CN104602337B - Communicator, communication means and light fixture for indoor positioning - Google Patents

Communicator, communication means and light fixture for indoor positioning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104602337B
CN104602337B CN201410818574.XA CN201410818574A CN104602337B CN 104602337 B CN104602337 B CN 104602337B CN 201410818574 A CN201410818574 A CN 201410818574A CN 104602337 B CN104602337 B CN 104602337B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wireless signal
communicator
locating wireless
indoor positioning
light fixture
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CN201410818574.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104602337A (en
Inventor
张勇
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北京奇虎科技有限公司
奇智软件(北京)有限公司
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Priority to CN201410818574.XA priority Critical patent/CN104602337B/en
Publication of CN104602337A publication Critical patent/CN104602337A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104602337B publication Critical patent/CN104602337B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of communicator, communication means and light fixture for indoor positioning.Wherein the communicator includes:Locating wireless signal transmitter, the broadcast transmission locating wireless signal in localization region is configured to fixed transmission power, so that the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to locating wireless signal determines position;Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback instruction, position feedback instruction by terminal to be positioned it is determined that generated behind its position, and the change running status of the electrical equipment for indicating to electrically connect with communicator, so that electrical equipment indicates the position of communicator;Instruction performs interface, is configured to assign the control signal with position feedback instructions match to electrical equipment.Using the program, positioning precision is improved, and user can be easy to recognize its position, the difficulty that user confirms position is reduced, improves usage experience.

Description

Communicator, communication means and light fixture for indoor positioning

Technical field

The present invention relates to indoor positioning field, more particularly to a kind of communicator, communication means for indoor positioning With light fixture.

Background technology

Traditional location technology, outdoor void spaces are primarily adapted for use in, the alignment system established using synchronous satellite is carried out Positioning, such as global positioning system (Global Positioning System, usual abbreviation GPS), dipper system etc..

However as the development in city, the scale of building is increasing, and people are increasing to the demand of indoor positioning, so And indoor reception satellite-signal is poor, global position system can not be used.Occur some in the prior art for this problem The scheme of indoor positioning is carried out using locating wireless signal.In these schemes, using locating wireless signal intensity with distance Increase, the principle gradually to decay, in the indoor setting locating wireless signal transmitter that positions of needs, by the signal in mobile target Reception device obtains locating wireless signal, and the locating wireless signal intensity of acquisition is passed through into signal intensity attenuation formula as parameter The distance of Distance positioning wireless signal transmitter is calculated, and further realizes positioning.

But due to the above distance calculation formula when closely it is more accurate, it is more due to electromagnetic wave when distance becomes remote Footpath effect, signal interference, object, which block etc., to be influenceed, and the degree of accuracy for the distance being calculated can decline, and then cause positioning precision It is not high.

And scantily target also be present in existing indoor locating system, in the building interior of some specific functions, Such as in bulk storage plant or parking lot, due to lacking station location marker, it is inconvenient for use to also result in user.

The content of the invention

In view of the above problems, it is proposed that the present invention so as to provide one kind overcome above mentioned problem or at least in part solve on State problem for the communicator of indoor positioning, light fixture and the corresponding communication means for being used for indoor positioning.The present invention one Further objective is that make it that indoor position accuracy is higher.

The present invention another further objective is that reducing user determine the difficulty of target location.

According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of communicator for indoor positioning.This is used for indoor positioning Communicator.The communicator includes:Locating wireless signal transmitter, it is configured to fixed transmission power in localization region Interior broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, so that the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to locating wireless signal determines institute In position;Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback instruction, position feedback instruction is by terminal to be positioned it is determined that its institute It is in place to postpone generation, and the electrical equipment for indicating to electrically connect with communicator changes running status, so that electrical equipment refers to The position of communicator is shown;Instruction performs interface, is configured to assign the control with position feedback instructions match to electrical equipment Signal.

Alternatively, the above also includes for the communicator of indoor positioning:Memory, it is configured to store the mark of communicator Know code, the identification code for the multiple communicators arranged in localization region is arranged to different;Locating wireless signal transmitter also configures Into:With fixed transmission power, broadcast transmission carries the locating wireless signal of identification code in localization region.

Alternatively, locating wireless signal transmitter is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.

Alternatively, command reception interface is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive indoor positioning service The position feedback for the coming from terminal to be positioned instruction of device forwarding.

Alternatively, the communicator for indoor positioning is arranged in the light fixture in localization region, and instruction performs interface also It is configured to electrically connect with the lamp dimmer of light fixture.

Alternatively, the communicator for indoor positioning also includes:Supply unit, it is configured to power to communicator;With And photoelectricity conversion thin film, the lampshade inwall of light fixture is arranged at, the luminous energy or heat energy for being configured to send light fixture are converted to electric energy To be charged to supply unit.

According to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of light fixture is additionally provided.The light fixture includes:Light source, locating wireless signal hair Emitter, the broadcast transmission locating wireless signal in localization region is configured to fixed transmission power, for terminal root to be positioned The signal characteristic extracted according to locating wireless signal determines position;Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback Instruction, position feedback instruction by terminal to be positioned it is determined that generated behind its position, and for indicating light source with default side Formula lights, to indicate the position of light fixture;Lamp dimmer, it is configured to instruct the luminous shape of control light source according to position feedback State.

Alternatively, above light fixture also includes:Memory, it is configured to store the identification code of light fixture, is arranged in localization region The identification code of multiple light fixtures is arranged to different;Locating wireless signal transmitter is configured to:Positioned with fixed transmission power Broadcast transmission carries the locating wireless signal of identification code in region.

Alternatively, locating wireless signal transmitter is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.

Alternatively, command reception interface, it is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive indoor positioning service The position feedback for the coming from terminal to be positioned instruction of device forwarding.

Alternatively, above light fixture also includes:Photoelectricity conversion thin film, the lampshade inwall of light fixture is arranged at, is configured to light source The luminous energy or heat energy sent is converted to electric energy with to locating wireless signal transmitter, command reception interface and signal light control Device is powered.

According to an aspect of the present invention, a kind of communication means for indoor positioning is additionally provided.This is used for indoor fixed The communication means of position includes:With fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, for be positioned The signal characteristic that terminal extracts according to locating wireless signal determines position;Terminal to be positioned is obtained where determining The position feedback instruction generated behind position;The control signal with position feedback instructions match is assigned to electrical equipment, so that electrically Equipment indicates the position of communicator.

Alternatively, also include before broadcast transmission locating wireless signal in localization region with fixed transmission power: Communication identifier code is obtained, the identification code for the multiple communicators arranged in localization region is arranged to different;Locating wireless signal band There is identification code.

Alternatively, the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to locating wireless signal determines that position includes: Receive locating wireless signal;The signal characteristic of locating wireless signal is extracted, the signal that signal characteristic includes locating wireless signal is strong Degree and identification code;Signal characteristic is matched with the signal characteristic of diverse location in the localization region measured in advance, with true Surely position corresponding to the signal characteristic matched.

Alternatively, the signal characteristic of diverse location carries out matching bag in the localization region measured by signal characteristic and in advance Include:Up-delivering signal feature is to indoor positioning server, the signal characteristic for uploading terminal to be positioned for indoor positioning server Matched with the signal characteristic of diverse location in the localization region pre-saved.

Alternatively, generating position feedback instruction includes:Obtain and selected by user on the electronic map of description localization region The target location taken;The nearest communicator in distance objective position is searched, generation instructs for the position feedback of communicator.

Alternatively, position feedback instruction is configured to indicate that light source is lighted with predetermined manner.

The communicator for indoor positioning of the present invention, with fixed transmission power broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, And the structure of localization region is fixed, according to the attenuation principle of locating wireless signal, each locating wireless signal transmitter The signal of transmission signal characteristic of a certain position in localization region is to determine, therefore the end to be positioned moved with mobile target End can goes out corresponding position using the Signal Matching in the localization region measured in advance.The data used in position fixing process are real Border measurement is drawn, will not be caused calculation error because of the difference of theoretical formula and practical service environment, be improved positioning precision.And And the communicator can also utilize the position feedback instruction of terminal to be positioned generation to change the electrical equipment that be electrically connected Running status, so that the electrical equipment indicates position, terrestrial reference is formed, so that user recognizes, reduce user's confirmation The difficulty of position, improves usage experience.

Further, the communicator for indoor positioning of the invention can be arranged at lamp interior, solve power supply Powerup issue, and because the position of light fixture is higher, blocking for object can be avoided, it ensure that covering for locating wireless signal Capping accumulates, and on the other hand by changing the luminance of light user can be easy to easily to search out target location.

Described above is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the technological means of the present invention, And can be practiced according to the content of specification, and in order to allow above and other objects of the present invention, feature and advantage can Become apparent, below especially exemplified by the embodiment of the present invention.

According to the accompanying drawings will be brighter to the detailed description of the specific embodiment of the invention, those skilled in the art Above-mentioned and other purposes, the advantages and features of the present invention.

Brief description of the drawings

By reading the detailed description of hereafter preferred embodiment, it is various other the advantages of and benefit it is common for this area Technical staff will be clear understanding.Accompanying drawing is only used for showing the purpose of preferred embodiment, and is not considered as to the present invention Limitation.And in whole accompanying drawing, identical part is denoted by the same reference numerals.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the use environment framework signal of the communicator according to an embodiment of the invention for indoor positioning Figure;

Fig. 2 is the schematic block diagram of the communicator according to an embodiment of the invention for indoor positioning;

Fig. 3 is the schematic block diagram of light fixture according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 4 is the schematic block diagram of light fixture according to another embodiment of the present invention;And

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the communication means of indoor positioning according to an embodiment of the invention.

Embodiment

Algorithm and display be not inherently related to any certain computer, virtual system or miscellaneous equipment provided herein. Various general-purpose systems can also be used together with teaching based on this.As described above, required by constructing this kind of system Structure be obvious.In addition, the present invention is not also directed to any certain programmed language.It should be understood that it can utilize various Programming language realizes the content of invention described herein, and the description done above to language-specific is to disclose this hair Bright preferred forms.

Fig. 1 is the use environment framework signal of the communicator according to an embodiment of the invention for indoor positioning Figure;In position fixing process is carried out, it is necessary to using multiple for the communicator 100 of indoor positioning, terminal to be positioned 200, interior Location-server 300.

Communicator 100 for indoor positioning is arranged at the diverse location of localization region, and each indoor positioning is led to T unit 100 is each configured to fixed transmission power broadcast transmission locating wireless signal.Under ideal conditions, one is used for The communicator 100 of indoor positioning launches the locating wireless signal of certain power, and nearby certain signal for pointing out is strong for communicator 100 Degree and the distance of the range communication device 100 square are inversely proportional, in practical service environment, because signal transmits ring Border condition and ideal situation have a larger difference, thus can not simply use above inverse relation come expression signal intensity and away from From relation.This namely increases with distance, and the reason for order of accuarcy of distance is gradually reduced is calculated using signal attenuation.

Indoors, because the arrangement such as wall, floor, article is sufficiently complex, the propagation path of locating wireless signal is hindered Hinder having a great influence for thing, therefore for each location point in localization region, the decay of the intensity of locating wireless signal by Influence to distance factor is not conclusive, but determined with the position characteristics of the point, if measuring positioning area in advance The signal characteristic each put in domain, composition signal characteristic storehouse.Utilize the signal characteristic and pair of position established in signal characteristic storehouse It should be related to, out position can be matched to obtain after terminal 200 to be positioned obtains signal characteristic.

Terminal 200 to be positioned can follow mobile target to be moved in localization region, and be configured to receive position Locating wireless signal, the signal characteristic of locating wireless signal is extracted, to be contrasted with the signal characteristic being previously obtained.Consider Quantity to localization region signal characteristic may be larger, and the signal characteristic of locating wireless signal is extracted in terminal 200 to be positioned Afterwards, the work of contrast can be carried out by indoor positioning server 300.

Indoor positioning server 300, the signal characteristic of multiple localization regions can be pre-saved, for some localization region The signal characteristic of the positional information of diverse location in the localization region and the position can be subjected to matching preservation, to form letter Number feature and the one-to-one relationship of position.The signal characteristic that indoor positioning server 300 can upload terminal 200 to be positioned Matched with the signal characteristic measured in advance, to determine position corresponding to the signal characteristic matched, the position that will be determined Information is handed down to terminal 200 to be positioned, so that terminal 200 to be positioned uses.

Various locating wireless signals various parameters in transmitting procedure can be used to be formed and position pair in the present embodiment The signal characteristic answered.Preferably, the communicator 100 each for indoor positioning is configured with unique identification code, and each use Its identification code is carried in the broadcast transmission locating wireless signal of communicator 100 of indoor positioning.Namely for indoor positioning The broadcast transmission of communicator 100 carry its exclusive identification code information locating wireless signal, in a localization region, own Identification code for the communicator 100 of indoor positioning is disposed as difference, so as to determine the positioning using identification code Which the emission source of wireless signal be used for the communicator 100 of indoor positioning for.In addition to this mode, the present embodiment can be with The modes such as frequency of use, channel distinguish locating wireless signal transmitter.

The embodiment of the present invention preferentially distinguishes the communicator 100 for indoor positioning using identification code, and configuration is simply.Phase Ying Di, signal characteristic can include:The signal intensity of the locating wireless signal received and the locating wireless signal received In the identification code that includes.Some position in localization region, at least one of arrangement in localization region can be received and be used for The locating wireless signal that the communicator 100 of indoor positioning is sent, from the identification codes of these locating wireless signal transmitters 110 and Locating wireless signal intensity can be as the signal characteristic of the position.

Position and arrangement quantity of the communicator 100 in localization region for indoor positioning needs to depend on The area of localization region, structure, positioning precision demand determine.Such as by taking market as an example, the communicator for indoor positioning The signal characteristic of 100 generations just needs to meet the condition for distinguishing different shops or sales counter;By taking warehouse as an example, for indoor positioning The signal characteristic that generates of communicator 100 just need to meet to distinguish the conditions of different shelf.By taking parking lot as an example, for room The signal characteristic that the communicator 100 of interior positioning generates just needs to meet the condition for distinguishing different parking stalls.

It is determined that after out position, the embodiment of the present invention can be combined with electronic map, realize output and the room of positional information Interior navigation feature.Such as indoor positioning server 300 can also pre-save the electronic map of localization region, and it is determined that Behind position corresponding to the signal characteristic allotted, map reference is determined according to the position determined on the electronic map, by map Coordinate is handed down to terminal 200 to be positioned.Terminal 200 to be positioned receives map reference, exports the electronic map interface of localization region, And position corresponding to map reference is shown in electronic map interface.

Indoor electronic map can be by by the large-scale indoor places such as commercial facility, means of transportation, performance venue, warehouse Portion's precise position information is intuitively shown.And indoor electronic map can switch over existing outdoor electrical map, when After getting in scene, the situation of building of outdoor is switched to the structure of building interior.Provide the user comprehensive positioning service.

Further, terminal 200 to be positioned can also obtain the target location chosen on user's electronic map, and on It is transmitted to indoor positioning server 300;Indoor positioning server 300 plans the position of terminal 200 to be positioned to target location Course, and course is handed down to terminal 200 to be positioned, so that terminal 200 to be positioned is shown.

Due to lacking station location marker in some localization regions, it is therefore possible to occur user according to electronic map be difficult to Physical location is positioned, and is occurred accurately corresponding to the situation for finding target location according to electronic map, is asked based on this Topic, the communicator 100 for being used to position of the embodiment of the present invention can also be controlled to the electrical equipment being electrically connected, mark Know and its position, so that user can carry out with map location physical location corresponding, facilitate user with finding target Point or other home positions.

Fig. 2 is the schematic block diagram of the communicator 100 according to an embodiment of the invention for indoor positioning, and this is used for The communicator 100 of indoor positioning can include in general manner:Locating wireless signal transmitter 110, command reception interface 120, Instruction performs interface 130.

In with upper-part, locating wireless signal transmitter 110 is configured to fixed transmission power in localization region Broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, where being determined for the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to locating wireless signal Position.In a kind of alternative embodiment, locating wireless signal transmitter 110 can carry out positioning nothing using low-power consumption bluetooth technology The transmission of line signal.Multiple low-power consumption bluetooth emitters are set in localization region with the fixed transmission frequency broadcast mark of itself Know code, terminal 200 to be positioned is provided with low-power consumption bluetooth signal receiving function, can receive different locating wireless signal transmittings The identification code information that device is sent in a manner of low-power consumption bluetooth, so as to which the signal characteristic formed using signal intensity and identification code is passed through Indoor positioning server 300 completes positioning.

The characteristics of additionally, due to low-power consumption bluetooth technology multicasting and small transmission cycle dutycycle, it can also reduce same The problem of locating wireless signal interference that the different communicators 100 for being used for indoor positioning are sent on one position.

Command reception interface 120 is configured to receive position feedback instruction, and position feedback instruction is by terminal 200 to be positioned true Generated behind its fixed position, and the electrical equipment for indicating to electrically connect with communicator 100 changes running status, so that electric Gas equipment indicates 200 positions of communicator, and the generating process of position feedback instruction can include:User selects description Target location in the electronic map of localization region, obtain the target location of the selection;Lookup distance objective position is nearest to be led to T unit 100, generation instruct for the position feedback of this communicator 100.Position feedback instruction can be by terminal to be positioned 200 are directly transmitted, and in a kind of alternative embodiment, the instruction of above position feedback can also be sent by indoor positioning server 300, Such as terminal 200 to be positioned obtains the target point that user chooses on the electronic map, indoor positioning server 300 receives the mesh The coordinate of punctuate on the electronic map, and the nearest communicator 100 in distance objective position is searched, to determining for communicator 100 Position feedback command.Such as command reception interface 120 can be connected with the data of indoor positioning server 300, be configured to receiving chamber What interior location-server 300 forwarded comes from the position feedback instruction of terminal 200 to be positioned;Indoor positioning server 300 utilizes The positioning for pre-saving diverse location in the position information of all communicators 100 and localization region in localization region is wireless The signal characteristic of signal provides positioning service and instruction services.

Instruction performs interface 130 and assigns control signal with position feedback instructions match to electrical equipment is attached thereto, and refers to Order performs interface 130 and can be parsed position feedback instruction, and is converted to control signal corresponding to electrical equipment.This electrically sets Standby preferably light fixture, makes user discrimination by the light for flashing or sending different colours.May be used also in some other embodiments With the position for being used to indicate target communication device 100 using display screen, sound broadcast device.

In some alternative embodiments of the present invention, memory 140 and supply unit (not shown) can also be set, Memory 140 is used for the identification code for storing communicator 100, the identification code for the multiple communicators 100 arranged in localization region It is arranged to different, consequently facilitating terminal to be positioned 200 extracts signal characteristic, position feedback instruction pair can also be quickly found in addition The communicator 100. answered

, can be preferentially by the communicator for positioning in order to solve the powerup issue of the communicator 100 for positioning 100 be arranged in localization region close to power supply position, such as it is multiple be used for position communicator 100 can with dispersed placement in In light fixture in localization region, it can in addition contain dispersed placement in the power outlet of localization region.Preferably a kind of mode is: Communicator 100 for positioning can be arranged in the light fixture in localization region, and one side light fixture is typically located at higher Position, it is not easy to blocked by furniture or other articles, signal area coverage is big.On the other hand lamp interior is arranged in, just In dismounting and safeguard, and do not interfere with the finishing of interior or other visual effects.

Communicator 100 for positioning can be powered using rechargeable battery, when it is arranged in lamp interior, To battery charging a kind of mode be:Locating wireless signal transmitter is provided with photoelectricity conversion thin film, and photoelectricity conversion thin film is set In the lampshade inwall of light fixture, so as to which the luminous energy or heat energy that send light are converted to electric energy with to the communication for being positioned for positioning Device 100 charges.

Therefore the communicator 100 for being used to position of the present embodiment can be preferably disposed in the light fixture in localization region, Instruction performs interface 130 and is configured to electrically connect with the lamp dimmer of light fixture.So as to change the glittering state of light, to user Carry out position indicating.

The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of light fixture.It is provided with the light fixture in above example and is used for the logical of indoor positioning T unit 100.Fig. 3 is the schematic block diagram of light fixture according to an embodiment of the invention, and the light fixture 400 can include:Light source 420, the communicator 100 for indoor positioning of any embodiment described above;And lamp dimmer 410, configuration To assign the luminance for changing light source with the control signal of position feedback instructions match according to communicator 100, for example, it is logical Cross to flash or change Light Color and user is prompted.

In another embodiment of the present invention, light fixture 500 can have with integrally disposed:Light source 510, locating wireless signal hair Emitter 520, command reception interface 530, lamp dimmer 540, memory 550, photoelectricity conversion thin film (not shown), at this In embodiment, lamp interior will be directly integrated in upper-part.Rather than subsequently the communicator 100 for indoor positioning is pacified Loaded on lamp interior.

In this embodiment, locating wireless signal transmitter 520 is configured to fixed transmission power in localization region Broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, where being determined for the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to locating wireless signal Position;Locating wireless signal transmitter 520 is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.Memory 550 is stored with light fixture 500 identification code, the identification code for the multiple light fixtures 500 arranged in localization region are arranged to different;Locating wireless signal transmitter 520 can also with fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission carry identification code locating wireless signal.

Command reception interface 530 is configured to receive position feedback instruction, and position feedback instruction is by terminal 200 to be positioned true Generated behind its fixed position, and for indicating that light source is lighted in a manner of default, to indicate the position of light fixture.And instruct Receiving interface 530 is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive coming from for indoor positioning server forwarding and is treated The position feedback instruction of positioning terminal.

Lamp dimmer 410 instructs the luminance of control light source according to position feedback, with to user's indicating positions.

Therefore, the function of the light fixture 500 of the embodiment and the light fixture 400 of a upper embodiment is essentially identical, is providing positioning While wireless signal, the instruction of position can also be carried out, its difference is that communicator is integrated in lamp interior or logical T unit assemblies after individually setting up with light fixture.The function of above light fixture is introduced below in conjunction with several usage scenarios.

In a kind of specifically used environment of the light fixture of the present embodiment, localization region is bulk storage plant, in each memory block The light fixture 400 or light fixture 500 of the present embodiment are disposed with above domain, is arranged in terminal 200 to be positioned on carrying vehicle, interior is fixed The signal characteristic that position server 300 can receive according to terminal 200 to be positioned, determines vehicle location, and target is carried position Light it is glittering with the light color different from other light, so that carrying personnel determines its position, improve handling efficiency.

In another specifically used environment of the light fixture of the present embodiment, localization region is parking lot, on each parking stall The light fixture 400 or light fixture 500 of the present embodiment are disposed with above side or each parking stall storage area, in the cloth of terminal 200 to be positioned Being placed in needs in parked vehicle, the signal characteristic that indoor positioning server 300 can receive according to terminal 200 to be positioned, really Determine the position of vehicle, according to indoor navigation route and vehicle close on need the crossing turned or park target position when, make Prompted with light, user can utilize the light of prompting to complete the whole process of parking, without entering to terminal Row operation.

In another specifically used environment of the light fixture of the present embodiment, localization region is Office Area, in the door of office Mouth is disposed with the light fixture 400 or light fixture 500 of the present embodiment, and terminal 200 to be positioned is user's mobile phone, when user passes through mobile phone After inputting the room of target, indicator lamp that can be near the room is opened, and is easy to user to find.

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the communication means of indoor positioning according to an embodiment of the invention, and the indoor positioning is led to Letter method can be performed by the communicator 100 or light fixture 500 for indoor positioning in above example, and essence is provided for user True indoor positioning and station location marker service.The communicator for indoor positioning of the present embodiment can include in general manner:

Step S602, with fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, for be positioned The signal characteristic that terminal extracts according to locating wireless signal determines position;

Step S604, obtain the position feedback instruction that terminal to be positioned generates after position is determined;

Step S606, the control signal with position feedback instructions match is assigned to electrical equipment, so that electrical equipment indicates Go out the position of communicator.

Before step S602, the communicator for indoor positioning also needs to obtain communication identifier code, in localization region The identification code of multiple communicators of arrangement is arranged to different;It is configured in the locating wireless signal that communications device broadcasts are sent With identification code.Above locating wireless signal preferably uses the locating wireless signal sent in a manner of low-power consumption bluetooth, Mei Geding Communication device configuration has unique identification code, and believes in the locating wireless signal of each communicator transmission with its identification code Breath.Signal characteristic can include:In the signal intensity of the locating wireless signal received and the locating wireless signal received Comprising identification code information.

The signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to locating wireless signal determines a kind of optional side of position The signal intensity for the locating wireless signal that formula receives for detection, and parse the mark included in the locating wireless signal received Code information, to generate signal characteristic, the signal characteristic of signal characteristic and diverse location in the localization region that in advance measures is carried out Matching, to determine position corresponding to the signal characteristic matched, such as up-delivering signal feature to indoor positioning server, for room The signal of the signal characteristic that interior location-server uploads terminal to be positioned and diverse location in the localization region pre-saved is special Sign is matched.

The flow of terminal generation position feedback instruction to be positioned can include:Obtain by user in description localization region The target location chosen on electronic map;The nearest communicator in distance objective position is searched, generation is determined for communicator Position feedback command.Position feedback instruction includes the luminance of light fixture where changing communicator.

Position feedback instruction is configured to indicate that light source is lighted with predetermined manner, such as blinking light.In some other implementations The modes such as auditory tone cues can also be used to carry out position instruction in example so that user can easily and directly find target position Put.

The communicator and communication means for indoor positioning of the present invention, positioned with fixed transmission power broadcast transmission Wireless signal, and the structure of localization region is fixed, according to the attenuation principle of locating wireless signal, each positions wireless communication The signal that number transmitter is sent signal characteristic of a certain position in localization region is to determine, therefore with mobile target movement Terminal can be positioned goes out corresponding position using the Signal Matching in the localization region measured in advance.Used in position fixing process The actual measurement of data show that will not cause calculation error because of the difference of theoretical formula and practical service environment, it is fixed to improve Position precision.And the communicator can also utilize the position feedback instruction of terminal to be positioned generation to change the electricity being electrically connected The running status of gas equipment, so that the electrical equipment indicates position, terrestrial reference is formed, so that user recognizes that reducing makes User confirms the difficulty of position, improves usage experience.

Further, the communicator for indoor positioning of the invention can be arranged at lamp interior, solve power supply Powerup issue, and because the position of light fixture is higher, blocking for object can be avoided, it ensure that covering for locating wireless signal Capping accumulates, and on the other hand by changing the luminance of light user can be easy to easily to search out target location.Herein In the specification that place provides, numerous specific details are set forth.It is to be appreciated, however, that embodiments of the invention can not have Put into practice in the case of these details.In some instances, known method, structure and technology is not been shown in detail, so as to Do not obscure the understanding of this description.

Similarly, it will be appreciated that in order to simplify the disclosure and help to understand one or more of each inventive aspect, Above in the description to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each feature of the invention is grouped together into single implementation sometimes In example, figure or descriptions thereof.However, the method for the disclosure should be construed to reflect following intention:I.e. required guarantor The application claims of shield features more more than the feature being expressly recited in each claim.It is more precisely, such as following Claims reflect as, inventive aspect is all features less than single embodiment disclosed above.Therefore, Thus the claims for following embodiment are expressly incorporated in the embodiment, wherein each claim is in itself Separate embodiments all as the present invention.

Those skilled in the art, which are appreciated that, to be carried out adaptively to the module in the equipment in embodiment Change and they are arranged in one or more equipment different from the embodiment.Can be the module or list in embodiment Member or component be combined into a module or unit or component, and can be divided into addition multiple submodule or subelement or Sub-component.In addition at least some in such feature and/or process or unit exclude each other, it can use any Combination is disclosed to all features disclosed in this specification (including adjoint claim, summary and accompanying drawing) and so to appoint Where all processes or unit of method or equipment are combined.Unless expressly stated otherwise, this specification (including adjoint power Profit requires, summary and accompanying drawing) disclosed in each feature can be by providing the alternative features of identical, equivalent or similar purpose come generation Replace.

In addition, it will be appreciated by those of skill in the art that although some embodiments described herein include other embodiments In included some features rather than further feature, but the combination of the feature of different embodiments means in of the invention Within the scope of and form different embodiments.For example, in detail in the claims, embodiment claimed it is one of any Mode it can use in any combination.

The all parts embodiment of the present invention can be realized with hardware, or to be run on one or more processor Software module realize, or realized with combinations thereof.It will be understood by those of skill in the art that it can use in practice Microprocessor or digital signal processor (DSP) realize the communicator for indoor positioning according to embodiments of the present invention Or some or all functions of some or all parts in light fixture.The present invention is also implemented as being used to perform institute here The some or all equipment or program of device of the method for description are (for example, computer program and computer program production Product).Such program for realizing the present invention can store on a computer-readable medium, or can have one or more The form of signal.Such signal can be downloaded from internet website and obtained, and either be provided or on carrier signal to appoint What other forms provides.

It should be noted that the present invention will be described rather than limits the invention for above-described embodiment, and ability Field technique personnel can design alternative embodiment without departing from the scope of the appended claims.In the claims, Any reference symbol between bracket should not be configured to limitations on claims.Word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of not Element or step listed in the claims.Word "a" or "an" before element does not exclude the presence of multiple such Element.The present invention can be by means of including the hardware of some different elements and being come by means of properly programmed computer real It is existing.In if the unit claim of equipment for drying is listed, several in these devices can be by same hardware branch To embody.The use of word first, second, and third does not indicate that any order.These words can be explained and run after fame Claim.

So far, although those skilled in the art will appreciate that detailed herein have shown and described multiple showing for the present invention Example property embodiment, still, still can be direct according to present disclosure without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention It is determined that or derive many other variations or modifications for meeting the principle of the invention.Therefore, the scope of the present invention is understood that and recognized It is set to and covers other all these variations or modifications.

The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of communicators for indoor positioning of A1., including:

Locating wireless signal transmitter, is configured to that broadcast transmission positioning is wireless in localization region with fixed transmission power Signal, so that the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to the locating wireless signal determines position;

Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback instruction, the position feedback instruction is by the terminal to be positioned It is determined that generated behind its position, and the change running status of the electrical equipment for indicating to electrically connect with the communicator, So that the electrical equipment indicates the position of the communicator;

Instruction performs interface, is configured to assign to the electrical equipment and believes with the control of the position feedback instructions match Number.

A2. the communicator for indoor positioning according to A 1,

Also include:Memory, it is configured to store the identification code of the communicator, that is arranged in localization region is multiple described The identification code of communicator is arranged to different;

The locating wireless signal transmitter is configured to:Hair is broadcasted in the localization region with fixed transmission power Send the locating wireless signal with the identification code.

A3. the communicator for indoor positioning according to A2, wherein

The locating wireless signal transmitter is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.

A4. the communicator for indoor positioning according to A1, wherein

The command reception interface, is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive the indoor positioning clothes The position feedback for the coming from the terminal to be positioned instruction of business device forwarding.

A5. the communicator for indoor positioning according to A1, it is arranged in the light fixture in the localization region, institute State instruction and perform interface, be configured to electrically connect with the lamp dimmer of the light fixture.

A6. the communicator for indoor positioning according to A5, in addition to:

Supply unit, it is configured to power to the communicator;And

Photoelectricity conversion thin film, be arranged at the lampshade inwall of the light fixture, be configured to the luminous energy that sends the light fixture or Heat energy is converted to electric energy to be charged to the supply unit.

The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of light fixtures of B7., including:

Light source,

Locating wireless signal transmitter, is configured to that broadcast transmission positioning is wireless in localization region with fixed transmission power Signal, so that the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to the locating wireless signal determines position;

Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback instruction, the position feedback instruction is by the terminal to be positioned It is determined that generated behind its position, and for indicating that the light source is lighted in a manner of default, to indicate the light fixture Position;

Lamp dimmer, it is configured to instruct the luminance of control light source according to the position feedback.

B8. the light fixture according to B7,

Also include:Memory, it is configured to store the identification code of the light fixture, the multiple light fixtures arranged in localization region Identification code be arranged to different;

The locating wireless signal transmitter is configured to:Hair is broadcasted in the localization region with fixed transmission power Send the locating wireless signal with the identification code.

B9. the light fixture according to B8, wherein

The locating wireless signal transmitter is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.

B10. the light fixture according to B7, wherein

The command reception interface, is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive the indoor positioning clothes The position feedback for the coming from the terminal to be positioned instruction of business device forwarding.

B11. the light fixture according to B7, in addition to:

Photoelectricity conversion thin film, be arranged at the lampshade inwall of the light fixture, be configured to the luminous energy that sends the light source or Heat energy is converted to electric energy with to the locating wireless signal transmitter, the command reception interface and the lamp dimmer Power supply.

The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of communication means for indoor positioning of C12., including:

With fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, so that terminal to be positioned is according to institute State the signal characteristic that locating wireless signal extracts and determine position;

Obtain the position feedback instruction that the terminal to be positioned generates after position is determined;

The control signal with the position feedback instructions match is assigned to electrical equipment, so that the electrical equipment indicates The position of the communicator.

C13. the method according to C12, wherein

Also include before broadcast transmission locating wireless signal in localization region with fixed transmission power:Obtain communication Identification code, the identification code for the multiple communicators arranged in localization region are arranged to different;The locating wireless signal band There is the identification code.

C14. the method according to C13, wherein, what the terminal to be positioned extracted according to the locating wireless signal Signal characteristic determines that position includes:

Receive the locating wireless signal;

The signal characteristic of the locating wireless signal is extracted, the signal characteristic includes the signal of the locating wireless signal Intensity and the identification code;

The signal characteristic is matched with the signal characteristic of diverse location in the localization region measured in advance, with It is determined that position corresponding to the signal characteristic matched.

C15. the method according to C14, wherein, by the signal characteristic with the localization region that in advance measures not Signal characteristic with position carries out matching and included:

The signal characteristic is uploaded to indoor positioning server, so that the indoor positioning server is by the end to be positioned The signal characteristic that end uploads is matched with the signal characteristic of diverse location in the localization region pre-saved.

C16. the method according to C12, wherein, generation position feedback instruction includes:

Obtain the target location chosen by user on the electronic map for describing the localization region;

Search the communicator nearest apart from the target location, position feedback of the generation for the communicator Instruction.

C17. the method according to C16, wherein, the position feedback instruction is configured to indicate that light source is sent out with predetermined manner Light.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of communicator for indoor positioning, including:
Locating wireless signal transmitter, be configured to fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission position wireless communication Number, so that the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to the locating wireless signal determines position;
Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback instruction, the position feedback instruction is by the terminal to be positioned true Generated behind its fixed position, and the electrical equipment for indicating to electrically connect with the communicator changes running status, so that The electrical equipment indicates the position of the communicator;
Instruction performs interface, is configured to assign the control signal with the position feedback instructions match to the electrical equipment.
2. the communicator according to claim 1 for indoor positioning,
Also include:Memory, it is configured to store the identification code of the communicator, the multiple communications arranged in localization region The identification code of device is arranged to different;
The locating wireless signal transmitter is configured to:With fixed transmission power in the localization region broadcast transmission band There is the locating wireless signal of the identification code.
3. the communicator according to claim 2 for indoor positioning, wherein
The locating wireless signal transmitter is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.
4. the communicator according to claim 1 for indoor positioning, wherein
The command reception interface, is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive the indoor positioning server The position feedback for the coming from the terminal to be positioned instruction of forwarding.
5. the communicator according to claim 1 for indoor positioning, it is arranged in the light fixture in the localization region, The instruction performs interface, is configured to electrically connect with the lamp dimmer of the light fixture.
6. the communicator according to claim 5 for indoor positioning, in addition to:
Supply unit, it is configured to power to the communicator;And
Photoelectricity conversion thin film, the lampshade inwall of the light fixture is arranged at, is configured to the luminous energy or heat energy for sending the light fixture Electric energy is converted to be charged to the supply unit.
7. a kind of light fixture, including:
Light source,
Locating wireless signal transmitter, be configured to fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission position wireless communication Number, so that the signal characteristic that terminal to be positioned extracts according to the locating wireless signal determines position;
Command reception interface, it is configured to receive position feedback instruction, the position feedback instruction is by the terminal to be positioned true Generated behind its fixed position, and for indicating that the light source is lighted in a manner of default, to indicate the position of the light fixture;
Lamp dimmer, it is configured to instruct the luminance of control light source according to the position feedback.
8. light fixture according to claim 7,
Also include:Memory, it is configured to store the identification code of the light fixture, the mark for the multiple light fixtures arranged in localization region Know code and be arranged to different;
The locating wireless signal transmitter is configured to:With fixed transmission power in the localization region broadcast transmission band There is the locating wireless signal of the identification code.
9. light fixture according to claim 8, wherein
The locating wireless signal transmitter is low-power consumption bluetooth locating wireless signal transmitter.
10. light fixture according to claim 7, wherein
The command reception interface, is connected with indoor positioning server data, is configured to receive the indoor positioning server The position feedback for the coming from the terminal to be positioned instruction of forwarding.
11. light fixture according to claim 7, in addition to:
Photoelectricity conversion thin film, the lampshade inwall of the light fixture is arranged at, is configured to the luminous energy or heat energy for sending the light source Electric energy is converted to be powered to the locating wireless signal transmitter, the command reception interface and the lamp dimmer.
12. a kind of communication means for indoor positioning, including:
With fixed transmission power in localization region broadcast transmission locating wireless signal, so that terminal to be positioned is according to described fixed The signal characteristic that position wireless signal extracts determines position;
Obtain the position feedback instruction that the terminal to be positioned generates after position is determined;
The control signal with the position feedback instructions match is assigned to electrical equipment, so that the electrical equipment indicates communication The position of device.
13. the method according to claim 11, wherein
Also include before broadcast transmission locating wireless signal in localization region with fixed transmission power:Obtain communication identifier Yard, the identification code for the multiple communicators arranged in localization region is arranged to different;The locating wireless signal band is State identification code.
14. according to the method for claim 13, wherein, the terminal to be positioned extracts according to the locating wireless signal Signal characteristic determine that position includes:
Receive the locating wireless signal;
The signal characteristic of the locating wireless signal is extracted, the signal characteristic includes the signal intensity of the locating wireless signal And the identification code;
The signal characteristic is matched with the signal characteristic of diverse location in the localization region measured in advance, to determine Position corresponding to the signal characteristic matched.
15. according to the method for claim 14, wherein, by the signal characteristic with the localization region that in advance measures The signal characteristic of diverse location, which carries out matching, to be included:
The signal characteristic is uploaded to indoor positioning server, so that the indoor positioning server is by the terminal to be positioned The signal characteristic of biography is matched with the signal characteristic of diverse location in the localization region pre-saved.
16. according to the method for claim 12, wherein, generation position feedback instruction includes:
Obtain the target location chosen by user on the electronic map for describing the localization region;
The communicator nearest apart from the target location is searched, generation refers to for the position feedback of the communicator Order.
17. according to the method for claim 16, wherein, the position feedback instruction is configured to indicate that light source with predetermined manner It is luminous.
CN201410818574.XA 2014-12-24 2014-12-24 Communicator, communication means and light fixture for indoor positioning CN104602337B (en)

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