CN104621008A - South America white shrimp high-yield culture method - Google Patents

South America white shrimp high-yield culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104621008A
CN104621008A CN201310541639.6A CN201310541639A CN104621008A CN 104621008 A CN104621008 A CN 104621008A CN 201310541639 A CN201310541639 A CN 201310541639A CN 104621008 A CN104621008 A CN 104621008A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
shrimp
bacterium liquid
pond
jin
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Pending
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CN201310541639.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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蒋兴德
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Priority to CN201310541639.6A priority Critical patent/CN104621008A/en
Publication of CN104621008A publication Critical patent/CN104621008A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a South America white shrimp high-yield culture method. The method comprises the steps that 1, pond bottom mud is removed in advance, wherein after a shrimp pond is treated in a conventional mode, 2-3 PPM EM bacterium liquid is adopted for pretreating the bottom mud and bottom water; 2, water inflowing and shrimp seed releasing, wherein when seawater is led into the shrimp pond, 2-3 PPM EM bacterium liquid is added into a water inlet, the water is exposed in the sun statically for 2 to 4 days, 80000 to 100000 shrimp seeds are placed into every mu of shrimp pond; 3, water is protected, wherein after shrimp seed releasing, the pond water quality protecting agent 2-3 PPM EM bacterium liquid is splashed every 5-8 days, the pond water PH is adjusted to range from 7.5 to 8.5, and the pond water transparency is adjusted to range from 30 cm to 60 cm; 4, shrimp shelling is facilitated, shrimp shelling and water protecting can be carried out synchronously, 10-20 cm of seawater is replaced every 6-8 days, 2-6 kilos of 2-3 PPM EM bacterium liquid is added in each mu of shrimp pond at the same time, and shelling elements are used frequently; 5, shrimp diseases are treated conventionally. By means of the method, the water quality can be rapidly adjusted, the PH value is stabilized, dissolved oxygen in water is added, malignant bacteria are eliminated, ammonia nitrogen forming in water is restrained, and the shrimp yield is improved.

Description

The method of Penaeus Vannmei high yielding culture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of Penaeus Vannmei high yielding culture, especially a kind of cultural method of seawater Penaeus Vannmei.
Background technology
penaeus Vannmei originates in marine site, South America pacific rim, introduce at the beginning of 1999 the city carry out Tu Tang examination support.
In recent years, along with the cultivation expansion of scale and improving constantly of breeding density, city's Penaeus Vannmei is because of water pollution and viral communication, and survival rate is very low.For revitalizing shrimp farming, market there is the product specially controlling shrimp body disease, also having had the water body disinfection and purification medicament of preventing and treating prawn disease.But mostly cure the symptoms, not the disease, fundamentally can not improve shrimp pool water quality, make the growth of shrimp have good ecotope.
Summary of the invention
A kind of water at the bottom of the bed mud of the special EM bacterium liquid prawn pool that purifies water that utilizes is the object of the present invention is to provide to carry out pretreatment; and utilize it to carry out water quality protection and the shelling of short shrimp, thus can rapid adjustment water quality, stablize pH value, increase the oxygen that is dissolved in water, eliminate noxious bacteria, suppress that ammonia nitrogen in water is formed, the special EM bacterium liquid Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method that purifies water of raising fishes and shrimps output.
Object of the present invention realizes by following measure:
A kind of Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method step is as follows: (1) clear pond bed mud pretreatment, and putting dry seawater, to remain end water depth be 0-20 centimetre, and the process of the shrimp pool is splashed medicament shine pond routinely; Then the EM bacterium liquid of bed mud, end water treatment agent 2-3PPM is sprayed on the full pool by every square metre of 5-8 jin, and shines pond 3-4 days; (2) water inlet process with put seedling, when introducing seawater on the shrimp pool, enter while add the EM bacterium liquid of 2-3PPM by every mu of 4-8 jin at water inlet, Man Chihou evenly splashes the EM bacterium liquid of every mu of 2-6 jin 2-3PPM again, and can put seedling density after quiet solarization 2-4 days is 8-10 ten thousand/mu; (3) water quality protection, every 5-8 days after putting seedling, the EM bacterium liquid of the pool water water quality protection agent 2-3PPM that splashes by every mu of 2-6 jin, and adjust pool water PH7.5-8.5, water transparence 30-60 centimetre; (4) short shrimp shelling, synchronously can carry out with water quality protection, every 6-8 days changes fresh seawater 10-20 centimetre, and changes sides and add the EM bacterium liquid of every mu of 2-6 jin 2-3PPM; And add conventional shelling medicine; (5) conventional prevention and cure of shrimp disease.
Of the present inventionly can also to be realized by following measure:
Described Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method is when shrimp raises the nose above water to breathe, and can add the EM bacterium liquid of 5-10 jin 2-3PPM.
Described Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method is when in seawater, algae content is greater than 300 jin of/ton of water, can add algicide, the EM bacterium liquid of the every mu of 4-8 jin 2-3PPM that splashed again after 3-5 days.
Advantage of the present invention is as follows:
1, shrimp pool bed mud, end water first except also adopting the special EM bacterium liquid that purifies water to carry out pretreatment to bed mud, Di Shui by conventional shrimp pond processing method, thus can be eliminated the noxious bacteria in bed mud, end water by the present invention, reduce organic slag at the bottom of the pool; Can fundamentally for water quality protection be laid a solid foundation.
2, the present invention is when introducing seawater, enter while the EM bacterium liquid adding 2-3PPM carries out pretreatment to water quality, just with the EM bacterium liquid of 2-3PPM, water quality is processed every some cycles subsequently, can rapid adjustment water quality, stabilizing water quality pH value, increase content of oxygen dissolved in water, suppress ammonia nitrogen in water to be formed, thus can guarantee that the survival rate of shrimp seedling is high, general survival rate is up to about 90%.
3, the present invention is when the shelling of short shrimp, while change the EM bacterium liquid that waterside adds 2-3PPM, shrimp can be made to shell smoothly, be conducive to shrimp and grow fast, its amount of increase in production every mu compares conventional method up to about 15%.

Claims (3)

1. a Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method, is characterized in that the method step is as follows: (1) clear pond bed mud pretreatment, and putting dry seawater, to remain end water depth be 0-20 centimetre, and the process of the shrimp pool is splashed medicament shine pond routinely; Then the EM bacterium liquid of bed mud, end water treatment agent 2-3PPM is sprayed on the full pool by every square metre of 5-8 jin, and shines pond 3-4 days; (2) water inlet process with put seedling, when introducing seawater on the shrimp pool, enter while add the EM bacterium liquid of 2-3PPM by every mu of 4-8 jin at water inlet, Man Chihou evenly splashes the EM bacterium liquid of every mu of 2-6 jin 2-3PPM again, and can put seedling density after quiet solarization 2-4 days is 8-10 ten thousand/mu; (3) water quality protection, every 5-8 days after putting seedling, the EM bacterium liquid of the pool water water quality protection agent 2-3PPM that splashes by every mu of 2-6 jin, and adjust pool water PH7.5-8.5, water transparence 30-60 centimetre; (4) short shrimp shelling, synchronously can carry out with water quality protection, every 6-8 days changes fresh seawater 10-20 centimetre, and changes sides and add the EM bacterium liquid of every mu of 2-6 jin 2-3PPM; And add conventional shelling medicine; (5) conventional prevention and cure of shrimp disease.
2. Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that when shrimp raises the nose above water to breathe, can add the EM bacterium liquid of 5-10 jin 2-3PPM.
3. Penaeus Vannmei high-yield cultivation method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, when algae content is greater than 300 jin of/ton of water in seawater, can adding algicide, the EM bacterium liquid of the every mu of 4-8 jin 2-3PPM that splashed again after 3-5 days.
CN201310541639.6A 2013-11-06 2013-11-06 South America white shrimp high-yield culture method Pending CN104621008A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310541639.6A CN104621008A (en) 2013-11-06 2013-11-06 South America white shrimp high-yield culture method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310541639.6A CN104621008A (en) 2013-11-06 2013-11-06 South America white shrimp high-yield culture method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104621008A true CN104621008A (en) 2015-05-20

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201310541639.6A Pending CN104621008A (en) 2013-11-06 2013-11-06 South America white shrimp high-yield culture method

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN104621008A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938381A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-30 广东海洋大学 Sillago sihama forskal and prawn low soil pond polyculture method
CN106614186A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-10 中山大学 Indoor small water body cultivating method for South American white shrimps at temporary cultivation stage for thickening
CN108901963A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-30 郑维兵 A kind of Penaeus Vannmei high density closed culture method
CN111109177A (en) * 2019-12-29 2020-05-08 南京瀚邦生态农业科技有限公司 Aquatic microorganism water purification and shelling culture system and process

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938381A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-30 广东海洋大学 Sillago sihama forskal and prawn low soil pond polyculture method
CN106614186A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-10 中山大学 Indoor small water body cultivating method for South American white shrimps at temporary cultivation stage for thickening
CN106614186B (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-07-19 中山大学 Small size pond cultural method in a kind of thick stage room of Penaeus Vannmei mark
CN108901963A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-11-30 郑维兵 A kind of Penaeus Vannmei high density closed culture method
CN111109177A (en) * 2019-12-29 2020-05-08 南京瀚邦生态农业科技有限公司 Aquatic microorganism water purification and shelling culture system and process

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Application publication date: 20150520

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