CN104608914A - Intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned aircraft - Google Patents

Intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned aircraft Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104608914A
CN104608914A CN201410765788.5A CN201410765788A CN104608914A CN 104608914 A CN104608914 A CN 104608914A CN 201410765788 A CN201410765788 A CN 201410765788A CN 104608914 A CN104608914 A CN 104608914A
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China
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power unit
power
rotating shaft
interlayer
cover
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CN201410765788.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104608914B (en
Inventor
张承彬
张国鹏
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宁波高新区甬晶微电子有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/40Application of hydrogen technology to transportation, e.g. using fuel cells

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned aircraft, including an aircraft body, a main control system, a power drive system and an energy supply system, the aircraft body comprises a base and a top cover arranged on the base, the base and the top cover materials are hydrogen storage metal materials, a sealed chamber is formed between the base and the top cover, the energy supply system includes a solar panel, an organic fuel cell, a lithium cell and a super capacitor which are arranged above the top cover, the solar panel and the organic fuel cell are respectively connected with the lithium cell, the lithium cell is connected with the super capacitor, the super capacitor is respectively connected with the main control system and the power drive system, a first interlayer is arranged on the bottom of the base, a second interlayer is arranged between the solar panel and the top cover, the first interlayer and the second interlayer are respectively provided with a plurality of hydrogen accommodating airbags, the plurality of hydrogen accommodating airbags are connected with the organic fuel cell by pipes, and the intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned aircraft has the advantages of better environmental protection property, and sufficient available power of the power drive system.

Description

A kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rescue unmanned vehicle, especially relate to a kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle.
Background technology
Unmanned vehicle, refers to the flight equipment not needing the direct Driving control of people, is popularly unmanned aerial vehicle.At present, various types of unmanned vehicle spreads all over every field.Wherein, rescue unmanned vehicle and be mainly used in rescue field for information transmission and goods and materials delivery etc.
Traditional rescue unmanned vehicle mainly comprises master control system, aircraft body, power drive line unify energy supply system.Energy supply system provides master control system and the power needed for power-driven system work, and power-driven system drives the flight of aircraft body according to the control command of master control system.At present, the energy adopted in energy supply system is mainly gasoline, causes the following problem of rescue unmanned vehicle thus: one, to environment, the feature of environmental protection is poor; Two, the available under power of power-driven system, can only arrange four even two blades the lift and propulsive force that drive aircraft body are provided, aircraft body flying distance is not far, acceleration capacity is not enough, rescue efficiency is lower, and for reducing kinetic equation loss, aircraft body is merely able to carry a small amount of first aid goods and materials.
Summary of the invention
It is better that technical matters to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of feature of environmental protection, the intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle that the available power of power-driven system is more sufficient.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: a kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle, comprise aircraft body, master control system, power drive line is unified energy supply system, described aircraft body comprises base and is arranged on the top cover on described base, the material of described base and described top cover is hydrogen storage metal material, the cabin of sealing is formed between described base and described top cover, described energy supply system comprises the solar panels be arranged on above described top cover, organic Compound Fuel Cells, lithium cell, super capacitor and hydrogen electric supply installation, described solar panels are connected with described lithium cell respectively with described organic Compound Fuel Cells, described lithium cell is connected with described super capacitor, described super capacitor is connected with described master control system and described power-driven system respectively, the bottom of described base is provided with the first interlayer, the second interlayer is provided with between described solar panels and described top cover, multiple air bag for holding hydrogen is respectively arranged with in the first described interlayer and the second described interlayer, multiple described air bag is connected with described organic Compound Fuel Cells by pipeline.
Described power-driven system comprises the identical power unit of eight structures, the fan blade that described power unit comprises propelling unit, rotating shaft, fan duct shell between described propelling unit and described rotating shaft and is arranged in described fan duct shell, described propelling unit and described rotating shaft are fixedly connected with described fan duct shell respectively, eight described power units are respectively the first power unit, second power unit, 3rd power unit, 4th power unit, 5th power unit, 6th power unit, 7th power unit and the 8th power unit, the rotating shaft of the first described power unit and the rotating shaft of the second described power unit are coupling in the left side of the first described interlayer respectively, the rotating shaft of the 3rd described power unit and the rotating shaft of the 4th described power unit are coupling on the right side of the first described interlayer respectively, the rotating shaft of the 5th described power unit and the rotating shaft of the 6th described power unit are coupling in the left side of the second described interlayer respectively, the rotating shaft of the 7th described power unit and the rotating shaft of the 8th described power are coupling on the right side of the second described interlayer respectively, the propelling unit of eight power units is connected with described organic Compound Fuel Cells by pipeline.This structure adopts eight power units can realize the vertical takeoff and landing of aircraft, hovering, pivot stud, advance and promptly advance, simultaneously because the aircraft standby time is placed in roof, its fan blade also can provide certain wind-force electric energy, and the hydrogen that organic Compound Fuel Cells produces is filled with by pipeline in the propelling unit of eight power units and can be used as the use of propelling unit fuel.
Front side and the rear side of described top cover are respectively provided with an opening be communicated with described cabin, each opening part is provided with openable bidirectional bridge passage, the both sides of described bidirectional bridge passage are respectively arranged with foldable guardrail, when described bidirectional bridge passage is opened, described cabin is opened, when described bidirectional bridge passage closes, opening is closed, and described cabin is sealed.This structure is convenient to personnel escape, enters cabin, is also convenient to loading and the transport of relief goods simultaneously.
Described master control system comprises controller and stereovision and radar recognition system, artificial intelligence data bank is stored in described controller, described stereovision and radar recognition system holographic acquisition ambient condition information send to described controller, the information of ambient condition information in artificial intelligence data bank contrasts by described controller, judge environmental aspect, automatically adjust state of flight and execute the task.This structure, without the need to manual intervention, can realize the weather-proof response on duty and quick of unmanned vehicle, and can carry out automatic network-building scheduling, applied range.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that the material of base and top cover is hydrogen storage metal material, energy supply system comprises the solar panels be arranged on above top cover, organic Compound Fuel Cells, lithium cell, super capacitor and hydrogen electric supply installation, solar panels are connected with lithium cell respectively with organic Compound Fuel Cells, lithium cell is connected with super capacitor, super capacitor is connected with master control system and power-driven system respectively, hydrogen electric supply installation comprises multiple air bag, multiple air bag is all connected by pipeline with described organic Compound Fuel Cells, the bottom of base is provided with the first interlayer, the second interlayer is provided with between solar panels and top cover, multiple air bag lays respectively in the first interlayer and the second interlayer, pass through solar power, lithium cell, the various energy resources compound supplies such as organic-biological energy and super capacitor, the sufficient energy is provided, the feature of environmental protection is better, and the available power of power-driven system is more sufficient, air bag simultaneously in the first interlayer and the second interlayer is for holding organic fuel cell power generation to the hydrogen produced during lithium cell, this part hydrogen can be filled with in air bag by pipeline, the deadweight of aircraft entirety and protection aircraft can be alleviated on the one hand, urgent pusher is can be used for use as fuel on the other hand, thus, aircraft can on duty and continuation of the journey for a long time.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is block diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is birds-eye view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the block diagram of base of the present invention and header field;
Fig. 5 is the functional block diagram of energy supply system of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment: as shown in the figure, a kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle, comprise aircraft body, master control system, power drive line is unified energy supply system, the top cover 2 that aircraft body comprises base 1 and is arranged on base 1, base 1 is hydrogen storage metal material with the material of top cover 2, the cabin 3 of sealing is formed between base 1 and top cover 2, energy supply system comprises the solar panels 4 be arranged on above top cover 2, organic Compound Fuel Cells, lithium cell and super capacitor, solar panels 4 are connected with lithium cell respectively with organic Compound Fuel Cells, lithium cell is connected with super capacitor, super capacitor is connected with master control system and power-driven system respectively, the bottom of base 1 is provided with the first interlayer 5, the second interlayer 6 is provided with between solar panels 4 and top cover 2, multiple air bag for holding hydrogen is respectively arranged with in first interlayer 5 and the second interlayer 6, multiple air bag is connected with organic Compound Fuel Cells by pipeline.
In the present embodiment, power-driven system comprises the identical power unit of eight structures, the fan blade 10 that power unit comprises propelling unit 7, rotating shaft 8, fan duct shell 9 between propelling unit 7 and rotating shaft 8 and is arranged in fan duct shell 9, propelling unit 7 and rotating shaft 8 are fixedly connected with fan duct shell 9 respectively, eight power units are respectively the first power unit 11, second power unit 12, 3rd power unit 13, 4th power unit 14, 5th power unit 15, 6th power unit 16, 7th power unit 17 and the 8th power unit 18, the rotating shaft 8 of the first power unit 11 and the rotating shaft 8 of the second power unit 12 are coupling in the left side of the first interlayer 5 respectively, the rotating shaft 8 of the 3rd power unit 13 and the rotating shaft 8 of the 4th power unit 14 are coupling on the right side of the first interlayer 5 respectively, the rotating shaft 8 of the 5th power unit 15 and the rotating shaft 8 of the 6th power unit 16 are coupling in the left side of the second interlayer 6 respectively, the rotating shaft 8 of the 7th power unit 17 and the rotating shaft 8 of the 8th power 18 are coupling on the right side of the second interlayer 6 respectively, the propelling unit of eight power units is connected with organic Compound Fuel Cells by pipeline.
In the present embodiment, front side 21 and the rear side 22 of top cover 2 are respectively provided with an opening be communicated with cabin, each opening part is provided with openable bidirectional bridge passage 19, the both sides of bidirectional bridge passage 19 are respectively arranged with foldable guardrail 20, when bidirectional bridge passage 19 is opened, cabin 3 is opened, when bidirectional bridge passage 19 closes, opening is closed, and cabin 3 is sealed.
In the present embodiment, master control system comprises controller and stereovision and radar recognition system, artificial intelligence data bank is stored in controller, stereovision and radar recognition system holographic acquisition ambient condition information send to controller, the information of ambient condition information in artificial intelligence data bank contrasts by described controller, judge environmental aspect, automatically adjust state of flight and execute the task.
The principle of work of intelligent multipurpose of the present invention rescue unmanned vehicle is described below: after master control system receives building rescue instruction for building rescue, master control system sends rescue order, unmanned vehicle enters mode of operation, now lithium cell discharges to super capacitor, super capacitor continued power is to master control system and power-driven system, in power-driven system, the blade of eight power units is activated, stereovision in master control system and radar recognition system carry out real-time judge to rescue position, controller in master control system regulates the angle of the rotating shaft of eight power units to make unmanned vehicle fly to destination according to the judged result of stereovision and radar recognition system.When unmanned vehicle arrives behind destination, first stereovision and radar recognition system judge whether environment is applicable to rescue, if be applicable to, near rescue, then open bidirectional bridge passage when rescuing, have rescued rear closedown bidirectional bridge passage, flown to safety zone fast.The event of burst when helping as being rescued, master control system controls bidirectional bridge pathway closure at once, and drives the propelling unit of power-driven system, and propelling unit orders about unmanned vehicle and leaves hazardous location fast, guarantees the safety of personnel and unmanned vehicle.
The power supply principle of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle of the present invention is: when unmanned vehicle is awaited orders, external power supply charges to lithium cell, solar power is converted to electrical power storage in lithium cell by solar panels, Wind resource change becomes electrical power storage in lithium cell by the blade of eight power units, organic Compound Fuel Cells produces electrical power storage in lithium cell by degradation of organic substances, organic Compound Fuel Cells can produce hydrogen while generation electric energy, and this part hydrogen can be filled with in air bag and pusher by pipeline.Hydrogen in air bag is mainly used in the effect alleviating deadweight and protection aircraft; Hydrogen in pusher is mainly used in providing the energy when danger, leaves hazardous location fast; During unmanned vehicle work, lithium cell is by the electrical energy transfer of storage to super capacitor, and power delivery to the power device such as master control system and power-driven system, normally works to supply them by super capacitor.The functional block diagram of energy supply system as shown in Figure 5.

Claims (4)

1. an intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle, comprise aircraft body, master control system, power drive line is unified energy supply system, it is characterized in that described aircraft body comprises base and is arranged on the top cover on described base, the material of described base and described top cover is hydrogen storage metal material, the cabin of sealing is formed between described base and described top cover, described energy supply system comprises the solar panels be arranged on above described top cover, organic Compound Fuel Cells, lithium cell and super capacitor, described solar panels are connected with described lithium cell respectively with described organic Compound Fuel Cells, described lithium cell is connected with described super capacitor, described super capacitor is connected with described master control system and described power-driven system respectively, the bottom of described base is provided with the first interlayer, the second interlayer is provided with between described solar panels and described top cover, multiple air bag for holding hydrogen is respectively arranged with in the first described interlayer and the second described interlayer, multiple described air bag is connected with described organic Compound Fuel Cells by pipeline.
2. a kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that described power-driven system comprises the identical power unit of eight structures, the fan blade that described power unit comprises propelling unit, rotating shaft, fan duct shell between described propelling unit and described rotating shaft and is arranged in described fan duct shell, described propelling unit and described rotating shaft are fixedly connected with described fan duct shell respectively, eight described power units are respectively the first power unit, second power unit, 3rd power unit, 4th power unit, 5th power unit, 6th power unit, 7th power unit and the 8th power unit, the rotating shaft of the first described power unit and the rotating shaft of the second described power unit are coupling in the left side of the first described interlayer respectively, the rotating shaft of the 3rd described power unit and the rotating shaft of the 4th described power unit are coupling on the right side of the first described interlayer respectively, the rotating shaft of the 5th described power unit and the rotating shaft of the 6th described power unit are coupling in the left side of the second described interlayer respectively, the rotating shaft of the 7th described power unit and the rotating shaft of the 8th described power are coupling on the right side of the second described interlayer respectively, the propelling unit of eight power units is connected with described organic Compound Fuel Cells by pipeline.
3. a kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the front side of described top cover and rear side are respectively provided with an opening be communicated with described cabin, each opening part is provided with openable bidirectional bridge passage, the both sides of described bidirectional bridge passage are respectively arranged with foldable guardrail, when described bidirectional bridge passage is opened, described cabin is opened, when described bidirectional bridge passage closes, opening is closed, and described cabin is sealed.
4. a kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described master control system comprises controller and stereovision and radar recognition system, artificial intelligence data bank is stored in described controller, described stereovision and radar recognition system holographic acquisition ambient condition information send to described controller, the information of ambient condition information in artificial intelligence data bank contrasts by described controller, judge environmental aspect, automatically adjust state of flight and execute the task.
CN201410765788.5A 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 A kind of intelligent multipurpose rescue unmanned vehicle CN104608914B (en)

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Cited By (5)

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CN105226836A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-06 杨珊珊 A kind of can the unmanned plane of automatic charging, unmanned plane charging system and charging method
CN106194498A (en) * 2016-08-11 2016-12-07 南昌航空大学 A kind of novel stacked combination type ducted fan
CN106345127A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 上海交通大学 Machine vision based model aircraft launcher
CN107193285A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-09-22 湖北工业大学 Many rotor fuel cell plant protection unmanned aerial vehicle control systems and its method of work
TWI620689B (en) * 2017-01-24 2018-04-11 林清富 Solar cell module for unmanned aerial vehicle

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EP1280700A2 (en) * 2000-04-03 2003-02-05 Aerovironment Inc. Liquid hydrogen stratospheric aircraft
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105226836A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-06 杨珊珊 A kind of can the unmanned plane of automatic charging, unmanned plane charging system and charging method
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CN106345127A (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-01-25 上海交通大学 Machine vision based model aircraft launcher
TWI620689B (en) * 2017-01-24 2018-04-11 林清富 Solar cell module for unmanned aerial vehicle
CN107193285A (en) * 2017-04-20 2017-09-22 湖北工业大学 Many rotor fuel cell plant protection unmanned aerial vehicle control systems and its method of work
CN107193285B (en) * 2017-04-20 2020-11-10 湖北工业大学 Multi-rotor-wing fuel cell plant protection unmanned aerial vehicle control system and working method thereof

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