CN104613500B - Multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove - Google Patents

Multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104613500B
CN104613500B CN201510033478.9A CN201510033478A CN104613500B CN 104613500 B CN104613500 B CN 104613500B CN 201510033478 A CN201510033478 A CN 201510033478A CN 104613500 B CN104613500 B CN 104613500B
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combustion
stove
supporting
chimney
combustion chamber
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CN201510033478.9A
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CN104613500A (en
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周云
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周云
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Abstract

The invention relates to a multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove which comprises a stove body installed on a base. A combustion chamber is installed in the stove body, a stove door cover is installed at the fuel inlet end of the combustion chamber, a cooking bench surface is arranged at the upper end of the stove body, a stove cover assembly is installed on a center opening of the cooking bench surface, a smoke window is installed on the stove body, a smoke pipe is arranged on an exhaust port of the smoke window, a stove ash drawer communicated with the combustion chamber is arranged in the base, the combustion chamber is arranged at the bottom of the stove body, a fire outlet of the combustion chamber is communicated with a combustion-supporting poking chamber which is of a cylindrical structure, and a plurality of combustion-supporting ventilation holes are formed in the side wall of the combustion-supporting poking chamber; the outer wall of an upper end opening of the combustion-supporting poking chamber is provided with a flame increasing and flow guiding ring, and a smoke outlet communicated with the smoke window is formed in the side wall, on the outer side of the flame increasing and flow guiding ring, of the stove body. The multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove has the advantages of being simple in structure, reasonable in design, high in combustion efficiency, capable of saving energy and environmentally friendly.

Description

Multistage air feed helps burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven
Technical field
The present invention relates to cooking stove technical field, more particularly to firewood range.
Background technology
The firewood furnace of existing market is mainly used in the fuel such as faggot and supplies preferable rural area, due to rural area The fuel riches such as faggot, lack the consideration of energy-saving and environmental protection factor, and generally there is this quasi-tradition kitchen range fuel to expend big, burning not Fully, efficiency of combustion is low, flue dust is big, firepower is not concentrated, the defect such as not powerful, more single-minded to demanded fuel, constitutes in rural area Certain environmental pollution.
The content of the invention
The disadvantages mentioned above that the applicant exists for existing firewood furnace, is studied and is designed, there is provided a kind of efficiency of combustion High, the multistage air feed that flue dust is few, firepower is powerful helps burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven.
A kind of multistage air feed helps burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven, including the body of heater being installed on base, combustion is provided with body of heater Room is burnt, the fuel inlet end of combustion chamber is provided with stove face plate, and the upper end of body of heater carries kitchen range top face, pacifies at the central opening in kitchen range top face Equipped with bell component, smokestack is installed on body of heater, the outlet of smokestack carries chimney, is provided with base and combustion chamber Ashes drawer, the combustion chamber is placed in the base top of bottom of furnace body, and the crater of combustion chamber is connected with the combustion-supporting room of putting a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, combustion-supporting to pull out Fiery room is tube structure, and its barrel carries multiple combustion-supporting air vents;The outer wall of the upper end open of the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw is provided with increasing flame Baffle liner, the outlet flue connected with smokestack is provided with the side wall of the body of heater for increasing flame baffle liner outside.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal:
The upper end of the combustion chamber carries taper necking part, and the upper end open of necking part is connected with the combustion-supporting room of putting a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw.
The bell component is included successively from the inside to the outside and the inner roof brick, middle bell and the outer bell that are equipped with.
The stove face plate is rotated with the fuel inlet end of combustion chamber by fire door axle and is connected, and is provided with stove face plate for opening Close the handle of fire door.
Air door is provided with the ashes drawer upper end and the lower ending opening of combustion chamber, air door is connected to base by axle of the air door On, the end of axle of the air door carries throttle lever.
The combustion-supporting air vent is arranged from bottom to up along the side wall spiral of the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, the bottom side of the wall of the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw With air vent, the aperture of air vent is more than the aperture of combustion-supporting air vent.
The upper end of the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw is designed to small-bore necking of contracting, and pacifies between the outer wall and increasing flame baffle liner of necking Equipped with ventilating board, air vent is carried on ventilating board;Connecting plate is provided between the outer wall and body of heater that increase flame baffle liner.
The lower end of the smokestack is provided with and connects dirt lid.
The upper end band for increasing flame baffle liner is jagged.
The kitchen range top face is square structure or circular configuration.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The present invention has the characteristics of simple structure, reasonable in design, high combustion efficiency, energy-conserving and environment-protective;The combustion chamber of the present invention With necking down structure, it is to avoid the too fast burning of fuel, prolonging burning time;The top of combustion chamber increases the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, by lower section Not sufficiently combusted carbonaceous material is burnt again, reduces fume amount, improves the sufficient degree of burning, and the fiery matter of optimization keeps room Interior air cleaner;Be provided with combustion-supporting ventilation hole structure on the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, beneficial to lift flame, improve flame dash upwards, Improve flame temperature;Multiple bells are set, beneficial to changing different size of container heating is adapted to.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the increasing flame baffle liner of the present invention.
In figure:1st, chimney;2nd, kitchen range top face;3rd, outer bell;4th, middle bell;5th, inner roof brick;6th, flame baffle liner is increased;61st, breach; 7th, the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw;71st, necking;72nd, combustion-supporting air vent;73rd, air vent;8th, bolt;9th, nut;10th, body of heater;101st, smoke Mouthful;11st, combustion chamber;111st, necking part;12nd, air door;13rd, ashes drawer;14th, fire door handle;15th, fire door axle;16th, stove face plate;17、 Throttle lever;18th, base;19th, dirt lid is connect;20th, smokestack;21st, ventilating board;211st, through hole;22nd, axle of the air door;23rd, connecting plate.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the specific embodiment of the present invention is illustrated.
As shown in figure 1, the multistage air feed of the present embodiment helps burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven, including the stove being installed on base 18 Body 10, installs combuster 11 in body of heater 10, the fuel inlet end of combustion chamber 11 is provided with stove face plate 16, and the upper end of body of heater 10 leads to Cross the securing members such as bolt 8, nut 9 and kitchen range top face 2 is installed, kitchen range top face 2 is square structure or circular configuration, and square kitchen range top face is less Floor space can be saved;Round kitchen range top face is larger, and circular kitchen range top face can work as dining table and use.
As shown in figure 1, center (opening) place in kitchen range top face 2 is provided with bell component, bell component include successively by it is interior extremely Inner roof brick 5, middle bell 4 and outer bell 3 outer and be equipped with, according to different size of pot, select different bells, improve and add The thermal efficiency.
As shown in figure 1, being provided with smokestack 20 on body of heater 10, the outlet of smokestack 20 carries chimney 1, is provided with base 18 The ashes drawer 13 connected with combustion chamber 11, combustion chamber 11 is placed in the bottom of body of heater 10, and ashes drawer 13 is opened with the lower end of combustion chamber 11 Air door 12 is provided with mouthful, air door 12 is connected on base 18 by axle of the air door 22, the end of axle of the air door 22 carries throttle lever 17;The aperture that air door 12 is controlled by pulling throttle lever 17 is realized adjusting the size of fuel combustion firepower, easy to operate.
As shown in figure 1, the crater of combustion chamber 11 is connected with the combustion-supporting room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, the combustion-supporting room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw is tube structure, its Side cornice has multiple combustion-supporting air vents 72, and combustion-supporting air vent 72 is arranged from bottom to up along the side wall spiral of the combustion-supporting room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, combustion-supporting Put a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw room 7 bottom side of the wall with air vent 73, the aperture of the aperture of air vent 73 more than combustion-supporting air vent 72.The combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw 7 utilize flow principles of the hot-air in cylinder, flare and matter containing soot are introduced, the underlying vent holes 73 of the combustion-supporting room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw The air of the lower section of air door 12 is introduced the combustion-supporting room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, combustion-supporting effect is played, what the combustion-supporting side wall spiral of room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw was arranged helps Combustion air vent 72, it is further combustion-supporting and lift flame, firepower is increased rapidly and improve the dash of flame.
As shown in figure 1, the upper end of the combustion-supporting room 7 that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw carries necking 71, necking 71 is provided with the outer wall for increasing flame baffle liner 6 Ventilating board 21, carries through hole 211 on ventilating board 21, between the outer wall and body of heater 10 that increase flame baffle liner 6 connecting plate 23 is provided with.Increase Flame baffle liner 6 is used for combustion-supporting increasing flame and pilot flame again, and combustion-supporting increasing flame is air door 12 by the through hole 211 on ventilating board 21 The fresh air fire of lower section further come up by supplement, serves the combustion-supporting effect for heating so that upper strata flame combustion obtains more complete, Higher temperature is produced, greatly reduces fume amount, the fiery matter of optimization.
As shown in figure 1, stove face plate 16 is rotated by fire door axle 15 and fire door handle 14 with the fuel inlet end of combustion chamber 11 Connection, is provided with fire door handle 14 on stove face plate 16;The opening and closing operations for realizing entering fuel by rotary furnace door handle 14, its It is easy to operate.
As shown in figure 1, increasing flame baffle liner 6 and body of heater 10 are connected by outlet flue 101 with smokestack 20, the lower end peace of smokestack 20 Equipped with connecing dirt lid 19.As shown in Fig. 2 increasing the upper end band jagged 61 of flame baffle liner 6, breach 61 is (non-same with outlet flue 101 Side) it is oppositely arranged, its object is to make flame not directly enter smokestack 20, flame receives thermal capacitance by surrounding along both sides after breach 61 Flow into again behind device bottom at outlet flue 101, so as to Heated container obtains higher, more uniform temperature.
In the present invention, in the ashes drawer 13 that the ashes after fuel combustion are fallen under base 18, ashes will not be leaked Outward, after ashes are piled up to a certain extent in ashes drawer 13, pull it and toppled over.
The good seal of the kitchen range of the present invention, the smoke exhaust after overwhelming majority burning is imported by the Jing chimneys 1 of smokestack 20 Outdoor, keeps indoor air clean, safety, simultaneously because the fuel combustion of the kitchen range of the present invention is fully, relatively common kitchen range are produced Raw flue dust and waste gas are few, and a certain amount of cigarette ash accumulated in smokestack 20 can at any time be opened and connect dirt lid 19 and removed.
As shown in figure 1, the crater of combustion chamber 11 of the present invention carries necking part 111, change traditional open type crater, After fuel adds combustion chamber 11, stove face plate 16 is closed by fire door handle 14, the air door 12 of the bottom of body of heater 10 is in opening State, due to the setting of necking part 111 so that the fuel normal combustion near the crater of combustion chamber 11, and other places Fuel can not reach that normal burning is i.e. imperfect combustion, and imperfect combustion fuel smoulder and is produced in combustion chamber 11 Substantial amounts of matter containing soot, so as to extend the burning time of fuel.
The fuel feedstocks of the cooking stove of the present invention extensively, any broken bavin, weeds, sawdust particle, house refuse etc. all can fire The combustible of burning can be applied.
Applicant uses identical fuel to the sample stove and traditional " energy-saving firewood furnace " of the present invention, same containers, plus 12 DEG C of cold water of hot identical weight (6kg), reaching has carried out multiple contrast survey under conditions of identical boiling temperature (97 DEG C) Examination, its mean value is as follows:
15 minutes used times of this sample stove used time, use bavin 0.7kg;21 minutes traditional energy-saving firewood furnace used times, use bavin 1.2kg。
It is as follows that this sample stove has also carried out contrast test result with liquefied gas cooker:
Contrast test 1 (measurement temperature at the appointed time)
First, test condition
1st, cooking stove is selected:The cooking stove of the present invention, abbreviation A stoves;Energy-saving liquefied gas range (single stove) double happiness electrical equipment is manufactured, abbreviation B Stove.
2nd, container:Iron pan (condition is limited and successively adopt same container).
3rd, measuring instrument
(1) temperature survey:TM902C handy type digital thermometers, -50 DEG C of range~1300 DEG C, Fuzhou City has into magnificent electronics Limit company produces;
(2) time measurement:The stop watch function of smart mobile phone.
4th, fuel
A stoves:Dry small pieces timber and branch;B stoves:Bottled gas.
5th, heating material:12 DEG C of running water (room temperature), 0.8kg
2nd, test process
1st, pour a small amount of cold water in pot into and be placed on heating on stove, water dryouies pours cold water (0.8kg weight, 12 DEG C) at once.
A stove air doors reach maximum when the 2nd, burning, and B stove tolerance knobs reach maximum.
3rd, Timing measurement water temperature, until boiling (97 DEG C).
3rd, surveying record, such as following table
Sequence number Time of measuring A stoves water temperature (DEG C) B stoves water temperature (DEG C) Remarks
1 0 point 0 second 12 12 Original water temperature
2 0 point 30 seconds 29 26
3 1 point 0 second 47 42
4 1 point 30 seconds 64 56
5 2 points 0 second 73 67
6 2 points 30 seconds 89 75
7 2 points 50 seconds 97 81 A stoves seethe with excitement
8 3 points 40 seconds / 97 B stoves seethe with excitement
Contrast test 2 (set point of temperature time of measuring)
First, test condition is ibid.
2nd, test process:
1st, pour a small amount of cold water in pot into and be placed on heating on stove, water dryouies pours cold water (0.8kg weight, 12 DEG C) at once.
A stove air doors reach maximum when the 2nd, burning, and B stove tolerance knobs reach maximum.
3rd, the temperature measurement time is specified, until boiling (97 DEG C).
3rd, test record
Sequence number Water temperature (DEG C) A stove time of measuring B stove time of measuring Remarks
1 12 0 point 0 second 0 point 0 second Original water temperature
2 30 0 point 30 seconds 0 point 37 seconds
3 40 0 point 43 seconds 0 point 58 seconds
4 50 1 point 3 seconds 1 point 24 seconds
5 60 1 point 23 seconds 1 point 44 seconds
6 70 1 point 42 seconds 2 points 18 seconds
7 80 2 points 20 seconds 2 points 49 seconds
8 97 2 points 45 seconds 3 points 30 seconds Boiling temperature
Knowable to two tests more than, the cooking stove of the present invention compares traditional cooking stove, due to its design feature, its heating Speed and efficiency are greatly improved.
Embodiment provided above is the better embodiment of the present invention, only for the convenient explanation present invention, not to this It is bright to make any pro forma restriction, any those of ordinary skill in the art, if putting forward skill without departing from the present invention In the range of art feature, using the Equivalent embodiments locally changed done by disclosed technology contents or modify, and Without departing from the technical characteristic content of the present invention, still fall within the range of the technology of the present invention feature.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of multistage air feed helps burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven, including the body of heater (10) being installed on base (18), body of heater (10) Middle installation combuster (11), the fuel inlet end of combustion chamber (11) is provided with stove face plate (16), and the upper end of body of heater (10) carries Kitchen range top face (2), is provided with bell component at the central opening of kitchen range top face (2), smokestack (20), smokestack are provided with body of heater (10) (20) outlet carries chimney (1), and the ashes drawer (13) connected with combustion chamber (11) is provided with base (18), and its feature exists In:The combustion chamber (11) is placed in base (18) top of body of heater (10) bottom, and the crater of combustion chamber (11) puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw with combustion-supporting Room (7) connects, and the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw (7) is tube structure, and its barrel carries multiple combustion-supporting air vents (72);The combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw (7) Upper end open at increasing flame baffle liner (6) is installed, be provided with and cigarette in the side wall of body of heater (10) for increasing flame baffle liner (6) outside The outlet flue (101) of window (20) connection;The upper end of the combustion chamber (11) carries taper necking part (111), necking part (111) Upper end open is connected with the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw (7).
2. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bell component bag Include successively from the inside to the outside and the inner roof brick (5), middle bell (4) and the outer bell (3) that are equipped with.
3. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The stove face plate (16) Rotated with the fuel inlet end of combustion chamber (11) by fire door axle (15) and be connected, stove face plate is provided with fire door handle on (16) (14)。
4. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ashes drawer (13) With air door (12) is provided with the lower ending opening of combustion chamber (11), air door (12) is connected to base (18) by axle of the air door (22) On, the end of axle of the air door (22) carries throttle lever (17).
5. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The combustion-supporting air vent (72) the side wall spiral from bottom to up along the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw (7) is arranged, and the bottom side of the wall of the combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw (7) carries radial equipartition Air vent (73), the aperture of air vent (73) is more than the aperture of combustion-supporting air vent (72).
6. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The combustion-supporting room that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw (7) upper end carries necking (71), and between the outer wall of necking (71) and increasing flame baffle liner (6) ventilating board (21) is provided with, and divulges information Through hole (211) is carried on plate (21), connecting plate (22) is installed between the lower end outer wall and body of heater (10) that increase flame baffle liner (6).
7. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The smokestack (20) Lower end is provided with and connects dirt lid (19).
8. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The increasing flame baffle liner (6) upper end band jagged (61).
9. burning environmental protection and energy saving firewood oven is helped according to the multistage air feed described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The kitchen range top face (2) For square structure or circular configuration.
CN201510033478.9A 2015-01-23 2015-01-23 Multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove Expired - Fee Related CN104613500B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510033478.9A CN104613500B (en) 2015-01-23 2015-01-23 Multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510033478.9A CN104613500B (en) 2015-01-23 2015-01-23 Multi-stage air-supplying, combustion-supporting, environment-friendly and energy-saving firewood stove

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CN104613500A CN104613500A (en) 2015-05-13
CN104613500B true CN104613500B (en) 2017-05-10

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104896521A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-09 重庆柏羽新能源科技有限公司 Energy-saving kitchen range provided with heat exchange device
CN107883407A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-06 中山市创科科研技术服务有限公司 A kind of firewood oven of energy-conserving and environment-protective

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