CN104624343B - Organic fertilizer process equipment - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer process equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104624343B
CN104624343B CN201510008539.6A CN201510008539A CN104624343B CN 104624343 B CN104624343 B CN 104624343B CN 201510008539 A CN201510008539 A CN 201510008539A CN 104624343 B CN104624343 B CN 104624343B
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Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
organic fertilizer
fine screen
fine
hopper
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CN201510008539.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104624343A (en
Inventor
李建文
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李建文
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Priority to CN201510008539.6A priority Critical patent/CN104624343B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B1/00Packaging fluent solid material, e.g. powders, granular or loose fibrous material, loose masses of small articles, in individual containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, or jars
    • B65B1/30Devices or methods for controlling or determining the quantity or quality or the material fed or filled
    • B65B1/32Devices or methods for controlling or determining the quantity or quality or the material fed or filled by weighing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • B02C2013/2816Shape or construction of beater elements of chain, rope or cable type

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of organic fertilizer process equipment, including frame, hopper, coarse fodder conveyer belt, reducing mechanism, fine screen device, fine fodder conveyer belt, conveyer, bottle placer and control device, hopper and fine screen device are separately mounted to the both sides of frame, fine screen device is driven by motor, reducing mechanism passes through electric motor starting, reducing mechanism is arranged in the frame between hopper and fine screen device, coarse fodder conveyer belt is arranged on feed hopper bottom, material is delivered at fine screen device portal, fine fodder conveyer belt is arranged on fine screen bottom of device.This product simple structure, cost is relatively low, can realize carrying out the organic fertilizer coarse fodder for thering is water content to be up to 50 60% automation crushing, screening operation, filling operation, can be continuously produced organic fertilizer, yield is high, saves manpower and materials, solves that prior art dust in organic fertilizer process is big, noise is big, the problems such as environmental pollution is serious, has energetically promoted the sound development of organic fertilizer industry.

Description

Organic fertilizer process equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic fertilizer process equipment field, more particularly to a kind of organic fertilizer process equipment.
Background technology
With expanding day by day for pollution-less agriculture and green foods market, organic fertilizer is into production pollution-less agriculture and green The irreplaceable fertilizer of food.Organic fertilizer be mainly derived from plant and(Or)Animal, imposes on soil to provide plant nutrient as it The carbonaceous material of major function.Processed through biological substance, animals and plants discarded object, plant residue, eliminated therein poisonous Harmful substance, rich in a large amount of benefit materials, including:Various organic acids, peptides and including the abundant battalion including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium Support element.Full nutrition can not only be provided for crops, and fertilizer efficiency is long, can increase and update the soil organism, promotes micro- life Thing is bred, and improves the physicochemical property and bioactivity of soil, is the Main Nutrients of pollution-free food production.
The pulverizing processing technique and quality of organic granulated fertilizer directly affect the production efficiency and fertilizer quality of fertilizer.Fertilizer Material pulverizer is one of essential equipment in organic commercial fertilizer industrialization production, and current fertilizer crusher is to being crushed Material water ratio requirement is harsh, and the fertilizer larger for humidity cannot be crushed fully, typically require that its moisture content is less than 15%, cause existing goods Industrialization of Organic Fertilizer production technology to have dry process together before crushing, stoving process can be made It is dead into the flora in fertilizer, have impact on giving full play to for fertilizer efficiency.However, the balling-up mechanism requirement material of general organic fertilizer Minimum moisture content between 25%-40%, therefore, having to apply again water spray operation after granulation makes fertilizer water content reach phase The standard answered.Problem above result in that dust in organic fertilizer process is big, noise is big, and environmental pollution is serious, fertilizer processing Equipment is easily blocked in process of production, maintenance difficult, yield poorly under the problems such as, had a strong impact on organic fertilizer industry health hair Exhibition.
The content of the invention
In order to solve technological deficiency present in existing organic fertilizer process equipment in background technology, the invention provides one kind Organic fertilizer process equipment, it can be to water content 50% or so, or even water content is crushed in 60% organic fertilizer, and The daily output of organic fertilizer reaches 200-300 tons or so, and yield is high.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:A kind of organic fertilizer process equipment, including frame, hopper, coarse fodder conveyer belt, Reducing mechanism, fine screen device and fine fodder conveyer belt, conveyer, bottle placer, control device, the hopper and fine screen device are pacified respectively Mounted in the both sides of frame, the fine screen device is driven by motor, and the reducing mechanism is arranged between hopper and fine screen device Frame on, by electric motor starting, the coarse fodder conveyer belt is arranged on feed hopper bottom to reducing mechanism, and material is delivered into fine screen dress At posting port, the fine fodder conveyer belt is arranged on fine screen bottom of device, and the conveyer is used for the material on fine fodder conveyer belt It is delivered in bottle placer, filling motor spindle is provided with packaging bag conveyer belt, weight is installed in the frame of packaging bag conveyer belt Quantity sensor, the weight sensor is connected with control device, and the quality information of real-time detection is sent into control device, control Motor of the device also with bottle placer and packaging bag conveyer belt is connected, for controlling bottle placer and packaging bag conveyer belt Start and stop.
Further, the hopper and coarse fodder conveyer belt are obliquely welded in frame, the exit side of coarse fodder conveyer belt Higher than its opposite side.
Further, the fine screen device is obliquely installed, and its charging aperture is higher than discharging opening.
Further, the fine screen device includes the roll stand of rotating shaft one, annular and the roller of mesh-like, the roll stand weldering It is connected on rotating shaft axial direction, the roller is arranged in roll stand.
Further, the reducing mechanism includes rotating shaft two and crushed piece, and rotating shaft two is driven by motor, set in rotating shaft two Lug is equipped with, the crushed piece is arranged on lug.
Further, the crushed piece is chain form.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the technique effect that this product is produced has:This product simple structure, cost is relatively low, can be with Realize carrying out the organic fertilizer coarse fodder for having water content up to 50-60% automation crushing, screening operation, filling operation, can serialization Production organic fertilizer, the daily output is up to 200-300 tons, and yield is high, saves manpower and materials, solves prior art in organic fertilizer Dust is big, noise big in material process, and environmental pollution is serious, and fertilizer process equipment easily blocks in process of production, and maintenance is tired It is difficult, yield poorly under the problems such as, energetically promoted the sound development of organic fertilizer industry.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of fine screen device;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of reducing mechanism;
Wherein:1st, frame, 2, hopper, 3, coarse fodder conveyer belt, 4, reducing mechanism, 5, fine screen device, 6, fine fodder conveyer belt, 7, Conveyer, 8, bottle placer, 9, control device, 10, packaging bag conveyer belt, 11, weight sensor, 12, motor, 41, rotating shaft Two, 42, crushed piece, 43, lug, 51, rotating shaft one, 52, roll stand, 53, roller.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment of the invention is illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The present invention is primarily used for the equipment that organic fertilizer coarse fodder is sieved, and equipment is being transmitted using full-automatic structure During to water content for the caking fertilizer of 50-60% is fully crushed, and fine sieve point can be carried out.This hair is illustrated below Bright structure:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, organic fertilizer process equipment of the invention, including frame 1, hopper 2, coarse fodder conveyer belt 3, powder Crushing device 4, fine screen device 5, fine fodder conveyer belt 6, conveyer 7, bottle placer 8, control device 9.
Hopper 2 is the cuboid hopper that mouthful shape is held back in open topped, bottom, its side for being obliquely welded on frame 1, its Height of the height of middle exit side higher than opposite side, it is therefore an objective to prevent material to be stacked into discharge end in blanking, caused crushing is not And produce obstructing problem.Fine screen device 5 is arranged on the opposite side with respect to hopper in frame, as shown in figure 3, fine screen device includes turning The roll stand 52 of axle one 51, annular and the roller 53 of mesh-like, the end sleeve of rotating shaft 1 are equipped with bearing, and bearing is arranged on support On, support and the position-limiting action of countershaft are played, roll stand 52 is welded on the axial direction of rotating shaft 1, the support as roller Frame, roller 53 is arranged in roll stand by the way of welding.The end of rotating shaft 1 uses electricity by chain and gearing methods Motivation is driven.Fine screen device 5 of the invention is equally obliquely installed, and its charging aperture side is higher than its discharging opening side, it is therefore an objective to thing Material is more smoothly entered into roller 53, and is expelled to outside from discharging opening.
Coarse fodder conveyer belt 3 is arranged on the bottom of hopper 2, as with hopper 2, is obliquely welded in frame 1, and coarse fodder is passed Send and be configured higher than its opposite side with 3 exit side, a large amount of materials pour in discharge end and cause to pile up obstruction feelings when preventing blanking Condition.Coarse fodder conveyer belt is used to for material to be delivered to the porch of fine screen device 5.Fine fodder conveyer belt 6 is arranged on the bottom of fine screen device 5, For being collected to sieving the fines for dropping in roller 53.
Conveyer 7 is arranged on the exit side of fine fodder conveyer belt 6, filling for the material on fine fodder conveyer belt 6 to be delivered to In machine 8.Bottom on front side of bottle placer is provided with packaging bag conveyer belt 10, and weight is provided with the frame of packaging bag conveyer belt 10 Quantity sensor 11, weight sensor 11 is connected with control device 9, and the weight after Filling bag is filled is preset in weight sensor Value, control device 9 is sent in pouring process by the quality information of real-time detection, control device 9 also with bottle placer and bag The motor 12 for packing conveyer belt is connected, after opening bottle placer(In pouring process), the instruction of control device output signal Packaging bag conveyer belt is automatically stopped operation, after weight sensor detection reaches default mass value, signal is delivered into control Device, control device instruction bottle placer is out of service, and conveyer belt is started running.
As shown in figure 4, reducing mechanism of the invention 4 is arranged in the frame between hopper and fine screen device, reducing mechanism 4 Including rotating shaft 2 41 and crushed piece 42, the end sleeve of rotating shaft 2 42 is equipped with bearing, and bearing is arranged in frame, for countershaft two Support limit, rotating shaft two is driven by motor, and multiple lugs 43 are provided with rotating shaft two, and through hole, powder are set on lug Aster 42 is arranged on lug by bolt.Crushed piece can be selected according to actual conditions, here preferably chain form, When rotating shaft two rotates, chain is gone then circumferentially to be carried out whipping by centrifugal action, and then to the block on coarse fodder conveyer belt 3 Shape organic fertilizer is crushed, and size-reduced material is sieved in being sent to roller in time by the conveyer belt for operating without stopping.Many institutes Known, water content material higher is more easily being bonded to each other, and causes the obstruction of pulverizer, is brought to disintegrating process It is difficult.At present, on the market general can only achieve of numerous pulverizers is processed water content in 45% or so material, for Water content is still problem in the material of 50-60%, because excessive water content can cause material to be bonded together in pulverization cylinder, is made Into obstruction.For the application, reducing mechanism continuously carries out impact crushing to the material on conveyer belt, by the thing crushed Material is continuously delivered in roller, is continued through the screen cloth on roller and is fallen on fine fodder conveyer belt.Reduce to a certain extent The bonding of material, increases the treating capacity of material.
The course of work of this product is:Blanking is carried out in hopper, earthworm fertilizer is delivered to crushing through coarse fodder conveyer belt At device, reducing mechanism carries out whiplash crushing to blocky organic fertilizer not of uniform size, and material drops through coarse fodder conveyer belt discharge end To in roller, under the roller rotating force of mesh-like, the graininess organic fertilizer less than mesh size drops to its underpart On fine fodder conveyer belt, then pass to corresponding equipment and be collected.The relatively large material retained on roller is then in revolving force Under be gradually expelled to cylindrical outer through discharge gate, and then complete the screening process of organic fertilizer fertilizer.
Finally it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and it is unrestricted, although reference Preferred embodiment has been described in detail to the present invention, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to of the invention Technical scheme is modified or equivalent, and without deviating from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should cover In the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of organic fertilizer process equipment, it is characterised in that:Including frame(1), hopper(2), coarse fodder conveyer belt(3), crush Device(4), fine screen device(5)With fine fodder conveyer belt(6), conveyer(7), bottle placer(8), control device(9), the hopper (2)With fine screen device(5)It is separately mounted to frame(1)Both sides, the fine screen device(5)Driven by motor one, the powder Crushing device(4)Installed in hopper(2)With fine screen device(5)Between frame(1)On, the reducing mechanism(4)By motor two Drive, and positioned at coarse fodder conveyer belt(3)Top, to coarse fodder conveyer belt(3)On material carry out impact crushing, the coarse fodder is passed Send band(3)Feed hopper bottom is arranged on, material is delivered to fine screen device(5)Porch, the fine screen device(5)Including rotating shaft one (51), annular roll stand(52)With the roller of mesh-like(53), the roll stand(52)It is welded on rotating shaft one(51)Axial direction on, The roller(53)Installed in roll stand(52)On, the fine fodder conveyer belt(6)It is arranged on fine screen device(5)Bottom, material passes through Roller(53)After drop down onto fine fodder conveyer belt(6)On, the conveyer(7)For by fine fodder conveyer belt(6)On material be delivered to Bottle placer(8)It is interior, in bottle placer(8)Bottom is provided with packaging bag conveyer belt(10), in packaging bag conveyer belt(10)Frame on Weight sensor is installed(11), the weight sensor(11)It is connected with control device (9), the quality of real-time detection is believed Breath is sent to control device(9), the control device (9) also and bottle placer(8)And packaging bag conveyer belt(10)Driving Motor(12)It is connected.
2. the organic fertilizer process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hopper(2)Transmitted with coarse fodder Band(3)Obliquely it is welded on frame(1)On, coarse fodder conveyer belt(3)Exit side be higher than its opposite side.
3. the organic fertilizer process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fine screen device(5)Inclination sets Put, its charging aperture is higher than discharging opening.
4. organic fertilizer process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The reducing mechanism(4)Including rotating shaft Two(41)And crushed piece(42), the rotating shaft two(41)Driven by motor two, rotating shaft two(41)On be provided with lug(43), institute State crushed piece(42)Installed in lug(43)On.
5. organic fertilizer process equipment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The crushed piece(42)It is chain form.
CN201510008539.6A 2015-01-08 2015-01-08 Organic fertilizer process equipment Active CN104624343B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510008539.6A CN104624343B (en) 2015-01-08 2015-01-08 Organic fertilizer process equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510008539.6A CN104624343B (en) 2015-01-08 2015-01-08 Organic fertilizer process equipment

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CN104624343B true CN104624343B (en) 2017-07-07

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105944803A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-09-21 天津市大环生物肥料有限公司 Crushing and sieving equipment for organic fertilizer
CN106000526A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-10-12 嘉善县银海生物有机肥料厂 Organic fertilizer smashing device
CN110586300A (en) * 2019-10-19 2019-12-20 江苏原元生物工程有限公司 Equipment suitable for processing fertilizer raw materials

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