CN104641891A - Straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes - Google Patents

Straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104641891A
CN104641891A CN201510038397.8A CN201510038397A CN104641891A CN 104641891 A CN104641891 A CN 104641891A CN 201510038397 A CN201510038397 A CN 201510038397A CN 104641891 A CN104641891 A CN 104641891A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato
seed
straw
potatoes
furrow
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510038397.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁树钦
Original Assignee
梁树钦
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 梁树钦 filed Critical 梁树钦
Priority to CN201510038397.8A priority Critical patent/CN104641891A/en
Publication of CN104641891A publication Critical patent/CN104641891A/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0262Mulches, i.e. covering material not-pre-formed in mats or sheets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of potato cultivation, in particular to a straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes. The method comprises the following steps of (1) selecting a no-tillage paddy field as a potato planting field, and ditching the field and bedding; (2) selecting seed potatoes, sterilizing the seed potatoes, cutting the seed potatoes into blocks, dressing seed and performing bud forcing treatment; (3) during seeding, placing potato bud eyes downwards or laterally to be closed to the ground, placing the potato buds on dry bedding surfaces, covering the bedding surfaces with straws, wherein the thickness of the straw layer is 8 to 10cm, and uniformly covering the bedding surfaces to the sides of the field; (4) applying a high-quality decaying manure or compost nearby the seed potatoes; (5) performing field management, after seed potato seedlings are completely grown, applying thin human fecaluria or biogas slurry to the seed potatoes, and during a growing period, properly adding a fertilizer to the seedlings according to the status of the seedlings to promote growth, or spraying paclobutrazol to control the seedlings, keeping the field wet, and paying attention to prevention and control of diseases and insects; (6) harvesting at proper time. The traditional potato seeding method is changed into a potato placing method, the traditional potato digging method is changed into a potato picking method, potato blocks are not damaged, and the potatoes are fresh and tender in color and good in commodity.

Description

A kind of rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method

Technical field

The present invention relates to potato culture field, particularly a kind of rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method.

Background technology

Potato is also known as potato, potato, potato, potato etc.Potato tubers contains the protein of about 2%, and during potato is dry, protein content is 8% ~ 9%.The protein nutritive value of potato is very high, and its quality is equivalent to the protein of egg, and easily digestion, absorption, be better than the protein of other crops.And the protein of potato contains 18 seed amino acids, comprise the various essential amino acids that human body can not synthesize.The nutritive value of high evaluation potato is that the existence containing the lysine of high-grade protein and essential amino acid, tryptophan, histidine, arginine, phenyl alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine and methionine with its stem tuber is undivided.

Potato raw long period is short, strong adaptability, per unit area yield are high, stem tuber is nutritious, of many uses, be the fourth-largest cereal crops being only second to paddy and wheat, corn in the world.The traditional cultivation method of potato broadcasts front soil deeptillage, smooth again, applies base fertilizer simultaneously; Then ditched furrow, dig bunch planting kind potato, then earthing lid kind, growth and knot potato environment in order to improve potato in process of growth also will carry out 2 ~ 3 cultivation and bankings; Also soil to be opened when gathering, digging potato one by one.The shortcoming of this cultivation method is that potato ties potato in soil, the extruding of earth is subject to when stem tuber expands, be unfavorable for expanding of stem tuber, the resistance suffered when non-sandy loam is larger, general knot potato is smaller, and big-and-middle potato rate is low, and this implantation methods trivial operations, labour intensity is large, effort of taking a lot of work.The no-tillage cultivation method of potato potato, is the new cultivation method of potato, can greatly overcomes above-mentioned deficiency.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention of the present invention is: for above-mentioned technical problem, provides a kind of rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method.

Technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method, comprises the following steps,

(1) select zero-tillage rice field as potato planting ground, ditch into furrow;

(2) choose seed potato and potato seed is carried out disinfection, stripping and slicing, seed dressing and vernalization process;

(3) during sowing, potato seed eye downwards or side direction ground proximity, lies in furrow face, then covers 8-10cm thickness straw, cover evenly to limit;

(4) high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure or composite fertilizer are discharged in seed potato side;

(5) field management, after potato seedling all sprouts, waters with thin night soil or natural pond liquid and executes; Growing period suitably to topdress growth promoting effects or spray paclobutrazol control seedling according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings; Keep field moistening, attention control damage by disease and insect

(6) gather in the crops in good time.

Preferably, after ditching into furrow, to the fertilising of furrow face, potato seed be placed on face, field, downwards or side direction ground proximity, with fine earth lid kind and fertilizer, blinding thickness is 3-5cm to eye, equably by kind, fertilizer builds, and then covers thin straw.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is:

1. the present invention becomes traditional potato seed into putting potato, becoming and dig potato into picking potato, and potato block is not damaged, and color and luster is fresh and tender, and commodity is good.

2. the present invention does not need intertillage to loosen the soil, if there are weeds slightly manually to pull out substantially after planting.

Embodiment

The invention discloses a kind of rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method, comprise the following steps,

(1) select zero-tillage rice field as potato planting ground, ditch into furrow;

(2) choose seed potato and potato seed is carried out disinfection, stripping and slicing, seed dressing and vernalization process;

(3) during sowing, potato seed eye downwards or side direction ground proximity, lies in furrow face, then covers 8-10cm thickness straw, cover evenly to limit;

(4) high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure or composite fertilizer are discharged in seed potato side;

(5) field management, after potato seedling all sprouts, waters with thin night soil or natural pond liquid and executes; Growing period suitably to topdress growth promoting effects or spray paclobutrazol control seedling according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings; Keep field moistening, attention control damage by disease and insect

(6) gather in the crops in good time.

Here the present invention becomes traditional potato seed into putting potato, becoming and dig potato into picking potato, and potato block is not damaged, and color and luster is fresh and tender, and commodity is good.Substantially intertillage is not needed to loosen the soil, if there are weeds slightly manually to pull out after the present invention plants.

Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is specifically described.

Embodiment 1: trench digging bedding, furrow are wide by 1, furrow width 0.30m, ditch depth 0.25m, and ridge surrounding open loop ditch, is convenient to draining.At furrow face basal dressing, base manure is executed down as well with disposable, every 667m 2execute sulfur-bearing composite fertilizer 75kg, and execute decomposed manure 1000kg.By trench digging to furrow face earthing, chemical fertilizer is avoided directly to contact and rotten potato potato seed.Choose seed potato and potato seed is carried out disinfection, stripping and slicing, seed dressing and vernalization process.Wherein, medicinal vernalization medicament is gibberellin, and concentration is because of kind, stripping and slicing and whole potato, potato seed dormancy degree and different, and stripping and slicing soaks 10min with 0.5mg/kg gibberellin, and whole potato 10mg/kg concentration soaks 10min, sows after pulling airing out.During sowing, potato seed eye downwards or side direction ground proximity, lies in furrow face, then cover 8-cm thickness straw, cover evenly to limit.Here it is understood that furrow face basal dressing can be discharge high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure or composite fertilizer on seed potato side.Back to back, field management, after potato seedling all sprouts, waters with thin night soil or natural pond liquid and executes; Growing period suitably to topdress growth promoting effects or spray paclobutrazol control seedling according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings; Keep field moistening, attention control damage by disease and insect.Finally, gather in the crops in good time.

Embodiment 2: trench digging bedding, furrow are wide by 1, furrow width 0.30m, ditch depth 0.25m, and ridge surrounding open loop ditch, is convenient to draining.At furrow face basal dressing, base manure is executed down as well with disposable, every 667m 2execute sulfur-bearing composite fertilizer 75kg, and execute decomposed manure 1000kg.By trench digging to furrow face earthing, chemical fertilizer is avoided directly to contact and rotten potato potato seed.Choose seed potato and potato seed is carried out disinfection, stripping and slicing, seed dressing and vernalization process.Wherein, medicinal vernalization medicament is gibberellin, and concentration is because of kind, stripping and slicing and whole potato, potato seed dormancy degree and different, and stripping and slicing soaks 10min with 1mg/kg gibberellin, and whole potato 20mg/kg concentration soaks 20min, sows after pulling airing out.During sowing, potato seed eye downwards or side direction ground proximity, lies in furrow face, then cover 10cm thickness straw, cover evenly to limit.Here it is understood that furrow face basal dressing can be discharge high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure or composite fertilizer on seed potato side.Back to back, field management, after potato seedling all sprouts, waters with thin night soil or natural pond liquid and executes; Growing period suitably to topdress growth promoting effects or spray paclobutrazol control seedling according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings; Keep field moistening, attention control damage by disease and insect.Finally, gather in the crops in good time.

Claims (2)

1. a rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps,
(1) select zero-tillage rice field as potato planting ground, ditch into furrow;
(2) choose seed potato and potato seed is carried out disinfection, stripping and slicing, seed dressing and vernalization process;
(3) during sowing, potato seed eye downwards or side direction ground proximity, lies in furrow face, then covers 8-10cm thickness straw, cover evenly to limit;
(4) high-quality well-rotted farmyard manure or composite fertilizer are discharged in seed potato side;
(5) field management, after potato seedling all sprouts, waters with thin night soil or natural pond liquid and executes; Growing period suitably to topdress growth promoting effects or spray paclobutrazol control seedling according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings; Keep field moistening, attention control damage by disease and insect
(6) gather in the crops in good time.
2. a kind of rice straw for potato no-tillage with straw mulch cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: after ditching into furrow, applied fertilizer in furrow face, potato seed is placed on face, field, downwards or side direction ground proximity, with fine earth lid kind and fertilizer, blinding thickness is 3-5cm to eye, equably by kind, fertilizer builds, and then covers thin straw.
CN201510038397.8A 2015-01-26 2015-01-26 Straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes CN104641891A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510038397.8A CN104641891A (en) 2015-01-26 2015-01-26 Straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510038397.8A CN104641891A (en) 2015-01-26 2015-01-26 Straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104641891A true CN104641891A (en) 2015-05-27

Family

ID=53233953

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510038397.8A CN104641891A (en) 2015-01-26 2015-01-26 Straw covering and no-tillage cultivation method of potatoes

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104641891A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104885826A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-09 傅杨 Method for replacing medical fertilizers by transplanting wormwood from rice field to cover and control weeds
CN105265291A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 董在好 Special cultivation matrix for potatoes
CN105265145A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 董在好 Seed dressing and germination accelerating method for seed potatoes
CN105265144A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 董在好 Method for no-tillage potato planting through covering with straws
CN105724014A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-07-06 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 High-yield planting method for potatoes
CN105917885A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-09-07 安徽喜洋洋农业科技有限公司 Rice-stubble non-tillage potato cultivation method
CN107278589A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-10-24 广西桂平市石龙镇江夏种养专业合作社 A kind of method that rice straw mulching plants potato

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
富宁县农业技术推广中心: "稻田免耕稻草覆盖马铃薯栽培技术规程", 《云南农业》 *
韦瑞敏: "马铃薯免耕稻草覆盖技术高产高效", 《科学种养》 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104885826A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-09 傅杨 Method for replacing medical fertilizers by transplanting wormwood from rice field to cover and control weeds
CN104885826B (en) * 2015-06-11 2018-05-01 傅杨 A kind of transplanting rice field wormwood covering control grass subtracts for the method for medicine fertilizer
CN105265145A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 董在好 Seed dressing and germination accelerating method for seed potatoes
CN105265144A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 董在好 Method for no-tillage potato planting through covering with straws
CN105265291A (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-01-27 董在好 Special cultivation matrix for potatoes
CN105724014A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-07-06 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 High-yield planting method for potatoes
CN105917885A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-09-07 安徽喜洋洋农业科技有限公司 Rice-stubble non-tillage potato cultivation method
CN107278589A (en) * 2017-07-27 2017-10-24 广西桂平市石龙镇江夏种养专业合作社 A kind of method that rice straw mulching plants potato

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102246645B (en) High-yield culture technology for southern potatoes planted in autumn
CN105794354B (en) A kind of sweet photo seed float seedling method
CN105724012B (en) A kind of rice field-upland field rotation method of the no-tillage multiple cropping late rice of spring maize
CN101548617B (en) No-tillage no-hole cultivation method for direct-sowing rape in rice stubble
CN103688819B (en) A kind of non-ploughing growing method for white suppressing banana blight spreading and propagation in banana plantation
CN106416492B (en) The implantation methods of high-yield rice
CN102986405B (en) Planting technology of potato-rice multiple cropping mode
CN105284394B (en) A kind of semiarid zone prevention and treatment corn stalk rot disease high-yield planting method
CN104663226A (en) Cold-proof drought-resistant cultivation method for potatoes
CN103798026A (en) Method for planting tomatoes
CN105393861A (en) Planting method for organic rice
CN105340514A (en) Efficient cultivation method for increasing yield and starch content of canna edulis
CN104686265A (en) Rice seedling raising method
CN104221682B (en) The full film ditch ridge cultivating method of dry farming Potato Mechanization
CN104663072B (en) The method of raising seedling of chestnut
CN104381064A (en) Paddy rice planting method
CN105103915A (en) Method for cultivating all-film double-furrow sowing corn in dry land
CN104472165A (en) Method for planting potatoes
CN104770103A (en) Seedling raising method for oil-used peony seeds
CN104718940A (en) Cultivation method for good-quality and high-yield peonies
CN103688812A (en) Planting method of organic paddy rice
CN105165357A (en) Planting method for high-altitude saline-alkali soil black medlar tree
CN103999668A (en) Organic cultivation method of leaf vegetables
CN105248222A (en) Longan planting method
CN104823776A (en) An organic rice cultivation method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
EXSB Decision made by sipo to initiate substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150527

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication