A kind of fully automatic high-speed perforating press
The present invention relates to a kind of punching apparatus, be specifically related to a kind of can the fully automatic high-speed perforating press of multi-faceted punching.
In commercial production, punching is common operation.Along with the development of technology, the optimization of structure, punching apparatus is in addition to punching function, have also combined automatic charging, automatic discharging, and the function such as simultaneously multiple directions punching, such as the complete motor-driven feeding puncher of Patent No. 201320876264.4, it is our company's achievement that punching apparatus is improved.On the basis of meeting functional requirement, punching apparatus also needs to optimize further, to meet higher job requirements, such as production efficiency, how to improve punching speed, or even the speed of whole punch process；Such as punching quality, how to ensure the accuracy of punching position, improve product quality；And for example, multi-faceted punching, owing to tubing position in the product is different, the position in hole is inevitable different, and how same equipment could meet the requirement of different structure to greatest extent；The even requirement to working environment, reduces the noise etc. in operation process the most to greatest extent.
Summary of the invention
Present invention is generally directed to existing punching apparatus have that location is inaccurate, the speed of service is low, feeding and the big shortcoming of discharging noise, invent a kind of fully automatic high-speed high-speed punch machine, the feeding device of this perforating press combines hoistable platform and the principle of linkage swing, effectively reduces noise during feeding；This perforating press traction apparatus uses the mode of tandem docking, it is possible to quickly move back and forth tubing；The hole punched device of this perforating press is divided into vertical punching and horizontal punching, and can be used in combination as required or be used alone in actual motion, and the scope of application is wider；The device for discharging of this perforating press, combines with hole punched device, simple in construction, operates rapid and convenient.
The present invention above-mentioned technical problem is that and be carried out by the following technical programs: a kind of fully automatic high-speed perforating press, including frame, the feeding device for placing tubing it is provided with, for moving the traction apparatus of tubing, for the hole punched device of punching, for exporting the device for discharging of tubing in frame, it is characterised in that: described feeding device includes liftable material loading platform, is arranged on the material toggling assembly above material loading platform.The main body of feeding device is a framework placing tubing, and liftable material loading platform can drive tubing to rise, and tubing rises to certain altitude, if height is beyond framework, then utilizes material toggling assembly to be released by tubing.
Described traction apparatus includes passage assembly and the clip type translation assembly of tandem docking, and wherein, passage assembly is arranged on the front portion of frame, for back and forth elapsing tubing, including push pedal and the actuator A of driving push pedal translation；And clip type translation assembly is arranged on the rear portion of frame, for clamping and back and forth elapsing tubing；Described clip type translation assembly includes the clip claw assembly for clamping tubing, for driving the actuator B of clip claw assembly alternating translational, wherein, clip claw assembly includes some mobilizable fixture blocks, supports the cylinder of fixture block, is arranged on around fixture block and can make fixture block to produce the auxiliary member of clamping and loosening up.Passage assembly and clip claw assembly are held before and after laying respectively at frame, and tubing moves back and forth between, completes punching operation.
Described hole punched device includes the vertical hole punched device for the vertical hole of drill, the horizontal punching device for drill transverse holes, wherein, vertically hole punched device is between passage assembly and clip type translation assembly, including the perforating press A being vertically oriented to, is arranged on below perforating press A and for positioning the positioning component of tubing；Described positioning component includes being arranged on the positioning pipe below perforating press A, and positioning pipe is provided with some through holes, and through hole aligns one by one with the percussion bit of perforating press A.
Described horizontal punching device is positioned at the front of vertical hole punched device, the lower section of described passage assembly, including some perforating press B horizontally toward, for supporting the bracing frame of tubing, for controlling the actuator C of bracing frame elevating movement, for controlling the actuator D of bracing frame horizontal movement.
Described device for discharging is arranged in horizontal punching device, and including some strippers, stripper and bracing frame horizontal alignment, stripper one end is flexibly connected with frame by bearing and rotating shaft, and the other end of stripper is provided with downwardly projecting hook.
As preferably, the lower section of described material loading platform is provided with the actuator E for driving material loading platform oscilaltion；Described material toggling assembly includes by the hinged linkage constituted of some rod members, and for driving this linkage to carry out the actuator F of teeter.
As preferably, in described positioning component, the end of positioning pipe is provided with hole, location, is provided with in the lower end of vertical perforating press A and percussion bit location bar side by side meanwhile, and this location bar aligns with hole, described location；The both sides of described positioning pipe are additionally provided with the limited part limiting tubing teeter, and described limited part is that several can the cylinder of rotation.
In above-mentioned positioning component, the diameter in hole, location is slightly larger than the diameter of location bar, and to ensure that location bar can be through positioning in hole, the diameter of through hole is slightly larger than the diameter of percussion bit, to ensure that percussion bit can pass through hole.It is hollow due to tubing mostly, and the length and width of positioning pipe cross section or diameter are slightly less than tubing cross section, so tubing can be enclosed within positioning pipe, such location mode is more firm, meanwhile, positioning pipe adding hole, location and through hole, hole, location is corresponding with location bar and percussion bit respectively with through hole, tubing is positioned by this positioning component from all directions, improves the accuracy of location.
As preferably, in described horizontal punching device, being provided with and percussion bit buffer bar side by side, buffer bar upper ring cap spring between two adjacent horizontal punching machine B, buffer bar is by bearing block and spring is telescopic is connected to frame.Elastic buffer bar ensure that the balance of power in punch process, reduces the damage to percussion bit, it is ensured that punching quality.
As preferably, in described horizontal punching device, bracing frame includes the gripper shoe of the level that the vertical pressing plate that substrate is connected is connected with pressing plate with substrate, wherein, substrate is fixed with some horizontally toward push away cylinder, the expansion link pushing away cylinder is connected to pressing plate；Be provided with in frame, near the position of substrate some be vertically oriented to push away cylinder, the expansion link pushing away cylinder is connected with substrate.
As preferably, position corresponding with stripper on described pressing plate is provided with recessed groove.
As preferably, described stripper and the junction of frame, it is additionally provided with the limited block for limiting stripper rotation direction.
As preferably, in described clip claw assembly, one end of cylinder is hollow body, and this end is symmetrically arranged with two for the mounting groove disposing fixture block, each mounting groove arranges a fixture block, one end of fixture block is flexibly connected with cylinder formation by bearing pin, spring, ball, and the other end of fixture block is the chuck protruded, and chuck contacts with tubing.
As preferably, in described clip claw assembly, one end of cylinder is hollow body, and this end circumferentially uniform intervals is provided with at least three for disposing the mounting groove of fixture block, each mounting groove arranges a fixture block, one end of fixture block is flexibly connected with cylinder formation by bearing pin, spring, ball, and the other end of fixture block is arranged to the chuck protruded, and chuck contacts with tubing.
The action of above-mentioned clip claw assembly simulation paw; it is crucial that the connected mode of the shape of fixture block and fixture block and main body; coordinate the auxiliary member contention effect to fixture block again; make fixture block have to center and draw close or to the action of external diffusion; the action i.e. clamped and loosen; just can reach to oppress the effect of fixture block owing to auxiliary member only need to move a small distance under the effect pushing away cylinder, so the clamping of fixture block and loosening up can be switched fast, and clamp during tubing the most firm.
In sum, the present invention compared with prior art has the advantage that
The feeding device of the present invention combines hoistable platform and the principle of linkage swing, tubing is promoted by hoistable platform, and linkage carries out material toggling by swing, the height overall due to feeding device is the most parallel with bracket height, then during feeding, difference in height is the least, and tubing falls also to produce the biggest noise；Meanwhile, this feeding device is the most movable, is connected without fixing with between frame, can be independent of whole body, it is simple to place or add tubing.
The traction apparatus of the present invention uses the mode of tandem docking, can quickly move back and forth tubing, wherein, the action of clip claw assembly simulation paw, firmly clamps tubing, it is possible to complete clamping and the action loosened, and both can be switched fast, clip type assembly coordinates before and after passage assembly, it is achieved that tubing the most quickly moves, and is conducive to improving working performance.
The hole punched device of the present invention is divided into vertical punching and horizontal punching, and in actual motion, vertical punching and horizontal punching can be used in combination as required, or be used alone, it is possible to adapt to different technological requirements, and the scope of application is wider；Having positioning component in the vertical hole punched device of the present invention, the positioning pipe of level, vertical hole, location, location bar are combined by this positioning component, are vertically and horizontally positioning tubing, it is ensured that the degree of accuracy in hole simultaneously, are being conducive to improving product quality；In the horizontal punching device of the present invention, being provided with and percussion bit buffer bar side by side, buffer bar utilizes spring to form elastic telescopic, it is ensured that the balance of power during horizontal punching, reduces the damage to percussion bit, it is ensured that punching quality, is conducive to improving product quality.
The device for discharging of the present invention, its main body is the foolproof stripper of structure, when stripper combines with hole punched device, has then reached the purpose of quickly discharging material.
Compared with the perforating press that our company is conventional, faster, working performance is higher, and punching quality is more preferable for overall operation speed of the present invention, additionally it is possible to adapting to different process requirement, the noise during punching operation is substantially reduced.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the structure schematic diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of feeding device of the present invention；
Fig. 4 is the passage modular construction schematic diagram in traction apparatus of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is the clip type translation modular construction schematic diagram in traction apparatus of the present invention；
Fig. 6 is the partial cutaway figure of clip claw assembly in Fig. 5；
Fig. 7 is the positioning component structural representation in the vertical hole punched device of the present invention；
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of horizontal punching device of the present invention；
Fig. 9 is the enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 8.
Figure is numbered: 1, feeding device；11, base；12, baffle plate；13, expansion bracket；14, cylinder is pushed away；15, material loading platform；16, material toggling assembly；17, linkage；18, rotating shaft；
2, traction apparatus；21, passage assembly；22, push pedal；23, clip type translation assembly；24, parallel sliding track；25, sliding bottom；26, clip claw assembly；261, cylinder；262, mounting groove；263, fixture block；264, cylinder ring auxiliary member；
3, vertical hole punched device；30, perforating press A；31, positioning component；32, positioning pipe；33, through hole；34, hole, location；35, location bar；36, limited part；
4, horizontal punching device；40, perforating press B；41, bracing frame；411, substrate；412, gripper shoe；413, pressing plate；414, chute；415, groove；42, buffer bar；43, spring；
5, device for discharging；51, stripper；52, hook.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of fully automatic high-speed perforating press, including frame, frame is provided with
For placing the feeding device 1 of tubing, this feeding device 1 is positioned at the side of frame, is a relatively independent device, is connected without fixing with between frame, need to be by feeding device near the first half section of frame, so that tubing can drop in frame, carry out next step；
For moving the traction apparatus 2 of tubing, this traction apparatus 2 extends to the rear end of frame from the front end of frame, it is possible to passage tubing；
For the vertical hole punched device 3 in the vertical hole of drill, this vertical hole punched device 31 is positioned at the centre of frame, and described traction apparatus 2 then drives tubing to shuttle in vertical hole punched device 3；
For the horizontal punching device 4 of drill transverse holes, this horizontal punching device 4 is positioned at the first half section of frame, in the lower section of traction apparatus 2；
For exporting the device for discharging 5 of tubing, this device for discharging 3 is arranged in horizontal punching device 4.
Such as figure3Shown feeding device 1, has a base 11, and the surrounding of base is fixed with baffle plate 12, and base supports an expansion bracket 13 in X-shaped, and what there was an inclination lower section of expansion bracket 13 pushes away cylinder 14, and the expansion link upper end pushing away cylinder 14 is connected to the central rotating shaft of expansion bracket；There is a material loading platform 15 top of expansion bracket 13, then material loading platform 15 forms one for the framework placing tubing with the baffle plate 12 of surrounding, above material loading platform 15, the top edge of baffle plate 12 has a material toggling assembly 16, material toggling assembly 16 is by linkage 17, rotating shaft 18, push away cylinder 14 to form, wherein, linkage 17 is formed by three rod members are hinged, in horizontal hunting, the two ends of linkage 17 the most each connect vertical rotating shaft 18, two vertical rotating shafts 18 are supported by baffle plate 12, and connection pushes away cylinder 14 between two vertical rotating shafts 18, the expansion link pushing away cylinder 14 is connected with a wherein rotating shaft 18.
Push away the expansion link of cylinder 14 when stretching, material loading platform 15 can be driven to carry out elevating movement, during rising, tubing rises along with material loading platform 15, when the height of tubing is beyond baffle plate 12 height, then linkage 17 carries out horizontal hunting under the driving pushing away cylinder 14, will push away beyond the tubing of baffle plate 12, and tubing drops in traction apparatus 2.
As shown in Figure 4, in traction apparatus 2, in frame first half section activity is passage assembly 21, horizontally disposed cylinder 14 is pushed away including one, push away that the expansion link end of cylinder 14 fixes that another is vertically oriented to pushes away cylinder 14, and push pedal 22 is fixed in the expansion link end pushing away cylinder 14 being vertically oriented to, push pedal 22 is positioned at the front end of frame, can move up and down under the drive pushing away cylinder 14；After tubing drops from feeding device 1, the cylinder 14 that pushes away being vertically oriented to starts, and drives push pedal 22 to be displaced downwardly to the front end of tubing, and then, the cylinder 14 that pushes away of level starts, and push pedal 22 props up tubing, is elapsed to the frame second half section by tubing.
As shown in Figure 5,6, in traction apparatus 2, in the activity of frame second half section is that clip type translates assembly 23, it is possible to clamps tubing and back and forth elapses tubing.The second half section of frame is provided with parallel sliding track 24, and the sliding bottom 25 being flexibly connected with parallel sliding track 24, and sliding bottom 25 rear is provided with and pushes away cylinder 14, and sliding bottom 25 is alternating translational under the drive pushing away cylinder 14；And sliding bottom 25 supports clip claw assembly 26, clip claw assembly 26 includes a cylinder 261, the first half section hollow body of cylinder 261, and first half section circumferentially uniform intervals is provided with four mounting grooves 262, each mounting groove 262 is installed a fixture block 263, bearing pin is passed through in the inner of fixture block 263, spring, ball is formed with cylinder 261 and is flexibly connected, the outer end of fixture block 263 is arranged to the chuck protruded, wherein, the inner side of chuck is arranged to the shape corresponding with tubing profile, the inner side of chuck is used for clamping tubing, and the outside of chuck is protruded from the side wall surface of cylinder 261；In order to make fixture block 263 produce clamping and the action loosened, at one cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 of cylinder 261 upper ring cap, this cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 is movable relative to cylinder 261, be provided with one or two level at the rear of cylinder 261 and cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 pushes away cylinder 14, cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 is driven by the cylinder 14 that pushes away of this level, can be along cylinder 261 axial translation, when cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 moves to front portion from the rear portion of cylinder 261, the fixture block 263 being then positioned at cylinder 261 front end is inside contracted by the compressing of cylinder ring auxiliary member 264, form pinching action；When needs loosen, cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 is moved back by under the drive pushing away cylinder 14, then eliminate the compressing to fixture block 263, and fixture block 263 returns to outwardly state under the elastic reaction of spring.
During traction tubing, tubing is elapsed by the first push pedal 22 of frame front end to the frame second half section, and the clip claw assembly 26 of frame second half section moves the centre to frame, and the open-shaped state of fixture block 263 along with sliding bottom 25；When the rear end of tubing is goed deep between fixture block 263, then cylinder ring auxiliary member 264 moves, oppress fixture block 263, make fixture block 263 inside contract and clamp tubing；Then, sliding bottom 25 is moved rearwards by under the effect pushing away cylinder 14, and tubing moves, and prepares for next step punching.
As it is shown in fig. 7, in vertical hole punched device 3, have a positioning component 31 in the lower section of vertical perforating press A30, be used for positioning tubing；This positioning component 31 includes positioning pipe 32, the through hole 33 that a row is vertical is had on positioning pipe 32, wherein, a through hole foremost is hole 34, location, the position being vertically aligned with it above this hole, location 34, a positioning rod 35 is had to be fixed on vertical perforating press A30 lower end, and the percussion bit side-by-side alignment of this location bar 35 and vertical perforating press A30；
Remaining through hole 33 on positioning pipe 32 aligns at vertical direction one by one with the percussion bit of vertical perforating press A30；Be additionally provided with the limited part 36 limiting tubing teeter in the both sides of positioning pipe 32, described limited part 36 be four can the cylinder of rotation.
Tubing is during movement, hollow tubing is enclosed within positioning pipe 32 and continues to be moved rearwards by, when aliging with the front end of positioning pipe 32 in the front end of tubing, then initially enter the vertical punching stage, during punching, tubing moves forward under the drive of clip claw assembly 26, when completing vertical punching, tubing is in the first half section of frame again, and is prepared to enter into next step horizontal punching.
As shown in Figure 8, horizontal punching device 4, including multiple perforating press B40 horizontally toward being fixed on side by side in frame, a bracing frame 41 is had in the front of perforating press B40 horizontally toward, this bracing frame 41 is connected and composed by vertical substrate 411, the gripper shoe 412 of level, vertical pressing plate 413, and the gripper shoe 412 of level and vertical pressing plate 413 are vertically fixing to be connected；Outside at vertical substrate 411, two cylinders 14 that push away being vertically oriented to are had to be fixed in frame, the expansion link pushing away cylinder 14 is connected with substrate 411 by the yoke plate of L-shaped, to control the lifting of substrate 411, i.e. substrate 411 drives gripper shoe 412 and pressing plate 413 rise overally or decline, in order to make substrate 411 lifting process more stable, it is provided with vertical chute 414 at the two ends of substrate 411；Lateral surface at substrate 411 be fixed with two horizontally toward push away cylinder 14, the two pushes away the expansion link of cylinder 14 from outside to inside through substrate 411, in the inner side of substrate 411, the end of expansion link is connected to pressing plate 413, in order to controls gripper shoe 412 and moves horizontally together with pressing plate 413.
nullDuring horizontal punching，Percussion bit has the effect of extrapolation to tubing，So needing to utilize pressing plate that tubing is pressed to percussion bit，But，Excessively directly percussion bit can be caused damage by power，And the quality holed cannot guarantee that，Therefore，In horizontal punching device 4，Have between two adjacent horizontal punching machine B40 one with percussion bit buffer bar 42 side by side，Buffer bar 42 upper ring cap spring 43，Buffer bar 42 is by bearing block and spring 43 is telescopic is connected to frame，Utilize the elasticity of spring 43，Make the buffer bar 42 can elastic telescopic，Then during horizontal punching，Tubing is pressed to percussion bit by pressing plate 413，And after tubing contacts with buffer bar 42，Buffer bar 42 produces the power pushed out to tubing，And this extrapolability is that tool is resilient，Play the effect of buffering，Make pressing plate 413、Percussion bit、The balance of power is formed between buffer bar 42，Punch process is more stable，Ensure that punching quality.
In feeding, traction, vertical punching stage, bracing frame 411 is in relatively low position, to avoid stopping the running of other structures, after the vertical punching stage terminates, bracing frame 41 begins to ramp up under the driving pushing away cylinder 14, and catching tubing, tubing falls in the gripper shoe 412 of the level of bracing frame 41, then, bracing frame 41 drops to again the height alignd with horizontal punching machine B40 under the drive pushing away cylinder 14, then, tubing is gradually pressed to percussion bit under the driving pushing away cylinder 14 by pressing plate 413, is punched out.
As shown in Figure 8,9, device for discharging 5 is arranged in horizontal punching device 4, it is made up of the stripper 51 of at least two strips, stripper 51 is positioned at the top of percussion bit and aligns with bracing frame 41, and one end of stripper 51 is flexibly connected with frame by bearing and rotating shaft, can not turn downwards to make stripper 51 be merely able to upwards, limited block is fixed in the end of stripper 51, or also can arrange spacing torsion spring between bearing and rotating shaft, therefore, during normal condition, stripper 51 is horizontal；The other end of stripper 51 is towards bracing frame 41, and there is downwardly projecting hook 52 this end, and meanwhile, the position that the top edge of the vertical pressing plate 413 of bracing frame 41 aligns with described component 52 is provided with recessed groove 415.When tubing is pressed to perforating press by pressing plate 413, pressing plate 413(or tubing) contact with hook 52, along with pressing plate 413 continues to advance, stripper 51 turns over；When punching completes, pressing plate 413 is displaced outwardly under the drive pushing away cylinder 14, and now, stripper 51 turns over down, when stripper turns to horizontal level 51 times, in the hook 52 of its end is exactly in the groove 415 of pressing plate 413 top edge and hook 52 hook up to tubing；After pressing plate 413 continues outer shifting, tubing drops from the gripper shoe 412 of level, completes discharging operations.
Above-mentioned pushes away cylinder 14 for cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
Punching operation process:
One, tubing stockpile being placed on material loading platform, start hydraulic cylinder, material loading platform rises, and when the tubing of the superiors is beyond baffle plate, then starts cylinder, linkage horizontal hunting, promotes tubing to depart from material loading platform；
Two, after tubing falls, elapse assembly setting in motion, by the tubing frame second half section elapse, meanwhile, clip claw assembly sliding bottom, cylinder driving under, move to central rack along parallel sliding track；When the rear end of tubing is through positioning pipe and when being clamped by fixture block, clip claw assembly again sliding bottom, cylinder driving under move towards frame rear end, until aliging with the front end of positioning pipe in the front end of tubing；
Three, vertical punching, vertical perforating press is punched out operation, according to setting, often completes one-off hole-piercing, then clip claw assembly clips tubing and elapses forward a segment distance, until whole tubing completes all to punch, now, tubing is in the first half section of frame again；
Four, horizontal punching, bracing frame rises under the driving of cylinder, is caught by the tubing completing vertical punching, and driving tubing to decline together, when tubing aligns with horizontal punching machine, then pressing plate and gripper shoe translate under the driving of cylinder, tubing is pressed to percussion bit, carries out horizontal punching；
Five, discharging, after completing horizontal punching, pressing plate and gripper shoe by after return in situ, in the process, the hook of discharge end hooks tubing, pushes away by tubing.
Specific embodiment described in literary composition is only to present invention spirit explanation for example.Described specific embodiment can be made various amendment or supplements or use similar mode to substitute by those skilled in the art, but without departing from the spirit of the present invention or surmount scope defined in appended claims.