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CN104626364A - Automatic-control mixed concrete feeder - Google Patents

Automatic-control mixed concrete feeder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104626364A
CN104626364A CN 201510081496 CN201510081496A CN104626364A CN 104626364 A CN104626364 A CN 104626364A CN 201510081496 CN201510081496 CN 201510081496 CN 201510081496 A CN201510081496 A CN 201510081496A CN 104626364 A CN104626364 A CN 104626364A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
shaped
connected
hopper
control
pyramid
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201510081496
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104626364B (en )
Inventor
王雅丽
付立彬
黄强
牟英伟
高富强
曹邦卿
王娟玲
陶杰
宋艳清
白宏洁
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盛文领
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C7/00Controlling the operation of apparatus for producing mixtures of clay or cement with other substances; Supplying or proportioning the ingredients for mixing clay or cement with other substances; Discharging the mixture
    • B28C7/0007Pretreatment of the ingredients, e.g. by heating, sorting, grading, drying, disintegrating; Preventing generation of dust
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C7/00Controlling the operation of apparatus for producing mixtures of clay or cement with other substances; Supplying or proportioning the ingredients for mixing clay or cement with other substances; Discharging the mixture
    • B28C7/0046Storage or weighing apparatus for supplying ingredients
    • B28C7/0053Storage containers, e.g. hoppers, silos, bins
    • B28C7/0076Parts or details thereof, e.g. opening, closing or unloading means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C7/00Controlling the operation of apparatus for producing mixtures of clay or cement with other substances; Supplying or proportioning the ingredients for mixing clay or cement with other substances; Discharging the mixture
    • B28C7/04Supplying or proportioning the ingredients
    • B28C7/06Supplying the solid ingredients, e.g. by means of endless conveyors or jigging conveyors
    • B28C7/067Supplying the solid ingredients, e.g. by means of endless conveyors or jigging conveyors by means of stationary hoppers, chambers or bins from which the material is fed gravitationally, e.g. having agitating means therein
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D88/00Large containers
    • B65D88/74Large containers having means for heating, cooling, aerating or other conditioning of contents
    • B65D88/744Large containers having means for heating, cooling, aerating or other conditioning of contents heating or cooling through the walls or internal parts of the container, e.g. circulation of fluid inside the walls

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic-control mixed concrete feeder which comprises a pyramid-shaped hopper, a trapezoid seesaw, a crusher, an arc-shaped scraping plate, a variable-frequency motor and a control module, wherein the trapezoid seesaw is connected to the inner wall of the pyramid-shaped hopper; the crusher is connected with the pyramid-shaped hopper through a bearing; the arc-shaped scraping plate is connected with four corners of the pyramid-shaped hopper through a guide cylinder and connected with a mini-sized shaft positioned on the lower end corner of the trapezoid seesaw through a first transmission rod; and the variable-frequency motor is connected to the outer wall of the pyramid-shaped hopper through a bolt, connected with a small shaft positioned on the trapezoid seesaw through a second transmission rod and meshed with a gear positioned on the shaft end of the crusher through a segment gear, and the variable-frequency motor is connected with the control module through a lead wire. The automatic-control mixed concrete feeder disclosed by the invention has the advantages of novelty in structure, smoothness in feeding, no phenomenon of blockage, stability in property, firmness, durability and high practicability.

Description

自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器 Automatic mixing concrete feeder

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及建筑施工设备技术领域,特别适用于混凝土搅拌自动控制上料设备中的四棱台形料斗。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of construction equipment, particularly suitable for automatic control of the concrete mixing device feeding the hopper of a quadrangular pyramid shape.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前混凝土搅拌站使用的自动控制上料设备中,四棱台形料斗有装震动器和螺旋推动器两种,都是为了使四棱台形料斗中的中砂自动下落到传送带或落到搅拌机中;装震动器和装螺旋推动器的四棱台形料斗均适用于砂粒均匀、含水率在8%以下,流动性较好的中砂,而对于含水率在8%以上的中砂、或带有碎小的冰冻结块的中砂,就很难适用了,往往造成四棱台形料斗内中砂堵塞,不能下落,并且也不符合拌合混凝土规范要求,碎小的冰冻结块的中砂容易造成浇筑的混凝土出现蜂窝,这也是造成浇筑混凝土严重的质量事故原因之一,装载机将中砂自上而下倒入四棱台形料斗时、冲击力大、加大了中砂在四棱台形料斗内的堆积密度,而湿度较大的中砂、粘结强度也大,支撑力较大,加之在震动器的震动作用下,使中砂沿四棱台形料斗坡壁四个方向往下 [0002] automatic control of the current feeding devices used in the concrete mixing station, a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper mounted vibrators and two kinds of screw propellers, are intended to enable a quadrangular pyramid shape in the sand hopper to the conveyor belt or falling automatically fall blender; means vibrator and mounted screw propellers quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper are suitable for uniform sand, moisture content of 8% or less, good fluidity of the sand, and for the water content of the sand at 8% or more, or with there Suixiao frozen agglomerated sand, it is difficult to apply, often resulting in clogging of the sand hopper quadrangular pyramid shape, can not fall, and the concrete mix does not meet specifications, frozen Suixiao agglomerated sand when pouring the concrete appear likely to cause cellular, which is caused by one of the serious quality of pouring concrete cause of the accident, the loader will pour sand from top to bottom quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, the impact force, increased sand in the quadrangular bulk density in the trapezoidal hopper, and humidity of the sand, the adhesive strength is large, a larger supporting force, coupled with motions at the vibrator, the sand of the four directions in a quadrangular pyramid shape along the hopper wall slope down 口聚集,而传送带与四棱台形料斗下口间的距离又小,在传送带不传送时装入中砂,更加密实,不能流动,特别是四棱台形料斗四角处的中砂更难下滑,失去了流动性,不能自动下落;而螺旋推动器推动四棱台形料斗内中砂时,形成下空上篷,也不能使中砂自动下落,使自动上料设备失去了自动控制配料和上料功能,还需要工人用铁锹一锹锹将中砂挖出,待畅通后,再将中砂一锹一锹装入四棱台形料斗内,这样浪费了大量的时间、人工及机械费,并且又要拖延施工工期、经常造成混凝土工程冻伤质量事故及增大工程成本。 Port aggregation, down quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper conveyor and the distance between the mouth and small, is not transferred into the sand in fashion belt, more dense, it can not flow, particularly in a quadrangular pyramid-shaped sand hopper at the four corners harder to decline, losing mobility, not automatically fall; and when the screw propellers driven by sand, formed in a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper empty the canopy, can not automatically fall in the sand, so that automatic feeding device loses control of automatic batching and feeding function, workers also need a spade a spade shovel to dig in the sand, until smooth, and then in the sand in a spade a spade into the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, which wastes a lot of time, labor and machinery costs, and delays but also construction period, often resulting in frostbite quality concrete work accidents and increased project costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是:提供一种自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,该设备能克服背景技术中的不足、并兼具其优点,能实现不受碎小的冰冻结块中砂影响,能使四棱台形料斗内的中砂自动下落顺畅,整个四棱台形料斗内没有附着中砂的死角,给自动化控制设备的配料、上料提供了保障。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to: provide an automatic feeder to control mixing of concrete, the apparatus can overcome the deficiencies of the background art, and both advantages can be realized without blocking Suixiao frozen sand impact, can that the sand hopper-shaped inner quadrangular station automatically fall smoothly without adhering sand in the entire quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper dead, dispensing equipment to automatic control, the feed to provide a guarantee.

[0004] 实现本发明所采取的技术方案是:该设备由四棱台形料斗、梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上、破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上、并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴活动连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接。 [0004] implement the technical solution provided by the present invention: The equipment consists of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, and a variable frequency motor control module, the trapezoidal bracket is connected via four seesaw shaped bevel on the inner wall of the hopper, via bearings breaker connected to the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, curved blade connected to the four corners of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper through the guide tube, and a first transmission rod via the corners of the trapezoidal lower end of the seesaw miniature shaft, via the inverter motor is bolted on the outer wall of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, and is connected via a second drive shaft with the pinion shaft seesaw activities, engaging with the sector gear by a gear shaft breaker, and the control inverter motor via the wire module.

[0005] 为了让四棱台形料斗内的冰冻砂块有效破碎使中砂顺畅下落,设置的变频电动机有两台,经导线与控制模块连接,均由控制模块控制,第一台变频电动机轴端有转动轮,转动轮上的偏心轴与第二传动杆连接,第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴活动连接,第一台变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁一侧、相邻的一侧经固定架、螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机、第二台变频电动机经扇形齿轮与破碎机端轴的齿轮啮合。 [0005] In order to make the frozen blocks of sand within the hopper quadrangular pyramid shape so that the effective crushing sand falling smoothly, there are provided two inverter motor, via a wire connected to the control module, the control by the control module, the first inverter motor shaft wheel has rotated, the rotation of the wheel on the eccentric shaft and the second shaft connector, and a second transmission rod activity on seesaw small shaft is connected, via the first inverter motor is bolted to the side of the outer wall of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, adjacent side of the holder via a bolt connected to the second variable frequency electric motor, the motor gear via a second frequency sector gear end of the shaft of the crusher.

[0006] 为了让四棱台形料斗内的中砂有效降低水分,使中砂顺畅下落,设置的翘翘板有两块,经支架分别设置在四棱台形料斗内相对的两个内壁上、并经带翻板的第三传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,每块翘翘板的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台形料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩连接,能胀缩的防护罩一侧与翘翘板粘接、另一侧与四棱台形料斗壁粘接,防护罩能防止中砂落入翘翘板与料斗壁之间的缝隙内,以免阻挡翘翘板的运动;翘翘板内设置有电加热板,该电加热板经导线与温度控制器连接,而温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接并由控制模块控制,对中砂进行加热破碎,降低中砂含水率,提高中砂、搅拌混凝土的温度,加快混凝土凝固速度、防止混凝土冻伤确保混凝土质量。 [0006] To keep the sand in the hopper in a quadrangular pyramid shape effectively reduce the moisture, so that smooth falling sand, with a seesaw disposed two by two brackets are provided on opposing inner walls of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, and the third axis of the transmission rod and the small activity on the seesaw via the tape flap is connected between the upper left and right each seesaw both sides of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper wall can shrink and expansion by the shield connector, can dilations shield adhesive side of the seesaw, the other side of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper wall with adhesive, the shield can be prevented in the gap between the hopper wall and the sand falls seesaw, to avoid blocking upturned the movement of the plate; the seesaw is provided with an electric heating plate, the heating plate via electric wires connected to a temperature controller, the temperature controller is connected by wire via the control module and the control module, the heating of the sand crushed, reduced sand moisture content and improve sand, stirred temperature of the concrete, the concrete to accelerate the solidification rate, to prevent frostbite concrete to ensure the quality of concrete.

[0007] 为了使四棱台形料斗内中砂顺畅下落,对中砂加热翻动、破碎冻结砂块,降低中砂含水率,加快混凝土凝固速度提高混凝土质量,设置的破碎机,由条形破碎刀片、转动轴及齿轮组成,破碎刀片垂直焊接在转动轴上,但破碎刀片的横断面和转动轴构成一个不等于90°的夹角,而转动轴端经销钉连接着齿轮,该转动轴为圆柱筒形,它的一端为开口,从开口插入有电加热棒,电加热棒经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘上、并经半球形法兰盘及螺栓与四棱台形料斗外壁连接,电加热棒经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接,并由控制模块控制;该破碎器有两个,平行设置在四棱台形料斗中,两个破碎器的刀片交叉排列,第一个破碎器轴端只有一个齿轮,第二个破碎器轴端有两个齿轮、其中轴外端的一个齿轮和第二台变频电动机轴 [0007] In order to make a quadrangular pyramid shape in the sand within the hopper fall smoothly on the turning heated sand, broken frozen blocks of sand, sand moisture content decreased, the solidification speed is increased to speed up the concrete the concrete quality, the crusher setting, by the crushing blade bar , and rotary shaft gears, vertical welding crushing blade on a rotating shaft, but the crushing blade cross-section and constituting a rotation shaft angle not equal to 90 °, and the rotation shaft distribution gear connected staple, which is a cylindrical rotary shaft cylindrical shape, one end of which is open, is inserted from the opening of electric heating rods, electric heating rods through the insulating material is fixed to the semi-spherical flange, and a hemispherical flange and connected via a bolt with a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper outer wall, electrical heating rod temperature controller via a wire connected to temperature controller via a wire connected to the control module by the control module; the crusher has two parallel quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper is provided, the blades are arranged two cross breaker of the first axial end a breaker only one gear, the second shaft has two gears breaker, wherein an outer end of the shaft gear and a second variable frequency motor shaft 的扇形齿轮啮合,另一个齿轮和过桥齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮又和第一个破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮经销钉连接在轴上、过桥齿轮的轴经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,过桥齿轮轴的中段经轴承与支撑架连接,支撑架经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗壁上,过桥齿轮轴端还有一个经销钉连接的齿轮,该齿轮与第二台变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮转动时啮合,过桥齿轮的轴可转动。 Sector gear, and the carrier gear engages another gear, and the carrier gear has a first axial end of the gear is broken, and the distribution of the staple carrier gear coupled to the shaft, the gear shaft via a bearing bridge connected quadrangular trapezoidal outer wall of the hopper, the middle of the bridge is connected to the gear shaft via a bearing support frame, the support frame is bolted via a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper walls, the carrier gear shaft gears there is a distribution of connected nails, the gear engaging a second rotation shaft of the sector gear inverter motor, a rotatable shaft carrier gear.

[0008] 为了使四棱台形料斗内中砂顺畅下落减小四个内角的摩擦力,在四棱台形料斗四个内角设置成弧形角并有弧形刮板,该弧形刮板由导向杆和刮板本体组成,刮板本体上的把手穿过弧形角、导向筒上的狭缝焊接在导向杆上,导向杆上的微型轴可在弧形角、导向筒上的狭缝内滑动,并经第一传动杆与翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接。 [0008] In order to make a quadrangular pyramid shape in the sand within the hopper fall smoothly reduced friction four interior angles, arranged in an arc angle of quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper and four arcuate interior angle blade, the blade by the arcuate guide the lever and the blade body composition, through the body of the handle on the blade arc angle, the guide rod, the guide rod axis micro slit on the slit welding arc angle in the guide cylinder, the guide tube sliding, and connected via a first transmission rod and the micro-axis at the lower corner seesaw.

[0009] 本发明的积极效果是:结构新颖、操作简便,料斗内中砂均可顺畅下落,四角处不再有附着的中砂,给混凝土搅拌站自动化控制设备提供供料保障、配料精准、上料及时,使用性能稳定、坚固耐用,实用性强;比现有技术设备可减少大量不必要的电能损失、人工及机械费损失;对于含水率在8%以上中砂,既可破碎并化解冰冻结块中砂、降低含水率使中砂顺畅下落,又能提高中砂温度,保障混凝土在冬季的施工质量,再也不会因料斗堵塞而拖延施工工期、增大工程成本,彻底解决了因此造成的,混凝土质量以及工期违约罚款等问题。 [0009] The positive effect of the present invention are: novel structure, easy to operate, the hopper can be smoothly falling sand, sand at the four corners are no longer attached, concrete mixing station to the control device provides automatic protection feed, precise ingredients, when the materials, stable performance, durable, practical; than prior art devices may reduce the number of unnecessary loss of energy, loss of labor and machinery costs; for more than 8% moisture content in the sand, crushed and resolve both frozen lumps in the sand, to reduce the moisture content of the sand smooth whereabouts, but also raise the temperature in the sand to protect the concrete in winter construction quality, never because of clogging hopper delay the construction period, increasing the cost of the project, completely solved thus causing the concrete quality and duration of non-compliance fines and other issues.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 附图1为本发明外部结构示意图; [0010] Figure 1 a schematic view of the external structure of the present invention;

附图2为附图1的侧视图; Figure 2 is a side view of the accompanying drawings;

附图3为附图1的俯视图; Figure 3 is a top view of the drawings Figure 1;

附图4为附图3上的A — A剖视图; 附图5为附图3上的B — B向剖视图(即刮板本体与导向杆、导向筒、弧形角以及四棱台形外壁连接相对位置示意图); Figures 4 to 3 on the drawings A - A cross-sectional view; FIG. 5 is the reference B 3 - B relative to the cross-sectional view of the connection (i.e., the blade body and the guide rod, the guide tube, and arc angle of quadrangular pyramid-shaped wall schematic position);

附图6为附图3上的破碎机轴内电加热棒及端部半球形法兰盘大样示意图; BRIEF electric heating rods 6 of the inner shaft and the large sample crusher schematic hemispherical end portion on the flange 3 of the accompanying drawings;

附图7为控制模块与变频电动机、温度控制器连接示意图,以及温度控制器与电加热棒、电加热板连接示意图。 Figure 7 is a variable frequency motor control module, a schematic view of the temperature controller is connected, and a temperature controller and electric heating rods, electric heating plate connection diagram.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0011] 本发明如附图1、2、3所示,该设备由四棱台形料斗1、梯形翘翘板2、破碎器3、弧形刮板4、变频电动机5及控制模块8组成,梯形翘翘板2经支架21连接在四棱台形料斗I内壁上、破碎器3经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗I上,弧形刮板4经导向筒11与四棱台形料斗I内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆22与梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23连接,变频电动机5经固定架6及螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁上、并经第二传动杆24与梯形翘翘板2上小轴活动连接,变频电动机5经扇形齿轮521与破碎器3轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机5经导线28与控制模块8连接。 [0011] The present invention as shown in figures 2, 3, the device is formed from a hopper table 1 quadrangular, trapezoidal seesaw 2, 3 breaker, the arcuate blade 4, 5 and a variable frequency motor control module composed of 8, trapezoidal seesaw 2 via the bracket 21 attached to the inner wall of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I, breaker 3 is connected via a bearing on a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I, arcuate blade 4 through the guide tube 11 and the inner four corners of the quadrangular frustum I hopper connection 23 and connected via a shaft 22 and a micro 2 seesaw lower corners of the trapezoid first drive rod 5 through the inverter motor is bolted bracket 6 and the outer wall of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I, and the second transmission rod 24 via the Events connected to the small shaft 2 on ladder seesaw, the motor 5 via the inverter 521 and the sector gear breaker gear engagement shaft 3, the electric motor 5 connected to inverter 28 via a wire 8 with the control module. 为了使四棱台形料斗I内的中砂、顺畅下落,且有效破碎冰冻砂块,提高中砂温度,降低中砂含水率,设置的变频电动机5有两台,经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制,第一台变频电动机51轴端有转动轮511、转动轮511上的偏心轴与第二传动杆24连接,第二传动杆24与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴活动连接;第一台变频电动机51经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁一侧,相邻的外壁一侧经固定架6及螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机52,第二台变频电动机52经扇形齿轮521与破碎器3轴端的齿轮啮合;设置的梯形翘翘板2有两块,经支架21分别连接在四棱台形料斗I相对的两个内壁上,并经带矩形翻板251的第三传动杆25与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴活动连接,每块梯形翘翘板2的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩26连接,能胀缩的防护罩26 —侧与梯形翘翘板2粘 In order to make the sand hopper quadrangular trapezoid in the I, smoothly falling, and effectively crushed blocks of frozen sand, sand temperature increase, reducing the moisture content of sand, the inverter motor 5 is provided with two, connected via wires 28 to the control module 8 8 control by the control module, the first inverter motor 51 has a rotary wheel shaft 511, the rotation of the wheel on the eccentric shaft 511 and the second transmission rod 24 is connected, the second transmission rod 24 with the pinion shaft 2 trapezoidal seesaw active connections; first inverter connected to the electric motor 51 via a bolt-shaped hopper table I quadrangular outer wall side, an outer wall 6 and the adjacent side of the bolt holder via a second inverter connected to the electric motor 52, a second motor 52 via the inverter the sector gear 521 and the shaft 3 breaker gear; ladder 2 is provided with a seesaw two, first through the bracket 21 are connected to the two inner walls of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I opposed, and dried with rectangular flap 251 three small seesaw transmission rod 25 on the shaft 2 is connected to the active trapezoid, each trapezoid between the right and left sides of the upper and quadrangular station 2 via the hopper wall seesaw dilations can shield 26 is connected, can dilations shield 26 - 2 sticky side of the trapezoidal seesaw ,另一侧与四棱台形料斗I壁粘接,防护罩26能防止中砂落入梯形翘翘板2与四棱台形料斗I壁之间的缝隙内,以免阻挡梯形翘翘板的运动;梯形翘翘板2内设置有电加热板27,该电加热板27经导线28与温度控制器29连接,温度控制器29经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制,可提高中砂拌和混凝土的温度,加快混凝土的凝固,确保混凝土质量(如附图1、2、3、4、7所示);而设置的破碎器3由破碎刀片31、转动轴32及齿轮组成,破碎刀片31垂直焊接在转动轴32上,但破碎刀片31的横断面和转动轴32构成一个不等于90°的夹角,使其翻砂破碎效果更好,转动轴32端经销钉连接着齿轮,该转动轴32为圆柱筒形,它的一端为开口,从开口处插入有电加热棒321,电加热棒321经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘322上,并经半球形法兰盘322及螺栓与四棱台形料斗I外壁连接,电加 , The other side of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper wall I adhesive, the inner shield 26 can be prevented from falling into the gap between the sand and the quadrangular pyramid trapezoidal shape seesaw 2 I hopper wall, so as not to block movement of the trapezoidal seesaw; 2 is provided with an electric heating plate seesaw ladder 27, the electric heating plate 27 via a wire 28 connected to a temperature controller 29, temperature controller 29 is connected by a control module 8 via the control wire 28 and the control module 8, can improve the sand concrete mixing temperature to accelerate the solidification of the concrete, ensure the quality of concrete (as shown in the drawings 1,2,3,4,7); and provided by the crushing blade 3 breaker 31, the rotation shaft 32 and gears, broken blade 31 is welded to the vertical rotation shaft 32, but the cross section crushing blade 31 and the rotating shaft 32 constituting a 90 ° angle is not equal, it is better foundry broken, the rotary shaft 32 is connected to the end of the staple distribution gear, which a cylindrical rotary shaft 32 is cylindrical, one end of which is open, with an electric heating rod 321 is inserted from the opening, electric heating rods through the insulating material 321 is fixed to the hemispherical flange 322, and flange 322 and by a hemispherical bolt-shaped hopper table I quadrangular outer wall connecting, electric heating 棒321经导线28与温度控制器29连接,温度控制器29经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制;该破碎器3有两个、平行设置在四棱台形料斗I中,两个破碎器的破碎刀片交叉排列,第一个破碎器30轴端只有一个齿轮301,第二个破碎器300轴端有两个齿轮、其中轴外端的一齿轮3002和第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521啮合、另一个齿轮3001和过桥齿轮7啮合,过桥齿轮7又和第一个破碎器30轴端的齿轮301啮合,而过桥齿轮7轴端经轴承与四棱台形料斗I外壁连接,过桥齿轮7轴的中段经轴承与支撑架71连接,而支撑架71经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁上,过桥齿轮7与轴经销钉连接,过桥齿轮7轴端的一个齿轮72也经销钉连接,该过桥齿轮7轴端的齿轮72和第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521啮合,过桥齿轮7的轴可转动(如附图1、2、3、4、6、7所示)。 29 rod 321 is connected via a wire 28 to a temperature controller, the temperature controller 29 is connected by a control module 8 via the control wire 28 and the control module 8; the breaker 3 has two parallel quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper provided I, two crushing blades arranged in a cross-breaker, a first breaker 30 is only one gear shaft 301, a second breaker 300 has two gear shaft, wherein the outer end of the shaft of a gear motor 3002 and a second inverter shaft 52 end of the sector gear 521 engages the gear 3001 engages another gear 7 and the bridge, the bridge 301 engages the shaft 30 and the gears 7 and a broken first gear, and the carrier gear shaft via a bearing 7 and a quadrangular pyramid shaped hopper I an outer wall connected to the middle carrier gear shaft 7 is connected to the support frame via a bearing 71, while the wall bracket 71 is bolted through the outer quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I, the carrier gear shaft 7 and the distribution nail connection, the carrier gear shaft 7 gear 72 also distributes a nail connection, the carrier gear shaft 7 of the gear 72 and the sector gear of the second stage inverter 521 engages the motor shaft 52, the carrier gear shaft 7 can be rotated (as indicated by reference 1,2,3,4 , as shown in 6, 7). 为了减小中砂在四个角的下滑时摩擦力,在四棱台形料斗I四个内角处设置成弧形角12,并设置有弧形刮板4,该弧形刮板4由导向杆41和刮板本体42组成,刮板本体42的弧形端有刮板把手43,刮板把手43穿过弧形角12及导向筒11上的狭缝111与导向杆41垂直焊接,导向杆41与导向筒11承插连接,导向杆41沿导向筒11滑动,导向杆41经微型轴与第一传动杆22 —端连接,第一传动杆22另一端与梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23连接,导向筒11连接在四棱台形料斗I四个内角与弧形角12之间(如附图3、4、5所示)。 In order to reduce the falling sand at the four corners of the frictional force, the I four inner corner arc angle 12 is disposed quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, and is provided with a curved blade 4, the blade 4 by the curved guide composition 41 and the blade body 42, curved end 42 of the blade body has a blade handle 43, the handle 43 through the slit blade 111 and the guide on the guide cylinder 12 and the arc angle of 41 vertical weld 11, the guide rods the guide cylinder 41 and the socket connector 11, the guide rod 41 slides along the guide cylinder 11, the guide rod 41 via the microcomputer 22 with the first transmission shaft rod - connecting end, a first drive rod 22 and the other end of the trapezoidal lower corners seesaw 2 micro shaft 23 is connected, the guide tube 11 is connected in a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I and four interior angle 12 between the arc angle (as shown in figures 3,4,5).

[0012] 本发明工作原理及使用方法:本发明为混凝土搅拌站使用的自动控制上料机传送带上的四棱台形料斗,将中砂放入四棱台形料斗I中,操作控制模块8,启动两台变频电动机5,第一台变频电动机51轴端的转动轮511经偏心轴连接的第二传动杆24推动梯形翘翘板2翘动,由于两个梯形翘翘板2之间经带矩形翻板251的第三传动杆25与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴连接,两个梯形翘翘板2对四棱形料斗I内的中砂进行推拉翻动,同时第三传动杆25上矩形翻板251对中砂也进行推拉翻动,又因第三传动杆25上的翻板251处在四棱台形料斗的下口,并且两梯形翘翘板2的下端也处在四棱台形料斗I下口,运动起来的中砂便落到传送带上被运走;对于含水率在8%以上的中砂和含有碎小的冻结砂块的中砂,以及装载机装入料斗内的中砂、密度加大又很难下落的中砂,操作控制模块8,启动温 [0012] The working principle and method of the present invention: automatic control of the present invention is a quadrangular pyramid-shaped concrete mixing plant hoppers on the feeder conveyor, the sand hopper into a quadrangular pyramid shape I, the operation of the control module 8, starting two variable frequency motor 5, the first transmission rod 51 of the second axial end 511 of the inverter motor rotating wheel connected to the shaft 24 via the eccentric push trapezoidal seesaw movable Alice 2, since the seesaw between two trapezoidal belt 2 by turning the rectangular the third drive plate 251 of the rod 25 is connected with the pinion shaft 2 on ladder seesaw, two pairs of two trapezoidal seesaw sand within the hopper four prism push and pull flip I, while the third transmission lever 25 turn rectangular alignment plate 251 also push the sand flip, because the flap 25 on the transmission rod 251 is under a third port quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, and the lower end of the two trapezoidal seesaw 2 also in the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper I mouth, movement up sand falls on the conveyor belt are transported away; Suixiao sand containing frozen blocks of sand for sand moisture content of 8% or more, and the loader charged sand in the hopper, the density and very difficult to increase the falling sand, the operation control module 8, starting temperature 控器29,使梯形翘翘板2内的电加热板27以及破碎器3内的电加热棒321加热、破碎器3转动将碎小冻结砂块破碎并翻动加热融化,降低其水分,提高中砂温度,而破碎器3平行设置了两个、且两转动轴32上的破碎刀片31交叉排列,第二台变频电动机52转动时,第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521与过桥齿轮7轴端的齿轮72及第二个破碎器300轴外端的齿轮3002交替啮合,使两破碎器3轴上的破碎刀片交替上下破碎及翻动中砂、使中砂流动,自动落到传送带上被带走;对于四棱台形料斗四角处的中砂,在弧形刮板4的作用下以及弧形角12的设置,中砂也能流动起来,使中砂下滑到传送带上被带走,由于梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23经第一传动杆22带动导向杆41、而导向杆41沿导向筒11滑动,而刮板本体42上的把手43经弧形角12、导向筒11上的狭缝焊接在导向杆41上,因此 Controller 29, electrically heated seesaw trapezoid plate 227 and the inner disruptor 321 heated in electric heating rods 3, 3 rotatably disrupter Suixiao frozen blocks of sand and crushed flip heated to melt, reduce moisture increase in sand temperature, and breaker 3 is provided with two parallel and two crushing blade rotates the shaft 3231 of staggered, the second stage inverter motor 52 is rotated, the second stage inverter motor shaft 52 and the carrier gear sector gear 521 the outer end of the shaft 7 of the gear shaft 300 of the gear 72 and the second crushing 3002 alternately engaging the two breaker shaft 3 breaking down and crushing blade alternately flip sand, so that sand flow is automatically fall on the conveyor belt walking; sand quadrangular pyramid shape for the four corners of the hopper, under the action of the arcuate blade 4 and the arc angle 12 is provided, sand can flow up the sand falling onto a conveyor belt is taken away, trapezoid 2 micro-axis angles at the lower end of the first seesaw 23 via the transmission rod 22 to drive the guide rods 41, 41 and 11 slide along the guide rod guide tube, while the handle 43 via arcuate corner 12, the guide cylinder body 42 on the blade 11 welded slit in the guide rod 41, 形翘翘板2的连续翘动,弧形刮板也连续不断地刮动中砂、使四棱台形料斗内再也没有阻碍中砂下落的死角,开始上料和停止上料时以及上料的多少均可由控制操作平台及控制模块8来实现,给自动控制上料,配料设备提供了保障。 Alice continuous shaped seesaw actuator 2, the arcuate blade also continuously scraping the sand, so that no obstacles in the blind spot of sand falling quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, the start and stop feeding when the feeding and loading 8 how much can be achieved by the control platform and a control module to control the automatic feeding, dispensing equipment provide a guarantee.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:它由四棱台形料斗,梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上,破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接。 1. Automatic feeder control mixing concrete, characterized in that: it consists of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, and a variable frequency motor control module, connected to the holder via seesaw trapezoidal quadrangular on the inner wall of the hopper-shaped table, breakers quadrangular pyramid shape in the hopper, the arcuate blade through the guide tube and the inner four corners of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper is connected via a bearing connection, and the first transmission rod via the lower corners of the trapezoidal micro shaft seesaw connected, via inverter motor is bolted on the outer wall of the quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, and a small shaft is connected via a second transmission seesaw lever, meshing with the sector gear by a gear shaft breaker, the motor is connected via a wire to the inverter control module.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的变频电动机有两台,第一台变频电动机轴端有转动轮、并经转动轮上偏心轴与第二传动杆连接,第二传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,第一台变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁一侧、相邻的一侧经螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机、第二台变频电动机经扇形齿轮与破碎机轴端的齿轮啮合。 The automatic control according to claim 1 mixed concrete feeder, characterized in that: said motor has two inverter, the first inverter motor with a rotating wheel shaft, and the eccentric shaft is rotated by the second wheel and shaft connector, and a second transmission rod activity on seesaw small shaft is connected, via the first inverter motor is bolted to the outer wall side of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper, the side adjacent to the bolt via a second inverter connected to the electric motor , via a second inverter motor shaft of the sector gear with the gear crusher.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的翘翘板有两块,经支架分别连接在四棱台形料斗内相对的两个内壁上、并经第三传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,每块翘翘板的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台形料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩连接,翘翘板内部设置有电加热板、该电加热板经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接。 Automatic control according to claim 1, wherein said mixing concrete feeder, wherein: the seesaw has two, are connected to the bracket via a quadrangular pyramid shape in the two opposite inner walls of the hopper, through the first and three transmission rod is connected with the pinion shaft of seesaw activities, can be connected via a shield dilations between the upper left and right each seesaw both sides of a quadrangular pyramid-shaped hopper walls, the interior is provided with an electrically seesaw heating plate, the plate is heated electrically via a wire connected to a temperature controller, the temperature controller via a wire connected to the control module.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的破碎机,由条形破碎刀片,转动轴及齿轮组成,条形破碎刀片焊接在转动轴上,转动轴端经销钉连接着齿轮,该破碎机有两个、平行设置在四棱台形料斗中、两个破碎机的条形破碎刀片交叉排列,其中一个破碎机轴端有一个齿轮,另一个破碎机轴端有两个齿轮、其中轴外端的一个齿轮和变频电动机轴上的扇形齿轮啮合,而两个破碎机轴端的齿轮均有一个和过桥齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮经销钉与轴连接,该轴经轴承及支撑架连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,过桥齿轮轴端还有一个齿轮和变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮转动时啮合。 The automatic control according to claim 1 mixed concrete feeder, wherein: the crusher by the crushing blade bar, the rotary shaft and gears, welded strip crushing blade on a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft distribution end gear connected staple, which crusher has two parallel quadrangular pyramid shape disposed in the hopper, two crusher bar arranged to intersect crushing blade, wherein a crusher has a gear shaft, the other shaft crusher end has two gears, wherein one gear and the sector gear inverter motor shaft engaging the outer end of the shaft, and the two axial ends of the crusher and the engaging gear has a gear bridge, the bridge connected to the shaft gear distribution staple, the shaft bearings and support frame connected to the outer wall of the hopper quadrangular pyramid shape, when the bridge engages the gear shaft and a gear and the sector gear inverter motor shaft rotation.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的弧形刮板由导向杆、刮板本体组成,刮板本体上把手经弧形角及导向筒上的狭缝垂直焊接在导向杆上,导向杆上的微型轴经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接,导向杆与导向筒承插连接。 The automatic control according to a stirred concrete feeder, as claimed in claim wherein: said arc-shaped blade by the guide rods, the scraper body composition, the handle body via the blade angle and the arc of the guide cylinder welding vertical slit guide rod, the guide rod through the micro-micro-shaft axis of the first transmission rod and the lower corner of the trapezoid seesaw connected to the guide rod guide tube socket connection.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的转动轴为圆柱筒形,一端为开口,从开口处插入有电加热棒,电加热棒经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘上,并经半球形法兰盘及螺栓与四棱台形料斗外壁连接,电加热棒经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接。 Electric heating rods through the insulating material of the fixed axis of rotation of the cylinder barrel, an opening at one end, with an electric heating rod is inserted from the opening,: 6. Automatic control according to claim 4, wherein the mixing of concrete feeder, wherein on the semi-spherical flange, and a hemispherical flange and bolt through the outer wall connecting quadrangular trapezoidal hopper, electric heating rods connected via a wire to a temperature controller, the temperature controller via a wire connected to the control module.
CN 201510081496 2015-02-15 2015-02-15 Automatic mixing concrete feeder CN104626364B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN 201510081496 CN104626364B (en) 2015-02-15 2015-02-15 Automatic mixing concrete feeder

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104608250B (en) * 2015-02-15 2016-08-31 河南恒禹水利工程有限公司 A robot batching hopper

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US3563283A (en) * 1967-07-05 1971-02-16 Mash Z Mir Automatic machine for making stirrups and structural reinforcement
CN201036896Y (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-03-19 刘洪彬 Equipment for forming gypsum wallboard
CN201511432U (en) * 2009-08-28 2010-06-23 汤凯全 Concrete special-shaped anti-knock precast slab forming machine
CN201525075U (en) * 2009-10-25 2010-07-14 张玉川 Sand brick press
CN201889839U (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-07-06 南通博耐机械有限公司 Environment-friendly circulating processing equipment for building formworks

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3563283A (en) * 1967-07-05 1971-02-16 Mash Z Mir Automatic machine for making stirrups and structural reinforcement
CN201036896Y (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-03-19 刘洪彬 Equipment for forming gypsum wallboard
CN201511432U (en) * 2009-08-28 2010-06-23 汤凯全 Concrete special-shaped anti-knock precast slab forming machine
CN201525075U (en) * 2009-10-25 2010-07-14 张玉川 Sand brick press
CN201889839U (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-07-06 南通博耐机械有限公司 Environment-friendly circulating processing equipment for building formworks

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104608250B (en) * 2015-02-15 2016-08-31 河南恒禹水利工程有限公司 A robot batching hopper

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