CN104653419A - Closed Brayton tower solar thermal power generation method and system - Google Patents

Closed Brayton tower solar thermal power generation method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104653419A
CN104653419A CN201510067888.5A CN201510067888A CN104653419A CN 104653419 A CN104653419 A CN 104653419A CN 201510067888 A CN201510067888 A CN 201510067888A CN 104653419 A CN104653419 A CN 104653419A
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steam
heat
water
temperature
turbine
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王海波
魏然
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NANJING REKELAIMU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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NANJING REKELAIMU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D15/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of engines with devices driven thereby
    • F01D15/10Adaptations for driving, or combinations with, electric generators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/06Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays
    • F03G6/064Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays having a gas turbine cycle, i.e. compressor and gas turbine combination
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/06Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays
    • F03G6/065Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays having a Rankine cycle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines

Abstract

The invention relates to a closed Brayton tower solar thermal power generation method and system. The method reserves the advantages of liquid pressurization and closed Brayton cycle of a supercritical carbon dioxide tower solar thermal power generation system, eliminates the disadvantages of excessively high system pressure and excessively low critical temperature, uses extracted steam from a turbine of a Rankine cycle of steam at a high-pressure end as a heat source of a steam generator in a tower solar thermal power generation system and water vapor as a heat absorbing working medium of a volumetric receiver in the tower solar thermal power generation system, greatly reduces power consumption in working medium pressurization in a Brayton cycle during solar thermal power generation by using the uncompressible fluid property and very good heat transfer performance of liquid water, and uses a bottom Rankine cycle for absorbing heat released by the closed Brayton cycle, thereby forming an extraction-type steam Rankine-closed Brayton-Rankine combined cycle solar thermal power generation system which has the advantages of higher efficiency and better economic performance.

Description

Enclosed Boulez pauses type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tower type solar and focus on thermal power generation method and system, be specifically related to a kind of enclosed Boulez and pause type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method and system.
Background technique
Along with renewable energy utilization is global flourish, solar energy heat build-up generating (CSP) and photovoltaic solar generate electricity (PV) obtain and develop faster.Utilize solar energy power generating, the shorter light of wavelength can only be made to be utilized, the longer light of wavelength is wasted completely, and the temperature of battery is raised, cause the decrease in efficiency of battery, and utilize solar light-heat power-generation, can make full use of the sunlight of whole wavelength, thus solar energy heat build-up generating (CSP) is progressively by people are familiar with, are studied and are paid attention to.Solar energy heat build-up generating (CSP) is compared photovoltaic solar generating (PV) and is had the outstanding features such as scale is large, concentration degree is high, efficiency is high, but the common issue faced how to reduce cost of investment and how to improve generating efficiency and then reduce cost of electricity-generating, especially reduces cost of investment and improve the focus that generating efficiency just becomes two kinds of solar energy generation technology competitions.
Solar energy heat build-up generating (CSP) mainly contains slot type, dish-style and the hot power generation mode such as tower, wherein groove type solar heat build-up generating (CSP) realizes commercialization, and U.S. SEGS power station and Spain AndaSol power station have had the experience of commercialized running; This technology mainly adopts conduction oil to be heat-transfer working medium, generates electricity through conduction oil heat exchange rear driving conventional steam turbine drive electrical generators group.Because current conduction oil operating temperature must control at about 400 DEG C, exceed this temperature and will cause the problems such as conduction oil cracking, viscosity raising and heat transfer efficiency reduction, because which limit operating temperature and the generating efficiency of groove type solar heat build-up generating.
Dish solar thermal power system, based on single rotational paraboloid mirror, forms complete optically focused, thermal-arrest and a generator unit.Adopt double-axis tracking device, its focusing ratio is generally between 1000 ~ 3000.Heat sink solar radiation also converts thereof into heat energy, heats heat absorption working medium, drives heat engine (as gas turbine, Stirling engine or other type turbine etc.), realizes photoelectric conversion.The power of current single dish-style system mostly is 5 ~ 50kW, and peak electrical generation efficiency can reach 29%, and in the various modes of solar energy thermal-power-generating, it is most effective.Dish solar thermal power system is mainly used in distributing power system, although multiple dish-style device can be formed a larger power generation system, they remain mini-system in principle, is not easy to maximize; Also be not suitable for the dynamic power machine of Dish solar thermal power system at present, its application receives certain restriction simultaneously.Dish solar thermal power system is other modes relatively, and have the advantages such as modular flexible deployment ability, higher focusing ratio and generating total efficiency, when its shortcoming is maximization heat build-up generating, cost is more much higher than the tower-type solar thermal power generating system with scale.
Tower-type solar thermal power generating system, also claims concentrated solar heat power generation system.The citation form of solar energy tower type thermal generation system is the heliostat group utilizing the independently tracked sun, by solar ray collecting on the receiver being fixed on top of tower, in order to produce high temperature, heating working medium produces superheated vapor or high-temperature gas, driving steam turbine generator set or Gas Turbine Generating Units generating, thus solar energy is converted to electric energy.The huge heliostat field be made up of many heliostats, its area is very large, and focusing ratio is very high, and a receiver can collect the radiation power of 100MW, and running temperature can reach 1000 ~ 1500 DEG C.Hot fluid in order to absorb solar thermal energy has water, fused salt, air etc. usually.Corresponding different hot fluids, the type of tower type solar receiver is also different:
(1) hot fluid is the system of water (water vapour)
Using water (water vapour) as the tower-type solar thermal power generating system of hot fluid, directly utilize the steam generating equipment of the similar station boiler of solar energy heating focused on.In such a system, feedwater is once after the preheating of tower type solar receiver, evaporation, the heat exchanger surface such as overheated, and become the acting working medium of Rankine cycle steam turbine, drive electrical generators generates electricity; After the steam discharge of steam turbine is sent to and condenses into water in vapour condenser, be again sent in receiver by feed water pump.For ensureing the stability of producing steam, steam regenerative system being usually set, sun-drenched time, unnecessary steam heat being stored in heat-accumulator tank, thus ensure the stable of system operational parameters.Due to transient characteristic and the skewness of incident solar radiation, the heat absorption tube be arranged in receiver often leaks.
The tower type solar cogeneration power plant of the current employing live steam mode of production mainly comprises the Eurelios power station of Italian 0.75MW, the CESA-1 power station of Spain 1.2MW, the Solar One power station of U.S. 10MW, the PS10 power station etc. of Spain 11MW.
(2) hot fluid is the system of fused salt
In order to avoid the receiver of the tower type solar power generation system of the live steam mode of production leaks, simultaneously in order to obtain higher operating temperature, fused salt can be adopted as the heat recipient fluid in receiver.Fused salt is used to have the MSEE power station of the U.S. and Solar Two power station, Hispanic Solar TRES power station etc. as the tower type solar power station of hot fluid.Solar Two is a practicability project in order to advance tower type solar power generation system commercialized development, for promoting that significant contribution has been made in the development of tower/fused salt solar energy thermal-power-generating technology.
But fused salt also exists certain shortcoming, namely have pyrolysis and etching problem, associated materials must be high temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant, makes system cost increase, reliability reduction; Fused salt also has low temperature freezing problem, must be incubated relevant device, preheating and companion heat etc., the energy consumption of system is increased.The fused salt research of novel crystallization point below 100 DEG C merits attention, as the fused salt of crystallization point below 100 DEG C is being studied in U.S. Sang Diya laboratory, if successfully will be hopeful to replace conduction oil.
(3) hot fluid is the system of air
Tower type solar power generation system using air as heat-absorbing medium, can reach higher operating temperature.Receiver adopts cavity type receiver usually.Tower type solar power generation system using air as heat-absorbing medium can adopt following two kinds of working methods.
Working method is that the hot air produced in receiver is applied to a Rankine cycle heat and power system, as shown in Figure 2.Within the system, receiver ambient air and absorb the solar radiation from solar energy mirror field from the return air of gas fan in Receiver, heat recovery steam production system (Heat Recovery Steam Generating is sent to by the hot air after heating, HRSG), the steam produced in HRSG is sent in steam turbine and does work, and drive electrical generators generates electricity.After hot air transfers heat to working medium in HRSG, become Cryogenic air, be then again sent in the receiver of tower top by gas fan.The shortcoming of this system adopts low-pressure air as heat-absorbing medium, adsorber bulky, and the vapor (steam) temperature of steam Rankine cycle generator set is limited by resistant to elevated temperatures material, at present for the vapor (steam) temperature of steam Rankine cycle also not more than 625 DEG C.Its flow process as shown in Figure 2
Another kind of working method the hot air produced in receiver is applied to Boulez pauses-Rankine association circulating power generation system.Directly high-pressure air can be heated to 1000 DEG C with the propelling gas turbine engine that gets on, the gas after propelling gas turbine engine still has higher temperature, then generates water vapour by heat exchanger heats water, and water vapour removes pushing turbine again, effectively utilizes heat.Also the high-pressure air after the heating of cavity type receiver directly can be sent into firing chamber, enter gas turbine power generation further after heating, the exhaust of gas turbine enters bottom Rankine cycle and generates electricity.
Europe and Israel comparatively pay close attention to as the heat transfer technology of tower type solar power generation system of heat-absorbing medium and the research of heat storage technology employing air, and carried out some famous research projects, as Phoebus-TSA, SOLAIR and DIAPR etc., achieve certain achievement in research.The Germany J ü lich power station of putting into operation in 2009 is a verification experimental verification power station, be also in the world first adopt air as the tower type solar power generation system of heat transfer medium.The operating diagram in power station as shown in Figure 3.
Development zone, Nanjing of China Jiangning and Israel's R & D Cooperation build up domestic seat of honour 70kw tower type solar energy thermal power generation demonstration project, successfully generate electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems in by the end of October, 2005 in, this is China first the tower type solar energy thermal power generation station adopting brayton cycle principle to set up.This power station makes heat-transfer working medium by solar energy cavity type receiver with air, be aided with rock gas and small size gas turbine takes the lead in achieving the thermal electric generator utilizing solar energy and brayton cycle combine with technique, the tower height of its tower system is 33 meters, 32 specular cross sections are adopted to be the heliostat of 19.6 ㎡, the export temperature of receiver is 900 DEG C, inlet pressure is 0.4MPa, and test peak conversion efficiency is 85%, and gas turbine thermoelectrical efficiency is 28.5%.But because cavity-type solar receiver entrance is too little, it is not ideal that intake temperature is difficult to the supporting experiment effect that causes with combustion gas.But the high thermoelectrical efficiency of gas turbine merits attention, after obviously solving matching problem, will be the tower-type solar thermal power generating system that there is application prospect pole." Tulip " small-sized tower type solar energy thermal power generation Test item that Israel and Australia implement is actual is the continuation of this technology.At present, the 1MW tower type solar power generation project undertaken by Yanqing County of Beijing county, Chinese Academy of Sciences electrician place just in test.
The integrated power generation system etc. that integrated solar power generation system comprises solar energy assisted coal fired power generation system, integrated solar mixes with photovoltaic generation with underground heat integrated power generation system, solar energy and wind energy integrated system and solar light-heat power-generation with combined cycle generation system of fuel gas-steam, solar energy heat utilization.Solar energy assisted coal fired power generation system be by solar thermal collector and common coal-burning power plant integrated, utilize solar energy heating feed water or in parallel with a certain bringing-up section of boiler come heating steam, to reduce coal consumption during equal number electrical energy production, its advantage is that less investment, accomplish stable power generation are good, shortcoming is the restriction being limited by feedwater or steam heating temperature, still belongs to the low-grade utilization of solar energy.Integrated solar and combined cycle generation system of fuel gas-steam mainly comprise solar energy whole combined cycle system, utilize the integrated system of solar energy preheated air, utilize the integrated system of solar energy reform fuel gas and utilize solar energy to realize the integrated system of gasification.Chinese patent 201120430468.6 solar energy and the complementary stored-energy thermal power generation device of wind energy complementary stored-energy thermal power generation device, 201120430469.0 solar energy and gasification of biomass etc. provide multiple integrated solar power generation system.
Cheng's cycle (Cheng Cycle), also known as double-work medium gas turbine cycle or shunted combined cycle, is proposed in 1974 by the large doctor chief of a tribe of Chinese American's journey.The thermodynamic system of Cheng's cycle as shown in Figure 4, in figure: C-gas compressor, B-firing chamber, T-combustion gas turbine, HRSG-exhaust heat boiler.The performance of this circulation both with by the waste heat boiler type combined cycle that simple gas turbine circulates and simple steam turbine is stacked had very big difference, and also circulate with regenerative-type gas turbine very big difference.Compared with adopting the gas turbine cycle of air backheating, the maximum feature of this circulation weakens the restriction to gas turbine pressure ratio.The exhaust heat adopting the gas turbine of air backheating is reclaimed by the air compressed through gas compressor, and the temperature of blower outlet air must lower than the temperature of turbine exhaust.Which limits the raising of gas turbine pressure ratio.And in Cheng's cycle, the exhaust heat of gas turbine adopts the very low water of temperature to reclaim, there is no such restriction at all.This feature makes gas turbine can adopt higher pressure ratio, and can reach higher efficiency.Simultaneously, because liquid water is that a kind of specific heat is large, incompressible fluid, so the part or all of steam injection gas-turbine combustion chamber that liquid water vaporization is produced, can under the prerequisite of many consumption minute quantity compression works, increase substantially flow and the power of gas turbine, thus make gas turbine obtain larger ratio merit.In addition, because steam injection firing chamber is conducive to reducing flame temperature, so nitrogen oxide emission is low; Heat-transfer coefficient again due to the flue gas containing water vapour is high, so the good effect of heat exchange of its exhaust heat boiler, efficiency are high.LM2500-PH STIG type Cheng's cycle unit with industrial group peculiar to vessel for GE, its important technological parameters: prime power 28060kw, power supply efficiency 41.02%, pressure ratio 20.2, air mass flow 75.75kg/s, turbine inlet temperature is 807.2 DEG C, injects steam 22680kg/h.The steam injected and the mass ratio of air are: 22680/(75.75*3600)=8.32%, the steam rates obviously mixed is not low.It should be noted that the thermal insulating material of firing chamber still can safe operation when having the steam of high-load in flue gas.
The major defect of Cheng's cycle enters air containing a large amount of water vapour in flue gas, need a large amount of moisturizing, this not only needs huge water-treating equipment, and waste water resource, in general, the water usage more than waste heat boiler type combined cycle about 38% of double-work medium gas turbine cycle, steam injection water is approximately 0.2 ~ 0.4kg/(kWh).Because this unit has the occasion of its particularly suitable, so external by its commercialization, and define series product.
Japan Y.Mori teaches the HAT(Humid Air Turbine of nineteen eighty-three proposition) circulation, i.e. HAT cycle.This circulation and regenerative-type gas turbine circulate very similar, and difference is, HAT adds a feed water preheater after circulating in regenerator, and between gas compressor and regenerator, add one to water evaporimeter.Preheater utilizes the very low feedwater of temperature to absorb the heat of the flue gas of regenerator discharge, reduces temperature of exhaust fume, reduces heat release loss.Vaporizer utilizes to evaporation of water to absorb the heat of high-pressure air, to reduce air temperature, strengthens backheat effect.In this process, there is certain feedwater to become steam, and participate in circulation together with air.The size of confluent is subject to a definite limitation, maximumly can only reach the degree making high-pressure air become saturated moist air.Working medium due to this circulation is wet air, so be called as HAT cycle.Inherently see, HAT circulation is also the gas turbine cycle of a kind of double-work medium, parallel connection type, and have some advantages that Cheng's cycle has, shortcoming is also waste water resource.
" gas turbine and combustion gas-Steam Combined Cycle device " book (ISBN978-7-5083-5400-2, China Electric Power Publishing House, Beijing, 2007, the first volume, P53) a kind of closed-cycle turbine utilizing nuclear energy is described, adopt helium as cycle fluid, both as the freezing mixture of reactor, again as the working medium of gas turbine, in view of gas-cooled reactor can reach the high temperature of more than 700 DEG C, make the efficiency that circulation can reach higher.Compared with open cycle, working medium circulation and the surrounding atmosphere of closed cycle have nothing to do, and the Minimum operating pressure thus circulated can higher or lower than atmospheric pressure.In order to reduce the size of turbomachinery flow passage component, often minimum pressure is hanked higher than atmospheric pressure, such as get 0.4 ~ 0.6MPa, the stress level of visible working medium work is more much higher than open cycle, make much little than open cycle of the size of its gas compressor and turbine, the working pressure of circulation is selected high, the size mentioning huge gas boiler can also be reduced, to reduce the size of whole unit.When unit works under variable working condition in addition, can adopt the way of the mass flow rate changing working medium, make unit efficiency steady with the change of power drop, namely under sub load, unit efficiency is substantially constant within the scope of very large changed power.Tsing-Hua University of China has this kind of closed-cycle turbine to be applied to the report of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor.
Chinese patent 201020168753.7,201210237402.6,201320792430.2,201310178790.8,201420007400.0 etc. discloses and adopts the enclosed Boulez of gas boosting mode to pause the circulatory system.
US Patent No. 7685820 " supercritical carbon dioxide concentrating solar power generation system device " details by fused salt heat exchanging and adopts supercritical carbon dioxide gas to construct as the device of power working medium, this patent is, on traditional solar molten salt heat storage and exchange basis, hot for Lang Ken cyclic steam generation technology is simply replaced with overcritical brayton cycle dynamic power, and the Chinese patent families of this patent is 200710306179.3.But it also has certain shortcoming: because the critical temperature of carbon dioxide is lower, critical pressure is higher, be respectively 31.05 DEG C, 7.53MPa, guarantee to adopt fluid pressurization mode to cycle fluid, Boulez pause circulation outlet pressure to control at 1146psi(and 7.9MPa) left and right, therefore supercritical carbon dioxide concentrating solar power generation system device must adopt higher operating pressure, lower condensing temperature, and it is high that system bears pressure.
Chinese patent 201010277740.1 discloses a kind of supercritical carbon dioxide solar heat power generation system with accumulation of heat, this patent recommends to adopt carbon dioxide booster pump that liquid carbon dioxide is pressurized at least 100bar, Boulez pauses the outlet pressure at least 80bar of carbon dioxide expanded machine in circulation, carbon dioxide condensing is liquid carbon dioxide by the condenser paused in circulation by enclosed Boulez, and the carbon dioxide condensing temperature of recommendation is≤26.85 DEG C.Obviously, when Summer Indoor temperature is higher, the operating conditions of condenser will be very harsh.
Said system have employed Boulez and to pause hot generation technology, its the most outstanding advantage is that system conversion efficiency of thermoelectric is high, main employing air, air and water vapour, helium, carbon dioxide gas are power working medium, and provide high temperature heat to run by fuel oil, combustion gas, nuclear energy, solar energy.Clearly, Boulez pauses hot generation technology not only in fuel gas generation, nuclear power field, and also will have good application prospect in solar energy thermal-power-generating field.But; for gas turbine; the wasted work of gas compressor can account for about 1/2 ~ 2/3 (" gas turbine Wet Compression performance and water droplet motion study " of combustion engine turbine expansion work usually; Harbin Engineering University; thesis for the doctorate, Sun Lanxin, in May, 2012); therefore how to reduce the power consumption of gas compressor, this be open type or enclosed Boulez pause the circulatory system be worth study direction.
The DSG technology that current international solar energy heat build-up generating (CSP) field employing water directly does heat-transfer working medium has been tested for many years, the subject matter existed due to this technology is that pressure is difficult to control, and water transmits in heat collecting pipe and all there is a lot of difficulty in vaporization etc., therefore this technology be generally expected still rests on experimental stage.But as long as this problem is solved, so DSG technology is exactly minimum, the most effective solar energy thermal-power-generating technology of cost.
What be worth special concern is tower type solar power generation system using air as heat-absorbing medium, and this system adopts air as heat carrying agent.Although the heat-conductive characteristic of air is bad, its operating temperature range is large, simple to operate, avirulent, can not only be connected with steam-powered steam turbine, and can also directly utilize high temperature air to drive gas turbine, efficiency is higher; In this scheme, the light focused on is projected onto a kind of gas permeable material (such as a kind of wire braid), air is passed through from this by the material that heats, because the surface of contact of air and this thermal-arrest material is very large, therefore heat transfer is very fast, efficiency is very high, and can the high temperature of air heating to more than 700 DEG C.Obviously, as adopted water vapour to substitute air, passing through from the gas permeable material being focused light heating, the high temperature of more than 700 DEG C can be elevated to equally, Direct driver gas turbine power generation.
Tower-type solar thermal power generating system, because its light concentrating times is high, concentration of energy process simple, thermal transition efficiency advantages of higher, compared to other heat accumulation type solar heat power generation systems, is easier to realize powerful generating.
Therefore above-mentioned prior art Problems existing how is solved, give full play to the advantage that tower type solar focusing ratio is high, temperature is high, select suitable tower type solar heat absorption working medium, expand the advantage of Cheng's cycle and HAT circulation, overcome Boulez to pause the too high shortcoming of recycle gas compression power consumption, set up the higher enclosed Boulez of efficiency to pause circulating generation pattern, become the difficult point of this area research.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is for solving prior art Problems existing, a kind of enclosed Boulez is provided to pause type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method and system, water is selected to absorb heat working medium as tower type solar, utilize the characteristic of liquid water incompressible fluid, significantly reduce the supercharging power consumption of heat absorption working medium, expand the advantage of Cheng's cycle and HAT circulation, reach the object of power generation mode of setting up that efficiency is higher, the better enclosed Boulez of Economy pauses.
The object of the invention is to be realized by following measures:
A kind of enclosed Boulez pauses type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method and system, it is characterized in that:
A kind of enclosed Boulez pauses type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method, the method adopt water as enclosed Boulez pause circulation working medium, steam generator is sent into after feed water pump supercharging, what utilize high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle mesohigh steam turbine draws gas as the thermal source of steam generator, heating water produces overheated or saturated vapour, send into the cavity type receiver endothermic heat of tower-type solar thermal power generating system again, produce the water vapour of high temperature, drive aqueous vapor turbine to drag the generating of aqueous vapor turbine generator, thus incite somebody to action thus solar energy be converted to electric energy; The steam that aqueous vapor turbine is discharged, is condensed into water of condensation through condenser/evaporator, then sends into steam generator after feed water pump supercharging, the circulation loop thus formation enclosed Boulez pauses;
The heat that condenser/evaporator discharges, for the working medium of heated base Rankine cycle, produce overheated or saturated bottom Kanicme cycle vapor, driving steam turbine drags steam turbine generator generating, the steam of discharging from steam turbine condenses into liquid bottom Rankine cycle working medium through vapour condenser, after recycle pump supercharging, send into condenser/evaporator again, thus form bottom Rankine cycle process;
Described bottom Rankine cycle working medium adopts water, organic low boiling working fluid, inorganic low boiling working fluid, or the low boiling working fluid of organic and inorganic mixing.
Be provided with two-stage heat-storage subtense angle, described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle comprises high-temperature heat accumulation device, low-temperature heat accumulating device: from tower type solar system cavity type receiver high-temperature vapor out, store through all or part of sensible heat of high-temperature heat accumulation device by high-temperature vapor, the steam transforming stored after sensible heat through high-temperature heat accumulation device is saturated vapour or low overheat steam, flows to low-temperature heat accumulating device; Low-temperature heat accumulating device stores residue sensible heat and the latent heat of steam, and the saturated vapour stored after latent heat through low-temperature heat accumulating device is converted into water of condensation, returns steam generator, then enter the cavity type receiver of tower type solar photothermal deformation system through watering cycle pump.
Described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle is store heat when solar radiation energy is sufficient, when solar radiant energy quantity not sufficient, from enclosed Boulez pause circulation condenser/evaporator water of condensation out, through feed water pump, low-temperature heat accumulating device absorb converting heat be saturated vapour, become overheated water vapour through the further thermal conversion of high-temperature heat accumulation device again, enter aqueous vapor turbine and drive the generating of aqueous vapor turbine generator.
Comprise high-temperature heat accumulation working medium in described high-temperature heat accumulation device, this high-temperature heat accumulation working medium includes but not limited to as fused salt, metal heat-accumulating material or resistant to elevated temperatures concrete heat-accumulating material.
Comprise low-temperature heat accumulating working medium in described low-temperature heat accumulating device, this low-temperature heat accumulating working medium includes but not limited to as conduction oil, high pressure saturation water or phase-change working substance.
Be provided with air or nitrogen sparge tube road: the purge gas that purging motor is sent is after low-temperature heat accumulating device, the heating of high-temperature heat accumulation device, to pause the water vapor of the circulatory system for replacing enclosed Boulez, thus the impact on performances such as the thermal insulating materials that enclosed Boulez pauses in the circulatory system eliminated water vapor condensation and may cause.
As the preferred method of one, the condenser/evaporator that enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation adopts operation under positive pressure mode, thus effectively avoids bleeding of ambient air.
A kind of enclosed Boulez pauses type tower-type solar thermal power generating system, and this system comprises the Rankine cycle of high voltage terminal steam, enclosed Boulez pauses circulation and bottom Rankine cycle, is characterized in that:
Described high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle refers to from high voltage terminal vapour condenser 47 water of condensation out through condensate pump 48, oxygen-eliminating device 49, high pressure water pump 50, boiler 51, produce the superheated vapor of High Temperature High Pressure, enter high-pressure turbine 52 to drag high pressure turbine generator 54 and generate electricity, the exhaust steam of discharging from high-pressure turbine 52 forms water of condensation through high voltage terminal vapour condenser 47 condensation, thus forms high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle circuit;
High-pressure turbine 52 draw gas 53 as the thermal source of steam generator 55, the water that heating enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation produces saturated or superheated vapor 58, and extracted steam from turbine 53 forms high voltage terminal vapour condenser 47 or the oxygen-eliminating device 49 that condensed water 56 returns high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle system;
Described enclosed Boulez pauses to circulate and refers to that liquid water is after feed water pump 64 supercharging, enter the heat that steam generator 55 absorbs extracted steam from turbine 53, produce saturated or overheated steam 58, be sent to tower type solar cavity type receiver 59 again, utilize the solar energy heliostat field 60 of the independently tracked sun, by solar ray collecting on the cavity type receiver 59 being fixed on top of tower, in order to produce high temperature, heating steam 58, the high-temperature vapor 61 produced, drive aqueous vapor turbine 62 to drag aqueous vapor turbine generator 65 to generate electricity, thus solar energy is converted to electric energy; The steam that described aqueous vapor turbine 62 is discharged, is condensed into water of condensation through condenser/evaporator 63; The water of condensation that condenser/evaporator 63 is formed sends into steam generator 55 again after feed water pump 64 supercharging, the circulation loop thus formation enclosed Boulez pauses;
Described bottom Rankine cycle refers to that Rankine cycle working medium in bottom is after recycle pump 66 supercharging, enter the steam heat that condenser/evaporator 63 absorbs aqueous vapor turbine 62 discharge, produce overheated or saturated bottom cycle steam 67, driving steam turbine 68 drags steam turbine generator 70 and generates electricity, the steam of discharging from steam turbine 68 condenses into liquid bottom Rankine cycle working medium through vapour condenser 69, enter recycle pump 66 again, thus form bottom Rankine cycle circuit;
Described bottom Rankine cycle working medium adopts water, organic low boiling working fluid, inorganic low boiling working fluid, or the low boiling working fluid of organic and inorganic mixing;
Described low boiling working fluid refers to the working medium that the boiling point that standard atmosphere is depressed is less than-10 DEG C.
Preferred as one, the operating temperature range of described water vapour 61 is 700 DEG C ~ 1500 DEG C.
Preferred as another kind, the condensation side of described condenser/evaporator 63, the absolute pressure of evaporation side all higher than standard atmospheric pressure, thus effectively avoid bleeding of ambient air.
Preferred as another kind, the pause feedwater of circulation of described enclosed Boulez fills into after desalination, deoxygenation.
Preferred as another kind, the described enclosed Boulez circulatory system of pausing is provided with necessary filter screen facility.
Preferred as another kind, be provided with two-stage heat-storage subtense angle, described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle comprises high-temperature heat accumulation device 71, low-temperature heat accumulating device 72: from tower type solar system cavity type receiver 59 high-temperature vapor 61 out, store through all or part of sensible heat of high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 by high-temperature vapor 61, storing the steam transforming after sensible heat through high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 is saturated vapour or low overheat steam, flows to low-temperature heat accumulating device 72; Low-temperature heat accumulating device 72 stores residue sensible heat and the latent heat of steam, the saturated vapour stored after latent heat through low-temperature heat accumulating device 72 is converted into water of condensation, return steam generator 55 through watering cycle pump 57, then enter the cavity type receiver 59 of tower type solar photothermal deformation system.
Described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle is store heat when solar radiation energy is sufficient, when solar radiant energy quantity not sufficient, from enclosed Boulez pause circulation condenser/evaporator 63 water of condensation out, absorbing converting heat through feed water pump 64, low-temperature heat accumulating device 72 is saturated vapour, become overheated water vapour 61 through the further thermal conversion of high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 again, enter aqueous vapor turbine 62 and drive aqueous vapor turbine generator 65 to generate electricity.
Comprise high-temperature heat accumulation working medium in described high-temperature heat accumulation device 71, this high-temperature heat accumulation working medium includes but not limited to as fused salt, metal heat-accumulating material or resistant to elevated temperatures concrete heat-accumulating material.
Comprise low-temperature heat accumulating working medium in described low-temperature heat accumulating device 72, this low-temperature heat accumulating working medium includes but not limited to as conduction oil, high pressure saturation water or phase-change working substance.
Preferred as another kind, be provided with air or nitrogen sparge tube road: the purge gas 74 that purging motor 74 is sent is after low-temperature heat accumulating device 72, high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 heat, to pause the water vapor of the circulatory system for replacing enclosed Boulez, thus the impact on performances such as the thermal insulating materials that enclosed Boulez pauses in the circulatory system eliminated water vapor condensation and may cause.
Preferred as another kind, the input and output gas pressure ratio scope of the aqueous vapor turbine that enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation is 4 ~ 16, adopt the method for operation of low-voltage high-temperature, compared to supercritical carbon dioxide tower-type solar thermal power generating system, effectively reduce the bearing capacity requirement of system, the pause Security of system and Economy of enclosed Boulez has raising by a relatively large margin.
Unaccounted equipment and standby system thereof in the present invention, pipeline, instrument, valve, the bypass facility etc. that is incubated, has regulatory function adopt known mature technology to carry out supporting.
Be provided with the safety supporting with present system, regulating controller, the Mature Regulation technology in existing solar heat power generation system, steam Rankine cycle power generation system, Cheng's cycle or combined cycle generation system of fuel gas-steam is adopted to carry out supporting, make enclosed Boulez pause circulation solar heat power generation system energy economy, safety, high-efficiency operation, reach energy-saving and cost-reducing object.
the present invention compared to existing technology tool has the following advantages:
1, retain supercritical carbon dioxide tower-type solar thermal power generating system fluid pressurization, enclosed Boulez pause circulation advantage, eliminate its system pressure too high, the shortcoming that critical temperature is too low, what adopt the Rankine cycle of high voltage terminal steam draws gas as the thermal source of steam generator in tower-type solar thermal power generating system, select water vapor as the heat absorption working medium of the cavity type receiver of tower-type solar thermal power generating system, utilize the characteristic of liquid water incompressible fluid, fabulous temperature conductivity characteristic, significantly reduce Boulez pause circulation working medium supercharging power consumption, expanding Cheng's cycle is that the enclosed Boulez of whole water vapour pauses circulation, thus formation efficiency is higher, the better Boulez of Economy pauses circulating generation new mode,
2, the circulation of pausing of enclosed Boulez adopts operation under positive pressure mode, avoid bleeding of surrounding atmosphere, simplify enclosed Boulez pause circulation deoxygenation requirement, utilize supporting bottom Rankine cycle effectively to reclaim enclosed Boulez to pause the latent heat of vaporization of water vapour discharged in circulation simultaneously, eliminate the shortcoming that Cheng's cycle water usage is large;
3, the advantage (ZL200710175970.5 is with the tower-type solar thermal power generating system of two-stage heat-storage) of Engineering Thermophysics research institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences tower type solar energy thermal power generation two-stage heat-storage technology is retained, expand its application area, be applied to the brand-new circulatory system of more than 700 DEG C, eliminate solar radiation instability, affect larger shortcoming by changes of weather and seasonal variations, ensure the stable of system operational parameters;
4, the variable parameter operation regulating power of combined cycle system is strong, when unit works under variable working condition, way or the two-stage heat-storage operation adjusting meaning of the mass flow rate of the extracted steam from turbine changing the Rankine cycle of high voltage terminal steam can be adopted, make unit efficiency steady with the change of power drop, namely under sub load, unit efficiency is substantially constant within the scope of very large changed power;
5, the input and output gas pressure ratio scope of aqueous vapor turbine that enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation is 4 ~ 16, adopt the method for operation of low-voltage high-temperature, the operating temperature of water vapour is 700 DEG C ~ 1500 DEG C, bottom steam Rankine cycle adopts organic rankie cycle or the circulation of card Linne, the advantage that in utilization, low temperature range is much higher compared with water vapor Rankine cycle efficiency, the supporting exclusive purge system that circulates and combination and enclosed Boulez pause, thus guarantee the Security that combined cycle system is run and Economy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that a kind of enclosed Boulez of the present invention pauses type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method and system schematic flow sheet;
In Fig. 1: 47-high voltage terminal vapour condenser, 48-condensate pump, 49-oxygen-eliminating device, 50-high pressure water pump, 51-boiler, 52-high-pressure turbine, 53-extracted steam from turbine, 54-high pressure steam turbine generator, 55-steam generator, 56-condensed water, 57-watering cycle pump, 58-steam, 59-cavity type receiver, 60-solar energy heliostat field, 61-water vapour, 62-aqueous vapor turbine, 63-condenser/evaporator, 64-feed water pump, 65-aqueous vapor turbine generator, 66-recycle pump, 67-bottom cycle steam, 68-steam turbine, 69-vapour condenser, 70-steam turbine generator, 71-high-temperature heat accumulation device, 72-low-temperature heat accumulating device, 73-purging motor, 74-purge gas.
Tower-type solar thermal power generating system working principle (the power generation system employing Rankine cycle) schematic flow sheet of Fig. 2 to be a kind of with air be hot fluid.
Tower-type solar thermal power generating system working principle (the power generation system employing combined cycle) schematic flow sheet of Fig. 3 to be a kind of with air be hot fluid.
Fig. 4 is a kind of Cheng's cycle thermodynamic system schematic flow sheet.
Fig. 5 is a kind of HAT cycling hot Force system schematic flow sheet;
In Fig. 5: 1-low pressure compressor, 2-high-pressure compressor, 3-combustion gas turbine, 4-firing chamber, 5-regenerator, 6-preheater, 7-vaporizer, 8-waterback pump, 9-aftercooler, 10-inter cooler.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of enclosed Boulez of the present invention pauses type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method and system schematic flow sheet.This system comprises the Rankine cycle of high voltage terminal steam, enclosed Boulez pauses circulation and bottom Rankine cycle.
Described high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle refers to from high voltage terminal vapour condenser 47 water of condensation out through condensate pump 48, oxygen-eliminating device 49, high pressure water pump 50, boiler 51, produce the superheated vapor of High Temperature High Pressure, enter high-pressure turbine 52 to drag high pressure turbine generator 54 and generate electricity, the exhaust steam of discharging from high-pressure turbine 52 forms water of condensation through high voltage terminal vapour condenser 47 condensation, thus forms high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle circuit; High-pressure turbine 52 draw gas 53 as the thermal source of steam generator 55, the water that heating enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation produces saturated or superheated vapor 58, and extracted steam from turbine 53 forms high voltage terminal vapour condenser 47 or the oxygen-eliminating device 49 that condensed water 56 returns high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle system;
Described enclosed Boulez pauses to circulate and refers to that liquid water is after feed water pump 64 supercharging, enter the heat that steam generator 55 absorbs the high-temperature flue gas that gas turbine 53 is discharged, produce overheated steam 58, be sent to tower type solar cavity type receiver 59 again, utilize the solar energy heliostat field 60 of the independently tracked sun, by solar ray collecting on the cavity type receiver 59 being fixed on top of tower, in order to produce high temperature, heating steam 58, produce the high-temperature vapor 61 of 800 DEG C, drive aqueous vapor turbine 62 to drag aqueous vapor turbine generator 65 to generate electricity, thus solar energy is converted to electric energy; The steam that described aqueous vapor turbine 62 is discharged, is condensed into water of condensation through condenser/evaporator 63; The absolute pressure of the condensation side of described condenser/evaporator 63 selects 0.4MPa, thus effectively avoids bleeding of ambient air; The water of condensation that condenser/evaporator 63 is formed sends into steam generator 55 again after feed water pump 64 supercharging, the cyclic process thus formation enclosed Boulez pauses;
Described bottom Rankine cycle adopts organic Rankine bottoming cycle, organic working medium is after recycle pump 66 supercharging, enter the steam heat that condenser/evaporator 63 absorbs aqueous vapor turbine 62 discharge, produce overheated bottom cycle steam 67, driving steam turbine 68 drags steam turbine generator 70 and generates electricity, the organic working medium steam of discharging from steam turbine 68 condenses into liquid organic working medium through vapour condenser 69, then enters recycle pump 66, thus forms bottom organic Rankine bottoming cycle process;
Be provided with two-stage heat-storage subtense angle, described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle comprises high-temperature heat accumulation device 71, low-temperature heat accumulating device 72: from tower type solar system cavity type receiver 59 high-temperature vapor 61 out, store through all or part of sensible heat of high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 by high-temperature vapor 61, storing the steam transforming after sensible heat through high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 is saturated vapour or low overheat steam, flows to low-temperature heat accumulating device 72; Low-temperature heat accumulating device 72 stores residue sensible heat and the latent heat of steam, the saturated vapour stored after latent heat through low-temperature heat accumulating device 72 is converted into water of condensation, return steam generator 55 through watering cycle pump 57, then enter the cavity type receiver 59 of tower type solar photothermal deformation system.
Described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle is store heat when solar radiation energy is sufficient, when solar radiant energy quantity not sufficient, from enclosed Boulez pause circulation condenser/evaporator 63 water of condensation out, absorbing converting heat through feed water pump 64, low-temperature heat accumulating device 72 is saturated vapour, become overheated water vapour 61 through the further thermal conversion of high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 again, enter aqueous vapor turbine 62 and drive aqueous vapor turbine generator 65 to generate electricity.
Resistant to elevated temperatures concrete heat-accumulating material selected by described high-temperature heat accumulation device 71.High pressure saturation water selected by described low-temperature heat accumulating device 72.
Be provided with air or nitrogen sparge tube road: the purge gas 74 that purging motor 74 is sent is after low-temperature heat accumulating device 72, high-temperature heat accumulation device 71 heat, to pause the water vapor of the circulatory system for replacing enclosed Boulez, thus the impact on performances such as the thermal insulating materials that enclosed Boulez pauses in the circulatory system eliminated water vapor condensation and may cause.
Unaccounted equipment and standby system thereof in the present invention, pipeline, instrument, valve, the bypass facility etc. that is incubated, has regulatory function adopt known mature technology to carry out supporting.Be provided with the safety supporting with present system, regulating controller, the Mature Regulation technology in existing solar heat power generation system, steam Rankine cycle power generation system, Cheng's cycle or combined cycle generation system of fuel gas-steam is adopted to carry out supporting, make enclosed Boulez pause circulation solar heat power generation system energy economy, safety, high-efficiency operation, reach energy-saving and cost-reducing object.
Although the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above; but they are not for limiting the present invention, being anyly familiar with related domain technical professional, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention; various simple modification, equivalent variations can be made, still belong to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. enclosed Boulez pauses a type tower type solar energy thermal power generation method, it is characterized in that:
The method adopt water as enclosed Boulez pause circulation working medium, steam generator is sent into after feed water pump supercharging, what utilize high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle mesohigh steam turbine draws gas as the thermal source of steam generator, heating water produces overheated or saturated vapour, send into the cavity type receiver endothermic heat of tower-type solar thermal power generating system again, produce the water vapour of high temperature, drive aqueous vapor turbine to drag the generating of aqueous vapor turbine generator, thus solar energy is converted to electric energy; The steam that aqueous vapor turbine is discharged, is condensed into water of condensation through condenser/evaporator, then sends into steam generator after feed water pump supercharging, the circulation loop thus formation enclosed Boulez pauses;
The heat that condenser/evaporator discharges, for the working medium of heated base Rankine cycle, produce overheated or saturated bottom cycle steam, driving steam turbine drags steam turbine generator generating, the steam of discharging from steam turbine condenses into liquid bottom Rankine cycle working medium through vapour condenser, after recycle pump supercharging, send into condenser/evaporator again, thus form bottom Rankine cycle circuit; Described steam generator adopts the pause exhaust of gas turbine or the heat of other manufacturing processs in circulation of open type Boulez as heat source water, to produce saturated or overheated steam;
Described bottom Rankine cycle working medium adopts water, organic low boiling working fluid, inorganic low boiling working fluid, or the low boiling working fluid of organic and inorganic mixing;
Described low boiling working fluid refers to the working medium that the boiling point that standard atmosphere is depressed is less than-10 DEG C.
2. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Be provided with two-stage heat-storage subtense angle, described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle comprises high-temperature heat accumulation device, low-temperature heat accumulating device: from cavity type receiver high-temperature vapor out, store through all or part of sensible heat of high-temperature heat accumulation device by high-temperature vapor, the steam transforming stored after sensible heat through high-temperature heat accumulation device is saturated vapour or low overheat steam, flows to low-temperature heat accumulating device; Low-temperature heat accumulating device stores residue sensible heat and the latent heat of steam, and the saturated vapour stored after latent heat through low-temperature heat accumulating device is converted into water of condensation, returns steam generator, then enter cavity type receiver through watering cycle pump;
Described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle is store heat when solar radiation energy is sufficient, when solar radiant energy quantity not sufficient, from enclosed Boulez pause circulation condenser/evaporator water of condensation out, through feed water pump, low-temperature heat accumulating device absorb converting heat be saturated vapour, become overheated water vapour through the further thermal conversion of high-temperature heat accumulation device again, enter aqueous vapor turbine and drive the generating of aqueous vapor turbine generator;
Comprise high-temperature heat accumulation working medium in described high-temperature heat accumulation device, this high-temperature heat accumulation working medium comprises fused salt, metal heat-accumulating material or resistant to elevated temperatures concrete heat-accumulating material;
Comprise low-temperature heat accumulating working medium in described low-temperature heat accumulating device, this low-temperature heat accumulating working medium comprises conduction oil, high pressure saturation water or phase-change working substance.
3. method according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
Be provided with air or nitrogen sparge tube road: the purge gas that purging motor is sent is after low-temperature heat accumulating device, the heating of high-temperature heat accumulation device, to pause the water vapor of the circulatory system for replacing enclosed Boulez, thus the impact of enclosed Boulez is paused thermal insulating material in the circulatory system or the metallic material performance of eliminating that water vapor condensation causes.
4. method according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
The condensation side of described condenser/evaporator, the absolute pressure of evaporation side all higher than standard atmospheric pressure, thus effectively avoid bleeding of ambient air.
5. enclosed Boulez pauses a type tower-type solar thermal power generating system, and this system comprises enclosed Boulez and to pause circulation and bottom Rankine cycle, it is characterized in that:
Described enclosed Boulez pauses to circulate and refers to that liquid water is after feed water pump (64) supercharging, enter steam generator (55) and absorb heat, produce saturated or overheated steam (58), be sent to cavity type receiver (59) again, utilize solar energy heliostat field (60), by solar ray collecting on the cavity type receiver (59) being fixed on top of tower, in order to produce high temperature, heating steam (58), the high-temperature vapor (61) produced, aqueous vapor turbine (62) is driven to drag aqueous vapor turbine generator (65) generating, thus solar energy is converted to electric energy, the steam that described aqueous vapor turbine (62) is discharged, is condensed into water of condensation through condenser/evaporator (63), the water of condensation that condenser/evaporator (63) is formed sends into steam generator (55) again after feed water pump (64) supercharging, the cyclic process thus formation enclosed Boulez pauses,
Described bottom Rankine cycle refers to that working medium is after recycle pump (66) supercharging, enter the steam heat that condenser/evaporator (63) absorption aqueous vapor turbine (62) is discharged, produce overheated or saturated bottom cycle steam (67), driving steam turbine (68) drags steam turbine generator (70) generating, the steam of discharging from steam turbine (68) condenses into liquid bottom Rankine cycle working medium through vapour condenser (69), enter recycle pump (66) again, thus form bottom Rankine cycle process;
Described bottom Rankine cycle working medium adopts water, organic low boiling working fluid, inorganic low boiling working fluid, or the low boiling working fluid of organic and inorganic mixing;
Described low boiling working fluid refers to the working medium that the boiling point that standard atmosphere is depressed is less than-10 DEG C.
6. system according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
Adopt (53) thermal source as steam generator (55) that draws gas of high-pressure turbine (52), the water that heating enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation produces saturated or superheated vapor (58), extracted steam from turbine (53) forms condensed water (56), returns high voltage terminal vapour condenser (47) or the oxygen-eliminating device (49) of the Rankine cycle of high voltage terminal steam;
Described high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle refers to from high voltage terminal vapour condenser (47) water of condensation out through condensate pump (48), oxygen-eliminating device (49), high pressure water pump (50), boiler (51), produce the superheated vapor of High Temperature High Pressure, enter high-pressure turbine (52) and drag high pressure turbine generator (54) generating, the exhaust steam of discharging from high-pressure turbine (52) forms water of condensation through high voltage terminal vapour condenser (47) condensation, thus forms high voltage terminal steam Rankine cycle circuit.
7. system according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
Be provided with two-stage heat-storage subtense angle:
Described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle comprises high-temperature heat accumulation device (71), low-temperature heat accumulating device (72);
From tower type solar system cavity type receiver (59) high-temperature vapor out (61), store through all or part of sensible heat of high-temperature heat accumulation device (71) by high-temperature vapor (61), the steam transforming stored after sensible heat through high-temperature heat accumulation device (71) is saturated vapour or low overheat steam, flows to low-temperature heat accumulating device (72); Low-temperature heat accumulating device (72) stores residue sensible heat and the latent heat of steam, the saturated vapour stored after latent heat through low-temperature heat accumulating device (72) is converted into water of condensation, return steam generator (55) through watering cycle pump (57), then enter cavity type receiver (59);
Described two-stage heat-storage subtense angle is store heat when solar radiation energy is sufficient, when solar radiant energy quantity not sufficient, from enclosed Boulez pause circulation condenser/evaporator (63) water of condensation out, through feed water pump (64), low-temperature heat accumulating device (72) absorb converting heat be saturated vapour, become overheated water vapour (61) through the further thermal conversion of high-temperature heat accumulation device (71) again, enter aqueous vapor turbine (62) and drive aqueous vapor turbine generator (65) generating.
8. system according to claim 7, is characterized in that:
Comprise high-temperature heat accumulation working medium in described high-temperature heat accumulation device (71), this high-temperature heat accumulation working medium comprises fused salt, metal heat-accumulating material or resistant to elevated temperatures concrete heat-accumulating material;
Comprise low-temperature heat accumulating working medium in described low-temperature heat accumulating device (72), this low-temperature heat accumulating working medium comprises conduction oil, high pressure saturation water or phase-change working substance.
9. system according to claim 7, is characterized in that:
Be provided with air or nitrogen sparge tube road: the purge gas (74) that purging motor (74) is sent is after low-temperature heat accumulating device (72), high-temperature heat accumulation device (71) heating, to pause the water vapor of the circulatory system for replacing enclosed Boulez, thus the impact of the thermal insulating material in the circulatory system that enclosed Boulez is paused eliminated water vapor condensation and cause, metallic material performance.
10. system according to claim 6, is characterized in that:
The input and output gas pressure ratio scope of the aqueous vapor turbine (62) that described enclosed Boulez pauses in circulation is 4 ~ 16.
11. systems according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
The operating temperature range of described water vapour (61) is 700 DEG C ~ 1500 DEG C.
CN201510067888.5A 2015-02-09 2015-02-09 Closed Brayton tower solar thermal power generation method and system Pending CN104653419A (en)

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CN106369866A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-02-01 东北石油大学 Waste steam directly absorbed type double-effect lithium bromide heat pump system and working method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150527