CN104695497B - The upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works - Google Patents

The upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104695497B
CN104695497B CN201410839417.7A CN201410839417A CN104695497B CN 104695497 B CN104695497 B CN 104695497B CN 201410839417 A CN201410839417 A CN 201410839417A CN 104695497 B CN104695497 B CN 104695497B
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construction
native machine
machine
layer
peeling layer
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CN104695497A (en
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沈旭
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WUXI SANHE HEAVY MACHINERY CO Ltd
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WUXI SANHE HEAVY MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the upper native machine construction technologies of large-scale earth and rock works, construction can be divided into N layers, each layer is removed in construction to circulation in an orderly manner according to the lower depth dug every time according to construction depth.Steps are as follows: one, discharging hopper is arranged on the ground locating for the Construction Elevation of first layer construction area, excavation surface arranges excavating equipment, rear connects native machine and portable belt conveyer, according to the driving speed of excavating equipment, it is stepped up the quantity of portable belt conveyer, until the maximum functional length of upper native machine;Two, excavating equipment and upper native machine return to starting point, start the construction of the second peeling layer, when removing is to the length for needing to increase mobile belt machine, the mobile belt machine that the first peeling layer of original has been laid is moved to the second peeling layer by the driving speed of excavating equipment, carries out recycling each layer of orderly construction.The present invention makes full use of the construction machinery of preceding layer, and mechanical quantity is few, and construction worker is few, and easily, construction accident incidence is greatly reduced for management.

Description

The upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works
Technical field
The present invention relates to engineering fields, and in particular to the upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works.
Background technique
Construction of the upper soil machine primarily directed to large-scale earth and rock works and a large size of opencut engineering design research and development Engineering machinery.The equipment is broken, conveying function, big, service year limit for length heavy construction for construction party amount.Upper soil machine It is big with production capacity, high-efficient, adapt to complex working condition is constructed, transport gradient is big, it is easy to operate, easy to maintenance, realize The advantages that modern management, to complete heavy construction, ensuring that the construction period accomplishes strong guarantee.
Under the conditions of with advantageous construction equipment, to complete heavy construction, upper soil machine must have a set of reasonable construction Technique, ability reasonable arrangement, orderly construction.Since the construction breadth of heavy construction is vast, traditional construction method is difficult to carry out System arrangement, traditional construction machinery such as excavator is used cooperatively with transport vehicle, but its construction ability is lower, and construction machinery quantity is huge Greatly, construction worker is more, and it is more difficult to manage, and construction accident incidence also greatly improves, and is unfavorable for being normally carried out for construction.
Summary of the invention
Present invention generally provides it is a kind of can size, the length of construction period according to project amount, native machine on reasonable disposition Quantity, and basic realize automatically controls, construction continuously does not stop to break, and operator is few, the low upper native machine construction technology of failure rate.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the upper native machine construction work of large-scale earth and rock works Skill includes the following steps:
A. the first peeling layer is constructed
According to the construction depth of the construction area of every native machine in the sky, the depth of each cubic metre of earth and stone removing is determined;In construction area Arrange that discharging hopper, excavation surface arrange excavating equipment on ground locating for Construction Elevation, rear connects native machine and portable belt is defeated Machine is sent, portable belt conveyer is connect with ground discharging hopper;According to the driving speed of excavating equipment, it is stepped up movable type The quantity of belt conveyor reaches the maximum functional length of native machine;Translation and driving by excavating equipment, make entire first Peeling layer construction removing terminates;
B. peeling layer circulation construction
After the completion of the construction of the first peeling layer, excavating equipment and upper native machine return to starting point, enter the in the same way Two peeling layers, when removing is to the length for needing to increase mobile belt machine, i.e., the movement that has laid former first peeling layer Belt feeder is moved to the second peeling layer by the driving speed of excavating equipment, carries out recycling orderly construction;
Construction can be divided at least two layers, every layer of successively lower digging according to construction depth according to the lower depth dug every time, To guarantee that equipment has walking passageway, as soon as the every increase portable belt conveyer in starting point section, more equipment walkings Channel ultimately forms stepped profile to construction completion elevation.
The further improvement of upper native machine construction technology as large-scale earth and rock works of the invention is pressed according to construction area According to the duration, the quantity of the upper native machine is one or more, individually from a direction construct in construction area or more platforms on soil machine Cooperation is constructed in construction area from two or four direction;With deep continuous progress is dug, ultimately form with stair-stepping depth Foundation pit, different construction breadths ultimately form different foundation pit forms.
The further improvement of upper native machine construction technology as large-scale earth and rock works of the invention, upper soil machine are each in removing The cubic metre of earth and stone or mineral of peeling layer are delivered in ground transfer hopper by portable belt conveyer, with self-unloading engineering Vehicle is rejected to spoil ground or mining site, or is directly delivered to material maximal end point by belt conveyor.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: scientifically according to the size of project amount, the length of construction period, native machine on reasonable disposition Quantity, a set of equipment involved in this construction technology realizes that automatic control, construction continuously do not stop to break substantially, and systematicness is strong, grasps It is few to make personnel, management is easy, failure rate is low, can effectively guarantee construction speed, controls the construction period.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the upper native machine construction technology construction removing first layer original state signal of large-scale earth and rock works of the invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is that the upper native supreme native machine maximum functional of machine construction technology removing first layer of large-scale earth and rock works of the invention is long The schematic diagram of degree;
Fig. 3 is that the upper native supreme native machine maximum functional of the machine construction technology removing second layer of large-scale earth and rock works of the invention is long The schematic diagram of degree;
Fig. 4 is to form showing for stepped section after the upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works of the invention removes multilayer It is intended to;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of native machine coordinative construction on upper native two platform of machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the transfer schematic diagram of material that separates in the upper native machine construction technology of earth and rock works of the invention large-scale;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 6 medium cloud line part;
Fig. 8 is the material transfer schematic diagram of another form of construction work;
Fig. 9 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 8 medium cloud line part 1.;
Figure 10 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 8 medium cloud line part 2.;
Figure 11 is the material transfer schematic diagram of another form of construction work;
Figure 12 is the enlarged diagram of Figure 11 medium cloud line part;
Figure 13 is the material transfer schematic diagram of another form of construction work;
Figure 14 is the enlarged diagram of encircled portion in Figure 13;
Figure 15 is the material transfer schematic diagram of another form of construction work;
Figure 16 is the enlarged diagram of Figure 15 medium cloud line part;
Figure 17 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 1 discharging hopper into Fig. 5;
Figure 18 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 1 portable belt conveyer into Fig. 5;
Figure 19 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 1 upper soil machine into Fig. 3;
Figure 20 is the enlarged diagram of Fig. 1 excavating equipment into Fig. 5.
In figure: 1, discharging hopper 2, excavating equipment 3, upper native machine 4, portable belt conveyer 5, overfall.
Specific embodiment
Clearly understand to have to technical characteristic of the invention, purpose and effect, now compares attached drawing specifically Bright a specific embodiment of the invention.
The upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works, first according to construction drawing and geologic report, to the property of engineering, Content, technical requirements, the works such as surrounding enviroment, geological condition are conscientious, adequately research, march into the arena work of preparing for equipment.
Secondly, according to the size of project amount and duration, especially construction area and depth carry out machine native on construction equipment Reasonable selection and the quantity for determining construction machinery, are arranged, provide seat in the plane coordinate points.
Processing step is as follows:
According to the construction depth of the construction area of every native machine in the sky, the depth of each cubic metre of earth and stone removing is determined, such as Fig. 1 institute Show, it is assumed that construction area Construction Elevation is ± 0, lower every time to dig 4 meters of depth, the first peeling layer length removing most greatly enhancing to upper native machine Degree.Arrange that discharging hopper 1, excavation surface arrange excavating equipment 2 on ± 0 ground, rear connects native machine 3 and portable belt conveyer 4, portable belt conveyer 4 is connect with ground discharging hopper 1.According to the driving speed of excavating equipment, it is stepped up movable type The quantity of belt conveyor reaches the maximum functional length of native machine, such as Fig. 2.Translation and driving by excavating equipment, make whole A first peeling layer construction removing terminates.
After the completion of the construction of the first peeling layer, excavating equipment and upper native machine return to starting point, enter the in the same way Two peeling layers, when removing is to the length for needing to increase mobile belt machine, i.e., the movement that has laid former first peeling layer Belt feeder is moved to the second peeling layer by the driving speed of excavating equipment, carries out recycling orderly construction, such as Fig. 3, work progress In can increase by 5 auxiliary construction of overfall according to actual needs.
Construction can be divided into N layers, every layer of successively lower digging, to guarantee according to the lower depth dug every time according to construction depth Equipment has walking passageway, as soon as the every increase portable belt conveyer in starting point section, more equipment walking passageways, most End form is at stepped profile to construction completion elevation, as shown in Figure 4.
According to construction area, according to the duration, it can be on a platform native machine and individually construct, native machine cooperation can also apply on more platforms Work, as shown in figure 5, being ultimately formed with stair-stepping deep basal pit, different construction breadths, finally with deep continuous progress is dug Form different foundation pit forms.
Upper soil machine is delivered to by portable belt conveyer in the cubic metre of earth and stone or mineral of removing each peeling layer In ground transfer hopper.It can be rejected with dumping engineering truck to spoil ground or mining site, it can also be directly defeated by belt conveyor It send to material maximal end point, this can select rationally economic means of transportation, as shown in Figure 6 according to haul distance.
This construction technology construction ability is strong, and construction machinery quantity is few, and construction worker is few, and management is easy, and construction accident occurs Rate is also low, conducive to being normally carried out for construction, can effectively ensure that construction speed, controls the construction period.
The above content is combine specific optimal technical scheme further detailed description of the invention, and it cannot be said that Specific implementation of the invention is only limited to these instructions.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, In Under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, all shall be regarded as belonging to of the invention Protection scope.

Claims (3)

1. the upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works, which comprises the steps of:
A. the first peeling layer is constructed
According to the construction depth of the construction area of every native machine in the sky, the depth of each cubic metre of earth and stone removing is determined;It constructs in construction area Arrange that discharging hopper, excavation surface arrange excavating equipment on ground locating for elevation, rear connects native machine and portable belt conveyer, Portable belt conveyer is connect with ground discharging hopper;According to the driving speed of excavating equipment, it is stepped up portable belt The quantity of conveyer reaches the maximum functional length of native machine;Translation and driving by excavating equipment make entire first removing Layer construction removing terminates;
B. peeling layer circulation construction
After the completion of the construction of the first peeling layer, excavating equipment and upper native machine return to starting point, enter the second stripping in the same way Absciss layer, when removing is to the length for needing to increase mobile belt machine, i.e., the mobile belt that has laid former first peeling layer Machine is moved to the second peeling layer by the driving speed of excavating equipment, carries out recycling orderly construction;
Construction can be divided at least two layers, every layer of successively lower digging, to protect according to construction depth according to the lower depth dug every time Demonstrate,proving equipment has walking passageway, as soon as the every increase portable belt conveyer in starting point section, more equipment walking passageways, Stepped profile is ultimately formed to construction completion elevation.
2. the upper native machine construction technology of large size earth and rock works according to claim 1, which is characterized in that according to construction surface Product, according to the duration, the quantity of the upper native machine is one or more, individually from a direction construct in construction area or more platforms on Native machine cooperation is constructed in construction area from two or four direction;With deep continuous progress is dug, ultimately form with ladder-like Deep basal pit, different construction breadths ultimately forms different foundation pit forms.
3. the upper native machine construction technology of large size earth and rock works according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper native machine In the cubic metre of earth and stone or mineral for removing each peeling layer, it is delivered in ground transfer hopper by portable belt conveyer, It is rejected with dumping engineering truck to spoil ground or mining site, or material maximal end point is directly delivered to by belt conveyor.
CN201410839417.7A 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 The upper native machine construction technology of large-scale earth and rock works Active CN104695497B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105173673A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 云南省小龙潭矿务局机修总厂 Soil dumping process for multi-directional transferring and machine head dead zone eliminating by waste soil field rubber belt machines
CN106608491A (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-05-03 中铁二局集团有限公司 Adjustable conveying belt muck discharging method for high-slope-ratio entrance and exit channel
CN109319522A (en) * 2018-08-31 2019-02-12 中国华冶科工集团有限公司 A kind of pit earthwork transport device
CN111549846A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-08-18 深圳市工勘岩土集团有限公司 Construction method for foundation pit earthwork transportation and crushing treatment

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JPS5644981B2 (en) * 1979-10-09 1981-10-23
CN100383347C (en) * 2006-03-02 2008-04-23 顾建华 Earthwork construction method
CN201269103Y (en) * 2008-08-20 2009-07-08 三一重型装备有限公司 Drift driving construction system
CN101775821B (en) * 2009-12-10 2011-06-08 中国建筑一局(集团)有限公司 Device and method for vertically transporting earthwork by reverse construction method
CN103410152B (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-08-19 中交公路养护工程技术有限公司 A kind of construction method for long and narrow deep foundation pit earthwork digging

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