CN104671844A - Composting machine and method for kitchen garbage - Google Patents

Composting machine and method for kitchen garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104671844A
CN104671844A CN201510065358.7A CN201510065358A CN104671844A CN 104671844 A CN104671844 A CN 104671844A CN 201510065358 A CN201510065358 A CN 201510065358A CN 104671844 A CN104671844 A CN 104671844A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentor tank
kitchen
crusher
gun barrel
worm conveyor
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Granted
Application number
CN201510065358.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104671844B (en
Inventor
李春
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Beijing Green Bo Wai YYE environmental protection & Technology Co., Ltd.
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李春
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/04Biological compost
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention provides a composting machine and method for kitchen garbage. The composting machine comprises a hopper, a crusher, a screw conveyer, a fermentation tank and an oil-water separation tank, wherein the crusher is arranged below the hopper, a crushing cutter is arranged in the crusher, the screw conveyer is arranged at the downstream part of the crusher and is obliquely connected up to the fermentation tank by virtue of a conveying pipe, and the bottom of the screw conveyer is connected with the oil-water separator by a pipeline. When the composting machine is used, the solid garbage part in the kitchen garbage is processed into fertilizer in the fermentation tank and the fertilizer can be used for cultivating flowers and vegetables; the liquid garbage part in the kitchen garbage is subjected to oil-water separation and then is processed into a hydrotropic substance by a grease decomposing and deodorizing device and the hydrotropic substance is discharged together with water; therefore, the kitchen garbage can be prevented from being taken as the raw material of swill-cooked dirty oil. Due to use of an air deodorizing device and the grease decomposing and deodorizing device, the whole composting machine does not generate odor, thereby avoiding environment pollution.

Description

Compost treatment machine and treatment process thereof more than kitchen
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of handler for rubbish from cooking being carried out compost treatment, being applicable to the place of a large amount of rubbishes from cooking of stably manufactured such as unit dining room, restaurant, school lunch service.
Background technology
More and more higher along with urbanization degree, refuse treatment becomes the important factor developed in a healthy way in restriction city.For Chinese city, due to Chinese food habits problem, rubbish from cooking generation is more, composition is more assorted, add domestic refuse classification and carry out difficulty, rubbish from cooking is difficult to be cleared up in time, and rubbish from cooking is mingled in other domestic refuses, even the time slightly grows whole refuse container, refuse reclamation car even produce serious Peculiar Smell in refuse tip, and therefore the difficulty of the later stage classification process of rubbish also sharply strengthens, and is the greatest problem of Chinese refuse treatment.
Wherein, the places such as unit dining room, restaurant, school lunch service, produce a large amount of rubbish from cooking every day, need the link such as storage, timing cleaning, transport to carry out special disposal, waste time and energy, also kitchen environment after impact, urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the invention is to: compost treatment machine and treatment process thereof more than a kind of kitchen are provided, rubbish from cooking can be processed in time in position, source, the trouble avoiding the links such as follow-up storage, transport, classification, separation and process to produce occurs.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention comprises:
Compost treatment machine more than a kind of kitchen, is characterized in that: be provided with hopper, crusher, worm conveyor, fermentor tank and gun barrel, wherein:
Be provided with described crusher below described hopper, in described crusher, be provided with crushing cutter;
Described worm conveyor is positioned at described crusher downstream, connects described fermentor tank with the oblique Shangdi of transfer lime;
Described gun barrel is connected with pipeline below described worm conveyor.
Compost treatment machine more than described kitchen, is characterized in that: described fermentor tank, in being horizontally disposed with, is horizontally provided with rotating shaft, and this rotating shaft is provided with multiple agitating vane, and this rotating shaft also connects drive-motor; In described fermentor tank, electro-heat equipment is installed.
More than described kitchen in compost treatment machine: described electro-heat equipment is mounted in the heating bar of the end of fermentor tank.
More than described kitchen in compost treatment machine: described fermentor tank is also connected with air deodorising apparatus.
More than described kitchen in compost treatment machine: the transfer lime of described worm conveyor is also provided with interlayer, the inner side-wall of described interlayer is provided with sieve aperture, and described interlayer is communicated to the described pipeline below described worm conveyor.
More than described kitchen in compost treatment machine: also comprise grease decomposition and deodorization device, it is connected with described gun barrel.
More than described kitchen in compost treatment machine: be also provided with discharging window on described fermentor tank.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention also comprises:
Composting treatment method more than a kind of kitchen, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) rubbish from cooking enters crusher by hopper, is provided with crushing cutter in described crusher, described rubbish from cooking is shredded and mixes;
(2) be provided with worm conveyor in described crusher downstream, the described worm conveyor oblique Shangdi of transfer lime connects described fermentor tank, for being delivered in fermentor tank by the solid substances in crusher;
(3) described fermentor tank is in being horizontally disposed with, horizontally be provided with rotating shaft, this rotating shaft is provided with multiple agitating vane, this rotating shaft also connects drive-motor, and under the effect of drive-motor, described rotating shaft drives agitating vane to rotate, the solid substances entering fermentor tank is mixed, then, under the electro-heat equipment arranged is auxiliary, make solid substances start fermentation in fermentor tank;
(4) also connect described gun barrel with pipeline below described worm conveyor, the liquid material carried in rubbish from cooking is collected by gun barrel;
(5) in described gun barrel, be provided with grid, the solid substances adulterated in liquid material is fallen by grid filtration, produce oily water separation under gravity through the liquid material filtered, oil reservoir is wherein comparatively light due to proportion, floats over the top of water layer.
More than described kitchen in composting treatment method: described gun barrel is also connected with grease decomposition and deodorization device, its ion-oxygen produced contacts with the oil reservoir in gun barrel through aerating pipelines, original for grease molecular linkage is broken, forms hydroaropic substance, then discharge with water.
More than described kitchen in composting treatment method: the transfer lime of described worm conveyor is also provided with interlayer, the inner side-wall of described interlayer is provided with sieve aperture, the liquid material adulterated in solid substances is back to below worm conveyor via sieve aperture and interlayer under the pushing of screw rod, and enters gun barrel by described pipeline.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the present invention has is:
1, the present invention fully automatically can realize the automatic composting process of a large amount of rubbish from cooking, time and labour saving;
2, the present invention low in energy consumption, without foul smell, smelly water discharge, pollution-free;
3, use the present invention, rubbish from cooking can be eliminated in position, source, avoid rubbish from cooking to be mixed in domestic refuse, solve all troubles in rubbish storage, transport and assorting process, reduce dregs of society processing cost, protection social environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of compost treatment machine more than kitchen provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the amplification view of the transfer lime in the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: body 1; Hopper 2; Crusher 3; Worm conveyor 4; Transfer lime 41; Pipeline 42; Interlayer 43; Sieve aperture 44; Fermentor tank 5; Rotating shaft 51; Agitating vane 52; Electro-heat equipment 53; Discharging window 54; Air deodorising apparatus 6; Gun barrel 7; Grid 71; Grease decomposition and deodorization device 8; Aerating pipelines 81.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the invention provides compost treatment machine more than a kind of kitchen, it has rectangular body 1, hopper 2, crusher 3, worm conveyor 4, fermentor tank 5, air deodorising apparatus 6, gun barrel 7, grease decomposition and deodorization device 8 and required water pipe, electric wire, vent line is provided with in body 1, wherein:
The top side position of described body 1 that described hopper 2 is positioned at;
Be provided with described crusher 3 below hopper 2, in described crusher 3, be provided with crushing cutter (conventional mechanical does not give diagram), for the rubbish from cooking entered from hopper 2 being shredded and mixing, be beneficial to follow-up transportation work and fermentation work;
Described worm conveyor 4 is positioned at described crusher 3 downstream, connects described fermentor tank 5 with the oblique Shangdi of transfer lime 41, for being delivered in fermentor tank 5 by the solid substances in crusher 3;
Described fermentor tank 5 is in being horizontally disposed with, horizontally be provided with rotating shaft 51, this rotating shaft 51 is provided with multiple agitating vane 52, this rotating shaft 51 also connects drive-motor (not giving diagram), under the effect of drive-motor, described rotating shaft 51 drives agitating vane 52 to rotate, the solid substances entering fermentor tank 5 is mixed together with the sawdust dropped in advance in fermentor tank 5 and bacterial classification (sawdust and bacterial classification add when machine uses at first, then constantly can produce new thalline voluntarily in fermentor tank 5, therefore the later stage optionally can not added or be added sawdust and bacterial classification less), then, under the electro-heat equipment 53 arranged in fermentor tank 5 is auxiliary, solid substances is made to start fermentation, in the present embodiment, described electro-heat equipment 53 is mounted in the heating bar of the end of fermentor tank 5,
Described air deodorising apparatus 6 is connected with described fermentor tank 5, and for outwards being discharged after treatment by the foul smell produced in fermentor tank 5, in the present embodiment, described air deodorising apparatus 6 is active carbon deodorizing devices again;
Also connect described gun barrel 7 with pipeline 42 below described worm conveyor 4, the liquid material carried in rubbish from cooking is collected by gun barrel 7; In addition, as shown in Figure 2, the transfer lime 41 of described worm conveyor 4 is also provided with interlayer 43, the inner side-wall of described interlayer 43 is provided with sieve aperture 44, the liquid material adulterated in solid substances is back to below worm conveyor 4 via sieve aperture 44 and interlayer 43 under the pushing of screw rod, and enters gun barrel 7 by described pipeline 42; In described gun barrel 7, be provided with grid 71, the solid substances adulterated in liquid material is filtered out by grid 71, produce oily water separation under gravity through the liquid material filtered, oil reservoir is wherein comparatively light due to proportion, floats over the top of water layer;
Described grease decomposition and deodorization device 8, the model that preferred employing Tianjin Jin Yu source environmental protection equipment company limited produces is the grease decomposition and deodorization device 8 of FC-4, it is connected with described gun barrel 7, when work, the ion-oxygen that grease decomposition and deodorization device 8 produces contacts with the oil reservoir in gun barrel 7 through aerating pipelines 81, original for grease molecular linkage is broken, forms hydroaropic substance, then discharge with water.
Use compost treatment machine more than kitchen provided by the invention, rubbish from cooking can be carried out on-the-spot compost treatment, its solid waste part generates fertilizer in fermentor tank 5, and continue to produce thalline for the follow-up solid waste fermentation use entered, by the time when the fertilizer piled up in fermentor tank 5 is higher than discharging window 54, the haul of part fertilizer can be walked, can be used as grow flower plants vegetables; And after the liquid part in rubbish from cooking carries out oily water separation, form hydroaropic substance through the process of grease decomposition and deodorization device 8, then discharge with water, make rubbish from cooking avoid becoming the raw material of sewer oil; And air deodorising apparatus 6 and the use of grease decomposition and deodorization device 8, whole handler can be made to produce without foul smell, avoid contaminate environment.
More than illustrate just illustrative for the purpose of the present invention; and nonrestrictive, those of ordinary skill in the art understand, when not departing from the spirit and scope that claim limits; many amendments, change or equivalence can be made, but all will fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a compost treatment machine more than kitchen, is characterized in that: be provided with hopper, crusher, worm conveyor, fermentor tank and gun barrel, wherein:
Be provided with described crusher below described hopper, in described crusher, be provided with crushing cutter;
Described worm conveyor is positioned at described crusher downstream, connects described fermentor tank with the oblique Shangdi of transfer lime;
Described gun barrel is connected with pipeline below described worm conveyor.
2. compost treatment machine more than kitchen according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fermentor tank, in being horizontally disposed with, is horizontally provided with rotating shaft, this rotating shaft is provided with multiple agitating vane, and this rotating shaft also connects drive-motor; In described fermentor tank, electro-heat equipment is installed.
3. compost treatment machine more than kitchen according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described electro-heat equipment is mounted in the heating bar of the end of fermentor tank.
4. compost treatment machine more than kitchen according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fermentor tank is also connected with air deodorising apparatus.
5. compost treatment machine more than kitchen according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the transfer lime of described worm conveyor is also provided with interlayer, the inner side-wall of described interlayer is provided with sieve aperture, and described interlayer is communicated to the described pipeline below described worm conveyor.
6. compost treatment machine more than kitchen according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise grease decomposition and deodorization device, it is connected with described gun barrel.
7. compost treatment machine more than kitchen according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on described fermentor tank, be also provided with discharging window.
8. a composting treatment method more than kitchen, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) rubbish from cooking enters crusher by hopper, is provided with crushing cutter in described crusher, described rubbish from cooking is shredded and mixes;
(2) be provided with worm conveyor in described crusher downstream, the described worm conveyor oblique Shangdi of transfer lime connects described fermentor tank, for being delivered in fermentor tank by the solid substances in crusher;
(3) described fermentor tank is in being horizontally disposed with, horizontally be provided with rotating shaft, this rotating shaft is provided with multiple agitating vane, this rotating shaft also connects drive-motor, and under the effect of drive-motor, described rotating shaft drives agitating vane to rotate, the solid substances entering fermentor tank is mixed, then, under the electro-heat equipment arranged is auxiliary, make solid substances start fermentation in fermentor tank;
(4) also connect described gun barrel with pipeline below described worm conveyor, the liquid material carried in rubbish from cooking is collected by gun barrel;
(5) in described gun barrel, be provided with grid, the solid substances adulterated in liquid material is fallen by grid filtration, produce oily water separation under gravity through the liquid material filtered, oil reservoir is wherein comparatively light due to proportion, floats over the top of water layer.
9. composting treatment method more than kitchen according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described gun barrel is also connected with grease decomposition and deodorization device, its ion-oxygen produced contacts with the oil reservoir in gun barrel through aerating pipelines, original for grease molecular linkage is broken, form hydroaropic substance, then discharge with water.
10. composting treatment method more than kitchen according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the transfer lime of described worm conveyor is also provided with interlayer, the inner side-wall of described interlayer is provided with sieve aperture, the liquid material adulterated in solid substances is back to below worm conveyor via sieve aperture and interlayer under the pushing of screw rod, and enters gun barrel by described pipeline.
CN201510065358.7A 2015-02-06 2015-02-06 Food waste compost treatment machine and its processing method Active CN104671844B (en)

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CN201510065358.7A CN104671844B (en) 2015-02-06 2015-02-06 Food waste compost treatment machine and its processing method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104923552A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-09-23 青海洁神环境能源产业有限公司 Method for sub-critical treatment of kitchen waste
CN106495749A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-03-15 华南理工大学 A kind of continuous composting device of organic waste
CN111807883A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-23 青岛鼎犁生态农业科技开发有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling device and method
CN112661542A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-04-16 安徽昊天生物科技有限公司 Aerobic fermentation device for kitchen garbage

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102336592A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-02-01 李文庆 Kitchen waste disposal machine
CN102896138A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-01-30 深圳市科讯鸿电子有限公司 Harmless environment-friendly domestic garbage disposer and domestic garbage disposing method
CN103100555A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-15 山东城矿再生资源有限公司 Kitchen waste disposer

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102336592A (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-02-01 李文庆 Kitchen waste disposal machine
CN102896138A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-01-30 深圳市科讯鸿电子有限公司 Harmless environment-friendly domestic garbage disposer and domestic garbage disposing method
CN103100555A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-05-15 山东城矿再生资源有限公司 Kitchen waste disposer

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104923552A (en) * 2015-07-09 2015-09-23 青海洁神环境能源产业有限公司 Method for sub-critical treatment of kitchen waste
CN106495749A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-03-15 华南理工大学 A kind of continuous composting device of organic waste
CN111807883A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-10-23 青岛鼎犁生态农业科技开发有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling device and method
CN112661542A (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-04-16 安徽昊天生物科技有限公司 Aerobic fermentation device for kitchen garbage

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Effective date of registration: 20180214

Address after: 100012 Beijing Chaoyang District Anli Road No. 56 (nine 2000 homes) No. 3 building 2203 room

Patentee after: Beijing Green Bo Wai YYE environmental protection & Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100012 Beijing Chaoyang District Anli Road No. 56 (nine 2000 homes) No. 3 building 2203 room

Patentee before: Li Chun