CN104627196A - Bogie of high-speed railway vehicle - Google Patents

Bogie of high-speed railway vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104627196A
CN104627196A CN201510061590.3A CN201510061590A CN104627196A CN 104627196 A CN104627196 A CN 104627196A CN 201510061590 A CN201510061590 A CN 201510061590A CN 104627196 A CN104627196 A CN 104627196A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air chamber
speed railway
crossbeam
bogie truck
lateral
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510061590.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104627196B (en
Inventor
张振先
周平宇
马利军
丁叁叁
崔志国
张国平
Original Assignee
南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司
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Application filed by 南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 filed Critical 南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司
Priority to CN201510061590.3A priority Critical patent/CN104627196B/en
Publication of CN104627196A publication Critical patent/CN104627196A/en
Priority claimed from US15/106,274 external-priority patent/US10011287B2/en
Priority claimed from GB1610700.5A external-priority patent/GB2549547A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104627196B publication Critical patent/CN104627196B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/02Arrangements permitting limited transverse relative movements between vehicle underframe or bolster and bogie; Connections between underframes and bogies
    • B61F5/22Guiding of the vehicle underframes with respect to the bogies
    • B61F5/24Means for damping or minimising the canting, skewing, pitching, or plunging movements of the underframes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/50Other details
    • B61F5/52Bogie frames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61HBRAKES OR OTHER RETARDING APPARATUS PECULIAR TO RAIL VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS OR DISPOSITIONS OF BRAKES OR OTHER RETARDING APPARATUS IN RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61H1/00Applications or arrangements of brakes with a braking member or members co-operating with the periphery of the wheel rim, a drum, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61KOTHER AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT FOR RAILWAYS
    • B61K9/00Railway vehicle profile gauges; Detecting or indicating overheating of components; Apparatus on locomotives or cars to indicate bad track sections; General design of track recording vehicles
    • B61K9/04Detectors for indicating the overheating of axle bearings and the like, e.g. associated with the brake system for applying the brakes in case of a fault

Abstract

The invention discloses a bogie of a high-speed railway vehicle. The bogie of the high-speed railway vehicle comprises wheel pairs, an axle box, a primary spring suspension device, a framework, a secondary spring suspension device and a basic braking device, wherein wheels of the wheel pairs are LMA tread wheels, an installation mode of the basic braking device is of a three-point suspension type structure, and a braking lifting seat of the basic braking device and a thread cleaning device installation seat are of an integrated structure on the framework; the axle box is of a split structure with the upper portion and the lower portion capable of being separated, a fusing type temperature sensor and a real-time temperature sensor are installed on the upper portion of the axle box in order to jointly monitor inside temperature of the axle box, and an off-line safety protective device is installed at the lower portion of the axle box; a traction pull rod of the secondary spring suspension device is a single-traction pull rod, an entire lifting device is additionally installed on a central pin, every two corresponding anti-hunting dampers of the entire lifting device form a set in each side, and the anti-hunting dampers are the same in design parameter. The bogie of the high-speed railway vehicle has good dynamic performance, is higher in structural safety, reliability and economy and can adapt to the requirements of rapid development of high-speed railways.

Description

A kind of high speed railway car bogie truck

Technical field

The present invention relates to guideway vehicle technical field, particularly continuous running speed reaches the bogie truck of the high speed railway car of 350km/h.

Background technology

Bogie truck is one of chief component of vehicle, forms, the part such as axle box, primary spring suspension gear, framework, secondary spring suspension gear, actuating device (only power truck has) and foundation brake rigging primarily of wheel.

Take turns to by an axletree and two press mountings of car wheel integral, in vehicle operation, wheel and axletree together turn round.

Axle box is arranged on the axle journal of axletree two ends, and its effect is linked together to framework by wheel, makes wheel be converted into the translation of car body along circuit to the rolling along rail, transmits the application force of all directions, ensures good lubricity and sealing property.

Single stage suspension device is also axle box hanging device, be arranged between axle box and bogie frame, comprise spring installation, axle-box positioning device and a vertical damper, its effect relaxes vertical impact, the vertical cross motion between constraint axle box and bogie frame and the vertical transverse force of transmission.

Framework is the skeleton of bogie truck, in order to connect the power of each component part of bogie truck and transmission all directions, and is used for keeping the position of axletree in bogie truck.

The connecting device of car body and bogie truck during secondary spring suspension gear, therefore chauffeur body supporting device again.Usually be made up of spring installation (being generally air bellow), anti-rolling device, anti-snakelike shock absorber, lateral damper and draw gear etc.

The effect of actuating device is that the power that driving device exports is passed to driving wheel pair, generally includes traction electric machine, suspension device of motor and reducing gearbox.

Bogie truck is used for transmitting various load, and utilize the generation of sticking together guarantee tractive force between wheel track, mainly play the effects such as carrying, power transmission, buffering, guiding, the quality of its structural behaviour, direct affect vehicle towability, riding quality, the abrasion of wheel track and train safe, be the decisive factor improving train running speed further, train speed is higher, also higher to the requirement of bogie truck.

Therefore, the bogie technique of high speed train just one of gordian technique becoming high-speed cruising.

Summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of high speed railway car bogie truck.This bogie truck has good dynamic performance, and higher safety of structure, reliability and economy, can adapt to the demand of high speed railway fast development.

For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of high speed railway car bogie truck, comprise wheel to, axle box, primary spring suspension gear, framework, secondary spring suspension gear and foundation brake rigging, it is described that to take turns right wheel be LMA tread wheel, the mounting means of described foundation brake rigging is three-point suspension formula structure, and its braking flap seat and tread sweeping device mount pad become one formula structure on described framework; Described axle box is the split-type structural that can separate up and down, and Fuse Type temperature sensor is installed on its top and real time temperature sensor monitors axle box internal temperature jointly, and off-line safety device is installed in its underpart; The drawing pull bar of described secondary spring suspension gear is single traction rod, and center pin installs overall lift additional, two one group, the every side of its anti-hunting damper holder and damping coefficient is identical.

Preferably, described derailing safety device is inverted " L " shape, comprises lateral part and the longitudinal component in side, below perpendicular to described lateral part; Described lateral part is provided with the mount pad formed by outward extending wing plate in the both sides of Width, described mount pad is provided with bolt hole; The medial surface of described longitudinal component is stop surface.

Preferably, described lateral part is lagging, and described vertical portion is divided into perpendicular baffle plate, and both are integral type structure.

Preferably, the thickness of described wing plate is less than described lateral part, and the end face of its end face and described lateral part is positioned at same plane.

Preferably, the lower surface of described lateral part is provided with indent position, and the radian of its contact segment is consistent with the radian of rail top face, and by the arc sections position rounding off of described lateral part and longitudinal component intersection to described stop surface.

Preferably, described framework comprises curb girder, crossbeam between described curb girder, and described curb girder is provided with the air bellow seat for installing air bellow, and described crossbeam is the solid drawn pipe structure of hollow; Described framework also comprises passage, the main gas tank of air bellow described in described channel connection and described crossbeam cavity.

Preferably, also comprise the air chamber longitudinally arranged, the two ends of described air chamber are communicated with two described crossbeams respectively; Air chamber described in described channel connection is to realize and being communicated with of described crossbeam cavity.

Preferably, the two ends of described air chamber are fixedly welded on the madial wall of corresponding described crossbeam, and the position that described cross rail inner wall corresponds to described air chamber end offers crossbeam through hole, with crossbeam cavity described in conducting and described air chamber.

Preferably, described air chamber is the bending plate that cross section takes the shape of the letter U, with its open side longitudinal measure in the madial wall of described curb girder; Described air chamber connects described curb girder and described crossbeam.

Preferably, the position that described side rail inner wall is corresponding with described air chamber open side offers curb girder through hole; Described passage horizontally set, the main gas tank of air bellow described in the conducting of one end, the other end inserts described curb girder through hole with air chamber described in conducting.

The present invention is based on speed per hour 350 kilometers of Chinese Industrial Standards (CIS) motor train unit projects and design and develop, adopt lightweight bolsterless truck, the heavy 17t of Intensity Design axle, adopt the versions such as H type welded frame, pivoted arm axle-box locating, single traction rod, disc brake, traction electric machine frame hang, adopt the foundation brake mounting means of three-point suspension simultaneously, and brake integrated installation tread sweeping device on flap seat at framework, and three-point suspension foundation brake mount pad and single traction rod combinationally use; Axle box adopts split-type design, Fuse Type temperature sensor is installed on top and real time temperature sensor carries out temperature monitoring, guarantee driving safety jointly, and off-line safety device is installed in bottom, traversing on a large scale after avoiding vehicle off-line, support vehicles and passengers inside the car's safety; Wheel tread form selects LMA type tread, and to one being, two be that rigidity carries out matched design, make this type bogie truck have good dynamic performance; Center pin installs overall lift additional, is convenient to change wheel right; In addition, also adopt horizontal stroke, curb girder as the technological means of empty spring auxiliary chamber, under the prerequisite realizing required function, save space.

In a kind of preferred version, by to derailing mechanism, the research of derailment protection technology, devise a kind of brand-new off-line safety device, under the prerequisite of the functional requirement of satisfied protection vehicle off-line, with this device after vehicle off-line and rail contact position the most rationally for condition carries out structure design, make it minimum to the security implication of track, optimize oad simultaneously, it is made to meet the requirement of strength preventing vehicle off-line, and mode with bolts is arranged on below journal box body, within being positioned at vehicle gauge of the locomotive, its structure is simple, easy for installation, take up room little, stop surface is apart from lateral wheel face, rail level distance arranges safe and reasonable, in normal state, not with rail contact, do not affect normal vehicle operation, only ability and rail contact after vehicle derailing, derailing trailing wheel can be suppressed well to continuing traversing and sidewindering, effective suppression derailing rear vehicle attitude worsens further or topples.

In another kind of preferred version, the main gas tank of air bellow and the cavity connects of crossbeam is made by passage, then the cavity of crossbeam can as the auxiliary chamber of air bellow, achieve the main gas tank of air bellow and being communicated with of auxiliary chamber, effectively make use of the inner space of framework, save as air bellow installs independent cylinder, increase the gas chamber volume of air bellow simultaneously, thus reduce the eigentone of air bellow, make air bellow can keep lower and intimate equal oscillation frequency under any load, realize vibration-damping function, improve the traveling comfort of track train, and the auxiliary chamber air-tightness of air bellow is better, the damping requirements of track train during high speed can be met.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of detailed description of the invention of LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck (motor car bogie) provided by the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of a kind of detailed description of the invention of LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck (trailer bogie) provided by the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the block diagram of derailing safety device;

Fig. 4 is the lateral plan of the safety device of derailing shown in Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is under normal motoring condition, the safety device of derailing shown in Fig. 4 on bogie truck with the relative position schematic diagram of journal box body, wheel and track;

Fig. 6 is after derailing, the relative position schematic diagram of each several part shown in Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is after derailing further develops, the relative position schematic diagram of each several part shown in Fig. 5;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation that in framework, air chamber is communicated with;

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of framework;

Figure 10 is the A direction view of Fig. 9;

Figure 11 is the part side sectional view of Fig. 9;

Figure 12 is anti-side rolling torsion rod and anti-side rolling torsion rod seat scheme of installation;

Figure 13 is the anti-side rolling torsion rod seat schematic diagram in Figure 12.

In figure:

1. framework 2. axle box 3. is taken turns and is resisted snakelike bumper 9. vertical bumper 10. transverse damper 11. anti-side rolling torsion rod 11-1. anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 12. center pin 13. tread sweeping device to 3-1. wheel 4. motor 5. gear case 6. foundation brake rigging 7. air bellow 7-1. main gas tank 8.

14. 14-8. circular arc position 15., 14-2. longitudinal component 14-3. wing plate 14-4. bolt hole 14-5. cambered surface 14-6 stop surface 14-7. indent position, anti-drop block 14-1. lateral part bolt 16. tracks

1-1. curb girder 1-2. crossbeam 1-3. air chamber 1-6. passage 1-11. air bellow seat 1-1-1. curb girder through hole 1-2-1. crossbeam through hole

41. dovetail configuration 42. adapter plate 43. bolts hole

Detailed description of the invention

In order to make those skilled in the art person understand the present invention program better, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.

The terms such as upper and lower, left and right are herein established, difference with reference to the accompanying drawings based on position relationship shown in the drawings, and corresponding position relationship also likely changes thereupon, therefore, can not be understood as the absolute limit to protection domain.

Please refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of detailed description of the invention of LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck provided by the present invention.

As shown in the figure, this LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck is motor car bogie, primarily of framework 1, axle box 2, take turns 3, motor 4, gear case 5, foundation brake rigging 6, air bellow 7, the composition such as anti-snakelike bumper 8, vertical bumper 9, transverse damper 10, anti-side rolling torsion rod 11, center pin 12, tread sweeping device 13.

It is designed and developed based on speed per hour 350 kilometers of Chinese Industrial Standards (CIS) motor train unit projects, for lightweight bolsterless truck, the heavy 17t of Intensity Design axle, uses the versions such as H type welded frame, pivoted arm axle-box locating, single traction rod, disc brake, traction electric machine frame hang.

Particularly, adopt the foundation brake mounting means of three-point suspension, and brake integrated tread sweeping device mount pad on flap seat at framework, and three-point suspension foundation brake mount pad and single traction rod combinationally use.

Axle box adopts split-type design, and Fuse Type temperature sensor is installed on top and real time temperature sensor carries out temperature monitoring, guarantee driving safety jointly; Off-line safety device is installed in bottom, traversing on a large scale after avoiding vehicle off-line, support vehicles and passengers inside the car's safety.

Wheel tread form selects LMA type tread (LMA is the general term characterizing in the industry this type of tread), and its anti-hunting damper holder such as is at the parameter designing, namely every two one group, side and, design parameters is identical; And to one being, two be that rigidity carries out matched design.Heavy and one be rigidity and two be rigidity according to bogie truck quality, design axle, determine the drifting along of truck frame, nod, the drifting along of frequency of shaking the head and car body, nod, sidewinder frequency, guarantee that the two can not occur resonance effect, carry out loop optimization mainly through theory calculate and simulation analysis during coupling, make this type bogie truck have good dynamic performance.

Center pin installs overall lift additional, during operation, is first separated up and down by split type axle box, then lifts car body, utilizes the longitudinal floor stringer place of overall lift contact bogie truck that center pin installs additional to lift bogie truck, is convenient to change wheel right.

In addition, also adopt horizontal stroke, curb girder as the technological means of empty spring auxiliary chamber, under the prerequisite realizing required function, save space

Please refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of a kind of detailed description of the invention of LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck provided by the present invention;

As shown in the figure, this LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck is motorcycle bogie truck, compared with above-mentioned motor car bogie, does not arrange the device such as driving device motor, reducing gearbox, and other structures are substantially identical with above-mentioned motor car bogie.

Please refer to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 3 is the block diagram of derailing safety device; Fig. 4 is the lateral plan of the safety device of derailing shown in Fig. 3;

Derailing safety device is one piece is inverted " L " shape anti-drop block 14, it can be divided into abundant lateral part 14-1 and abundant longitudinal component 14-2, longitudinal component 14-2 is perpendicular in the side, below of lateral part 14-1, when observing from the side, in inverted " L " shape.Certainly, the word of use inversion one is here the structure in order to convenient description anti-drop block, is corresponding with the installing condition of anti-drop block 14, if anti-drop block 14 is spun upside down 180 degree, then can describes it as " L " shape.

Particularly, lateral part 14-1 is lagging, vertical part 14-2 is perpendicular baffle plate, both are processed by a monoblock high strength material, for integral type structure, such as can adopt the materials such as steel, iron, alloy and carbon fiber, then its tensile strength and yield strength can be made to meet higher requirement by modifier treatment according to metallic material.

For the ease of installing, lateral part 14-1 is provided with the mount pad formed by outward extending wing plate 14-3 in the both sides of Width, the thickness of wing plate 14-3 is less than lateral part 14-1, be about 1/1 to four/2nd of lateral part 14-1 thickness, be 1/3rd shown in figure, the end face of wing plate 14-3 and the end face of lateral part 14-1 are positioned at same plane, when observing from the thickness direction of longitudinal component 14-2, anti-drop block 14 is on the whole in " T " font, when observing from birds-eye view, the end face of whole anti-drop block 14 is smooth rectangle (or square).

Each wing plate 14-3 is processed with respectively two countersunk-heat bolt hole 14-4 kept at a certain distance away, for the quantity of bolt hole 14-4, do not do concrete restriction herein, according to the size of wing plate 14-3 and the difference of installation requirement, can also be three, four even more, also can only arrange one.

The end portion width of longitudinal component 14-2 is less than body part, and by cambered surface 14-5 (also can be inclined-plane) rounding off between the side of both sides, the medial surface of longitudinal component 14-2 is stop surface 14-6, stop surface 14-6 slopes inwardly 3 ° ~ 5 ° from end to root in a longitudinal direction, the angle of the inclined angle alpha set here is 4 °, consistent with the angle of the medial surface angle of inclination beta of track shoulder.

The lower surface of lateral part 14-1 is provided with an arc concave shape position 14-7, its radius R is 80mm, consistent with the radian of rail top face, to increase the area of contact of anti-drop block and track head after vehicle derailing, indent position 14-7 passes through the circular arc position 14-8 rounding off of lateral part 14-1 and longitudinal component 14-2 intersection to stop surface 14-6, the intersection of lateral part and longitudinal component is circular arc and on-right angle, can be eliminated stress concentration phenomenon on the one hand, that can improve anti-drop block on the other hand is subject to force intensity, prevent it from when stressed, occurring significantly distortion at this position.

As another kind of form, indent position on the lower surface of lateral part can also transit to the stop surface 14-6 of longitudinal component always, forms the curved portion that can match with track peripheral shoulder shape with lateral part 14-1 with longitudinal component 14-2 together with the circular arc position 14-8 of intersection.

Please refer to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 5 is under normal motoring condition, the safety device of derailing shown in Fig. 4 on bogie truck with the relative position schematic diagram of journal box body, wheel and track; Fig. 6 is after derailing, the relative position schematic diagram of each several part shown in Fig. 5.

During use, above-mentioned anti-drop block is fixed on axle box 2 bottom by four bolts 15, and same wheel below two right axle boxes respectively arranges an anti-drop block, respectively corresponding left wheel and right wheel, and is positioned at the outside of wheel.Because anti-drop block all maintains a determining deviation with the parts such as wheel 3-1 and track 16 on locus, therefore when normal vehicle operation, anti-drop block not with wheel and rail contact, only when derailing, just with the medial surface moving contact of track shoulder.

Such as, when train derails to the left, left side wheel departs from the outside to left rail, and the anti-drop block be positioned at below right-hand axis casing contacts with right rail, and now, the distance between the anti-drop block in left side and left rail becomes greatly, and do not participate in anticreep, vice versa.

Because anti-drop block stop surface 14-6 is consistent with the angle of the inclination of track 16 shoulder lateral surface, therefore both can fit together closely, can limit car body on the one hand in the horizontal continues outwards traversing, vehicle attitude is suppressed to worsen further or topple, force of sliding friction can be relied on the other hand on the direct of travel of train, train is slowed down, reduces risk factor.

Figure 5 shows that general derailment occurring or the primary stage of derailing, in this case, it is spacing that anti-drop block only relies on the contact of its stop surface 14-6 and track 16 to carry out.

Please refer to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is after derailing further develops, the relative position schematic diagram of each several part shown in Fig. 3.

When derailment occurring further develops, wheel 3-1 likely continues to sink, now, the end face of track 16 can embed the indent position 14-7 on the 14-2 lower surface of anti-drop block lateral part, together carry out spacing by lateral part 14-1 and longitudinal component 14-2, wherein longitudinal component 14-2 continuation restriction car body is traversing, lateral part 14-1 then can limit car body to be continued to move down, add the friction eceleration effect on direct of travel, actv. restriction can be carried out to vehicle at most in three dimensions, and, the radian of indent position 14-7 is consistent with the radian of track 16 end face, can avoid damaging track.

In addition, as can be seen from Figure 6, the indent position 14-7 of lateral part 14-1 and the end face of track 16 be complete consistency from top to bottom not, and both have staggered certain distance Δ L in the horizontal, the indent position 14-7 traversing due to derailing is closer to inner side, and track is then closer to outside.Like this, derailing from the state development shown in Fig. 6 to Fig. 7 shown in state process, under the draw of track 16, by car body outwards " retracting ", reverse traversing trend can be made it have, thus actv. suppresses traversing more.

Derailing safety device is under the prerequisite of the functional requirement of satisfied protection vehicle off-line, with this device after vehicle off-line and rail contact position the most rationally for condition carries out structure design, make it minimum to the security implication of track, optimize oad simultaneously, it is made to meet the requirement of strength preventing vehicle off-line, and mode with bolts is arranged on below journal box body, within being positioned at vehicle gauge of the locomotive, its structure is simple, easy for installation, take up room little, stop surface is apart from lateral wheel face, rail level distance arranges safe and reasonable, in normal state, not with rail contact, do not affect normal vehicle operation, only ability and rail contact after vehicle derailing, derailing trailing wheel can be suppressed well to continuing traversing and sidewindering, effective suppression derailing rear vehicle attitude worsens further or topples.

Please refer to accompanying drawing 8,9,10, Fig. 8 is the structural representation that in framework, air chamber is communicated with; Fig. 9 is the structural representation of framework; Figure 10 is the A direction view of Fig. 9.

Framework comprises two curb girder 1-1, two crossbeam 1-2 between curb girder 1-1; Wherein, curb girder 1-1 is provided with the air bellow seat 1-11 for installing air bellow 7, and the main gas tank 7-1 of the air bellow 7 after installation is positioned at the inner chamber of curb girder 1-1, and crossbeam 1-2 is the solid drawn pipe structure of hollow.In addition, as shown in Figure 8, framework also comprises passage 1-6, for the cavity of the main gas tank 7-1 and crossbeam 1-2 that are communicated with air bellow 7.

As shown in Figure 8, by passage 1-6, make the main gas tank 7-1 of air bellow 7 and the cavity connects of crossbeam 1-2, then the cavity of crossbeam 1-2 can as the auxiliary chamber of air bellow 7, achieve the main gas tank 7-1 of air bellow 7 and being communicated with of auxiliary chamber, effectively make use of the inner space of framework, save as air bellow 7 installs independent cylinder, increase the gas chamber volume of air bellow 7 simultaneously, thus reduce the eigentone of air bellow 7, make air bellow 7 can keep lower and intimate equal oscillation frequency under any load, realize vibration-damping function, improve the traveling comfort of track train.

The particularly important is, find in test under high-speed cruising environment, the reason that in prior art, air bellow cushioning performance declines is, the air-tightness as the curb girder of auxiliary chamber is poor.Because curb girder is welded by steel plate splicing and is formed, and periphery exists many weld seams, and air-tightness is poor.The improvement that the present invention makes just on this basis, will have the auxiliary chamber of cavity as air bellow 7 of hollow seamless steel-tube construction crossbeam 1-2, solid drawn pipe structural perimeter does not have seam, and air-tightness is better.Therefore, compared with prior art, the auxiliary chamber air-tightness of air bellow 7 provided by the present invention is better, can meet the damping requirements of train during high speed.In addition, solid drawn pipe can elect ring cross-section as, when bearing inside or outer radial pressure, stressed comparatively even, meets the load bearing requirements of train during high speed further.

Framework can also comprise the air chamber 1-3 longitudinally arranged, and the two ends of air chamber 1-3 are communicated with two crossbeam 1-2 respectively; In addition, passage 1-6 is communicated with the main gas tank 7-1 of air chamber 1-3 and air bellow 7, to realize the main gas tank 7-1 of air bellow 7 and being communicated with of crossbeam 1-2 cavity.

This air chamber 1-3 is the structure of inner hollow, achieves being communicated with of passage 1-6 and crossbeam 1-2 cavity easily, thus the main gas tank 7-1 of air bellow 7 is communicated with auxiliary chamber by its internal cavities.On the one hand, air chamber 1-3 as auxiliary chamber together with the cavity of crossbeam 1-2, can further increase the auxiliary chamber volume of air bellow, improves the vibration-damping function of air bellow 7; On the other hand, air chamber 1-3 longitudinally arranges (being shown in accompanying drawing 10), can improve the torsional stiffness of curb girder 1-1 and crossbeam 1-2 junction, thus improves the strength and stiffness of framework.

Further, as shown in Figure 10, the two ends of air chamber 1-3 can be fixedly welded on the madial wall of corresponding crossbeam 1-2 respectively, simultaneously, as shown in Figure 8, the position that crossbeam 1-2 madial wall corresponds to air chamber 1-3 end offers crossbeam through hole 1-2-1, is communicated with air chamber 1-3 by crossbeam through hole 1-2-1, crossbeam 1-2 cavity.

In the present embodiment, air chamber 1-3 and crossbeam 1-2 madial wall are welded and fixed, and connection mode is fairly simple, sealing property is excellent, and can save other connection structure, thus realizes the lightweight of framework, therefore, the connection mode of air chamber 1-3 and crossbeam 1-2 madial wall is preferably welded to connect.But, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that, the connection mode of the two ends of air chamber 1-3 and the madial wall of two crossbeam 1-2 is not limited only to be welded to connect in theory, such as, air chamber 1-3 can insert at two ends crossbeam 1-2 inner chamber, and carry out sealing also passable at their interconnective positions, or also can design corresponding connection fastener.

On this basis, the bending plate that air chamber 1-3 can take the shape of the letter U for cross section, and with its open side longitudinal measure in the madial wall of curb girder 1-1, make to be connected by air chamber 1-3 between curb girder 1-1 with crossbeam 1-2.Can composition graphs 8, Figure 10 understand, the two edges of U-bend plate open side are welded in crossbeam 1-2, and passage 1-6 corresponds to the position of U-bend plate open side, to be communicated with air chamber 1-3.

In this embodiment, air chamber 1-3 is U-bend plate structure, coordinates the cavity needed for being formed with the madial wall of curb girder 1-1, on the one hand, make use of the madial wall of curb girder 1-1, can save the material forming air chamber 1-3, realize the lightweight of framework; The more important thing is, achieve being welded and fixed of curb girder 1-1 and crossbeam 1-2, to make curb girder 1-1 and crossbeam 1-2 without the need to being directly welded and fixed.When curb girder 1-1 and crossbeam 1-2 is directly welded and fixed, based on mounting structure and space constraint, the weld seam that welding is formed is difficult to range estimation, be not easy to welding and air-leakage test, and air chamber 1-3 position of weld is not blocked, weld seam is easy to observation, thus is easy to welding and air-leakage test.

It should be noted that, Main Function due to air chamber 1-3 is communicating passage 1-6 and crossbeam 1-2 cavity, therefore, as long as air chamber 1-3 is in fact for having the structure of internal cavities, such as, the cross section of air chamber 1-3 can be other shapes such as triangle, or air chamber 1-3 also can for the complete cavity structure directly formed by Plate Welding.But U-shaped cross section is compared with triangular-section, and bending resistant section coefficient is large, and stress is little, and intensity is high; And the complete cavity structure directly formed by Plate Welding needs to be formed many weld seams, air-tightness is poor.The bending plate in U-shaped cross section is one-piece construction, and air-tightness is better, and torsional stiffness is comparatively large, structure is simple.Therefore, in the present invention, air chamber 1-3 is preferably the bending plate in U-shaped cross section.

Be appreciated that curb girder through hole 1-1-1 need be offered in the position that curb girder 1-1 madial wall is corresponding with air chamber 1-3 open side in order to realize being communicated with of passage 1-6 and air chamber 1-3.Now, passage 1-6 can horizontally set, the main gas tank 7-1 of one end conducting air spring 7, and the other end inserts curb girder through hole 1-1-1 with conducting air chamber 1-3.

In above-described embodiment, the air chamber 1-3 by longitudinally arranging between passage 1-6 with crossbeam 1-2 cavity is communicated with, and the air chamber 1-3 of this longitudinal direction setting, except realizing being communicated with of passage 1-6 and crossbeam 1-2 cavity, also improves the torsional stiffness of framework.Be appreciated that the mode of communicating of passage 1-6 and crossbeam 1-2 cavity is not limited to this.Such as, framework can comprise two bend pipes, one end of described two bend pipes is communicated with passage 1-6, the other end respectively with corresponding two crossbeam 1-2 cavity connects, this structure also can realize being communicated with of passage 1-6 and crossbeam 1-2 cavity, but, because this structure comprises two bend pipes be provided separately, compared with the air chamber 1-3 of integral structure, strength and stiffness are all poor, therefore, passage 1-6 is communicated with preferably by air chamber 1-3 with crossbeam 1-2 cavity.

For the various embodiments described above, can also be further improved.

Please continue to refer to the part side sectional view that Figure 11,12,13, Figure 11 is Fig. 9; Figure 12 is anti-side rolling torsion rod and anti-side rolling torsion rod seat scheme of installation; Figure 13 is the anti-side rolling torsion rod seat schematic diagram in Figure 12.

The lower anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 that can weld for installing anti-side rolling torsion rod 11 of curb girder 1-1, and anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 and the transition of curb girder 1-1 bottom roundings, form dovetail configuration 41.

Anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 is welded in the below of curb girder 11-1, now, anti-side rolling torsion rod 11 is positioned at outside curb girder 11-1, compared to being arranged at inside curb girder 1-1, the horizontal span of both sides anti-side rolling torsion rod 11 is large, in identical reactive torque situation, car body shaking amplitude is less, rolls used better effect in raising Comfortability of Train and anti-side.

In addition, in above-described embodiment, inside curb girder 1-1, be provided with air chamber 1-3, anti-side rolling torsion rod 11 be installed outside curb girder 1-1 and can avoid interfering with air chamber 1-3.On the whole, the characteristics of compact layout of torsion bar mechanism for preventing side rolling of train carriage, takies horizontal space minimum.But be appreciated that anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 is not limited in and be installed on below curb girder 1-1, also can be installed on the below of crossbeam 1-2, now, namely anti-side rolling torsion rod 11 is positioned at inside truck side sill 1-1.

Meanwhile, as shown in figure 13, anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 and the transition of curb girder 1-1 bottom roundings, form dovetail configuration 41, effectively can alleviate the problem of stress concentration of curb girder 1-1 and anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 junction, thus improve the intensity of framework.In addition, curb girder 1-1 is also not limited only to weld with the connection mode of anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1, and reason is the same, repeats no more here.

Particularly, anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 can for form by Plate Welding the structure that top has opening, bottom is adapter plate 42, wherein, adapter plate 42 is for installing anti-side rolling torsion rod 11, and the top of anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 forms box-structure with curb girder 1-1 by welding.

The top of anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 is welded with curb girder 1-1 diapire and is formed box-structure, ensures to have enough structural strengths and rigidity, and box inside provides the installing space of anti-side rolling torsion rod 11.

Further, the adapter plate 42 bottom anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 can be formed by steel plate die mould, and has bolt hole 43, for installing described anti-side rolling torsion rod 11.

Adapter plate 42 bottom anti-side rolling torsion rod seat 11-1 is formed by steel plate die mould, and the forming method of steel plate die mould has lightweight, intensity advantages of higher.Be appreciated that the forming method of adapter plate 42 is not limited only to steel plate die mould, also can adopt other forming methods such as casting, but compared with die mould, the armor plate strength that casting is formed is lower, therefore, the forming method of the preferred steel plate die mould of adapter plate 42 in the present embodiment.

In sum, framework takes the one-piece construction be welded to connect, the connection structure between each beam effectively can be simplified under the prerequisite realizing connective stability and intensity, realize lightweight, and air chamber 1-3 is welded between curb girder 1-1 with crossbeam 1-2, the air chamber 1-3 be interconnected and crossbeam 1-2 cavity are used as the auxiliary chamber of air bellow 7, integral structure is simple, be beneficial to, below curb girder 1-1, anti-side rolling torsion rod 11 be installed, under the prerequisite realizing vibration damping and intensity, the anti-side that can improve vehicle rolls rigidity, and then the requirement of track train when meeting high speed.

Above LMA tread high speed railway car bogie truck provided by the present invention is described in detail.Apply specific case herein to set forth principle of the present invention and embodiment, the explanation of above embodiment just understands core concept of the present invention for helping.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the present invention, these improve and modify and also fall in the protection domain of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a high speed railway car bogie truck, comprise wheel to, axle box, primary spring suspension gear, framework, secondary spring suspension gear and foundation brake rigging, it is described that to take turns right wheel be LMA tread wheel; It is characterized in that, the mounting means of described foundation brake rigging is three-point suspension formula structure, and its braking flap seat and tread sweeping device mount pad become one formula structure on described framework; Described axle box is the split-type structural that can separate up and down, and Fuse Type temperature sensor is installed on its top and real time temperature sensor monitors axle box internal temperature jointly, and off-line safety device is installed in its underpart; The drawing pull bar of described secondary spring suspension gear is single traction rod, and center pin installs overall lift additional, two one group, the every side of its anti-hunting damper holder and damping coefficient is identical.
2. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described derailing safety device is inverted " L " shape, comprises lateral part and the longitudinal component in side, below perpendicular to described lateral part; Described lateral part is provided with the mount pad formed by outward extending wing plate in the both sides of Width, described mount pad is provided with bolt hole; The medial surface of described longitudinal component is stop surface.
3. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described lateral part is lagging, and described vertical portion is divided into perpendicular baffle plate, and both are integral type structure.
4. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the thickness of described wing plate is less than described lateral part, and the end face of its end face and described lateral part is positioned at same plane.
5. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the lower surface of described lateral part is provided with indent position, the radian of its contact segment is consistent with the radian of rail top face, and by the arc sections position rounding off of described lateral part and longitudinal component intersection to described stop surface.
6. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described framework comprises curb girder, crossbeam between described curb girder, and described curb girder is provided with the air bellow seat for installing air bellow, and described crossbeam is the solid drawn pipe structure of hollow; Described framework also comprises passage, the main gas tank of air bellow described in described channel connection and described crossbeam cavity.
7. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 6, is characterized in that, also comprise the air chamber longitudinally arranged, the two ends of described air chamber are communicated with two described crossbeams respectively; Air chamber described in described channel connection is to realize and being communicated with of described crossbeam cavity.
8. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, the two ends of described air chamber are fixedly welded on the madial wall of corresponding described crossbeam, the position that described cross rail inner wall corresponds to described air chamber end offers crossbeam through hole, with crossbeam cavity described in conducting and described air chamber.
9. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described air chamber is the bending plate that cross section takes the shape of the letter U, with its open side longitudinal measure in the madial wall of described curb girder; Described air chamber connects described curb girder and described crossbeam.
10. high speed railway car bogie truck according to claim 9, is characterized in that, the position that described side rail inner wall is corresponding with described air chamber open side offers curb girder through hole; Described passage horizontally set, the main gas tank of air bellow described in the conducting of one end, the other end inserts described curb girder through hole with air chamber described in conducting.
CN201510061590.3A 2015-02-05 2015-02-05 Bogie of high-speed railway vehicle CN104627196B (en)

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CN201510061590.3A CN104627196B (en) 2015-02-05 2015-02-05 Bogie of high-speed railway vehicle
US15/106,274 US10011287B2 (en) 2015-02-05 2015-11-13 Bogie for high-speed railway vehicle
PCT/CN2015/094559 WO2016124023A1 (en) 2015-02-05 2015-11-13 High-speed rail vehicle bogie
GB1610700.5A GB2549547A (en) 2015-02-05 2015-11-13 High-speed rail vehicle bogie

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GB2549547A (en) * 2015-02-05 2017-10-25 Crrc Qingdao Sifang Co Ltd High-speed rail vehicle bogie
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GB2549547A (en) * 2015-02-05 2017-10-25 Crrc Qingdao Sifang Co Ltd High-speed rail vehicle bogie
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WO2017219555A1 (en) * 2016-06-21 2017-12-28 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Frame of bogie
CN108216286A (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-06-29 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of anti-snake device and bogie being transversely mounted
CN108032865A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-15 中车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of built-in bogie of laterally driven axle box
CN108146462A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Bogie frame
CN108146462B (en) * 2017-12-27 2019-11-05 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Bogie frame

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