CN104695352B - Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment - Google Patents

Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104695352B
CN104695352B CN201510122245.6A CN201510122245A CN104695352B CN 104695352 B CN104695352 B CN 104695352B CN 201510122245 A CN201510122245 A CN 201510122245A CN 104695352 B CN104695352 B CN 104695352B
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China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
detector
double
induced light
colored
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CN201510122245.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104695352A (en
Inventor
徐婷
李威
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长安大学
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Priority to CN201510122245.6A priority Critical patent/CN104695352B/en
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Publication of CN104695352B publication Critical patent/CN104695352B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05B47/00Circuit arrangements for operating light sources in general, i.e. where the type of the light source is not relevant
    • H05B47/10Controlling the light source

Abstract

The invention belongs to traffic automation field, particularly relate to vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment, including visibility detector, the dynamic node detector, zone controller, Surveillance center, Node Controller and the double-colored induced light that are equidistantly arranged on road side fence upright or bridge horizontal bar;The present invention combines advanced monitoring, induction and computer technology, set up fog-zone pass through ensure intelligent information management platform, the vehicle entering fog-zone is carried out intellectual inducing, control double-colored induced light color by dynamic node detector to change, become the safe space between motorcars needing to keep of fore-aft vehicle, vehicle is advanced and carries out intellectual inducing.When a car runs over device in the greasy weather, its in the range of after one's death several devices will variable color, make front vehicle obtain the driving information of front truck in time, the easy frame for movement of the present invention makes installation, maintenance with dismounting all and conveniently.

Description

Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment

Technical field

The invention belongs to traffic automation field, particularly relate to vehicle on expressway induction under a kind of foggy environment System.

Background technology

In field of traffic, highway fog area, induced light is all requisite, especially constantly increases in the greasy weather Add is present, and the vehicle accident caused because of mist brings heavy losses to lives and properties and the social economy of people, high The Effec-tive Function of the induced light on speed highway is particularly important for the driving safety of driver.

The most domestic to being often susceptible to the precautionary measures that thick fog location is taked, mainly at both sides of highway, Huang is installed Color induction mark and broadcast, induction enters the vehicle of fog-zone and slowly moves ahead, but cannot point out the distance of front vehicles, Rely primarily on driver to observe front vehicles afterbody Fog-proof light and estimate, easily cause vehicle rear-end collision accident to occur, Therefore when low visibility is in 50m, highway can only seal, and changing its course of vehicle adds the pressure of province of state road, Also result in state and save the frequent accidents generation of road.In addition, the induced light of application at present all uses city Electricity or the round-the-clock power supply of solar energy, but induced light is for the slightly aobvious weakness of identification ability in greasy weather, fine at weather In the case of bright, visibility is the highest, Fog-proof light the most normally works and not only cuts little ice, and increases energy on the contrary The waste in source and the loss of the internal material of Fog-proof light.Due to the particularity of induced light operating position, induction Lamp typically fixedly mounts, and needs to carry out in high speed, it is impossible to taking off, the safety of maintenance process is subject to during maintenance Impact to vehicle.

Under foggy environment, vehicle on expressway inducible system is to combine modern various roads, environment monitoring equipment, Traffic and Road Weather environment are monitored, utilize intrusion detection technology to sailing the vehicle of fog-zone into as movement Object identifies automatically, and the dynamic node detector controlling roadside with the numerical value of visibility detector runs Quantity, detector controls the conversion of double-colored induction sign color, forms the safe driving needing to keep of fore-aft vehicle Distance, advances to vehicle and carries out intellectual inducing, is strengthening the measure that the vehicle flowrate to fog-zone manages and spacing controls After, vehicle can drive safely in the case of Bu Feng road.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that one is hazed by foundation Pass through the intelligent information management platform ensured in district, and the vehicle entering fog-zone carries out the foggy environment of intellectual inducing Lower vehicle on expressway inducible system.

For solving the problems referred to above, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:

Including visibility detector, the dynamic joint that is equidistantly arranged on road side fence upright or bridge horizontal bar Point probe, zone controller, Surveillance center, Node Controller and double-colored induced light;

Described double-colored induced light includes supporting seat, and the bottom supporting seat arranges two spring cards, two springs The end of card arranges fixing bolt, supports seat top and arranges induced light main body, and induced light bottom part body is for turning Axle, rotating shaft periphery arranges disk, and several groove is uniformly offered in disk periphery, and the sidepiece of disk arranges one end and opens Mouthful the shell of tubular, disk and shell be all fixedly mounted on the top supporting seat, arrange spring in shell, Jacking block is installed in the end of spring, and spring gives the thrust in one shell aperture direction of jacking block, the end of jacking block all the time Steel ball, steel ball and one of them groove fit are installed;Timing control circuit, rectification are set in induced light main body Circuit, display circuit and photoconductive resistance control circuit, rectification circuit is connected with timing control circuit, display electricity Road receives the output signal of timing control circuit, and the output of photoconductive resistance control circuit is connected with timing control circuit;

Wherein, zone controller is connected with visibility detector and Surveillance center, Surveillance center and Node Controller Being connected, Node Controller is connected with dynamic node detector, and dynamic node detector is connected with double-colored induced light.

Distance between adjacent dynamic node detector is 16~20m.

Described Surveillance center includes the computer for analyzing visibility detector detection data and computer phase Display device even and installation are used for determining that dynamic node detector runs quantity and double-colored induction on computers The control software of lamp color conversion.

The bus transfer of CAN protocol, node control is used between described dynamic node detector and Node Controller Device processed is in communication with each other by UART interface with the computer of Surveillance center.

Described visibility detector uses TRA10 type visibility detector.

Described zone controller uses siemens PLC CN Programmable Logic Controller.

Each dynamic node detector all overlaps double-colored induced light in parallel with two and is connected, and often overlaps double-colored induced light and is all provided with It is equipped with red caution sign and yellow induction sign.

Distance between the double-colored induced light that two sets are in parallel is 8~10m.

Compared with prior art, the method have the advantages that the present invention advanced monitoring, induction and Computer technology combines, set up fog-zone pass through ensure intelligent information management platform, to entering The vehicle entering fog-zone carries out intellectual inducing, controls double-colored induced light color by dynamic node detector and changes, Become the safe space between motorcars needing to keep of fore-aft vehicle, vehicle is advanced and carries out intellectual inducing.When a car When the greasy weather runs over device, its in the range of after one's death several devices will variable color, make front vehicle obtain in time The driving information of front truck, the easy frame for movement of the present invention makes installation, maintenance with dismounting all and conveniently.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the double-colored induced light of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of the double-colored induced light of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is the association schematic diagram that visibility detector controls fog-zone equipment;

Fig. 5 is working-flow figure;

Fig. 6 is the present invention double-colored induced light internal circuit diagram;

Wherein, 1, induced light main body;2, seat is supported;3, spring card;4, disk;5, fixing bolt; 6, rotating shaft;7, shell;8, spring;9, jacking block;10, steel ball;11, groove.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further details:

Seeing Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, the present invention includes visibility detector, is arranged on every the spacing of 16~20m Dynamic node detector on side, road fence upright or bridge horizontal bar, zone controller, Surveillance center, joint Base site controller and double-colored induced light;Double-colored induced light includes supporting seat 2, and the bottom supporting seat 2 arranges two Spring card 3, the end of two spring cards 3 arranges fixing bolt 5, supports seat 2 top and arranges induced light Main body 1, for rotating shaft 6 bottom induced light main body 1, rotating shaft 6 periphery arranges disk 4, and disk 4 periphery is uniform Offering several groove 11, the sidepiece of disk 4 arranges the shell 7 of the tubular of one end open, disk 4 and shell 7 All being fixedly mounted on the top supporting seat 2, arrange spring 8 in shell 7, jacking block 9 is installed in the end of spring 8, The thrust of 9 one shell 7 opening directions of jacking block given all the time by spring 8, and steel ball 10 is installed in the end of jacking block 9, Steel ball 10 coordinates with one of them groove 11;Timing control circuit, rectified current are set in induced light main body 1 Road, display circuit and photoconductive resistance control circuit, rectification circuit is connected with timing control circuit, display circuit Receiving the output signal of timing control circuit, the output of photoconductive resistance control circuit is connected with timing control circuit;

Wherein, zone controller is connected with visibility detector and Surveillance center, Surveillance center and Node Controller Being connected, Node Controller is connected with dynamic node detector, and dynamic node detector is connected with double-colored induced light.

Surveillance center include for analyze visibility detector detection data computer, be connected with computer show Show equipment and install on computers for determining that dynamic node detector runs quantity and double-colored induced light color The control software of conversion.

Use the bus transfer of CAN protocol between dynamic node detector and Node Controller, Node Controller with The computer of Surveillance center is in communication with each other by UART interface.

The visibility detector of the present invention uses TRA10 type visibility detector.

The zone controller of the present invention uses siemens PLC CN Programmable Logic Controller.

Each dynamic node detector of the present invention all overlaps double-colored induced light in parallel with two and is connected, and often overlaps double-colored luring Leading lights are provided with red caution sign and yellow induction sign.

Distance between the double-colored induced light of the two set parallel connections of the present invention is 8~10m.

1. greasy weather road anticipation effect

Dynamic node detector is arranged on fence upright and the bridge horizontal bar of highway side, in fog-zone scope (16~20m) set gradually a set of the most at a certain distance, and visibility starts work less than this device during predetermined threshold value Making, the difform light belt being made up of display splashette lamp, difform light belt represents road ahead Different road conditions, thus in the case of allowing driver sighting distance being extremely low in the greasy weather still can by the guide of induced light and Time precognition front road conditions.Such as: if driver it is seen that display splashette lamp composition straight line Light belt, represents road ahead for keeping straight on;If driver is it is seen that one of display splashette lamp composition the most curved Bent light belt, represents road ahead for left bend;If driver it is seen that display splashette lamp composition one The light belt that bar bends to the right, represents road ahead for bend to the right.

2. front vehicles safe distance reminding effect

Vehicle enters fog-zone scope and is followed the tracks of detection by dynamic node detector the most at once, detector can to 10~ 60km speed makes reflection rapidly, and often the double-colored induced light of parallel connection is overlapped in the set attached control of detector two, and induced light is every 8~10m installations are a set of, and double-colored induced light is divided into red caution sign, yellow induction sign, and vehicle enters fog-zone Time, double-colored induced light, by following scheme, reaches warn driver's regulation speed and maintain safe distance.When vehicle enters Before fog-zone, the double-colored electric light induction sign of road both sides is yellow;After vehicle enters fog-zone, dynamic node is visited Surveying device and detected when vehicle passes through, the attached double-colored electric light induction sign of dynamic node detector is i.e. shown as red Color, to point out the vehicle front at rear to have car to enter.Difference according to visibility, it is ensured that each vehicle travelled After have 20 red lights to occur always, and when vehicle carries out next node, a new amber light becomes red light, And the red light of farthest becomes amber light, see Fig. 5.

See Fig. 6, the frame for movement of simple and convenient

Expressway fog zone induced light, including supporting seat 2, the bottom supporting seat 2 arranges two spring cards 3, The end of two spring cards 3 arranges fixing bolt 5, supports seat 2 top and arranges induced light main body 1, induction For rotating shaft 6 bottom lamp main body 1, rotating shaft 6 periphery arranges disk 4, and several groove is uniformly offered in disk 4 periphery 11, the sidepiece of disk 4 arranges the shell 7 of the tubular of one end open, disk 4 and shell 7 and is all fixedly mounted on Supporting the top of seat 2, arrange spring 8 in shell 7, jacking block 9 is installed in the end of spring 8, and spring 8 is all the time To the thrust of 9 one shell 7 opening directions of jacking block, steel ball 10 is installed in the end of jacking block 9, and steel ball 10 is wherein One groove 11 coordinates;Arrange in induced light main body 1 timing control circuit, rectification circuit, display circuit and Photoconductive resistance control circuit, rectification circuit is connected with timing control circuit, and display circuit receives timing controlled electricity The output signal on road, the output of photoconductive resistance control circuit is connected with timing control circuit.Generally, lure Leading lights main body 1 can not rotate under the mated condition of steel ball 10 and groove 11, but somewhat firmly rotates, Steel ball 10 can be retracted in shell 7, thus turn to next groove 11 position, complete to rotate.Root The direction of induced light main body 1 is adjusted according to situation.The photoconductive resistance control circuit of the present invention includes by first~two The multivibrator that diode (D1~D2), the first resistance (R1), the 3rd resistance (R3), the first electric capacity (C1) are constituted, And the frequent flashing control circuit being made up of bleeder circuit and the first audion (Q1) and the 4th resistance (R4);Stroboscopic control The bleeder circuit that photoconductive resistance in circuit processed (R6) and the 7th resistance (R7) form connects the base of the first audion (Q1) Pole, the first audion (Q1) colelctor electrode is connected with intervalometer in timing control circuit (U1) by the 4th resistance (R4).

The display circuit of the present invention by the 5th resistance (R5), light emitting diode (LED), the second electric capacity (C2), second Audion (Q2) forms, and the 5th resistance (R5) one end receives the output signal of intervalometer (U1), another termination second Audion (Q2) base stage;Second electric capacity (C2) is connected between 5 feet and the ground of intervalometer (U1), light emitting diode (LED) accessing the colelctor electrode of the second audion (Q2), display circuit is by super bright yellow light-emitting diode (LED) warp Series-parallel system forms, and timing control circuit selects 555 intervalometers.

Claims (7)

1. vehicle on expressway inducible system under a foggy environment, it is characterised in that: include that visibility is examined Survey instrument, the dynamic node detector being equidistantly arranged on road side fence upright or bridge horizontal bar, region Controller, Surveillance center, Node Controller and double-colored induced light;
Described Surveillance center includes the computer for analyzing visibility detector detection data and computer phase Display device even and installation are used for determining that dynamic node detector runs quantity and double-colored induction on computers The control software of lamp color conversion;
Described double-colored induced light includes supporting seat (2), and the bottom supporting seat (2) arranges two spring cards (3), the end of two spring cards (3) arranges fixing bolt (5), supports the setting of seat (2) top and lures Leading lights main body (1), induced light main body (1) bottom is rotating shaft (6), and rotating shaft (6) periphery arranges disk (4), Several groove (11) is uniformly offered in disk (4) periphery, and the sidepiece of disk (4) arranges the tubular of one end open Shell (7), disk (4) and shell (7) all be fixedly mounted on support seat (2) top, shell (7) Inside arranging spring (8), jacking block (9) is installed in the end of spring (8), and jacking block (9) given all the time by spring (8) The thrust of one shell (7) opening direction, steel ball (10), steel ball (10) are installed in the end of jacking block (9) Coordinate with one of them groove (11);Arrange in induced light main body (1) timing control circuit, rectification circuit, Display circuit and photoconductive resistance control circuit, rectification circuit is connected with timing control circuit, and display circuit receives The output signal of timing control circuit, the output of photoconductive resistance control circuit is connected with timing control circuit;
Wherein, zone controller is connected with visibility detector and Surveillance center, Surveillance center and Node Controller Being connected, Node Controller is connected with dynamic node detector, and dynamic node detector is connected with double-colored induced light.
2. want vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment described in 1, its feature according to right It is: the distance between adjacent dynamic node detector is 16~20m.
Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: between described dynamic node detector and Node Controller, use the bus transfer of CAN protocol, Node Controller is in communication with each other by UART interface with the computer of Surveillance center.
Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: described visibility detector uses TRA10 type visibility detector.
Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: described zone controller uses siemens PLC CN Programmable Logic Controller.
Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment the most according to claim 1, it is special Levy and be: each dynamic node detector all overlaps double-colored induced light in parallel with two and is connected, and often overlaps double-colored induction Lamp is provided with red caution sign and yellow induction sign.
Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment the most according to claim 6, it is special Levy and be: the distance between the double-colored induced light that two sets are in parallel is 8~10m.
CN201510122245.6A 2015-03-19 2015-03-19 Vehicle on expressway inducible system under a kind of foggy environment CN104695352B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107221137A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-29 湖南融和微电子有限公司 The long-range control method and system of intellectual inducing lamp
CN108053688B (en) * 2017-11-20 2019-12-03 杭州博达伟业公共安全技术股份有限公司 Tail self-adapting adjusting apparatus and method
CN109246909B (en) * 2018-10-26 2020-10-09 中交第一航务工程局有限公司 Self-starting system applied to fog lamp of toll island
CN110428610B (en) * 2019-06-26 2020-09-29 刘宇 Expressway driving warning device in haze days and installation and operation method
CN111223307A (en) * 2019-11-26 2020-06-02 长安大学 Intelligent prompting and inducing system and method for vehicles on highway

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101719313A (en) * 2008-10-09 2010-06-02 浙江金基电子技术有限公司 Dynamic node detector
KR200453916Y1 (en) * 2009-05-13 2011-06-02 김형국 Road indication delineator with wiper
CN202392479U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-08-22 中昊丰源(北京)科技有限公司 LED down lamp with adjustable shading angle
CN203065982U (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-07-17 长安大学 Traffic sign capable of detecting vehicle and emitting light at low visibility
CN103806380B (en) * 2014-02-19 2016-07-06 江西方兴科技有限公司 A kind of fog-zone induced light being installed on highway trackside and installation method thereof

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