CN104657755A - Indoor worker positioning and file managing system and monitoring method thereof - Google Patents

Indoor worker positioning and file managing system and monitoring method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104657755A
CN104657755A CN201410763736.4A CN201410763736A CN104657755A CN 104657755 A CN104657755 A CN 104657755A CN 201410763736 A CN201410763736 A CN 201410763736A CN 104657755 A CN104657755 A CN 104657755A
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file
staff
work
tag
detection
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CN201410763736.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨超
白植湖
倪旭辉
周晓
周汛
吴鹏
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中国科学院自动化研究所北仑科学艺术实验中心
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Priority to CN201410763736.4A priority Critical patent/CN104657755A/en
Publication of CN104657755A publication Critical patent/CN104657755A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an indoor worker positioning and file managing system and a monitoring method thereof. The indoor worker positioning and file managing system comprises terminal equipment and k groups of detection equipment, wherein the terminal equipment is used for monitoring the positions of workers in a building and file picking and placing; the terminal equipment comprises a cloud storage, a server and a plurality of terminal computers, which are electrically connected in sequence; the building comprises m independent spaces which have areas less than A, and k-m detection areas which are located outside the independent spaces and have areas greater than or equal to A; a plurality of file cabinets are arranged in the independent spaces or the detection areas; the detection equipment arranged in each independent space is first detection equipment; the detection equipment in each detection area is second detection equipment. The indoor worker positioning and file managing system has the characteristics of being high in positioning precision, good in positioning instantaneity, high in positioning efficiency, low in cost and correct in authority partition, decreasing the management defects and improving the safety of file management.

Description

室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统及其监控方法 Indoor staff locate and document management systems and monitoring method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及办公管理技术领域,尤其是涉及一种定位精度高、成本低、定位实时性好的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统及其监控方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of office management, particularly to a high A positioning accuracy, low cost, good real-time positioning staff room and positioning the document management system and monitoring method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 室内定位技术正蓬勃发展,但是定位精度、数据应用方面不尽如人意。 [0002] indoor positioning technology is booming, but the positioning accuracy and data applications is not satisfactory. 在多种室内定位技术中,RFID室内定位以低廉价格,较好的准确性得到人们的注意。 In a variety of indoor positioning technologies, RFID indoor location at an affordable price, good accuracy get people's attention.

[0003] 但是现有RFID室内定位技术的定位精度仍不能满足要求,通过半有源标签只能定位一定范围内的人物,并且由于硬件因素,无法在大型室内空间内精准定位。 [0003] but the positioning accuracy of existing RFID indoor positioning technology still can not meet the requirements, can only be positioned within a certain range of characters by semi-active tags, and because of hardware factors, can not be precisely positioned in the large indoor space. 而且,对于有保密需要的公司,工作区域的权限划分不好处理,较为完善的系统成本太高,一般通过进门门卡或刷门牌解决,但是有些时候由于门关闭延时或门忘记关闭等原因,会出现误入或没有门卡的人员随有门卡的人员进入限制区域等人员进入未授权工作区域的情况,漏洞较大。 Moreover, there is need for confidentiality for the company, the division of authority work area hard to deal with, more comprehensive system costs too high, generally resolved through the door or door brush card numbers, but sometimes as the door closed delay or forget to close the door and other reasons , who strayed or no door card will appear with the staff there door card entry personnel entering restricted areas such as unauthorized work area, a large loophole.

[0004] 然后,要实现室内定位功能、工作区域权限划分功能、文件管理功能需要分别架设独立的系统,由于系统之间的不兼容,数据直接无法相互调用,可能会出现系统之间功能重叠现象,造成系统资源的浪费;并且,多个系统之间的"各行其是"给各个系统的架设增加了困难,甚至系统之间可能出现干扰。 [0004] Then, to achieve indoor positioning capabilities, work area division of authority functions, file management functions need to set up an independent system, respectively, due to incompatibilities between systems, data can not directly call each other, there may be overlap in functionality between systems , resulting in waste of system resources; and, between multiple systems, "their own thing" to set up individual systems increase the difficulty, or even possible interference between systems. 同时,多个系统会造成使用逻辑的混乱,增加用户学习成本。 At the same time, the system will result in more logical confusion, increase user learning costs.

[0005] 中国专利授权公开号:CN103634908A,授权公开日2014年3月12日,公开了一种工作人员定位系统,所述系统包括工作人员定位通信基站、工作人员定位便携终端、定位信标和工作人员定位服务器;所述工作人员定位通信基站与所述工作人员定位服务器相互连接通信;所述工作人员定位通信基站与所述工作人员定位便携终端组成无线网格网,所述工作人员定位便携终端通过所述无线网格内的任意一个所述工作人员定位通信基站实现与所述工作人员定位服务器之间的相互通信;所述定位信标根据需要安装于固定位置,所述定位信标具有与其安装位置信息关联的唯一编号,并周期性以无线方式向所述工作人员定位便携终端发送其编号信息;所述工作人员定位便携终端由工作人员携带,所述工作人员定位便携终端实时接收各个所述定位信标发送的编号信息 [0005] Chinese Patent Publication No. Authorization: CN103634908A, authorizing publication date March 12, 2014, discloses a personnel locating system, said communication system comprising a base station positioning staff, the staff locating mobile terminals, and location beacons staff location server; the staff is positioned with the base station is connected to the staff location server communicate with each other; the staff is positioned with the base station of the mobile terminal positioned staff consisting wireless mesh network, said mobile positioning staff by any terminal within the wireless mesh a staff locating the communication base station communicate with each other between the staff and the location server; the required location beacon mounted in a fixed position, having a location beacon its unique number associated with the installation position information, and periodically positioned in a wireless manner to the mobile terminal sends its staff number information; staff positioning said portable terminal carried by the staff, the staff receives the respective locating the mobile terminal in real the location number information of the beacon transmission 处理得到当前位置信息向携带工作人员进行显示并发送给所述工作人员定位服务器。 Processing to obtain the current position display information and sends to the location server carrying the staff personnel. 该发明的不足之处是,功能单一, 不能用于室内定位。 Inadequacies of this invention is, single function, can not be used for indoor positioning.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的发明目的是为了克服现有技术中的不足,提供了定位精度高、成本低、定位实时性好的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统及其监控方法。 [0006] The invention object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, a high positioning accuracy, low cost, good real-time positioning staff room and positioning the document management system and monitoring method.

[0007] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用以下技术方案: [0007] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solution:

[0008] 一种室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统,包括用于对建筑物内的工作人员所处位置及文件取放进行监控的终端设备和k组检测设备;所述终端设备包括依次电连接的云存储器、服务器和若干台终端计算机;所述建筑物包括m个室内面积< A的独立空间和位于各个独立空间之外的km个面积> A的检测区域;独立空间或检测区域内设有若干个文件柜, 设于每个独立空间内的检测设备为第一检测设备,设于每个检测区域内的检测设备为第二检测设备; [0008] A positioning workers inside and file management system, comprising a terminal device and a group of k detecting apparatus for staff in the building and the location of the file to take place monitor; the terminal device is electrically connected in turn comprises cloud storage, computer server and several terminals; said detection region comprises building an indoor area m <a separate space located outside the respective independent two spaces km area> a; a detection space or independently provided in the region number of file cabinets, detecting device provided in each individual space within a first detection device, the detection device is provided in each device detects the second detection region;

[0009] 所述第一检测设备包括RFID读写器、用于激活设于工作人员身上的工作标签的激活器和设于独立空间内壁上的防反射结构; [0009] The first detection device includes an RFID reader is provided for activating the activator body workers work on the tag and the anti-reflection structure is provided on the inner wall of independent space;

[0010] 所述第二检测设备包括若干个用于激活设于工作人员身上的工作标签的激活器、 若干个RFID读写器和若干个参考标签; [0010] The second detection device includes a plurality of activator is provided for activating the staff who work in the tag, a plurality of RFID readers and a plurality of reference tag;

[0011] 各个文件柜上均设有数据处理装置和与数据处理装置电连接的发卡器,文件柜的各个文件上及将要放入文件柜中的各个文件上均设有无源射频标签;RFID读写器和各个数据处理装置上均设有报警器,各个RFID读写器和各个数据处理装置分别通过有线网络或无线网络与云存储器连接。 [0011] each file cabinet have a data processing apparatus and issuing a data processing apparatus connected to the power, each of the file cabinets and the files to be placed on each of the file cabinet are provided with a passive radio frequency tag; read the RFID written on each data processing device and the alarm are provided, each respective RFID reader and a data processing means are connected to a wired network or cloud storage via a wireless network.

[0012] 本发明将建筑物内的室内空间按照面积的大小划分为独立空间和检测区域,例如,9平方米及以下的独立室内空间规划为独立空间;9平方米以上的独立室内空间以及走廊、过道、楼梯以及门厅划分为检测区域,从而使检测设备分布于建筑物的每个角落。 [0012] The present invention according to the indoor space in the building area into separate spaces and the size of the detection region, e.g., nine square meters or less independent and independent interior space planning; 9 square meters or more separate interior and corridors , hallway, stairs and the hall is divided into the detection region, so that the testing equipment located in each corner of the building.

[0013] 室内定位不需要大量读写器,取而代之体积小、重量轻、价格便宜的RFID标签,降低了成本; [0013] indoor positioning does not require a large number of readers, instead of small size, light weight, inexpensive RFID tags, reducing the cost;

[0014] 参考标签的引入,使得待定位的工作标签总处在参考标签的附近,可以近似认为二者受到相同环境因素的干扰,从而使某些可引起识别范围变化的环境因素被抵消,减少环境误差影响;具有更好的灵活性和动态性,在位置感应方面具有更好的精确性和实时性; 激活器激活功能限定了参考标签的数目,减少了冗余计算;参考标签体积小,不会影响室内工作人员的正常活动,容易布设、调整、维修、更换; [0014] incorporated by reference label, the label is to be positioned such that the total work in the vicinity of the reference labels, that can be approximately the same both disturbed by environmental factors, so that certain environmental factors may cause changes in the recognizable range is canceled, reduced environmental error; is more flexible and dynamic, with better accuracy and timeliness in terms of position sensing; activator activation function defining the number of reference tags, reducing redundant calculation; small reference tag volume, It will not affect the normal activities of the workers inside, easy layout, adjustment, repair and replacement;

[0015] 工作人员工作区域权限划分功能基于人员定位系统,较单纯的依据读写器划分区域的方法更精确、更灵活,有效提高监控性能,系统设置调整简捷、方便。 [0015] staff personnel work area dividing function permissions based positioning system, according to a more simple method of regional division reader more accurate, more flexible, improve performance monitoring system setting adjustment simple and convenient. 文件管理与室内定位相结合,当工作人员打开文件柜时,可以通过RFID发卡器记录下该工作人员ID并上传至服务器,方便查询,有效提高文件的管理效率。 Document management and indoor positioning combined, when the staff open the file cabinets, the staff member can record the ID by RFID card dispenser and uploaded to the server, easy access, improve management efficiency file.

[0016] 因此,本发明具有定位精度高、成本低、定位实时性好,定位效率高,权限划分准确,减少了管理漏洞,提高了文件管理的安全性的特点。 [0016] Accordingly, the present invention has a high positioning accuracy, low cost, real-time positioning, high positioning efficiency, the division of authority accurate, reducing the loopholes in management, improve the security features of document management.

[0017] 作为优选,所述防反射结构为涂覆于独立空间的内壁上的防反射涂层或防护布, 所述防护布上涂覆有防反射涂层。 [0017] Advantageously, the anti-reflection structure is coated on the inner wall of the separate space protective cloth or anti-reflective coating, the protective cloth is coated with an antireflection coating. .

[0018] 作为优选,所述参考标签为有源射频标签或半有源标签,工作标签为半有源射频标签;所述数据处理装置包括微处理器、显示屏和存储器;微处理器分别与显示屏、报警器和存储器电连接,微处理器通过有线网络或无线网络与云存储器连接。 [0018] Advantageously, the reference tag is an active radio frequency tag or a semi-active tag, the tag is a semi-active work RF tag; said data processing means includes a microprocessor, a memory and a display screen; respectively microprocessor display, and a memory electrically connected to the alarm, the microprocessor is connected to a wired network or cloud storage via a wireless network.

[0019] 作为优选,所述检测区域包括墙壁和立柱,各个激活器、各个RFID读写器和各个参考标签均间隔分布于墙壁和立柱外壁上,各个激活器构成的具有有效激活强度的信号覆盖整个检测区域;各个RFID读写器构成的RFID信号覆盖整个检测区域。 [0019] Advantageously, the detection region comprises walls and columns, each of the activation, a respective RFID reader and respective reference labels are spaced uprights to the wall and an outer wall, covered with a valid activation signal intensity of each activator consisting of the entire detection region; RFID signals each RFID reader configured to cover the entire detection region.

[0020] 一种室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,包括工作人员进入独立空间的定位步骤,工作人员进入检测区域的定位步骤和文件取放检测步骤: Monitoring method [0020] A positioning workers inside and file management system, including the staff access space independent positioning step, the positioning step and the staff into the document detection region detecting step to take place:

[0021] (5-1)各个工作标签中均设有对应的用户ID,各个RFID读写器均设有读写器ID、 读写器的位置信息和检测类型,各个激活器中均设有地址码;各个工作标签的用户ID、各个激活器的读写器ID、读写器的位置信息、检测类型和各个RFID读写器的地址码均存储于云存储器中;云存储器中存储有信号强度阈值Z和各个参考标签的位置信息,各个参考标签到能检测出其信号的各个RFID读写器的信号强度; [0021] (5-1) are each provided with respective work labels corresponding user ID, each RFID reader have a type of detection position information and the reader ID, reader, each of the activation vessel has address code; location information of the user ID address code of each work label, each reader's activation ID, reader, detects the respective type of RFID reader, and are stored in the memory in the cloud; cloud the signal stored in the memory Z position information and the respective intensity threshold reference labels, each label to detect the reference RFID reader which respective signal strength signal;

[0022] (5-2)工作人员进入独立空间的定位步骤: [0022] (5-2) the step of positioning separate staff access space:

[0023] (5-2-1)检测 [0023] (5-2-1) Detection

[0024] 当任一工作人员Q携带工作标签p进入任一独立空间H时,设于独立空间H中的激活器B激活工作标签p,工作标签p正常工作并记录下激活器B的地址码; [0024] When any of the staff Q carry work labels p enter any one independent space H, provided on the activation of B is inactive operating tab p independently space H, work labels p work and recorded under the address code activated B is ;

[0025] 设于独立空间H中的RFID读写器C检测工作标签p的信号强度信息,读取工作标签的用户ID与激活器B的地址码,并将检测、读取的信息与RFID读写器C的信息通过网络传至云存储器; [0025] provided in the RFID reader tag detecting operation C p signal strength information in a separate space H, a tag read operation and the user ID address code B is activated, and detection of the RFID reader to read information writing information C is transmitted through the network cloud storage;

[0026] (5-2-2)定位判断 [0026] (5-2-2) positioned Analyzing

[0027] 云存储器每隔时间T更新一次数据,当服务器读取了RFID读写器C传输过来的信息后进行如下处理: [0027] The following treatment cloud storage data is updated every time T, when the server reads RFID reader information transmitted by C:

[0028] 当检测类型为独立空间并且信号强度信息> Z时,服务器做出工作人员Q位于激活器B的地址码所指示位置的判断,并将工作人员Q所在的位置信息存储到云存储器中; [0028] When the detection space as a separate type and the signal strength information> Z, Q staff to make the server located at the address code of activator determines the position B indicated, and stores the location information of the staff to the cloud where Q memory ;

[0029] 各个终端计算机读取更新的工作人员Q位置信息并在终端计算机上进行图形化显示; [0029] each terminal computer reads the updated location information of the staff and Q graphically displayed on a computer terminal;

[0030] (5-3)工作人员进入检测区域的定位步骤 [0030] (5-3) the step of positioning the staff enters the detection region

[0031] (5-3-1)检测 [0031] (5-3-1) Detection

[0032] 当任一个工作人员Q携带工作标签p进入任一个检测区域Y时,设于检测区域Y 中的任一个激活器激活工作标签,工作标签正常工作并记录下激活器的地址码; [0032] When any one of the staff member carrying the work label Q p into the detection region either Y, Y in the detection area provided in any of a tag activation activation work, work and work label recorded under the address code of the activator;

[0033] 能够检测到工作标签p的信号的每个RFID读写器均检测工作标签p的信号强度信息,读取激活器的地址码,并将检测、读取的信息与RFID读写器的信息通过网络传至云存储器; [0033] Each RFID tag reader signal p of the work can be detected detection signal intensity average p work label information, the read address codes activator, and detecting the information read by the reader and the RFID transmitted information through the network cloud storage;

[0034] (5-3-2)定位计算 [0034] (5-3-2) positioning calculation

[0035] 当服务器读取了RFID读写器C的新信息,得知检测类型为检测区域时,进行如下数据处理: [0035] When new information server reads the RFID reader C, that is the type of detecting the detection region, the following processing data:

[0036] 设定工作标签p的信号强度矢量为S= S .5:…S,,_,其中SiS RFID读写器i检测的工作标签P的信号强度,其中ie (1,n),n为检测区域中能够检测到工作标签P的信号的RFID读写器数量; [0036] The set signal strength vector is work label p S = S .5: ... S ,, _, wherein the signal strength of the working SiS RFID reader detects a tag P i, where ie (1, n), n the detection region capable of detecting the number of RFID tag reader signal P of the work;

[0037] 设定检测区域中每个参考标签的信号强度矢量均为在,歹=丨A , 6»,…, 其中J为能够检测到工作标签P的RFID读写器i所检测到的参考标签的信号强度; [0037] The detection area setting signal intensity vector at each reference label are, Shu bad = A, 6 », ..., where J is able to detect the reference RFID tag reader work P i of the detected tag signal strength;

[0038] 服务器利用公式 [0038] Server using formula

Figure CN104657755AD00081

,m)计算工作标签p与参考标签rj 信号强度的距离Ep其中,q为检测区域中的任一个参考标签,m为设于检测区域中的参考标签数量; , M) is calculated with reference to the working distance of the tag label p rj wherein signal intensity Ep, q is any detection area a reference tag, m is the number of the reference tag provided in the detection region;

[0039] 设定由Ej组成的向量五=I , ··_ £^丨表征参考标签和工作标签之间位置关系,则服务器将&值最小的参考标签所在的位置作为携带工作标签p的工作人员Q所在的位置,并将工作人员Q所在的位置信息存储到云存储器中; [0039] The vector set of five Ej = I composition, ·· _ £ ^ Shu characterizing the positional relationship between the reference tags and labels work, the server & smallest value of the position where the reference label as the label carrying the work work p position Q where personnel, staff and the location information stored in the cloud where Q memory;

[0040] 各个终端计算机读取更新的工作人员Q位置信息并在终端计算机上进行图形化显示; [0040] each terminal computer reads the updated location information of the staff and Q graphically displayed on a computer terminal;

[0041] (5-4)文件取放检测步骤 [0041] (5-4) the step of detecting the file to take place

[0042] 具有文件管理权限的工作人员R的工作标签G中还设有文件取出权限、进入区域权限,设于存放有文件柜的检测区域或独立空间的读写器L还设有允许进入区域权限,云存储器中存储有与工作标签G的用户ID相对应的进入区域权限;数据处理装置中设有与文件柜相对应的允许存放类型数据; [0042] G staff work label R has the file management rights further provided with a file permissions removed, enters the area permissions, file cabinet is provided storing a detection region or the reader L is also a separate space to allow entry region permissions, cloud the user ID stored in the memory work G corresponding tag entry region authority; data processing apparatus is provided in a file cabinet to allow storage of the corresponding data types;

[0043] (5-4-1)检测 [0043] (5-4-1) Detection

[0044] 利用步骤(5-2)或(5-3)确定工作人员R所处的位置,RFID读写器L读取工作标签G的进入区域权限并传输到云存储器中; [0044] using a step (5-2) or (5-3) determining the position R in which the staff into the RFID reader zone privileges L G tag read operation and transmitted to the cloud memory;

[0045] (5-4-2)取放文件操作 [0045] (5-4-2) file operations to take place

[0046] (5-4-2-1)服务器比较工作标签G的进入区域权限、云存储器中存储的进入区域权限与RFID读写器L的允许进入区域权限;当三者不一致时,RFID读写器L的报警器报警; 否则,转入步骤(5-4-2-2)或(5-4-2-3); [0046] permission to enter the region (5-4-2-1) comparing the server work label G and L in cloud storage area to allow access permissions stored into the RFID reader zone privileges; when three inconsistent, read RFID L is written alarm alarm; otherwise, proceeds to step (5-4-2-2) and (5-4-2-3);

[0047] (5-4-2-2) [0047] (5-4-2-2)

[0048] 需要放文件时,工作人员R使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取文件的无源射频标签的信息,无源射频标签信息中包含文件的物品类型数据和文件的ID ; [0048] When the need to put the file, the staff card dispenser R to close the file, reads the file ID information issuing a passive RFID tag, a passive radio frequency tag article information type data contained in files and files;

[0049] 数据处理装置收到无源射频标签的信息后,数据处理装置将文件的物品类型数据与文件柜的允许存放类型数据进行比较; After [0049] The data processing apparatus to receive information passive RFID tag, the data processing apparatus of item type data files stored in a file cabinet to allow the type of data are compared;

[0050] 当二者不一致时,数据处理装置上的报警器发出报警声音; [0050] When the two do not coincide, the alarm on the alarm sound data processing apparatus;

[0051] 当二者一致时,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R将文件放入文件柜中,同时数据处理装置存储文件的ID,并将文件的ID、已经存放及存放时间信息传输至云存储器; [0051] When they coincide, the file cabinet door is opened, the R staff file into the cabinet, while the ID data processing means for storing a file, the file ID, the time information has been stored and transmitted to the storage cloud storage;

[0052] (5-4-2-3) [0052] (5-4-2-3)

[0053] 需要取出文件时,工作人员R使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取工作标签的文件取出权限,服务器比较工作标签G的文件取出权限与数据处理装置中存储的文件取出权限; [0053] When the file needs to be removed, the staff card dispenser R to close the file, the tag issuing a file read operation is removed permissions, the file server compares G withdrawn work label file permissions stored in the data processing apparatus is taken out authority;

[0054] 当二者不一致时,文件柜的柜门保持关闭状态,设于数据处理装置的报警器发出提示音,数据处理装置将工作标签的用户ID、"错误记录"与发卡器读取工作标签G的时间信息存储后上传至云存储器; [0054] When the two do not coincide, the file cabinet door remains closed, the alarm is provided a data processing apparatus tone sounds, the data processing device transmits the user ID tag work, "Error Log" read card issuing work after the time information stored in the tag memory G uploaded to the cloud;

[0055] 当二者一致时,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R取出文件,数据处理装置将工作标签G的用户ID、"成功取出文件记录"与发卡器读取工作标签G的时间信息存储后上传至云存储器。 [0055] When they coincide, the file cabinet door is open, R staff out files, the data processing device transmits the user ID of the work G tags, "successfully removed documentation" Working time information and the tag reader card dispenser G after uploading to the cloud storage memory.

[0056] 作为优选,步骤(5-2-2)及(5-3-2)中还包括如下内容: [0056] Advantageously, step (5-2-2), and (5-3-2) further comprises the following:

[0057] 当终端计算机的用户需要取得更详细信息时,通过数据传输网络读取RFID读写器C发送至云存储器中的详细信息。 [0057] When more detailed information needs to obtain the user's computer terminal, the RFID reader reads more information C is sent to the cloud storage data transmission network.

[0058] 作为优选,步骤(5-4-2-3)中还包括如下内容: [0058] Advantageously, step (5-4-2-3) further comprises the following:

[0059] 当工作人员R将文件取出后,使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取文件的无源射频标签的信息,数据处理装置将与该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"更新为"已取出",并记录文件取出时间和工作人员R的用户ID,将该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"和文件放入时间传输至云存储器。 [0059] When R staff will remove the file, so that the file close card issuer, issuing information file read passive RFID tag, the data processing means corresponding to the file ID "stored status data" is updated "is removed", and records the user ID extracted file and staff time of R, corresponding to the file ID of "store status data" and the transmission time to the cloud file into memory.

[0060] 作为优选,步骤(5-4-2-2)中还包括如下内容: [0060] Advantageously, step (5-4-2-2) further comprises the following:

[0061] 当工作人员R将文件放入文件柜后,数据处理装置将与该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"更新为"已放入",并记录文件放入时间和工作人员R的用户ID,将该文件的ID 相对应的"存放状态数据"和文件放入时间传输至云存储器。 [0061] When R staff file into the file cabinet, with the data processing apparatus ID of the file corresponding to the "data storage state" to "has been placed", and record the file in time and staff R ID, user ID, the file corresponding to the "data storage state" and the transfer time to the cloud file into memory.

[0062] 作为优选,步骤(5-3-1)还包括如下内容:当工作人员Q从一个激活器E走动到另一个激活器F的激活信号范围时,激活器E的激活信号减弱,激活器F的激活信号增强,工作标签P接收到激活器F的激活信号,重新工作并记录下激活器F的地址码。 [0062] Advantageously, step (5-3-1) further comprises the following: When a staff activator from Q to E move a further activation signal range activator F and E is the activation signal activates weakened, activation activation signal F is enhanced work labels P receives the activation signal to activate the device F, and re-working recording address code F of the activator.

[0063] 因此,本发明具有如下有益效果: [0063] Accordingly, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0064] (1)定位精度高、定位实时性好,定位效率高,成本低; [0064] (1) positioning accuracy, good real-time positioning, positioning of high efficiency and low cost;

[0065] (2)权限划分准确,减少了管理漏洞,提高了文件管理的安全性。 [0065] (2) the division of authority accurate, reducing the loopholes in management, improve the security of document management.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0066] 图1是本发明的一种原理框图; [0066] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention;

[0067] 图2是本发明的实施例的一种流程图; [0067] FIG 2 is a flowchart of an embodiment of the present invention;

[0068] 图3是检测区域的一种结构示意图; [0068] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the detection region;

[0069] 图4是检测区域的另一种结构示意图。 [0069] FIG. 4 is another schematic structural diagram of the detection region.

[0070] 图中:终端设备1、墙壁2、云存储器3、服务器4、终端计算机5、检测区域6、文件柜7、第一检测设备8、第二检测设备9、RFID读写器10、工作标签11、激活器12、参考标签13、 数据处理装置14、发卡器15、无源射频标签16、报警器17、柱子18、RFID读写器信号19、激活器信号20。 [0070] FIG: the terminal apparatus 1, walls 2, 3 cloud storage server 4, the terminal computer 5, the detection region 6, file cabinets 7, a first detection device 8, a second detection device 9, RFID reader 10, working tag 11, actuators 12, reference tag 13, the data processing means 14, card 15, a passive radio-frequency tag 16, alarm 17, column 18, RFID reader signal 19, signal 20 activates.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0071] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明做进一步的描述。 [0071] The present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0072] 如图1所不的实施例是一种室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统,包括用于对建筑物内的工作人员所处位置及文件取放进行监控的终端设备1和2组检测设备;终端设备包括依次电连接的云存储器3、服务器4和3台终端计算机5 ;建筑物包括1个室内面积< 9 平方米的独立空间和位于各个独立空间之外的1个面积> 9平方米的检测区域6 ;检测区域内设有3个文件柜7,设于每个独立空间内的检测设备为第一检测设备8,设于每个检测区域内的检测设备为第二检测设备9 ; [0072] Example 1 is not shown in FIG staff is an indoor location and file management system, comprising a staff in the building and the location of the file to take place and monitoring terminal device 2 detects a group equipment; cloud terminal device comprises a memory 3 are sequentially electrically connected, the server computer 4, and 5 of terminal 3; building comprises an indoor area <9 m2 independent space located outside the respective independent spaces an area of> 9 square 6 meters detection region; detection region has 3 filing cabinets 7, the detection device is provided independently in each space 8 a first detection device, the detection device is provided in each device detects the second detection region 9 ;

[0073] 第一检测设备包括RFID读写器10、用于激活设于工作人员身上的工作标签11的激活器12和设于独立空间内壁上的防反射结构; The activator [0073] The first detection device includes an RFID reader 10, provided for activating the staff who work in the tag 11 and the anti-reflection structure 12 is provided on the inner wall of the separate space;

[0074] 各个文件柜上均设有数据处理装置14和与数据处理装置电连接的发卡器15,文件柜的各个文件上及将要放入文件柜中的各个文件上均设有无源射频标签16 ;RFID读写器和各个数据处理装置上均设有报警器17,各个RFID读写器和各个数据处理装置分别通过无线网络与云存储器连接。 [0074] each file cabinet 14 has a data processing apparatus and a data processing device 15 is electrically connected to the card issuer, the individual file cabinets and to be placed on each file cabinet are provided with a passive radio-frequency tag 16 ; RFID reader and the data processing apparatus are each provided with alarm 17, the individual RFID readers and each data processing device are connected to the memory via the wireless network cloud.

[0075] 如图3、图4所示,监测区域包括墙壁2和柱子18,各个激活器、各个RFID读写器和各个参考标签均间隔分布于墙壁和立柱外壁上,各个激活器构成的具有有效激活强度的信号覆盖整个检测区域;各个RFID读写器构成的RFID信号覆盖整个检测区域;激活器信号20的范围小于RFID读写器信号19的范围。 [0075] As shown in FIG 3, as shown in FIG. 4 comprises a monitoring region 2 and the column wall 18, each of the activation device, each RFID reader and respective reference labels are spaced uprights to the wall and an outer wall, with each of the activation constituted active activation signal intensity cover the entire detection region; RFID signals each RFID reader configured to cover the entire detection region; range activation signal 20 is smaller than the signal range of the RFID reader 19.

[0076] 第二检测设备包括22个用于激活设于工作人员身上的工作标签的激活器12、6个RFID读写器10和56个参考标签13 ; [0076] The second detection device includes activator 22 is provided for activating the staff who work 12,6 tag and a RFID reader 10 56 13 reference tags;

[0077] 防反射结构为涂覆于独立空间的内壁上的防反射涂层。 [0077] The anti-reflection structure is coated with an antireflection coating on the inner wall of the separate space. 参考标签为有源射频标签,工作标签为半有源射频标签;数据处理装置包括微处理器、显示屏和存储器;微处理器分别与显示屏、报警器和存储器电连接,微处理器通过无线网络与云存储器连接。 Reference tag is an active radio frequency tag, the tag is a semi-active work RF tag; data processing means includes a microprocessor, a memory and a display screen; screen are connected to a microprocessor, and a memory circuit alarm, the radio microprocessor a memory coupled to the network cloud.

[0078] 如图2所示,一种室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,包括工作人员进入独立空间的定位步骤,工作人员进入检测区域的定位步骤和文件取放检测步骤: [0078] 2, the method of monitoring staff room and the positioning of document management systems, including the step of positioning separate staff access space, the staff enters the detection area of ​​the positioning step and the document detecting step to take place:

[0079] 各个工作标签中均设有对应的用户ID,各个RFID读写器均设有读写器ID、读写器的位置信息和检测类型,各个激活器中均设有地址码;各个工作标签的用户ID、各个激活器的读写器ID、读写器的位置信息、检测类型和各个RFID读写器的地址码均存储于云存储器中;云存储器中存储有信号强度阈值Z和各个参考标签的位置信息,各个参考标签到能检测出其信号的各个RFID读写器的信号强度; [0079] respective work labels are each provided with a corresponding user ID, each RFID reader have a type of detection position information and the reader ID, reader, each of the activation vessel has address code; each work a user ID tag, to activate the respective address code reader's ID, the position information reader, detects the respective type of RFID reader, and are stored in the memory in the cloud; cloud memory contains a signal strength threshold and each Z the position information of the reference tag, the respective reference tag can detect its respective RFID reader signal strength signal;

[0080] 步骤100,工作人员进入独立空间的定位步骤: [0080] Step 100, the staff enters the space independent positioning step:

[0081] 步骤110,检测 [0081] Step 110, detecting

[0082] 当任一工作人员Q携带工作标签p进入任一独立空间H时,设于独立空间H中的激活器B激活工作标签p,工作标签p正常工作并记录下激活器B的地址码; [0082] When any of the staff Q carry work labels p enter any one independent space H, provided on the activation of B is inactive operating tab p independently space H, work labels p work and recorded under the address code activated B is ;

[0083] 设于独立空间H中的RFID读写器C检测工作标签p的信号强度信息,读取工作标签的用户ID与激活器B的地址码,并将检测、读取的信息与RFID读写器C的信息通过网络传至云存储器; [0083] provided in the RFID reader tag detecting operation C p signal strength information in a separate space H, a tag read operation and the user ID address code B is activated, and detection of the RFID reader to read information writing information C is transmitted through the network cloud storage;

[0084] 步骤120,定位判断 [0084] Step 120, the positioning is determined

[0085] 云存储器每隔时间1分钟更新一次数据,当服务器读取了RFID读写器C传输过来的信息后进行如下处理: [0085] The memory every time one minute cloud updated data, the server when the RFID reader reads information transmitted by C treated as follows:

[0086] 当检测类型为独立空间并且信号强度信息> Z时,服务器做出工作人员Q位于激活器B的地址码所指示位置的判断,并将工作人员Q所在的位置信息存储到云存储器中; [0086] When the detection space as a separate type and the signal strength information> Z, Q staff to make the server located at the address code of activator determines the position B indicated, and stores the location information of the staff to the cloud where Q memory ;

[0087] 各个终端计算机读取更新的工作人员Q位置信息并在终端计算机上进行图形化显示; [0087] each terminal computer reads the updated location information of the staff and Q graphically displayed on a computer terminal;

[0088] 当终端计算机的用户需要取得更详细信息时,通过数据传输网络读取RFID读写器C发送至云存储器中的详细信息。 [0088] When more detailed information needs to obtain the user's computer terminal, the RFID reader reads more information C is sent to the cloud storage data transmission network.

[0089] 步骤200,工作人员进入检测区域的定位步骤 [0089] Step 200, the staff enters the detection area of ​​the positioning step

[0090] 步骤210,检测 [0090] Step 210, detecting

[0091] 当任一个工作人员Q携带工作标签p进入任一个检测区域Y时,设于检测区域Y 中的任一个激活器激活工作标签,工作标签正常工作并记录下激活器的地址码; [0091] When any one of the staff member carrying the work label Q p into the detection region either Y, Y in the detection area provided in any of a tag activation activation work, work and work label recorded under the address code of the activator;

[0092] 当工作人员Q从一个激活器E走动到另一个激活器F的激活信号范围时,激活器E 的激活信号减弱,激活器F的激活信号增强,工作标签p接收到激活器F的激活信号,重新工作并记录下激活器F的地址码。 [0092] When the staff Q E move from one activator to another range activation signal F is activated, the activation signal activates E is reduced, activation of an activation signal F is enhanced, p work labels receiving the activation of an F activation signal, and re-working recording address code F of the activator.

[0093] 能够检测到工作标签p的信号的每个RFID读写器均检测工作标签p的信号强度信息,读取激活器的地址码,并将检测、读取的信息与RFID读写器的信息通过网络传至云存储器; [0093] Each RFID tag reader signal p of the work can be detected detection signal intensity average p work label information, the read address codes activator, and detecting the information read by the reader and the RFID transmitted information through the network cloud storage;

[0094] 步骤220,定位计算 [0094] Step 220, the positioning calculation

[0095] 当服务器读取了RFID读写器C的新信息,得知检测类型为检测区域时,进行如下数据处理: [0095] When new information server reads the RFID reader C, that is the type of detecting the detection region, the following processing data:

[0096] 设定工作标签p的信号强度矢量为亏二S . V…,其中SiS RFID读写器i检测的工作标签P的信号强度,其中ie (1,n),n为检测区域中能够检测到工作标签P的信号的RFID读写器数量; [0096] Signal intensity vector p is set to work label loss two S. V ..., where the signal intensity work SiS RFID reader detects a tag P i, where ie (1, n), n is the detection area can be the number of detected signal P is working tag RFID reader;

[0097] 设定检测区域中每个参考标签的信号强度矢量均为歹,歹=i 6» . 6»:…, 其中歹为能够检测到工作标签P的RFID读写器i所检测到的参考标签的信号强度; [0097] The detection area setting signal strength vectors for each reference label are bad, bad = i 6 »6»:. ..., which is capable of detecting the bad working RFID reader tag P i detected reference signal strength tags;

[0098] 服务器利用公另 [0098] Another known use of server

Figure CN104657755AD00121

J' e (丨,w)计算工作标签p与参考标签rj 信号强度的距离Ep其中,q为检测区域中的任一个参考标签,m为设于检测区域中的参考标签数量; J 'e (Shu, w) is calculated with the reference p work label tag signal strength distance rj wherein Ep, q is any detection area a reference tag, m is the number of the reference tag provided in the detection region;

[0099] 设定由Ej组成的向量互二丨五i ···表征参考标签和工作标签之间位置关系,则服务器将&值最小的参考标签所在的位置作为携带工作标签p的工作人员Q所在的位置,并将工作人员Q所在的位置信息存储到云存储器中; [0099] vector set composed of Ej two Shu five mutual positional relationship between i ··· characterization work tag and reference tag, the server & smallest value of the position where the reference tag carried by a person working as a work label Q p the location, the position information and the staff where Q stored in a memory in the cloud;

[0100] 各个终端计算机读取更新的工作人员Q位置信息并在终端计算机上进行图形化显示; [0100] each terminal computer reads the updated location information of the staff and Q graphically displayed on a computer terminal;

[0101] 当终端计算机的用户需要取得更详细信息时,通过数据传输网络读取RFID读写器C发送至云存储器中的详细信息。 [0101] When more detailed information needs to obtain the user's computer terminal, the RFID reader reads more information C is sent to the cloud storage data transmission network.

[0102] 步骤300,文件取放检测步骤 [0102] Step 300, the document detecting step to take place

[0103] 具有文件管理权限的工作人员R的工作标签G中还设有文件取出权限(03)、进入区域权限(A),设于存放有文件柜的检测区域的读写器L还设有允许进入区域权限(A,B, 0,云存储器中存储有与工作标签G的用户ID相对应的进入区域权限(A);数据处理装置中设有与文件柜相对应的允许存放类型数据(001、002、003); [0103] File management staff with work rights label R G taken further provided with a file permissions (03), enters the permission region (A), provided in the reader L storing file cabinet detection region is further provided allowing access permission zone (a, B, 0, cloud work memory stores the user ID tag G corresponding to the permission entry zone (a); a data processing apparatus is provided in a file cabinet to allow storage of corresponding data types ( 001,002,003);

[0104] 步骤310,检测 [0104] Step 310, detecting

[0105] 利用步骤200确定工作人员R所处的位置,RFID读写器L读取工作标签G的进入区域权限(A)并传输到云存储器中; [0105] Step 200 is determined using the position R in which the staff into L zone privileges RFID reader tag read operation G (A) of the memory and transmitted to the cloud;

[0106] 步骤320,取放文件操作 [0106] Step 320, the file operation to take place

[0107] 步骤321,服务器比较工作标签G的进入区域权限(A)、云存储器中存储的进入区域权限(A)与RFID读写器L的允许进入区域权限(A,B,C);当工作标签G的进入区域权限和云存储器中存储的进入区域权限相同并且在允许进入区域权限范围内,则判断三者一致, [0107] Step 321, into the work area authority server compares the tag G (A), into the cloud zone privileges stored in the memory (A) and the RFID reader L is allowed to enter the permission region (A, B, C); when entry region G and the permission tag cloud work memory into the storage area of ​​the same rights and permissions to allow the entry zone, this is determined three consistency,

[0108] 不一致时,RFID读写器L的报警器报警; [0108] inconsistent, RFID reader L warning alarm;

[0109] 本实施例中,工作标签G的进入区域权限为A,云存储器中存储的进入区域权限为A,允许进入区域权限为A,B,C ;三者一致,需要取出文件转入步骤323,需要放文件转入步骤322 ; [0109] In this embodiment, permission to enter the working area of ​​the label G to A, cloud enter the area authority is stored in the memory A, to allow access permission region A, B, C; same three, need to remove the file proceeds to step 323, you need to put the document proceeds to step 322;

[0110] 步骤322, [0110] Step 322,

[0111] 需要放文件时,工作人员R使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取文件的无源射频标签的信息,无源射频标签信息中包含文件的物品类型数据和文件的ID ; [0111] When the need to put the file, the staff card dispenser R to close the file, reads the file ID information issuing a passive RFID tag, a passive radio frequency tag article information type data contained in files and files;

[0112] 数据处理装置收到无源射频标签的信息后,数据处理装置将文件的物品类型数据与文件柜的允许存放类型数据进行比较; After [0112] The data processing apparatus to receive information passive RFID tag, the data processing apparatus of item type data files stored in a file cabinet to allow the type of data are compared;

[0113] 当二者不一致时,数据处理装置上的报警器发出报警声音; [0113] When the two do not coincide, the alarm on the alarm sound data processing apparatus;

[0114] 当二者一致时,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R将文件放入文件柜中,同时数据处理装置存储文件的ID,并将文件的ID、已经存放及存放时间信息传输至云存储器; [0114] When they coincide, the file cabinet door is opened, the R staff file into the cabinet, while the ID data processing means for storing a file, the file ID, the time information has been stored and transmitted to the storage cloud storage;

[0115] 本实施例中,文件的物品类型数据为001,允许存放类型数据为001,002,003 ;二者一致,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R将文件放入文件柜中,同时数据处理装置存储文件的ID,并将文件的ID、已经存放及存放时间信息传输至云存储器。 [0115] In this embodiment, the article of the type of data file 001, allowing for the storage of data types 001,002,003; they coincide, the file cabinet door is opened, the R staff file into the cabinet, while the data processing device ID ID storage file, and the file, the time information has been stored and transmitted to the cloud storage memory.

[0116] 当工作人员R将文件放入文件柜后,数据处理装置将与该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"更新为"已放入",并记录文件放入时间和工作人员R的用户ID,将该文件的ID 相对应的"存放状态数据"和文件放入时间传输至云存储器。 [0116] When R staff file into the file cabinet, with the data processing apparatus ID of the file corresponding to the "data storage state" to "has been placed", and record the file in time and staff R ID, user ID, the file corresponding to the "data storage state" and the transfer time to the cloud file into memory.

[0117] 步骤323, [0117] Step 323,

[0118] 需要取出文件时,工作人员R使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取工作标签的文件取出权限,服务器比较工作标签G的文件取出权限与数据处理装置中存储的文件取出权限; [0118] When the file needs to be removed, the staff card dispenser R to close the file, the tag issuing a file read operation is removed permissions, the file server compares G withdrawn work label file permissions stored in the data processing apparatus is taken out authority;

[0119] 当二者不一致时,文件柜的柜门保持关闭状态,设于数据处理装置的报警器发出提示音,数据处理装置将工作标签的用户ID、"错误记录"与发卡器读取工作标签G的时间信息存储后上传至云存储器; [0119] When the two do not coincide, the file cabinet door remains closed, the alarm is provided a data processing apparatus tone sounds, the data processing device transmits the user ID tag work, "Error Log" read card issuing work after the time information stored in the tag memory G uploaded to the cloud;

[0120] 当二者一致时,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R取出文件,数据处理装置将工作标签G的用户ID、"成功取出文件记录"与发卡器读取工作标签G的时间信息存储后上传至云存储器。 [0120] When they coincide, the file cabinet door is open, R staff out files, the data processing device transmits the user ID of the work G tags, "successfully removed documentation" Working time information and the tag reader card dispenser G after uploading to the cloud storage memory.

[0121] 当工作人员R将文件取出后,使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取文件的无源射频标签的信息,数据处理装置将与该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"更新为"已取出",并记录文件取出时间和工作人员R的用户ID,将该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"和文件放入时间传输至云存储器。 [0121] When R staff will remove the file, so that the file close card issuer, issuing information file read passive RFID tag, the data processing means corresponding to the file ID "stored status data" is updated "is removed", and records the user ID extracted file and staff time of R, corresponding to the file ID of "store status data" and the transmission time to the cloud file into memory.

[0122] 应理解,本实施例仅用于说明本发明而不用于限制本发明的范围。 [0122] It should be understood, the present embodiment of the present invention is illustrative only and not intended to limit the scope of the invention. 此外应理解,在阅读了本发明讲授的内容之后,本领域技术工作人员可以对本发明作各种改动或修改,这些等价形式同样落于本申请所附权利要求书所限定的范围。 Furthermore, it should be understood that, after reading the teachings of the present invention, the technical staff in the art that various changes or modifications may be made to the present invention, and these equivalents also fall within the scope of the appended claims of the present application as defined.

Claims (9)

1. 一种室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统,其特征是,包括用于对建筑物内的工作人员所处位置及文件取放进行监控的终端设备(1)和k组检测设备;所述终端设备包括依次电连接的云存储器(3)、服务器(4)和若干台终端计算机(5);所述建筑物包括m个室内面积< A的独立空间和位于各个独立空间之外的km个面积彡A的检测区域(6);独立空间或检测区域内设有若干个文件柜(7),设于每个独立空间内的检测设备为第一检测设备(8), 设于每个检测区域内的检测设备为第二检测设备(9); 所述第一检测设备包括RFID读写器(10)、用于激活设于工作人员身上的工作标签(11)的激活器(12)和设于独立空间内壁上的防反射结构; 所述第二检测设备包括若干个用于激活设于工作人员身上的工作标签的激活器(12)、 若干个RFID读写器(10)和若干个参考标签(13); 各个文件柜 An indoor positioning staff and file management system, characterized by comprising means for staff in the building and the location of the file to take place for monitoring terminal device (1), and k sets of detecting device; and the km of said building comprises an indoor area m <a separate space and located outside the respective independent spaces; cloud terminal apparatus comprising a memory (3), the server (4) and a plurality of terminal computers (5) are sequentially electrically connected a detection area of ​​San (6); discrete spaces or detection zones equipped with a plurality of file cabinet (7), the detection device is provided in each separate space for a first detection device (8), provided in each of the detection region detection apparatus in the second detection device (9); the first detecting device comprises a RFID reader (10), provided for activating the staff who work tag (11) of the activator (12) and anti-reflection structure is provided on an inner wall of independent space; the second detection device comprises a plurality of activation is provided for activating the staff who work in the tag (12), a plurality of RFID reader (10) and a plurality of reference tag (13); each file cabinet 均设有数据处理装置(14)和与数据处理装置电连接的发卡器(15),文件柜的各个文件上及将要放入文件柜中的各个文件上均设有无源射频标签(16) ;RFID读写器和各个数据处理装置上均设有报警器(17),各个RFID读写器和各个数据处理装置分别通过有线网络或无线网络与云存储器连接。 Are equipped with data processing means (14) and a data processing device issuing an electrical device (15) connected, on each file cabinets and to be placed on each file cabinet are provided with a passive radio frequency tag (16) ; RFID reader and the data processing apparatus are each provided with an alarm device (17), each respective RFID reader and a data processing apparatus, respectively wired or wireless network connection with the cloud storage.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统,其特征是,所述防反射结构为涂覆于独立空间的内壁上的防反射涂层或防护布,所述防护布上涂覆有防反射涂层。 The staff room and the positioning of the file management system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said anti-reflection structure is coated with an antireflection coating or a protective cloth on the inner wall of the separate space, the upper protective cloth coated with an anti-reflection coating.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统,其特征是,所述参考标签为有源射频标签或半有源标签,工作标签为半有源射频标签;所述数据处理装置包括微处理器、显示屏和存储器;微处理器分别与显示屏、报警器和存储器电连接,微处理器通过有线网络或无线网络与云存储器连接。 The staff room and the positioning of the file management system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said reference tag is an active radio frequency tag or a semi-active tag, the tag is a semi-active work RF tag; said data processing means includes a microprocessor, a memory and a display screen; screen are connected to a microprocessor, and a memory electrically alarm, the microprocessor through a wired or wireless network with the cloud storage.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统,其特征是,所述检测区域包括墙壁和立柱,各个激活器、各个RFID读写器和各个参考标签均间隔分布于墙壁和立柱外壁上,各个激活器构成的具有有效激活强度的信号覆盖整个检测区域;各个RFID读写器构成的RFID信号覆盖整个检测区域。 The staff room and the positioning of the file management system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said detection region comprises walls and columns, each of the activation, a respective RFID reader and respective reference labels are distributed to the wall and spaced an outer wall of the pillar, the signal intensity of each activated with a valid activation constituted to cover the entire detection region; RFID signals each RFID reader configured to cover the entire detection region.
5. -种适用于权利要求1所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,其特征是,包括工作人员进入独立空间的定位步骤,工作人员进入检测区域的定位步骤和文件取放检测步骤: (5-1)各个工作标签中均设有对应的用户ID,各个RFID读写器均设有读写器ID、读写器的位置信息和检测类型,各个激活器中均设有地址码;各个工作标签的用户ID、各个激活器的读写器ID、读写器的位置信息、检测类型和各个RFID读写器的地址码均存储于云存储器中;云存储器中存储有信号强度阈值Z和各个参考标签的位置信息,各个参考标签到能检测出其信号的各个RFID读写器的信号强度; (5-2)工作人员进入独立空间的定位步骤: (5-2-1)检测当任一工作人员Q携带工作标签P进入任一独立空间H时,设于独立空间H中的激活器B激活工作标签p,工作标签p正常工作并记录下激活器B 5. - workers inside and positioning monitoring method according to a file management system applied to seed as claimed in claim, characterized in that the positioning step comprises staff access independent space, the staff enters the detection area of ​​the positioning step and the file to take place detection steps of: (5-1) are each provided with respective work labels corresponding user ID, each RFID reader have a type of detection position information and the reader ID, reader, each of the activation vessel has address code; location information of the user ID address code of each work label, each reader's activation ID, reader, detects the respective type of RFID reader, and are stored in the memory in the cloud; cloud the signal stored in the memory Z position information and the respective intensity threshold reference labels, each label to the reference intensity signal can be detected in its respective RFID reader signal; positioning step (5-2) into the separate space staff: (5-2-1 ) detecting when any of Q staff member carrying a work label P enters any independent space H, B is provided to the active tag inactive operating independently space H p, p work labels work and recorded activator B 地址码; 设于独立空间H中的RFID读写器C检测工作标签p的信号强度信息,读取工作标签的用户ID与激活器B的地址码,并将检测、读取的信息与RFID读写器C的信息通过网络传至云存储器; (5-2-2)定位判断云存储器每隔时间T更新一次数据,当服务器读取了RFID读写器C传输过来的信息后进行如下处理: 当检测类型为独立空间并且信号强度信息> Z时,服务器做出工作人员Q位于激活器B的地址码所指示位置的判断,并将工作人员Q所在的位置信息存储到云存储器中; 各个终端计算机读取更新的工作人员Q位置信息并在终端计算机上进行图形化显示; (5-3)工作人员进入检测区域的定位步骤(5-3-1)检测当任一个工作人员Q携带工作标签P进入任一个检测区域Y时,设于检测区域Y中的任一个激活器激活工作标签,工作标签正常工作并记录下激活器的地址码; 能够检测到工 RFID read information provided on the signal strength information independent space H RFID reader tag C p detecting operation, the read operation of the tag ID address code with user B is activated, and the detection, the read; address code writing information C is transmitted via a network cloud storage; (5-2-2) determining positioning cloud storage data updated every time T, when the server reads the RFID reader are transmitted by the following C treatment information: when the detection is independent of the type and spatial signal strength information> Z, Q staff to make the server located at the address code of activator determines the position B indicated, and stores the location information of the staff to the cloud where Q memory; each terminal reads the updated location information of the staff Q computer and displayed graphically on a computer terminal; (5-3) into the staff positioning step (5-3-1) when any of the detection region detected a staff work label carry Q when either one of P enters the detection area Y, Y in the detection area is provided to any one activator activating work labels, tags are working and working recording address code of the activator; workers can be detected 标签P的信号的每个RFID读写器均检测工作标签p的信号强度信息, 读取激活器的地址码,并将检测、读取的信息与RFID读写器的信息通过网络传至云存储器; (5_3_2)定位计算当服务器读取了RFID读写器C的新信息,得知检测类型为检测区域时,进行如下数据处理: 设定工作标签P的信号强度矢量为及,*? = ( A, A…,其中SiS RFID读写器i 检测的工作标签P的信号强度,其中ie (1,η),η为检测区域中能够检测到工作标签p的信号的RFID读写器数量; 设定检测区域中每个参考标签的信号强度矢量均为在,~=(0P A ,其中f为能够检测到工作标签P的RFID读写器i所检测到的参考标签的信号强度; 服务器利用公式A : - 乂1 ' jed,m)计算工作标签P与参考标签言号强度的距离Ep其中,为检测区域中的任一个参考标签,m为设于检测区域中的参考标签数量; 设定由Ej组成的向量互=丨£ . P work label signal strength information for each of the P tag RFID reader signals are detected, the address of the read activation code, and the detection information with information read by the RFID reader is transmitted to the network cloud storage ; (5_3_2) positioning calculation when the new server reads the information of the RFID reader-writer C, the type of detection is that the detection area, the following processing data:? set signal strength vector P is working and the label, * = ( a, a ..., in which the signal intensity work SiS RFID reader detects a tag P i, where ie (1, η), η is the number of RFID reader detection area can be detected signals of p work label; provided a given signal strength vector detection area are in each reference label, ~ = (0P a, where f is the tag can be detected with reference to the work of the RFID reader tag P i of the detected signal strength; server using the formula a: - qe 1 'jed, m) where Ep is calculated from the reference P and a work label number label statement intensity, the detection region is any of a reference tag, m is the number of the reference tag provided on the detection area; set by Ej vector consisting of mutual £ = Shu. …· 表征参考标签和工作标签之间位置关系,则服务器将&值最小的参考标签所在的位置作为携带工作标签p的工作人员Q所在的位置,并将工作人员Q所在的位置信息存储到云存储器中; 各个终端计算机读取更新的工作人员Q位置信息并在终端计算机上进行图形化显示; (5-4)文件取放检测步骤具有文件管理权限的工作人员R的工作标签G中还设有文件取出权限、进入区域权限, 设于存放有文件柜的检测区域或独立空间的读写器L还设有允许进入区域权限,云存储器中存储有与工作标签G的用户ID相对应的进入区域权限;数据处理装置中设有与文件柜相对应的允许存放类型数据; (5-4-1)检测利用步骤(5-2)或(5-3)确定工作人员R所处的位置,RFID读写器L读取工作标签G 的进入区域权限并传输到云存储器中; (5-4-2)取放文件操作(5-4-2-1)服务器比较工作标签G的进入区域 Characterization ... · positional relationship between the reference tags and labels work, the server & smallest value of the reference position where a label carrying the staff work label where p, Q, and stores the location information of the staff to the cloud where Q a memory; each terminal computer reads the updated location information of the staff and Q graphically displayed on a computer terminal; work labels G (5-4) handling a document detecting step includes a file management rights of staff further provided R has the file permissions removed, enters the area permissions, file cabinet is provided storing a detection region or the reader L is also a separate space allowing access permission region, the memory is stored with a cloud work labels G corresponding to the user ID into the permission region; data processing apparatus is provided in a file cabinet to allow storage of the type corresponding to the data; (5-4-1) detecting the position of the staff is determined by R which step (5-2) or (5-3), permission entry region L G tag read operation of the RFID reader and transmitted to the cloud memory; (5-4-2) file operations to take place into the region (5-4-2-1) server compares the work label G 权限、云存储器中存储的进入区域权限与RFID读写器L的允许进入区域权限;当三者不一致时,RFID读写器L的报警器报警;否贝IJ,转入步骤(5-4-2-2)或(5-4-2-3); (5-4-2-2) 需要放文件时,工作人员R使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取文件的无源射频标签的信息,无源射频标签信息中包含文件的物品类型数据和文件的ID ; 数据处理装置收到无源射频标签的信息后,数据处理装置将文件的物品类型数据与文件柜的允许存放类型数据进行比较; 当二者不一致时,数据处理装置上的报警器发出报警声音; 当二者一致时,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R将文件放入文件柜中,同时数据处理装置存储文件的ID,并将文件的ID、已经存放及存放时间信息传输至云存储器; (5-4-2-3) 需要取出文件时,工作人员R使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取工作标签的文件取出权限,服务器比 Permission, permission to enter the area of ​​the RFID reader cloud stored in the memory region L of permissions allow access; when three inconsistent, the RFID reader L alarm alarm; No shell IJ, proceeds to step (5-4- 2-2) or (5-4-2-3); (5-4-2-2) when the need to put the file, the staff card dispenser R to close the file, reads the file information issuing passive RFID tag , the data item type ID and the file information includes a passive RF tag file; data processing apparatus to receive information after passive RFID tag, the data processing apparatus type data items in a file cabinet to allow storage of the file types of data comparing ; when the two do not coincide, the alarm on the alarm sound data processing apparatus; and when they coincide, the file cabinet door is opened, the R staff file into the cabinet, while the ID file stored in the data processing apparatus , the file ID, the time information has been stored and transmitted to the cloud storage memory; (5-4-2-3) is necessary to remove the file, the staff card dispenser R to close the file, reads work label issuing documents removed permissions, server ratio 工作标签G的文件取出权限与数据处理装置中存储的文件取出权限; 当二者不一致时,文件柜的柜门保持关闭状态,设于数据处理装置的报警器发出提示音,数据处理装置将工作标签的用户ID、"错误记录"与发卡器读取工作标签G的时间信息存储后上传至云存储器; 当二者一致时,文件柜的柜门打开,工作人员R取出文件,数据处理装置将工作标签G 的用户ID、"成功取出文件记录"与发卡器读取工作标签G的时间信息存储后上传至云存储器。 Extracting document G work label file permissions stored in the data processing apparatus is taken out authority; when the two do not coincide, the file cabinet door remains closed, the alarm is provided a data processing apparatus tone sounds, the data processing apparatus work a user ID tag, "error Log" read card issuing work label G stores time information uploaded to the cloud storage; when they coincide, the file cabinet door is open, R staff out files, the data processing apparatus after the user ID of the work G tags, "successfully removed file record" time and issuing read tag information stored in the work memory G uploaded to the cloud.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,其特征是, 步骤(5-2-2)及(5-3-2)中还包括如下内容: 当终端计算机的用户需要取得更详细信息时,通过数据传输网络读取RFID读写器C发送至云存储器中的详细信息。 The indoor positioning and staff monitoring method according to file management system of claim, wherein the step (5-2-2) and (5-3-2) further comprises the following: When the terminal computer when the user needs to acquire more detailed information, the RFID reader reads more information C is sent to the cloud storage data transmission network.
7. 根据权利要求5所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,其特征是, 步骤(5-4-2-3)中还包括如下内容: 当工作人员R将文件取出后,使文件靠近发卡器,发卡器读取文件的无源射频标签的信息,数据处理装置将与该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"更新为"已取出",并记录文件取出时间和工作人员R的用户ID,将该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"和文件放入时间传输至云存储器。 The indoor positioning and staff monitoring method according to the file management system as claimed in claim, wherein step (5-4-2-3) further comprises the following: When R staff after removing the document, close to the card issuer so that the file, reads the file information issuing passive RFID tag, the data processing means corresponding to the file ID "stored status data" is updated to "has been removed", and the time and work taken log file R person user ID, ID of the file corresponding to the "data storage state" and the transfer time to the cloud file into memory.
8. 根据权利要求5所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,其特征是, 步骤(5-4-2-2)中还包括如下内容: 当工作人员R将文件放入文件柜后,数据处理装置将与该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"更新为"已放入",并记录文件放入时间和工作人员R的用户ID,将该文件的ID相对应的"存放状态数据"和文件放入时间传输至云存储器。 8. The indoor positioning and staff monitoring method according to the file management system as claimed in claim, wherein step (5-4-2-2) further comprises the following: When R staff would file into the after the cabinet, the data processing means corresponding to the file ID "stored status data" is updated to "already put", and records the file into the user ID and staff time of R, the file ID of the corresponding "store status data" and the transmission time to the cloud file into memory.
9. 根据权利要求5或6或7或8所述的室内工作人员定位和文件管理系统的监控方法,其特征是,步骤(5-3-1)还包括如下内容:当工作人员Q从一个激活器E走动到另一个激活器F的激活信号范围时,激活器E的激活信号减弱,激活器F的激活信号增强,工作标签P接收到激活器F的激活信号,重新工作并记录下激活器F的地址码。 9. The indoor personnel location monitoring method and the file management system 5, or 6 or 7 or 8 working claim, wherein the step (5-3-1) further comprises the following: when a staff member from a Q E is activated to move the activation signal range of another activator of F, attenuated activation signal E is activated, the activation signal activates F is enhanced, work labels P receives an activation signal activates the feeder F, to work again and record an activated F is the address code.
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