CN104704158B - Appliance with a liquid guiding device - Google Patents

Appliance with a liquid guiding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104704158B
CN104704158B CN201380047595.XA CN201380047595A CN104704158B CN 104704158 B CN104704158 B CN 104704158B CN 201380047595 A CN201380047595 A CN 201380047595A CN 104704158 B CN104704158 B CN 104704158B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid
guiding
home appliances
outlet
plant air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201380047595.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104704158A (en
Inventor
阿尔贝托·比松
尼古拉·里德
朱塞佩·罗西
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Electrolux Home Products Corp NV
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Electrolux Home Products Corp NV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP12184363.5A priority Critical patent/EP2708636A1/en
Priority to EP12184363.5 priority
Application filed by Electrolux Home Products Corp NV filed Critical Electrolux Home Products Corp NV
Priority to PCT/EP2013/068494 priority patent/WO2014040923A1/en
Publication of CN104704158A publication Critical patent/CN104704158A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104704158B publication Critical patent/CN104704158B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F39/00Details of washing machines not specific to a single type of machines covered by groups D06F9/00 - D06F27/00 
    • D06F39/08Liquid supply or discharge arrangements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/20General details of domestic laundry dryers 
    • D06F58/22Lint collecting arrangements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L15/00Washing or rinsing machines for crockery or tableware
    • A47L15/42Details
    • A47L15/4214Water supply, recirculation or discharge arrangements; Devices therefor
    • A47L15/4219Water recirculation
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F58/00Domestic laundry dryers
    • D06F58/20General details of domestic laundry dryers 
    • D06F58/24Condensing arrangements

Abstract

The invention relates to a home appliance, in particular laundry treatment apparatus, dish washer, dryer or washing machine, comprising a liquid guiding device (41) having an inlet (52) and an outlet (54) and defining a liquid passage area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5) for passaging the liquid. The liquid guiding device (41) is adapted to guide liquid from the inlet (52) to the outlet (54). The outlet (54) is adapted to direct the liquid to a component of the appliance and/or to a predefined location of the appliance. The liquid passage area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5) of the liquid guiding device (41) is increasing in a first cross section dimension (D1) and is decreasing in a second cross section dimension (D2) along the flow direction (56) from the inlet (52) to the outlet (54) in a way such that the liquid passage area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5) is not decreasing from the inlet (52) to the outlet (54).

Description

Utensil with liquid guiding device
The present invention relates to a kind of include liquid guiding device home appliances, more particularly, to clothes treatment device, dish-washing machine, Drying machine or washing machine.
WO 2009/077291 A1 discloses a kind of clothes treatment device, and this clothes treatment device includes a sanitizer cartridge Put, for cleaning the fine hair (or cotton-wool) on the part (for example, heat exchanger) of this clothes treatment device.This cleaning unit has One rinse unit, can be guided to this part rinse fluid to remove fine hair, wherein this drift by means of this rinse unit Wash unit and there is a flow element, this flow element is disposed in the top of this part and is configured for making this flowing The dynamic pressure of the rinse fluid in element gathers.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of cost-efficient home appliances, wherein keep the part of this utensil And/or the precalculated position of this utensil does not have fine hair or cotton-wool.
In claim 1 the present invention is defined.Propose multiple specific embodiments in the dependent claims.
According to claim 1, a kind of home appliances, especially clothes treatment device, dish-washing machine, drying machine or washing machine, Including a liquid guiding device with entrance and exit.This liquid guiding device is adapted to guide liquid from this entrance To this outlet, wherein this outlet is adapted to guide liquid to the part (for example, heat exchanger) of this utensil and/or draw It is directed at the precalculated position of this utensil.This liquid guiding device defines a sectional area, and this sectional area constitutes for guiding this One liquid of liquid passes through area.This sectional area has, to outlet, first being gradually increased from this entrance along flow direction Sectional dimension and the second sectional dimension being gradually reduced, its mode be make this sectional area from the inlet to the outlet, i.e. along this The flow path of liquid is not gradually reduced.Avoid the sectional area being gradually reduced refer to this sectional area may be configured to along Flow direction keeps constant or is gradually increased or is slightly gradually increased.Should due to expanding this first sectional dimension constriction Second sectional dimension, can make the geometry of outlet of this liquid guiding device and have part to be cleaned or precalculated position Or the geometry of specific location is adapted.Therefore, the liquid spray leaving can be distributed, and makes this part or pre-determined bit Put and can equably be cleaned.Additionally, expand supporting this liquid guiding device in home appliances, especially with constriction sectional dimension Within the base of this home appliances or part one kind simple and space-saving integrate or arrange.
The inventors discovered that, the concrete shape of conduit allows fluid pressure fall to minimize, thus increase flow rate of liquid with And cleaning liquid being uniformly distributed in exit.
Compared with WO 2009/077291 A1, the sectional area geometry along flow direction is configured for avoiding The dynamic pressure of the liquid in liquid guiding device gathers.Also avoid bottleneck between this entrance and outlet.Therefore, support one Plant the manufacture of the cost-effective liquid guiding device of simple geometry construction.In addition, this geometry of sectional area allows liquid The flow resistance of body reduce it is therefore desirable to pump power lower.Limit or the limit that do not flow due to there is the flowing reducing System, so higher/bigger flow rate of liquid is possible.Sectional area change between entrance and outlet is designed such that liquid Dynamic pressure and/or liquid velocity do not change along flow path from the inlet to the outlet or at least do not increase.Pressed due to dynamic There is physical relation in power and liquid velocity, additionally advantageously control liquid velocity.
Above-mentioned first and second sectional dimensions are mathematically perpendicular to main or average or center liquid stream, that is, this first It is mathematically perpendicular to the mathematics main shaft each other and perpendicular to this flow path of the liquid with the second sectional dimension.
Preferably, the sectional area of fluid passage can be defined as every along the stroke of this mean flow direction or line Multiple planes of or Mean fluid flow direction main perpendicular to this at individual point.These planes are each across the first sectional dimension (being arranged to orthogonal with liquid flow direction) and across the second sectional dimension (be arranged to orthogonal with liquid flow direction simultaneously And simultaneously orthogonal with this first sectional dimension).Along liquid flow direction, the first sectional dimension of sectional area specifically gradually increases Big and its second sectional dimension is gradually reduced.This mode being gradually increased and being gradually reduced generation is to make section Long-pending or liquid is not gradually reduced from the inlet to the outlet by the value of area.In other words, along liquid flow direction, exist many The value of individual mathematics sectional area and these mathematical area does not reduce from the inlet to the outlet.Specifically, described value is along liquid flowing Direction increases or constant.
Above-mentioned size be located normal in a main or average or plane of central liquid stream and its change be with regard to This main or average or central liquid stream measures.If a size reduces, this change must pass through the second size Increase compensating, its mode is so that the sectional area of passage stream in this passage does not reduce certainly.
The entrance of this liquid guiding device connects to feed lines.Preferably, this liquid guiding device is and this A separate separate element of feed lines.Therefore, the different designs of the liquid guiding device according to specific purposes can To be associated with the feed lines of standard.Additionally, this home appliances can be keeped in repair in the way of cost-effective if it is necessary to If replacing liquid guiding device or feed lines.Preferably, this liquid guiding device includes and this feed lines An attachable special entrance.In one embodiment, this feed lines is flexible pipe line or flexible pipe.
In a preferred embodiment, this liquid guiding device is different by a kind of material from this feed lines Material manufacture, be therefore the element separating with this feed lines.For example, this liquid guiding device is by being molded separately And manufacture.
Preferably, this liquid guiding device or its at least a portion or outer shelly part are as rigidity or semirigid portion (for example, by rigid plastics) is formed.
Preferably, this part that liquid flows to thereon is heat exchanger.Clean fine hair on this heat exchanger in this device The performance of this heat exchanger is maintained on the life span of tool.For example, this heat exchanger be a heat pump heat exchanger (then Preferably, this heat exchanger is refrigerant evaporator or refrigerant heat device).Or, this heat exchanger be a cooling air/ Plant air heat exchanger, can be formed cross-flow or anti-flow-type heat exchanger and/or for example be used in condenser dryer.
Preferably, this clothes treatment device is heat pump drumdrier or the washing machine with functions/drying.Described turn Cylinder drying machine or washing machine include a heat pump, this heat pump include serving as evaporimeter come evaporated refrigerant and/or At least one heat exchanger of cooling technique air.Plant air stream in this heat pump drier is guided through this drying machine One compartment, that is, pass through for receiving a compartment of pending processing article, such as cylinder.Using plant air loop In the case of, there is provided this plant air passage is recycled to this processing chamber housing and from this in a closed loop manner for making plant air Processing chamber housing is circulated.In the case of ventilating drier (for example, without heat pump), using not providing closure The plant air passage in loop and this plant air passage pass through the outlet of this processing equipment casing or entrance by plant air Guide to and/or leave this processing chamber housing.Plant air stream is typically driven by a plant air air blast.Preferably, Plant air passage plant air stream is directed to outside cylinder and includes multiple different sections, and these sections include forming electricity One section of pond passage, is scheduled that at least one heat exchanger in this cell channel.(it is this cylinder through drum outlet Loading opening) among this plant air passage or part is pacified near drum outlet preferably by one to leave the air of cylinder The lint filter of row is filtered.
In a preferred embodiment, the sectional area of liquid guiding device is permanent from the inlet to the outlet along flow direction Fixed or substantial constant.For example, the first size of this sectional area is defined as the second size of height and this sectional area It is defined as width.Then described height and the long-pending of width are constant or substantial constant.
Preferably, this liquid guiding device has the one outlet region defining nozzle or at least including nozzle.One Being uniformly distributed of liquid spray is supported in nozzle like outlet region.This nozzle can as may be connected to this liquid guiding device its Separate partly the providing that remaining part is divided.Alternatively, this nozzle is this liquid guiding device at its exit region One entirety or one part.In this regard, these sections outside nozzle of this liquid guiding device can be made If providing for a single part or as stem portion (for example, multiple outer shelly parts).
According to a preferred embodiment, the outlet of this liquid guiding device includes a kind of line of rabbet joint shape shape, this shape Contribute to adapting to the good area having parts surface to be cleaned or precalculated position.Replace the continuous outlet of single two dimension Area, ' being somebody's turn to do ' outlet can be formed by 2,3,4, the 5 or more discontinuous regions separating, simultaneously in flow direction (from entering Mouthful to exporting) on maintain the requirement of sectional area that is constant, being slightly gradually increased or be gradually increased.For example, at these separately Each of discharge area or at least one or some (area of this outlet) upstream, there is provided this liquid guides One hopper of the infundibulate branch of device, this material mouth opens towards this area.
Preferably, this liquid guiding device in its exit region be bending and make liquid flow direction its export Change in region.Therefore, this liquid or liquid spray being guided to having parts surface to be cleaned or position is by letter Single constitution realization.
In a preferred embodiment, the outer end section of the outlet of this liquid guiding device is formed or at least includes One deflecting element, this deflecting element is adapted to make liquid deflect in this exit.This deflecting element is even strengthened Liquid is to effective guiding of the part that will be cleaned by this liquid or position or be aligned.
Alternatively, this liquid guiding device is formed or at least includes an expansion element, for being capable of this The liquid flow spatial distribution in exit.Preferably, above-mentioned deflecting element and expansion element are to predict in this exit simultaneously.
Preferably, this liquid guiding device includes extending towards the exit region of this liquid guiding device in its enclosure interior At least one deflector wall.This at least one deflector wall supports liquid towards the uniform flow of the exit region of this liquid guiding device Dynamic.Specifically, this at least one deflector wall be arranged to perpendicular to this liquid guiding device, by liquid flow direction and this One sectional dimension across a planar section.This at least one deflector wall advantageously the housing of liquid guiding device this At one side or the multi-lateral in a little inner sides integratedly, be especially integrally formed, it is thus provided that the stable arrangement of these deflector wall.
In another embodiment, this liquid guiding device carry for towards have surface to be cleaned, part or The device of vortex and turbulent flow is produced in the liquid of position flowing.These vortex devices are arranged at the outer exit region of outlet itself Place.The liquid flowing out from outlet passes through these and is vortexed device, thus turbulization and vortex are to strengthen from having in this liquid Fine hair is removed on surface to be cleaned, part or position.Specifically, this vortex device includes substantially along have passed through outlet The outlet rib that the flow direction of liquid afterwards extends.Preferably, at least some of these outlet ribs are peaces equally spaced from each other Row's.
According to a preferred embodiment, this liquid guiding device is along main flow direction from one or two section The stub area of the porch thought in plane to or the stub area close to exit be flat or substantially flat.? In the case of two sectional planes, these planes are seen as perpendicular to one another.This flat or base of this liquid guiding device In basis flat geometry contribute to the cost-effective manufacture of this liquid guiding device and its in this home appliances Space-saving arrangement.
Preferably, this liquid guiding device be by or substantially formed by preferably two or at least two guiding shells 's.This construction strengthens the simple production to complete liquid guiding device.
In order to realize the be aligned of several guiding shells, concrete first guiding shell and the second guiding shell, preferably in advance See one or more quasi-elements, this one or more quasi-element is arranged at this first guiding shell or this second guiding At shell or at this two guiding shells.These quasi-elements can be internal alignment type and/or external alignment type.Outside right Pseudotype provides the be aligned of this liquid guiding device (before or after assembling this liquid guiding device), and this be aligned is relatively In a part of this home appliances, this liquid guiding device will be mounted on the components.This be aligned is installed for simple This liquid guiding device provides installation guiding.One or more of quasi-elements ensure that this liquid guiding device direction should The accurate be aligned of the defined position in home appliances, such as with respect to cell channel or a part, to realize discharged liquid Body is towards the described accurate be aligned having part to be cleaned.These internal alignment type quasi-elements are used in this liquid of this assembling During the number of assembling steps of guide, this two or more shell is relative to each other adjusted.
In multiple preferred embodiments, a quasi-element can be configured to the line of rabbet joint, wheel rim, breech lock, snap-fitting And/or bracket or be disposed for design between these guiding shells removable connect or non-removable connection similar Element.
Preferably, this liquid guiding device be by or substantially formed by least two guiding shells, and these One of guiding shell is in a part for this home appliances casing or a part for part case or home appliances base shell A part among formed or be exactly this part.This geometrical construction provides the space-saving reduction of this liquid guiding device Height because it also serves as the shared wall elements of the other parts in this home appliances.Further, since to one of these shells Dual use, reduce number of components or required quantity of material.
In a preferred embodiment, this home appliances includes an article processing chamber housing and a plant air leads to Road, this plant air passage is used for guiding to plant air or is channeled out this article processing chamber housing so that empty using this technique Gas is processing article (for example, clothing or plate).In the case of described plant air passage, this liquid guiding device is preferably Form a part for described plant air passage.In other words, the outer surface of this liquid guiding device forms described plant air and leads to The part in road such that it is able to realize the space-saving assembling of home appliances, although incorporating a liquid guiding device.Close In described plant air passage, the plant air of plant air specifically circulation or as surrounding air suck and from this family With utensil or the outside plant air discharged or be expelled to its outside of home appliances casing.
Preferably, a part for guiding shell one plant air channel section of formation, wherein said plant air Channel section accommodates at least one heat exchanger and/or is a part for a heat pump cell channel and/or is home appliances bottom A part for portion's shell and/or be a static article processing chamber housing a part.
In the case of supporting desired space-saving construction, a plant air can be formed on lead to described Guiding shell at road section is arranged in the inner side of this plant air passage or outside accordingly to lead in this plant air This liquid guiding device of internal or external offer in road.
In a preferred embodiment, the part that the flow direction of this liquid guiding device extends or substantial portion are Plant air passage parallel to this home appliances or extend parallel to the flow direction in plant air passage.Therefore, Extraly strengthen the space-saving arrangement of this liquid guiding device.The flow direction of this liquid guiding device extends Longitudinal extending according to (center) bulk fluid flow direction is consistent.Preferably, the Longitudinal extending of this liquid guiding device is extremely Few X% is parallel to plant air passage, and wherein X is one of 50,60,70,80 or 90 these values.
Preferably, this home appliances is configured to clothes treatment device, especially drying machine or washing machine, wherein said clothing Thing processing equipment is included one and is processed the clothing processing chamber housing of clothing, plant air passage (this work using plant air Skill air duct can be formed for making plant air be dried with a plant air loop of closed loop cycle or in ventilated type In machine, plant air can be guided to and/or be channeled out this processing chamber housing by this plant air passage) and it is arranged in this work A heat exchanger unit in skill air duct.
Preferably, described heat exchanger unit includes first heat exchange being adapted for cooling down this plant air Device and be adapted for heating a second heat exchanger of this plant air.This first heat exchanger or this second heat exchange Device or this two (first and second) heat exchangers are routed in a channel section or the cell channel of this plant air passage In.This liquid guiding device is to be partially formed in this channel section or a section of this cell channel and by its shape Become, hence allow to the compactly designed of this clothes treatment device.
In a preferred embodiment, described channel section is routed in outside the top of the base of this device for clothing processing At shell, or described channel section is formed in and thus helps in these installing this clothes treatment device in described upper case Part.
In multiple preferred embodiments, part to be cleaned is had to be heat exchanger or lint filter, and this liquid The outlet of guide is designed in its clean operation by guiding to this heat exchanger extremely liquid or liquid spray At least a portion of a few part or this lint filter it is cleaned.Especially, this liquid or liquid spray are drawn The part leading the front side of heat exchanger or lint filter or plant air inlet face to guarantee hope is cleaned effective Cleaning.
Preferably, the entrance and exit of this liquid guiding device arranges with being in alignment with, and its mode is that this liquid is drawn The design leading device is with regard to positioned at the axis of symmetry pair along in the average or sectional plane of bulk fluid flow direction Ground is claimed to be formed.
Alternatively, the design of this liquid guiding device cuts with respect to along described in average or bulk fluid flow direction Facial plane asymmetrically configures.In the case of described asymmetrical design, in the entrance and exit of this liquid guiding device The heart is not in alignment with along this average or bulk fluid flow direction.
In other multiple embodiments, this home appliances includes more than one liquid guiding device, and these liquid guide Device each has an entrance and one outlet.Arrange during at least two liquid guiding devices it is possible to switching and partly Split towards the pressure liquid stream of some part surfaces having to be cleaned whole or full surface and/or flow velocity, thus with complete Whole surface cleaning compares liquid flowing pressure and/or the flow velocity increasing towards these part surfaces.Therefore, by increasing local Cleaning effect can provide the perfection of cleaning liquid to use.The arrangement of several liquid guiding devices can be by by one or many Individual control valve is arranged on the inlet upstream of these liquid guiding devices to supplement.This at least one control valve is controlled to allow by only One liquid guiding device (if desired or if necessary) is cleaning the Part portions of a part or precalculated position.
In the case of employing at least two liquid guiding devices in this home appliances, liquid guiding device can be used Only symmetric design or only asymmetrical design.Preferably, the geometry of the liquid guiding device of all uses is identical.Make Support the space-saving arrangement of whole group liquid guiding device with least one asymmetric liquid guiding device.
It is referred to multiple preferred embodiments of the present invention in detail, multiple examples of these preferred embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings Go out, these shown in the drawings of:
The schematic diagram of Fig. 1 clothes treatment device,
Fig. 2 according to the perspective view of the liquid guiding device of first embodiment,
Fig. 3 according to the perspective view of the liquid guiding device of second embodiment,
Fig. 4 according to the side cross-sectional view of the liquid guiding device of Fig. 2,
Fig. 5 according to the side cross-sectional view of the liquid guiding device of Fig. 3,
The details of Fig. 6 Fig. 5, shows exit region,
Fig. 7 according to the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of another embodiment,
Fig. 8 according to the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of another embodiment,
Fig. 9 according to the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of another embodiment,
Figure 10 according to the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of another embodiment,
Figure 11 according to the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of another embodiment,
Figure 12 includes the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of the deflecting element according to first embodiment,
Figure 13 includes the side cross-sectional view of the exit region of the deflecting element according to second embodiment,
Figure 14 according to the bottom view of the liquid guiding device of another embodiment,
The side cross-sectional view of the liquid guiding device according to the section line XV XV in Figure 14 for the Figure 15,
Figure 16 according to the side view of the liquid guiding device of another embodiment,
The rearview of the liquid guiding device according to the view XVII in Figure 16 for the Figure 17,
The cross-sectional perspective view of the base of Figure 18 clothes treatment device,
The perspective view of the base of Figure 19 clothes treatment device,
Figure 20 is according to outside base, the liquid guiding device with good grounds first assembling design embodiment the top of Figure 19 The perspective view of shell,
Figure 21 according to the side cross-sectional view of the upper case of Figure 20,
According to the side cross-sectional view of Figure 21, wherein liquid guiding device is in position after assembling Figure 22,
Figure 23 is according to outside base, the liquid guiding device with good grounds second assembling design embodiment the top of Figure 19 The perspective view of shell,
Figure 24 is according to outside base, the liquid guiding device with good grounds 3rd assembling design embodiment the top of Figure 19 The perspective view of shell,
The perspective view of the base of upper case of the with good grounds Figure 24 of Figure 25 band,
The side cross-sectional view of the base of Figure 26 clothes treatment device,
Figure 27 according to Figure 19 but with good grounds another embodiment for liquid guiding device liquid supply this The perspective view of individual base,
Figure 28 according to the top view of Figure 27, the upper case with good grounds another embodiment base,
Figure 29 according to the top view of Figure 27, the upper case with good grounds another embodiment base,
Figure 30 according to Figure 28, with one valve components base cross-sectional top view, and
Figure 31 is according to Figure 29, base carrying one valve components cross-sectional top view.
Fig. 1 shows the clothes treatment device 2 of a schematic representation, and this clothes treatment device is in this embodiment One heat pump drumdrier.This drumdrier or processing equipment 2 include a heat pump 4, this heat pump bag Include the refrigerant loop 6 of a closure, this loop includes the cold-producing medium flowing B of following order:One first heat exchanger 10, should First heat exchanger serves as evaporimeter to evaporate this cold-producing medium and cooling technique air;One compressor 14;One second heat is handed over Parallel operation 12, this second heat exchanger serves as condenser to cool down cold-producing medium and heating plant air;And an expansion gear 16, Cold-producing medium is back to first heat exchanger 10 from this expansion gear.The system being connected with by these unit Series of this heat pump 4 Together, this heat pump defines refrigerant loop 6 to cryogen pipeline, and cold-producing medium is circulated through this cold-producing medium ring by compressor 14 Road, as shown by arrow B.
Plant air stream in processing equipment 2 is guided through a compartment 18 of home appliances 2, that is, pass through for receiving One compartment of pending processing article, such as cylinder 18.Pending processing article are fabric, clothing 19, clothes, shoes etc.. Plant air stream is indicated by arrow A in FIG and is driven by plant air air blast 8.Plant air passage 20 is in cylinder 18 Outer guiding plant air stream A and include multiple different sections, these sections include forming an area of cell channel 20a Section, the first and second heat exchangers 10,12 are routed in this section.Plant air stream out from second heat exchanger 12 In passage 20b after entering, plant air air blast 8 is routed in this rear passage.The air that air blast 8 is transmitted is at one It is directed upwards in rising passway 20c to the dorsal part of cylinder 18.Leave rolling through drum outlet (being the loading opening of this cylinder) Among passage 20 or the lint filter 22 that arranges near drum outlet of part filters the air of cylinder 18 by one.This Optional lint filter 22 is arranged in the prepass 20d of another section forming passage 20, this prepass It is arranged at the front cover part rear of processing equipment 2 and adjacent thereto.The condensate being formed at first heat exchanger 10 is received Collect and be directed to condensate collector 30.
Condensate collector 30 is via a drainage pipeline 46, filter cell 24, draining pump 36, valve 38 and drawer pipe Road 50 connects to a condensate drawer that can extract out 40.That is, collected condensate can be pumped to from collector 30 and take out Drawer 40 (as removable storage tank), this drawer is arranged at the top office of processing equipment 2, and this can be taken out by user from here Drawer easily takes out and empties.
In one of the drying machine 2 with heat exchanger 10,12 problem it is, the fine hair of generation or cotton in dry run Wadding accumulation is on the surface of heat exchanger 10, and plant air has first passed around this heat exchanger.This be with or without optional Lint filter 22 be arranged between cylinder and first heat exchanger 10 in the case of all it may happen that.Accumulation is in heat exchanger Cotton-wool on 10 reduces the thermal efficiency of heat exchanger 10 and limits the flowing of plant air A.
In order to the fine hair of accumulation being removed from the surface of heat exchanger 10 or washing off, provide one near heat exchanger 10 Individual liquid guiding device 41.Condensate collector 30 is to connect via drainage pipeline 46, draining pump 36, valve 38 and feed conduit 48 It is connected on cleaning device 41, wherein draining pump 36 and valve 38 are controlled by the control unit of equipment 2.Alternatively, there is provided one Individual circulating pump (being not explicitly depicted in the accompanying drawings) so that condensate to be pumped to liquid guiding device 41 from collector 30, i.e. this circulation Pump is additional to draining pump 36 and provides.Fig. 2 shows the perspective view of the liquid guiding device 41 according to first embodiment.Liquid Guide 41 includes an entrance 52 (entrance area) and one outlet 54 (exit region).Liquid guiding device 41 is by liquid It is directed across fluid passage 57 from entrance 52 and reach outlet 54.Arrow 56 indicates liquid along device 41 in figs. 3 and 4 Average or main flowing.Generally, liquid guiding device 41 can be represented as or be considered fluid passage.This liquid guiding dress Put and there is an inner hollow space, this inner hollow space is filled with the stream from entrance 52 to outlet 54 flowing in operation Body.This inner space is that the inner surface of these walls being formed by device 41 is limited.
As shown in figure 3, the liquid that respectively constitutes of fluid passage 57 can be by by the sectional area C (C1...5) of area It is defined at each point along the stroke of this mean flow direction 56 or line perpendicular to this main or Mean fluid flowing side To multiple planes.These planes each across the first sectional dimension D1 (being arranged to orthogonal with liquid flow direction 56) and (it is arranged to orthogonal with liquid flow direction 56 and just with this first sectional dimension D1 across the second sectional dimension D2 simultaneously Hand over).Along liquid flow direction 56, first sectional dimension D1 of sectional area C be gradually increased and its second sectional dimension D2 by Decrescence little (Fig. 4).This mode being gradually increased and being gradually reduced generation is so that the value of sectional area is not to going out from entrance 52 Mouth 54 is gradually reduced.In other words, along liquid flow direction 56, there is mathematics sectional area C, C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5 (in figure Indicated from dotted line in 3) and the value of these mathematical area C, C1, C2, C3, C4 and C5 is not to outlet 54 reduction from entrance 52. Specifically, described value is to increase or constant along liquid flow direction 56.
A longitudinal cross-section plane can be represented with bulk fluid flow direction 56 and the first sectional dimension D1.Can be with master Liquid flow direction 56 and the second sectional dimension D2 is wanted to represent another longitudinal cross-section plane.At least along positioned at fluid passage In the partial sector of liquid path between 57 entrance 52 and outlet 54, the inner wall surface of liquid guiding device 41 and preferably It is substantially flat with respect to one or two longitudinal cross-section planes that ground also has outer wall surface.
Exit region 54 include having preferably or substantially rectangular cross-sectional configuration section a line of rabbet joint 58 (Fig. 2, Fig. 5).In root According in the embodiment of Fig. 5, the line of rabbet joint 58 meets a jet expansion 60 of nozzle 62.In the opposite sides of jet expansion 60, nozzle 62 include a nozzle entrance 64.Nozzle 62 is a part for whole liquid guiding device 41.It can be to guide dress with liquid Put 41 integrally or form.Alternatively, nozzle 62 is initial separate as one in the assembling process of equipment 2 Part may be connected on the remainder of liquid guiding device 41.
With regard to nozzle 62, its jet expansion 60 defines a nozzle cross-section, and this nozzle cross-section is according to described principle It is no less than liquid guiding device 41, sectional area be located at described nozzle cross-section upstream with respect to liquid flow direction 56. But, this nozzle cross-section has the value equal with sectional area C5 or the value (Fig. 3) more than this sectional area C5.
Preferably, liquid guiding device 41 is bent due to the concrete geometry designs of nozzle 62 in its exit region 54 (Fig. 5).The design being bent by means of it, nozzle 62 allows liquid flow direction 56 to change in exit region 54.
Fig. 6 shows the nozzle 62 according to Fig. 5.The circular angle designing corresponding to 90 ° of this bending.Correspondingly, liquid Body flow direction 56 changes about 90 ° at jet expansion 60.By means of different nozzle designs, liquid flow direction 56 changes Less than 90 ° (Fig. 7) or more than 90 ° (Fig. 8).
Fig. 9 shows the embodiment of a nozzle 62 including jet expansion 60, this jet expansion and nozzle entrance 64 phase Ratio is horn-like expansion.In Fig. 10, jet expansion 60 has bending on the direction to starting liq flow direction 56 Stroke.According to Figure 11, liquid flow direction 56 changes substantially 90 ° at jet expansion 60, and wherein nozzle 62 enters in its nozzle The stroke of the bending between mouth 64 and jet expansion 60 is configured to roundabout shape.
Figure 12 shows a liquid guiding device 41 including wall-like deflecting element 66, and this wall-like deflecting element causes liquid Body deflects at outlet 54.Deflecting element 66 is oriented at a plane being approximately perpendicular to starting liq flow direction 56 In and extend beyond jet expansion 60.Thus, liquid is sprayed (with liquid in the major part of device 41 forward towards rear side Flowing is contrary) it is preferred and do not leave the loss of liquid of heat exchanger 10 front side (comparing Figure 26).
Figure 13 shows a wall-like or roof shape deflecting element 66 according to another embodiment.Deflecting element 66 is again Secondary it is oriented in a plane being approximately perpendicular to starting liq flow direction 56.It extends downward beyond liquid guiding device 41 exit region 54 and be routed in along starting liq flow direction 56 extend one outlet rod 68 end.Cause This, this nozzle 62 defines the outlet 54 with liquid flow board expansion and deflection.
The embodiment of the liquid guiding device 41 according to Figure 14 includes several deflector wall 67.These deflector wall 67 are arranged Inside the housing 69 of liquid guiding device 41.Therefore, total of four deflector wall 67 is indicated as hidden parts by dotted line.This A little deflector wall 67 extend along average or bulk fluid flow direction 56 towards the exit region 54 of liquid guiding device 41, therefore The line of rabbet joint 58 is divided into five line of rabbet joint sections 59, this five line of rabbet joint sections have different extensions along the first sectional dimension D1. These deflector wall 67 be arranged to perpendicular to liquid guiding device 41, by liquid flow direction 56 and the first sectional dimension D1 institute Across a planar section (Figure 15).As shown in Figure 15, these deflector wall 67 are the housings 69 in liquid guiding device 41 Inner side at integratedly, be especially integrally formed.These deflector wall 67 support the Uniform Flow towards exit region 54 for the liquid.
In another embodiment, this liquid guiding device 41 carries for having surface to be cleaned or position in direction The device of vortex and turbulent flow is produced in the liquid put.At the exit region 54 that these devices are arranged at outside nozzle 62 and include One outlet rib 65 (Figure 16).These outlet ribs 65 extend substantially along the second sectional dimension D2 and are along the first section (Figure 17) of dimension D 1 arrangement equally spaced from each other.Pass through these from the liquid of outlet 54 outflow and export rib 65, thus in this liquid Turbulization and vortex are to strengthen from there being removal fine hair surface to be cleaned or position.
Figure 18 shows the pedestal section 5 of this processing equipment or the cross-sectional perspective view of base, this pedestal section or base bag Include a upper case 70 and a corresponding lower case 72.In base 5, lower case 72 and upper case 70 at least portion Define plant air passage 20 with dividing.Specifically, shell 70,72 together form cell channel 20a shown in Fig. 1, Wherein this first and second heat exchanger 10,12 is routed in cell channel 20a.Upper case 70 and liquid guiding device 41 At least partially serve as cell channel 20a and therefore a cover piece of plant air passage 20 or involucrum.In other words, liquid Guide 41 is the part of plant air passage 20 or a part.Liquid is provided to the entrance of liquid guiding device 41 52 and then via fluid passage 57 reach outlet 54.At exit region 54, liquid is directed to wall-like deflecting element 66 And deflect towards the front surface 74 of first heat exchanger 10 therefrom.Liquid or liquid spray are inswept along front surface 74, because Fine hair on this cleaning heat exchanger 10.In figure 18, deflecting element 66 be the upper case 70 of pedestal section 5 a part simultaneously And be not the integral part of conduit outlet 54 according to Figure 12 and Figure 13.
Compared with Figure 18, in addition the embodiment according to Figure 19 shows corresponding with feed conduit 48 conduit.
Figure 20 shows the first embodiment according to assembling liquid guiding device 41, the base with liquid guiding device 41 5 upper case 70.It is substantially by two guiding shells (one first guiding shell 78 and one second guiding shell 76) formed.Second guiding shell 76 is integrally formed at upper case 70 and is therefore formed at plant air passage In 20 section.Separate first guiding shell 78 is placed and is arranged at the inner side of upper case 70 and therefore exists At the inner side of plant air passage 20 (special cell channel 20a), to provide complete in the inside of plant air passage 20 Liquid guiding device 41.
Figure 21 shows in bottom and the above-mentioned inner side of the separate first guiding shell 78 is installed, this be by by it along Installation direction M guides and guides shell 76 to complete to be fixed to shell 78 on shell 76 to top second, and this second draws Lead shell to be integratedly arranged at upper case 70.After will be assembled with one another for this two shell 76,78, liquid guiding device 41 It is in (Figure 22) under the position after assembling or state.Top board attachment in this inner side this have the advantage that, liquid along shell 76, In the case of connecting line leakage between 78, the liquid of leakage is collected in cell channel 20a, and this cell channel is in its bottom (bottom enclosure 72) place defines the condensate collector 30 shown in Fig. 1 and Figure 18.Therefore, there is no liquid energy and electric part Or outer, drying machine 2 the interior thereof of plant air passage 20 touches.
In fig 23, upper case 70 integratedly carries the second guiding shell 76, and this second guiding shell is configured to Covered by the first guiding shell 78 in the outside of cell channel 20a or outside.
In the embodiment of Figure 24, in first number of assembling steps, two separate guiding shells 80 interact with each other To set up a liquid guiding device 41 (as a separate element).By after assembling in another one number of assembling steps (complete) liquid guiding device 41 (Figure 25) inserts this liquid guiding device 41 shape when in the wall opening 82 of cell channel 20a Become a closing element or wall elements.Therefore, during assembling liquid guiding device 41, plant air passage 20 is opened in wall It is automatically turned off, covers and especially sealed at mouth 82.In the vertical section in front and back of the base 5 shown in Figure 26, can see Closed to opening 82 by device 41.As indicated by arrow 56 and B, through cell channel 20a plant air stream B be with through liquid The extension of body guide 41 or most liquid main flow 56 are parallel but contrary.
According to the enforcement of Figure 27 be illustrated a section of liquid conduits 34 (as the replacement of feed conduit 48) with In to liquid guiding device 41 supply liquid.Compared with here and the version shown in Figure 26, liquid conduits 34 in entrance 52 The section of positive upstream is vertical and comes from above.
At the upper case 70 of base 5, in Figure 28, contemplate the asymmetrical arrangement of two liquid guiding devices 41.Figure 29 Show the unsaturated mercury discharge lamp of two liquid guiding devices 41 with different designs.
The above-mentioned arrangement of two liquid guiding devices 41 can by by a control valve 84 be arranged on these devices 41 with (Figure 30, Figure 31) is supplemented between condensate.This control valve 84 is controlled to allow (to be it desired to by only one device 41 Words or if necessary) carry out the Part portions of cleaning heat exchanger 10 (or another desired part/position).With this operation Pattern, cleaning requirement at least two action of part, that is, supply liquid to the left/right front surface 74 of heat exchanger 10.Another Aspect, splits by this switching and partly, with full surface cleansing phase ratio in above example, increases towards these offices The pressure liquid stream on portion surface and/or flow velocity.Therefore, the perfection of cleaning liquid can be provided to make by increasing local cleaning effect With.
Reference numeral inventory
2 processing equipment 56 (average or main) liquid flow directions
4 heat pump 57 fluid passage
5 pedestal section 58 line of rabbet joint
6 refrigerant loop 59 line of rabbet joint section
8 air blast 60 jet expansion
10 first heat exchanger 62 nozzle
12 second heat exchanger 64 nozzle entrance
14 compressor 65 exports rib
16 expansion gear 66 deflecting element
18 cylinder 67 deflector wall
19 clothings 68 export rod
20 plant air passage 69 housing
20a cell channel 70 upper case
Passage 72 lower case after 20b
20c rising passway 74 front surface
20d prepass 76 second guides shell
22 filter element 78 first guides shell
The separate guiding shell of 24 condensation water filters 80
30 condensate collector 82 wall opening
34 liquid conduits 84 control valve
36 draining pump A plant air streams
38 valve B cold-producing medium streams C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5
40 condensate sectional areas
41 liquid guiding device D1 the first sectional dimensions
46 drainage pipeline D2 the second sectional dimensions
48 feed conduit M installation directions
50 drawer pipelines
52 entrances
54 outlets

Claims (21)

1. home appliances, including a liquid guiding device (41), this liquid guiding device has an entrance (52) and one Export (54) and define that the liquid passing through for liquid passes through area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5),
Wherein this liquid guiding device (41) is adapted for guiding to this outlet (54) liquid from this entrance (52),
Wherein this outlet (54) is adapted for guiding this liquid to a part of this home appliances and/or guiding to this One precalculated position of home appliances, and
The liquid of wherein this liquid guiding device (41) passes through area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5) along main flow direction (56) from this entrance (52) to this outlet (54) be gradually increased in terms of the first sectional dimension (D1) and be at second section That face size (D2) aspect is gradually reduced so that this liquid pass through area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5) from this entrance (52) arrive this Outlet (54) is not gradually reduced, and wherein, this first sectional dimension (D1) and this second sectional dimension (D2) are mathematically hung down Straight in the mathematics main shaft each other and perpendicular to this main flow direction (56).
2. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this liquid pass through area (C, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5) along this Main flow direction (56) is constant or substantial constant from this entrance (52) to this outlet (54).
3. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this outlet (54) form a nozzle (60).
4. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this outlet (54) have a kind of line of rabbet joint shape (58) or substantially There is a kind of line of rabbet joint shape (58).
5. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this liquid guiding device (41) is in this liquid guiding device (41) The region of outlet (54) in be bending and this main flow direction (56) is changed in the region of this outlet (54).
6. the outside end of home appliances according to claim 1, the wherein outlet (54) in this liquid guiding device (41) In end section,
This liquid guiding device (41) is formed or includes a deflecting element (66), and this deflecting element is adapted for making Liquid deflects at this outlet (54) place, or
This liquid guiding device (41) is formed or includes an expansion element, for being capable of the liquid in this exit Fluid space is distributed.
7. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this liquid guiding device (41) include
In internal at least one deflector wall (67) of its housing (69) for making the liquid deflector flowing towards this outlet (54), And/or
The vortex device (65) of vortex is produced in the liquid in this outlet (54) downstream.
8. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein in one or two section along this main flow direction (56) In facial plane, the stub area of stub area from this entrance (52) for this liquid guiding device (41) to this outlet (54) place or Stub area to this outlet (54) place is nearby flat or substantially flat.
9. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this liquid guiding device (41) are by least two guiding shells Formed.
10. home appliances according to claim 9, wherein said at least two guiding shells include the first guiding shell and Second guiding shell, the described first guiding shell and described second guiding one of shell or both are provided with one or Multiple quasi-elements, and described quasi-element be designed to by described first guiding shell and described second guiding shell It is aligned or for the described first guiding shell and described second are guided at least one of shell and home appliances base shell A part be aligned.
11. home appliances according to claim 9 or 10, wherein one of this at least two guiding shell guiding shell (76) be formed in home appliances casing or part case or home appliances base shell or this home appliances casing or should Part case or a part for this home appliances base shell.
12. home appliances according to claim 1,
Wherein this part is that the outlet (54) of a heat exchanger and this liquid guiding device (41) is designed in behaviour At least one portion (74) in work guiding liquid to this heat exchanger it is cleaned, or
Wherein this part is that the outlet (54) of a lint filter and this liquid guiding device (41) is designed to Liquid is guided at least one portion to this lint filter it is cleaned in operation.
13. home appliances according to claim 11, further include:One article processing chamber housing (18) and a technique Air duct (20), this plant air passage is used for guiding to plant air (A) or is channeled out this article processing chamber housing (18) to process article (19) using this plant air (A), wherein this liquid guiding device (41) forms this plant air A part for passage (20).
14. home appliances according to claim 13, the plant air being formed with this guiding shell (76) leads to Road section
Accommodate at least one heat exchanger, or
It is a part for a heat pump cell channel, or
It is a part for the bottom enclosure of home appliances, or
It is a part for static article processing chamber housing (18).
15. home appliances according to claim 13 or 14, wherein this guiding shell (76) is placed on this technique sky The inner side of gas passage (20) or outside are so that accordingly in this liquid of internal or external offer of this plant air passage (20) Guide (41).
The main flowing side in edge of 16. home appliances according to claim 13 or 14, wherein this liquid guiding device (41) To extend a part or substantial portion parallel to this home appliances plant air passage (20), wherein this plant air lead to This plant air (A) is guided to or is channeled out this article processing chamber housing (18) to use this plant air (A) by road (20) To process article (19).
17. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this home appliances are dish-washing machines.
18. home appliances according to claim 1, wherein this home appliances are clothes treatment devices.
19. home appliances according to claim 18, wherein this home appliances are drying machine or washing machine.
20. home appliances according to claim 18 or 19, this clothes treatment device includes:
One clothing processing chamber housing, for processing clothing using plant air (A),
One plant air passage, is used for making this plant air (A) circulate in plant air loop or is used for this technique Air guides to or is channeled out this clothing processing chamber housing, and
One heat exchanger unit being arranged in this plant air passage, this heat exchanger unit includes being adapted for Cool down the first heat exchanger (10) of this plant air (A) and one that is adapted for heating this plant air (A) Second heat exchanger (12),
Wherein this first heat exchanger (10) or this second heat exchanger (12) or this first heat exchanger and the second heat exchange Device is arranged in a channel section or the cell channel of this plant air passage, and this liquid guiding device (41) part Be formed in this channel section or a section of cell channel and formed by this section.
21. home appliances according to claim 20, wherein this channel section are the bases (5) of this clothes treatment device Upper case (70) or be formed in this upper case.
CN201380047595.XA 2012-09-14 2013-09-06 Appliance with a liquid guiding device Active CN104704158B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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EP12184363.5A EP2708636A1 (en) 2012-09-14 2012-09-14 Appliance with a liquid guiding device
EP12184363.5 2012-09-14
PCT/EP2013/068494 WO2014040923A1 (en) 2012-09-14 2013-09-06 Appliance with a liquid guiding device

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CN104704158B true CN104704158B (en) 2017-02-22

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EP (2) EP2708636A1 (en)
CN (1) CN104704158B (en)
AU (1) AU2013314455A1 (en)
PL (1) PL2895650T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2014040923A1 (en)

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AU2013314455A1 (en) 2015-03-19
EP2708636A1 (en) 2014-03-19
PL2895650T3 (en) 2020-11-30
CN104704158A (en) 2015-06-10
EP2895650B1 (en) 2020-06-24
EP2895650A1 (en) 2015-07-22

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