CN104652236A - Combined type channel steel support template rod system and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Combined type channel steel support template rod system and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104652236A
CN104652236A CN201510084153.3A CN201510084153A CN104652236A CN 104652236 A CN104652236 A CN 104652236A CN 201510084153 A CN201510084153 A CN 201510084153A CN 104652236 A CN104652236 A CN 104652236A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rail
combined type
template
type channel
column
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510084153.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄宗元
Original Assignee
中国水利水电第十六工程局有限公司
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Priority to CN201510084153.3A priority Critical patent/CN104652236A/en
Publication of CN104652236A publication Critical patent/CN104652236A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a strengthening part for a highway engineering side ditch, a jet stream trough, a water-power engineering cable trench and a building engineering beam template and a construction technical method thereof, and particularly relates to a combined type channel steel support template rod system and a construction method thereof. The combined type channel steel support template rod system is characterized by comprising an upper cross beam, vertical columns and inclined support rods, wherein the upper cross beam and the two vertical columns are connected through fastening pieces to form a template fixing groove; and one ends of the inclined support rods positioned on two sides of the template fixing groove are connected with the upper cross beam through the fastening pieces, the other ends of the inclined support rods are connected with the vertical columns, and the lengths of the inclined support rods are adjustable. The strengthening part disclosed by the invention is simple in structure and easy to operate in the field, can be adjusted according to different sizes of construction structures, is saved in material by being recyclable and free of influencing the beauty of the structures, can be used for improving the construction efficiency and quality, meets the requirements for demand of environmental friendliness and green construction and is wide in practicability.

Description

Combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage and construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to highway engineering gutter, chute, hydroelectric project cable trench, the girth member of construction work beam forms and construction technical method, particularly a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage and construction method.
Background technology
At present, highway engineering, municipal engineering, hydroelectric project, the every profession and trade job sites such as construction work, building height lower than 1 meter, when thickness is less than small-size concrete wall or the ditch of 0.6 meter, as Fig. 1, shown in 2 is that gutter is built, all first built base plate 61, re-use simple and easy template scene and build the die cavity of building side, fixing of template 7: inside is fixed by the bearing bar 94 of bottom usually, outside employing batten cross bar 90, montant 91 and lumps of wood diagonal brace 93 etc. are as support frame, coordinate the reinforcement means of through-wall bolt 92 again, the die cavity reinforcement system that this scene processes, random strong, with the experience of practical operation workman and sense of responsibility closely related, reinforce complex procedures, time is long.Reinforce because middle part needs to add through-wall bolt, this will hole in template, build the easy spillage in hole when position, recycling to be carried out to through-wall bolt to reduce costs, normally hard PVC pipe 95 is had to carry out isolation concrete in through-wall bolt outer cover, reclaim through-wall bolt while stripping, bolt hole can be left in such gutter side wall surface, affects aesthetic property.Conveniently pouring concrete, the opening above template is in open state, and upper shed place template is easily out of shape, and causes the out-of-flatness of furrow bank working face.If increase cross bar, need cross bar steel nail be fixed in template, very easily damage during dismounting, affect reusing of template, shorten the application life of template.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned small-size concrete wall or ditch when building, build the shortcoming that template fixed system exists, a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage and construction method are provided, that accelerates template fixed system builds speed, improves formwork efficiency and has built rear concrete presentation quality.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage, its main points are that it is made up of top rail, column, hound, top rail and two columns are connected to form template holddown groove by securing member, the hound of both sides is connected with top rail by securing member one end, the other end is connected with column, the adjustable length of hound.
The present invention, by assembling the general part of machining, forms clip slot to template, changes original through-wall bolt tension by inside two pieces of templates into outside rod member and holds out against, and to template not damaged, also just overcomes spillage and stays the defect of bolt hole.And utilize hound to form stable triangular support, effectively can resist concrete in casting process to the thrust that template is outside, especially the top rail of upper end can avoid template upper end open to open outward, the size between each rod member and machining hole position precision high, connect owing to adopting the fixture such as bolt, easy accessibility, be easy to execute-in-place, save material, do not affect the attractive in appearance of works, improve efficiency of construction and quality, meet the needs of environmental protection, green construction.
On top rail length direction, spaced design has several by the fixing hole of securing member.Top rail designs multiple fixing hole, makes the present invention can meet the needs of the concrete wall of different-thickness, can regulate according to the different size of constructing structure thing, recycling, reaches general object.
Fixing hole is elongated hole.The needs of the concrete wall of different-thickness can be met better, reach the object of fine setting.
The length of elongated hole is 2-3 times of fixing hole internal diameter.
On strut length direction, spaced design has several by the fixing hole of securing member.Because the height of concrete wall is not quite similar, met the needs of the concrete wall of differing heights by the fixed bit adjusting column and top rail, reach general object.
The adjustable length of described hound refers to that the middle part of hound is screw rod, and two ends are hollow connecting rod, and there is fixing hole hollow connecting rod one end, and the other end is the nut matched with screw rod.Regulate the speed so fast.Certainly also hound can be used as with hook flange.
Top rail and four columns are connected to form template holddown groove by securing member, and the hound of both sides is connected with top rail by securing member one end, and the other end is connected with the column of side, are connected with horizontal support, the adjustable length of horizontal support between middle two pieces of adjacent columns.The concrete wall of ditch both sides is built simultaneously, so will be fixed, due to the limited space at middle part two groups of templates, according to hound, easily interfere with each other, utilize horizontal support to carry out limiting the distortion of inner side template, simple and convenient, the power of both sides can cancel each other.
The adjustable length of described horizontal support refers to that the middle part of horizontal support is screw rod, and two ends are hollow connecting rod, and there is fixing hole hollow connecting rod one end, and the other end is the nut matched with screw rod.Identical with the method for adjustment of hound, horizontal support is also carried out length adjustment by screw rod with coordinating of nut or directly uses hook flange.
A kind of method utilizing combinations thereof formula channel-section steel formwork leverage to make abutment wall, first build base plate, and according to the pre-buried bearing bar of the thickness of wall, template is stood by bearing bar, according to two fixing holes corresponding in the thickness determination top rail of wall, first the monolateral height according to wall is selected fixing hole suitable on column, column is fixed on top rail, be placed on the top of template, fix the column of another side again, then hound one end is first connected with the lower end fixing hole of column, after adjusting to suitable length, the other end is connected with the fixing hole of top rail, a combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage is fixed every 400 ~ 600mm.
A kind of method utilizing combinations thereof formula channel-section steel formwork leverage to make ditch, first build base plate, and according to the pre-buried bearing bar of the thickness of wall, template is stood by bearing bar, according to two fixing holes corresponding in the thickness determination top rail of wall, first the monolateral height according to wall is selected fixing hole suitable on column, column inside two is fixed on top rail, the length of adjustment horizontal support, after two columns of horizontal support and inner side are fixing, put into from middle part, be placed in the top of template, fix the column outside two again, then hound one end is first connected with the lower end fixing hole of column, after adjusting to suitable length, the other end is connected with the fixing hole of top rail, a combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage is fixed every 400 ~ 600mm.
Top rail in the present invention, column, hound, horizontal support can adopt hollow square steel according to environment residing for works size and engineering, or angle steel, or the material such as channel-section steel combines, can because of ground selection, because suitable material selected by material, mold method of the present invention is very flexible, simply applicable.
The invention has the advantages that, structure is simple, is easy to execute-in-place, can regulates according to the different size of constructing structure thing, can reuse, save material, do not affect the attractive in appearance of works, improve efficiency of construction and quality, meet the needs of environmental protection, green construction, practicality is wide.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the fixed system schematic diagram of existing formwork for placing
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1
The combined type channel-section steel formwork structural system composed of bar schematic diagram that Fig. 3 uses for embodiment 1 slope of highway supporting sash beam
Fig. 4 is the using state schematic diagram of embodiment 1
Fig. 5 is embodiment 2 roadside ditch combined type channel-section steel formwork structural system composed of bar schematic diagram
Fig. 6 is the using state schematic diagram of embodiment 2
Fig. 7 is the top view of Fig. 6
Wherein: 1 top rail 11 fixing hole 2 column 3 hound 31 screw rod 32 hollow connecting rod 4 securing member 41 pad 5 horizontal support 61 base plate 7 template 90 cross bar 91 montant 92 through-wall bolt 93 lumps of wood diagonal brace 94 bearing bar 95 hard PVC pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage, construction method are described in further detail
Embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 3,4, for the combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage that slope of highway supporting sash beam uses, be and build monolateral parapet, as made High Side Slope of Highway, it is made up of top rail 1, column 2, hound 3, top rail 1 adopts 12.6# channel-section steel, it and two column 2(are angle steel) by securing member 4(bolts and nuts) be connected to form template holddown groove, the hound 3(of both sides is angle steel) be connected with top rail 1 by securing member 4 one end, the other end is connected with column 2, the adjustable length of hound 3.The adjustable length of described hound 3 refers to that the middle part of hound 3 is screw rod 31, and two ends are hollow connecting rod 32, and there is fixing hole 11 hollow connecting rod 32 one end, and the other end is the nut matched with screw rod 31.Hollow connecting rod 32 is angle steel, and one end is welded with nut (or processing female hole end surface shrouding) and coordinates with screw rod 31, realizes hound 3 adjustable length, also can directly use hook flange as hound.On top rail 1 length direction, spaced design has several by the fixing hole 11 of securing member 4, makes the present invention can meet the needs of the concrete wall of different-thickness, reaches general object.On same column 2 length direction, spaced design has several by the fixing hole 11 of securing member 4.Best fixing hole 11 is elongated hole, and the length of elongated hole is 2-3 times of fixing hole 11 internal diameter, can meet the needs of the concrete wall of different-thickness better, reach the object of fine setting.
A kind of method utilizing above-mentioned combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage to make abutment wall, first build base plate 61, and according to the pre-buried bearing bar 94 of the thickness of wall, template is stood by bearing bar 94, according to two fixing holes 11 corresponding in the thickness determination top rail 1 of wall, first the monolateral height according to wall is selected fixing hole 11 suitable on column 2, column 2 and top rail 1 are pre-fixed, then hound 3 one end is first connected with the lower end fixing hole 11 of column 2, after adjusting to suitable length, the other end is connected with the fixing hole of top rail 1, the combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage assembled is placed on outside template every 400 ~ 600mm, after fixing inching again to clamping template, each securing member 4 is locked.It is same as the prior art that all the other do not state part.Combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage first assembles in vacant lot by the present invention at the scene, whole assembling process does not affect by template, be inserted in template after pretension, securable fastener after fine setting, speed is fast, when the wall in an engineering wide consistent time segmentation build, when the last period, combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage was pulled down, as long as unscrew securing member 4, directly deliver to next section after taking-up and put, fine setting screws, and speed is fast.
Embodiment 2, as Fig. 5, 6, shown in 7, a kind of roadside ditch combined type channel-section steel formwork structural system composed of bar, it improves on the basis of above-mentioned monolateral body of wall, top rail 1 and four columns 2 are connected to form template holddown groove by securing member 4, the hound 3 of both sides is connected with top rail 1 through pad 41 by securing member 4 one end, the other end is connected with the column 2 of side, the thickness of pad 41 is identical with the thickness of column 2, to ensure hound 3 uniform force, horizontal support 5 is connected with between middle two pieces of adjacent columns 2, the adjustable length of horizontal support 5, the adjustable length of described horizontal support 5 refers to that the middle part of horizontal support 5 is screw rod 31, two ends are hollow connecting rod 32, there is fixing hole 11 hollow connecting rod 32 one end, the other end is the nut matched with screw rod 31.The structure of horizontal support 5 can be identical with the hound in embodiment 1.
During use, first build base plate 61, and according to the pre-buried bearing bar 94 of the thickness of wall, template is stood by bearing bar 94, according to two fixing holes 11 corresponding in the thickness determination top rail 1 of wall, first the monolateral height according to wall is selected fixing hole 11 suitable on column 2, column 2 is fixed on top rail 1, the length of adjustment horizontal support 5, two columns 2 of horizontal support 5 with inner side are fixed, hound 3 one end is first connected with the lower end fixing hole 11 of column 2, after adjusting to suitable length, the other end is connected with the fixing hole of top rail 1, the combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage assembled is placed on outside template every 400 ~ 600mm, after fixing inching again to clamping template, each securing member 4 is locked.It is identical with upper example that all the other do not state part.
To the above-mentioned explanation of disclosed embodiment, professional and technical personnel in the field can be enable to realize easily, to be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of embodiment, the General Principle that the present invention defines can without departing from the present invention, realize in other embodiments; Therefore, the present invention is not restricted to embodiment illustrated herein, but will meet the wider scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (9)

1. a combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage, it is characterized in that: it is made up of top rail (1), column (2), hound (3), top rail (1) and two columns (2) are connected to form template holddown groove by securing member (4), the hound (3) of both sides is connected with top rail (1) by securing member (4) one end, the other end is connected with column (2), the adjustable length of hound (3).
2. a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on top rail (1) length direction, spaced design has several fixing holes by securing member (4) (11).
3. a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: fixing hole (11) is elongated hole.
4. a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on column (2) length direction, spaced design has several fixing holes by securing member (4) (11).
5. a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the adjustable length of described hound (3) refers to that the middle part of hound (3) is screw rod (31), two ends are hollow connecting rod (32), there is fixing hole (11) hollow connecting rod (32) one end, and the other end is the nut matched with screw rod (31).
6. a combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage, it is characterized in that: top rail (1) and four columns (2) are connected to form template holddown groove by securing member (4), the hound (3) of both sides is connected with top rail (1) by securing member (4) one end, the other end is connected with the column (2) of side, horizontal support (5) is connected with, the adjustable length of horizontal support (5) between middle two pieces of adjacent columns (2).
7. a kind of combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the adjustable length of described horizontal support (5) refers to that the middle part of horizontal support (5) is screw rod (31), two ends are hollow connecting rod (32), there is fixing hole (11) hollow connecting rod (32) one end, and the other end is the nut matched with screw rod (31).
8. one kind utilizes claim 1, 2, 3, combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage described in 4 or 5 makes the method for abutment wall, it is characterized in that: first build base plate (61), and according to the pre-buried bearing bar of the thickness of wall (94), template is stood by bearing bar (94), according to two fixing holes (11) corresponding in the thickness determination top rail (1) of wall, first the monolateral height according to wall is selected the upper suitable fixing hole (11) of column (2), column (2) and top rail (1) are pre-fixed, then hound (3) one end is first connected with the lower end fixing hole (11) of column (2), after adjusting to suitable length, the other end is connected with the fixing hole of top rail (1), the combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage assembled is placed on outside template every 400 ~ 600mm, after fixing inching again to clamping template, each securing member (4) is locked.
9. the method utilizing the combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage described in claim 6 to make abutment wall, it is characterized in that: first build base plate (61), and according to the pre-buried bearing bar of the thickness of wall (94), template is stood by bearing bar (94), according to two fixing holes (11) corresponding in the thickness determination top rail (1) of wall, first the monolateral height according to wall is selected the upper suitable fixing hole (11) of column (2), column (2) is fixed on top rail (1), the length of adjustment horizontal support (5), two columns (2) of horizontal support (5) with inner side are fixed, hound (3) one end is first connected with the lower end fixing hole (11) of column (2), after adjusting to suitable length, the other end is connected with the fixing hole of top rail (1), the combined type channel-section steel formwork leverage assembled is placed on outside template every 400 ~ 600mm, after fixing inching again to clamping template, each securing member (4) is locked.
CN201510084153.3A 2015-02-16 2015-02-16 Combined type channel steel support template rod system and construction method thereof CN104652236A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105672331A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-15 大连大学 Vertical external pulling ground anchor pile pipe channel foundation pit protecting wall structure and construction method thereof
CN105888240A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-24 山东兴华建设集团有限公司 Reinforcing clamping apparatus for building cross beam
CN107226145A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-10-03 山东建筑大学 Diagonal-bracing type clamp system and the climbing robot suitable for shaft
CN108979142A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 中冶建工集团有限公司 One kind hanging mould pouring construction structure
CN108979136A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of formed by integrally casting construction template structure of the anti-bank in toilet
CN109025262A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-18 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of molding construction method of concrete flanging one-time-concreting
CN109057339A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-21 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of one-time-concreting construction method of the anti-bank in toilet
CN109577462A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-05 首钢水城钢铁(集团)赛德建设有限公司 Formwork reinforcement construction method

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105672331A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-15 大连大学 Vertical external pulling ground anchor pile pipe channel foundation pit protecting wall structure and construction method thereof
CN105888240A (en) * 2016-06-01 2016-08-24 山东兴华建设集团有限公司 Reinforcing clamping apparatus for building cross beam
CN107226145A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-10-03 山东建筑大学 Diagonal-bracing type clamp system and the climbing robot suitable for shaft
CN107226145B (en) * 2017-04-05 2019-10-15 山东建筑大学 Diagonal-bracing type clamp system and climbing robot suitable for shaft
CN108979142A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 中冶建工集团有限公司 One kind hanging mould pouring construction structure
CN108979136A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-11 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of formed by integrally casting construction template structure of the anti-bank in toilet
CN109025262A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-18 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of molding construction method of concrete flanging one-time-concreting
CN109057339A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-21 中冶建工集团有限公司 A kind of one-time-concreting construction method of the anti-bank in toilet
CN108979142B (en) * 2018-08-21 2021-02-19 中冶建工集团有限公司 Hang mould and pour construction structures
CN108979136B (en) * 2018-08-21 2021-02-19 中冶建工集团有限公司 Anti-bank's of bathroom integrative construction formwork structure of pouring
CN109577462A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-05 首钢水城钢铁(集团)赛德建设有限公司 Formwork reinforcement construction method

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