CN104688443B - A kind of electrical stretcher car - Google Patents

A kind of electrical stretcher car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104688443B
CN104688443B CN201510130852.7A CN201510130852A CN104688443B CN 104688443 B CN104688443 B CN 104688443B CN 201510130852 A CN201510130852 A CN 201510130852A CN 104688443 B CN104688443 B CN 104688443B
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stretcher
worm
base
crane
drive
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CN104688443A (en
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彭文献
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Qianjiang giant electronic products Co., Ltd.
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彭文献
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Abstract

A kind of electrical stretcher car, it includes main stretcher, crane and base, described crane is installed on the base, and described main stretcher is detachable is installed in described crane top, base is provided with a pair drivewheel and a pair follower, and the drive mechanism of the drivewheel motion described in driving, a pair described drivewheel is connected by a rotating shaft, described drive mechanism includes the micromachine being installed on described base, and it is installed in the driving wheel on this Miniature electric machine output shaft, a drive it is also equipped with in described rotating shaft, the described drive described in driving wheel drive described in micromachine driving rotates.The invention provides a kind of simple in construction, automaticity high, convenient to use and be effectively reduced the electrical stretcher car of patient's misery in handling process and secondary injury, with solve existing stretcher structure complicated in-convenience in use defect.

Description

A kind of electrical stretcher car
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of medical instruments, be specifically related to a kind of electrical stretcher car.
Background technology
During medical rescue, stretcher, as a kind of first aid and the instrument of transhipment patient, has been the most requisite rescue apparatus.And stretcher in early days is to be made up of two wooden sticks or iron pipe and the Tobe that is connected between two wooden sticks or iron pipe, occur in that the most again folding stretcher, in order to carry.Later stage transports patient the most for convenience along with people, save labour, people have invented the lifting type stretcher car being made up of stretcher and four wheel barrows, wherein go-cart by vehicle frame, be fixed on the main shaft frame of vehicle frame lower surface, the main shaft being arranged on main shaft frame, connecting rod, land wheel frame and land wheel and the elevating mechanism being arranged on vehicle frame forms, wherein, above-mentioned elevating mechanism is to be made up of rocking handle, leading screw, screw, the waling stripe being connected with the screw other end, the link that is connected between waling stripe and main shaft, can be realized the lifting of stretcher by rocking handle.Lifting on stretcher by patient during use, stretcher is placed on four wheel barrows again.Above two stretcher is either lifted or pushes away, all must patient be lifted on stretcher, 3-5 people is needed to help during whole, and owing to part mobile personnel the most professional easily causes the secondary damage of patient and increases the misery of patient, also more manpower is expended, and for the critical patient of Cardiological, acute myocardial infarction is such as occurred to need the patient rescued, must be the most careful when transhipment, but during transporting with stretcher, patient moves the most back and forth, this moving critical patient is and danger, the most only possible cause aggravation, possibly even cause patient the most dead, this burden just considerably increasing doctor and the risk undertaken.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, Chinese patent CN201310115590.8 provides a kind of automatic cross patient stretcher car, although its can realize sufferer from stretcher to sick bed on transfer and make sufferer without changing the position of patient during horizontal transfer, but its structure is complicated, manufacturing cost is high, and still district needs artificial promotion stretcher to move and cause in moving process in stretcher moving process, stretcher operation is unstable affects the sufferer state of an illness.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of simple in construction, automaticity high, convenient to use and be effectively reduced the electrical stretcher car of patient's misery in handling process and secondary injury, with solve existing stretcher structure complicated in-convenience in use defect.
For achieving the above object, the one electrical stretcher car of the present invention, it includes main stretcher, crane and base, described crane is installed on the base, and described main stretcher is detachable is installed in described crane top, it is characterized in that: described base is provided with a pair drivewheel and a pair follower, and the drive mechanism of the drivewheel motion described in driving, a pair described drivewheel is connected by a rotating shaft, described drive mechanism includes the micromachine being installed on described base, and it is installed in the driving wheel on this Miniature electric machine output shaft, a drive it is also equipped with in described rotating shaft, the described drive described in driving wheel drive described in micromachine driving rotates.
On the basis of such scheme preferably, described crane includes the mounting seat being installed on described base and the worm and gear elevator being installed in described mounting seat.
, described mounting seat includes front mounting seat and rear mounting seat, and installs a worm and gear elevator in described front mounting seat and rear mounting seat respectively on the basis of such scheme preferably, and described worm and gear elevator is connected by a synchronizer.
On the basis of such scheme preferably, described worm and gear elevator includes casing, the worm gear being installed in this casing and the worm screw with described worm gear, described synchronizer is a connecting rod, and the worm gear of said two worm and gear elevator is respectively installed on described connecting rod.
On the basis of such scheme preferably, described connecting rod is driven by a driving motor being installed on described base.
, described crane is an electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder, and described electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder is installed on described base on the basis of such scheme preferably, and is installed in described electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder top by detachable for described main stretcher.
On the basis of such scheme preferably, described electrical stretcher car includes that a controller, described micromachine and described crane are controlled by described controller.
On the basis of such scheme preferably, described follower is shock-absorbing caster wheel.
On the basis of such scheme preferably, it is provided with a slide rail bottom described main stretcher, described crane top is provided with a chute coordinated with described slide rail, and described main stretcher coordinates, by described slide rail and chute, detachable being installed on described crane of sliding.
The present invention is compared with prior art, it provides the benefit that: a kind of electrical stretcher car of the present invention, by being connected detachable to main stretcher and crane, so that during transhipment patient, medical personnel are installed on crane not only by by main stretcher, promote base thus realize the transfer of sufferer, and when ill turn is moved to detect on sick bed or detection equipment by needs, can be by directly main stretcher being disassembled, main stretcher is used as common stretcher and transfers to sick bed or detection equipment to realize sufferer from electrical stretcher car, the most time saving and energy saving, and operate with easier;Meanwhile, main stretcher is installed on base by the present invention by crane, thus coordinates sick bed or the height of detection equipment of differing heights when further facilitating transhipment, it is to avoid there is difference in height between electrical stretcher car and sick bed in transport process and causes sufferer second hurt;The base of the present invention is provided with a micromachine, equipped with a driving wheel on the output shaft of micromachine, driving wheel matches with the drive being installed in rotating shaft, when medical personnel need to transport sufferer, driving wheel can be ordered about by micromachine to rotate, by coordinating between driving wheel with drive, drive rotating shaft to order about drivewheel to rotate, thus realize the motion of electrical stretcher car, avoid needing medical personnel manually to promote base to operate in transhipment sufferer, and cause bumpy motion in stretcher transport process, cause sufferer that secondary damage occurs in transhipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the electrical stretcher car of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the left view of the electrical stretcher car of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the axonometric chart of the electrical stretcher car of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
By describing the technology contents of the present invention, structural feature in detail, being reached purpose and effect, the most hereby enumerate embodiment and coordinate accompanying drawing to be explained in detail.
In describing the invention; it will be appreciated that; term " orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " center ", " longitudinally ", " laterally ", "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end ", " interior ", " outward " they be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship; be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifying and describe; rather than instruction or imply the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that limiting the scope of the invention.
nullRefer to shown in Fig. 1,And combine shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 3,One electrical stretcher car of the present invention,Including main stretcher 10、Crane 20 and base 30,Crane 20 is installed on base 30,Main stretcher 10 is detachable is installed in crane 20 top,Base 30 front end is provided with a pair drivewheel 11 connected by rotating shaft 44、And drive the drive mechanism of drivewheel 11 rotation,And in the rear end of base 30 equipped with a pair follower 12,Wherein,Drive mechanism includes the micromachine 41 being installed on base 30、And it is installed in the driving wheel 42 on micromachine 41 output shaft,And in the rotating shaft 44 between two drivewheels 11, it is also equipped with a drive 43,Micromachine 41 orders about driving wheel 42 and rotates,Drive 43 is driven to move,Base 30 is driven to move in parallel on bottom surface so that rotating shaft 44 rotates to order about drivewheel 11.
During use, user can manually lift stretcher motion, such as because of when ground out-of-flatness inconvenience base 30 moves or in the more narrow space of space during earthquake relief work by disassembling main stretcher 10 as common stretcher from crane 20;When user is the most smooth on ground local time or when needing long distance delivery sufferer, main stretcher 10 can be installed on crane 20 by user, the height of regulation crane 20, reduce the level height of sufferer, and connect micromachine 41, order about rotating shaft 44 by micromachine 41 to rotate, so that base 30 is under the effect of drivewheel 11, automatically move, thus not only can reduce medical personnel's labor intensity during transporting patient, and the height of C.G. of the operating main stretcher 10 of reduction also by Electronic control base 30, to reach to guarantee the stability of stretcher in operation process, avoid stretcher to shake in moving process and cause sufferer second hurt.
nullIn order to further describe technical scheme,The crane 20 of the present invention includes the mounting seat 21 being installed on base 30、And the worm and gear elevator 22 being installed in mounting seat 21,Wherein,Mounting seat 21 includes front mounting seat 23 and rear mounting seat 24,And in front mounting seat 23 and rear mounting seat 24, install a worm and gear elevator 22 respectively,And worm and gear elevator 22 is connected by a synchronizer 25,Wherein,The worm and gear elevator 22 of the present invention includes casing 26、It is installed in the worm gear in this casing 26、And with the worm screw 28 of worm gear,Synchronizer 25 is preferably a connecting rod,The worm gear of two worm and gear elevator 22 is respectively installed on connecting rod,During use,When needing the height adjusting main stretcher 10,User can drive worm gear to rotate by pivot link,Worm screw 28 is driven to rotate with worm gear,So that main stretcher 10 respect thereto 30 being arranged on worm screw 28 top moves up and down,Simultaneously,Owing to front mounting seat 23 is driven by connecting rod mutually with the worm and gear elevator 22 in rear mounting seat 24,Thus can effectively guarantee its stationarity moved,To ensure in lifting process,The stable movement of main stretcher 10.Preferred version as this case, the connecting rod of the present invention can be to realize its manual actuation by being installed in connecting rod end handle, it can also be the driving motor by being installed on base 30, by driving driven by motor link rotatable, thus realize the automatic lifting of worm and gear elevator 22, to reach time saving and energy saving purpose.
The second embodiment as this case, unlike the first embodiment, the crane 20 of the present invention includes an electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder, this electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder is installed on base 30, and it is installed in electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder top by detachable for main stretcher 10, during use, user can be by controlling supercharging and the decompression of electrohydraulic cylinder, to realize the expansion link lifting of electrohydraulic cylinder, thus force main stretcher 10 respect thereto 30 being installed in electrohydraulic cylinder top to move up and down, to realize the oscilaltion work of main stretcher 10.
Further, the electrical stretcher car of the present invention also includes a controller, micromachine 41 and crane 20 are controlled by controller, thus realize electrical stretcher car Automated condtrol, wherein, the follower 12 preferably shock-absorbing caster wheel of the present invention is to reduce in transport process, and the main stretcher 10 that bottom surface injustice is caused rocks and causes more greatly patient's secondary damage.
In sufferer transfer process, it is frequently necessary to be transferred on sick bed on dynamic for sufferer energising stretcher, medical personnel for convenience, the present invention is provided with a slide rail vertical with connecting rod bottom main stretcher 10, and it is provided with a chute coordinated with slide rail at crane 20 top, main stretcher 10 coordinates, by slide rail and chute, detachable being installed on crane 20 of sliding, during use, user can pass through lowering or hoisting gear, by main stretcher 10 height adjustment of the present invention to the height higher than sick bed, main stretcher 10 respect thereto 30 in the chute at crane 20 top is promoted to slide, stretcher is made to slide into the top of sick bed, sufferer only need to be lifted from main stretcher 10 by medical personnel, reversely promote main stretcher 10, just can complete sufferer from electrical stretcher car to sick bed on change, use more laborsaving.
Further, the driving wheel 42 of the present invention and drive 43 can be by realizing the transmission of power by engaging of latch between gear with gear, can also be to pass through transmission band to realize the transmission of power by belt wheel, it is also possible to be that sprocket wheel passes through the driving-chain transmission with power at present.
In sum, only the preferred embodiments of the invention, do not limit protection scope of the present invention with this, all equivalence changes made according to the scope of the claims of the present invention and description with modify, be all within the scope of patent of the present invention contains.

Claims (5)

1. an electrical stretcher car, it includes main stretcher, crane and base, described crane is installed on the base, and described main stretcher is detachable is installed in described crane top, described base is provided with a pair drivewheel and a pair follower, and the drive mechanism of the drivewheel motion described in driving, a pair described drivewheel is connected by a rotating shaft, described drive mechanism includes the micromachine being installed on described base, and it is installed in the driving wheel on this Miniature electric machine output shaft, a drive it is also equipped with in described rotating shaft, the described drive described in driving wheel drive described in micromachine driving rotates, so that rotating shaft rotation drives base to move in parallel on bottom surface to order about drivewheel;Described crane includes the mounting seat being installed on described base and the worm and gear elevator being installed in described mounting seat;Described mounting seat includes front mounting seat and rear mounting seat, and installs a worm and gear elevator in described front mounting seat and rear mounting seat respectively, and described worm and gear elevator is connected by a synchronizer;Described worm and gear elevator includes casing, the worm gear being installed in this casing and the worm screw with described worm gear, described synchronizer is a connecting rod, the worm gear of said two worm and gear elevator is respectively installed on described connecting rod, worm gear is driven to rotate by pivot link, worm screw is driven to rotate, so that the main stretcher respect thereto being arranged on worm screw top moves up and down with worm gear;Connecting rod realizes its manual actuation by being installed in a handle of connecting rod end, or by the driving motor being installed on base, described connecting rod is driven by a driving motor being installed on described base, by driving driven by motor link rotatable, thus realize the automatic lifting of worm and gear elevator.
2. a kind of electrical stretcher car as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described crane is an electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder, and described electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder is installed on described base, and is installed in described electric-controlled hydraulic cylinder top by detachable for described main stretcher.
3. a kind of electrical stretcher car as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described electrical stretcher car includes that a controller, described micromachine and described crane are controlled by described controller.
4. a kind of electrical stretcher car as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described follower is shock-absorbing caster wheel.
5. a kind of electrical stretcher car as described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: bottom described main stretcher, be provided with a slide rail, described crane top is provided with a chute coordinated with described slide rail, and described main stretcher coordinates, by described slide rail and chute, detachable being installed on described crane of sliding.
CN201510130852.7A 2015-03-25 2015-03-25 A kind of electrical stretcher car Active CN104688443B (en)

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CN104688443B true CN104688443B (en) 2016-10-12

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105863234B (en) * 2016-05-25 2017-11-28 杭州赛奇机械股份有限公司 Based on screw driven saddle climbing type lifting working platform and combinations thereof workbench
CN106473869B (en) * 2016-12-17 2018-01-30 黄萍 A kind of medical stretcher
CN108836644A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-11-20 中国人民解放军第七四医院 Intelligent stretcher and its working method
CN111588551A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-08-28 温州市中心医院 Patient's safety transfer car (buggy)

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US4489449A (en) * 1981-02-06 1984-12-25 Simmons Universal Corporation Trauma care wheeled stretcher
DE19814233A1 (en) * 1998-03-30 1999-10-07 Mark Hanke Hospital stretcher transport trolley with lifters
CN2792459Y (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-07-05 周四清 Electric emergency stretcher vehicle
CN2915071Y (en) * 2006-06-15 2007-06-27 刘国荣 A critically sicked patients transportation vehicle
CN201029996Y (en) * 2007-04-02 2008-03-05 马伊敏 Lifting stretcher vehicle for radiation
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Effective date of registration: 20170112

Address after: 433100 Qianjiang garden science and Technology Industrial Park yuan Guang road, Hubei

Patentee after: Qianjiang giant electronic products Co., Ltd.

Address before: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang province Binjiang District Puyan Street Waterfront Road 481 Zhejiang Medical College

Patentee before: Peng Wenxian