present invention are a kind of new with amine oxide group Surfactant, avoiding using traditional long-chain alkyl amine oxide, can obtain the sticky acid clean that cheap, performance is stablized Agent.
(2) acidic cleaning preparing process of the invention is simple, and detergent can be attached to the surface of solids, and cleaning efficiency is high, Speed is fast, safe and reliable.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1 is furnished with the acidic cleaning of 3.5% α-carboxyl Dimethylnonylamine oxide
Material name Mass percentage (%) in formula
α-carboxyl nonyl dimethyl amine 3.5
Cetyl trimethylammonium bromide 1.5
Aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (7) ether 1
Hydrochloric acid (36%) 18
Amylase 1
Essence 0.5
Water It supplies to 100
Embodiment 2 is furnished with the acidic cleaning of 5% α-carboxyl undecyl dimethyl amine
Material name Mass percentage (%) in formula
α-carboxyl undecyl dimethyl amine 5
Cetyl trimethylammonium bromide 3
Aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (9) ether 3
Hydrochloric acid (36%) 20
Protease 3
Essence 1
Water It supplies to 100
Embodiment 3 is furnished with the acidic cleaning of 4.8% α-carboxytridecyl dimethyl amine
Embodiment 4 is furnished with the acidic cleaning of 4.2% α-carboxypentadecyl dimethyl amine
Material name Mass percentage (%) in formula
α-carboxypentadecyl dimethyl amine 4.2
Dodecyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride 1
Aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (9) ether 2
Oxalic acid 15
Protease 3
Essence 0.5
Water It supplies to 100
Embodiment 5 is furnished with the acidic cleaning of 1% α-carboxypentadecyl dimethyl amine
Material name Mass percentage (%) in formula
α-carboxypentadecyl dimethyl amine 1
Dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide 0.5
Aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (9) ether 2.5
Hydrochloric acid (36%) 15
Cellulase 2
Essence 1
Water It supplies to 100
Embodiment 6 is furnished with the acidic cleaning of 4% α-carboxyheptadecyl dimethyl amine
Material name Mass percentage (%) in formula
α-carboxyheptadecyl dimethyl amine 4
Dodecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium bromide 1.2
Aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (7) ether 1.5
Phosphoric acid (85%) 10
Amylase 1
Essence 0.5
Water It supplies to 100
Cleaning effect:
With reference to patent CN100487099C, by cleaning lime scale, the cleaning effect of acidic cleaning is evaluated.Tool Body operating method is:When the Dali stone ceramic tile 1 that cleaning and dry size are 800mm × 800mm × 30mm at 80 DEG C is small.Then It weighs to these bricks, is impregnated 10 seconds in 900mL test preparations, remove and stand 10 minutes.Then these are thoroughly cleaned Brick, when with towel and re-dry 1 is small at 80 DEG C.Then thoroughly cool down and weigh again, pass through meter of poor quality twice Calculate the loss proportion of lime scale.
The cleaning effect of embodiment such as following table:
Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 Embodiment 5 It is commercially available
Lime scale mass loss % 0.0052 0.0055 0.0104 0.01032 0.0191 0.052
Acidic cleaner of the present invention is compared with the wall built-up performance of commercial product:
The wall brick of 25 × 33cm is selected, surface keeps smooth (make liquid can streamlined flow), when recording 25 DEG C with stopwatch Sample flow time.Concrete operation method is as follows:Wall brick near vertical is put in desktop, draws 0.5 ± 0.01g sample drops in wall Brick one end records the time, when the sample flow wall brick other end, stops timing.
Example 1 and 1,2,3 result of the test of commercial product are as follows:
Sample Example 5 Embodiment 6 Commercially available 1 Commercially available 2 Commercially available 3
Residence time/s 465 505 30 80 65
Using the acidic cleaning cleaning closestool of the present invention, accomodation ground when hard surfaces, infiltration in 5-8 minute is only needed, It is rinsed again with clear water, you can reach preferable cleannes.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky, component presses following mass percentage composition:α-carboxyl long chain alkyl dimethyl Amine oxide surfactant 1%-5%, cationic surfactant long chain alkyl ammonium salt 0.5%-3%, non-ionic surface are lived Property agent fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether 1%-3%, acid cleaner 10%-20%, enzyme preparation 1%-3%, essence 0.5%-1% are remaining It measures as water, amounts to 100%.
2. the acidic cleaning of a kind of accompanied with sticky according to claim 1, which is characterized in that contain α-carboxylic in the component Base long linear alkyl dimethyl amine oxide surfactant, carbon chain length C12~C18, content is not less than 1%.
A kind of 3. acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cation surface activating Agent is quaternary surfactant, i.e. chain alkyl trimethyl quaternary ammonium salt or long chain alkyl dimethyl benzyl quaternary ammonium salt, carbon chain length For C12~C16
4. a kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, nonionic surfactant is fat One kind in fat alcohol polyoxyethylene (7) ether, aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy (9) ether.
5. a kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, acid cleaner selection hydrochloric acid, grass Acid, formic acid or phosphoric acid.
6. a kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, enzyme preparation selection amylase, egg White enzyme or cellulase.
CN201310693414.2A 2013-12-18 2013-12-18 A kind of acidic cleaning of accompanied with sticky Expired - Fee Related CN104726225B (en)

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CN104726225B true CN104726225B (en) 2018-05-18

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107034475B (en) * 2017-05-05 2019-06-18 奎克化学(中国)有限公司 A kind of super-pressure spray cleaning agent and its preparation method and application
CN107929168A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-04-20 江南大学 A kind of moisturizing betaplex gentle cleansing milk
CN108948896A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-12-07 张顺林 A kind of metope interfacial agents and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0060710A1 (en) * 1981-03-17 1982-09-22 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Liquid detergent compositions containing alpha-amine oxide surfactants
US4359413A (en) * 1981-03-17 1982-11-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Solid detergent compositions containing alpha-amine oxide surfactants
CN1354243A (en) * 2000-11-22 2002-06-19 上海白猫有限公司 Preparation method of liquid toilet pan cleaning agent

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0060710A1 (en) * 1981-03-17 1982-09-22 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Liquid detergent compositions containing alpha-amine oxide surfactants
US4359413A (en) * 1981-03-17 1982-11-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Solid detergent compositions containing alpha-amine oxide surfactants
CN1354243A (en) * 2000-11-22 2002-06-19 上海白猫有限公司 Preparation method of liquid toilet pan cleaning agent

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
天然脂肪酸衍生的α-羧基长链烷基氧化胺的性能研究;胡瑜、齐丽云等;《新技术新产品》;20120615(第6期);第43-45页 *

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