CN104703448B - The server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine - Google Patents

The server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104703448B
CN104703448B CN201510144755.3A CN201510144755A CN104703448B CN 104703448 B CN104703448 B CN 104703448B CN 201510144755 A CN201510144755 A CN 201510144755A CN 104703448 B CN104703448 B CN 104703448B
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liquid
cooling
heat
gate
cold water
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CN104703448A (en
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潘展华
谢春辉
李敏华
谢志聪
乡建飞
陈华
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Guangdong Shenling Air Conditioning Equipment Co Ltd
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Guangdong Shenling Air Conditioning Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the server cabinet cooling system that a kind of gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine, including liquid-cooled suit business device rack, the liquid-cooled suit business device rack includes rack cabinet and sets machine in multiple liquid-cooled suits business device in cabinet cabinet, direct liquid-cooling heat radiation is carried out to liquid-cooled suit business device provided with liquid cooling apparatus, gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig is additionally provided with and carries out auxiliary heat dissipation.High density of the present invention refrigeration, heat exchange efficiency is high, energy consumption is low, can solve that hot localised points, floor space are small, reliability is high, noise is small, long lifespan.

Description

The server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine
Technical field
The present invention relates to server cabinet cooling system, more particularly to a kind of gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cold charge Put the server cabinet cooling system of combination.
Background technology
With being continuously increased for IDC computer room of internet data center high density racks, the integrated level more and more higher of equipment, place Reason ability also gradually increases, but the power consumption of equipment also increases therewith, causes the caloric value of equipment within machine cabinet more.According to system Meter, equipment cabinet server caloric value is big in domestic large-scale IDC computer rooms at present, and essentially annual 8760h operations, new for not using For the computer room of wind, whole year is both needed to cooling, causes air conditioning energy consumption huge, and its air conditioning energy consumption accounts for data center module entirety energy consumption 40%~50%.
Traditional data computer room air supply mode has the air-supply of bottom plate air channel, the air-supply of cold and hot channel separation and full room refrigeration air-supply etc. Mode, the pattern have been unsatisfactory for modernizing the refrigeration demand of computer room high density rack, occur that hot-spot, power consumption is big, machine The problems such as room air conditioning energy consumption is too high, noise is big.Precise machine room air conditioner need to humidify repeatedly simultaneously, dehumidify operating or supporting special dehumidifying Machine carries out computer room air humidity, dew point control, to ensure that condensation does not occur for device interior, causes computer-room air conditioning system refrigerating efficiency Reduce, energy consumption increase.If computer room heat dissipation problem solve it is bad, will serious threat calculator room equipment safe operation.Therefore How in the case where meeting equipment requirement, the energy consumption for effectively reducing air-conditioning system in computer room is air conditioner industry and modem The major issue that operation industry in room faces.
Consider have directly use the indoor scheme for computer room cooling of outdoor air introducing at present, its is excellent from Energy Angle Point is high cooling efficiency, initial cost is low, energy consumption is low, but shortcoming is after introducing outdoor cold air so that room air cleanliness factor, wet Degree is difficult to ensure that, brings potential safety hazard, and later stage operation maintenance amount is larger.Also have in addition using gas gas honeycomb heat exchanger, will Heat pipe hot-air and outdoor cold air indirect heat exchange, so as to reduce temperature in computer room;Its advantage be using outdoor cold source when not Outdoor air is introduced, does not influence the cleanliness factor and humidity of the air in computer room, shortcoming is that initial cost is of a relatively high, heat exchanger knot Structure is more complicated, easily blocks, it is necessary to which periodic cleaning, maintenance workload are big.
And with the development of server technology, the server application of high-power, high heat generation density is more and more, Er Qieshi Irreversible development trend, at present the maximum operation power of the single rack of part industry user reached 10~15kW left sides The right side, but due to the limitation of cooling air mode radiating efficiency so that the application of high-power server is also difficult to break through 15kW/ racks More than.
Liquid-cooling heat radiation is most efficient, the state-of-the-art heat sink conception that developed recently gets up, and its principle is that liquid exchanges heat to be situated between Matter is passed directly into the server internal with liquid cooling function, main heater element -- and heat caused by chip (CPU), which is taken away, (to be accounted for The 70~80% of whole server caloric value), using liquid-cooling heat radiation scheme, dashed forward in theory it is even possible that obtaining unit rack power Broken more than 50kW/.But current this heat sink conception exists only in Scientific Research in University Laboratory and only a few enterprises small range research, and One of fail to form applied generalization application, it is important that the reason for, it is its rack because this server using liquid-cooling heat radiation Built-in liquid cold water distribution system is needed, this just needs to carry out special custom design to liquid-cooled suit business device rack, and rack produces Producer is usually standardized production, can not be that liquid is cold at this stage also without the key technology for grasping the design of liquid cold water distribution system The enclosure product of liquid cold water distribution system built in the supporting offer of server user, the upgrading of particularly old computer room, if it is desired to Liquid-cooling heat radiation scheme is changed to, no matter whole server cabinets are all replaced as the rack of built-in liquid cold water distribution system It is that improvement project amount and cost are all very high, has greatly limited to the development popularization of liquid-cooling heat radiation technology.In addition, liquid-cooling heat radiation System can only take away 70~80% server caloric value, but still the heat for having 20~30% needs auxiliary refrigeration device to hold Load, more than 50kW high-density applications are up to for liquid-cooled suit business this Single Cabinet power of device, and each rack needs auxiliary cooling Device handles 10~more than 15kW heat (the 20~30% of general power), if auxiliary refrigeration device still uses traditional wind Cold radiating mode, easily there is the hot localised points problem of rack, influence the component life of server, this is also that higher density fluid is taken cold The problem of business device popularization and application can not be ignored.
The patent name of Application No. 201010261284.1 is《Server cabinet and its liquid cooling heat radiation system》China specially Profit discloses a kind of server cabinet, including shell, server and liquid cooling heat radiation system in the shell, the shell The interior heat-conducting plate being provided with close to the server, the liquid cooling heat radiation system include refrigerator outside the shell and by institutes State heat-conducting plate and the hot linked pipeline of refrigerator, heat caused by the server work in forming hot-fluid in the shell, The hot-fluid cools down at heat-conducting plate, and the pipeline extends outside the shell, and the opposite end with the refrigerator respectively Be connected, by the heat-conducting plate from the heat transfer that server absorbs to refrigerator at carry out heat exchange.Although the patent It is to use liquid-cooling heat radiation, but the heat of server is to absorb to take out of indirectly by heat-conducting plate, its cooling effect unobvious, causes to take The heat of business device efficiently can not be taken away by liquid cooling heat radiation system, therefore the problems such as have hot localised points, short life.
The patent name of Application No. 201210545675.5 is《A kind of server cabinet cooling system》Chinese patent it is public Driven a kind of server cabinet cooling system, including be placed in inside server cabinet liquid ice chest, water cooling dissipates in server cabinet Air radiator, the first liquid reserve tank and outdoor external condensation system in hot device, cabinet, liquid ice chest include the fin being integrated in a case Formula heat exchanger, plate type heat exchanger and the first water pump, plate type heat exchanger hot water side, the first water pump, the first liquid reserve tank and server machine Water-filled radiator connects into first circulation loop by pipeline in cabinet, air radiator, finned heat exchanger in external condensation system, cabinet And plate type heat exchanger cold water side connects into second circulation loop by pipeline.The patent is taken away first using second circulation loop and followed The heat of loop back path, but the radiator in first circulation loop is to carry out heat conduction to whole server cabinet inner air, is had no straight Connect and carry out heat conduction for server heater chip, this causes, and the patent radiating efficiency is low, effect is poor, in addition, first circulation is returned Road is provided with the first water pump, generates heat more, it is necessary to specially set heat exchanger to transmit the first water pump operation product during the first water pump operation Poly- heat, this undoubtedly causes to bear to system, so as to further reduce the radiating efficiency of system.
The content of the invention
It is good with refrigerating efficiency high effect it is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide one kind, will not The server that the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus that hot localised points problem occurs and need not be transformed rack combine Cooling system for computer case.
The above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved by following technical solution:
The server cabinet cooling system that a kind of gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine, including liquid-cooled suit business device Rack, the liquid-cooled suit business device rack includes rack cabinet and the multiple liquid-cooled suits being arranged in cabinet body business device, provided with liquid Device for cooling carries out direct liquid-cooling heat radiation to liquid-cooled suit business device, is additionally provided with gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and carries out auxiliary heat dissipation.This hair Bright to carry out main refrigeration by using liquid-cooling heat radiation technology, cabinet-level high temperature cold water heat dissipation technology carries out auxiliary cooling, major-minor cooperation Refrigeration, one side refrigerating efficiency high effect is good, is not in hot localised points problem, on the other hand, scheme provided by the invention without Rack need to be transformed, this provides the possibility popularized and used to liquid-cooling heat radiation.
The liquid cooling apparatus includes liquid cooling heat radiator, distributor, current collector and a heat transferring medium, the liquid cooling heat radiator For being radiated to server chips, the distributor is connected by more feed liquor connecting branches with liquid cooling heat radiator, and liquid is cold Radiator goes out liquid connecting branch by more again and is connected with the current collector, and a heat transferring medium passes through distributor and feed liquor Connecting branch enters liquid cooling heat radiator, then by going out liquid connecting branch outflow liquid cooling heat radiator and being collected by current collector.Once change Thermal medium enters liquid cooling heat radiator by distributor by feed liquor connecting branch, then is formed by going out liquid connecting branch into current collector The heat of liquid-cooled suit business device is taken away in circulation.
Further, described liquid cooling apparatus is external is arranged on rack cabinet.It is excellent using fixed or movably arranged Select fixedly mounted.
Heat transferring medium is running water, pure water, organic solution, inorganic solution or freon.It is preferred that using pure Water purification.The feed liquor connecting branch and to go out liquid connecting branch be hard state tube or soft state pipe.It is preferred that soft state pipe.
The liquid cooling heat radiator is near server chips, or is directly contacted with server chips.
The gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig includes cold-water heat exchanger, connecting line and secondary heat exchange medium, the cold water Heat exchanger is arranged on liquid-cooled suit business device rack or liquid cooling apparatus, and loads secondary heat exchange medium by connecting line.Specifically, The cold-water heat exchanger is arranged on the front door side or tailgate side of rack cabinet, is preferably mounted at tailgate side;Full aluminium can be used micro- Channel heat exchanger or copper pipe set aluminum fin-stock heat exchanger, preferably copper pipe set aluminum fin-stock heat exchanger.In addition, the cold-water heat exchanger can be with Axle turns to open, and the water inlet connecting tube and water outlet connecting tube of cold-water heat exchanger use soft state pipe.
Further, the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig also includes blower fan, and the assembling goes out cold-water heat exchanger Wind side.The blower fan can use centrifugal, axial-flow type, preferably mixed-flow, axial fan.
Further, the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig also includes cooling-water machine and water pump, and the cooling-water machine and water pump are set In outside computer room, and it is connected by connecting line with cold-water heat exchanger.
Secondary heat exchange medium is delivered to cold-water heat exchanger by the cooling-water machine by water pump, then flows back to cold water by cold-water heat exchanger Machine forms circulation and takes away partial heat.The secondary heat exchange medium is water or anti-freezing solution.
When the system is run, the caloric value of the liquid-cooled suit business device chip in liquid-cooled suit business device occupies gross calorific power about 80%, This partial heat is absorbed by liquid cooling heat radiator, and the once heat exchange by flowing through about 35~45 DEG C of liquid cooling heat radiator, temperature is situated between Matter is taken away so that the internal temperature of liquid-cooled suit business device chip is maintained at 60~70 DEG C of normal operating condition.Each liquid-cooled suit business The assignment of traffic of heat transferring medium of the liquid cooling heat radiator inside device and collect, completed by liquid cooling apparatus:Temperature about 35~ 45 DEG C of a heat transferring medium enters liquid cooling heat radiator after feed flow total pipeline flows into distributor by feed liquor connecting branch, inhales After the heat for receiving liquid-cooled suit business device chip, become 40~50 DEG C of state of temperatures, enter current collector by going out liquid connecting branch, flow back to Manifold road.
The caloric value of other elements in liquid-cooled suit business device occupies gross calorific power about 20%, and this partial heat passes through server Air stream caused by the blower fan of blower fan OR gate formula cold water heat-exchanger rig itself is taken away, and the cold water for flowing through gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig changes After hot device, the heat of air stream is by 12~15 DEG C of secondary heat exchange Absorption of Medium so that and airflow temperature is re-cooled to 20~ 25 DEG C or so, server takeaway service device inner member heat is back flowed back into, so circulation.12~15 inside cold-water heat exchanger DEG C secondary heat exchange Absorption of Medium heat after temperature be increased to 17~20 DEG C, water pump circulation power effect under flow into cooling-water machine weight After being newly cooled to 12~15 DEG C of cryogenic fluid, cold-water heat exchanger is flowed back to, so circulation.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
(1) separate design of server cabinet and liquid cold water distribution distributor is realized, rack is being marked without nonstandard customization Independently installed one liquid cooling apparatus with water distribution system can be allowed to possess and be provided for liquid-cooled suit business device on quasi- rack cabinet The distribution of the cold heat transferring medium of liquid and collect function, be advantageous to the applied generalization of liquid-cooling heat radiation technology;
(2) main refrigeration is carried out using liquid-cooling heat radiation technology, realizes VHD refrigeration and super-high energy-saving operation, only need to provide 35~45 DEG C of heat-exchange working medium (such as pure water) can be completed, without any mechanical refrigeration apparatus such as compressor cooling or system;
(3) auxiliary cooling, complete dry cooling condition operation, frozen-free aquatic products are carried out using cabinet-level high temperature cold water heat dissipation technology Loss that is raw, keeping away the wet humidification of 4 releases, air supplying distance is short, realizes the Effec-tive Function of blower fan, it might even be possible to which Blower-free operation (passes through Server itself blower fan is radiated), and effectively settlement server rack hot-spot and the problem of focus be present;
(4) whole system design is simple, and investment is low, hardly takes up any computer room space, and winding houses take up an area utilization rate;
(5) system realizes that data center module efficiently saves without power set, the noiseless, safety and environmental protection of operation inside computer room Energy, the purpose of safe and reliable operation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Wherein, 1, rack cabinet;2nd, liquid-cooled suit business device;3rd, liquid-cooled suit business device chip;4th, liquid cooling heat radiator;5th, current collector; 6th, distributor;7th, feed liquor connecting branch;8th, cold-water heat exchanger;9th, blower fan;13rd, water pump;14th, cooling-water machine;15th, once heat exchange is situated between Matter;16th, secondary heat exchange medium;17th, liquid connecting branch is gone out;Ith, liquid-cooled suit business device rack;IIth, liquid cooling apparatus;IIIth, gate-type cold water changes Thermal.
Embodiment
The present invention is made with reference to Figure of description and specific embodiment and further being elaborated, but embodiment is simultaneously The present invention is not limited in any form.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, the server cabinet cooling system that a kind of gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine, including Liquid-cooled suit business device rack I, liquid cooling apparatus II, gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III.Described liquid-cooled suit business device rack I includes cabinet Body 1 and liquid-cooled suit business device 2, liquid-cooled suit are engaged in having liquid-cooled suit business device chip 3 and liquid cooling heat radiator 4 inside device 2.The liquid cooling apparatus II Including distributor 6, current collector 5 and connecting branch 7.The gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III includes cold-water heat exchanger 8, blower fan 9, water Pump 13 and cooling-water machine 14.The distributor 6 and current collector 5 of the liquid cooling apparatus II are connected by feed liquor connecting branch 7 and feed liquor respectively Connect branch pipe 17 to be connected with liquid-cooled suit business device 2, the cold-water heat exchanger 8 of the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III is arranged on liquid cooling apparatus II On.
Described liquid cooling apparatus II is external to be arranged on rack cabinet 1, can use fixed or movably arranged, preferably It is fixedly mounted.
The connecting branch 7 of described liquid cooling apparatus II, can use hard state tube or soft state pipe, preferably soft state pipe, and feed liquor connects The both ends for connecing branch pipe 7 and feed liquor connecting branch 17 are tightly connected with liquid-cooled suit business device 2, distributor 6 and current collector 5 respectively.
The cold-water heat exchanger 8 of described gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III may be mounted at front door side or the back of the body of rack cabinet 1 Door side, is preferably mounted at tailgate side;The cold-water heat exchanger 8 of gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III can turn to open with axle, cold-water heat exchanger 8 Water inlet connecting tube and water outlet connecting tube use soft state pipe.
The blower fan 9 of described gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III is arranged on the air side of cold-water heat exchanger 8, and blower fan 9 can be adopted With centrifugal, axial-flow type, mixed-flow, preferably axial fan;Described cooling-water machine 14, wind-cooled cold-water machine, water cooling can be used cold Water dispenser or evaporating type condensing cooling-water machine, preferably wind-cooled cold-water machine.
Described liquid cooling apparatus II and liquid-cooled suit business device 2 a heat transferring medium 15, can use running water, pure water, Organic solution, inorganic solution, freon, it is preferred to use pure water.
The secondary heat exchange medium 16 of described gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III is more than 12 DEG C of high temperature cold water.
The cold-water heat exchanger 8 of described gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III, full aluminium micro-channel heat exchanger or copper pipe can be used Cover aluminum fin-stock heat exchanger, preferably copper pipe set aluminum fin-stock heat exchanger.
When the system is run, the caloric value of the liquid-cooled suit business device chip 3 in liquid-cooled suit business device 2 occupies gross calorific power about 80%, this partial heat is absorbed by liquid cooling heat radiator 4, and by flowing through about 35~45 DEG C of liquid cooling heat radiator 4, temperature once Heat transferring medium 15 is taken away so that the internal temperature of liquid-cooled suit business device chip 3 is maintained at 60~70 DEG C of normal operating condition.Each Liquid-cooled suit business device 2 inside liquid cooling heat radiator 4 a heat transferring medium 15 assignment of traffic with collect, it is complete by liquid cooling apparatus II Into:Heat transferring medium 15 of about 35~45 DEG C of temperature passes through feed liquor connecting branch 7 after feed flow total pipeline flows into distributor 6 Into liquid cooling heat radiator 4, after the heat for absorbing liquid-cooled suit business device chip 3, become 40~50 DEG C of state of temperatures, connected by going out liquid Branch pipe 17 enters current collector 5, flows back to manifold road.
The caloric value of other elements in liquid-cooled suit business device 2 occupies gross calorific power about 20%, and this partial heat passes through service Air stream caused by the blower fan 9 of device blower fan OR gate formula cold water heat-exchanger rig III itself is taken away, and flows through gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig III Cold-water heat exchanger 8 after, the heat of air stream is absorbed by 12~15 DEG C of secondary heat exchange medium 16 so that airflow temperature is again 20~25 DEG C or so are cooled to, back flows back into server takeaway service device inner member heat, so circulation.Cold-water heat exchanger 8 Temperature is increased to 17~20 DEG C after 12~15 DEG C internal of secondary heat exchange medium 16 absorbs heat, makees in the circulation power of water pump 13 After being cooled to 12~15 DEG C of cryogenic fluid again with lower inflow cooling-water machine 14, cold-water heat exchanger 8 is flowed back to, so circulation.

Claims (8)

1. the server cabinet cooling system that a kind of gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine, including liquid-cooled suit business device machine Cabinet, the liquid-cooled suit business device rack includes rack cabinet and the multiple liquid-cooled suits being arranged in cabinet body business device, cold provided with liquid Device carries out direct liquid-cooling heat radiation to liquid-cooled suit business device, it is characterised in that is additionally provided with gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and is aided in Radiating, the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig include cold-water heat exchanger, connecting line and secondary heat exchange medium, the cold water heat exchange Device is arranged on liquid-cooled suit business device rack or liquid cooling apparatus, and loads secondary heat exchange medium by connecting line, and secondary heat exchange is situated between The temperature of matter is 12 ~ 15 DEG C;The liquid cooling apparatus includes liquid cooling heat radiator, distributor, current collector and a heat transferring medium, institute State liquid cooling heat radiator to be used to radiate to server chips, the distributor passes through more feed liquor connecting branches and liquid-cooling heat radiation Device connects, and liquid cooling heat radiator goes out liquid connecting branch by more again and is connected with the current collector, and a heat transferring medium passes through Distributor and feed liquor connecting branch enter liquid cooling heat radiator, then flow out liquid cooling heat radiator and by current collector by going out liquid connecting branch Collect.
2. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, described liquid cooling apparatus is external to be arranged on rack cabinet.
3. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, a heat transferring medium is running water, pure water, organic solution, inorganic solution or freon.
4. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the feed liquor connecting branch and to go out liquid connecting branch be hard state tube or soft state pipe.
5. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the liquid cooling heat radiator is near server chips, or is directly contacted with server chips.
6. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig also includes blower fan, and the assembling is in the air side of cold-water heat exchanger.
7. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 6, its It is characterised by, the gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig also includes cooling-water machine and water pump, and the cooling-water machine and water pump are located at outside computer room, and It is connected by connecting line with cold-water heat exchanger.
8. the server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine according to claim 1, its It is characterised by, the secondary heat exchange medium is water or anti-freezing solution.
CN201510144755.3A 2015-03-31 2015-03-31 The server cabinet cooling system that gate-type cold water heat-exchanger rig and liquid cooling apparatus combine Active CN104703448B (en)

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CN1521591A (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-18 株式会社日立制作所 Rack-mount server system, its cooling system, rack cabinet and server assembly
US8051672B2 (en) * 2007-08-30 2011-11-08 Afco Systems Fluid cooled cabinet for electronic equipment
CN203219665U (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-09-25 广州高澜节能技术股份有限公司 Cooling system of server cabinet
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Address before: 528313 Shunde City, Foshan province Chencun town machinery and equipment Park, No. ten, No. Road, No. 8

Applicant before: Guangdong Shenling Air Conditioning Equipment Co., Ltd.

GR01 Patent grant
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