CN104712076B - Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology - Google Patents

Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology Download PDF

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CN104712076B
CN104712076B CN201510063350.7A CN201510063350A CN104712076B CN 104712076 B CN104712076 B CN 104712076B CN 201510063350 A CN201510063350 A CN 201510063350A CN 104712076 B CN104712076 B CN 104712076B
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block
building
building block
stones
threedimensional
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CN201510063350.7A
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CN104712076A (en
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崔新明
廖春波
倪宏演
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崔新明
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology: according to body of wall D CAD building structure construction figure, it is thus achieved that each data message that masonry panel needs;Utilize BIM modeling software that body of wall is carried out three-dimensional modeling, above-mentioned data message is inputted in body of wall threedimensional model, and the building block material in body of wall threedimensional model is assigned to steam pressure sand aerated concrete block;Building block is carried out by body of wall threedimensional model arrange block design, and building block to different size encodes respectively;From the specification of various building blocks, quantity and gray seam thickness, the data message of door-window opening of body of wall obtaining three-dimensional model masonry panel needs;Extract and formulate plan and the processing material list of various material;Buying building block, building block is marched into the arena;Processing building block;Masonry panel.The present invention utilizes BIM technology to carry out walling unit row's block design, and row's block precision is high, speed is fast, reduces building block loss, improves building wall efficiency.

Description

Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, particularly relate to a kind of steam pressure sand aerating based on BIM technology Concrete block wall construction.

Background technology

BIM technology (Building Information Modeling), is generally translated into BIM. As a new theory of engineering construction industry, BIM technology emphasizes that harmonious information is in engineering project The application in each stage of Life cycle, its most intuitively expression-form be exactly the three-dimensional with project information Building model.Three-dimensional building information model is no longer unalterable exhibit, and becomes an intelligence The information carrier changed, and along with the abundant of information and transmission, model will become each rank of Whole Life Cycle of Projects The core of the concrete application of section and data basis.

Along with the BIM technology progressively popularization in architectural engineering, increasing designing unit, unit in charge of construction Having begun to use technique with owner, it has had become as the development trend of Construction Industry Information.But In traditional construction walling technique, build steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall by laying bricks or stones and generally use designing institute to go out The D CAD building of tool and structural working drawing, although two-dintension CAD drawing can also carry out building block row's block, but Clearly the information data of body of wall cannot be showed completely, particularly at constructional column, door-window opening equipotential Putting, need to embed pre-buried concrete block, pre-buried tie bar, ironware etc., near above-mentioned structure node position It is required to use non-standard building block.At present, building wall is mainly by the bricklayer's with abundant construction experience Master worker the most manually arranges brick, on-site cutting building block.Artificial row's brick not only inefficiency, increases The impact cutting loss of building block, causes substantial amounts of garbage of building by laying bricks or stones, and the row's of there may be brick error, cause doing over again, Schedule delays, increases engineering construction cost.

Summary of the invention

During present invention mainly solves original steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction, mainly pass through The bricklayer's master worker with abundant construction experience the most manually arranges brick, on-site cutting building block, manually arranges Brick not only inefficiency, increases the impact cutting loss of building block, causes substantial amounts of garbage of building by laying bricks or stones, and may There is row's brick error, cause doing over again, schedule delays, increase the technical problem of engineering construction cost;There is provided one Plant steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology, utilize BIM technology to steam pressure Sand aerated concrete block body of wall carries out three-dimensional modeling, determines wall design and code pattern, builder Only need to build by laying bricks or stones according to the row's block design of body of wall threedimensional model and code pattern, row's block precision is high, speed is fast, subtracts Few building block loss, improves building wall efficiency, it is ensured that the duration, reduces engineering construction cost.

The above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly addressed by following technical proposals: the present invention based on The steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method of BIM technology, comprises the steps:

1.. the body of wall D CAD building structure construction figure provided according to designing institute, it is thus achieved that the length of body of wall, width Degree, thickness and constructional column, equipment box, door-window opening, the data message of tension rib position;

2.. utilize BIM modeling software that described body of wall is carried out three-dimensional modeling, by the data message of above-mentioned acquisition In input body of wall threedimensional model, and the building block material in body of wall threedimensional model is assigned to steam pressure sand aerated concrete Building block;

3.. carry out building block arranging block design in described body of wall threedimensional model, designed by building block row's block, wall Building block on body includes standard block and non-standard building block, and building block to different size encodes respectively;

4.. the standard block that needs from described body of wall obtaining three-dimensional model masonry panel and non-standard building block Specification, quantity and gray seam thickness, the data message of door-window opening;

5.. design and code pattern according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model, extract and formulate building block, shale Brick and the plan of other materials and processing material list;

6.. buying building block, building block is marched into the arena;

7.. processing building block;

8.. masonry panel.

This engineering method utilizes BIM technology to carry out walling unit row's block design, changes conventional body of wall on-the-spot by workman Traditional brick-building art of row's block, improves the accuracy and speed of concrete block masonry, reduces the spillage of material built by laying bricks or stones, Reduce cost, reach the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective.

As preferably, 5. described step is: combine the site dimension of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall, Row's block design of the body of wall threedimensional model described in correction and code pattern, according to revised body of wall threedimensional model Row's block design and code pattern, extract and formulate each specification building block, shale brick and the plan of other materials and add labor and materials Single.By revising, improve row's block precision further.

As preferably, described step 6. in building block march into the arena as building block plastic film packaging, prevent fortune It is moistened by rain during defeated, in building block entrucking with to prevent collision during unloading, and reduces transhipment as far as possible; Carrying out retrial after materials arrival on request and apply for checking and examination, to marching into the arena, material carries out visual examination, forbids use not conform to Lattice product;To make somebody a mere figurehead bottom when building block is stacked and pave, the building block being soaked with rain must not go up wall, upper wall immediately The moisture content of building block is preferably not more than 25%;The building block being transported to scene should be sampled test, according to test result, Row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model is designed and code pattern is finely adjusted.Guarantee that the building block entering stock ground is full The requirement of foot masonry panel, it is ensured that wall quality.

As preferably, 7. described step is: before building block processing, operating personnel is carried out drawing and tells somebody what one's real intentions are and pacify Entirely tell somebody what one's real intentions are;Building block after the pre-drying shrinkage in stock ground, according to body of wall threedimensional model row block design and code pattern in non- The specification of standard block and quantity, carry out cutting processing, and stack according to the coding specification of building block.Cutting is built Block should use portable facility or other plant equipment, forbids to use ash cutter impact cutting building block;AAC building block is cut into Dry working system, forbids to cut after watering again, prevents building block from causing shrinkage cracking because of water suction.

As preferably, described step 8. middle masonry panel comprises the steps:

A., before building by laying bricks or stones, the major axis of building, and bullet good floor wall body axis, wall sideline, structure are released The position line of post, removes and totally builds lime-ash and the foreign material of position floor by laying bricks or stones, and with C20 concrete or 1: 3 cement Mortar brushing is the most levelling;Foundation uses C20 concreting to lead wall, and leading wall height is 150mm;

B. design and code pattern according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model, be precisely located and drawknot is set Muscle, it is ensured that tension rib is the most bonding with concrete column, it is to avoid tension rib arranges the inaccuracy of position and causes Arbitrarily bending;

First draw horizontal line when c. building by laying bricks or stones, put the line of ink marker well, design according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model and Code pattern starts to build by laying bricks or stones from the two ends of both sides, corner, house and per pass wall, is paved with mortar under the first skin building block, Same wall is all by same type, ad eundem concrete block masonry;

In two the most neighbouring skin masonries, the seam of two blockhouses should be built by laying bricks or stones by the fissure of displacement up and down;

E. body of wall is built by laying bricks or stones by several times, builds height the most continuously by laying bricks or stones less than 1.5m;Treat the previous mortar final set built by laying bricks or stones After, it is further continued for building by laying bricks or stones;Day building height by laying bricks or stones and be not more than 1.8m, building wall, to close to time at the bottom of beam or at the bottom of plate, stays The space of 150mm, mends block, at least interval after masonry shrinks and stablizes again and mends block after 10 days again, mend block and use page Jam-packed tiltedly built by rock brick, and the gradient of shale brick is 60 °;

F. paving slurry should be uniform, smooth, with paving with pendulum;Building block is once ajusted, or adjusts before mortar loses plasticity Flat;

G. building block deadweight is relatively light, easily with the cementing insufficient of mortar and produce crack, therefore when stopping block, A skin masonry bears down on one with a skin float block above, within second day, is taken away by float block when continuing to build by laying bricks or stones again;

H. corner and the junction of masonry should be built by laying bricks or stones simultaneously, to can not build by laying bricks or stones and must indwelling face simultaneously Time discontinuities, oblique raft should be built into, oblique raft floor projection is no less than the 2/3 of masonry height;When connecing raft, Ying Xian Cleaning basal plane, connects block with the building block of identical material;

I. mortar joint requires smooth vertical and horizontal, and mortar joint mortar should be full, and with building with jointing, mortar joint full degree of mortar at bed joint is not Less than 80%, mortar joint mortar thickness cannot be greater than 10mm;

J. design and code pattern, in door-window opening both sides accurately according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model Embed concrete embedded piece, and building block position be precisely located in " L ", " T ", " ten " font joint, Realize building block and fully sting block;

K., after building wall completes, it is necessary to brushing watertight interface agent immediately, blockwork is prevented to be moistened by rain.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: utilize BIM technology that steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall is carried out three Dimension modeling, determines wall design and code pattern, and builder only need to set according to body of wall threedimensional model row's block Meter and code pattern are built by laying bricks or stones, and row's block precision is high, speed is fast, reduce building block loss, improve building wall effect Rate, it is ensured that duration, reduces engineering construction cost.Body of wall mainly build operation and clay brick, shale brick class by laying bricks or stones With, technological operation is simple, uses traditional material and utensil, cheap, and reliable durable will not be to ring Border pollutes.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is a kind of body of wall threedimensional model row's block figure of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall in the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the one main TV structure schematic diagram of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall in the present invention.

1. standard block in figure, the most non-standard building block, 3. concrete column, 4. concrete flanging leads wall, 5. drawknot Muscle, 6. beams of concrete, 7. shale brick, 8. window hole, 9. window sill.

Detailed description of the invention

Below by embodiment, and combine accompanying drawing, technical scheme is described in further detail.

Embodiment: the steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology of the present embodiment, The steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall built by laying bricks or stones is built by laying bricks or stones by steam pressure sand aerated concrete block and is formed, such as figure 1, shown in Fig. 2, steam pressure sand aerated concrete block includes standard block 1 and non-standard building block 2, and body of wall is built Build between the concrete column 3 of the left and right sides, bottom body of wall, have a skin concrete flanging to lead wall 4, at concrete Flange is led and is built a skin skin masonry, the two of general every skin masonry by laying bricks or stones with steam pressure sand aerated concrete block successively on wall The building block criteria of right and wrong building block of end, middle building block is standard block, odd number skin masonry and even number skin masonry Building block seam is crisscross arranged.In concrete column 3, compartment of terrain is embedded with many tension ribs 5, up and down phases from top to bottom Just building two skin masonries by laying bricks or stones between two adjacent tension ribs, tension rib one end is stretched in concrete column, the other end Stretch in steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall.Build by laying bricks or stones between a skin masonry and beams of concrete 6 topmost Shale brick 7 masonry of one skin oblique top, window hole 8 pushes up beams of concrete 6, is placed with window sill 9 under it.

Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology, comprises the steps:

1.. the body of wall D CAD building structure construction figure provided according to designing institute, it is thus achieved that the length of body of wall, width Degree, thickness and concrete column 3, equipment box, door-window opening, the data message of tension rib 5 position;

2.. utilize BIM modeling software Revit body of wall to be carried out three-dimensional modeling, by the data message of above-mentioned acquisition In input body of wall threedimensional model, and the building block material in body of wall threedimensional model is assigned to steam pressure sand aerated concrete Building block;

3.. carry out building block arranging block design in body of wall threedimensional model, designed, on body of wall by building block row's block Building block includes standard block 1 and non-standard building block 2, and building block to different size encodes respectively;Made The strength grade of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block be A5.0, density rating is B06, standard block A size of 600mm (length) × 250mm (high) × 240mm (thick), the size of supporting shale brick is 175mm ×115mm×53mm;

4.. the standard block 1 needed from body of wall obtaining three-dimensional model masonry panel and the rule of non-standard building block 2 Lattice, quantity and gray seam thickness, the data message of door-window opening;

5.. combine the site dimension of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall, revise row's block of body of wall threedimensional model Design and code pattern, design and code pattern according to row's block of revised body of wall threedimensional model, extracts and formulate each Specification building block, shale brick 7 and the plan of other materials and processing material list;

6.. buying building block: selecting the qualified products of manufacturer production, size and intensity meet design requirement;Building block March into the arena: building block plastic film packaging, prevent from transportation is moistened by rain, in building block entrucking with unloaded Journey to prevent collision, and reduces transhipment as far as possible;Carry out retrial after materials arrival on request and apply for checking and examination, to entering Field material carries out visual examination, forbids to use substandard product;To make somebody a mere figurehead bottom when building block is stacked and pave, quilt The building block that rainwater drenches must not go up wall immediately, and the moisture content of upper wall building block is preferably not more than 25%;It is transported to the block at scene Block should be sampled test, according to test result, designs row's block of body of wall threedimensional model and code pattern is carried out Fine setting;

7.. processing building block: should be away from least 28 days production times during concrete block masonry, before building block processing, to operation Personnel carry out drawing and tell somebody what one's real intentions are and tell somebody what one's real intentions are safely;Building block is after the pre-drying shrinkage in stock ground, according to the row of body of wall threedimensional model The specification of the non-standard building block 2 in block design and code pattern and quantity, carry out cutting processing, and according to building block Coding specification stack;

8.. premixing mortar: the polymer mortar of the acrylic emulsion of employing 1: 3 cement mortar+10%, or employing 1: The polymer mortar of 801 building adhesives of 3 cement mortar+15%;Mortar has to comply with design requirement, mixes in mortar The additives such as the masonry mortar plasticizer, early strength agent, retarder, antifreezing agent or the waterproofing agent that enter, its kind and Consumption Ying Jing has the detection unit assay of qualification and trial to determine;The mixing time of mortar should meet the requirements, and one As must not be less than 2 minutes, must not be less than 3 minutes when having flyash and an additive;The mortar of on-the-spot mixing should With mix with, the mortar of mixing should use complete in 3 hours;When the construction period highest temperature is more than 30 DEG C Time, should use complete in 2 hours;

9.. masonry panel:

A., before building by laying bricks or stones, the major axis of building, and bullet good floor wall body axis, wall sideline, coagulation are released The position line of earth pillar 3, removes and totally builds lime-ash and the foreign material of position floor by laying bricks or stones, and with C20 concrete or 1: 3 water Cement mortar brushing is the most levelling;Foundation uses C20 concreting concrete flanging to lead wall 4, and concrete flanging is led Wall height is 150mm;

B. design and code pattern according to row's block of body of wall threedimensional model, be precisely located and arrange tension rib 5, protect Card tension rib 5 is the most bonding with concrete column 3, it is to avoid tension rib 5 arranges the inaccuracy of position and causes arbitrarily Bending;

First draw horizontal line when c. building by laying bricks or stones, put the line of ink marker well, design and code pattern according to row's block of body of wall threedimensional model Start to build by laying bricks or stones from the two ends of both sides, corner, house and per pass wall, under the first skin building block, be paved with mortar, same stifled Wall is all by same type, ad eundem concrete block masonry;

In two the most neighbouring skin masonries, the seam of two blockhouses should be built by laying bricks or stones by the fissure of displacement up and down;

E. body of wall is built by laying bricks or stones by several times, builds height the most continuously by laying bricks or stones less than 1.5m;Treat the previous mortar final set built by laying bricks or stones After, it is further continued for building by laying bricks or stones;Day building height by laying bricks or stones and be not more than 1.8m, building wall is to close at the bottom of beams of concrete 6 beam or plate During the end, stay the space of 150mm, after masonry shrinks and stablizes, mend block, at least interval again mend block again after 10 days, mend Building and use shale brick 7 tiltedly to build jam-packed, the gradient of shale brick 7 is 60 °;

F. paving slurry should be uniform, smooth, with paving with pendulum;Building block is once ajusted, or adjusts before mortar loses plasticity Flat;

G. building block deadweight is relatively light, easily with the cementing insufficient of mortar and produce crack, therefore when stopping block, A skin masonry bears down on one with a skin float block above, within second day, is taken away by float block when continuing to build by laying bricks or stones again;

H. corner and the junction of masonry should be built by laying bricks or stones simultaneously, to can not build by laying bricks or stones and must indwelling face simultaneously Time discontinuities, oblique raft should be built into, oblique raft floor projection is no less than the 2/3 of masonry height;When connecing raft, Ying Xian Cleaning basal plane, connects block with the building block of identical material;

I. mortar joint requires smooth vertical and horizontal, and mortar joint mortar should be full, and with building with jointing, mortar joint full degree of mortar at bed joint is not Less than 80%, mortar joint mortar thickness cannot be greater than 10mm;

J. design and code pattern according to row's block of body of wall threedimensional model, accurately embed mixed in door-window opening both sides Solidifying soil pre-embedded block, and building block position is precisely located in " L ", " T ", " ten " font joint, it is achieved build Block fully stings block;

K., after building wall completes, it is necessary to brushing watertight interface agent immediately, blockwork is prevented to be moistened by rain;

9.. design and code pattern, to steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall according to row's block of body of wall threedimensional model Carry out final acceptance of construction, and drawing filing is preserved, carry for the follow-up finishing fluting of building, pipe laying, unwrapping wire For reference.

Claims (4)

1. a steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology, it is characterised in that Comprise the steps:
1.. the body of wall D CAD building structure construction figure provided according to designing institute, it is thus achieved that the length of body of wall, width Degree, thickness and constructional column, equipment box, door-window opening, the data message of tension rib position;
2.. utilize BIM modeling software that described body of wall is carried out three-dimensional modeling, by the data message of above-mentioned acquisition In input body of wall threedimensional model, and the building block material in body of wall threedimensional model is assigned to steam pressure sand aerated concrete Building block;
3.. carry out building block arranging block design in described body of wall threedimensional model, designed by building block row's block, wall Building block on body includes standard block and non-standard building block, and building block to different size encodes respectively;
4.. the standard block that needs from described body of wall obtaining three-dimensional model masonry panel and non-standard building block Specification, quantity and gray seam thickness, the data message of door-window opening;
5.. design and code pattern according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model, extract and formulate building block, shale Brick and the plan of other materials and processing material list;
6.. buying building block, building block is marched into the arena;
7.. processing building block;
8.. masonry panel, comprise the steps:
A., before building by laying bricks or stones, the major axis of building, and bullet good floor wall body axis, wall sideline, structure are released The position line of post, removes and totally builds lime-ash and the foreign material of position floor by laying bricks or stones, and with C20 concrete or 1: 3 cement Mortar brushing is the most levelling;Foundation uses C20 concreting to lead wall, and leading wall height is 150mm;
B. design and code pattern according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model, be precisely located and drawknot is set Muscle, it is ensured that tension rib is the most bonding with concrete column, it is to avoid tension rib arranges the inaccuracy of position and causes Arbitrarily bending;
First draw horizontal line when c. building by laying bricks or stones, put the line of ink marker well, design according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model and Code pattern starts to build by laying bricks or stones from the two ends of both sides, corner, house and per pass wall, is paved with mortar under the first skin building block, Same wall is all by same type, ad eundem concrete block masonry;
In two the most neighbouring skin masonries, the seam of two blockhouses should be built by laying bricks or stones by the fissure of displacement up and down;
E. body of wall is built by laying bricks or stones by several times, builds height the most continuously by laying bricks or stones less than 1.5m;Treat the previous mortar final set built by laying bricks or stones After, it is further continued for building by laying bricks or stones;Day building height by laying bricks or stones and be not more than 1.8m, building wall, to close to time at the bottom of beam or at the bottom of plate, stays The space of 150mm, mends block, at least interval after masonry shrinks and stablizes again and mends block after 10 days again, mend block and use page Jam-packed tiltedly built by rock brick, and the gradient of shale brick is 60 °;
F. paving slurry should be uniform, smooth, with paving with pendulum;Building block is once ajusted, or adjusts before mortar loses plasticity Flat;
G. building block deadweight is relatively light, easily with the cementing insufficient of mortar and produce crack, therefore when stopping block, A skin masonry bears down on one with a skin float block above, within second day, is taken away by float block when continuing to build by laying bricks or stones again;
H. corner and the junction of masonry should be built by laying bricks or stones simultaneously, to can not build by laying bricks or stones and must indwelling face simultaneously Time discontinuities, oblique raft should be built into, oblique raft floor projection is no less than the 2/3 of masonry height;When connecing raft, Ying Xian Cleaning basal plane, connects block with the building block of identical material;
I. mortar joint requires smooth vertical and horizontal, and mortar joint mortar should be full, and with building with jointing, mortar joint full degree of mortar at bed joint is not Less than 80%, mortar joint mortar thickness cannot be greater than 10mm;
J. design and code pattern, in door-window opening both sides accurately according to row's block of described body of wall threedimensional model Embed concrete embedded piece, and building block position be precisely located in " L ", " T ", " ten " font joint, Realize building block and fully sting block;
K., after building wall completes, it is necessary to brushing watertight interface agent immediately, blockwork is prevented to be moistened by rain.
Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction based on BIM technology the most according to claim 1 Engineering method, it is characterised in that 5. described step is: combine the on-the-spot chi of steam pressure sand aerated concrete block body of wall Very little, row's block design of the body of wall threedimensional model described in correction and code pattern, according to revised body of wall three-dimensional mould Row's block design of type and code pattern, extract and formulate each specification building block, shale brick and the plan of other materials and add Labor and materials list.
Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction based on BIM technology the most according to claim 1 Engineering method, it is characterised in that described step 6. in building block march into the arena as building block plastic film packaging, prevent Transportation is moistened by rain, in building block entrucking with to prevent collision during unloading, and reduces transhipment as far as possible; Carrying out retrial after materials arrival on request and apply for checking and examination, to marching into the arena, material carries out visual examination, forbids use not conform to Lattice product;To make somebody a mere figurehead bottom when building block is stacked and pave, the building block being soaked with rain must not go up wall, upper wall immediately The moisture content of building block is not more than 25%;The building block being transported to scene should be sampled test, according to test result, right Row's block design of described body of wall threedimensional model and code pattern are finely adjusted.
Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction based on BIM technology the most according to claim 1 Engineering method, it is characterised in that 7. described step is: building block processing before, operating personnel is carried out drawing tell somebody what one's real intentions are and Safety is told somebody what one's real intentions are;Building block, after the pre-drying shrinkage in stock ground, designs and in code pattern according to row's block of body of wall threedimensional model The specification of non-standard building block and quantity, carry out cutting processing, and stack according to the coding specification of building block.
CN201510063350.7A 2015-02-06 2015-02-06 Steam pressure sand aerated concrete block wall construction engineering method based on BIM technology CN104712076B (en)

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