CN104612292A - Hanging plate type earthquake reduction envelope structure of frame type structure building - Google Patents

Hanging plate type earthquake reduction envelope structure of frame type structure building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104612292A
CN104612292A CN201410680297.0A CN201410680297A CN104612292A CN 104612292 A CN104612292 A CN 104612292A CN 201410680297 A CN201410680297 A CN 201410680297A CN 104612292 A CN104612292 A CN 104612292A
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structure
earthquake
hanging
hanging plate
plate type
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CN201410680297.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张文学
谢全懿
费恺
董佳节
段惠玲
刘啸
宋浩
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北京城建亚泰建设集团有限公司
北京工业大学
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Priority to CN201410680297.0A priority Critical patent/CN104612292A/en
Publication of CN104612292A publication Critical patent/CN104612292A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a frame structure building, in particular to a hanging plate type earthquake reduction envelope structure of a frame type structure building and belongs to the technical field of earthquake prevention and disaster mitigation. In order to overcome the defect that the earthquake resistance performance of a traditional masonry or base plate type envelope structure is not well utilized, and the traditional masonry or base plate type envelope structure becomes a burden of a body structure under the earthquake action, the design conception of adopting the prefabricated hanging plate envelope structure is provided, the prefabricated hanging plate type envelope structure is hung on the lower portion of a beam above the envelope structure through connecting hanging parts, and the hanging plate type envelope structure and the body structure are fixed by the adoption of protection connection structures so that normal using functions of the envelope structure can be guaranteed. Under the frequent earthquake action, the hanging plate type envelope structure and the body structure are kept complete relatively. Under the strong earthquake action, foam concrete around is broken, the hanging plate type envelope structure hung on the beam swings under the earthquake action, in this way, the earthquake period of the structure is changed, energy, input into the structure, of an earthquake is consumed, then the purpose of reducing the earthquake response of the body structure is achieved, and the overall earthquake resistance performance of the structure is improved.

Description

框架结构建筑挂板式减震围护结构 Frame construction hanging plate damping envelope

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种框架建筑挂板式减震围护结构,适用于框架结构建筑,挂板式维护结构在常遇地震作用下与常规砌筑式或座板式维护结构相同,但在强震作用下挂板式维护结构的挂板能够绕挂梁摆动,产生减震耗能作用,达到降低结构地震响应、提高结构整体抗震性能的目的。 [0001] The present invention relates to a frame construction hanging plate damping envelope for the frame structure of the building, maintenance of the structure hung in the same plate earthquake maintenance often encountered with conventional masonry or base plate type structure, but strong earthquakes maintain the structure of the hanging plate hanging under the action of the swing plate can be wound around the beam, to produce energy damping effect, to reduce the structure of the seismic response and improve the overall seismic performance of the structure.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 框架结构是常见的建筑结构形式,随着我国产业化住宅的进一步发展,装配式住宅将大量采用框架式结构。 [0002] framework is a common architectural structure, with the further development of China's housing industry, the extensive use of prefabricated house frame structure. 传统框架结构建筑在地震发生时,砌筑式或座板式围护墙体或随主体结构一起运动,不仅增加了结构自重,对主体结构抗震极为不利;而且在强震作用下砌筑式或座板式维护结构容易发生坍塌伤人。 Traditional frame structure of the building during an earthquake, masonry freestanding or wall plate or envelope together with the main structure of the movement, not only increases the weight of the structure, the main structure of the seismic extremely unfavorable; and in severe earthquakes or masonry style seat plate maintain the structure prone to collapse hurt. 如何在几乎额外不增加建设成本的情况下,通过合理设置维护结构与主体结构之间的构造,减少主体结构的地震需求,增加建筑的整体抗震性能,是需要解决的问题,这一点对装配式产业化住宅尤为重要。 How with almost no additional increase in construction costs by constructing a reasonable set between the maintenance of the structure and the main structure, reducing seismic demand of the main structure, increase the overall seismic performance of buildings, a problem to be solved, this type of assembly the housing industry is particularly important. 为此,本专利提出变传统砌筑式或座板式维护结构为预制挂板式围护结构的设计思想。 For this reason, this patent proposes changing the traditional masonry or base plate to maintain the structure of formula prefabricated hanging plate envelope design.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 针对传统砌筑式或座板式维护结构不但没有很好利用围护结构的抗震性能,而且还成为主体结构在地震作用下的负担这一现象,本发明提出采用预制式挂板维护结构设计思想,将预制挂板式围护结构通过连接挂件悬挂于上方横梁之下,并在挂板式维护结构与主体结构之间采用嵌缝连接构造进行固定,以保障围护结构的正常使用功能。 [0003] Maintenance traditional masonry structure or base plate type not only good use of the seismic performance of the envelope, but also become a burden on the body structure under earthquake this phenomenon, the present invention provides the use of precast maintain the structure of formula siding design, the preformed envelope hanging plate is connected via a pendant hung below the crossbeam, and the hook with maintenance of the structure between the plate and connected to the main structure caulking fixing structure, to ensure use of the function of the envelope. 在常遇地震作用下,挂板式围护结构与主体结构之间保持相对完好。 Often encountered in seismic action, is maintained between the envelope and the body hanging plate structure is relatively intact. 在强震作用下嵌缝连接构造断开,悬挂于梁体上的挂板式围护结构在地震作用下发生摆动,从而改变结构地震周期、消耗地震输入结构的能量,达到降低主体结构地震响应的目的,提高结构整体的抗震性能。 Connection disconnection structure caulking strong earthquakes, suspended from the upper beam member hanging plate wobble envelope under earthquake occurs, thereby changing the structure of seismic cycle, energy consumption seismic input structure, to reduce the structure of the seismic response of the body It aims to improve the seismic performance of the overall structure.

[0004] 本发明的技术方案如下: [0004] aspect of the present invention is as follows:

[0005] 一种框架结构预制挂板式减震围护结构,采用预制挂板装配式施工方法,改变框架结构建筑传统砌筑式或座板式维护结构的做法,先将连接挂件5预埋或后锚固在框架式主体结构的横梁4上,将预制挂板2通过连接挂件5挂在横梁4上,在主体结构柱1、主体结构横梁4与预制挂板2之间通过四周填充泡沫混凝土3将预制挂板2嵌固到主体结构上,形成维护结构。 [0005] A frame structure hanging plate prefabricated damping envelope, fabricated using prefabricated construction method siding, changing the frame structure of traditional masonry building maintenance practices freestanding or plate structure, connected firstly pendant 5 embedded or after anchored on the cross member of the frame main structure of formula 4, the preformed plate 2 is hanging on a hanging pendant cross member 4 by the connection 5, the main structure of the column 1, the main structure and the cross member 4 between the two plates is filled hanging prefabricated foam concrete by four weeks 3 prefabricated hanging board 2 fitted to the fixed body structure, maintenance of the structure is formed.

[0006] 连接挂件5由钢片6,连接螺栓7,下部扣件8,固定螺栓孔9组成。 [0006] 5 connected by a steel pendant 6, bolts 7, the lower portion of the fastener 8, 9 composed of a fixing bolt hole. 在施工过程中,先将钢片6预埋在主体结构横梁4中,通过连接螺栓7将钢片6与下部扣件8形成铰接,组成连接挂件5,最后将预制挂板2通过固定螺栓孔9与连接挂件5固定。 During construction, the first steel cross member 6 embedded in the structural body 4, the steel sheet 7 is formed by connecting a bolt 6 to the lower hinge fastener 8, the composition of pendant connector 5, and finally through the preformed hanging plate fixing bolt hole 2 5 and 9 connected to the fixed pendant. 据本专利思想,要求在常遇地震作用下泡沫混凝土3能够保持完好或相对完好,此时挂板式维护结构与传统砌筑式或座板式维护结构基本相同。 According to this patent thoughts, often encountered in earthquakes it requires the foam concrete 3 can be kept intact or relatively intact, this time to maintain the structure and hanging plate or a conventional base plate type of masonry structure to maintain substantially the same. 在罕遇地震作用下,泡沫混凝土3发生破碎,预制挂板2与主体结构柱I和主体结构横梁4之间断开,只通过连接挂件5在主体结构横梁4和预制挂板2之间形成铰接,在地震作用下预制挂板2绕横梁4摆动,进而延长结构的自振周期,消耗地震输入给结构的能量,从而降低主体结构的地震响应。 In the rare earthquake, 3 a cracking foam concrete, preform hanging 4 plate 2 and the disconnection between the main body and the body structure Column I beams, only by forming a hinge between the body 2 is connected to the structure 5 pendant cross hanging plate 4 and the prefabricated , under earthquake prefabricated beams hanging plate 4 about pivot 2, and further extend the structure vibration period, consumption of seismic energy input to the structure, thereby reducing the seismic response of the body structure.

[0007] 多遇地震、常遇地震和罕遇地震,一般按地震基本烈度区划或地震动参数区划对当地的规定采用,分别为50年超越概率63%、10%和2%〜3%的地震,或重现期分别为50年、475年和1600年〜2400年的地震。 [0007] frequent earthquake, often frequent earthquake and rare earthquake, generally based on basic seismic intensity zoning or seismic zonation adoption of local regulations, were 50-year probability of exceedance of 63%, 10% and 2% ~ 3% of earthquake, or a return period of 50 years, respectively, 475 and 1600 ~ 2400 earthquake. 本发明的积极效果是:本专利提出的预制挂板式维护结构不仅具有降低了现场劳动强度,减少施工能耗、减少环境污染、保护环境、缩短建设工程等优点。 The positive effect of the invention is: prefabricated this patent proposes a hanging plate maintenance of the structure has not only reduces the labor intensity of the scene, reducing construction energy consumption, reduce environmental pollution, protect the environment, the advantage of shortening construction projects. 而且在造价基本相同的情况下,还可以改善结构的整体抗震性能。 Also in the case where substantially the same cost, may also improve the overall structure of the seismic performance.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 图1是本发明预制挂板式减震围护结构的整体构造图。 [0008] FIG. 1 is a preform of the present invention linked to a whole structure of the envelope the damper plate.

[0009] 图2是本发明在罕遇地震作用下的工作状态示意图。 [0009] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the operating state of the present invention, in case of earthquake under rare.

[0010] 图3是本发明中连接挂件的示意图。 [0010] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the present invention is connected pendant.

[0011] 图中:1为主体结构柱,2为预制挂板,3为泡沫混凝土,4为主体结构横梁,5为连接挂件,6为钢片,7为连接螺栓,8为下部扣件,9为固定螺栓孔。 [0011] FIG: 1 is a main structural columns, prefabricated hanging plate 2, 3 is a foamed concrete, as the main structural beams 4, 5 connected pendant 6 of steel, as connecting bolts 7, 8 to a lower portion of the fastener, 9 is a fixing bolt hole.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0012] 以下结合实施例及附图作进一步详述,但不做为对本发明的限定。 [0012] The following Examples in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and detailed further embodiment, but is not limited to the present invention.

[0013] 本实施例的结构如图1所示,框架结构建筑预制挂板式减震围护结构,包括主体结构柱1,预制挂板2,泡沫混凝土3,主体结构横梁4,连接挂件5,钢片6,连接螺栓7,下部扣件8,固定螺栓孔9。 [0013] The structure of this embodiment shown in Figure 1, the frame structure hanging plate Prefabricated damping envelope, the column 1 comprises a main structure, siding 2 prefabricated foam concrete 3, the main structure of the cross member 4, 5 is connected pendant, steel 6, bolts 7, the lower portion of the fastener 8, 9 fixed to the bolt holes. 首先,将钢片6预埋在主体结构横梁4中,通过连接螺栓7将钢片与下部扣件8形成铰接,组成连接挂件5。 First, the steel structure of the cross member 6 embedded in the body 4, 7 and the lower steel fastener 8 is formed by connecting a hinge bolt to form pendant 5 is connected. 然后,通过固定螺栓孔9将预制挂板2固定,预制挂板2通过连接挂件5悬挂在主体结构横梁4下方,然后通过泡沫混凝土3将预制挂板2与主体结构柱I和主体结构横梁4之间形成整体。 Then, the fixing bolt hole 9 prefabricated hanging board 2 is fixed, prefabricated hanging board 2 by connecting pendant 5 suspended below the main structure of the cross member 4, then 3 prefabricated hanging board 2 and the body structural columns I and the body structure of the cross member 4 through the foam concrete integrally formed between.

[0014] 在常遇地震作用下泡沫混凝土3基本保持完好,此时预制挂板式维护结构与传统维护结构基本相同。 [0014] In the ordinary case of earthquake 3 largely intact foam concrete, preform hanging plate at this time to maintain substantially the same structure and the maintenance of the conventional structure.

[0015] 如图2所示,罕遇地震发生时,泡沫混凝土3发生破碎,预制挂板2与主体结构之间仅通过连接挂件5与主体结构横梁4实现铰接相连。 [0015] As shown in FIG 2, when the strong earthquake occurred, a cracking foam concrete 3 prefabricated hanging pendant connecting an articulation 5 is connected with the body structure only by the cross member 4 between the body 2 and the plate structure. 在地震作用下,预制挂板2发生相对于主体结构的摆动,进而改变主体结构的地震自振周期,消耗地震输入给主体结构的能量,降低主体结构的地震响应,达到减震的目的。 Under earthquake, prefabricated hanging plate 2 occurs with respect to the body structure of the swing, thereby changing the structure of the main earthquake vibration period, the consumed energy input to the main seismic structure, reducing the seismic response of the body structure, to achieve the purpose of damping.

[0016] 以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明做任何形式上的限制,任何未脱离本发明技术方案内容,依据本发明的技术实质,在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的的任何修改、等同变化与修饰,都应视为本发明方案的技术范畴,均应包含在本发明的保护范围内。 [0016] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, but do not form any limitation on the present invention, without departing in any aspect of the present invention, according to the technical spirit of the present invention, in the spirit of the invention and any modifications made within the principle of equivalent variations and modifications should be regarded as the technical scope of the present invention should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1.一种框架建筑挂板式减震围护结构,其特征在于:采用预制挂板装配式施工方法,改变框架结构建筑传统砌筑式或座板式维护结构的做法,先将连接挂件(5)预埋或后锚固在框架式主体结构的横梁(4)上,将预制挂板(2)通过连接挂件(5)挂在横梁(4)上,在主体结构柱(I)、主体结构横梁(4)与预制挂板(2)之间通过泡沫混凝土(3)将预制挂板(2)嵌固到主体结构上,形成维护结构。 A damping plate hanging frame building envelope, wherein: prefabricated construction method using precast siding, architectural framework conventional practice to change the type of masonry structure or base plate maintained, pendant first connection (5) after the embedded or anchored in the cross member of the frame-like body structure (4), the prefabricated hanging board (2) (5) hanging on the cross member (4) is connected by pendant, the main structure of the column (the I), the main beam structure ( between 4) and the pre-hanging board (2) by embedding the solid foam concrete (3) the pre-hanging board (2) to the body structure, maintenance of the structure is formed.
2.根据权利要求1中所述的挂板式减震围护结构,其特征在于:在常遇地震作用下泡沫混凝土(3)能够保持完好或相对完好,此时挂板式维护结构与传统砌筑式或座板式维护结构基本相同。 The hanging plate damping envelope according to claim 1, wherein: in the case of earthquakes often lower foam concrete (3) can be kept intact or relatively intact, this time to maintain the structure and hanging plate traditional masonry maintenance of the structure of formula or substantially the same base plate.
3.根据权利要求1中所述的挂板式减震围护结构,其特征在于:在罕遇地震作用下,泡沫混凝土(3)发生破碎,预制挂板(2)与主体结构柱(I)和主体结构横梁(4)之间断开,只通过连接挂件(5)在主体结构横梁(4)和预制挂板(2)之间形成铰接,在地震作用下预制挂板(2)绕横梁(4)摆动,进而延长结构的自振周期,消耗地震输入给结构的能量,从而降低主体结构的地震响应。 Hanging plate 3. The damping envelope according to claim 1, characterized in that: the rare earthquake, foam concrete (3) the occurrence of crushing, pre-hanging board (2) with the main column structure (I) between the body structure and the cross member (4) is disconnected, only the main structure of the cross member form a hinge (4) and hanging between the preform (2) through a connection pendant plate (5), under the action of seismic prefabricated hanging board (2) about the beam ( 4) swing, thereby extending the vibration period of the structure, to the energy consumption of the input seismic structure, thereby reducing the seismic response of the body structure.
CN201410680297.0A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Hanging plate type earthquake reduction envelope structure of frame type structure building CN104612292A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108193796A (en) * 2018-01-06 2018-06-22 孔美玲 Building quakeproof protection device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1325476A (en) * 1999-09-01 2001-12-05 清水建设株式会社 Mounting structure and method for viscosity system damping wall
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
CN202338042U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-07-18 华北水利水电学院 Suspension type anti-vibration partition wall
CN203307956U (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-27 山东大学 Mixed type bidirectional adjustable shock absorber

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1325476A (en) * 1999-09-01 2001-12-05 清水建设株式会社 Mounting structure and method for viscosity system damping wall
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
CN202338042U (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-07-18 华北水利水电学院 Suspension type anti-vibration partition wall
CN203307956U (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-11-27 山东大学 Mixed type bidirectional adjustable shock absorber

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108193796A (en) * 2018-01-06 2018-06-22 孔美玲 Building quakeproof protection device

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