CN104649634A - Concrete for high-compressive strength section steel-concrete combined structure - Google Patents

Concrete for high-compressive strength section steel-concrete combined structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104649634A
CN104649634A CN201510092230.XA CN201510092230A CN104649634A CN 104649634 A CN104649634 A CN 104649634A CN 201510092230 A CN201510092230 A CN 201510092230A CN 104649634 A CN104649634 A CN 104649634A
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China
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concrete
steel
compressive strength
reinforced concrete
water
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CN201510092230.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏学云
宋国新
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Shanghai Min Xuan Steel Structure Work Co Ltd
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Shanghai Min Xuan Steel Structure Work Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses concrete for a high-compressive strength section steel-concrete combined structure. The concrete is characterized in that each cubic meter of the concrete comprises 350-450kg of ordinary portland cement, 400-680kg of river sand, 650-950kg of gravel, 150-260kg of water, 60-80kg of fly ash, 300-500kg of heat-resistant aggregate, 20-50kg of a water-reducing agent and 20-50kg of an expanding agent, wherein the expanding agent comprises the following components in parts by weight: 10-30 parts of manganese sulfate monohydrate, 10-30 parts of alum and 10-30 parts of calcined gypsum. The concrete disclosed by the invention has the advantages of low production cost, good heat resistance, good compressive strength and good bonding strength with section steel.

Description

High compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of concrete, be specifically related to a kind of high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the continuous expansion of construction scope, construction style constantly bring forth new ideas and design, operating technique is fast-developing, concrete filled steel tube and steel reinforced concrete structure obtain applying more and more widely.At present, in the application of steel-concrete structure, shaped steel or steel pipe external wrapping concrete all adopt traditional template that installs directly to water the method for smashing and build.
Shaped steel high-strength high-performance concrete unitized construction is the application of novel High Technique Concrete in steel reinforced concrete (SRC) unitized construction.Wherein, reinforced concrete composite structure (being called for short SRC structure) is a kind of principal mode of steel-concrete combined structure, due to advantages such as its supporting capacity are high, rigidity is large and anti-seismic performance is good, be applied to more and more greatly across high level and the high-rise building of, heavy type structure and seismic region.SRC structural rate steel construction can save great deal of steel, increasing section rigidity, overcomes steel structure fire-resistant and the shortcoming such as poor durability and easy flexing unstability, the ability of steel is fully played, general comparable pure steel structure saving steel about 50%.Compared with ordinary reinforced concrete (RC) structure, the ratio of reinforcement of joining in the comparable skeleton construction of steel rate in steel reinforced concrete structure is much larger, therefore more steel can be configured in limited section area, so the supporting capacity of Steel Reinforced Concrete Members is higher than the supporting capacity more than one times of the reinforced concrete member of same profile, thus effectively can reduce the sectional dimension of component, avoid the normal fat beams and columns phenomenon occurred in skeleton construction, the usable floor area and the headroom that increase building structure also reduce the cost of building, obtain significant economic benefit.In construction, the Steel Skeleton of steel reinforced concrete structure can be used as the supporting system bearing whole construction loads (comprise and hang mould and institute's pouring concrete), enormously simplify formwork engineering.Due to SRC structure, to have globality strong, the advantages such as good working ductility, greatly can improve the brittleness of Steel Concrete sheared destruction, structural seismic performance is significantly improved, intensity and ductility are all greatly improved than reinforced concrete structure, even if therefore in high-rise steel structure, the some layers in bottom are also often SRC structural shape, as the emperor mansion in Shanghai Jin Mao Tower, Shenzhen, the mansion, Kowloon in Hong Kong and international public finance center etc.Rush the statistics display of earthquake according to Japan Miyagi Prefecture in 1978, be in the SRC building of 7 ~ 17 layers in the 95 building numbers of plies of investigation, only have 13% (Building 12) that main body slight damage occurs.Therefore in Japan and the developed country such as American-European, SRC structure and steel construction, timber structure, skeleton construction be called four macrostructures.Japan's earthquake resistant code specifies: the buildings highly more than 45 meters must not use skeleton construction, and steel reinforced concrete structure is then not limited.China is also the country of earthquake more than, and most area be seismic region, and some areas are positioned at highly seismic region, therefore in China, particularly underdeveloped and be subject to earthquake effect larger west area popularization SRC structure just to have very important realistic meaning.Up to the present, China adopts the floor area of building of SRC structure to be about the thousandth of gross floors area, and adopts the buildings of SRC structure to account for 62.8% of gross building area in the buildings of Japan more than six layers.Therefore, SRC structure has boundless application prospect in China, especially along with the successful Developing Application of the continuous enhancing of China's economic strength and high-strength steel and high-strength high-performance concrete (they be putative 21 century material), applying of this structural system will be promoted.
Cohesive action good between type Steel concrete is the basis ensureing the medium-sized Steel concrete co-ordination of Steel Reinforced Concrete Members, the three kinds of material elements collaborative works of shaped steel, reinforcing bar and concrete, to resist various external action effect, the advantage of reinforced concrete composite structure can be given full play to.But the remarkable difference of steel reinforced concrete structure and skeleton construction is that the cohesive force between type Steel concrete is far smaller than the cohesive force between reinforcing bar and concrete, and the cohesive force of shaped steel and normal concrete is approximately only equivalent to 45% of plain bar cohesive force.Domestic and international many experimental studies show, there is bond-slip phenomenon between type Steel concrete, and have remarkably influenced to the stress performance of SRC component.Therefore, how to ensure type Steel concrete effectively collaborative work become one of emphasis of reinforced concrete composite structure research.Two kinds are generally had to the treatment process of bond-slip problem between type Steel concrete: the first adds shearing connecting piece in component surface, certainly will cause the inconvenience in construction like this and improve cost in current engineering design; It two is reduce the supporting capacity of component, to consider the impact of bond-slip, certainly exists uneconomic factor like this.On the other hand, in Structural Design, ubiquity focuses on the phenomenon of intensity and light weather resistance, has occurred the security in use of many concrete structures and the problem of weather resistance aspect both at home and abroad.Namely some concrete structures completely lose using function and even supporting capacity due to the reason such as alkali-aggregate reaction, Chloride Attack in use half of not enough design period, even there is partial collapse or total Collapse in indivedual engineering, causes casualties or Architectural Equipment destruction.
Concrete refer to gathered materials by agglutinate (organic, inorganic or organo-mineral complexing), particulate state, chemical admixture that water and needs add and mineral admixture by the compound of suitable proportion mixing, or form the matrix material with heap poly structure after sclerosis.Be generally with gelling material, water, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate, coordinate by suitable proportion, mix admixture and mineral admixture whenever necessary.
Concrete is one of contemporary topmost civil engineering material.
Concrete has abundant raw material, cheap, the simple feature of production technique, thus makes its consumption increasing.Simultaneously also to have ultimate compression strength high for concrete, good endurance, the features such as strength grade wide ranges.These features make its use range very extensive, and not only using in various civil engineering work, is exactly shipbuilding, mechanical industry, the exploitation of ocean, geothermal engineering etc., and concrete is also important material.
Concrete is a kind of material of construction full of vitality.Along with the development of component materials of concrete, people improve constantly Material cladding technology understanding.Not only ultimate compression strength is confined to concrete performance requriements, but on the basis basing oneself upon intensity, more focuses on the balance and coordination of the overall targets such as concrete weather resistance, deformation performance.The requirement of concrete property indices is than clearer and more definite, refinement in the past and concrete.Meanwhile, the lifting of Architectural Equipment level, the continuing to bring out and promoting of novel construction process, concrete technology is adapted to different designs, construction and service requirements, develops very fast.
Under normal circumstances, ultimate compression strength is higher for concrete, but the impact of the height of its loss of strength temperature in fire, the length of fire action time obviously; When temperature is more than 600 DEG C, the ultimate compression strength of general concrete can drop to 85% of intensity under normal temps, even lower.
Therefore, concrete resistance toheat is urgently improved.
Summary of the invention
For above shortcomings in prior art, one of technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete.
The present invention seeks to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete, it is characterized in that, every cubic meter of concrete comprises: ordinary Portland cement 350-450kg, river sand 400-680kg, rubble 650-950kg, water 150-260kg, flyash 60-80kg, the heat-resisting 300-500kg that gathers materials, water reducer 20-50kg, swelling agent 20-50kg;
Described swelling agent is made up of the component of following weight parts: manganese sulfate monohydrate 10-30 part, alum 10-30 part, plaster of Paris 10-30 part.
Preferably, described heat-resisting gathering materials is made up of the component of following weight parts: haydite 30-50 part, pearlstone 20-40 part, magnesite clinker 20-40 part.
Preferably, described water reducer is fatty acid series high efficiency water reducing agent or naphthalenesulfonate water reducer.
In the present invention,
Ordinary Portland cement, by mixing material and the levigate hydraulic cementing materials made of proper amount of gypsum of Portland clinker, 5%-20%, operative norm is GB175-2007.
River sand, is preferably the river sand of particle diameter 0.35-0.5mm.
Rubble, preferred rubble is basalt or grouan, and the particle diameter of rubble is preferably 6-20mm.
Flyash, receives and catches the thin ash got off and be called flyash from the flue gas after coal combustion, and flyash is the primary solids refuse that coal-burning power plant discharges.The composition (mass percent) of flyash is generally: SiO 21.30-65.76%, Al 2o 31.59-40.12%, Fe 2o 31.50-6.22%, CaO 1.44-16.80%, MgO1.20-3.72%, SO 31.00-6.00%, Na 2o 1.10-4.23%, K 2o 1.02-2.14%.
Haydite, the i.e. particle of ceramic, particle diameter is generally 6-20mm.Be preferably leca or haydites of book structure.
Pearlstone, due to its rapid spatial expansion 4 ~ 30 times under 1000 ~ 1300 DEG C of hot conditionss, therefore be referred to as pearlstone, expansion multiple is generally 7 ~ 10 times.Chemical constitution is: SiO 268 ~ 76%, Al 2o 311 ~ 16%, Fe 2o 32 ~ 5%, CaO < 2%, MgO < 2%, TiO 2< 2%, K 2o+Na 2o5 ~ 9%, other are 8 ~ 11% years old.
Magnesite clinker, once calcines with the high temperature service such as shaft furnace, rotary kiln or two step calcining procesies, and magnesite claims magnesite clinker through the 1550-1600 DEG C of calcining i.e. so-called magnesia burnt to death.In the present invention, the trade mark of preferred magnesite clinker has MS-96, MS-97a, MS-97b, MS-98.
Present invention also offers the concrete preparation method of described high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure, comprise the steps: to take each raw material by proportioning raw materials, in concrete mixer, stir 2-10min.
Contriver is found by great many of experiments, uses high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of the present invention, and have excellent heat-resisting effect, ultimate compression strength is good, with shaped steel cohesive strength, and long service life.
The preparation technology of this product is simple, and product cost is low, and the over-all properties of product is more excellent.Many buildings such as factory building, warehouse, residential building, office building, market, Waiting Lounge can be widely used in.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.Concrete mixer in embodiment is the JS1000 that Zhen Heng building engineering equipment company limited of Zhengzhou City produces; Described ordinary Portland cement is the Qilian mountains board P.042.5 ordinary Portland cement that the Qilian mountains, Gansu Province cement limited-liability company produces; Described haydite is the haydites of book structure of particle diameter 6-20mm, and its cylindrical compress strength is 6.7M, and water-intake rate is 1.10%, and tap density is 895kg/m 3; The model of magnesite clinker is MS-96; Described rubble is the basalt of particle diameter 6-20mm; River sand is the river sand of particle diameter 0.35-0.5mm.Described water reducer is the SKY-2 high efficiency water reducing agent that Tianjin Yong Yang water reducer factory produces.
The plaster of Paris, English name bassanite, composition Ca [SO 4] 0.5H 2o.Oblique system.Alum, also known as Potassium aluminum sulfate dodecahydrate, is the double salt of potassium sulfate containing crystal water and Tai-Ace S 150.Manganese sulfate monohydrate, molecular formula MnSO 4h 2o.
Embodiment 1
Take each component according to embodiment 1 data corresponding in table 1, in concrete mixer, stir 3min, namely obtain the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of embodiment 1.
Table 1: high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete every cubic metre of formula table unit: kg
Embodiment 1 Comparative example 1 Comparative example 2 Comparative example 3
Ordinary Portland cement 350 350 350 350
River sand 580 580 580 580
Basalt 850 850 850 850
Water 190 190 190 190
Flyash 70 70 70 70
Haydite 160 160 160 160
Pearlstone 120 120 120 120
Magnesite clinker 120 120 120 120
Water reducer 30 30 30 30
Manganese sulfate monohydrate 10 / 10 10
Alum 10 10 / 20
The plaster of Paris 10 20 20 /
Comparative example 1
Take each component according to comparative example 1 data corresponding in table 1, according to method described in embodiment 1, obtain the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of comparative example 1.
Comparative example 2
Take each component according to comparative example 2 data corresponding in table 1, according to method described in embodiment 1, obtain the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of comparative example 2.
Comparative example 3
Take each component according to comparative example 3 data corresponding in table 1, according to method described in embodiment 1, obtain the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of comparative example 3.
Test case 1
Performance test is carried out to the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of embodiment 1 and comparative example 1-3, envrionment temperature is 25 DEG C, the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of embodiment 1 and comparative example 1-3 is built steel beam column surface, the thickness of building is about 25cm, test presetting period and final setting time, after building rear wet environment maintenance 28d, measure its ultimate compression strength and with shaped steel cohesive strength, test result is in table 2.
Table 2: high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure testing concrete performance table
Embodiment 1 Comparative example 1 Comparative example 2 Comparative example 3
Presetting period (min) 180 205 200 195
Final setting time (min) 720 740 745 740
Ultimate compression strength (MPa) 49.2 45.1 46.0 46.8
With shaped steel cohesive strength (MPa) 4.79 4.53 4.48 4.60
The high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure of embodiment 1 is tested by concrete performance, found that the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete fundamental property that embodiment 1 obtains is good, meet relevant regulations index.
Embodiment 1 employs the composite swelling agent of manganese sulfate monohydrate, alum, the plaster of Paris, compared with comparative example 1-3 (wherein any two kinds of components form swelling agent), presetting period and final setting time shorter, ultimate compression strength is larger, larger with shaped steel cohesive strength.Illustrate that manganese sulfate monohydrate, alum, the plaster of Paris three kinds of components have the effect of synergy.
High compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete of the present invention can be widely used in many buildings such as factory building, warehouse, residential building, office building, market, Waiting Lounge.
The above; be only the specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; any those of ordinary skill in the art are in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention; the change can expected without creative work or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection domain that protection scope of the present invention should limit with claims is as the criterion.

Claims (3)

1. a high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete, it is characterized in that, every cubic meter of concrete comprises: ordinary Portland cement 350-450kg, river sand 400-680kg, rubble 650-950kg, water 150-260kg, flyash 60-80kg, the heat-resisting 300-500kg that gathers materials, water reducer 20-50kg, swelling agent 20-50kg;
Described swelling agent is made up of the component of following weight parts: manganese sulfate monohydrate 10-30 part, alum 10-30 part, plaster of Paris 10-30 part.
2. high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described heat-resisting gathering materials is made up of the component of following weight parts: haydite 30-50 part, pearlstone 20-40 part, magnesite clinker 20-40 part.
3. the high compressive strength reinforced concrete composite structure concrete as described in claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described water reducer is fatty acid series high efficiency water reducing agent or naphthalenesulfonate water reducer.
CN201510092230.XA 2015-03-02 2015-03-02 Concrete for high-compressive strength section steel-concrete combined structure Pending CN104649634A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106242381A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-12-21 武汉源锦商品混凝土有限公司 A kind of flame-resistant high-temperature-resistant concrete and preparation method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101628797A (en) * 2009-08-21 2010-01-20 李珠 Inorganic heat insulation load-bearing concrete
CN102336533A (en) * 2011-06-28 2012-02-01 金树青 Alunite concrete expanding agent
CN102584139A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-18 中国铁道科学研究院金属及化学研究所 Self-densifying concrete as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN103553458A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-05 西安建筑科技大学 C180 strength-grade concrete for formed steel concrete composite structure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101628797A (en) * 2009-08-21 2010-01-20 李珠 Inorganic heat insulation load-bearing concrete
CN102336533A (en) * 2011-06-28 2012-02-01 金树青 Alunite concrete expanding agent
CN102584139A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-18 中国铁道科学研究院金属及化学研究所 Self-densifying concrete as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN103553458A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-05 西安建筑科技大学 C180 strength-grade concrete for formed steel concrete composite structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106242381A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-12-21 武汉源锦商品混凝土有限公司 A kind of flame-resistant high-temperature-resistant concrete and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150527