CN104594543B - Phase-change energy-storage brick and application thereof - Google Patents

Phase-change energy-storage brick and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104594543B
CN104594543B CN201410734519.2A CN201410734519A CN104594543B CN 104594543 B CN104594543 B CN 104594543B CN 201410734519 A CN201410734519 A CN 201410734519A CN 104594543 B CN104594543 B CN 104594543B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
phase
hollow
sheaf
shape
lobe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410734519.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104594543A (en
Inventor
铁生年
柳馨
铁健
蒋自鹏
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青海大学
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Priority to CN201410734519.2A priority Critical patent/CN104594543B/en
Publication of CN104594543A publication Critical patent/CN104594543A/en
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Publication of CN104594543B publication Critical patent/CN104594543B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

A disclosed phase-change energy-storage brick comprises a hollow main body frame and a phase-change energy-storage material packed in the hollow main body frame; the hollow main body frame comprises multiple laminated square structural layers, and each structural layer is provided with a hollow groove; the square structural layer at the bottom layer is provided with an opened clamping groove, and the square structural layer at the top layer is provided with a square boss, and the boss is provided with a hollow groove; the phase-change energy-storage material is packed in each hollow groove of the hollow main body frame; and the boss is matched with the clamping groove structure, so that multiple phase-change energy-storage bricks can be spliced with each other. The invention also discloses application of the phase-change energy-storage brick to build greenhouses.

Description

A kind of phase-change accumulation energy brick and its application

Technical field

The present invention relates to building material field, and in particular to a kind of for the phase-change accumulation energy brick of construction wall and its in building Application in warmhouse booth.

Background technology

Existing warmhouse booth is all that, with rear wall, side wall, rear drape plate etc. composition, body of wall is mainly built into by brick, main Function is wanted to be Radix Saposhnikoviae, insulation, but its high insulating efficiency is very low.Common warmhouse booth at cold temperature, temperature increase rate It is not very big, especially in the north, greatly, the heat insulation effect of warmhouse booth has much room for improvement day and night temperature.Another kind of warmhouse booth is Temperature control warmhouse booth, it mainly utilizes single-chip microcomputer, thermocouple etc. attemperating unit and heater to enter trip temperature to warmhouse booth Control, but it is due to signal transmission complexity, it is easily by environmental disturbances and relatively costly.

The content of the invention

In view of this, the invention provides a kind of phase-change accumulation energy brick, the phase-change accumulation energy brick is used for construction wall, for example for The body of wall of building warmhouse booth, the temperature in warmhouse booth is improved by the phase transition process of phase-change material.

In order to reach above-mentioned goal of the invention, following technical scheme is present invention employs:

A kind of phase-change accumulation energy brick, wherein, including hollow body framework and the phase transformation that is filled in the hollow body framework Energy storage material, the hollow body framework includes multilamellar side's shape structure sheaf that lamination is arranged, and is provided with each structure sheaf Heart groove;Wherein, an open notch is provided with the square shape structure sheaf of bottom, on the square shape structure sheaf of top layer one is provided with The lobe of square shape, in the lobe groove is provided with;The phase-changing energy storage material is filled in the hollow body framework In each groove;The lobe can be adapted with the notch, so that multiple phase-change accumulation energy bricks can mutually splice.

Preferably, the phase-change accumulation energy brick building when towards sunlight surface be also coated with a floor height molecule antioxidation gather Luminescent material.

Preferably, the material of the hollow body framework is metal material or nonmetallic materials.

Preferably, the metal material is rustless steel, copper or aluminium alloy.

Preferably, the nonmetallic materials are PVC material or ceramic material.

Preferably, the phase-change accumulation energy brick a length of 200~400mm, a width of 90~200mm, a height of 120~300mm.

Preferably, the height of the notch is 20~40mm, and width is 30~70mm;The height of the lobe and Width is slightly less than the corresponding size of the notch, so that the lobe can be adapted with the notch.

Preferably, the height of each party shape side shape structure sheaf is 20~40mm, the groove in square shape structure sheaf Highly it is 10~30mm.

The invention provides application of the phase-change accumulation energy brick in building warmhouse booth as mentioned above.

Beneficial effect:

Phase-change accumulation energy brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention, phase-change material can carry out suction and put in phase transition process to surrounding Heat, about 20~35 DEG C of its transition temperature range, thus, the phase-change material in designed storage phase transformation brick is easy to phase Change process.When ambient temperature is high, phase-change material is melted by absorbing heat, and when ambient temperature is low, it passes through exothermic crystallization, application When the body of wall of warmhouse booth is built, it is possible to improve the temperature change of warmhouse booth.The phase-change accumulation energy brick is in top and bottom The lobe and notch being mutually adapted is respectively arranged with, adjacent phase-change accumulation energy brick engaging stacking is easy to building.Thus, The phase-change accumulation energy brick can both meet the building intensity requirement of warmhouse booth, and the construction material used by warmhouse booth can be substituted again And improve the temperature in warmhouse booth.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the sectional axonometric drawing before filling phase-changing energy storage material of phase-change accumulation energy brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the side cutaway view before filling phase-changing energy storage material of phase-change accumulation energy brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the side cutaway view after filling phase-changing energy storage material of phase-change accumulation energy brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

In order that the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage become more apparent, implement below in conjunction with accompanying drawing The present invention will be further described for example.

Refering to Fig. 1-3, a kind of phase-change accumulation energy brick that the present embodiment is provided, including hollow body framework 1 and it is filled in this Phase-changing energy storage material 2 in hollow body framework 1, the hollow body framework 1 includes multilamellar side's shape structure sheaf that lamination is arranged 11 (as shown in the drawings, the present embodiment includes 6 layers of square shape structure sheaf 11), it is provided with each party's shape structure sheaf 11 Heart groove 12.Wherein, an open notch 3, the square shape structure sheaf 11b of top layer are provided with the square shape structure sheaf 11a of bottom On be provided with the lobe 4 of side's shape, groove 12 is also equipped with the lobe 4.Phase-changing energy storage material 2 is filled in hollow Each groove 12 in main body frame 1.Further, lobe 4 can be adapted with notch 3, so that multiple phase transformations storage Energy brick can mutually splice.

Wherein, the phase-change accumulation energy brick is also coated with a floor height molecule antioxidation optically focused material in building towards the surface of sunlight Material.

Wherein, the material of hollow body framework 1 can be selected as metal material or nonmetallic materials.Specifically, selection is worked as For metal material when, it can be rustless steel, copper or aluminium alloy;When choosing is selected as nonmetallic materials, its can be PVC material or Ceramic material.

Wherein, the scope that the phase-change accumulation energy brick length can be selected is 200~400mm, the wide scope that can select is 90~ 200mm, the scope that height can be selected is 120~300mm.

Wherein, the scope that the height of notch 3 can be selected is 20~40mm, the scope that width can be selected is 30~ 70mm.The height and width of lobe 4 is slightly less than the corresponding size of notch 3, so that lobe 4 can be with the phase of notch 3 Adaptation.

Wherein, the scope that the height of each party shape side shape structure sheaf 11 can be selected is 20~40mm, correspondingly, positioned at side The scope that the height of the groove 12 in shape structure sheaf 11 can be selected is 10~30mm.Such as in accompanying drawing, the sky in the present embodiment Heart groove 12 is rectangle structure, and in some other embodiments, groove 12 can also be other shape and structures, for example may be used Being the structure of rhombus shape.

When using above-mentioned phase-change accumulation energy brick building warmhouse booth, it is mainly used in building greenhouse wall and greenhouse is big Various columns in canopy, alternative conventional brick.In actually building, being adapted with notch using lobe makes multiple phases Become energy storage brick mutually to splice, obtain the body of wall with setting height and column.Such advantage is the temperature for improving warmhouse booth Degree, is conducive to the growth of crops, improves crop yield, while which reducing the use of construction material, reduces cost is improved Actual production efficiency, increases income.

In sum, phase-change accumulation energy brick provided in an embodiment of the present invention, phase-change material can be to surrounding in phase transition process Suction heat release is carried out, about 20~35 DEG C of its transition temperature range, thus, the phase-change material in designed storage phase transformation brick holds very much Easily undergo phase transition process.When ambient temperature is high, phase-change material is melted by absorbing heat, and when ambient temperature is low, it passes through heat release Crystallization, when being applied to build the body of wall of warmhouse booth, it is possible to improve the temperature change of warmhouse booth.The phase-change accumulation energy brick is on top Portion and bottom are respectively arranged with the lobe and notch being mutually adapted, and adjacent phase-change accumulation energy brick engaging stacking is easy to build Build.Thus, the phase-change accumulation energy brick can both meet the building intensity requirement of warmhouse booth, can substitute again used by warmhouse booth Construction material and improve the temperature in warmhouse booth.

The above is only the specific embodiment of the application, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, on the premise of without departing from the application principle, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as the protection domain of the application.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of phase-change accumulation energy brick, it is characterised in that including hollow body framework (1) and be filled in the hollow body framework (1) phase-changing energy storage material (2) in, multilamellar side's shape structure sheaf (11) that the hollow body framework (1) is arranged including lamination, often A groove (12) is provided with one side's shape structure sheaf (11);Wherein, it is provided with one in the square shape structure sheaf (11a) of bottom open Notch (3), the lobe (4) of side's shape is provided with the square shape structure sheaf (11b) of top layer, in the lobe (4) It is provided with groove (12);The phase-changing energy storage material (2) is filled in each groove in the hollow body framework (1) (12);The lobe (4) can be adapted with the notch (3), so that multiple phase-change accumulation energy bricks can mutually splice;It is described The height of notch (3) is 20~40mm, and width is 30~70mm;The height and width of the lobe (4) is slightly less than institute The corresponding size of notch (3) is stated, so that the lobe (4) can be adapted with the notch (3);Each party shape side The height of shape structure sheaf (11) is 20~40mm, the height of the groove (12) in square shape structure sheaf (11) is 10~ 30mm;
The phase transition temperature of the phase-changing energy storage material (2) is 20~35 DEG C;
The material of the hollow body framework (1) is nonmetallic materials, and the nonmetallic materials are PVC material or ceramic material;
The phase-change accumulation energy brick is also coated with a floor height molecule antioxidation light-concentrating material in building towards the surface of sunlight.
2. application of the phase-change accumulation energy brick as claimed in claim 1 in building warmhouse booth.
CN201410734519.2A 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Phase-change energy-storage brick and application thereof CN104594543B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410734519.2A CN104594543B (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Phase-change energy-storage brick and application thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410734519.2A CN104594543B (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Phase-change energy-storage brick and application thereof

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CN104594543A CN104594543A (en) 2015-05-06
CN104594543B true CN104594543B (en) 2017-05-03

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106247835A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-12-21 泉州市知产茂业工业设计有限公司 A kind of uniform warmer accumulation of energy brick that dispels the heat
CN110352754A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-10-22 东北石油大学 A kind of phase transition heat accumulation unit for greenhouse temperature control

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2439277A1 (en) * 1978-10-19 1980-05-16 Ind Regionale Batiment False ceiling of cellular brick tiles - uses tongue and groove tile joint with F-section tongued edge forming cavity for bar of inverted T=shaped hanger
CN1478971A (en) * 2003-07-18 2004-03-03 志 樊 Composite building board material capable of load bearing and its productioin method
CN2782809Y (en) * 2005-07-01 2006-05-24 王才德 Profile straight seam free thermo-insulating outer door concrete building block
CN2895593Y (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-05-02 王保民 Fire-retardant heat-insulation roof board
CN201107006Y (en) * 2007-09-28 2008-08-27 北京航空航天大学 Foam copper-phase-changing material accumulated energy element and temperature control device using the same
CN201362895Y (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-12-16 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 Heat-storage wall body for sunlight greenhouse
FR2946069A1 (en) * 2009-05-29 2010-12-03 Gregory Pourie Parallelepiped hollow construction block for assembling walls of building, has male part located at bottom part of tube, and upper female part formed at top part of tube and encased with male part of tube of superimposed block

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2439277A1 (en) * 1978-10-19 1980-05-16 Ind Regionale Batiment False ceiling of cellular brick tiles - uses tongue and groove tile joint with F-section tongued edge forming cavity for bar of inverted T=shaped hanger
CN1478971A (en) * 2003-07-18 2004-03-03 志 樊 Composite building board material capable of load bearing and its productioin method
CN2782809Y (en) * 2005-07-01 2006-05-24 王才德 Profile straight seam free thermo-insulating outer door concrete building block
CN2895593Y (en) * 2006-03-06 2007-05-02 王保民 Fire-retardant heat-insulation roof board
CN201107006Y (en) * 2007-09-28 2008-08-27 北京航空航天大学 Foam copper-phase-changing material accumulated energy element and temperature control device using the same
CN201362895Y (en) * 2008-12-18 2009-12-16 北京京鹏环球科技股份有限公司 Heat-storage wall body for sunlight greenhouse
FR2946069A1 (en) * 2009-05-29 2010-12-03 Gregory Pourie Parallelepiped hollow construction block for assembling walls of building, has male part located at bottom part of tube, and upper female part formed at top part of tube and encased with male part of tube of superimposed block

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