CN104594829A - Automatic derrick device suitable for double-wellhead pipe arrangement operation and method - Google Patents

Automatic derrick device suitable for double-wellhead pipe arrangement operation and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104594829A
CN104594829A CN201410729598.8A CN201410729598A CN104594829A CN 104594829 A CN104594829 A CN 104594829A CN 201410729598 A CN201410729598 A CN 201410729598A CN 104594829 A CN104594829 A CN 104594829A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
thribble
well head
coaster
telescopic arm
automatic
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410729598.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104594829B (en
Inventor
王耀华
栾苏
白丙建
叶强
王翠
Original Assignee
宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201410729598.8A priority Critical patent/CN104594829B/en
Publication of CN104594829A publication Critical patent/CN104594829A/en
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Publication of CN104594829B publication Critical patent/CN104594829B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/14Racks, ramps, troughs or bins, for holding the lengths of rod singly or connected; Handling between storage place and borehole
    • E21B19/15Racking of rods in horizontal position; Handling between horizontal and vertical position
    • E21B19/155Handling between horizontal and vertical position

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic derrick device suitable for double-wellhead pipe arrangement operation. The automatic derrick device comprises a pair of longitudinal rails. The longitudinal rails are each provided with a longitudinal moving pulley. A transverse rail is fixedly connected to the upper portions of the two longitudinal moving pulleys. The middle of the transverse rail is connected with a derrick of a drilling machine through a longitudinal driving hydraulic cylinder. A transverse moving pulley is mounted in the transverse rail. A slewing mechanism is mounted on the transverse moving pulley and is in transmission connection with a transverse driving motor. The lower end of the slewing mechanism is fixedly connected with the upper portion of an inclined arm. The lower portion of the inclined arm is hinged to an outer cylinder of a telescopic arm. A pair of gripping pliers is mounted at the lower end of an inner cylinder of the telescopic arm. The invention further discloses a method for stand arrangement through the automatic derrick device. The device and method meet the requirement of the double-wellhead drilling machine for simultaneously conducting stand establishing, tripping, casing running and other operation.

Description

A kind of automatic rigger and method being applicable to the operation of double-wellhead comb
Technical field
The invention belongs to oil drilling equipment technical field, relate to a kind of automatic rigger being applicable to the operation of double-wellhead comb, the invention still further relates to a kind of method utilizing this automatic rigger to carry out thribble discharge.
Background technology
Automatic rigger is the device for oil-well rig quadruple board platform thribble discharge operation, and current automatic rigger is only applicable to the operation of single pithead comb, and drill-pipe stand or drill collar thribble can only be sent in single well head, thribble platform district by back and forth.A kind of rigger automatically of now invention, the operation of double-wellhead comb can be applicable to, drill-pipe stand or drill collar thribble can be discharged into the optional position in thribble platform district from any one well head by it, also drill-pipe stand or drill collar thribble can be delivered to any one well head from thribble Tai Qu optional position, set up root to meet double-wellhead rig simultaneously, make a trip, the needs of the operation such as setting of casing.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of automatic rigger being applicable to the operation of double-wellhead comb, meet the needs of the operations such as double-wellhead rig is set up root simultaneously, made a trip, setting of casing.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method utilizing this automatic rigger to carry out thribble discharge.
The technical solution used in the present invention is,
Be applicable to an automatic rigger for double-wellhead comb operation, this automatic rigger's integral installation outside the open front of drilling derrick, and is positioned at the top of quadruple board platform,
Comprise a pair long rails be fixedly mounted on drilling derrick, a set of vertically move coaster at this to long rails is respectively arranged with, vertically move above coaster at two covers and be jointly fixedly connected with cross track; Be connected with drilling derrick by zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder at the middle part of cross track; In cross track, be provided with transverse shifting coaster, this transverse shifting coaster is provided with slew gear, slew gear and horizontal CD-ROM drive motor are in transmission connection; The lower end of slew gear is fixedly connected with the top of oblique arms, and the bottom of oblique arms is then hinged with the urceolus of telescopic arm, and in the urceolus of telescopic arm, slip cap is equipped with inner core, and the inner core lower end of telescopic arm is provided with gripper clamp.
Another technical scheme that the present invention adopts is,
Frame work carries out a method for thribble discharge, utilizes above-mentioned automatic rigger, specifically implements according to following steps,
Below by thribble being discharged into the optional position in thribble platform district from any one well head and thribble being delivered to any one well head two kinds of operating modes from thribble Tai Qu optional position and being described:
Operating mode one, work flow when thribble enters the optional position D in thribble platform district from a well head comprises: the gripper clamp of automatic rigger is transplanted on a well head place clamping thribble, telescopic arm puies forward thribble on retracting, oblique arms is closed up, now thribble is in A point position, slew gear turns clockwise 90 °, transverse shifting coaster slides to B point under the driving of horizontal CD-ROM drive motor on cross track, vertically move coaster to slide to C point at long rails under the effect of zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder and stop, oblique arms is launched to make thribble be in D point position, telescopic arm stretches out transfers thribble in thribble platform, gripper clamp unclamps, thus complete thribble from well head to the discharge of thribble platform,
Operating mode two, work flow when thribble is delivered to a well head from the optional position D in thribble platform district is the inverse process of above-mentioned operating mode one step.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the drill-pipe stand or the drill collar thribble that achieve double-wellhead rig are sent back and forth at any well head and thribble Tai Qu optional position, eliminate the transport operation of thribble in different thribble platform district, shorten the drilling well comb cycle, enhance productivity, reduce drilling cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the installation site elevational schematic view of the automatic rigger of the present invention at double-wellhead rig;
Fig. 2 is the duty floor map of the automatic rigger of the present invention in the operation of double-wellhead comb;
Fig. 3 is the automatic rigger's structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1. drilling derrick, 2. thribble, 3. quadruple board platform, 4. a well head, 5. No. two well heads, 6. thribble district, 7. automatic rigger, 8. gripper clamp, 9. telescopic arm, 10. oblique arms, 11. zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinders, 12. cross tracks, 13. horizontal CD-ROM drive motors, 14. electrohydraulic controlling mechanisms, 15. slew gears, 16. transverse shifting coasters, 17. long rails, 18. vertically move coaster.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Fig. 3, the structure of the automatic rigger of the present invention is, this automatic rigger 7 integral installation outside the open front of drilling derrick 1, and is positioned at the top of quadruple board platform 3,
Comprise a pair long rails 17 be fixedly mounted on drilling derrick 1, a set of vertically move coaster 18 (left and right long rails 17 having two cover movable blocks 18) at this to long rails 17 is respectively arranged with, vertically move above coaster 18 at two covers and be jointly fixedly connected with cross track 12; Be connected with drilling derrick 1 by zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder 11 at the middle part of cross track 12; In cross track 12, be provided with transverse shifting coaster 16, this transverse shifting coaster 16 is provided with slew gear 15, slew gear 15 and horizontal CD-ROM drive motor 13 are in transmission connection; The lower end of slew gear 15 is fixedly connected with the top of oblique arms 10, and the bottom of oblique arms 10 is then hinged with the urceolus of telescopic arm 9, and in the urceolus of telescopic arm 9, slip cap is equipped with inner core, and the inner core lower end of telescopic arm 9 is provided with gripper clamp 8.
Gripper clamp 8, zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder 11, horizontal CD-ROM drive motor 13 all with electrohydraulic controlling mechanism 14 control connection.
The major function of each parts of the automatic rigger of the present invention is: long rails 17 is installation foundation of whole automatic rigger, and the thribble load of automatic rigger's deadweight and clamping thereof is all delivered on drilling derrick 1 by it; Long rails 17, vertically move coaster 18 and zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder 11 makes automatic rigger have the ability vertically moved, single fluid cylinder promotes automatic rigger and vertically moves that structure is simple, can avoiding left and right two, to vertically move coaster 18 asynchronous; Cross track 12, transverse shifting coaster 16 and horizontal CD-ROM drive motor 13 make automatic rigger have the ability of transverse shifting, slew gear 15 makes automatic rigger have spinfunction, oblique arms 10 makes automatic rigger have exhibition arm function, the thribble that telescopic arm 9 enables automatic rigger clamp needs to carry out put-on and delegated according to operation, and gripper clamp 8 is for clamping drilling rod or the drill collar thribble of various outer diameter; Automatically each execution unit of rigger is all provided with sensor position signalling detecting element in addition, electrohydraulic controlling mechanism 14 can carry out PLC technology according to each signal to the running orbit of automatic rigger, spacing interlocking etc., enables the safe and efficient discharge thribble of automatic rigger.
The automatic rigger of the present invention carries out the method for thribble discharge, specifically implement according to following steps, below by thribble being discharged into the optional position in thribble platform district from any one well head and thribble being delivered to any one well head two kinds of operating modes from thribble Tai Qu optional position and being described:
Operating mode one, with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, work flow when thribble 2 enters the optional position D in thribble platform district 6 from a well head 4 comprises: the gripper clamp 8 of automatic rigger 7 is transplanted on a well head 4 place clamping thribble 2, telescopic arm 9 puies forward thribble on retracting, oblique arms 10 is closed up, now thribble is in A point position, slew gear 15 turns clockwise 90 °, transverse shifting coaster 16 slides to B point under the driving of horizontal CD-ROM drive motor 13 on cross track 12, vertically move coaster 18 to slide to C point at long rails 17 under the effect of zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder 11 and stop, oblique arms 10 is launched to make thribble be in D point position, telescopic arm 9 stretches out transfers in thribble 2 to thribble platform 6, gripper clamp 8 unclamps, thus complete thribble from well head to the discharge of thribble platform,
Operating mode two, with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, work flow when thribble is delivered to a well head 4 from the optional position D in thribble platform district 6 is the inverse process of above-mentioned steps, repeats no more.
In like manner, by thribble from No. two well heads 5 enter thribble platform district 6 optional position or be delivered to the operation process of No. two well heads 5 from the optional position in thribble platform district 6 and above-mentioned flow process similar, by that analogy.

Claims (3)

1. be applicable to an automatic rigger for double-wellhead comb operation, this automatic rigger (7) integral installation outside the open front of drilling derrick (1), and is positioned at the top of quadruple board platform (3), it is characterized in that:
Comprise a pair long rails (17) be fixedly mounted on drilling derrick (1), a set of vertically move coaster (18) at this to long rails (17) is respectively arranged with, vertically move coaster (18) top at two covers and be jointly fixedly connected with cross track (12); Be connected with drilling derrick (1) by zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder (11) at the middle part of cross track (12); Transverse shifting coaster (16) is installed in cross track (12), this transverse shifting coaster (16) is provided with slew gear (15), and slew gear (15) and horizontal CD-ROM drive motor (13) are in transmission connection; The lower end of slew gear (15) is fixedly connected with the top of oblique arms (10), the bottom of oblique arms (10) is then hinged with the urceolus of telescopic arm (9), in the urceolus of telescopic arm (9), slip cap is equipped with inner core, and the inner core lower end of telescopic arm (9) is provided with gripper clamp (8).
2. the automatic rigger being applicable to the operation of double-wellhead comb according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described gripper clamp (8), zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder (11), horizontal CD-ROM drive motor (13) all with electrohydraulic controlling mechanism 14 control connection.
3. frame work carries out a method for thribble discharge, it is characterized in that, utilizes the automatic rigger described in claim 1 and 2, specifically implements according to following steps,
Below by thribble being discharged into the optional position in thribble platform district from any one well head and thribble being delivered to any one well head two kinds of operating modes from thribble Tai Qu optional position and being described:
Operating mode one, work flow when thribble (2) enters the optional position D in thribble platform district (6) from a well head (4) comprises: the gripper clamp (8) of automatic rigger (7) is transplanted on well head (4) place clamping thribble (2), telescopic arm (9) puies forward thribble on retracting, oblique arms (10) is closed up, now thribble is in A point position, slew gear (15) turns clockwise 90 °, transverse shifting coaster (16) slides to B point under the driving of horizontal CD-ROM drive motor (13) on cross track (12), vertically move coaster (18) to slide to C point at long rails (17) under the effect of zigzag tread patterns fluid cylinder (11) and stop, oblique arms (10) is launched to make thribble be in D point position, telescopic arm (9) stretches out transfers thribble (2) in thribble platform (6), gripper clamp (8) unclamps, thus complete thribble from well head to the discharge of thribble platform,
Operating mode two, work flow when thribble is delivered to No. a well head (4) from the optional position D in thribble platform district (6) is the inverse process of above-mentioned operating mode one step.
CN201410729598.8A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 A kind of automatic rigger being applicable to double-wellhead comb operation and method CN104594829B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410729598.8A CN104594829B (en) 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 A kind of automatic rigger being applicable to double-wellhead comb operation and method

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105332662A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-02-17 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Processing device for racking platform three-joint unit and control system of processing device
CN105370226A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-02 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Petroleum drilling and production equipment, drilling table surface manipulator and pipe column support mechanism
CN105401896A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-16 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Petroleum drilling and production device, drilling stand face mechanical arm and pulley mechanism
CN105401897A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-16 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Petroleum drill and exploitation equipment, drill floor face mechanical hand and mechanical arm
CN105422022A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-23 四川中曼电气工程技术有限公司 Automatic tube distributing device of petroleum drilling machine
CN105604505A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-05-25 西南石油大学 Bridge thribble pipe racking device and pipe racking method
CN106194067A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-07 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Off-line sets up root device
CN106593324A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-26 东营瑞奥工贸有限责任公司 Tube-arraying robot for racking platform of petroleum well drill and method
CN106761437A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 兰州兰石集团有限公司 Offshore drilling platform open front double-wellhead derrick
CN110725655A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-01-24 中国海洋石油集团有限公司 Drilling pipe processing workstation

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CN102383744A (en) * 2010-08-28 2012-03-21 烟台杰瑞石油装备技术有限公司 Pipe arranging device for headframe
CN102720446A (en) * 2012-06-12 2012-10-10 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Automatic derrick monkey of drilling machine
CN203742487U (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-07-30 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Automatic derrick monkey walking device

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AU7790894A (en) * 1993-10-08 1995-05-04 Weatherford/Lamb Inc. Positioning apparatus for a power tong
CN201972633U (en) * 2010-08-20 2011-09-14 中国石油大学(北京) Three-coordinate drill pipe automatic setting device
CN102383744A (en) * 2010-08-28 2012-03-21 烟台杰瑞石油装备技术有限公司 Pipe arranging device for headframe
CN102174879A (en) * 2011-03-21 2011-09-07 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Kelly board tubular column arrangement system and operation method thereof
CN102720446A (en) * 2012-06-12 2012-10-10 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Automatic derrick monkey of drilling machine
CN203742487U (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-07-30 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Automatic derrick monkey walking device

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105332662A (en) * 2015-08-27 2016-02-17 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 Processing device for racking platform three-joint unit and control system of processing device
CN105401897B (en) * 2015-11-02 2017-12-08 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Oil drilling and extracting equipment, drilling floor surface manipulator and mechanical arm
CN105401896A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-16 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Petroleum drilling and production device, drilling stand face mechanical arm and pulley mechanism
CN105401897A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-16 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Petroleum drill and exploitation equipment, drill floor face mechanical hand and mechanical arm
CN105401896B (en) * 2015-11-02 2017-12-08 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Oil drilling and extracting equipment, drilling floor surface manipulator and pulley mechanism
CN105370226A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-02 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Petroleum drilling and production equipment, drilling table surface manipulator and pipe column support mechanism
CN105370226B (en) * 2015-11-02 2017-12-08 湖南三一石油科技有限公司 Oil drilling and extracting equipment, drilling floor surface manipulator and tubing string help mechanism
CN105422022A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-23 四川中曼电气工程技术有限公司 Automatic tube distributing device of petroleum drilling machine
CN105604505A (en) * 2016-01-05 2016-05-25 西南石油大学 Bridge thribble pipe racking device and pipe racking method
CN105604505B (en) * 2016-01-05 2017-12-12 西南石油大学 A kind of bridge thribble pipe racking device and comb method
CN106194067A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-07 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 Off-line sets up root device
CN106593324A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-04-26 东营瑞奥工贸有限责任公司 Tube-arraying robot for racking platform of petroleum well drill and method
CN106593324B (en) * 2016-11-25 2018-01-09 山东瑞奥智能设备有限责任公司 Oil drilling machine quadruple board platform pipe arranging robot and method
CN106761437A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 兰州兰石集团有限公司 Offshore drilling platform open front double-wellhead derrick
CN110725655A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-01-24 中国海洋石油集团有限公司 Drilling pipe processing workstation

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Effective date of registration: 20210113

Address after: 721002 No.2 Dongfeng Road, Jintai District, Baoji City, Shaanxi Province

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Patentee after: CHINA NATIONAL PETROLEUM Corp.

Patentee after: CNPC national oil and gas drilling equipment Engineering Technology Research Center Co., Ltd

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Patentee before: Baoji Oilfield Machinery Co.,Ltd.

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