CN104635198B - Fault detection and timely energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis method - Google Patents

Fault detection and timely energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis method Download PDF

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CN104635198B
CN104635198B CN201510072364.5A CN201510072364A CN104635198B CN 104635198 B CN104635198 B CN 104635198B CN 201510072364 A CN201510072364 A CN 201510072364A CN 104635198 B CN104635198 B CN 104635198B
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power
fault
server
phase
information
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CN104635198A (en
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庄重
熊政
高晓雷
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国网江苏省电力公司常州供电公司
国网江苏省电力公司
国家电网公司
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Abstract

本发明提供种故障发现及时的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法,所用的监测诊断系统包括用电信息采集系统、通信服务器、数据收集和分析服务器、数据库服务器、业务信息服务器、Web服务器、工作站计算机和数据总线;用电信息采集系统通过通信服务器与数据收集和分析服务器传输数据;数据收集和分析服务器、数据库服务器、业务信息服务器、Web服务器和工作站计算机通过数据总线信号电连接。 The present invention provides kinds of fault detection and timely energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis method, used to monitor diagnostic system includes information collection system, a communication server, data collection and analysis server, database server, the service information server, Web server, a workstation computer, and a data bus; information collection system to collect and analyze server to transmit data via communication with the data server; data collection and analysis server, database server, the service information server, Web server and workstation computer via a data bus signal. 监测诊断方法主要包括数据采集、数据调用、分析处理、故障报警及需追补电量信息输出。 Monitoring and diagnosis methods include data collection, data calls, analysis, fault alarm information and the need for catch-up power output. 本发明提高了电能计量装置故障发现和处理的及时性,有利于提高供电单位的电能计量监测和管理水平、减少电量追补纠纷、节省大量人力物力、提高工作效率以及降损增效。 The invention improves the timeliness of energy metering device fault finding and treatment, help to improve the power supply units of measurement monitoring and management of electricity, reduce electricity shortfalls dispute, save a lot of manpower and resources, improve efficiency and loss reduction and efficiency.

Description

故障发现及时的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法 Fault detection and timely energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis method

[0001] 本发明专利申请是申请号为201210420980.1、申请日为2012年10月29日、名称为“电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统及其工作方法”的发明专利申请的分案申请。 [0001] The present invention patent application No. 201210420980.1 application, filed October 29, 2012, entitled "Energy Measurement Device remote monitoring and diagnosis system and operating method thereof," the divisional application of the present invention patent application.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及电力供电计量监测技术领域,具体涉及一种对电能计量装置运行状况进行远程监测分析诊断的系统及其工作方法。 [0002] The present invention relates to the field of power supply monitoring technology metering system and particularly relates to a method of operating conditions of work energy metering device for remote monitoring of the analysis and diagnosis.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 电力用户现场的电能计量装置通常包括互感器、二次回路和电能表。 [0003] Power user-site energy metering device generally comprises a transformer, the secondary circuit and meter. 因而,常见的电能计量装置故障相应地包括互感器故障、二次回路故障和电能表故障。 Thus, the common fault energy metering means comprises a transformer fault, secondary fault circuit fault and meter accordingly. 互感器故障一般为某一相互感器匝间短路、互感器高压熔丝断、互感器零线未接等;二次回路故障通常为接线错误、电流互感器回路重复接地、二次线断开和二次线破皮引起分流等;电能表故障常见的有停走、电能表时钟不准、电能表倒走、计度器组合误差、内存紊乱、电能表某相原件损坏以及电池超期等。 Transformer in a generally interturn short circuit phase transformers, transformer high voltage fuse blows, missed zero line transformer and the like; secondary circuit fault generally wiring error, repeat the ground loop current transformer, the secondary line is opened and a secondary break the skin caused by diversion line; meter failure common with stop and go, allowed clock meter, meter go down, damage to the original phase of a combined error counters and memory disorders, extended battery meter and the like. 此外,还有因人为因素造成的负荷超过互感器、电能表上限引起的过流、 因窃电造成的分流、失压以及因更改电能表设置和内存数字引起的电能表电量示数非正常变动等。 In addition, due to the load caused by human factors over the transformer, meter limit overcurrent caused by the shunt caused by stealing, and the loss of pressure due to change settings and memory digital meter caused by electricity power meter illustrating changes in the number of abnormal Wait.

[0004] 人为因素和绝大多数电能计量装置故障均会导致用电量的计量失准,导致事后的电量推算追补工作,甚至引起电量推补纠纷。 [0004] The vast majority of human factors and energy metering device failure will result in inaccurate metering of electricity, leading to power after the estimated catch-up work, and even cause power to push up the dispute. 目前发现用户的电能计量装置异常信息的手段主要依靠人工现场校验,人工现场校验周期至少为3个月,时间太长给差错电量的确认和追补造成困难;现场校验需要用户提供配合,且很难现场查到用户的主观性违约用电或窃电情况;同时人工现场校验费工费力。 Currently users find information means abnormal energy metering device mainly rely on manual on-site verification, artificial field calibration period of at least three months, too long to confirm the error and electricity make up cause difficulties; provide users with on-site calibration required, subjective and difficult to spot found in breach of stealing electricity or the user; at the same time labor costs and labor effort on-site verification. 目前,随着智能电网的构建、智能电表的推广和技术的不断发展,对电能计量装置的数据进行实时采集、远程对用户的电能计量装置进行监测、 对出现的异常信息实时进行诊断和处理成为可能。 Now, with the construction of the smart grid, and promote the continuous development of technology, smart meters, energy metering device for data acquisition in real-time, remote energy metering device to the user's monitor for anomalies appear to be real-time diagnosis and treatment may. 公开号为CN 101162264A、发明名称为“电能计量装置远程校验监测系统”的中国专利文献提出了一种通过远程通信对电能计量装置进行远程校验监测系统,但其对电能计量装置的各种故障、人为窃电以及对电能计量装置的故障的判定方法和追补电量的方法所述不详。 Publication No. CN 101162264A, entitled "Remote Test power measurement device monitoring system" in China Patent Document proposed various check for performing remote monitoring system for energy measurement apparatus by remote communication, but its energy metering device failure, and failure of the artificial stealing energy metering device and a method of determining the amount of the retroactive unknown.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的是:克服现有技术的不足,提供一种用于对电力用户现场电能计量装置的运行状况进行实时监测并对电能计量装置故障及窃电等异常情况及时报警且对需要追补的电量提供辅助决策的故障发现及时的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法。 [0005] The object of the present invention are: to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, there is provided a method for the user of the condition of the field of energy metering device and real-time monitoring abnormality stealing power measurement device failures and the like to give an alarm and require retroactive power to provide decision support fault detection and timely energy metering device remote monitoring and diagnosis methods.

[0006] 本发明的技术方案是:本发明所采用的电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统,其结构特点是:包括用电信息采集系统、通信服务器、数据收集和分析服务器、数据库服务器、业务信息服务器、Web服务器、工作站计算机和数据总线;上述的用电信息采集系统是一种用于实时采集电力用户的用电量以及电能计量装置电气参数和事件记录的信息采集系统;通信服务器是一种通信转接服务器;数据收集和分析服务器为内植有数据收集软件系统和分析诊断软件系统的服务器;数据库服务器为存储电能计量装置实时数据和分析判断阀值的服务器;上述的存储于数据库服务器内的电能计量装置的分析判断阀值包括断相、失压、失流、过压、过流、电压不平衡、电流不平衡、电表时钟异常、电表编程异常、有功组合误差异常、无功组合误差异常、用户停止用电、功率因数过 [0006] aspect of the present invention are: energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis system used in the present invention, which structure is characterized by: information collection system comprising a communication server, data collection and analysis server, database server, the service information server , Web server, a workstation computer and a data bus; said information collection system is a real-time acquisition information collecting system power consumption and user of electrical energy metering means for recording parameters and events; a communication is a communication server forwarding the server; data collection and analysis servers within implanted with data collection and analysis software system diagnostics software server; database server to store the energy metering device and real-time data analysis server determination threshold; said stored within the database server analysis determined the threshold energy metering device comprises a phase loss, loss of pressure, loss of flow, overvoltage, overcurrent, voltage imbalance, current imbalance, abnormal clock meter, the meter program exception, the combined error exception active, reactive combined error exception , the user stops power, power factor over 低、用电量异常减少以及用电量异常增长的分析判断阀值;业务信息服务器为存储有电力用户档案信息的服务器;上述的档案信息包括电力用户申请容量、暂停用电、电能计量装置的额定电流、额定电压参数;Web服务器为内植有Web应用子系统的服务器;工作站计算机为设置在监测中心的为用户提供操作界面和显示故障报警及追补电量数信息的PC机; Low, and the abnormal growth of abnormal reduced electricity consumption analysis threshold determination; service information server as the server stores the user profile information power; and the user profile information includes a power capacity applications, suspension of electricity, the energy metering device rated current, voltage parameters; Web server is a Web application servers within planted subsystem; workstation computer is provided to provide a user interface at the monitoring center and shows error information on the number and make up a PC power;

[0007] 上述的用电信息采集系统与通信服务器无线通信连接;通信服务器与数据收集和分析服务器通信电连接;数据收集和分析服务器、数据库服务器、业务信息服务器、Web服务器和工作站计算机通过数据总线相互间信号电连接; [0007] The information collection system of the wireless communication with the communication server is connected; a communication server connected to a data collection and analysis server communication circuit; data collection and analysis server, database server, the service information server, Web server and workstation computer via a data bus signal electrically connected with each other;

[0008] 上述的用电信息采集系统包括专变终端、集中抄表终端和RS485智能电能表;集中抄表终端、专变终端与RS485智能电能表通信连接;集中抄表终端和专变终端通过GPRS网络与上述的通信服务器通信连接;上述的专变终端、集中抄表终端和RS485智能电能表的数量根据实际需要设置。 [0008] The information collection system comprising the special transformer terminal, and the terminal RS485 centralized meter reading smart meter; concentrated reading terminal, a post-change electric meter communication terminals and RS485 intelligent connection; Automatic Meter Reading via the terminal and the terminal post-change GPRS network communication with the above communication server is connected; and the spot becomes a terminal, the terminal and the concentration meter RS485 smart meter number set as required.

[0009] 一种由上述的电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统实施的降损增效的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法,包括以下步骤: [0009] The energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis method of an embodiment of reducing losses of efficiency by the remote monitoring and diagnosis system energy metering apparatus, comprising the steps of:

[0010] ①用电信息采集系统实时采集电力用户电能表的运行数据经通信服务器传输给数据收集和分析服务器;数据收集和分析服务器通过其数据收集软件系统将接收的信息经数据总线传输给数据库服务器存储;上述的电能表的运行数据包括用电量、电压、电流、有功电量和分时段电量、峰/平/谷各时段有功/无功电量和分时段电量信息、功率因数、实时有功/无功功率、有功电量、时钟信息、编程事件信息、事件记录信息;其中对电能表的电压和电流分相采集; [0010] ① information collection system real-time data collection operation power meter user via the communication server to transmit the data collection and analysis server; information via the data bus data collection and analysis by the server will receive its data collection software system to the database storage server; operating data of the table includes power consumption, voltage, current, active power, and sub-period power, peak / square / time of each valley and active / reactive power consumption information and sub-period, power factor, real-time active / reactive power, active power, clock information, program event information, the event information is recorded; and wherein the voltage meter current component collection phase;

[0011] ②数据收集和分析服务器通过其分析诊断软件系统经数据总线调用数据库服务器存储的电能计量装置实时数据和分析判断阀值以及业务信息服务器存储的档案信息数据; [0011] ② data collection and analysis server profile information which is analyzed by a data bus diagnostic software system calls to the database server via the data stored electrical energy metering device and real-time data analysis and determination thresholds service information stored in the server;

[0012] 数据收集和分析服务器(3)调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据和电压、电流阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压和额定电流数据;电能计量装置的有功电量和峰/平/谷各时段有功电量及其相应的分析判断阀值;电能计量装置的无功电量和峰/ 平/谷各时段无功电量及其相应的分析判断阀值;电能计量装置的功率因数及其相应的分析判断阀值;电能计量装置的用电量数据以及用电量异常减少、用电量异常增长分析判断阀值;电能计量装置的时钟信息和时钟阀值;电能计量装置的编程事件信息; [0012] Data collection and analysis server (3) comprises a call data rated voltage and current data of the real-time voltage of the power measuring device, the current data and voltage, the threshold current value and a power metering device; active power and a peak power measurement device / square / trough each time their corresponding active power threshold value determination analysis; reactive power and a peak power measurement device / level / time of each valley and the corresponding reactive power threshold value determination analysis; power factor of the power measurement device analysis determines its corresponding threshold; consumption data and energy metering device abnormality reduce energy consumption, consumption growth analysis abnormality determination threshold value; clock and clock threshold energy metering device; programming energy metering device event information;

[0013] ③数据收集和分析服务器通过其分析诊断软件系统对电能计量装置的实时数据、 分析判断阀值以及档案信息进行综合处理分析,判断各实时数据是否超过其相应的阀值; 若未超过阀值,判定电能计量装置工作正常;若超过阀值,先判断是否为需要计算追补电量的故障:若是,则自动计算电量更正系数并算出需追补的电量数后,将需追补的电量数连同故障名称和报警信息经数据总线传输给工作站计算机;若否,则将故障名称和报警信息经数据总线传输给工作站计算机; [0013] ③ data collection and data analysis server that analyzes real-time diagnostic software system energy metering device, and a threshold analysis to determine a comprehensive profile information analysis processing, it is determined whether each real-time data exceeds the corresponding threshold; if not exceeded threshold value, determining the energy metering device is working properly; if it exceeds the threshold value, to judge whether to need to calculate the retroactive power failure: the number of power after if yes, automatically calculated amount correction coefficient and calculating the number of power required to make up and will need to make up together name of the fault and alarm information transmitted via the data bus to a computer workstation; if not, then the name of the fault and alarm information transmitted via the data bus to a computer workstation;

[0014] 若某一电能计量装置的某相电压低于60%额定电压,同时负荷电流小于0.5%额定电流,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生断相故障; 然后判定断相故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的断相故障为断一相、两相或三相故障:如判定为只断一相故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为断两相故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为三相全断故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0014] If a phase voltage of a power measurement device is less than 60% of the rated voltage, while the load current is less than 0.5% of the rated current, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device off phase fault occurs ; then determined phase failure fault is required retroactive power failure; and then determining phase failure fault is off one phase, two phase or three-phase fault: If it is determined that only off a phase failure, the need to make up copy see a number of charge / 2 number of electricity along with name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer; if the judgment is oFF two phase fault, the need to make up copy see twice the number of electric quantity of electricity along with the name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer; as it is determined that a three-phase full cut fault, then the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0015]若某一电能计量装置的某相电流大于0.5%额定电流、电压低于78%额定电压,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生失压故障;然后判定失压故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的失压故障为一相失压、两相失压或三相失压故障:如判定为一相失压故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为两相失压故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为三相失压故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0015] If a phase current of a power measurement device is greater than 0.5% of the rated current, the voltage is less than 78% of the rated voltage, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server determines that the loss of pressure energy metering device malfunction occurs; and determining pressure loss fault is required retroactive power failure; and then determining the loss of pressure failure is a loss of pressure, two-phase loss of pressure or three-phase pressure loss fault: If it is determined that a loss of pressure failure, the need to make up copy see electric quantity 1/2 amount together with the number and name of the fault alarm information to the computer workstation; if it is determined that a two-phase fault loss of pressure, the need to make up copy see twice the number along with the amount of electricity fault number and name information to the warning station by a computer; a three-phase fault is determined that the loss of pressure, the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0016]若某一电能计量装置的三相电压均大于60%额定电压、三相电流中任一相或两相小于0 • 5%额定电流且其他相线负荷电流大于5%额定电流,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生失流故障;然后判定失流故障为需追补电量故障; 接着判定发生的失流故障为一相失流、两相失流或三相失流故障:如判定为一相失流故障, 将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为两相失流故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为三相失流故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0016] When the voltage of a three-phase power measurement device is greater than 60% of the rated voltage, phase current of 5% of the rated current of any one or two phases is less than 0 • 5% of rated load current and the phase current is greater than the other, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device occurs stall fault; then determined stall fault is required retroactive power failure; next determined stall fault is a phase current loss, two-phase loss of flow, or stall-phase fault: If it is determined that a stall-phase fault, the need to make up 1/2 of the number of copy see power consumption, together with the number and name of the fault alarm information to the computer workstation; if it is determined that a two-phase fault current loss, will need retroactive copy see power digital number twice the amount together with the name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer; as it is determined that a three-phase stall fault, then the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive power information along fault name and alarm information to the station computer;

[0017]若某一电能计量装置的某相电压大于120%额定电压,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生过压故障,且判定过压故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0017] If a voltage of a power measurement device with more than 120% of rated voltage, data collection and analysis server determines failure of the electric energy measuring means pressure occurred, and it is determined overvoltage fault non-retroactive power failure; and the name of the fault alarm output information is transmitted to a computer workstation;

[0018] 若某一电能计量装置的某相电流大于120%额定电流,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生过流故障,且判定过流故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0018] If a phase current of a power measurement device is greater than 120% of rated current, data collection and analysis server determines failure of the energy flow through the metering device occurs, and it is determined overcurrent fault non-retroactive power failure; and the name of the fault alarm output information is transmitted to a computer workstation;

[0019] 若某一电能计量装置的三相电压中任一相或两相电压超出±30%额定电压,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生电压不平衡故障,且判定电压不平衡故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0019] If a three-phase voltage energy metering device according to any of one or two phases voltage exceeds ± 30% of rated voltage, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device voltage imbalance fault occurs, and a voltage imbalance fault determination non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0020] 若某一电能计量装置的三相电流中任一相或两相电流超出±30%额定电流,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生电流不平衡故障,且判定电流不平衡故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0020] If any one of a three-phase current power metering device or a two-phase phase current exceeds the rated current of ± 30%, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device unbalanced fault current occurs, and the current imbalance fault determination non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0021] 若某一电能计量装置的有功电量与其峰/平/谷各时段有功电量之和的误差超过1 度电,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生有功组合误差故障,且判定有功组合误差故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0021] If the active power and the active power of a metering device and the peak energy / level / valley more than one error each time period of electricity, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device combined error occurrence active fault, and determination of active combined error fault non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0022] 若某一电能计量装置的无功电量与其峰/平/谷各时段无功电量之和的误差超过1 千乏时,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生无功组合误差故障,且判定无功组合误差故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0022] If the reactive energy and a peak energy metering device and its / level / time of each valley reactive power of more than one error kvar, data collection and analysis server determines the occurrence of a reactive power measurement device combined error fault and determining a non-reactive composition fault error retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0023]若某一电能计量装置的任一相或两相月平均功率因数低于0.5,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生功率因数过低故障,且判定功率因素过低故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0023] When a power measurement device according to any one or two-phase power factor of less than 0.5 on average, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device failure occurs low power factor, power factor is too low and it is determined non-fault retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0024]若某一电能计量装置本次用电量相比上次减少超过50%,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置用电量异常减少;若某一电能计量装置本次抄见用电量相比上次增长超过100%,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置用电量异常增长;且判定用电量异常减少和用电量异常增长故障为非追补电量故障;数据收集和分析服务器输出相应的报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0024] When a power measurement device of this last more than 50% reduction, data collection and analysis server determines abnormality of the power measurement device reduces electricity consumption compared; if a power measurement device with this copy see power increase of over 100% compared with the previous data collection and analysis server determines that the abnormal increase of energy consumption metering apparatus; and determining an abnormal consumption power is reduced and the abnormal growth of non-retroactive power failure fault; data collection and analysis server output corresponding alarm information to the computer workstation;

[0025]若某一电能计量装置的时钟误差大于5分钟,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生时钟异常故障,且判定时钟异常故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; [0025] If the clock error of an energy metering device is greater than 5 minutes, data collection and analysis server determines the energy metering device failure abnormality occurs clock, and the clock abnormality determination non-retroactive power failure fault; fault output alarm information to the name and computer workstation;

[0026]若某一电能计量装置的编程次数大于1次,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生编程异常故障,且判定编程异常故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机。 [0026] When programming a frequency greater than the energy metering device 1, data collection and analysis of the energy metering device server determines abnormality occurs programming failure, and a failure determination program abnormal non retroactive power failure; output fault information to the alarm names and workstation computer.

[0027]本发明具有积极的效果:(1)本发明所采用的电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统通过采集电力用户电能计量装置运行的相关数据,自动判定断相、失压、失流、过压、过流、电压不平衡、电流不平衡、有功组合误差异常、无功组合误差异常、功率因数过低、用电量异常减少、用电量异常增长、电表时钟异常、电表编程异常等电能计量装置的故障,自动输出故障名称和报警信息并对需要计算追补电量的故障同时自动输出需追补的电量数,较大幅度地提高了电能计量装置故障发现和处理的及时性,提高了电能计量管理水平,可大幅度地减少电量追补纠纷、减少供电公司的经济损失,提高供电企业经济效益和管理现代化水平。 [0027] The present invention has a positive effect: energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis system used in (1) of the present invention is by collecting the relevant data device operating power users energy metering, automatic determination phase failure, loss of pressure, loss of flow, overvoltage , overcurrent, voltage imbalance, current imbalance, combined error exception active, reactive combined error exception, low power factor, to reduce the power consumption anomaly, the abnormal growth of consumption, the meter clock abnormality, abnormality programmed energy metering meters troubles in the apparatus, automatically output a fault name and alarm information and the need to calculate the fault retroactive power while automatically output electric quantity required to make up, more significantly improve the timeliness of the power measurement device fault detection and treatment, to improve the energy measurement management level, can greatly reduce power shortfalls disputes and to reduce the power company's economic losses and improve economic efficiency of enterprises and supply management modernization. (2)本发明的监测诊断方法代替传统的人工现场故障检测校验和人工计算追补电量等工作,节省大量的人力物力,减轻了劳动强度,提高了工作效率,有利于降损增效。 (2) monitoring the diagnostic method of the present invention to replace the traditional manual checksum field fault detection and manual calculation, etc. retroactive power, save a lot of manpower and resources, reduce labor intensity and improve work efficiency, reducing losses beneficial efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0028]图1为本发明所采用的电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统的结构示意图; Structure of remote monitoring and diagnosis system of the present invention, the energy metering device employed in [0028] FIG. 1 is a schematic;

[0029]图2为图1中的用电信息采集系统的结构示意图,图中还显示了其与图丨中的通信服务器的无线通信连接关系; [0029] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of FIG. 1 in the information collection system, which is also shown connected to the wireless communication of FIG Shu in communication with the server relationship;

[0030] 图3为本发明的流程图。 [0030] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of the present invention.

[0031] 上述附图中的附图标记如下: [0031] The reference numerals in the drawings as follows:

[0032]用电信息采集系统1,通信服务器2,数据收集和分析服务器3,数据库服务器4,业务信息服务器5,Web服务器6,工作站计算机7,数据总线8。 [0032] The information collection system 1, the communication server 2, data collection and analysis server 3, the database server 4, the service information server 5, Web server 6, a workstation computer 7, the data bus 8.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0033](实施例1) [0033] (Example 1)

[0034] 见图1,本实施例的故障发现及时的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法,采用电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统实施,该系统由用电信息采集系统1、通信服务器2、数据收集和分析服务器3、数据库服务器4、业务信息服务器5、Web服务器6、工作站计算机7和数据总线8组成。 [0034] Figure 1, the present embodiment of the fault detection and timely energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis method using energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis system embodiment, the system 1 by the information collection system, a communication server 2, the data collection and analysis server 3, the database server 4, the service information server 5, Web server 6, a workstation computer and a data bus 8 7 composition.

[0035] 用电信息采集系统1设置在电力用户现场;通信服务器2、数据收集和分析服务器3、数据库服务器4、业务信息服务器5、Web服务器6、工作站计算机7和数据总线8均设置在配电网监测中心。 [0035] The information collection system 1 is provided in the power consumer site; communication server 2, data collection and analysis server 3, the database server 4, the service information server 5, Web server 6, the computer workstation 7 and a data bus 8 are provided with grid monitoring Center.

[0036] 用电信息采集系统1与通信服务器2无线通信连接;通信服务器2与数据收集和分析服务器3通信电连接;数据收集和分析服务器3、数据库服务器4、业务信息服务器5、Web服务器6和工作站计算机7通过数据总线8相互间信号电连接。 [0036] The information collection system 1 is connected wirelessly communicate with the communication server 2; communication server 2 is electrically connected to the third communication data collection and analysis server; data collection and analysis server 3, the database server 4, the service information server 5, Web server 6 7 and workstation computers to each other via a data bus signal 8.

[0037] 见图2,用电信息采集系统1是一种用于实时采集电力用户的用电量以及电能计量装置电气参数和事件记录的信息采集系统;本实施例中,用电信息采集系统1由专变终端、 集中抄表终端和RS485智能电能表组成;专变终端为用电大户专门设置,集中抄表终端为普通用户设置;专变终端和集中抄表终端均具有本地通信和通过GPRS网络远程无线通信功能;专变终端和集中抄表终端均分别与电力用户的RS485智能电能表通信连接;专变终端和集中抄表终端均分别通过GPRS网络通信服务器2通信连接;专变终端、集中抄表终端和RS485智能电能表的数量根据实际需要设置。 [0037] Figure 2, an information collection system is a real-time acquisition and consumption of electricity users of electrical energy metering device parameters and events for recording information collection system; embodiment according to the present embodiment, the information collection system 1 becomes a dedicated terminal, the terminal and the concentration meter smart meter RS485 composition; post-change electric terminal is provided exclusively large, concentrated reading terminal is set to the average user; post-change and concentrated reading terminals have terminal by local communication, and GPRS network remote wireless communication function; post-change terminals and RS485 are concentrated reading terminals are connected to the smart meter communication power users; post-change concentrated reading terminal and terminal 2 are respectively connected to a communication server via GPRS network communication; post-change terminal , the number of terminals and RS485 centralized meter reading smart meter according to actual needs.

[0038] 用电信息采集系统1实时采集电力用户电能表的运行数据。 [0038] The information collection system 1 user real-time data collection operation electricity energy meter. 其采集的电能表的运行数据包括用电量、电压、电流、有功电量和分时段电量、峰/平/谷各时段有功/无功电量和分时段电量信息、功率因数、实时有功/无功功率、有功电量、时钟信息、编程事件信息、事件记录信息;用电信息采集系统1对电能表的电压和电流实行分相采集。 Collecting operational data which meter comprises electricity, voltage, current, active power, and sub-period power, peak / square / time of each valley and active / reactive power consumption information and sub-period, power factor, real-time active / reactive power, active power, clock information, program event information, the event information is recorded; voltage and current information collection system 1 meter implementation phase acquisition.

[0039] 通信服务器2是一种通信转接服务器。 [0039] The communication server 2 is a server communications adapter. 通信服务器2通过无线信道接收用电信息采集系统1发送的电力用户电能表的实时运行数据,经光缆有线传输给数据收集和分析服务器3。 The communication server 2 receives the wireless channel information collection system power meter user's real-time operation of the data transmitted, via a wired transmission cable to a data collection and analysis server 3.

[0040] 数据收集和分析服务器3为内植有专门设计的数据收集软件系统和分析诊断软件系统的服务器;数据收集和分析服务器3通过数据收集软件系统收集用电信息采集系统1经由通信服务器2传输的电力用户电能表的实时运行数据并数据发送给数据库服务器4存储; 数据收集和分析服务器3通过其分析诊断软件系统调用数据库服务器4和业务信息服务器5 内存储的数据对电能计量装置进行监测和对各种故障、异常现象进行诊断分析并做出相应的处理,发现用户电能计量装置故障或出现异常现象时发出报警信息并对一些需要追补电量的故障提出应当追补的电量数等相应的辅助决策。 [0040] Data collection and analysis server 3 is a server within implanted with data collection and analysis software system diagnostics software system designed; data collection and analysis software server 3 through the data collection system for collecting information collection system 1 via the communication server 2 real-time operation data of power user meter transmission and data sent to the database server 4 stores; electrical energy metering device monitoring data collection and analysis server 3 call data in the database server 4 and the service information server 5 stores by its analysis and diagnosis software and a variety of failures, anomalies diagnostic analysis and make the appropriate treatment, find the alarm information and that require retroactive power failure raised the number of power should be retroactive and so when the corresponding auxiliary device failure or abnormal phenomenon user energy metering decision making.

[0041] 数据库服务器4是用于存储电能计量装置实时数据和分析判断阀值的服务器;数据库服务器4内存储的电能计量装置的分析判断阀值包括断相、失压、失流、过压、过流、电压不平衡、电流不平衡、电表时钟异常、电表编程异常、有功组合误差异常、无功组合误差异常、用户停止用电、功率因数过低、用电量异常减少以及用电量异常增长等故障或异常现象的相应的分析判断阀值;数据库服务器4通过数据总线8接收数据收集和分析服务器3传输的电力用户电能表的实时运行数据予以存储,并接受数据收集和分析服务器3的数据调用。 [0041] The database server 4 for storing electrical energy metering device is a real-time data analysis and threshold value determination server; analysis determined threshold energy metering device database server 4 comprises a storage phase loss, loss of pressure, loss of flow, over-voltage, overcurrent, voltage imbalance, current imbalance, abnormal clock meter, the meter program exception, the combined error exception active, reactive combined error exception, the user stops power, low power factor, power consumption and reduced power consumption abnormal abnormality analysis determines the corresponding threshold fault or abnormal growth; a database server 4 operating in real-time data collection and analysis of power meter user's server 3 to be transmitted through the data bus 8 received data storage, data collection and analysis and acceptance server 3 data calls.

[0042] 业务信息服务器5是用于存储电力用户的档案信息的服务器;其存储的档案信息包括电力用户申请容量信息、用户暂停用电用电信息以及电能计量装置的额定电流、额定电压等技术参数;业务信息服务器5通过数据总线8接受数据收集和分析服务器3的数据调用。 [0042] The service information server 5 is a server for storing the power of the user's profile information; storing the profile information which includes a power request capacity information of the user, the user pauses the rated current, rated voltage electric power information technology and energy metering device parameter; service information server 5 via the data bus to accept 8 data collection and data analysis server 3 calls.

[0043] Web服务器6为内植有的服务器。 [0043] Web server 6 within some plant server. Web应用子系统的应用发布部分为B/S结构,开发平台应用企业模块J2EE开发工具,使用JAVA语言开发,运用如Struts2、Spring等多种主流框架技术以提高优化系统性能,页面显示层采用AJAX技术,通过异步模式,优化浏兄器和服务器之间的传输,减少不必要的数据往返,以减少带宽占用。 Application of the Web publishing application subsystem for B / S structure, application development platform for enterprise J2EE development tool module, using JAVA language development, the use of Struts2, Spring and other mainstream technologies such as framework to improve system performance optimization, the page display layer using AJAX technology, the asynchronous mode, the Liu brother optimize transmission between the server and reduce unnecessary data to and from, in order to reduce bandwidth. Web应用子系统具备基本应用、 高级应用、运行管理、统计查询、系统管理等功能。 Web application subsystem with basic applications, advanced applications, operational management, statistical queries, system management functions. Web应用系统支撑系统的自动运行,并使配电网监测中心的工作人员能够通过工作站计算机7方便地操作使用本实施例的电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统。 Web application system automatic operation support systems, and power distribution monitoring center staff can easily operate the electric energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis system of the present embodiment by using a computer workstation 7.

[0044] 工作站计算机7为常见的PC机。 [0044] 7 is a common workstation computer PC. 工作站计算机7为配电网监测中心的工作人员提供操作平台。 7 provides a workstation computer operating platform for staff distribution network monitoring center. 而且,工作站计算机7还能通过数据总线8实时接收数据收集和分析服务器3传输的显故障及报警信息并予以显示,方便工作人员实时监测配电网的运行状态。 Further, a workstation computer 7 through the data bus 8 can also receive real-time data collection and analysis server 3 explicit fault and alarm information to be displayed and transmitted, to facilitate real-time monitoring staff operating state of the distribution network. 工作站计算机7的数量和根据需要设置,通过数据总线8能方便地接入系统。 7 the number of workstations and computers provided as necessary, through the data bus 8 can easily access system.

[0045] 数据总线8用于将数据收集和分析服务器3、数据库服务器4、业务信息服务器5、 ffeb服务器6和工作站计算机7相互间连接在一起。 [0045] The data bus 8 for connecting with each other 7 data collection and analysis server 3, the database server 4, the service information server 5, ffeb server 6 and workstation computers.

[0046] 参见图3,本实施例的故障发现及时的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法,主要包括以下步骤: [0046] Referring to Figure 3, the present embodiment of the fault detection and timely monitoring of the energy metering apparatus remote diagnostic method includes the following steps:

[0047] ①用电信息采集系统1实时采集电力用户电能表的运行数据经通信服务器2传输给数据收集和分析服务器3;数据收集和分析服务器3通过其数据收集软件系统将接收的信息经数据总线8传输给数据库服务器4存储;所述的电能表的运行数据包括用电量、电压、电流、有功电量和分时段电量、峰/平/谷各时段有功/无功电量和分时段电量信息、功率因数、 实时有功/无功功率、有功电量、时钟信息、编程事件信息、事件记录信息;其中对电能表的电压和电流分相采集; [0047] ① information collection system 1 user real-time data collection operation power meter 2 via the communication server to transmit the data collection and analysis server 3; information via the data collection and analysis server 3 which received by data collection software system 8 bus transmitted to the database server 4 stores; operational data of the meter comprises active electrical energy, voltage, current, active power, and sub-period power, peak / square / time of each valley / reactive energy consumption information and sub-period , power factor, real-time active / reactive power, active power, clock information, program event information, the event information is recorded; and wherein the voltage meter current component collection phase;

[0048] ②数据收集和分析服务器3通过其分析诊断软件系统经数据总线8调用数据库服务器4存储的电能计量装置实时数据和分析判断阀值以及业务信息服务器5存储的档案信数据; [0048] ② Data collection and analysis server 3 via a data bus power measurement device 8 to call the database server 4 stores the real time data analysis and determination threshold value and the service information server 5 stores the channel data file by analyzing its diagnostic software system;

[0049] ③数据收集和分析服务器3通过其分析诊断软件系统对电能计量装置的实时数据、分析判断阀值以及档案信息进行综合处理分析,判断各实时数据是否超过其相应的阀值;若未超过阀值,判定电能计量装置工作正常;若超过阀值,先判断是否为需要计算追补电量的故障:若是,则自动计算电量更正系数并算出需追补的电量数后,将需追补的电量数连同故障名称和报警信息经数据总线8传输给工作站计算机7;若否,则将故障名称和报警信息经数据总线8传输给工作站计算机7。 [0049] ③ data collection and data analysis server 3 via which the real-time analysis system diagnostic software of energy metering device, and a threshold analysis to determine a comprehensive profile information analysis processing, it is determined whether each real-time data exceeds the corresponding threshold; if not exceeds the threshold value, determining the energy metering device is working properly; if it exceeds the threshold value, to judge whether the calculated required retroactive failure of electricity: after if so, automatically calculate power correction coefficients and calculates the required make up the number of electricity, would require make up of the electric quantity along with the name of the fault and alarm information via the data transmission bus 8 to a computer workstation 7; if not, then the name of the fault and alarm information transmitted via the data bus 8 to a workstation computer 7.

[0050] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②和步骤③对电力用户的电能计量装置进行实时监测和诊断,对各种故障和异常现象自动进行相应的处理: [0050] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the foregoing steps ② and ③ step of the user's power energy metering device for real-time monitoring and diagnosis, appropriate treatment of the various failures and anomalies automatically:

[0051] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据和电压、电流阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压和额定电流数据; [0051] The data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding call comprises the steps ② rated voltage and current data in real time voltage of the power measuring device, the current data and voltage, and the current threshold energy metering device;

[0052] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据与其相应的阀值以及额定电压和额定电流数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的某相电压低于60%额定电压,同时负荷电流小于0.5%额定电流,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生断相故障;然后判定断相故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的断相故障为断一相、两相或三相故障:如判定为只断一相故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7;如判定为断两相故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7;如判定为三相全断故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0052] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the real-time voltage step ③ the energy metering device, the current data and its corresponding threshold rated voltage and rated current of the data analysis process: If a voltage of one phase of the power measurement device less than 60% of rated voltage, while the load current is less than 0.5% of the rated current, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the power measurement device occurs off-phase fault; then determining phase-fault is a need to catch up power failure; then it is determined for phase failure fault off one, two or three-phase fault: If it is determined that only one phase-off failure, the need to make up 1/2 of the number of copy see power consumption, together with the number and name of the fault information to the alarm station the computer 7; off as a two-phase fault is determined, the need to make up copy see twice the number along with the amount of electricity fault number and name information to the workstation computer alarm 7; full cut such as a three-phase fault is determined, then the output should be doing by actual retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0053]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据和电压、电流阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压和额定电流数据; [0053] The data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding call comprises the steps ② rated voltage and current data in real time voltage of the power measuring device, the current data and voltage, and the current threshold energy metering device;

[0054]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据与其相应的阀值以及额定电压和额定电流数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的某相电流大于0.5%额定电流、电压低于78%额定电压,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生失压故障;然后判定失压故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的失压故障为一相失压、两相失压或三相失压故障:如判定为一相失压故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7;如判定为两相失压故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7;如判定为三相失压故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0054] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the real-time voltage step ③ the energy metering device, the current data and its corresponding threshold rated voltage and rated current data analysis: if a phase current of a power measurement device more than 0.5% of rated current, the voltage is less than 78% of the rated voltage, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the power measurement device occurs loss of pressure failure; and determining the loss of pressure failure is required retroactive power failure; and then determining loss of pressure failure is a loss of pressure, loss of pressure two-phase or three-phase fault pressure loss: it is determined as a loss of pressure failure, the need to make up 1/2 of the number of copy see electricity power failure name and number information together with alarm transmitted to the workstation computer 7; if it is determined that the two-phase pressure loss failure, the need to make up copy see twice the number of electric quantity of electricity along with the name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer 7; if it is determined that a three-phase loss of pressure failure, the output artificial actual situation should retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0055]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据和电压、电流阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压和额定电流数据; [0055] The data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding call comprises the steps ② rated voltage and current data in real time voltage of the power measuring device, the current data and voltage, and the current threshold energy metering device;

[0056]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的电压、电流实时数据与其相应的阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压和额定电流数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的三相电压均大于60%额定电压、三相电流中任一相或两相小于0.5%额定电流且其他相线负荷电流大于5%额定电流,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生失流故障;然后判定失流故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的失流故障为一相失流、两相失流或三相失流故障:如判定为一相失流故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7;如判定为两相失流故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7;如判定为三相失流故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同 [0056] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ③ the energy metering device voltage, current, real-time data and its corresponding threshold rated voltage and rated current energy metering device data analysis process: If a power measurement device the three phase voltages are greater than 60% of the rated voltage, phase current of any one or two phases, and less than 0.5% of the rated current of the other phase current is greater than 5% of rated load current, and a duration greater than 1 minute, the server data collection and analysis 3 determines that the power measurement device occurs stall fault; then determined stall fault is required retroactive power failure; next determined stall fault is a phase current loss, two-phase loss of flow or three-phase current loss fault: if the judgment is a phase stall fault, the need to make up copy see 1/2 digital electric quantity of electricity along with the name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer 7; if it is determined that two phases stall fault, the need to make up copy see the number of power 2 times amount along with the name and number of fault alarm information to the computer workstation 7; stall as a three-phase fault is determined, then the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive charge information together with 故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 Name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0057]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压数据和电压阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压数据; [0057] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding steps ② called real-time data comprises nominal voltage data and voltage data and voltage threshold energy metering device energy metering device;

[0058]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的电压实时数据与其相应的阀值以及额定电压数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的某相电压大于12〇% 额定电压,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生过压故障,且判定过压故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0058] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ③ the real-time data voltage energy metering device and its respective nominal voltage threshold data analysis: a phase voltage if the power measurement device is greater than a% of the rated 12〇 voltage, the data collection and analysis server 3 determines failure of the electric energy measuring means pressure occurred, and it is determined overvoltage fault non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0059]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电流数据和电流阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电流数据; [0059] The data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ② of the rated current call comprises real-time data and the current data and the current threshold energy metering device energy metering device;

[0060]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的实时电流数据与其相应的阀值以及额定电流数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的某相电流大于120% 额定电流,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生过流故障,且判定过流故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0060] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the real-time current step ③ the energy metering device data corresponding thereto, and the rated current threshold data analysis: If a phase current of a power measurement device is greater than 120% of rated current , data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the current fault occurred energy metering device, and it is determined overcurrent fault non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0061]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压数据和电压阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电压数据; [0061] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding steps ② called real-time data comprises nominal voltage data and voltage data and voltage threshold energy metering device energy metering device;

[0062] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的实时电压数据与其相应的阀值以及额定电压数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的三相电压中任一相或两相电压超出±30%额定电压,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生电压不平衡故障,且判定电压不平衡故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0062] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the real-time voltage step ③ the energy metering device data corresponding thereto, and the rated voltage threshold data analysis: if a three-phase voltage energy metering device according to any one phase or two-phase voltage exceeds the rated voltage ± 30%, the data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the voltage of the energy metering device unbalanced fault occurs, and a determination voltage imbalance fault non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer 7 .

[0063] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电流数据和电流阀值以及电能计量装置的额定电流数据; [0063] The data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ② of the rated current call comprises real-time data and the current data and the current threshold energy metering device energy metering device;

[0064] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的实时电流数据与其相应的阀值以及额定电流数据进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的二相电流中任一相或两相电流超出±30%额定电流,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生电流不平衡故障,且判定电流不平衡故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0064] Data collection and analysis server 3 ③ current real-time data with its corresponding energy metering device and the rated current threshold data were analyzed according to the preceding process steps: If a one-phase two-phase current energy metering device according to any or two-phase current exceeds the rated current of ± 30%, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the power measurement device unbalanced fault current occurs, and a non-fault current unbalance is determined retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer 7 .

[0065] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的有功电量和峰/平/谷各时段有功电量及其相应的分析判断阀值; [0065] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding call data comprises the steps ② active power and a peak power measurement device / level / time of each valley and its corresponding active power threshold value determination analysis;

[0066] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的有功电量与该电能计量装置的峰/平/谷各时段有功电量及其相应阀值进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的有功电量与其峰/平/谷各时段有功电量之和的误差超过1度电,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生有功组合误差故障,且判定有功组合误差故障为非追补电量故障; 输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0066] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ③ the peak / active power level of the energy metering device energy metering means / trough each time their corresponding active power threshold for evaluation: If a certain energy measurement and the active energy of the active power device and the peak / square / trough each time error of more than one unit of electricity, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the power measurement device occurs active combined error fault, and determination of active compositions error fault non-retroactive power fault; fault name output and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0067] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的无功电量和峰/平/谷各时段无功电量及其相应的分析判断阀值; [0067] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding call data comprises the steps ② energy metering device, and a peak of reactive energy / level / time of each valley and the corresponding reactive power threshold value determination analysis;

[0068] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的无功电量与该电能计量装置的峰/平/谷各时段无功电量及其相应阀值进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的无功电量与其峰/平/谷各时段无功电量之和的误差超过1千乏时,数据收集和分析服务器3 判定该电能计量装置发生无功组合误差故障,且判定无功组合误差故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0068] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ③ the peak / reactive energy level of the energy metering device energy metering means / trough of each period and the corresponding reactive power threshold for evaluation: If a certain and when the reactive power energy metering device and the peak / square / trough each time the reactive power of the error over one kvar, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the power measurement device occurs reactive combined error fault, and determination of reactive combined error fault non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0069] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的功率因数及其相应的分析判断阀值; [0069] Data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding call step ② of energy metering device comprises a power factor and a corresponding determination threshold analysis;

[0070] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的功率因数与其相应的分析判断阀值进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的任一相或两相月平均功率因数低于0.5,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生功率因数过低故障,且判定功率因素过低故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0070] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ③ the power factor of the energy metering device with its corresponding analysis determines a threshold value analysis: If any phase of a low energy metering device monthly or two-phase average power factor 0.5, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the power measurement device failure occurs low power factor, power factor is too low and it is determined non-retroactive power failure fault; fault name output and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0071] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的用电量数据以及用电量异常减少、用电量异常增长分析判断阀值; [0071] The data collection and data analysis server 3 according to the preceding call step ② quantity data comprises energy metering device and an abnormality reduce energy consumption, consumption growth analysis abnormality determination threshold value;

[0072] 数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置本次采集周期内用电量数据与上次用电量数据以及相应的判断阀值进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置本次用电量相比上次减少超过50%,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置用电量异常减少;若某一电能计量装置本次抄见用电量相比上次增长超过1〇〇%,数据收集和分析服务器3 判定该电能计量装置用电量异常增长;且判定用电量异常减少和用电量异常增长故障为非追补电量故障;数据收集和分析服务器3输出相应的报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0072] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding process step ③ will be analyzed within this power measurement device acquisition cycle electricity consumption data with the previous data and the corresponding determination threshold value: If a power measurement device the power consumption more than 50% reduction compared to the previous data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the abnormality energy metering device power is reduced; if a power measurement device of this copy see electricity compared to the previous increase of more than 1〇〇%, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the abnormal increase of energy consumption metering apparatus; and determining an abnormal consumption power is reduced and the abnormal growth of non-retroactive power failure fault; data collection and analysis server 3 corresponding output the alarm information is transmitted to the workstation computer 7.

[0073]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的时钟信息和时钟阀值,时钟阀值也即标准时钟值; [0073] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding call step ② of energy metering device comprises a data clock and clock threshold, i.e. the standard clock clock threshold value;

[0074]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的时钟信息与时钟阀值进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的时钟误差大于5分钟,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生时钟异常故障,且判定时钟异常故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0074] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding step ③ the clock information from the clock threshold energy metering device analyzing and processing: if the clock error of an energy metering device is greater than 5 minutes, data collection and analysis server 3 determines that the energy metering device failure abnormality occurs clock, and the clock abnormality determination non-retroactive power failure fault; fault name output and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0075]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤②调用的数据包括电能计量装置的编程事件信息; [0075] Data collection and data analysis server 3 in step ② of the preceding program invocation comprises energy metering device event information;

[0076]数据收集和分析服务器3按照前述的步骤③将电能计量装置的编程事件信息与其相应的阀值进行分析处理:若某一电能计量装置的编程次数大于1次,数据收集和分析服务器3判定该电能计量装置发生编程异常故障,且判定编程异常故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机7。 [0076] Data collection and analysis server 3 according to the preceding steps a program event information ③ energy metering device with its corresponding threshold value for analysis: a server 3 if the number of program energy metering device is greater than 1, data collection and analysis the energy metering means determines the occurrence of exceptions and failures, and the failure determination exceptions and non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation 7.

[0077]以上实施例是对本发明的具体实施方式的说明,而非对本发明的限制,有关技术领域的技术人员在不脱离本发明的精神和范围的情况下,还可以做出各种变换和变化而得到相对应的等同的技术方案,因此所有等同的技术方案均应该归入本发明的专利保护范围。 [0077] The above embodiments are illustrative of specific embodiments of the present invention, not to limit the present invention, those skilled in the relevant art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes may be made and also change equivalent technical solutions obtained corresponding, all equivalent technical solutions are to be included in the scope of the present patent disclosure.

Claims (1)

1. 一种故障发现及时的电能计量装置远程监测诊断方法,其特征在于:采用电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统实施,所述的电能计量装置远程监测诊断系统包括用电信息采集系统(1)、通信服务器(2)、数据收集和分析服务器(3)、数据库服务器(4)、业务信息服务器(5)、Web服务器(6)、工作站计算机(7)和数据总线(8);所述的用电信息采集系统(1)是一种用于实时采集电力用户的用电量以及电能计量装置电气参数和事件记录的信息采集系统; 通信服务器(2)是一种通信转接服务器;数据收集和分析服务器(3)为内植有数据收集软件系统和分析诊断软件系统的服务器;数据库服务器(4)为存储电能计量装置实时数据和分析判断阈值的服务器;所述的存储于数据库服务器(4)内的电能计量装置的分析判断阈值包括断相、失压、失流、过压、过流、电压不平衡、电流不平衡、电 1. A fault detection and timely monitoring of the energy metering apparatus remote diagnostic method, comprising: using energy metering apparatus remote monitoring and diagnosis system embodiments, the energy metering means comprises a system of remote monitoring and diagnosis information collection system (1), communication server (2), data collection and analysis servers (3), the database server (4), service information server (5), Web server (6), a workstation computer (7) and a data bus (8); with the electric information acquisition system (1) is a real-time acquisition and consumption of electricity users of electrical energy metering device parameters and events for recording information collection system; communication server (2) is a communication adapter server; data collection and analysis server (3) within implanted with server data collection software system and analyze the diagnostic software system; server (4) to store the energy metering device and real data analysis determination threshold value in the database server; according stored in the database server (4) analysis determination threshold value in the energy metering device comprises a phase loss, loss of pressure, loss of flow, overvoltage, overcurrent, voltage imbalance, current imbalance, electrical 时钟异常、电表编程异常、 有功组合误差异常、无功组合误差异常、用户停止用电、功率因数过低、用电量异常减少以及用电量异常增长的分析判断阈值;业务信息服务器(5)为存储有电力用户档案信息的服务器;所述的档案信息包括电力用户申请容量、暂停用电、电能计量装置的额定电流、额定电压参数;Web服务器(6)为内植有Web应用系统的服务器;工作站计算机(7)为设置在监测中心的为用户提供操作界面和显示故障报警及追补电量数信息的PC机; 所述的用电信息采集系统(1)与通信服务器(2)无线通信连接;通信服务器(2)与数据收集和分析服务器⑶通信电连接;数据收集和分析服务器⑶、数据库服务器⑷、业务信息服务器(5)、Web服务器(6)和工作站计算机(7)通过数据总线(8)相互间信号电连接;所述的用电信息采集系统(1)包括专变终端、集中抄表终端和RS485智能 Clock abnormality, abnormal program meter, the combined error exception active, reactive combined error exception, the user stops power, low power factor, power consumption and reduce the abnormal consumption growth abnormality determination threshold analysis; service information server (5) power for the server stores the user profile information; the user profile information request includes a power capacity, the rated current of the power suspension, the energy metering device, the rated voltage of the parameters; Web server (6) implanted within a Web application server ; workstation computer (7) is arranged to provide a user interface to display at the monitoring center and a fault alarm message and make up a PC electric quantity; said information collection system (1) and the communication server (2) connected to the wireless communication ; communication server (2) with data collection and analysis server ⑶ communicate electrically connected; data collection and analysis servers ⑶, database server ⑷, service information server (5), Web server (6) and a workstation computer (7) via a data bus ( 8) electrically connected to signal each other; said information collection system (1) comprises a special transformer terminal, and the terminal RS485 intelligent centralized meter reading 能表;集中抄表终端、 专变终端与RS485智能电能表通信连接;集中抄表终端和专变终端通过GPRS网络与所述的通信服务器(2)通信连接;所述的专变终端、集中抄表终端和RS485智能电能表的数量根据实际需要设置; 包括以下步骤: ① 用电信息采集系统(1)实时采集电力用户电能表的运行数据经通信服务器(2)传输给数据收集和分析服务器(3);数据收集和分析服务器(3)通过其数据收集软件系统将接收的信息经数据总线(8)传输给数据库服务器(4)存储;所述的电能表的运行数据包括用电量、电压、电流、有功电量及其分时段电量、峰/平/谷各时段有功/无功电量及其分时段电量信息、功率因数、实时有功/无功功率、有功电量、时钟信息、编程事件信息、事件记录信息; 其中对电能表的电压和电流分相采集; ② 数据收集和分析服务器(3)通过其分析诊断软件系统经数 Menu; concentrated reading terminal, a post-change electric meter communication terminals and RS485 intelligent connection; centralized meter reading terminals and post-change terminal (2) connected by a communication server communicating with the GPRS network; said special transformer terminal, concentrated meter reading terminals and smart meter RS485 number set as required; comprising: ① From information collection system (1) real-time data collection operation of the power meter user (2) via the communication server to transmit the data collection and analysis server (3); data collection and analysis servers (3) which is received by the data collection software system information via the data bus (8) to the database server (4) is stored; said operational data comprises electricity meter, voltages, currents, active power and its sub-period power, peak / square / time of each valley and active / reactive power consumption and the sub-time information, power factor, real-time active / reactive power, active power, clock information, program event information event recording information; wherein the voltage and current meter with collection points; ② data collection and analysis servers (3) the number of diagnostic software analysis system through which the 总线(8)调用数据库服务器(4)存储的电能计量装置实时数据和分析判断阈值以及业务信息服务器(5)存储的档案信息数据; 数据收集和分析服务器(3)调用的数据包括电能计量装置的实时电压、电流数据和电压、电流阈值以及电能计量装置的额定电压和额定电流数据;电能计量装置的有功电量和峰/平/谷各时段有功电量及其相应的分析判断阈值;电能计量装置的无功电量和峰/平/谷各时段无功电量及其相应的分析判断阈值;电能计量装置的功率因数及其相应的分析判断阈值;电能计量装置的用电量数据以及用电量异常减少、用电量异常增长分析判断阈值;电能计量装置的时钟信息和时钟阈值;电能计量装置的编程事件信息; ③ 数据收集和分析服务器(3)通过其分析诊断软件系统对电能计量装置的实时数据、 分析判断阈值以及档案信息进行综合处理分析,判断各 Bus (8) call to the database server (4) stores the energy metering device and real data analysis determination threshold value and the service information server (5) profile information stored data; data collection and analysis servers (3) call data comprises energy metering device rated voltage and rated current data real-time voltage, current data and voltage, current threshold and the energy metering device; active power energy metering device, and a peak / square / trough each time active power and the corresponding analytical determination threshold value; energy metering device reactive power and peak / square / time of each valley and the corresponding reactive power threshold value determination analysis; power factor of the energy metering device and a corresponding determination threshold analysis; consumption data energy measurement apparatus and an abnormal power is reduced , electricity abnormal growth analysis determination threshold; real-time data ③ data collection and analysis server (3) through its analytical diagnostic software system energy metering device; clock and clock threshold energy metering device; programming event information energy metering device analysis and determination threshold analysis by integration file, determines whether each 时数据是否超过其相应的阈值; 若未超过阈值,判定电能计量装置工作正常;若超过阈值,先判断是否为需要计算追补电量的故障:若是,则自动计算电量更正系数并算出需追补的电量数后,将需追补的电量数连同故障名称和报警信息经数据总线(8)传输给工作站计算机(7);若否,则将故障名称和报警信息经数据总线(8)传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的某相电压低于㈤%额定电压,同时负荷电流小于〇.5%额定电流, 且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生断相故障;然后判定断相故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的断相故障为断一相、两相或三相故障: 如判定为只断一相故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7);如判定为断两相故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电 If the data exceeds its respective threshold; if not exceeds the threshold value, determining the energy metering device is working properly; exceeds the threshold value, to judge whether to need to calculate the retroactive power failure: if yes, automatically calculated amount correction coefficients and calculates the required retroactive power after the number, the number of power will be required to make up along with the name of the fault and alarm information via the data bus (8) to the workstation computers (7); if not, then the name of the fault and alarm information via the data bus (8) to the workstation computer ( 7); If a phase voltage is less than a power measurement device v% of rated voltage, while the load current is less than 〇.5% of the rated current, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server (3) determines the energy measurement means the occurrence of phase failure fault; then determining phase-fault is a need to catch up power failure; and then determining phase failure fault is off one phase, two phase or three-phase fault: If it is determined that only off a phase failure, the need to make up copy see 1/2 digital electric quantity of electricity along with the name and failure alarm information to the workstation computers (7); break is determined as a two-phase fault, the need to make up copy see twice the number of electrical power 量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7);如判定为三相全断故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的某相电流大于0.5%额定电流、电压低于78%额定电压,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生失压故障;然后判定失压故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的失压故障为一相失压、两相失压或三相失压故障:如判定为一相失压故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7);如判定为两相失压故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7);如判定为三相失压故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若 Along with the name and number of fault alarm information to the workstation computers (7); a three-phase full cut is determined as a failure, then the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the workstation computers (7); If a phase current of a power measurement device is greater than 0.5% of the rated current, the voltage is less than 78% of the rated voltage, and a duration greater than 1 minute, data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the loss of pressure energy metering device malfunction occurs; and determining pressure loss fault is required retroactive power failure; and then determining the loss of pressure failure is a loss of pressure, two-phase loss of pressure or three-phase pressure loss fault: If it is determined that a loss of pressure failure, the need to make up copy see electric quantity 1/2 amount together with the number and name of the fault alarm information to the workstation computers (7); if it is determined that loss of pressure two-phase fault, the need to make up copy see twice the number along with the amount of electricity fault number and name information to the alarm station computer (7); loss of pressure as a three-phase fault is determined, then the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the workstation computers (7); if 一电能计量装置的三相电压均大于60%额定电压、三相电流中任一相或两相小于0.5%额定电流且其他相线负荷电流大于5%额定电流,且持续时间大于1分钟,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生失流故障;然后判定失流故障为需追补电量故障;接着判定发生的失流故障为一相失流、两相失流或三相失流故障:如判定为一相失流故障,将需追补抄见电量数的1/2电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为两相失流故障,将需追补抄见电量数的2倍电量数连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机;如判定为三相失流故障,则输出应由人工按实际情况追补电量信息连同故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; 若某一电能计量装置的某相电压大于12〇%额定电压,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生过压故障,且判定过压 A three-phase voltage power measurement device were more than 60% of the rated voltage, three-phase current in any one phase or two-phase current of less than 0.5% of rated load current and the other phase is greater than 5% of the rated current, and a duration greater than 1 minute, the data collect and analyze server determines the energy metering device occurs stall fault; then determined stall fault is required retroactive power failure; next determined stall fault is a phase current loss, two-phase loss of flow or three-phase current loss fault: the it is determined that a phase stall fault, the need to make up copy see 1/2 digital electric quantity of electricity along with the name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computer; if it is determined that two phases stall fault, the need to make up copy see the number of power 2 fold quantity, together with the name and failure alarm information to the computer workstation; stall as a three-phase fault is determined, then the output should be doing the actual situation retroactive power fault information together with name and alarm information to the computer workstation; if a power metering a phase voltage of the device is greater than 12〇% of rated voltage, data collection and analysis server determines failure of the electric energy measuring means pressure occurred, and it is determined overpressure 障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; 若某一电能计量装置的某相电流大于120%额定电流,数据收集和分析服务器判定该电能计量装置发生过流故障,且判定过流故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机; 若某一电能计量装置的三相电压中任一相或两相电压超出±30%额定电压,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生电压不平衡故障,且判定电压不平衡故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的三相电流中任一相或两相电流超出±30%额定电流,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生电流不平衡故障,且判定电流不平衡故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的有功电 Barrier non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation; if a phase current of a power measurement device is greater than 120% of rated current, data collection and analysis server determines that the current fault occurred energy metering device, and overcurrent fault determining non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the computer workstation; if any one phase voltage of a power metering device or a two-phase phase voltage exceeds ± 30% of rated voltage, data collection and analysis the server (3) determines that the voltage of the energy metering device unbalanced fault occurs, and a determination voltage imbalance fault non-retroactive power failure; output name of the fault and alarm information to the workstation computers (7); if a three-phase electrical energy metering device a current in any phase or two-phase current exceeds the rated current of ± 30%, data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the power measurement device unbalanced fault current occurs, and a non-fault current unbalance is determined retroactive power fault; fault name output and alarm information to the workstation computers (7); if active power of a power measurement device 量与其峰/平/谷各时段有功电量之和的误差超过1度电,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生有功组合k差故障,且判定有功组合误差故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警彳目息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的无功电量与其峰/平/谷各时段无功电量之和的误差超过1千乏时,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生无功组合误差故障,且判定无功组合误差故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的任一相或两相月平均功率因数低于0.5,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生功率因数过低故障,且判定功率因素过低故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置本次用电量相比上次减少超过5〇%,数据收集 And the active energy of the quantity and the peak / square / trough each time error of more than one unit of electricity, data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the power measurement device occurs active composition k differential fault, and determination of active compositions error fault non-retroactive power fault; fault name output and alarm information is transmitted to the left foot mesh workstation computers (7); and if the reactive power of a power measurement device and the peak / square / trough of the reactive power of each time error exceeds 1,000 lack, data collect and analyze server (3) determines the reactive power measurement device combined error occurred fault, and determination of reactive non-retroactive combined error power failure fault; fault name output and alarm information to the workstation computers (7); if a power the metering device according to any one or two-phase power factor of less than 0.5 on average, data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the power measurement device failure occurs low power factor, and power factor is determined retroactive low power non-fault failure; output fault information to the alarm names and workstation computers (7); 5〇% more than the last decrease if the current metering device a power consumption as compared to the data collected 和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置用电量异常减少;若某一电能计量装置本次抄见用电量相比上次增长超过100%,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置用电量异常增长;且判定用电量异常减少和用电量异常增长故障为非追补电量故障;数据收集和分析服务器(3)输出相应的报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 若某一电能计量装置的时钟误差大于5分钟,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生时钟异常故障,且判定时钟异常故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7); 、若某一电能计量装置的编程次数大于1次,数据收集和分析服务器(3)判定该电能计量装置发生编程异常故障,且判定编程异常故障为非追补电量故障;输出故障名称和报警信息传输给工作站计算机(7)。 And analysis server (3) determines that the abnormality energy metering device power is reduced; if a power measurement device of this consumption as compared to the previous copy see increased by more than 100%, the data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the power abnormal growth in electricity metering device; and determining an abnormal consumption power is reduced abnormal growth and non-retroactive power failure fault; alarm information corresponding to the transmission data collection and analysis servers (3) to the workstation computers (7); if the clock error of an energy metering device greater than 5 minutes, data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the power measurement device failure abnormality occurs clock, and the clock abnormality determination non-retroactive power failure fault; fault name output and alarm information to the station computer (7); if the programming times is greater than a power measurement device 1, data collection and analysis server (3) determines that the power measurement device abnormality occurs programming failure, and a failure determination program abnormal non retroactive power fault; fault output name and alarm information to the computer workstation (7).
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