CN104614731A - Target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization - Google Patents

Target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104614731A
CN104614731A CN201510028247.9A CN201510028247A CN104614731A CN 104614731 A CN104614731 A CN 104614731A CN 201510028247 A CN201510028247 A CN 201510028247A CN 104614731 A CN104614731 A CN 104614731A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
subsystem
image
tracking
imaging
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510028247.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付强
姜会林
战俊彤
段锦
张肃
赵海丽
刘智
王晓曼
Original Assignee
长春理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 长春理工大学 filed Critical 长春理工大学
Priority to CN201510028247.9A priority Critical patent/CN104614731A/en
Publication of CN104614731A publication Critical patent/CN104614731A/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S17/00Systems using the reflection or reradiation of electromagnetic waves other than radio waves, e.g. lidar systems
    • G01S17/88Lidar systems specially adapted for specific applications
    • G01S17/89Lidar systems specially adapted for specific applications for mapping or imaging

Abstract

The invention relates to a target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization, and belongs to the field of target detection and recognition. The system comprises an active lighting and tracking subsystem, a hyperspectral all-polarization imaging subsystem and a tracking turntable subsystem; the active lighting and tracking subsystem and an optical axis of the hyperspectral all-polarization imaging subsystem are connected in parallel; the active lighting and tracking subsystem and the hyperspectral all-polarization imaging subsystem are positioned on the tracking turntable subsystem; the active lighting and tracking subsystem is connected with the tracking turntable subsystem; the active lighting and tracking subsystem emits a laser beam to light a target and synchronously receives light reflected by the target so as to achieve tracking imaging; the hyperspectral all-polarization imaging subsystem is used for performing all-polarization imaging and hyperspectral imaging and fusing information to recognize the target; the turntable tracking subsystem is used for tracking the space target. Compared with the prior art, the system has the characteristics of being high in target detecting probability and wide in applicable scope.

Description

Based on the target detection imaging system of high spectrum full polarization

Technical field

The invention belongs to target detection identification field, particularly a kind of target detection imaging system.

Background technology

China photoelectronic imaging equipment is mainly based on the telephotography of intensity imaging or thermal infrared imager etc., namely by obtaining reflection, the distribution characteristics of radiation light intensity in space of object and background, and the process means of combining information therefrom identify and follow the tracks of targets of interest.This mode had once played important effect under condition in the past, but detected hydraulic performance decline under the complex environment such as haze, flue dust, and low contrast target is difficult to identify, distinguish.In spectrum, Polarization Detection these two, carry out preliminary light spectrum image-forming, polarization imaging technical research although domestic, be mainly used in the aspects such as aerological sounding, space environment and geoscience.

As can be seen here, this area needs a kind of new technology badly to change such present situation.

Summary of the invention

Technical matters to be solved by this invention: for shortcomings and deficiencies of the prior art, the invention provides that a kind of acquisition probability is high, the target detection imaging system based on high spectrum full polarization of applied range.

The present invention is design like this: based on the target detection imaging system of high spectrum full polarization, it is characterized in that: comprise active illumination and tracing subsystem, high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem and tracking table subsystem; Described active illumination and tracing subsystem and high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem optical axis parallel connection arrange, active illumination and tracing subsystem and high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem are placed on tracking table subsystem, and active illumination is connected with tracking table subsystem with tracing subsystem; Described active illumination and tracing subsystem Emission Lasers bundle throw light on to target, receive the light reflected through target simultaneously, carry out tracking imaging; Described high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem completes full polarization imaging and high light spectrum image-forming, and information fusion is carried out target identification; The function of described turntable tracing subsystem is the tracking of implementation space target;

Described active illumination and tracing subsystem comprise optical unit of looking in the distance, spectrophotometric unit, active illumination light source, follow the tracks of image-generating unit and tracking treatment unit; Described optical unit of looking in the distance, spectrophotometric unit and active illumination light source are with optical axis arranged in series; The light that described active illumination light source sends incides optical unit of looking in the distance after spectrophotometric unit transmission, then is launched by optical unit of looking in the distance; Described tracking image-generating unit is arranged on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit, and light is received by optical unit of looking in the distance, and after spectrophotometric unit reflection, reaches tracking image-generating unit; Described tracking image-generating unit completes imaging, and image is passed to tracking treatment unit; Described tracking treatment unit produces control signal according to image miss distance information, controls tracking table subsystem work;

Described high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem comprises optical unit of looking in the distance, spectrophotometric unit, full polarization imaging unit, high light spectrum image-forming unit and information processing and image-display units; Described optical unit of looking in the distance, spectrophotometric unit, full polarization imaging unit are with optical axis arranged in series, and light, successively after optical unit of looking in the distance, spectrophotometric unit, full polarization imaging unit completes full polarization imaging; Described high light spectrum image-forming unit is arranged on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit, and light, through looking in the distance optical unit, after being reflected, high light spectrum image-forming unit completes high light spectrum image-forming by spectrophotometric unit; The full-polarization image that full polarization imaging unit and high light spectrum image-forming unit obtain by described information processing and image-display units and high spectrum image carry out data fusion, and are shown by final image.

The function of described turntable tracing subsystem is the tracking of implementation space target.

The strength information of light, spectral information and polarization information are carried out data fusion by described information processing and image-display units.

By above-mentioned design proposal, the present invention can bring following beneficial effect:

The present invention proposes a kind of target detection imaging system based on high spectrum full polarization, by the strength information of light, spectral information and polarization information organic assembling, can realize intensity, spectrum, polarization imaging three functions.Wherein strength information reflects detection range, target shape and target size etc.; Spectral information reflects the material component and configuration of surface etc. of extraterrestrial target; Polarization information reflects the material of target, roughness and the contrast with background.By intensity, spectrum and polarization three-dimensional information use in conjunction, contribute to improving acquisition probability.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Illustrate that the invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the target detection imaging system that the present invention is based on high spectrum full polarization.

1 be active illumination and tracing subsystem in figure, 2 be high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem, 3 be optical unit of looking in the distance, 12 be spectrophotometric unit, 13 be active illumination light source, 14 be optical unit of looking in the distance for following the tracks of image-generating unit, 15,22 be spectrophotometric unit, 23 be full polarization imaging unit, 24 be high light spectrum image-forming unit, 25 be information processing and image-display units for tracking treatment unit, 21 for tracking table subsystem, 11.

Embodiment

The target detection imaging system based on high spectrum full polarization as shown in the figure, primarily of active illumination and tracing subsystem 1, high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2, tracking table subsystem 3 forms.Active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 and high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 optical axis parallel connection arrange, and be placed on tracking table subsystem 3, active illumination is connected with tracking table subsystem 3 electricity with tracing subsystem 1.Active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 Emission Lasers bundle throw light on to target, receive the light reflected through target simultaneously, carry out tracking imaging.High spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 completes full polarization imaging and high light spectrum image-forming, and information fusion is carried out target identification.The function of turntable tracing subsystem 3 is tracking of implementation space target.

Described active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 are by optical unit 11 of looking in the distance, and spectrophotometric unit 12, active illumination light source 13, tracking image-generating unit 14, tracking treatment unit 15 form.To look in the distance optical unit 11, spectrophotometric unit 12, active illumination light source 13 is with optical axis arranged in series, and the light that active illumination light source 13 sends incides optical unit 11 of looking in the distance after spectrophotometric unit 12 transmission, then is launched by optical unit 11 of looking in the distance; Following the tracks of image-generating unit 14 is placed on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit 12, receive light to be received by optical unit 11 of looking in the distance, after spectrophotometric unit 12 reflects, reach and follow the tracks of image-generating unit 14, follow the tracks of image-generating unit 14 and complete imaging, image is passed to tracking treatment unit 15, tracking treatment unit 15 produces control signal according to image miss distance information, controls tracking table subsystem 3 and works.

Described high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 is by optical unit 21 of looking in the distance, and spectrophotometric unit 22, full polarization imaging unit 23, high light spectrum image-forming unit 24, information processing and image-display units 25 form.To look in the distance optical unit 21, spectrophotometric unit 22, full polarization imaging unit 23 is with optical axis arranged in series, and light through looking in the distance optical unit 21, after spectrophotometric unit 22, full polarization imaging unit 23 completes full polarization imaging successively; High light spectrum image-forming unit 24 is placed on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit 22, receiving light through looking in the distance optical unit 21, after being reflected, high light spectrum image-forming unit 24 completing high light spectrum image-forming by spectrophotometric unit 22.Information processing and image-display units 25 are by full polarization imaging unit 23, and the full-polarization image that high light spectrum image-forming unit 24 obtains, high spectrum image carry out data fusion, and shown by final image.

The course of work of the present invention is as follows:

First the active illumination light source 13 of active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 launches illumination light, through spectrophotometric unit 12, and outgoing after optical unit 11 of looking in the distance.Then, light, after target reflection, is received by the tracking image-generating unit 14 of active illumination and tracing subsystem 1, and tracking treatment unit 15 produces control signal according to image miss distance information, controls tracking table subsystem 3 and works, realize the tenacious tracking to target.Finally, high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 pairs of targets carry out full polarization imaging, high light spectrum image-forming, information processing and image-display units 25 are by full polarization imaging unit 23, the full-polarization image that high light spectrum image-forming unit 24 obtains, high spectrum image carry out data fusion, and are shown by final image.

Embodiment:

Based on the target detection imaging system of high spectrum full polarization, it is characterized in that:

Primarily of active illumination and tracing subsystem 1, high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2, tracking table subsystem 3 forms.Active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 and high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 optical axis parallel connection arrange, and be placed on tracking table subsystem 3, active illumination is connected with tracking table subsystem 3 electricity with tracing subsystem 1.Active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 Emission Lasers bundle throw light on to target, receive the light reflected through target simultaneously, carry out tracking imaging.High spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 completes full polarization imaging and high light spectrum image-forming, and information fusion is carried out target identification.The function of turntable tracing subsystem 4 is tracking of implementation space target.

Described active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 to be looked in the distance optical unit 11 by the EB02-05-A model of Thorlabs company, the SL-800M model spectrophotometric unit 12 of Thorlabs company, the PDA8GS model of ML620G40 model active illumination light source 13, the Thorlabs company of Thorlabs company follows the tracks of image-generating unit 14, the Milbeaut Milbeaut model tracking treatment unit 15 of company of Foxconn forms.To look in the distance optical unit 11, spectrophotometric unit 12, active illumination light source 13 is with optical axis arranged in series, and the light that active illumination light source 13 sends incides optical unit 11 of looking in the distance after spectrophotometric unit 12 transmission, then is launched by optical unit 11 of looking in the distance; Following the tracks of image-generating unit 14 is placed on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit 12, receive light to be received by optical unit 11 of looking in the distance, after spectrophotometric unit 12 reflects, reach and follow the tracks of image-generating unit 14, follow the tracks of image-generating unit 14 and complete imaging, image is passed to tracking treatment unit 15, tracking treatment unit 15 produces control signal according to image miss distance information, controls tracking table subsystem 3 and works.

Described high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 to be looked in the distance optical unit 21 by the EB02-05-B of Thorlabs company, the SL-1500M spectrophotometric unit 22 of Thorlabs company, the FD1665P model full polarization imaging unit 23 of Fluxdata company, the InForm of Nuance model high light spectrum image-forming unit 24, the PerkinElmer company of PerkinElmer company tMtype information process and image-display units 25 form.To look in the distance optical unit 21, spectrophotometric unit 22, full polarization imaging unit 23 is with optical axis arranged in series, and light through looking in the distance optical unit 21, after spectrophotometric unit 22, full polarization imaging unit 23 completes full polarization imaging successively; High light spectrum image-forming unit 24 is placed on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit 22, receiving light through looking in the distance optical unit 21, after being reflected, high light spectrum image-forming unit 24 completing high light spectrum image-forming by spectrophotometric unit 22.Information processing and image-display units 25 are by full polarization imaging unit 23, and the full-polarization image that high light spectrum image-forming unit 24 obtains, high spectrum image carry out data fusion, and shown by final image.

First the active illumination light source 13 of active illumination and tracing subsystem 1 launches illumination light, through spectrophotometric unit 12, and outgoing after optical unit 11 of looking in the distance.Then, light, after target reflection, is received by the tracking image-generating unit 14 of active illumination and tracing subsystem 1, and tracking treatment unit 15 produces control signal according to image miss distance information, controls tracking table subsystem 3 and works, realize the tenacious tracking to target.Finally, high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem 2 pairs of targets carry out full polarization imaging, high light spectrum image-forming, information processing and image-display units 25 are by full polarization imaging unit 23, the full-polarization image that high light spectrum image-forming unit 24 obtains, high spectrum image carry out data fusion, and are shown by final image.

The present invention proposes a kind of target detection imaging system based on high spectrum full polarization, by the strength information of light, spectral information and polarization information organic assembling, can realize intensity, spectrum, polarization imaging three functions.Wherein strength information reflects detection range, target shape and target size etc.; Spectral information reflects the material component and configuration of surface etc. of extraterrestrial target; Polarization information reflects the material of target, roughness and the contrast with background.By intensity, spectrum and polarization three-dimensional information use in conjunction, contribute to improving acquisition probability.

Claims (3)

1. based on the target detection imaging system of high spectrum full polarization, it is characterized in that: comprise active illumination and tracing subsystem (1), high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem (2) and tracking table subsystem (3); Described active illumination and tracing subsystem (1) arrange with high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem (2) optical axis parallel connection, active illumination and tracing subsystem (1) are placed on tracking table subsystem (3) with high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem (2), and active illumination is connected with tracking table subsystem (3) with tracing subsystem (1); Described active illumination and tracing subsystem (1) Emission Lasers bundle throw light on to target, receive the light reflected through target simultaneously, carry out tracking imaging; Described high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem (2) completes full polarization imaging and high light spectrum image-forming, and information fusion is carried out target identification;
Described active illumination and tracing subsystem (1) comprise optical unit of looking in the distance (11), spectrophotometric unit (12), active illumination light source (13), follow the tracks of image-generating unit (14) and tracking treatment unit (15); Described optical unit of looking in the distance (11), spectrophotometric unit (12) and active illumination light source (13) are with optical axis arranged in series; The light that described active illumination light source (13) sends incides optical unit of looking in the distance (11) after spectrophotometric unit (12) transmission, then is launched by optical unit of looking in the distance (11); Described tracking image-generating unit (14) is arranged on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit (12), light is received by optical unit of looking in the distance (11), after spectrophotometric unit (12) reflection, reach and follow the tracks of image-generating unit (14); Described tracking image-generating unit (14) completes imaging, and image is passed to tracking treatment unit (15); Described tracking treatment unit (15) produces control signal according to image miss distance information, controls tracking table subsystem (3) work;
Described high spectrum full polarization imaging subsystem (2) comprises optical unit of looking in the distance (21), spectrophotometric unit (22), full polarization imaging unit (23), high light spectrum image-forming unit (24) and information processing and image-display units (25); Described optical unit of looking in the distance (21), spectrophotometric unit (22), full polarization imaging unit (23) are with optical axis arranged in series, light after optical unit of looking in the distance (21), spectrophotometric unit (22), full polarization imaging unit (23) completes full polarization imaging successively; Described high light spectrum image-forming unit (24) is arranged on the reflection direction of spectrophotometric unit (22), light is through looking in the distance optical unit (21), after being reflected by spectrophotometric unit (22), high light spectrum image-forming unit (24) completes high light spectrum image-forming; The full-polarization image that full polarization imaging unit (23) and high light spectrum image-forming unit (24) obtain by described information processing and image-display units (25) and high spectrum image carry out data fusion, and are shown by final image.
2. the target detection imaging system based on high spectrum full polarization according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the function of described turntable tracing subsystem (3) is the tracking of implementation space target.
3. the target detection imaging system based on high spectrum full polarization according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the strength information of light, spectral information and polarization information are carried out data fusion by described information processing and image-display units (25).
CN201510028247.9A 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization CN104614731A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510028247.9A CN104614731A (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510028247.9A CN104614731A (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104614731A true CN104614731A (en) 2015-05-13

Family

ID=53149265

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510028247.9A CN104614731A (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Target detecting imaging system based on hyperspectral all-polarization

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104614731A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107870335A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-03 上海航天测控通信研究所 The three-dimensional composite imaging method of EO-1 hyperion laser, system and nobody from the device that navigates

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101769879A (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-07-07 索尼株式会社 Camera assisted sensor imaging system and multi aspect imaging system
CN102393213A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-03-28 中国科学院西安光学精密机械研究所 Space-based detecting and tracking imaging system testing device and testing method
CN102589846A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-07-18 长春理工大学 Dynamic testing system for far-field laser hit ratio
CN102621998A (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-08-01 深圳市元创兴科技有限公司 Photoelectric tracking system and method
CN103528688A (en) * 2013-07-07 2014-01-22 浙江大学 Full polarization hyper spectral interference imaging device and method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101769879A (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-07-07 索尼株式会社 Camera assisted sensor imaging system and multi aspect imaging system
CN102393213A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-03-28 中国科学院西安光学精密机械研究所 Space-based detecting and tracking imaging system testing device and testing method
CN102589846A (en) * 2011-12-14 2012-07-18 长春理工大学 Dynamic testing system for far-field laser hit ratio
CN102621998A (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-08-01 深圳市元创兴科技有限公司 Photoelectric tracking system and method
CN103528688A (en) * 2013-07-07 2014-01-22 浙江大学 Full polarization hyper spectral interference imaging device and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107870335A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-03 上海航天测控通信研究所 The three-dimensional composite imaging method of EO-1 hyperion laser, system and nobody from the device that navigates

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104634276B (en) Three-dimension measuring system, capture apparatus and method, depth computing method and equipment
US20180123403A1 (en) Locating power receivers
CN101403650B (en) Differential confocal combination ultra-long focal length measuring method and apparatus
CN105182436B (en) A kind of apparatus and method of full optical region collection of illustrative plates collaboration detection moving-target
US20160371851A1 (en) Infrared image-spectrum associated intelligent detection method and apparatus
CN103170980B (en) A kind of navigation system of household service robot and localization method
CN102564347B (en) Object three-dimensional outline measuring device and method based on Dammann grating
US20160327682A1 (en) Multiband common-optical-path image-spectrum associated remote sensing measurement system and method
CN103954174B (en) Infrared ray and laser mixing sighting device
CN204044359U (en) A kind of two-dimensional scan formula laser ranging system
CN105509578B (en) A kind of laser fuze and its method of the detection of multichannel omnidirectional
JP2019509474A (en) 3D imaging based on LIDAR with overlapping illumination in the far field
US9921102B2 (en) Moving platform borne infrared image-spectrum associated detection system and method
CN103635794A (en) Method and system for optically inspecting parts
CN104089594A (en) Automatic accurate measurement method for satellite large-size planar array SAR antenna
WO2012088320A3 (en) Real-time, three-dimensional optical coherence tomography system
US20120242826A1 (en) Multi-spectral imaging system and method of surface inspection therewith
GB2477902A (en) Device and method for measuring six degrees of freedom
CN102854192A (en) System and method for detecting apple surface defect
WO2009078617A4 (en) Surface shape measuring system and surface shape measuring method using the same
WO2009142680A3 (en) Automatic patient positioning system
CN101105836A (en) Infrared image real-time target identification and tracking device for movement background, and the method
CN105676305B (en) A kind of many visual field collection of illustrative plates cooperative detection systems of Shared aperture and method
US20160202122A1 (en) Detecting device and method combining images with spectrums in ultra-wide waveband
CN203364776U (en) Autocollimator having polarization beam splitting isolation function

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20150513