CN104638057A - Assembly method of photoelectric solar modules - Google Patents

Assembly method of photoelectric solar modules Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104638057A
CN104638057A CN201310570965.XA CN201310570965A CN104638057A CN 104638057 A CN104638057 A CN 104638057A CN 201310570965 A CN201310570965 A CN 201310570965A CN 104638057 A CN104638057 A CN 104638057A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery component
solar cell
frame
packing ring
bolt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310570965.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁坚
许国其
庄伟伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Tianyu Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Tianyu Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Tianyu Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Tianyu Photovoltaic Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310570965.XA priority Critical patent/CN104638057A/en
Publication of CN104638057A publication Critical patent/CN104638057A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/18Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly method of photoelectric solar modules and belongs to the technical field of solar modules. The assembly method includes the steps of 1, selecting an assembly site; 2, building a support system; 3, sorting the modules and performing safety detection; 4, protecting the modules; 5, mounting a frame; 6, setting a drainage pipe; and 7, performing grounding. The assembly method has the advantages that operability is high, photoelectric conversion is efficient, current loss is lowered, the support system is well stable, and the modules are long in service life.

Description

A kind of assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar cell, particularly relate to a kind of assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly.
Background technology
Solar energy is a kind of clean energy resource, its application just worldwide increases rapidly, but the cost building at present a solar power system still very high, and photovoltaic solar cell is a kind of device that solar energy is directly converted to electric energy that fallen by photovoltaic effect, assembly after finalization of the manufacture, need its assembling parts in target location, this target location choose and the installation etc. of battery component plays vital effect to the photoelectric conversion efficiency of photovoltaic solar cell, in order to more fully effectively utilize solar energy, how addressing, suitable mounted angle and azimuth etc. is selected to be problems needing to solve.
Summary of the invention
For the problems referred to above existed at present, the invention provides a kind of assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly, the method strong operability, the steadiness of the solar module of assembling is good, and after adopting the method, photoelectric conversion efficiency is higher.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
An assemble method for photovoltaic solar cell assembly, the method comprises the following steps:
(1) select assembling place: select overhead the height roof of 4 ~ 10m or building, surrounding without trees or other barrier obstruction solar radiations, according to southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere lighting angle difference determination sensitive surface;
(2) construction of mounting system: some steel plates are bolted to connection, connection shape is right-angled trapezium, and right-angle side is parallel to the ground, the hypotenuse of the other end is the installed surface of battery component, and the angular range of installed surface and assembling ground plane is between 15 ° ~ 90 °;
(3) sorting of battery component and safety detection: tested by battery component standard testing by the battery component made, screen up-to-standard, without the battery component damaged;
(4) protection of battery component: before assembling in the component string of every crosstalk pond installation insurance silk, and main gate line one end of electric current convergent belt install choked flow diode;
(5) installation of frame: frame is aluminum alloy frame, the aluminum alloy frame of battery component and support installing adopt bolt to fixedly mount mode or furniture fixedly mounts mode;
(6) setting of drainage pipeline: spill rhone low between the senior middle school of both sides is all set in mounted battery component surrounding, the width of rhone open at one end is between 1 ~ 5cm, and rhone is all fixed on support;
(7) ground connection: arrange the ground hole that diameter is 3 ~ 5mm on ground, be fixedly connected with by earth connection with earth stud, the earth connection connected extends to ground hole.
Further improvement of the present invention is: in described step (1), battery component installed surface extreme lower position is 1.0m ~ 1.2m from the altitude range in assembling place.
Further improvement of the present invention is: the bolt fixed installation mode in described step (5) is that the aluminium frame of each battery component all arranges four installing holes, long 10 ~ the 12mm of this installing hole, wide 8 ~ 10mm, adopts bolt and supporting nut to be fixed in mounting system by battery component together with spring washer, plain washer.
Further improvement of the present invention is: the fixture fixed installation mode in described step (5) is installed for adopting at least four fixtures, wherein the aluminium frame of two trapezoidal hypotenuses is every at least arranges two fixtures on one side, and each fixture is fixed in mounting system by securing member.
Further improvement of the present invention is: in described step (6), the position of rhone is compared with the low 5mm ~ 10mm in the position of battery component.
Further improvement of the present invention is: in described step (7), earth stud adopts M4 bolt, tooth form packing ring, cup type packing ring and the plain washer of being furnished with M4 nut, from bottom to top cup type packing ring, plain washer and tooth form packing ring are installed successively between M4 bolt and aluminium frame, aluminium frame is set between tooth form packing ring and M4 nut.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: first, correct addressing and suitable inclination angle ensure that higher photoelectric conversion efficiency; Secondly, increase choked flow diode and current loss can be dropped to minimum, avoid solar cell assembly to cause current loss because of the impact of reverse current; Again, adopt bolt fixed installation or the hard-wired operability of fixture comparatively strong, the stability after installation is high, extends the useful life of solar module; Finally, all arrange drainage pipeline in the surrounding of battery component, what avoid sleety weather rainwater accumulates the function effect caused battery component, gets rid of hidden danger in time, ensures the using function of battery component.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of mounting system of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-cuboid framework (1), 2-triangular pyramids (2).
Embodiment
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, technical scheme of the present invention is further described.
A kind of assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly, the method comprises the following steps: (1) selects assembling place: roof or the building of selecting overhead height 4 ~ 10m, surrounding is without trees or other barrier obstruction solar radiations, according to southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere lighting angle difference determination sensitive surface, battery component installed surface extreme lower position is 1.0m from the altitude range in assembling place;
(2) construction of mounting system: some steel plates are bolted to connection, connection shape is right-angled trapezium, and right-angle side is parallel to the ground, the hypotenuse of the other end is the installed surface of battery component, and the angular range of installed surface and assembling ground plane is between 15 ° ~ 90 °;
(3) sorting of battery component and safety detection: tested by battery component standard testing by the battery component made, screen up-to-standard, without the battery component damaged;
(4) protection of battery component: before assembling in the component string of every crosstalk pond installation insurance silk, and main gate line one end of electric current convergent belt install choked flow diode;
(5) installation of frame: frame is aluminum alloy frame, the aluminum alloy frame of battery component and support installing adopt bolt to fixedly mount mode or furniture fixedly mounts mode;
(6) setting of drainage pipeline: spill rhone low between the senior middle school of both sides is all set in mounted battery component surrounding, the width of rhone open at one end is between 1 ~ 5cm, and rhone is all fixed on support;
(7) ground connection: arrange the ground hole that diameter is 3 ~ 5mm on ground, be fixedly connected with by earth connection with earth stud, the earth connection connected extends to ground hole.
Embodiment: (1) selects assembling place: selection is highly overhead the building of 6m, surrounding avoids trees or other have dyskinetic building, guarantee the height comparatively common buildings object height assembling place, accept sufficient solar radiation, on the Northern Hemisphere, select solar module sensitive surface to install to the south, in the Southern Hemisphere, select solar module sensitive surface to install to north, (2) construction of mounting system: prepare 17 steel plates, respectively three groups of 4 length are respectively 1.5m, 1.0m, the steel plate of 1.0m is bolted on together, form the cuboid framework (1) that height is 1.0m, by remaining 1 length 1.5m on cuboid framework (1), it is 30 ° of triangle centrums (as Fig. 1) that the steel plate of 2 length 2.0m and 2 length 1.0m is bolted an angle of inclination, the bottom surface of this triangular pyramids (2) is right-angled triangle, the entirety of this mounting system is right-angled trapezium (as Fig. 1), and right-angle side is parallel to the ground, the hypotenuse of the other end is the installed surface of battery component, installed surface is 30 ° with the angle of assembling ground plane, it is the wherein one side of triangular pyramids (2), (3) sorting of battery component and safety detection: the battery component made is tested by battery component standard testing, the voltage of main test battery assembly, electric current and power, screen up-to-standard, assemble without the battery component damaged, (4) protection of battery component: before assembling in the component string of every crosstalk pond installation insurance silk, and main gate line one end of electric current convergent belt install choked flow diode, avoid solar module to be subject to impact and the damage of reverse current, (5) installation of frame: frame is aluminum alloy frame, the aluminum alloy frame of battery component and support installing adopt bolt to fixedly mount mode, this bolt fixed installation mode is that the aluminium frame of each battery component all arranges four installing holes, the long 10mm of this installing hole, wide 9mm, adopts bolt and supporting nut to be fixed in mounting system together with spring washer, plain washer by battery component, (6) setting of drainage pipeline: spill rhone low between the senior middle school of both sides is all set in mounted battery component surrounding, the width of rhone open at one end is between 3cm, rhone is all fixed on support, and the position of rhone is compared with the low 5mm in the position of battery component, (7) ground connection: the ground hole that diameter is 4mm is set on ground, earth connection is fixedly connected with earth stud, the earth connection connected extends to ground hole, earth stud adopts M4 bolt, tooth form packing ring, cup type packing ring and the plain washer of being furnished with M4 nut, from bottom to top cup type packing ring, plain washer and tooth form packing ring are installed successively between M4 bolt and aluminium frame, arrange aluminium frame between tooth form packing ring and M4 nut, tighten M4 nut, whole earth stud just firmly links together with aluminium frame.

Claims (6)

1. the assemble method of a photovoltaic solar cell assembly, it is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps: (1) selects assembling place: roof or the building of selecting overhead height 4 ~ 10m, surrounding without trees or other barrier obstruction solar radiations, according to southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere lighting angle difference determination sensitive surface;
(2) construction of mounting system: some steel plates are bolted to connection, connection shape is right-angled trapezium, and right-angle side is parallel to the ground, and the hypotenuse of the other end is the installed surface of battery component, and angle of inclination is between 90 ° ~ 180 °;
(3) sorting of battery component and safety detection: tested by battery component standard testing by the battery component made, screen up-to-standard, without the battery component damaged;
(4) protection of battery component: before assembling in the component string of every crosstalk pond installation insurance silk, and main gate line one end of electric current convergent belt install choked flow diode;
(5) installation of frame: frame is aluminum alloy frame, the aluminum alloy frame of battery component and support installing adopt bolt to fixedly mount mode or furniture fixedly mounts mode;
(6) setting of drainage pipeline: spill rhone low between the senior middle school of both sides is all set in mounted battery component surrounding, the width of rhone open at one end is between 1 ~ 5cm, and rhone is all fixed on support;
(7) ground connection: arrange the ground hole that diameter is 3 ~ 5mm on ground, be fixedly connected with by earth connection with earth stud, the earth connection connected extends to ground hole.
2. the assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (1), battery component installed surface extreme lower position is 1.0m ~ 1.2m from the altitude range in assembling place.
3. the assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bolt fixed installation mode in described step (5) is that the aluminium frame of each battery component all arranges four installing holes, long 10 ~ the 12mm of this installing hole, wide 8 ~ 10mm, adopts bolt and supporting nut to be fixed in mounting system by battery component together with spring washer, plain washer.
4. the assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the fixture fixed installation mode in described step (5) is installed for adopting at least four fixtures, wherein the aluminium frame of two trapezoidal hypotenuses is every at least arranges two fixtures on one side, and each fixture is fixed in mounting system by securing member.
5. the assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (6), the position of rhone is compared with the low 5mm ~ 10mm in the position of battery component.
6. the assemble method of photovoltaic solar cell assembly according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described step (7), earth stud adopts M4 bolt, tooth form packing ring, cup type packing ring and the plain washer of being furnished with M4 nut, from bottom to top cup type packing ring, plain washer and tooth form packing ring are installed successively between M4 bolt and aluminium frame, aluminium frame is set between tooth form packing ring and M4 nut.
CN201310570965.XA 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Assembly method of photoelectric solar modules Pending CN104638057A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310570965.XA CN104638057A (en) 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Assembly method of photoelectric solar modules

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310570965.XA CN104638057A (en) 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Assembly method of photoelectric solar modules

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104638057A true CN104638057A (en) 2015-05-20

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201478318U (en) * 2009-09-15 2010-05-19 安徽天宇太阳能电力电源有限公司 Solar panel bracket for photovoltaic system
CN101769048A (en) * 2009-01-05 2010-07-07 浙江公元太阳能科技有限公司 Automatic draining type full sealing photovoltaic building integrated roof
US20110265860A1 (en) * 2010-05-03 2011-11-03 John Ciasulli Methods and apparatuses to support photovoltaic modules
CN102867867A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-09 吴连祥 Support system for installing solar photovoltaic panel component
CN202839653U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-27 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一三研究所 Base-adjustable photovoltaic support
CN202957265U (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-05-29 新疆天和聚能光伏科技有限公司 Solar photovoltaic power generation windproof adjustable fixing support

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101769048A (en) * 2009-01-05 2010-07-07 浙江公元太阳能科技有限公司 Automatic draining type full sealing photovoltaic building integrated roof
CN201478318U (en) * 2009-09-15 2010-05-19 安徽天宇太阳能电力电源有限公司 Solar panel bracket for photovoltaic system
US20110265860A1 (en) * 2010-05-03 2011-11-03 John Ciasulli Methods and apparatuses to support photovoltaic modules
CN202957265U (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-05-29 新疆天和聚能光伏科技有限公司 Solar photovoltaic power generation windproof adjustable fixing support
CN202839653U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-27 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一三研究所 Base-adjustable photovoltaic support
CN102867867A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-09 吴连祥 Support system for installing solar photovoltaic panel component

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
常州天合光能有限公司: "《天合光能晶体硅太阳能光伏组件安装手册》", 21 May 2012, 百度文库 *

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Application publication date: 20150520