CN104706432A - Correction appliance for preventing food impaction - Google Patents

Correction appliance for preventing food impaction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104706432A
CN104706432A CN 201510130047 CN201510130047A CN104706432A CN 104706432 A CN104706432 A CN 104706432A CN 201510130047 CN201510130047 CN 201510130047 CN 201510130047 A CN201510130047 A CN 201510130047A CN 104706432 A CN104706432 A CN 104706432A
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CN
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correction
steel
wires
teeth
wire
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CN 201510130047
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104706432B (en )
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夏继明
夏炎
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夏继明
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of oral medicine orthodontic correction and in particular relates to a correction appliance for preventing food impaction. The correction appliance for preventing food impaction comprises a basement membrane and a surface membrane which are made of soft transparent materials, are press-fit together and follow change of dental cast jaw and teeth patterning, wherein a correction steel wire frame is arranged between the basement membrane and the surface membrane, blocking steel wires are arranged at corresponding positions of the correction steel wire frame and crevices between teeth of a dental cast, the correction steel wire frame comprises outer correction steel wires arranged outside teeth and inner correction steel wires arranged inside the teeth, the outer correction steel wires and the inner correction steel wires are arc-shaped respectively, a wavy U-shaped bending following change of shape of front teeth is arranged at the middle part of the U-shaped bending of each inner correction steel wire, a plurality of blocking steel wires are arranged at crevices between mortar teeth on each inner correction steel wire, each blocking steel wire is arc-shaped or inverted U-shaped, and the two ends of each blocking steel wire are respectively fixedly connected on the outer correction steel wires and the inner correction steel wires. The correction appliance for preventing food impaction can prevent foreign matters from being clamped into the crevices between teeth and has high comfort degree and good treatment effect when put in the oral cavity.

Description

一种防止食物嵌塞的矫正器 A method of preventing food impaction braces

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及口腔医学正畸矫正技术领域,具体涉及一种防止食物嵌塞的矫正器。 [0001] The present invention relates to stomatology orthodontic appliance technology field, particularly relates to a method of preventing food impaction aligner.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有技术中,本发明人的实用新型CN 204092222U公开了一种上下颁互动矫正器,所述矫正器包括硬膜牙套,硬膜牙套上设有上颁的矫形钢丝和下颁的矫形钢丝,上颁的矫形钢丝与下颁的矫形钢丝的两端分别嵌入到硬膜牙套内,上颁的矫形钢丝与下颁的矫形钢丝分别呈波浪形钢丝包绕在上、下牙齿的外侧,其中下颁的波浪形钢丝由外向内倾斜,用于导引上牙咬合在下牙的外侧。 [0002] In the prior art, the present inventors CN 204092222U invention discloses a vertical brace awarded interaction, the orthotic braces comprises subdural, orthopedic wires provided on the award and the award of epidural braces orthopedic wires, orthopedic wires and orthopedic wire ends of the award on the award of the intradural braces are fitted, the lower wire issued orthopedic orthopedic awarded wavy steel wire are wrapped on the outer side of the teeth wherein the wavy wire awarded inclination from outside to inside, for guiding the lower outer side of the occlusion of the teeth.

[0003] 由于现有活动矫正器存在不能封闭相邻的牙齿间隙即牙缝,容易造成口腔牙龈炎、牙周炎等不足,故发明一种新型口腔活动矫正器。 [0003] Because of the gap can not be closed adjacent teeth i.e. teeth conventional orthotic activity, likely to cause oral gingivitis, periodontitis and other issues, it is a novel oral activities invention aligners.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为了克服现有技术中的缺陷,本发明提供了一种能封闭相邻牙齿间牙缝的矫正器,其结构简单,易于制作,在放入口腔后不仅能舒服的起到矫正作用且能有效预防口腔牙龈炎、牙周炎等疾病的发生。 [0004] In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides an orthosis teeth between the teeth adjacent closable, simple structure, easy to manufacture, not only can play comfortably into the mouth after the corrective action and can effectively prevent the occurrence of oral gingivitis, periodontitis and other diseases.

[0005] 本发明是通过如下技术方案实现的:一种防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,包括随牙模上的颁骨及牙齿形状变化且压装在一起的底膜和表膜,所述底膜和表膜之间设有矫正钢丝骨架,所述矫正钢丝骨架在与所述牙模的牙缝位置相对应位置设有阻挡钢丝。 [0005] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: A method of preventing food impaction aligner, including bone and teeth, issued vary with the shape of the dental cast and press-fitted together with the base film and the pellicle, the bottom correction is provided between the film and the steel skeleton pellicle, the correction of the steel skeleton dental model in a position corresponding to a position of the teeth with the wire barrier.

[0006] 进一步地,所述矫正钢丝骨架包括设置在牙齿外侧的外矫正钢丝与设置在牙齿内侧的内矫正钢丝,所述外矫正钢丝和内矫正钢丝为弧形。 [0006] Further, the correction steel skeleton comprises an outer wire straightening teeth provided on the outside is provided in the inner teeth straightening wire, straightening the wire and the outer wire straightening arcuate.

[0007] 进一步地,所述内矫正钢丝的弧形中间部位设有随牙模的上门牙形状变化的波浪状U型弯曲。 [0007] Further, the inner wire straightening the arcuate middle portion is provided with a U-shaped curved wavy dental cast varying shape of the upper incisors.

[0008] 进一步地,所述内矫正钢丝在磨牙牙缝位置设有若干个阻挡钢丝,所述阻挡钢丝为弧形或倒置的U型。 [0008] Further, the inner wire straightening wire stopper provided at a plurality of molar teeth position, the blocking wire or arcuate inverted U-shaped.

[0009] 进一步地,所述弧形或倒置的U型的阻挡钢丝两端分别固接在外矫正钢丝与内矫正钢丝上。 [0009] Further, both ends of each U-shaped solid block of steel or the inverted arcuate wire attached to the outer and the inner straightening the wire straightening.

[0010] 进一步地,所述外矫正钢丝上下设置两根。 [0010] Further, the two outer straightening wire disposed vertically.

[0011] 进一步地,所述底膜和表膜为软质且透明材料制成。 [0011] Further, the base film and the pellicle is made of soft and transparent material.

[0012] 本发明所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器与现有技术相比,优越效果在于:制作容易,能有效防止异物卡入牙缝中,放入口腔时异物感小舒适度高,治疗效果好。 [0012] The present invention is to prevent food impaction orthotic compared to prior art, in that the advantageous effects: the production is easy, can effectively prevent foreign matter into the teeth of the card, foreign body sensation in the oral cavity into the small high comfort during treatment good effect.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013]图1为本发明所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器使用的牙模结构示意图; [0013] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the invention prevents the mode structure of food impaction dental aligners used;

[0014] 图2为本发明所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器中的矫正钢丝骨架结构示意图; [0014] FIG 2 a schematic view of the present invention prevents the correction steel skeleton structure of food impaction aligners;

[0015] 图3为本发明所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器中的矫正钢丝骨架结构示意图; [0015] Fig 3 a schematic view of the present invention prevents the correction steel skeleton structure of food impaction aligners;

[0016] 图4为本发明所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器内部结构示意图。 [0016] FIG. 4 is a schematic internal configuration of the orthosis preventing food impaction of the present invention.

[0017] 附图标记如下: [0017] reference numerals are as follows:

[0018] 1-牙模,2-磨牙,3-磨牙牙缝,4-门牙牙缝,5-门牙,6_底膜,7_外矫正钢丝,8_内矫正钢丝,9-阻挡钢丝,1-U型弯曲。 [0018] 1- dental model, 2- teeth, molar teeth 3-, 4- incisor teeth, 5 incisors, 6_ base film, 7_ outer straightening wire, straightening the wire 8_, 9-wire barrier, 1-U-bend.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0019] 下面结合附图对本发明具体实施方式作进一步详细说明。 [0019] The following drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction.

[0020] 实施例1 [0020] Example 1

[0021] 如图1-4所示,本发明提供的一种防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,包括随牙模I上的颁骨及牙齿形状变化且压装在一起的底膜6和表膜,所述底膜6和表膜之间设有矫正钢丝骨架,所述矫正钢丝骨架在与所述牙模I的牙缝位置相对应位置设有阻挡钢丝9,所述底膜6和表膜为软质且透明材料制成,所述矫正钢丝骨架包括设置在牙齿外侧的外矫正钢丝7与设置在牙齿内侧的内矫正钢丝8,所述外矫正钢丝7和内矫正钢丝8为弧形,所述内矫正钢丝8的弧形中间部位设有随牙模I上门牙形状变化的波浪状U型弯曲10,所述内矫正钢丝8在磨牙牙缝3位置设有若干个阻挡钢丝9,所述阻挡钢丝9为弧形或倒置的U型,所述弧形或倒置的U型的阻挡钢丝9两端分别固接在外矫正钢丝7与内矫正钢丝8上。 [0021] As shown, the present invention provides a method of preventing food impaction correction 1-4, comprises a base film 6 and the film vary with the shape of the teeth and bones, issued on dental cast and press-fit together I , with the correction between the steel skeleton base film 6 and the film, the steel skeleton corrective dental model I in the position corresponding to the position of the teeth is provided with a barrier wire 9, the base film 6 and film a soft and transparent material, said inner correction straightening wire comprising a steel skeleton correcting steel wire disposed outside the outer teeth 7 and teeth 8 is disposed inside the outer and the inner straightening wire 7 an arc straightening wire 8, the correction of the middle portion of the wire 8 is provided with arcuate tooth mold I front teeth wavy shape change of U-bend 10, the inner wire straightening teeth 8 in the position of the teeth 3 provided with a plurality of barrier wire 9, the said arcuate barrier wire 9 or an inverted U-shaped, are secured to the outer ends of the arcuate straightening wire 9 or an inverted U-shaped wire 7 and the inner barrier straightening wire 8.

[0022] 本发明所述的防止食物嵌塞的矫正器制作过程中,首先在牙模I上排齐并且关闭有缝隙的牙齿,然后用软质材料制成底膜6和表膜中间夹着弹性钢丝骨架进行压膜工艺,在矫正器的牙齿两侧及牙缝处使用的矫正钢丝骨架和阻挡钢丝9选用钛镍钢丝,钛镍钢丝弹性好且有一定的韧性和刚度用以关闭相邻牙齿之间的间隙,优选底膜6和表膜为透明的软质材料制成。 [0022] preventing food impaction orthotic production process according to the present invention, is first aligned on the dental cast and to close a gap I teeth, made of soft material and the base film 6 and the intermediate film interposed therebetween the elastic steel skeleton for lamination process, the wire straightening block 9 and the steel skeleton selected nickel-titanium wire, nickel-titanium wire good elasticity and have a certain toughness and stiffness using teeth and teeth at the both sides of the brace adjacent to close the gap between the teeth, preferably the base film 6 and the transparent film is a soft material.

[0023] 实施例2 [0023] Example 2

[0024] 本实施例与实施例1的区别在于,所述外矫正钢丝7上下设置两根,患者戴上本实施例提供的矫正器,能使畸形的牙齿发生移动,关闭牙齿的间隙,进行有力的矫正。 [0024] Example of the present embodiment differs from embodiment 1 in that the outer two straightening wire 7 disposed vertically, the patient wears the orthosis according to the present embodiment is provided, enabling the occurrence of abnormal tooth movement, closing the gap teeth, for strong correction. 这种设计能提高本发明所述的防止食物嵌塞的矫正器的稳固性和提高结构强度。 This arrangement improves stability preventing food impaction orthotic according to the present invention and to improve the structural strength.

[0025] 本发明并不限于上述实施方式,在不背离本发明的实质内容的情况下,本领域技术人员可以想到的任何变形、改进、替换均落入本发明的保护范围。 Any modification [0025] The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, may occur to persons skilled in the art, modifications, substitutions fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,包括随牙模(I)上的颁骨及牙齿形状变化且压装在一起的底膜(6)和表膜,其特征在于,所述底膜(6)和表膜之间设有矫正钢丝骨架,所述矫正钢丝骨架在与所述牙模(I)的牙缝位置相对应位置设有阻挡钢丝(9)。 1. A method of preventing food impaction aligner, including changes and press fit base film (6) and together with the pellicle issued bones and teeth shape on the dental cast (the I), wherein said base film correction is provided between the wire bobbin (6) and the pellicle, the correction in the steel skeleton dental model (I) in a position corresponding to the position of the teeth is provided with a barrier wire (9).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,其特征在于,所述矫正钢丝骨架包括设置在牙齿外侧的外矫正钢丝(7)与设置在牙齿内侧的内矫正钢丝(8),所述外矫正钢丝(7)和内矫正钢丝⑶为弧形。 According to claim 1 to prevent the food impaction aligner, wherein said correction outer straightening wire (7) disposed outside the steel skeleton comprising teeth provided in the inner side of the wire straightening teeth (8), the outer straightening wire (7) and an inner wire straightening ⑶ arcuate.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,其特征在于,所述内矫正钢丝(8)的弧形中间部位设有随牙模(I)上门牙形状变化的波浪状U型弯曲(10)。 According to claim 2 said brace preventing food impaction, characterized in that the inner straightening wire (8) has an arcuate intermediate portion with a U-shaped wavy dental cast (I) on the change in shape incisors bending (10).
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,其特征在于,所述内矫正钢丝(8)在磨牙牙缝(3)位置设有若干个阻挡钢丝(9),所述阻挡钢丝(9)为弧形或倒置的U型。 According to claim 3, wherein the brace to prevent food impaction, characterized in that the inner straightening wire (8) is provided with a plurality of barrier wire (9) in the molar teeth (3) position, the blocking wire (9) for the inverted U-shaped or arcuate.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,其特征在于,所述弧形或倒置的U型的阻挡钢丝(9)两端分别固接在外矫正钢丝(7)与内矫正钢丝⑶上。 According to claim 4, wherein the brace to prevent food impaction, characterized in that the correction of the outer wire are fixed (7) and the inner arcuate or straightening the wire inverted U-shaped barrier wire (9) at both ends ⑶ on.
  6. 6.根据权利要求2所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,其特征在于,所述外矫正钢丝(7)上下设置两根。 According to claim 2 said brace preventing food impaction, characterized in that the outer straightening wire (7) vertically disposed two.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述防止食物嵌塞的矫正器,其特征在于,所述底膜(6)和表膜为软质且透明材料制成。 1 according to the prevent food impaction brace, characterized in that said base film (6) and a table made of a soft film and a transparent material as claimed in claim.
CN 201510130047 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 A method of preventing food impaction braces CN104706432B (en)

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0428152A1 (en) * 1989-11-15 1991-05-22 Earl O. Dr. Bergersen Muscular expansion oral shield appliance
DE202005007981U1 (en) * 2005-05-18 2005-08-18 Bernhard Förster Gmbh Orthodontic device for moving lower jaw in relation to upper jaw, comprising one of two shaping elements divided into two connected parts
WO2006118771A2 (en) * 2005-04-29 2006-11-09 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment of teeth by aligners
CN102113917A (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-07-06 千吉文 Movable tooth corrector and manufacture method
CN102793587A (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-11-28 常州高新技术产业开发区三维工业技术研究所有限公司 Tooth correcting system
US20130122448A1 (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-05-16 Ormco Corporation Direct manufacture of orthodontic aligner appliance
CN203244463U (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-10-23 夏继明 Invisible oral appliance
CN203280513U (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-11-13 夏继明 Jaw guiding functional appliance
CN104287847A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-21 夏继明 Interactive appliance of upper and lower jaws
CN204501022U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-29 夏继明 Prevent the impacted unscrambler of food

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0428152A1 (en) * 1989-11-15 1991-05-22 Earl O. Dr. Bergersen Muscular expansion oral shield appliance
WO2006118771A2 (en) * 2005-04-29 2006-11-09 Align Technology, Inc. Treatment of teeth by aligners
DE202005007981U1 (en) * 2005-05-18 2005-08-18 Bernhard Förster Gmbh Orthodontic device for moving lower jaw in relation to upper jaw, comprising one of two shaping elements divided into two connected parts
CN102113917A (en) * 2010-03-10 2011-07-06 千吉文 Movable tooth corrector and manufacture method
CN102793587A (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-11-28 常州高新技术产业开发区三维工业技术研究所有限公司 Tooth correcting system
US20130122448A1 (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-05-16 Ormco Corporation Direct manufacture of orthodontic aligner appliance
CN203244463U (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-10-23 夏继明 Invisible oral appliance
CN203280513U (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-11-13 夏继明 Jaw guiding functional appliance
CN104287847A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-21 夏继明 Interactive appliance of upper and lower jaws
CN204501022U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-29 夏继明 Prevent the impacted unscrambler of food

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