CN104671029B - Unidirectional circulation elevator - Google Patents

Unidirectional circulation elevator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104671029B
CN104671029B CN201510041060.2A CN201510041060A CN104671029B CN 104671029 B CN104671029 B CN 104671029B CN 201510041060 A CN201510041060 A CN 201510041060A CN 104671029 B CN104671029 B CN 104671029B
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China
Prior art keywords
car
guide
car frame
traction
oblique
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CN201510041060.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104671029A (en
Inventor
赵武
王超宇
陈华为
王晨
郭鑫
王瑞
罗涛
高琪
刘巧
王志勇
施天天
罗纯静
高立强
张凯
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Sichuan University
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Sichuan University
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Publication of CN104671029A publication Critical patent/CN104671029A/en
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Publication of CN104671029B publication Critical patent/CN104671029B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B9/00Kinds or types of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/0035Arrangement of driving gear, e.g. location or support
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/0065Roping
    • B66B11/008Roping with hoisting rope or cable operated by frictional engagement with a winding drum or sheave
    • B66B11/0095Roping with hoisting rope or cable operated by frictional engagement with a winding drum or sheave where multiple cars drive in the same hoist way
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/02Cages, i.e. cars
    • B66B11/0206Car frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B7/00Other common features of elevators
    • B66B7/02Guideways; Guides

Abstract

A unidirectional circulation elevator is characterized in that upper and lower vertical guide sets are arranged in two wells, each vertical guide set includes guiding guides having great spacing and supporting guides having little spacing; the front of each guide is in a closed ring shape, and the rear of each guide is open; top and bottom oblique transverse guides for connecting two vertical guides are provided; at least four foldable car frames used for hanging cars circularly slide on the vertical guides; at least six cars for circularly transporting passengers in transverse and vertical directions are provided; each car frame comprises guide and support pulleys sliding on the guiding and supporting guides; the guide pulleys are press-fitted on two sides of the guiding guides; the support pulleys drive magnetic powder brakes to allow folding; two lower or upper tractors are provided; each tractor pulls at least four car frames through a traction rope; the tractors in the two wells allow the multiple cars to circularly run, elevator service efficiency is greatly improved, few modifications are made to the traditional elevator, and implementing is facilitated; folding of the car frames and sliding of the cars need no additional power, and energy is saved; the guide pulleys run reliably and need small space; the unidirectional circulation elevator is suitable for the modification of existing elevators in high-rise buildings.

Description

One-way circulation elevator
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of circulation elevator, in particular for the vertical lift elevator of middle-high building.Belong to automatic lifting Machine class (b66b).
(2) background technology
Elevator, has the development history in more than 200 years, with constantly carrying of China's economic level at the beginning of invention so far Height, the use of elevator will be more extensive.Elevator of today either mechanical mechanism or control system has all tended to The stage of comparative maturity, but in terms of meeting demand of passenger transport, current lift increasingly shows deficiency.Throw in from extensive From the point of view of the elevator in market, elevator still carry over the method for operation that a traditional hoistway adds a car, and with building Build constantly increasing of thing floor, the continuous lengthening of hoistway, the stroke of elevator is more and more longer, inevitably results in the decline of operational efficiency And the deficiency of space resources utilization rate.
The common practices solving the above problems are by optimizing elevator dispatching mechanism, reasonably completing the scheduling fortune of elevator OK, this scheme is widely implemented, but we it is seen that, in market, the heavy construction such as office building, uprush in flow of the people In the case of, elevator dispatching anyway, all it is difficult to meet the demand to elevator for the passenger.So only setting about being lifted from software The efficiency of service of elevator has been difficult.Therefore, from the circulation elevator of the efficiency of service of the energy hoisting elevator of hardware Concept arise at the historic moment.
The concept of circulation elevator proposes existing more than ten years, and period creates kinds of schemes, but is converted into real achievement Substantially do not have.It is that used in scheme, technology is also unable to reach at this stage that its reason can be summarized as following: one at 2 points, such as certain side That mentions in case is applied to elevator etc. by magnetic levitation technology;Two is too big with existing elevator technology span it is impossible to will be existing Elevator resources directly use, and the such as requirement to hoistway makes the hoistway in current building cannot use, to lift car Transformation amount cause at present lift car on the market cannot directly apply too much.The problem that these reasons finally result in is exactly Improvement expenses is high, does not have commercial value.
Disclosed<Circulated multi-cage elevator>zl200720194002.4 of Chinese patent, although also provide to lift electricity Many cage circulating elevators of terraced efficiency of service, but there are the following problems: 1) using four wells ringwise arranged between floors Road, is unsatisfactory for the requirement specifying in high rise elevator arrangement principle to be preferred with two hoistways, and with existing<hoistway one elevator> Transformation is also difficult to.2) using<car all configures a traction machine>, it is that a circulation elevator has a lot of traction machines, Big with existing<hoistway one traction machine>gap, transformation is difficult to, high cost.
(3) content of the invention
The one-way circulation elevator that the present invention provides, is a kind of many cage circulating elevators, and one of its goal of the invention is solution Certainly existing<hoistway adds a car>elevator efficiency low it is difficult to meet high-rise building artificial abortion transport needs.The two of purpose are the present invention Many cage circulating elevators are to improve to form on the basis of existing<hoistway adds a car>elevator technology, need to realize to existing well The transformation of road, lift car etc. is convenient, so that the transitional processes of existing elevator to circulation elevator is more easily implemented.
Technical scheme:
One-way circulation elevator, including multiple cars and multiple car frame;It is characterized in that:
1) in two hoistways 6Under、6OnLaterally outside x two, set the descending vertical z set of rails 4 being fixed on hoistway respectivelyUnderWith upper Row vertical guide group 4On, above or below two hoistways, between two vertical guide groups, setting connects the top of two vertical guide groups The oblique cross slide way in portion 5OnThe oblique cross slide way 5 with bottomUnder.Every group of vertical guide group includes along longitudinal two groups of spacing of y being yLeadGuiding Guide rail 4LeadIt is y with two groups of spacing?Supporting guide 4?, and yLead>y?;Every group of guiding rail 4LeadFor transversely there being medial and lateral guide rail Closed ring guide rail;Every group of supporting guide 4?Transversely also there is interior follower rail, but be two ends and have inlet transforms circular arc Opening guide rail, medial support guide rail has vertically been arranged on car and has transported section, and vertically total height z is guiding to outside-supporting guide rail The high transition lengthening section 4 adding lower end again of guide railPropped up.2) in the interior car circulating elevationally outward and sliding in every group of vertical guide group Frame 2 arrange n platform, n be four and more than;Including on companion car frame on inboard track in two vertical guide groups in two hoistways The car of lower operation, the standby sedan-chair sliding by oblique self gravitation circulation on the oblique cross slide way of the oblique cross slide way in top and bottom Railway carriage or compartment arranges m platform altogether, m be six and more than;Every car slides to mount or slide by the car pulley 1.1 above itself and leaves Folding guide rail on car frame, car is on the oblique cross slide way in top 5 and the oblique cross slide way in bottom 5UnderUpper low points 5.1On、5.1 Under slide mounting, in the oblique cross slide way in top 5OnThe oblique cross slide way 5 with bottomUnderHigh site 5.2On、5.2UnderSlide and leave;In elevator Before startup, n platform car frame is uniform along traction steel rope of cable 3.1 girth;M platform car stops quantity on the oblique cross slide way in top and bottom Equal.3) it is respectively provided with descending traction machine 3 along downlink or uplink vertical guide group and topUnderOr up traction machine 3On;Every is draged Draw machine 3 and include along longitudinal two groups of upper and lower traction piece 3y of y, every group of upper and lower traction piece by a closing traction steel rope of cable 3.1 with up and down Traction wheel 3.2 is in transmission connection composition;Even part 2.10 is simultaneously fixed at traction steel rope of cable 3.1 to be equipped with traction on every car frame 2, by On two groups of upper and lower traction pieces, underdrive draws four and above car frame 2 altogether, makes on their outsides in every group of vertical guide group Lower circulation is slided, and launches in diverse location and fold;Every traction machine drive part is located at top.4) every car frame 2 bone Frame 2.4 upper end equipped with can around skeleton longitudinal direction y rotate in guiding rail 4LeadTwo groups of leading blocks 2.1 of upper slip, skeleton lower end Equipped with the two groups of support pulleys 2.2 sliding on supporting guide 4, car frame lower end has and is turned by magnetic powder cluth 2.5 output shaft Dynamic and car frame steel cable drives deployable or equivalent folding guide rail 2.3, supports pulley to slide up and down produces driving force and through passing Moving part passes to magnetic powder cluth input;Every group of leading block 2.1 passes through horizontal casting die clamping and is crimped on guiding rail 4LeadLaterally Both sides, and leading block connects part with the traction being fixed on horizontal casting die and the driving of traction steel rope of cable is slided on guiding rail.
Hanging with can set respectively at car pulley 1.1 on the oblique cross slide way in above-mentioned top and the oblique cross slide way in bottom makes car stop The limit switch 5.1 of on-slip rowOn、5.2On、5.1Under、5.2Under.Between above-mentioned guiding rail and adjacent supports center line of guide rail along y to Away from referred to as two guide rail gauge yGauge;Car frame leading block and adjacent supports pulley pass through respective central point and in respective Heart line o1、o2The distance between two planes referred to as two pulley rooms away from yWheelspan, the desirable y of designGauge=yWheelspan.Above-mentioned leading block 2.1 height are 2.1z, in described transversely x, between follower rail, centreline spacing is 4x, design desirable 2.1z<4x.
The invention has the advantages that:
1) adopt descending, up vertical guide group, realize the vertical recycling of four and above car frame;With can Unfold car frame and upper and lower oblique cross slide way, realize six and above car is mounted on car frame and together along all vertical Use with circular flow on cross slide way;Thus greatly improve the efficiency of service of elevator, save elevator surrounding resources.2) two are used Individual hoistway realizes circular flow, hoistway specialize in up, hoistway specialize in descending, meet elevator arrangement principle it is easier to Realize the utilization to hoistway in existing structure.3) join a traction machine with a hoistway, only need two traction machines just to can achieve Many car circulations, greatly reduce the demand to traction machine for many cars, cost-effective, and structure is differed not with traditional elevator Greatly, convenient to carry out.4) car frame is made to fold the power of the magnetic powder cluth driving by supporting pulley to slide up and down generation;Save Driving means, energy saving.And after car leaves car frame, car frame 23、27Running after folding can be used as counterweight.5) using tiltedly Cross slide way, makes car mount and is oblique, available self gravitation transport, save driving means and the energy.6) elevator starts Before, standby n platform car frame and m platform car equilibrium arrangement;Make allotment speed fast;Stress equalization etc..7) top and bottom are tiltedly horizontal Direction guiding rail is limited bit switch, ensures to control car stop place.8) optimize guide rail, roller design parameter ensures circular flow Fixed, and it is little to take up room: design takes yGauge=yWheelspan.Make car frame solid slip on guide rail, remain and vertically go up position Not topsy turvydom, that is, the skeleton of car frame remain vertical direction constant (see Fig. 5).Take 2.1 simultaneouslyz<4x(see Fig. 5), can save Save the occupation of land space of vertical guide group.9) with the present invention program, existing hoistway, guide rail, car etc. are transformed conveniently, make existing The transitional processes of elevator to circulation elevator are more easily implemented: 1. in existing two hoistways, laterally (x) outer ledge respectively sets up one Downlink and uplink vertical guide group, and existing hoistway has transformation to implement space to outside (x).2. to build tiltedly horizontal on lower Direction guiding rail, also only need to install in each well headroom existing or bottom, existing hoistway top layer and subterranean layer all have an installing space and The hoistway of existing elevator need not be increased.3. newly-designed foldable car frame is to carry out in-site installation in factory, will not move greatly existing Each hoistway having.4. car and traction machine are essentially identical with existing.
(4) brief description
Fig. 1 integral arrangement of the present invention schematic diagram (z-x face).
Fig. 2 Fig. 1 k direction view.I.e. descending vertical guide group, two groups of upper and lower traction pieces and four car frame longitudinal direction y view (z- Y face).
Every group of vertical guide group of Fig. 34 times or 4OnAxonometric chart.(in Fig. 3, only draw 4Under, because of 4OnWith 4UnderThe basic phase of planform With omission)
Mono- car frame 2 axonometric chart of Fig. 4.
Car frame 2 after Fig. 5 folding3Slide in guiding rail turning position view (z-x face)
Car frame 2 after Fig. 6 folding3Slide in guiding rail outside position view (z-x face)
Before Fig. 7 elevator starts, car frame 2 spare space figure.
Five) specific embodiment
The present embodiment one-way circulation elevator, following formation:
1) hoistway 6, vertical horizontal guide rail 4,5:
See Fig. 1, in two hoistways 6Under、6OnLaterally (x) both sides of the edge, are respectively provided with descending vertical (z) set of rails 4UnderWith upper Row vertical guide group 4On.Above or below two hoistways, between two vertical guide groups, setting connects the top of two vertical guide groups The oblique cross slide way in portion 5OnThe oblique cross slide way 5 with bottomUnder.And in the oblique cross slide way in top 5OnIf sliding limit switch 5.1On、5.2On, In the oblique cross slide way in bottom 5UnderIf sliding limit switch 5.1Under、5.2Under.Two vertical guide groups are fixed on the upper and lower layer water of two hoistways Mud layer 6.1On、6.1Under.
See Fig. 3, every group of vertical guide group 4UnderOr 4OnFollowing composition: the guiding rail 1. having two groups of spacing to lead for y along longitudinal y 4LeadThe supporting guide 4 propping up for y with two groups of spacing?,yLead> y?.(Fig. 2 can be seen) simultaneously.Guiding rail and supporting guide cross section are equal For circle.2. every group of guiding rail 4LeadTransversely x has inner side guiding rail 4In leadingWith outside guiding rail 4Lead outer(figure can be seen simultaneously , and form closed circular shape 1).Guide rail 4In leadingWith guide rail 4Lead outerVertical height zLeadAll with upper and lower traction piece 3y height z3yEqual (z3ySee Fig. 2).3. every group of supporting guide 4?Transversely x has medial support guide rail 4InWith outside-supporting guide rail 4Outside, two ends are There is the opening guide rail of circular arc.4. medial support guide rail 4InVertical height zInIt has been arranged on car and has transported section: seen Fig. 1, to descending Under vertical guide group 4, zInFor height between low points on the oblique cross slide way in top 5 to upper and lower traction piece 3y minimum point.To up In vertical guide group 4, zInHeight between for high site in bottom 5 times low points of oblique cross slide way to the oblique cross slide way in top 5.⑤ Outside-supporting guide rail 4OutsideHeight zOutsideElect guide rail 4 asLead outerHeight z leads along with the height of outside-supporting 4 mistakes of guide rail changeover portion zPropped up.
2) car frame 2 quantity, circular flow path and institute are through position, the front spare space of startup:
Vertically circulate the car frame 2 setting n platform sliding in inner or outer side in every group of vertical guide group, n is four here.
See Fig. 1, row is set on descending vertical guide group and vertically circulates the car frame 2 sliding for four.Circulating walking along the street Footpath is from follower rail up return original position after inboard track is descending.Will be through car frame 2 in circular flow1、22、23、24 Position, be described as follows: 1. up at the low points of vertical horizontal guide rail junction, mount car 11Car frame mounting position 21.② In descending hoistway 6 times, hang with the car 1 with passenger2And the operation slided in descending vertical guide group inboard track group 4 times Car frame run location 22.3. high site, car 1 are joined in lower section vertical horizontal guide rail3That is just leaving car frame leaves position 23. 4. car frame home position 2 after the outer slip of descending vertical guide group follower rail group 4 or static reserve fold4.
See Fig. 1, the car frame 2 four that up vertical circulation is slided is set on up vertical guide group.Up car frame follows Inscription of loop path is up from inboard track, and follower rail is descending to be returned in situ.Mounting position is also passed through in circular flow Put 25, run location 26, leave position 27, home position 28.
Before elevator starts, multiple stage car frame 2 spare space is uniform along 3.1 1 weeks girths of traction steel rope of cable of closing.See figure 7, the Zhou Changwei l of traction steel rope of cable 3.1, on every group of guiding rail, car frame 2 is n platform, then two neighboring car frame 2 is spaced Zhou Changwei l/n.
Car 1 quantity, circular flow path and institute are through position, the front spare space of elevator startup:
See Fig. 1, the lower operation sedan-chair run downwards in company with car frame is located in hoistway 6 times on descending vertical guide group 4 times Railway carriage or compartment position 12;Interior on hoistway 6 it is located at up vertical guide group 4OnOn can be in company with the up upper operation car position 1 of car frame5; In the oblique cross slide way in top 5OnTwo standby cars 11、16, standby two cars 1 of sliding under the oblique cross slide way in bottom 53、 14, altogether arrange six.
See Fig. 1, every car 1 passes through on the folding guide rail 2.3 that the car pulley 1.1 above itself launches on car frame Slide to mount or slide and leave.Car 11In low points 5.1 on the oblique cross slide way in top 5, place is mounted on car frame 21;14The bottom of at The oblique cross slide way in portion 5UnderUpper low points 5.1UnderIt is mounted on car frame 25.
Car 13In the oblique cross slide way in bottom 5UnderUpper high site 5.2UnderSlide and leave car frame 23;Car 16Tiltedly horizontal at top Direction guiding rail 5OnHigh site 5.2OnSlide and leave car frame 27.Wherein, low points 5.1On, low points 5.1Under, high site 5.2On, high-order Under point 5.2 namely at limit switch.
Before elevator starts, the car number that the car of spare space stops on the oblique cross slide way in top and bottom should be equal, And spacing equilibrium.Here up and down each 3 uniform.
3) traction machine 3, upper and lower traction piece 3y number of locations composition:
See Fig. 1, be respectively provided with descending traction machine 3 in downlink or uplink vertical guide group and topUnderOr up traction machine 3On. See Fig. 2, include under descending traction machine 3 along longitudinal two groups of upper and lower traction piece 3y of y, every group of upper and lower traction piece 3y leading by a closing Draw steel cable 3.1 with up and down totally two traction wheels 3.2 be in transmission connection composition.Traction is equipped with every car frame and connects part 2.10 simultaneously It is fixed on a traction steel rope of cable 3.1, four car frames 2 are drawn by underdrive on two groups of upper and lower traction piece 3y1、22、23、24? The upper loopy moving in outside in descending vertical guide group.In the same manner, see Fig. 1, up traction machine 3OnFour car frames 2 of traction5、26、27、 28Loopy moving on outside in up vertical guide group.See Fig. 2, every traction machine drive part is located at top, including driving Motor 3.3, drawing transmission shaft 3.4, two ends traction belts 3.5 are until drive the upper traction wheel 3.2 of two groups of upper and lower traction piece 3y.Figure In 2,3.6 is traction machine drive part securing supports.Here traction machine drive part is essentially identical with existing elevator, no longer in detail State.
4) annexation of every car frame 2 structure and vertical guide group and upper and lower traction piece 3y:
See Fig. 4, every car frame 2 skeleton 2.4 upper end is equipped with two groups of leading blocks 2.1, the guiding of two groups of leading blocks 2.1 Pulley rotating shaft 2.1n is hinged with skeleton upper end, so that two groups of leading blocks 2.1 can be rotated around skeleton upper end.Skeleton lower slide side fills There are two support pulleys 2.2, skeleton lower end folded sides, equipped with deployable or equivalent folding guide rail 2.3, fill magnetic powder in the middle part of skeleton Clutch 2.5.Folding guide rail 2.3 is connected to the outfan of the magnetic powder cluth positioned at skeleton upper end by car frame steel cable 2.6 2.5n.Pulley 2.2 is supported to pass through belt pulley 2.7, belt 2.8, belt pulley set 2.9 grade drive mechanism is in transmission connection magnetic powder clutched The power intake of device 2.5.Support when car frame runs pulley 2.2 in 4 slips of supporting guide of vertical guide group, pass through Belt pulley, belt, belt pulley set etc. are driven provides uninterruptible power for magnetic powder cluth, by controlling the closure of magnetic powder cluth And then control magnetic powder cluth outfan, car frame steel cable to change the angle folding of folding guide rail.The state of folding guide rail 2.3 has three Kind: see Fig. 1, respectively acute angle deployed condition car frame 21、22、25、26, obtuse angle deployed condition car frame 23、27, collapsed state sedan-chair Railway carriage or compartment frame 24、28.
See Fig. 4, every group of leading block 2.1 of car frame is elected vertically z as and set two row, transversely x two row totally 4 assembly pulleys Become, leading block 2.1 height is 2.1z(i.e. two row pulley total height 2.1z).Every group of leading block 2.1 is clamped by horizontal casting die It is crimped on guiding rail 4 and leads both lateral sides (guiding rail is placed in two row's pulley rooms), and leading block is with being fixed on horizontal casting die Traction connect the driving of part 2.10 and traction steel rope of cable 3.1 forward slip consolidated on guiding rail.Every group of leading block and corresponding The laterally commercially available product such as casting die, I will not elaborate.
See Fig. 2, in descending vertical guide group 4UnderIn, having two groups of spacing along longitudinal y is yLeadGuiding rail 4LeadAnd between two groups Away from the supporting guide 4 propping up for y?,yLead> y?.Vertically there are four car frames 21、22、23、24, two groups of guiding of every car frame Pulley 2.1 is in two groups of guiding rails 4LeadUpper slip, two groups of support pulleys 2.2 of every car frame lower end are in two groups of supporting guides 4? Upper slip, and four car frames all connect part 2.10 by the traction of every and are fixed on same traction steel rope of cable 3.1.In the same manner up Vertical guide group 4OnIn, guide rail, car frame are identical with structures such as traction steel rope of cable.
6) guide rail, pulley optimal design parameter
See Fig. 2, guiding rail 4 is led and adjacent supports guide rail 4?Between along y to spacing be referred to as two guide rail gauge yGauge;Car frame Leading block and adjacent supports pulley pass through respective central point and perpendicular to respective centrage o1、o2Two planes between away from From referred to as two pulley rooms away from yWheelspan, design and take yGauge=yWheelspan.
See Fig. 5, Fig. 4, leading block 2.1 height is 2.1z, see Fig. 5, Fig. 3, transversely in x, follower rail spacing is 4xIf, Timing takes 2.1z<4x.
7) car frame 23The change in location explanation such as leading block and skeleton in vertical guide group loopy moving
See Fig. 1, Fig. 3, car frame 23Continue after folding to slip down to annular guiding rail bottom turning 4Lead and turn, see Fig. 4, see Fig. 5, draws with traction steel rope of cable 3.1, and two groups of leading blocks 2.1 rotate around skeleton 2.4 upper end, and car frame bone 2.4 remains perpendicular Nogata is constant to z, i.e. skeleton not topsy turvydom.See Fig. 6, simultaneously up with traction steel rope of cable 3.1 and leading block 2.1, support and slide Wheel 2.2 is along transition lengthening section 4Propped upUp slide into outside-supporting guide rail 4OutsideOn.Car frame continues up delivers to 24Position is (see figure 1).In the same manner, Fig. 1, Fig. 3 are seen, by the annular guiding rail top turning 4 of designUpper turnLead with there being circular arc open outer side to support Rail, under traction steel rope of cable 3.1 traction, leading block 2.1 rotates around skeleton upper end, and skeleton 2.4 remains vertical direction z not Become, car frame sends back to inner track car frame 21Position.Realize circular flow elevationally outward in car frame.
Whole working:
When numerous passenger a, b, c, d will go to low layer from high level: 1) see Fig. 1, by descending elevator button, system is connected to finger After order, descending traction machine is controlled to drive from car 1 for 3 times1The nearest standby car frame in position slides into car frame 21On position and open up Open foldable guide rail 2.3;Then control and be located at the oblique cross slide way in top 5OnOn car 11Unblock (limit switch 5.1On) slide limit System, car 11Slide and be articulated to car frame 21On folding guide rail 2.3.Hang with car 11Car frame 21On, in descending vertical guide Inner side guiding rail 4 under group 4In leadingWith medial support guide rail 4InUpper slip (simultaneously seeing Fig. 3), reaches designated floor and connects first Criticize passenger a.2), after passenger a enters elevator, by going to floor, system drives after receiving instruction makes passenger a arrive under descending traction machine 3 Reach designated floor and leave.3) see Fig. 1, after passenger a leaves, car frame 21Continue lower arriving and drop car frame 23Position, now car 11 Slide and leave car frame car frame 23Reach the oblique cross slide way in bottom 5UnderOn, slide to the oblique cross slide way in bottom under gravity Bottommost, wait up call order.4) due to car frame 21During decline, what high-rise another crowd of passenger b sent will be from high level Go to low layer call command to exist always, so work as connecing passenger's a car frame 2 along with first1Decline simultaneously, car frame 24 Own pull-up turn is to car frame 21Position carries out unfolded guide rail 2.3, slides the upper car 1 of mounting6Etc. passenger b waiting, control and work as Passenger a leaves, car 11After leaving hoistway 6 times, car 1 quickly6Descending immediately pick another crowd of passenger b, with multi-section car frame and Car circulation slides into a high position simultaneously and continuously picks passenger.
Existing<hoistway one cabin elevator>, in the face of kindred circumstances, numerous passengers need when high level is to low layer, need by After a part first delivers to low layer, this car rises to high level from low layer again, then picks another part passenger, during the marquis such as numerous passengers Between very long.Car 1 of the present invention1After sending passenger a descending, this car 11Not again can from this elevator bottom return up go to meet passenger b, But at another car 1 giving passenger a to be recycled to a high position simultaneously6Wait continues traveling downwardly to be picked.Greatly improve for this efficiency.

Claims (4)

1. one-way circulation elevator, including multiple cars and multiple car frame;It is characterized in that:
1) in two hoistways (6Under、6On) laterally outside (x) two, set descending vertical (z) set of rails (4 being fixed on hoistway respectivelyUnder) With up vertical guide group (4On), above or below two hoistways, between two vertical guide groups, setting connects two vertical guide The oblique cross slide way in top (5 of groupOn) and the oblique cross slide way in bottom (5Under);Every group of vertical guide group is included between two groups of edge longitudinal (y) Away from the guiding rail (4 led for yLead) and two groups of spacing be y?Supporting guide (4?), and yLead>y?;Every group of guiding rail is along horizontal stroke To the closed ring guide rail having interior follower rail;Every group of supporting guide is transversely to have interior follower rail two ends to have inlet transforms to justify The opening guide rail of arc, medial support guide rail is vertically arranged on cab and transports section, and vertically total height is to lead to outside-supporting guide rail The high transition lengthening section (4 adding lower end again of direction guiding railPropped up);
2) in every group of vertical guide group along interior circulate elevationally outward slide car frame (2) setting n platform, n be four and with On;Including the car running up and down in company with car frame on inboard track in two vertical guide groups in two hoistways, oblique at top Lean on the standby car that the circulation of oblique self gravitation is slided that m platform is set altogether on the oblique cross slide way of cross slide way and bottom, m be six and More than;Every car slides mounting by the car pulley (1.1) above itself or slides the folding guide rail leaving on car frame, Car low points (5.1 on the oblique cross slide way of the oblique cross slide way in top and bottomOn、5.1Under) slide mounting, tiltedly horizontal at top The high site (5.2 of the oblique cross slide way of guide rail and bottomOn、5.2Under) slide and leave;Before elevator starts, n platform car frame is along traction steel Rope (3.1) girth is uniform;It is equal that m platform car stops quantity on the oblique cross slide way in top and bottom;
3) descending traction machine (3 is set along descending vertical guide group and topUnder), arrange up along up vertical guide group and top Traction machine (3On);Every traction machine is included along longitudinally two groups of upper and lower traction pieces (3y), and every group of upper and lower traction piece is by a closing Traction steel rope of cable (3.1) and upper and lower traction wheel (3.2) are in transmission connection composition;Even part (2.10) is same to be equipped with traction on every car frame When be fixed on traction steel rope of cable, four and above car frame are drawn altogether by underdrive on two groups of upper and lower traction pieces, make them at every group Outside circulation slip up and down in vertical guide group, and launch in diverse location and fold;Every traction machine drive part is located at top Portion;
4) every car frame skeleton (2.4) upper end is equipped with the two groups of guiding slided on guiding rail that can longitudinally rotate around skeleton Pulley (2.1), equipped with two groups of supports pulley (2.2) slided on supporting guide, car frame lower end has by magnetic powder for skeleton lower end Clutch (2.5) output shaft rotation and car frame steel cable drive deployable or equivalent folding guide rail (2.3), support pulley upper and lower Slip produces driving force simultaneously passes to magnetic powder cluth input through driving member;Every group of leading block passes through horizontal casting die clamping crimping In guiding rail both lateral sides, and leading block connects part with the traction being fixed on horizontal casting die and the driving of traction steel rope of cable is guiding Slide on guide rail.
2. one-way circulation elevator as described in claim 1, is characterized in that the oblique cross slide way of the oblique cross slide way in top and bottom On hang with car pulley (1.1) place and set respectively and make car stop the limit switch (5.1 that slidesOn、5.2On、5.1Under、5.2Under).
3. one-way circulation elevator as described in claim 1, is characterized in that described guiding rail and adjacent supports guideway centreline It is referred to as two guide rail gauge y gauges along longitudinal pitch between line;Car frame leading block passes through respective central point with adjacent supports pulley And perpendicular to respective centrage o1、o2The distance between two planes referred to as two pulley rooms away from y wheelspan, take y gauge=y wheelspan.
4. one-way circulation elevator as described in claim 1, is characterized in that described leading block height is 2.1z, described edge is horizontal Inwardly between follower rail, centreline spacing is 4x, take 2.1z<4x.
CN201510041060.2A 2015-01-27 2015-01-27 Unidirectional circulation elevator Expired - Fee Related CN104671029B (en)

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CH260397A (en) * 1947-01-27 1949-03-15 Keller Ernst Paternoster-like elevator.
CN201144130Y (en) * 2007-11-01 2008-11-05 郭亮 Circulated multi-cage elevator
CN102070058A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-05-25 刘友发 Double-shaft cyclic elevator vehicle
CN204416847U (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-06-24 四川大学 One-way circulation cage lifter

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JP4277878B2 (en) * 2006-07-07 2009-06-10 株式会社日立製作所 Multi car elevator
WO2008136692A2 (en) * 2007-05-02 2008-11-13 Maglevvision Corporation Multi-car cyclic magnetic elevator with gravity linear electric generator/motor

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH260397A (en) * 1947-01-27 1949-03-15 Keller Ernst Paternoster-like elevator.
CN201144130Y (en) * 2007-11-01 2008-11-05 郭亮 Circulated multi-cage elevator
CN102070058A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-05-25 刘友发 Double-shaft cyclic elevator vehicle
CN204416847U (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-06-24 四川大学 One-way circulation cage lifter

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