CN104674949A - Portable shelter - Google Patents

Portable shelter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104674949A
CN104674949A CN201510076807.8A CN201510076807A CN104674949A CN 104674949 A CN104674949 A CN 104674949A CN 201510076807 A CN201510076807 A CN 201510076807A CN 104674949 A CN104674949 A CN 104674949A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
node component
cylinder
plate
framework
prefabricated house
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510076807.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
隋伟宁
安康
王占飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang Jianzhu University
Original Assignee
Shenyang Jianzhu University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang Jianzhu University filed Critical Shenyang Jianzhu University
Priority to CN201510076807.8A priority Critical patent/CN104674949A/en
Publication of CN104674949A publication Critical patent/CN104674949A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a portable shelter. The portable shelter comprises a structural framework, a wall panel, a floor board and a roof panel, wherein the wall panel, the floor board and the roof panel are arranged on the structural framework; the structural framework comprises a bottom framework, a top framework, upright posts arranged between the bottom framework and the top framework, the wall panel, the floor board and the roof panel; the bottom framework is provided with a bottom end beam, a bottom side beam, a brace and a bottom frame basic node component; the bottom end beam and the bottom side beam are arranged on the bottom frame basic node component in an inserting way and are fastened to the bottom frame basic node component; the top framework is provided with a beam and a top frame basic node component; the beam is arranged on the top frame basic node component in an inserting way and is fastened to the top frame basic node component. The moveable room is simple in structure and convenient to assemble and disassemble, the space can be optionally expanded, and has certain strength and safety; meanwhile, cost can be also be saved, and the portable shelter is convenient to move; the space of the moveable room can be expanded by expanding the node components, so that the practicability is high; the portable shelter can be popularized in the actual life.

Description

A kind of prefabricated house
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of house for building, specifically a kind of prefabricated house.
Background technology
There is following shortcoming in the existing prefabricated house for storing goods and materials: design comparatively simple prefabricated house in design, although cost is low, is convenient to transport, but house supporting capacity is low, poor stability, in natural conditions rugged environment, poor durability, can not store goods and materials for a long time; The good prefabricated house of supporting capacity, very complicated in design, although ensure that the security performance in house, cost is high, and installation and removal process is comparatively loaded down with trivial details, is difficult to complete dismounting task at short notice, and is difficult to secondary dismounting and movement.
Summary of the invention
For safety and the weak point such as cost can not ensure and installation and removal process is comparatively loaded down with trivial details of prefabricated house in prior art simultaneously, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind ofly to be convenient to dismounting, to have the prefabricated house that safety simultaneously can also be cost-saving.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of prefabricated house of the present invention, comprising: structural framing, shingle nail, floor and roof panel, wherein shingle nail, floor and roof panel are all installed on structural framing; Structural framing comprises bottom framework, top frame, is located at column between bottom framework and top frame and shingle nail, floor plate, roof panel, wherein bottom framework has bottom beam, bottom side beams, diagonal brace and underframe fundamental node component, bottom beam and bottom side beams and the grafting of underframe fundamental node component are installed and tighten up, top frame has beam and upper frame fundamental node component, and beam and the grafting of upper frame fundamental node component are installed and tighten up.
Described underframe fundamental node component has the first end plate, the first column sleeve cylinder and the first beam casing cylinder, wherein the first end plate is as the substrate of underframe fundamental node component, first column sleeve cylinder is installed vertically on square endplate, two the first beam casing cylinders are installed on square endplate with the orthogonal form level of its center line, form 3 D stereo axle perpendicular to each other with the first post sleeve centerline.
Multiple stiffener is provided with between end plate and the first column sleeve cylinder and/or the first beam casing cylinder.
Each stiffener is with between the facade being fixedly installed in the first column sleeve cylinder or the first beam casing cylinder perpendicular to the mode of the first column sleeve cylinder or the first beam casing cylinder facade and end plate.
Described upper frame fundamental node component has the second end plate, the second column sleeve cylinder and the second beam casing cylinder, wherein the second end plate is as the substrate of upper frame fundamental node component, second column sleeve cylinder is installed vertically on the lower surface of L shape end plate, two the second beam casing cylinders are installed on the lower surface of L shape end plate with the orthogonal form level of its center line, form 3 D stereo axle perpendicular to each other with the second post sleeve centerline.
Multiple stiffener is provided with between L shape end plate and the second column sleeve cylinder and/or the second beam casing cylinder.
Each stiffener is to be fixedly installed between the facade of the second column sleeve cylinder or the second beam casing cylinder and L shape end plate perpendicular to the mode of the second column sleeve cylinder or the second beam casing cylinder facade.
Column between bottom framework and top frame and the space between shingle nail arrange purlin.
Two diagonal of bottom framework are provided with diagonal brace.Effect ensures that the globality of bottom framework improves the bearing capacity of structure
In underframe fundamental node component, the intersection of the first column sleeve cylinder and two the first beam casing cylinders is fixed by angle steel.
The present invention has following beneficial effect and advantage:
1. prefabricated house structure of the present invention simple, be convenient to dismounting, can arbitrarily expand space, have the prefabricated house of some strength and safety, simultaneously can also be cost-saving, be convenient to movement, be conducive to promoting in real life.
2. in the present invention, underframe fundamental node component and upper frame fundamental node component are connected to combine with bolt by welding and fix, and by bean column node member integrated, enhance node strength and bearing capacity, easy installation and removal, can reuse, increase the service life.
3. have employed trapezoidal steel plate in the present invention, play and connect and the effect of stationary nodes basic building block, simultaneously the adding of trapezoidal steel plate, make structure bear the ability of horizontal direction load stronger, improve the stability of structural entity; Adopt the connected mode of grafting between the beam column in dynamic room and fundamental node component, improve the integral rigidity of structure, make prefabricated house build more simple and fast.
4. prefabricated house of the present invention adopts cross section to be the stainless steel thin-wall quadrate steel pipe column of remaining silent, the torsional stiffness in cross section can be improved, improve the supporting capacity of structure under seismic loading, stainless-steel pipe can effectively improve the corrosion-resistant of building and endurance quality simultaneously.
5. the present invention is linked together by node component due to beam column component, and have stronger autgmentability, carry out spatial spread by expanding node component to prefabricated house, practicality is stronger.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the assembly drawing of prefabricated house underframe fundamental node component 15;
Fig. 2 is prefabricated house underframe fundamental node component 15;
Fig. 3 is prefabricated house upper frame fundamental node component 16;
Fig. 4 is prefabricated house fundamental node component and beam-to-column joint figure;
Fig. 5 is prefabricated house fundamental node component and L-type steel connection layout;
Fig. 6 is prefabricated house purlin installation drawing;
Fig. 7 is prefabricated house framework;
Fig. 8 a is wallboard for prefabricated house upper end installation drawing;
Fig. 8 b is that sectional drawing is installed in wallboard for prefabricated house upper end;
Fig. 9 a wallboard for prefabricated house lower end installation drawing;
Sectional drawing is installed in Fig. 9 b wallboard for prefabricated house lower end;
Figure 10 is prefabricated house figure.
Wherein, 1 is square endplate, and 2 is L shape end plate, and 3 is the first trapezoidal steel plate, 3 ' is the second trapezoidal steel plate, and 4 is the first beam casing cylinder, and 4 ' is the second beam casing cylinder, and 5 is the first column sleeve cylinder, 5 ' is the second column sleeve cylinder, and 6 is L-type steel, and 7 is rectangular steel tube, 8 is i shaped steel, and 9 is purlin, and 10 is angle steel, 11 is diagonal brace, and 12 is wallboard, and 13 is floor, 14 is roof panel, and 15 is underframe fundamental node component, and 16 is upper frame fundamental node component.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description, the present invention is further elaborated.
As shown in Fig. 7,10, a kind of prefabricated house of the present invention comprises: structural framing, shingle nail 12, floor 13 and roof panel 14, and wherein shingle nail 12, floor 13 and roof panel 14 are all installed on structural framing; Structural framing comprises bottom framework, top frame, is located at column between bottom framework and top frame and shingle nail 12, floor plate 13, roof panel 14, wherein bottom framework has bottom beam, bottom side beams, diagonal brace 11 and underframe fundamental node component 15, bottom beam and bottom side beams and the grafting of underframe fundamental node component 15 are installed and tighten up, top frame has beam and upper frame fundamental node component 16, and beam and the grafting of upper frame fundamental node component 16 are installed and tighten up.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, underframe fundamental node component 15 has the first end plate (the present embodiment adopts square endplate 1), the first column sleeve cylinder 5 and the first beam casing cylinder 4, wherein square endplate 1 is as the substrate of underframe fundamental node component, first column sleeve cylinder 5 is installed vertically on square endplate 1, two the first beam casing cylinders 4 are installed on square endplate 1 with the orthogonal form level of its center line, form 3 D stereo axle perpendicular to each other with the first column sleeve cylinder 5 center line.
Multiple stiffener is provided with between square endplate 1 and the first column sleeve cylinder 5 and/or the first beam casing cylinder 4.Each stiffener (the present embodiment adopts the first trapezoidal steel plate 3) is with between the facade being fixedly installed in the first column sleeve cylinder 5 or the first beam casing cylinder 4 perpendicular to the mode of the first column sleeve cylinder 5 or the first beam casing cylinder 4 facade and square endplate 1.First column sleeve cylinder 5 and the first beam casing cylinder 4 are arranged on square endplate 1 by cell wall plate, cell wall plate have the bolt hole corresponding with the steel pipe position of the first column sleeve cylinder 5 and the first beam casing cylinder 4.
As shown in Figure 3, upper frame fundamental node component 16 has the second end plate (the present embodiment adopts L shape end plate 2), the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' and the second beam casing cylinder 4 ', wherein L shape end plate 2 is as the substrate of upper frame fundamental node component 16, second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' is installed vertically on the lower surface of L shape end plate 2, two the second beam casing cylinders 4 ' are installed on the lower surface of L shape end plate 2 with the orthogonal form level of its center line, form 3 D stereo axle perpendicular to each other with the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' center line.
Between L shape end plate 2 and the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' and/or the second beam casing cylinder 4 ', be provided with multiple stiffener, each stiffener (the present embodiment adopts the second trapezoidal steel plate 3 ') is with between the facade being fixedly installed in the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' or the second beam casing cylinder 4 ' perpendicular to the mode of the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' or the second beam casing cylinder 4 ' facade and L shape end plate 2.Equally, the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' and the second beam casing cylinder 4 ' are also arranged on by the cell wall plate of relative set on the lower surface of L shape end plate 2.
As shown in Figure 6, the column between bottom framework and top frame and the space between shingle nail 12 arrange purlin 9.
As shown in Figure 10, two diagonal of bottom framework are provided with diagonal brace 11, effect ensures that the globality of bottom framework improves the bearing capacity of structure.
As shown in Figure 5, in underframe fundamental node component 15, the intersection of the first column sleeve cylinder 5 and two the first beam casing cylinders 4 is fixed by L-type steel 6.Equally, in upper frame fundamental node component 16, the intersection of the second column sleeve cylinder 5 ' and two the second beam casing cylinders 4 ' is also fixed by L-type steel 6.
As shown in Figure 1, during construction, on square endplate 1, welding is used on clamped beam, the groove of column sleeve cylinder and otic placode in advance, has welded otic placode in advance on beam, column sleeve cylinder.In assembling process, first by column sleeve cylinder 5 installation in position, then beam casing cylinder 4 is installed, trapezoidal steel plate 3 is connected with otic placode bolt, plays the effect of clamped beam column sleeve cylinder, the effect of reinforcing can be played simultaneously to entirety.
As shown in Figure 3, be upper frame fundamental node component 16, assembling process is identical with underframe fundamental node component 15.
As shown in Figure 4, by the column sleeve cylinder of rectangular steel tube 7, i shaped steel 8 correspondence insertion underframe fundamental node component 15, upper frame fundamental node component 16 and beam casing cylinder, bolt is screwed into cell wall hole, cell wall, sleeve, beam column are fixed.Wherein undercarriage bea adopts i shaped steel 8, and upper frame beam adopts rectangular steel tube 7, composition prefabricated house basic framework.
As shown in Figure 5, for strengthening the intensity of underframe fundamental node component 15 and upper frame fundamental node component 16, and improve structural entity bearing capacity, at fundamental node component, place adds L-type steel 6, and connects with bolt.
As shown in Figure 6, because sleeve wall exists thickness, wallboard is directly installed, floor can produce gap, be placed on rectangular steel tube 7 with on i shaped steel 8 so pad with the purlin 9 with sleeve wall equal thickness.
As shown in Figure 7, for strengthening stability and the bearing capacity of structure, diagonal brace 11 is set at bottom framework place, composition prefabricated house framework.
As shown in Fig. 8 a, 8b, top frame beam is fixed two angle steel 10, make two angle steel form a groove, embedded the upper end of wallboard 12 in this groove, the pin of fixing angle steel 10 is simultaneously through purlin 9 and rectangular steel tube 7 steel pipe walls.
As shown in Fig. 9 a, 9b, fix an angle steel 10 on underframe is set a roof beam in place, make angle steel 10 and floor 13 form a groove, embedded the lower end of wallboard 12 in this groove, the pin of fixing angle steel 10 is through the edge of a wing of purlin 9 with i shaped steel 8.
Install roof panel 14, roof panel 14 is connected with upper frame fundamental node component 16, the end plate of upper frame fundamental node component 16 has screw, is fixed on prefabricated house framework by roof panel 14 by bolt.As shown in Figure 10, be the prefabricated house after having assembled.
In order to ensure the sealing of prefabricated house, the present embodiment adopts the junction of fluid sealant to component to seal.
In the present invention, underframe fundamental node component 15 is connected combination by welding with bolt with upper frame fundamental node component 16 to be fixed, and by bean column node member integrated, enhances node strength and bearing capacity, easy installation and removal, can reuse, increase the service life; Adopt trapezoidal steel plate 3, serve the effect connected with stationary nodes basic building block, meanwhile, adding of trapezoidal steel plate 3, make structure bear the ability of horizontal direction load more by force, improve the stability of structure; Adopt the connected mode of grafting between the beam column in dynamic room and fundamental node component, improve the integral rigidity of structure, make prefabricated house build more simple and fast; After basic framework builds end, adopt L-type steel 6 to strengthen fundamental node, because beam column sleeve is not by being welded to connect, when structure bearing larger load, easily causing the beam column sleeve at fundamental node place to loosen, thus making structural instability.Add L-type steel 3 sleeve connection are fixed, improve the intensity of fundamental node component, enhance the stability of structural entity; Prefabricated house adopts stainless steel thin-wall quadrate steel pipe column.Rectangular steel tube is adopted to be because its cross section is cross section of remaining silent, structure is seismic load, wind load in the horizontal direction, and under the acting in conjunction of vertical load, torsional effect can be produced, structural element is subject to the impact of torsional effect, very easily occur unstable phenomenon, and the torsional stiffness in cross section can be improved in cross section of remaining silent, improve the supporting capacity of structure under seismic loading.In addition, have employed stainless-steel pipe and can effectively improve the corrosion-resistant of building and endurance quality;
Because beam column component is linked together by node component, so prefabricated house has stronger autgmentability, carry out spatial spread by expanding node component to prefabricated house, practicality is stronger.

Claims (10)

1. a prefabricated house, is characterized in that comprising: structural framing, shingle nail, floor and roof panel, and wherein shingle nail, floor and roof panel are all installed on structural framing; Structural framing comprises bottom framework, top frame, is located at column between bottom framework and top frame and shingle nail, floor plate, roof panel, wherein bottom framework has bottom beam, bottom side beams, diagonal brace and underframe fundamental node component, bottom beam and bottom side beams and the grafting of underframe fundamental node component are installed and tighten up, top frame has beam and upper frame fundamental node component, and beam and the grafting of upper frame fundamental node component are installed and tighten up.
2. by prefabricated house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described underframe fundamental node component has the first end plate, the first column sleeve cylinder and the first beam casing cylinder, wherein the first end plate is as the substrate of underframe fundamental node component, first column sleeve cylinder is installed vertically on square endplate, two the first beam casing cylinders are installed on square endplate with the orthogonal form level of its center line, form 3 D stereo axle perpendicular to each other with the first post sleeve centerline.
3., by prefabricated house according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: between end plate and the first column sleeve cylinder and/or the first beam casing cylinder, be provided with multiple stiffener.
4., by prefabricated house according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: each stiffener is with between the facade being fixedly installed in the first column sleeve cylinder or the first beam casing cylinder perpendicular to the mode of the first column sleeve cylinder or the first beam casing cylinder facade and end plate.
5. by prefabricated house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper frame fundamental node component has the second end plate, the second column sleeve cylinder and the second beam casing cylinder, wherein the second end plate is as the substrate of upper frame fundamental node component, second column sleeve cylinder is installed vertically on the lower surface of L shape end plate, two the second beam casing cylinders are installed on the lower surface of L shape end plate with the orthogonal form level of its center line, form 3 D stereo axle perpendicular to each other with the second post sleeve centerline.
6., by prefabricated house according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: between L shape end plate and the second column sleeve cylinder and/or the second beam casing cylinder, be provided with multiple stiffener.
7., by prefabricated house according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: each stiffener is to be fixedly installed between the facade of the second column sleeve cylinder or the second beam casing cylinder and L shape end plate perpendicular to the mode of the second column sleeve cylinder or the second beam casing cylinder facade.
8., by prefabricated house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the column between bottom framework and top frame and the space between shingle nail arrange purlin.
9., by prefabricated house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on two diagonal of bottom framework, be provided with diagonal brace.Effect ensures that the globality of bottom framework improves the bearing capacity of structure
10., by the prefabricated house described in claim 2 or 5, it is characterized in that: in underframe fundamental node component, the intersection of the first column sleeve cylinder and two the first beam casing cylinders is fixed by angle steel.
CN201510076807.8A 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 Portable shelter Pending CN104674949A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510076807.8A CN104674949A (en) 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 Portable shelter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510076807.8A CN104674949A (en) 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 Portable shelter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104674949A true CN104674949A (en) 2015-06-03

Family

ID=53310494

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510076807.8A Pending CN104674949A (en) 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 Portable shelter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104674949A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106285047A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 胡志勇 The diversified prefabricated house of profile and manufacture method
CN109024994A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-12-18 柯世轮 A kind of Spliced movable room wallboard connecting structure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106285047A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 胡志勇 The diversified prefabricated house of profile and manufacture method
CN109024994A (en) * 2018-07-31 2018-12-18 柯世轮 A kind of Spliced movable room wallboard connecting structure

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Application publication date: 20150603