CN104723144B - Clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling - Google Patents

Clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104723144B
CN104723144B CN201510164519.8A CN201510164519A CN104723144B CN 104723144 B CN104723144 B CN 104723144B CN 201510164519 A CN201510164519 A CN 201510164519A CN 104723144 B CN104723144 B CN 104723144B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
screw
fixed
fixture block
bar
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510164519.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104723144A (en
Inventor
乔阳
张浩波
郭培全
王守仁
Original Assignee
济南大学
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 济南大学 filed Critical 济南大学
Priority to CN201510164519.8A priority Critical patent/CN104723144B/en
Publication of CN104723144A publication Critical patent/CN104723144A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104723144B publication Critical patent/CN104723144B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/04Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part adjustable in inclination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • B23Q3/064Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material for holding elongated workpieces, e.g. pipes, bars or profiles

Abstract

The invention provides a clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling, and relates to the technical field of clamping tools. The clamping device is used for solving the problem that when non-radial hole machining is conducted on bars, the bars are inconvenient to clamp. A pair of guide rails are arranged at the top of a base. A right clamping assembly is arranged at the right ends of the two guide rails, and a left clamping assembly is installed on the left sides of the two guide rails in a sliding mode. The left clamping assembly comprises supports, an upper cross beam is arranged at the tops of the supports, an upper clamping block is arranged below the upper cross beam, and a first lifting mechanism is arranged between the upper cross beam and the upper clamping block. A lower cross beam connected with the supports in a sliding mode is arranged below the upper clamping block, a lower clamping block is arranged on the lower cross beam, and a second lifting mechanism is arranged between the lower cross beam and the supports. A threaded rod is fixed to the bottoms of the supports, one sliding block is provided with a shell, and a transmission mechanism for driving the threaded rod to rotate is arranged between the shell and the threaded rod. A guide sleeve positioning assembly is arranged between the left clamping assembly and the right clamping assembly. The device can clamp the bars and guarantee drilling efficiency.

Description

A kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing
Technical field
The present invention relates to clamping tooling technical field, specifically a kind of folder for bar non-radial hole drilling processing Hold device.
Background technology
For bar, it is carried out holing is common machining operation.Boring includes radial hole, axial hole and non- Radial hole, on general lathe, cutter is all vertical placement or horizontal positioned.But, when boring non-radial hole, need to protect Hold the relative tilt of cutter and bar.On lathe, it is more complicated for making cutter be in heeling condition, and cutter is in fortune Dynamic state, keeps the inclination difficulty of cutter larger.Therefore, make bar be in heeling condition to can be very good to ensure non-radial hole Processing, and it is badly in need of a kind of clamping device for bar is carried out with Non-radial holes.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing, right for solving When bar carries out Non-radial holes, bar grips the problem of inconvenience.
The present invention solves its technical problem and is adopted the technical scheme that: a kind of for bar non-radial hole drilling processing Clamping device, is characterized in that, including base, guide rail, fixed block, slide block, left clamping assembly, right clamping assembly and fairlead positioning Assembly, is provided with a pair of parallel guide rail at the top of described base, is respectively equipped with a fixed block in the right-hand member of guide rail described in two, Fixed block described in two is provided with right clamping assembly;It is slidably installed respectively a slide block in the left side of guide rail described in two, synchronous dynamic two It is provided with, between the described slide block made and base, the translational drive mechanism driving slide block to move back and forth, a left side is provided with slide block described in two Clamping assembly, described left clamping assembly is identical with right clamping assembly structure composition;
Described left clamping assembly includes support, entablature, sill, upper fixture block, lower fixture block and screw rod, in described support Top is provided with entablature, is provided with a upper fixture block in the lower section of described entablature, is provided with drive between described entablature and upper fixture block First elevating mechanism of dynamic upper fixture block lifting;It is provided with sill in the lower section of described upper fixture block, described sill and bracket slide Connect, the lower fixture block with upper fixture block mating reaction is provided with described sill, between described sill and support, is provided with drive Second elevating mechanism of dynamic sill lifting;Fix a screw rod in the bottom of described support, the two ends of described screw rod rotate respectively It is arranged on two slide blocks, described in one, slide block is provided with housing wherein, be provided with drive screw between described housing and screw rod and turn Dynamic drive mechanism, the worm gear that described drive mechanism includes being fixed on screw rod engages the worm screw coordinating with worm gear and worm screw is common The driven wheel of differential of axle setting, the drive bevel gear being rotatably installed on housing and the 5th handss being fixed on driving tapered gear shaft Handle, is provided with angle dial on the housing, is provided with lock-screw between described housing and drive mechanism;
It is provided with fairlead locating assembly between left clamping assembly and right clamping assembly, described fairlead locating assembly includes The column being fixed on base, the installing plate being slidably mounted on column, setting fairlead on a mounting board and be arranged on peace Locking mechanism between dress plate and column, is provided with the circular hole communicating with fairlead on described installing plate.
Further, the feed screw nut that described translational drive mechanism includes being arranged between two slide blocks is joined with feed screw nut The first leading screw closing and the first handle being fixed on the first leading screw drive end, described first leading screw is connected with base rotation.
Further, described first elevating mechanism includes being fixed on the rotation nut of entablature and rotates nut screw connection Second leading screw and the 3rd handle being fixed on rotation nut, described upper fixture block is fixed on the bottom of the second leading screw.
Further, described second elevating mechanism include with sill screw thread cooperation the 3rd leading screw, be fixed on the 3rd The worm gear at thick stick top engage with worm gear cooperation worm screw and the 4th handle being fixed on worm shaft, described 3rd leading screw with Frame rotates and connects.
Further, described locking mechanism includes fixing stud on a mounting board and the second handle with stud cooperation.
Further, described support is two being oppositely arranged, and described 3rd leading screw is separately positioned on two stands for two On, the coaxial setting of two worm screws with the worm gear on the 3rd leading screw described in two.
Further, the effect end of described upper fixture block and lower fixture block is v shape.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of clamping dress for bar non-radial hole drilling processing that the present invention provides Put, the two ends of bar are clamped in respectively in the left clamping assembly and right clamping assembly being obliquely installed, left and right clamping the inclining of assembly Tiltedly realized by turning handle, the holding at left and right clamping assembly angle of inclination is realized by lock-screw, is arranged on left and right folder The fairlead locating assembly held between assembly provides guiding for the boring of cutter.The present invention can conveniently realize the clamping to bar, And make bar keep heeling condition, be conducive to gripping and holing of bar, and can guarantee that the efficiency of boring.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the graphics of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the graphics of left clamping assembly;
Fig. 3 is the cooperation graphics of base and guide rail;
Fig. 4 is fairlead locating assembly graphics;
In figure: 1 base, 11 guide rails, 12 fixed blocks, 13 slide blocks, 14 feed screw nuts, 15 first leading screws, 16 first handles, 17 Support base, 2 right clamping assemblies, 3 left clamping assemblies, 4 fairlead locating assemblies, 41 columns, 42 slideways, 43 installing plates, 44 guiding Set, 45 second handles, 51 supports, 52 entablatures, 53 second leading screws, 54 the 3rd handles, 55 sills, 56 connecting shafts, 57 worm gears, 58 worm screws, 59 the 4th handles, 60 the 3rd leading screws, 6 screw rods, 61 upper fixture blocks, 62 lower fixture blocks, 63 housings, 64 the 5th handles, 65 lockings Screw.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the present invention always includes base 1, right clamping assembly 2, left clamping assembly 3 and fairlead positioning Become 4, present invention is described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 3, base 1 is the matrix of this clamping device, it is arranged on lathe by bolt.Set at the top of base There are two parallel guide rails 11, be respectively equipped with a fixed block 12 in the right-hand member of two guide rails, be slidably installed respectively in the left end of two guide rails One slide block 13, is provided with right clamping assembly 2 on two fixed blocks.It is provided with a feed screw nut 14 between two slide blocks, feed screw nut Two ends are separately fixed on slide block, are provided with left clamping assembly 3 on two slide blocks and feed screw nut.For driving the shifting of feed screw nut Dynamic, support base 17 is provided with base, support base is rotatablely equipped with the first leading screw 15, the first leading screw and feed screw nut are joined Close, be provided with first handle 16 in the drive end of the first leading screw, rotate the rotation that first handle drives the first leading screw, and then realize silk The movement of thick stick nut.First leading screw and feed screw nut, first handle constitute translational drive mechanism.Also a connecting plate can be passed through will Two slide blocks are fixed together, and arrange cylinder, to drive the movement of feed screw nut between connecting plate and base.
As shown in Fig. 2 left clamping assembly 3 includes support 51, entablature 52, the second leading screw 53, the 3rd handle 54, sill 55th, connecting shaft 56, worm gear 57, worm screw 58, the 4th handle 59, the 3rd leading screw 60, screw rod 6, upper fixture block 61, lower fixture block 62, housing 63rd, the 5th handle 64 and lock-screw 65, support 51 is two being oppositely arranged, and is provided with entablature 52 at the top of two stands, Two stands are fixed together by one side entablature, and on the other hand, entablature is installing component, rotate peace on entablature Fill a rotation nut, one second leading screw 53 is installed in cooperation in rotation nut, is installed with folder in the bottom of the second leading screw Block 61, is fixed with the 3rd handle 54, to drive the rotation of rotation nut on rotation nut.Rotation nut, the second leading screw and the Three handles constitute the first lift assembly.It is provided with chute in the inner side of two stands, be slidably installed in chute a sill 55, under The two ends of crossbeam extend in chute, and sill can move up and down in chute.Lower fixture block 62 is installed with sill, Lower fixture block and upper fixture block cooperation clamping bar, and the effect end of upper and lower fixture block is v shape.For drive sill lifting, under Crossbeam be respectively arranged at two ends with screwed hole, be respectively cooperating with being provided with the 3rd leading screw 60 in two screwed holes, every one the 3rd leading screw Upper end is rotatably installed in the top of support.The cooperation of the 3rd leading screw and sill is equivalent to the cooperation of feed screw nut, at the 3rd The top of thick stick fixedly mounts a worm gear 57, rotates at the top of each base and installs a worm screw 58, the worm gear of worm screw and corresponding side Engagement cooperation, for make two the 3rd leading screws in the same direction, synchronous axial system, to realize the steady lifting of sill, two worm screws pass through level The connecting shaft 56 placed is fixed together, and the model of two pairs of worm and gears is identical.And it is fixing on a worm shaft wherein 4th handle 59 is installed, to drive the synchronous axial system of two worm screws.When rotating three handles, the lifting of upper fixture block can be driven, When rotating four handles, the lifting of lower fixture block can be driven.3rd leading screw, worm gear, worm screw and the 4th handle constitute second liter Fall assembly.It is provided with a screw rod 6 between the bottom of two stands, the two ends of screw rod are separately fixed at the bottom of support, wherein one Fixed block is provided with a housing 63, and one end of screw rod is worn in the housing, is provided with drive mechanism, driver between housing and screw rod The outfan of structure is connected with screw rod, and the input shaft of drive mechanism stretches out housing and the input in drive mechanism is provided with the 5th handle 64.Worm screw that the worm gear that drive mechanism can include being fixed on screw rod is connected with housing into rotation, be fixed on worm shaft from Dynamic bevel gear and the drive bevel gear being fixed on transmission input shaft, the self-locking performance of worm and gear also ensures that screw rod will not Voluntarily rotate.Lock-screw 65 is additionally provided with housing, lock-screw withstands in drive bevel gear, prevents drive bevel gear voluntarily Rotate.Drive mechanism can also be made up of three bevel gears, and wherein first bevel gear is fixed on screw rod, the 3rd bevel gear By the 5th handle drives, second bevel gear is located between first, third hand tap gear, and equally arranges lock-screw, prevents spiral shell The voluntarily rotation of bar.Graduated disc is provided with housing, the angle value on graduated disc can show the angle of riding.
As shown in figure 1, right clamping assembly 2 is identical with left clamping assembly 3 composition structure, right clamping assembly is arranged on base Right side, left clamping assembly is arranged on the left side of base.During use, left and right clamping assembly clamps the two ends of bar respectively.
Fairlead locating assembly is arranged between left and right clamping assembly, as shown in figure 4, fairlead locating assembly includes standing Post 41, slideway 42, installing plate 43, fairlead 44 and second handle 45, column is fixed on base, is provided with slideway on column 42, slideway is slidably fitted with installing plate 43, installing plate 43 can slide up and down, and is provided with fairlead 44 on a mounting board, is leading Installing plate to set lower section is provided with the circular hole being connected with fairlead.It is provided with a stud on a mounting board, stud coordinates Second handle 45 is installed, installing plate is slided into behind suitable position, rotation second handle makes second handle be squeezed in column On, being relatively fixed of achievable installing plate, to facilitate cutter to pass through fairlead to punch.
When carrying out non-radial punching, second handle is driven to rotate so that left clamping assembly is identical with the rotation of right clamping assembly Angle, the two ends of bar are individually placed to adjust respectively the height of upper lower fixture block in left and right clamping assembly in left and right clamping assembly Degree, to adapt to the needs holed.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing, is characterized in that, including base, guide rail, fixed block, cunning Block, left clamping assembly, right clamping assembly and fairlead locating assembly, are provided with a pair of parallel guide rail at the top of described base, It is respectively equipped with a fixed block in the right-hand member of guide rail described in two, right clamping assembly is provided with fixed block described in two;Leading described in two The left side of rail is slidably installed a slide block respectively, is provided with driving slide block and back and forth moves between the described slide block and base of two synchronization actions Dynamic translational drive mechanism, is provided with left clamping assembly, described left clamping assembly and right clamping assembly structure on slide block described in two Composition is identical;
Described left clamping assembly includes support, entablature, sill, upper fixture block, lower fixture block and screw rod, at the top of described support It is provided with entablature, is provided with a upper fixture block in the lower section of described entablature, be provided with driving between described entablature and upper fixture block First elevating mechanism of fixture block lifting;It is provided with sill in the lower section of described upper fixture block, described sill is connected with bracket slide, Lower fixture block with upper fixture block mating reaction is provided with described sill, is provided with driving horizontal between described sill and support Second elevating mechanism of beam lifting;Fix a screw rod in the bottom of described support, the two ends of described screw rod are rotatably installed in respectively On two slide blocks, described in one, slide block is provided with housing wherein, is provided with the biography of drive screw turns between described housing and screw rod Motivation structure, described drive mechanism includes the worm screw setting coaxial with worm screw of the worm gear and worm gear engagement cooperation being fixed on screw rod Driven wheel of differential, the drive bevel gear being rotatably installed on housing and the 5th handle being fixed on driving tapered gear shaft, Described housing is provided with angle dial, is provided with lock-screw between described housing and drive mechanism;
It is provided with fairlead locating assembly between left clamping assembly and right clamping assembly, described fairlead locating assembly includes fixing In the column on base, the installing plate being slidably mounted on column, fairlead on a mounting board is set and is arranged on installing plate Locking mechanism and column between, is provided with the circular hole communicating with fairlead on described installing plate.
2. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Translational drive mechanism includes the first leading screw of the feed screw nut being arranged between two slide blocks and feed screw nut cooperation and is fixed on the The first handle of one leading screw drive end, described first leading screw is connected with base rotation.
3. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described First elevating mechanism includes the second leading screw of the rotation nut being fixed in entablature and rotation nut screw connection and is fixed on rotation The 3rd handle on nut, described upper fixture block is fixed on the bottom of the second leading screw.
4. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Second elevating mechanism include with the 3rd leading screw of sill screw thread cooperation, be fixed on the worm gear at the 3rd leading screw top and worm gear is nibbled The worm screw closing cooperation and the 4th handle being fixed on worm shaft, described 3rd leading screw is connected with holder pivots.
5. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Locking mechanism includes fixing stud on a mounting board and the second handle with stud cooperation.
6. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described Support is two being oppositely arranged, and described 3rd leading screw is separately positioned on two stands for two, on the 3rd leading screw described in two Worm gear the coaxial setting of two worm screws.
7. a kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described The effect end of upper fixture block and lower fixture block is v shape.
CN201510164519.8A 2015-04-09 2015-04-09 Clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling CN104723144B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510164519.8A CN104723144B (en) 2015-04-09 2015-04-09 Clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510164519.8A CN104723144B (en) 2015-04-09 2015-04-09 Clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling

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CN104723144B true CN104723144B (en) 2017-01-25

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CN105127792B (en) * 2015-09-21 2018-05-08 大连理工大学 For boring the special fixture of Milling Process carbon fibre composite
GB201608271D0 (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-06-22 Soletanche Freyssinet S A S A device for retaining a pipe in a pipe cutting process and method of using the same
CN105690131A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-06-22 陈功 Clamp used for drilling machine
GB2550361B (en) * 2016-05-16 2019-12-04 Olicana Products Ltd Short stroke rapid closing clamp
CN109595420A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-04-09 汪淳 A kind of water pipe wrapping robot

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60141445A (en) * 1983-12-27 1985-07-26 Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo Kk Working positioning jig for spinning nozzle
CN203371296U (en) * 2013-06-29 2014-01-01 西北矿冶研究院 Clamp special for drilling machine
CN203993224U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-12-10 湖北三环锻造有限公司 Variable-angle hole processing clamp device
CN104368847A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-02-25 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Cylinder body inclined hole machining cutter clamp and method thereof
CN104400499A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-03-11 济南大学 Novel drill jig for processing radial hole of bar
CN204565692U (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-08-19 济南大学 A kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60141445A (en) * 1983-12-27 1985-07-26 Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo Kk Working positioning jig for spinning nozzle
CN203371296U (en) * 2013-06-29 2014-01-01 西北矿冶研究院 Clamp special for drilling machine
CN203993224U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-12-10 湖北三环锻造有限公司 Variable-angle hole processing clamp device
CN104368847A (en) * 2014-11-07 2015-02-25 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Cylinder body inclined hole machining cutter clamp and method thereof
CN104400499A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-03-11 济南大学 Novel drill jig for processing radial hole of bar
CN204565692U (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-08-19 济南大学 A kind of clamping device for bar non-radial hole drilling processing

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Inventor after: Qiao Yang

Inventor after: Zhang Haobo

Inventor after: Guo Peiquan

Inventor after: Wang Shouren

Inventor before: Zhang Haobo

Inventor before: Sun Jianqiang

Inventor before: Niu Jintao

Inventor before: Xiao Jijun

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