CN104696466A - Mechanism with speed amplifying effect and moment comparing function - Google Patents

Mechanism with speed amplifying effect and moment comparing function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104696466A
CN104696466A CN201510070212.1A CN201510070212A CN104696466A CN 104696466 A CN104696466 A CN 104696466A CN 201510070212 A CN201510070212 A CN 201510070212A CN 104696466 A CN104696466 A CN 104696466A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
planet wheel
gear
wheel base
internal
sun gear
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Pending
Application number
CN201510070212.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许修义
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许修义
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Priority to CN201510070212.1A priority Critical patent/CN104696466A/en
Publication of CN104696466A publication Critical patent/CN104696466A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H1/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion
    • F16H1/28Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B13/00Bundling articles
    • B65B13/18Details of, or auxiliary devices used in, bundling machines or bundling tools
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H1/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion
    • F16H1/28Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with gears having orbital motion
    • F16H1/32Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with gears having orbital motion in which the central axis of the gearing lies inside the periphery of an orbital gear
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H35/00Gearings or mechanisms with other special functional features
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/08General details of gearing of gearings with members having orbital motion

Abstract

The invention provides a mechanism with a speed amplifying effect and a moment comparing function. The mechanism comprises a sun gear, an inner gear, an outer gear, planetary gears, planetary gear shafts and planetary gear bases, wherein the inner gear and the outer gear are coaxially mounted with the sun gear; inner gear rings of the inner gear and the outer gear are meshed with the planetary gears; the planetary gears are sleeved with the planetary gear shafts; the planetary gears and the inner gear rings of the inner gear and the outer gear are simultaneously meshed with the sun gear; the planetary gear shafts are fixed on the planetary gear bases; the number of the planetary gears is 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6. The mechanism has the benefits that the structure is greatly simplified, the response is quick and reliable, the simple and convenient base design is provided, the mechanism is combined with different control device or additional motion input to implement a force or force comparator and a speed amplifier, the mechanism is highly flexible to use, different input ends are selected, and rotation directions of the two output ends are coaxially same in direction or coaxially reverse in direction.

Description

A kind of mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motion, particularly relate to a kind of mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function.
Background technique
Traditionally, when needing two to perform an action when employing motor or other power source, general design is, by gear, cam or linkage mechanism, an input motion is converted into two output branch roads, these two branch roads by the periodic law motion of design, stop one to perform an action two just must be allowed to perform an action stopping simultaneously simultaneously; These two perform an action and are actually that " rigidity " associate.
Make above-mentioned two to perform an action and have certain independence or be referred to as " flexibility ", general design can adopt two motors or two other power sources to drive two to perform an action respectively.Such design cost is high, and when adopting two power sources, its utilization ratio is often not high, and physical dimension is large, when needs two are dynamic work connectedly time, need to add sensor and signal processing system and control two respectively and perform an action and carry out in order, such reaction velocity is just relatively slow.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve traditionally, when needing two to perform an action when employing motor or other power source, general design is, by gear, cam or linkage mechanism, an input motion is converted into two output branch roads, these two branch roads by the periodic law motion of design, stop one to perform an action two just must be allowed to perform an action stopping simultaneously simultaneously; These two perform an action and are actually that " rigidity " associate, design cost is high, when adopting two power sources, its utilization ratio is often not high, and physical dimension is large, when needs two are dynamic work connectedly time, need to add sensor and signal processing system and control two respectively and perform an action and carry out in order, the deficiency that such reaction velocity is just relatively slow and a kind of mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function of providing.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function, comprise sun gear, internal-external gear, planetary pinion, planet wheel shaft, planet wheel base, described internal-external gear and sun gear are coaxially installed, the ring gear of described internal-external gear engages with described planetary pinion, described planetary pinion is linked on planet wheel shaft, ring gear and the described sun gear of described planetary pinion and described internal-external gear engage simultaneously, described planet wheel shaft is fixed on planet wheel base, described planetary pinion quantity is 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, described planetary pinion is evenly arranged in one centered by the axis of described sun gear circumferentially, described planet wheel base to be coaxially arranged on described sun gear and to be arranged in the side of described internal-external gear, described planetary pinion, internal-external gear, planet wheel shaft, planet wheel base composition planetary gear train, when external impetus acts on described sun gear, power is divided into two branch roads to export by described planetary gear train, a rotation exported as described internal-external gear, another exports the rotation for described planet wheel base, external impetus input also can act on described internal-external gear or and described planet wheel base on, so, described sun gear just becomes one of them output movement, i.e. optional described sun gear, one in described internal-external gear or described planet wheel base as input.
Further, also comprise and pulling pin, described in pull pin and be positioned at described planet wheel chassis outer side.
Further, described adjustable motion control device comprises adjusting screw rod, vernier, Regulation spring, slide block, described vernier, Regulation spring, slide block is coaxially arranged on described adjusting screw rod, one end of described adjusting screw rod is socketed in frame and described adjusting screw rod can only rotate around the axis of himself, other degrees of freedom of described adjusting screw rod is limited by frame, described vernier adopts with described adjusting screw rod and is threaded, described vernier there is the structure preventing from rotating, rotate described adjusting screw rod, described vernier moves along described adjusting screw rod axis and compresses or discharge described Regulation spring, fork configuration is provided with above described planet wheel base, fork configuration above described slide block next-door neighbour planet wheel base is arranged, the elastic force of described Regulation spring acts on described slide block, described elastic force to act on the fork configuration above described planet wheel base and makes the fork configuration above planet wheel base near described frame by described slide block again, described adjustable motion control device utilizes elastic force to lock planet wheel base, when planet wheel base is locked by elastic force, namely planet wheel shaft is locked, when sun gear rotates, described planetary pinion can only rotate in fixed axis around described planet wheel shaft, described planetary pinion drives described internal-external gear to rotate, when the load suffered by internal-external gear is less, described internal-external gear just gyrates, when the load that described internal-external gear bears increases to a certain degree even by outer load stall, described Regulation spring will be forced to compression, described planet wheel base will around described sun gear center rotating, described planetary pinion will make the compound motion of revolution motion or described planetary rotation and revolution around described sun gear, twist the size that namely described adjusting screw rod regulates elastic force, the threshold value of planet wheel base motions can be set.
Further, described adjustable motion control device also can be made up of torsion spring, ratchet, ratchet, knob, by the threshold value of planet wheel base motions described in the torsion setting that controls torsion spring, described adjustable motion control device also can be the gravity of constant weight, and the Action of Gravity Field of described constant weight, on described planet wheel base, sets the threshold value of described planet wheel base motions by the gravity of controlled loading, described adjustable motion control device also can be other active motion input of outside input, and other active motion of outside input or torsional interaction, on described planet wheel base, make described planet wheel base or locking or rotate forward or reversion, when a constant power or motion input from described internal-external gear, another additional motion or dynamic action are on described planet wheel base, the motion that then described sun gear exports is exactly the synthesis of two input motions, when changing the input speed acted on described planet wheel base, described sun gear will obtain the output speed scaled up, now, just be equivalent to one and have enlarge-effect " mechanical type triode ", therefore " speed enlarge-effect " is utilized to measure the motion of low-speed running or velocity variations, improve measuring accuracy, or the speed enlarge-effect of utilization reaches the object of speeds control.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1, the mechanism that small and exquisite is provided, without the need to automatical control system, just can be two independences or relevant movement output by a conversion of motion, it be applied to belt banding machine design, just a complexity, heavy automatic tie " machine " can be reduced to an automatic tie " rifle " (hand-held tool); Similarly, the present invention also can be used in other to be needed in the situation of the output that two-way or more is independent or relevant, can make that mechanism simplifies greatly, size reduces, it is fast, reliable to react.
2, the basic design that easy is provided, by can realize " power or moment comparator ", " velocity-variation amplifier " from different control gear or additional input movement combination;
3, the basic design that easy is provided, " triode " in similar electrical apparatus element, by section components is in parallel or the present invention is connected step by step or the mixing of series and parallel can realize multichannel or multistage independently or the output of associated, use very flexible.
4, the present invention not only an input motion can be converted into two or more independently or relevant output; Reversibly, two or more motions also can be synthesized an output by it.
5, another one beneficial effect of the present invention is: select different input ends, the rotation direction of two output terminals or coaxial in the same way or coaxially reverse, utilize this characteristic of the present invention to design and small and exquisite turn round line, turn round rope and winding tool.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is mechanism's blast axonometric drawing structural representation that the present invention has speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function;
Fig. 2 is mechanism's assembled shaft mapping structural representation that the present invention has speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function;
Fig. 3 is that the present invention is applied to automatic tie rifle and partial structurtes axonometric drawing is looked on a belt banding machine left side;
Fig. 4 is that the present invention is applied to automatic tie rifle and partial structurtes axonometric drawing is looked on the belt banding machine right side.
Reference character: 1, sun gear; 2, internal-external gear; 3, planetary pinion; 4, planet wheel shaft; 5, planet wheel base; 6, pull pin; 7, adjustable motion control device; 70, adjusting screw rod; 71, vernier; 72, Regulation spring; 73, slide block.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and the specific embodiments, the present invention is described further:
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function, comprise sun gear 1, internal-external gear 2, planetary pinion 3, planet wheel shaft 4, planet wheel base 5, described internal-external gear 1 is coaxially installed with sun gear 2, the ring gear of described internal-external gear 3 engages with described planetary pinion 3, described planetary pinion 3 is linked on planet wheel shaft 4, ring gear and the described sun gear 1 of described planetary pinion 3 and described internal-external gear 2 engage simultaneously, described planet wheel shaft 4 is fixed on planet wheel base 5, described planetary pinion 3 quantity is 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, described planetary pinion 3 is evenly arranged in one centered by the axis of described sun gear 1 circumferentially, described planet wheel base 5 to be coaxially arranged on described sun gear 1 and to be arranged in the side of described internal-external gear 2, described planetary pinion 3, internal-external gear 2, planet wheel shaft 4, planet wheel base group 5 one-tenth planetary gear train, when external impetus acts on described sun gear 1, power is divided into two branch roads to export by described planetary gear train, a rotation exported as described internal-external gear 2, another exports the rotation for described planet wheel base 5, external impetus input also can act on described internal-external gear 2 or and described planet wheel base 5 on, described sun gear 1 just becomes one of them output movement, i.e. optional described sun gear 1, one in described internal-external gear 2 or described planet wheel base 5 as input.
Preferably, also comprise and pull pin 6, described in pull pin and 6 to be positioned at outside described planet wheel base 5.
Embodiment 2:
As Fig. 3, shown in Fig. 4, be used on hand-held automatic tie tool or automatic strapping machine and use as " moment comparator ", dialling on fork configuration on described planet wheel base is connected with adjustable motion control device 7, described adjustable motion control device 7 comprises adjusting screw rod 71, vernier 72, Regulation spring 73, slide block 74, described vernier 72, Regulation spring 73, slide block 74 is coaxially arranged on described adjusting screw rod 71, one end of described adjusting screw rod 71 is socketed in frame and described adjusting screw rod 71 can only rotate around the axis of himself, other degrees of freedom of described adjusting screw rod 71 is limited by frame, described vernier 72 adopts with described adjusting screw rod 71 and is threaded, described vernier 72 there is the structure preventing from rotating, rotate described adjusting screw rod 71, described vernier 72 moves along described adjusting screw rod 71 axis and compresses or discharge described Regulation spring 73, fork configuration is provided with above described planet wheel base 5, the fork configuration that described slide block 74 is close to above planet wheel base 5 is arranged, the elastic force of described Regulation spring 73 acts on described slide block 74, described elastic force to act on the fork configuration above described planet wheel base 5 and makes the fork configuration above planet wheel base 5 near described frame by described slide block 74 again, described adjustable motion control device 7 utilizes elastic force to lock planet wheel base 5, when planet wheel base 5 is locked by elastic force, namely planet wheel shaft 4 is locked, when sun gear 1 rotates, described planetary pinion 3 can only rotate in fixed axis around described planet wheel shaft 4, described planetary pinion 3 drives described internal-external gear 2 to rotate, when the load suffered by internal-external gear 2 is less, described internal-external gear 2 just gyrates, when the load that described internal-external gear 2 bears increases to a certain degree even by outer load stall, described Regulation spring 73 will be forced to compression, described planet wheel base 5 will around described sun gear 1 center rotating, described planetary pinion 3 makes the rotation of revolution motion or described planetary pinion 3 and the compound motion of revolution by around described sun gear 1, twist the size that namely described adjusting screw rod 71 regulates elastic force, the threshold value that planet wheel base 5 moves can be set.
Further, described adjustable motion control device 7 also can be made up of torsion spring, ratchet, ratchet, knob, by control torsion spring torsion setting described in planet wheel base 5 move threshold value, described adjustable motion control device 7 also can be the gravity of constant weight, and the Action of Gravity Field of described constant weight, on described planet wheel base 5, sets the threshold value of described planet wheel base 5 motion by the gravity of controlled loading, described adjustable motion control device 7 also can be other active motion input of outside input, other active motion of outside input or torsional interaction, on described planet wheel base 5, make described planet wheel base 5 or locking or rotate forward or reversion, when a constant power or motion input from described internal-external gear 2, another additional motion or dynamic action are on described planet wheel base 5, the motion that then described sun gear 1 exports is exactly the synthesis of two input motions, when changing the input speed acted on described planet wheel base 5, described sun gear 1 will obtain the output speed scaled up, now, just be equivalent to one and have enlarge-effect " mechanical type triode ", therefore " speed enlarge-effect " is utilized to measure low running rates or velocity variations value, improve measuring accuracy, or the speed enlarge-effect of utilization reaches the object of speeds control.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Figure 2: utilize the characteristics design of invention to turn round rope, turn round line or winding tool, when input power being acted on described sun gear 1, described internal-external gear 2 and described planet wheel base 5 will obtain two coaxial reverse rotary motions, as long as connect known clip claw mechanism respectively to clamp the line or rope that will reverse on described internal-external gear 2 and described planet wheel base 5, just can make to be produced by the line that clamps or rope to reverse; When input power acts on described planet wheel base 5, described sun gear 1 and described internal-external gear 2 obtain two coaxial homophase rotary output motion, in this utilization, the outer rim of described internal-external gear 2 just not necessarily needs to make external toothing feature, only needs to adopt pin, screw, key or other connecting mode.
The announcement of book and instruction according to the above description, those skilled in the art in the invention can also carry out suitable change and amendment to above-mentioned mode of execution.Therefore, the present invention is not limited to embodiment disclosed and described above, also should fall in the protection domain of claim of the present invention modifications and changes more of the present invention.In addition, although employ some specific terms in this specification, these terms just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. one kind has the mechanism of speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function, it is characterized in that: comprise sun gear, internal-external gear, planetary pinion, planet wheel shaft, planet wheel base, described internal-external gear and sun gear are coaxially installed, the ring gear of described internal-external gear engages with described planetary pinion, described planetary pinion is linked on planet wheel shaft, ring gear and the described sun gear of described planetary pinion and described internal-external gear engage simultaneously, described planet wheel shaft is fixed on planet wheel base, described planetary pinion quantity is 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, described planetary pinion is evenly arranged in one centered by the axis of described sun gear circumferentially, described planet wheel base to be coaxially arranged on described sun gear and to be arranged in the side of described internal-external gear, described planetary pinion, internal-external gear, planet wheel shaft, planet wheel base composition planetary gear train, when external impetus acts on described sun gear, power is divided into two branch roads to export by described planetary gear train, a rotation exported as described internal-external gear, another exports the rotation for described planet wheel base, external impetus input also can act on described internal-external gear or and described planet wheel base on, described sun gear just becomes one of them output movement, i.e. optional described sun gear, one in described internal-external gear or described planet wheel base as input.
2. the mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise and pulling pin, described in pull pin and be positioned at described planet wheel chassis outer side.
3. the mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise adjustable motion control device, described adjustable motion control device is positioned at above described planet wheel base.
4. the mechanism having speed enlarge-effect and moment comparing function according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described adjustable motion control device comprises adjusting screw rod, vernier, Regulation spring, slide block, described vernier, Regulation spring, slide block is coaxially arranged on described adjusting screw rod, one end of described adjusting screw rod is socketed in frame and described adjusting screw rod can only rotate around the axis of himself, other degrees of freedom of described adjusting screw rod is limited by frame, described vernier adopts with described adjusting screw rod and is threaded, described vernier there is the structure preventing from rotating, rotate described adjusting screw rod, described vernier moves along described adjusting screw rod axis and compresses or discharge described Regulation spring, fork configuration is provided with above described planet wheel base, fork configuration above described slide block next-door neighbour planet wheel base is arranged, the elastic force of described Regulation spring acts on described slide block, described elastic force to act on the fork configuration above described planet wheel base and makes the fork configuration above planet wheel base near described frame by described slide block again, described adjustable motion control device utilizes elastic force to lock planet wheel base, when planet wheel base is locked by elastic force, namely planet wheel shaft is locked, when sun gear rotates, described planetary pinion can only rotate in fixed axis around described planet wheel shaft, described planetary pinion drives described internal-external gear to rotate, when the load suffered by internal-external gear is less, described internal-external gear just gyrates, when the load that described internal-external gear bears increases to a certain degree even by outer load stall, described Regulation spring will be forced to compression, described planet wheel base will around described sun gear center rotating, described planetary pinion will make the compound motion of revolution motion or described planetary rotation and revolution around described sun gear, twist the size that namely described adjusting screw rod regulates elastic force, the threshold value of planet wheel base motions can be set.
CN201510070212.1A 2015-02-11 2015-02-11 Mechanism with speed amplifying effect and moment comparing function Pending CN104696466A (en)

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CN201510070212.1A CN104696466A (en) 2015-02-11 2015-02-11 Mechanism with speed amplifying effect and moment comparing function

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CN201510070212.1A CN104696466A (en) 2015-02-11 2015-02-11 Mechanism with speed amplifying effect and moment comparing function
PCT/CN2016/070995 WO2016127755A1 (en) 2015-02-11 2016-01-15 Mechanism with speed magnifying effect and torque comparing function

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016127755A1 (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-08-18 许修义 Mechanism with speed magnifying effect and torque comparing function

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6866608B2 (en) * 2001-12-11 2005-03-15 Harmonic Drive Systems, Inc. Planetary gear device
JP2006182186A (en) * 2004-12-27 2006-07-13 Hisaki Sekkei Kk Driving mechanism for storage type monitor
EP2066925B1 (en) * 2006-09-30 2010-11-03 ZF Friedrichshafen AG Multi-stage reduction gear
CN201381525Y (en) * 2009-04-18 2010-01-13 赣州五环机器有限责任公司 Rotating planetary reducer
CN104150006A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-11-19 许修义 Hand-held automatic binding tool
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016127755A1 (en) * 2015-02-11 2016-08-18 许修义 Mechanism with speed magnifying effect and torque comparing function

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