CN104594522B - A kind of prefabricated outer wall panel and its production method and assembling type outer wall system - Google Patents

A kind of prefabricated outer wall panel and its production method and assembling type outer wall system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104594522B
CN104594522B CN201410709382.5A CN201410709382A CN104594522B CN 104594522 B CN104594522 B CN 104594522B CN 201410709382 A CN201410709382 A CN 201410709382A CN 104594522 B CN104594522 B CN 104594522B
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layer
connector
concrete
panel
prefabricated
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CN201410709382.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104594522A (en
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曾成奇
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中民筑友有限公司
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Abstract

A kind of prefabricated outer wall panel and its production method and the assembling type outer wall system assembled by the Side fascia, prefabricated outer wall panel include outer decorative layer, adiabator layer, concrete structure sheaf and connector;Layer connects setting successively for the outer decorative layer, adiabator layer and concrete structure sheaf;The connector be fixed on outer decorative layer, through the adiabator layer and insertion be anchored in the concrete structure sheaf.The prefabricated outer wall panel with external decoration and insulation can be obtained after the completion of production, duration and labour is saved;The connector used has the advantages that shearing resistance is strong and heat-proof quality is good, is avoided that prefabricated outer wall panel has local heat bridge phenomenon;Simple production process, the pouring to vibrate of concrete structure sheaf will not pollute external decoration decorative layer.When this prefabricated outer wall panel is as out-hung panel, load contribution of the external wall system being thus assembled to form to building body is small, reduces the requirement to house foundation.

Description

A kind of prefabricated outer wall panel and its production method and assembling type outer wall system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the exterior wall technical field of assembled architecture, more particularly to a kind of prefabricated outer wall panel, its production Method and the assembling type outer wall system assembled by the prefabricated outer wall panel.
Background technology
The method that traditional construction uses cast-in-place concrete, the site operation of external wall system typically will be by branch The processes such as mould, cloth reinforcing bar, placing concrete, form removal, also to carry out afterwards external-wall exterior insulation layer construction, outer decorative layer construction and A series of cumbersome work such as interior decoration construction;This form of construction work cycle length, need that a large amount of manpowers, waste of material are serious, apply Work rubbish is more.
With the development of building industrialization, occur in that suitable for China on construction and the prefabricated outer wall panel of earthquake resistant code And external wall system.Such as sandwich heat insulation prefabricated Side fascia is a kind of more typical prefabricated outer wall panel, main including outer Side precast slab, heat-insulation layer, inner side precast slab and connector for connecting main each Rotating fields etc..It is this pre- The production method of Side fascia processed is generally:1st, prep stand mould, 2, placing embedded parts and reinforced mesh, 3, casting concrete and shake Smash, 4, place heat-insulation layer, 5, connector passes through to heat-insulation layer and lower-layer concrete, 6, it is overall vibrate, 7, place on heat-insulation layer Reinforced mesh and built-in fitting, 8, casting concrete, 9, vibrate, conserve, being stripped.
Above-mentioned sandwich heat preservation prefabricated outer wall panel sets heat-insulation layer between two layers of precast concrete wall panel, passes through connector Inside and outside two layer concrete and intermediate insulating layer are linked together, metal connecting piece can make Side fascia there is local heat bridge phenomenon; Wall is thick, can not be used in bay window and balcony etc., therefore building integral heat insulation effect is undesirable;In the winter time in extraneous severe cold room During heating, heat-insulation layer the larger temperature difference of concrete layer can form condensed water due to inside and outside, reduce insulation life;With the external world Adjacent concrete layer thickness is big, and thermal capacity is big, and comfortableness is not enough during for hot-summer and cold-winter area;During as out-hung panel, its Thickness is big, and cost is higher, and wallboard aggravates house foundation burden from great.Complex process when sandwich heat preservation Side fascia is produced is more Secondary vibrate easily makes the concrete layer poured for the first time occur crack;Using ceramic tile back-hand craft in outside during such as Side fascia production Tiling, it is easy to occur the accumulation of salt in the surface soil, pollutes exterior facing.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is necessary to there is local heat bridge for existing Side fascia, easily produce condensed water and production technology Complicated the problems such as, is there is provided a kind of prefabricated outer wall panel, while providing its production method and the assembling assembled by the prefabricated outer wall panel Formula external wall system.
A kind of prefabricated outer wall panel, including outer decorative layer, adiabator layer, concrete structure sheaf and connector;The outer decorative layer, Layer connects setting successively for adiabator layer and concrete structure sheaf;The connector is fixed on the outer decorative layer, through the thermal insulating material The bed of material and insertion be anchored in the concrete structure sheaf.
In wherein one embodiment, the connector includes male connection unit and female connection unit, and the public connection is single Member is fixed on the outer decorative layer and through the embedded concrete structure sheaf of the adiabator layer, female connection unit and institute State public connection unit matching merging and be anchored in the concrete structure sheaf.
In wherein one embodiment, the public connection unit is bolt, and its bolt cap is embedded in the external decoration from lateral surface Layer, key is through the embedded concrete structure sheaf of the outer decorative layer and adiabator layer, and key sets external screw thread, and the mother is even Order member includes the nut coordinated with the bolt thread.
In wherein one embodiment, the connector also includes stop nut, and the stop nut is arranged at described outer On the inside of decorative layer, and coordinate with the bolt thread and bolt is anchored on the outer decorative layer.
In wherein one embodiment, female connection unit is provided with anchoring ratchet.
In wherein one embodiment, one end that the connector is anchored in the concrete structure sheaf is provided with heat-insulating base, institute State heat-insulating base and coat the connector end.
In wherein one embodiment, be spaced apart viscous is provided between the outer decorative layer and the adiabator layer Caking, air space is formed between the outer decorative layer and the adiabator layer.
In wherein one embodiment, provided with the covering thermal insulating material between the outer decorative layer and the adiabator layer The aluminium foil of the bed of material.
In wherein one embodiment, the prefabricated outer wall panel is the bending plate for being provided with bay window or balcony.
Above-mentioned outer decorative layer is that fiber cement board, aluminium-plastic panel, wood-fiber board, aluminium sheet, ceramic plate and porcelain plate etc. can be using described Any one of the decorative material of connector connection.
Shear wall that prefabricated outer wall panel in the present invention can be used as building periphery, out-hung panel and in addition Other load-bearing or the Side fascia of non-bearing, the requirement of various wall board bodies is directed to according to code of building design, sets described prefabricated outer The thickness of each layer of wallboard.Under normal circumstances, the thickness of the outer decorative layer is 10-30mm, and the adiabator layer thickness is 40- 80mm, the concrete Laminate construction thickness is 60-300mm.Wherein shear wall refers to being primarily subjected to wind load in house or structures Or the wall of horizontal loading caused by geological process and vertical load;Out-hung panel refer to install on the body construction, rise go along with sb. to guard him, The non-bearing precast concrete external wall panel of decoration function.
A kind of production method of prefabricated outer wall panel, comprises the following steps:
Prep stand mould;
Finish coat on the outside of the adiabator layer and outer decorative layer for presetting connector, external decoration is laid to put towards platform mould surface Put;
Concrete structure sheaf is poured, framework of steel reinforcement is laid in insulation material layer surface, casting concrete forms cladding connector end The concrete structure sheaf in portion;
Maintenance, the demoulding, are made prefabricated outer wall panel.
In wherein one embodiment, the connector includes male connection unit and female connection unit, lays the company of presetting The adiabator layer and outer decorative layer detailed process of fitting be:
The preset public connection unit of outer decorative layer;
By adiabator layer paving in outer decorative layer, connector is set to run through adiabator layer;
Female connection unit is being assembled through the male connection unit end of adiabator layer.
A kind of assembling type outer wall system, splices assembling by the above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel of polylith and is formed successively.
Above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel, because outer layer uses outer decorative layer, and is fixed on outer decorative layer, through described with connector Adiabator layer and insertion be anchored in the concrete structure sheaf, after manufacture i.e. can obtain with external decoration and insulation precast facade Plate, the construction of heat-insulation layer and external decoration is carried out without the later stage, saves duration and labour;The connector used has shearing resistance strong The good advantage with heat-proof quality, can avoid prefabricated outer wall panel from there is local heat bridge phenomenon;Insulation is placed on the outside of concrete structure sheaf, can It is prevented effectively from the generation of condensed water;It is convenient to produce the prefabricated outer wall panel with bay window due to as its thinner thickness during out-hung panel. The heat-insulation layer and outer decorative layer of this prefabricated outer wall panel can be produced as composite board, therefore simple production process, concrete structure sheaf Pour to vibrate and will not pollute external decoration decorative layer.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of prefabricated outer wall panel in an embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of connector in an embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the production method schematic flow sheet of prefabricated outer wall panel in an embodiment;
External wall system and the connecting node of agent structure that Fig. 4 is assembled to form by prefabricated out-hung panel in an embodiment Schematic diagram, connector not shown in figure;
Fig. 5 is the vertical connecting node schematic diagram of precast shear wall in an embodiment, connector not shown in figure.
Embodiment
For the ease of understanding the present invention, the present invention is described more fully below with reference to relevant drawings.In accompanying drawing Give presently preferred embodiments of the present invention.But, the present invention can be realized in many different forms, however it is not limited to this paper institutes The embodiment of description.On the contrary, the purpose for providing these embodiments is to make the understanding to the disclosure more thorough Comprehensively.
It should be noted that unless otherwise defined, all of technologies and scientific terms used here by the article is with belonging to this hair The implication that bright those skilled in the art are generally understood that is identical.Term used in the description of the invention herein It is intended merely to describe the purpose of specific embodiment, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.Term as used herein " and/or " bag Include the arbitrary and all combination of one or more related Listed Items.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of prefabricated outer wall panel, including outer decorative layer 110, adiabator layer 120, the and of concrete structure sheaf 130 Connector 140;Layer connects setting successively for the outer decorative layer 110, adiabator layer 120 and concrete structure sheaf 130;The connector 140 be fixed on outer decorative layer 110, through the adiabator layer 120 and insertion be anchored in the concrete structure sheaf 130.
Above-mentioned outer decorative layer 110 is made of fiber cement board, fiber cement board be one kind using cement as stock, And natural fiber and auxiliary material are equipped with, it is molded by certain production technology, what the special technique processing such as pressurization, steam-cured was made builds Build material.Using exterior wall backplate of the fiber cement board as Side fascia, with fire-proof insulation, waterproof and dampproof, heat-insulating sound-insulating, light weight The high advantage of intensity.In the present embodiment, fibre cement laminates 110 use fiber cement board well prepared in advance, its outside Face can accordingly be decorated according to architectural design, and it is standby to cut into suitable size according to the size of Side fascia.
Adiabator layer 120 can be prepared using light-weight foam class insulation material, can select the insulation material of organic or inorganic, As phenol formaldehyde foam or polyurethane material prepare adiabator layer.
Concrete structure sheaf 130 as this prefabricated outer wall panel main structure body, the surface cast-in-place concrete of adiabator layer 120 into Type, uses reinforced concrete more.Fiber cement board is A grades of incombustible materials, and phenolic foam material or polyurethane material have well exhausted Hot property and fire resistance.Therefore above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel not only has good decorative effect, also with preferable insulation with Fire protecting performance.
As shown in figure 1, because connector 140 is fixed on fibre cement laminates 110, through adiabator layer 120 and insertion Concrete structure sheaf 130 is anchored in, adiabator layer 120 is anchored on fibre cement laminates 110 and concrete structure sheaf by connector 140 Between 130;Fibre cement laminates 110 are close to the side of adiabator layer 120 by connector 140, with the shape of concrete structure sheaf 130 Into dot point connection, symmetrical four-point supporting or multi-point support can be taken according to the size of fiber cement board.This programme is made For non-bearing prefabricated out-hung panel when, the fibre cement laminates thickness is 10-20mm, and the adiabator layer thickness is 40-60mm, the concrete Laminate construction thickness is 60-80mm.Therefore it is prefabricated outer relative to sandwich heat preservation Side fascia of the prior art The integral thickness of wallboard is thin, saves construction material, and the load contribution to building body is small, reduces the requirement to house foundation. Because thickness of wall body is thin, can the hot bridge cut-off of plant produced the prefabricated outer wall panel with bay window.
As shown in figure 3, above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel, its production method comprises the following steps:
S110:Prep stand mould.Prepare the platform mould of dimension according to precast facade board size.
S120:The adiabator layer 120 of connector 140 and the composite bed of fibre cement laminates 110 are preset in laying.Its In, the outside finish coat of fibre cement laminates 110 is placed down towards platform mould surface, so that adiabator layer 120 is upward.
S130:Pour concrete structure sheaf 130.Framework of steel reinforcement is laid on the surface of adiabator layer 120, casting concrete is formed Coat the concrete structure sheaf 130 of the end of connector 140.Pouring as maturation process for reinforced concrete, repeats no more its detailed process here.
S140:Maintenance, the demoulding, are made prefabricated outer wall panel.
In wherein one embodiment, in step S120, by fibre cement laminates 110 and the preset company of adiabator layer 120 Fitting 140 formation composite bed detailed process can be:The small step-like or loudspeaker of outer imperial palace is opened up on fibre cement laminates 110 Shape through hole, the connector 140 matched with through hole can be passed through from the outside of fibre cement laminates 110, then by adiabator layer 120 pavings make connector 140 be attached at fibre cement laminates to it through adiabator layer 120 in fibre cement laminates 110 110 inner surfaces, make connector 140 pierce through adiabator layer 120 and stretch out.After the completion for the treatment of that concrete structure sheaf 130 is poured, fiber water Mud plate layer 110 is constrained by the through hole hole wall and can not deviate from connector 140, reaches the purpose being fastenedly connected.In some realities Apply in example, to keep the attractive in appearance of the exterior finish of fibre cement laminates 110, connector 140 is passed through after fibre cement laminates 110, will be for Filled and led up, can be carried out in the outside of fibre cement laminates 110 at unified decoration using mortar on the outside of the through hole that connector 140 is passed through Reason, and hydrophober is coated, rainwater on the one hand can be avoided to cause external decoration effect to change, on the other hand change its chargeding performance, Reduce dust adsorption.After the completion of fibre cement laminates 110 and adiabator layer 120 are assembled with connector 140, in fibre cement The outer side covers plastic film layers of flaggy 110, on the one hand can avoid the pollution to exterior finish in production and work progress, another Aspect is used as the separation layer with platform mould in production, it is possible to reduce the use of releasing agent, saves production process.
If produce the prefabricated outer wall panel with window opening or bay window, then in step S120, first window frame is placed in relevant position Or the mould of bay window and other built-in fittings, re-lay the adiabator layer 120 and fibre that preset connector 140 of corresponding size Tie up the composite bed of cement laminates 110.
Wherein, in step S140, during laying framework of steel reinforcement, should also bury in the lump is used for and adjacent Side fascia or and body junction Built-in fitting, the built-in hanger of lifting and the built-in fitting for temporary support of structure connection.
Using aforementioned production method, prepared precast facade body both can be flat board or bending plate, such as band The Side fascia of bay window.
The production method technique is simple, and required production equipment is few, high in machining efficiency, will not pollute finish coat, it is adaptable to this The large-scale plant Prefabrication of prefabricated outer wall panel.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are referred to, in wherein one embodiment, the connector 140 includes male connection unit 141 and mother Connection unit 142, the public connection unit 141 is fixed on the outer decorative layer 110 and embedding through the adiabator layer 120 Enter the concrete structure sheaf 130, female connection unit 142 merges with the male matching of connection unit 141 is anchored in the concrete knot Structure layer 130.Because in process of production, during laying adiabator layer 120, connector 140 need to pierce through adiabator layer 120, therefore And one end end diameter that connector 140 stretches into concrete structure sheaf 130 is unsuitable excessive, so as to pierce through smoothly, but end diameter is small The anchor force of connector 140 and concrete structure sheaf 130 is small, is unfavorable for the bulk strength of prefabricated outer wall panel.Therefore, the present embodiment is used The mode that female connection unit 142 is engaged with the male connection unit 141, after adiabator layer 120 is laid, pours concrete Before structure sheaf 130, female connection unit 142 is assembled in the male end of connection unit 141, to increase the end diameter of connector 140, from And increase the anchor force with concrete structure sheaf 130.It is, of course, understood that male being connected singly with described using female connection unit 142 Mode and non-guaranteed connector 140 and unique implementation of the anchoring strength of concrete structure sheaf 130 that member 141 is engaged, other In embodiment, connector 140 or integral type connecting rod, by rod member week along face set the mode such as coarse groove or hangnail come Improve the anchoring strength with concrete structure sheaf 130.
Please continue to refer to Fig. 2, in a further embodiment, female connection unit 142 is also provided with anchoring spine Pawl 1423.By setting anchoring ratchet 1423 in female connection unit 142, connector 140 and concrete structure sheaf 130 are further increased Anchoring strength.
The connector 140 is when by the way of male connection unit 141 and female connection unit 142 are engaged, precast facade In the production method of body, the adiabator layer 120 and fibre cement laminates 110 of connector 140 are preset in laying in step S120 The detailed process of composite bed can be:
The preset public connection unit 141 of outer decorative layer 110;
By the paving of adiabator layer 120 in outer decorative layer 110, connector is set to run through adiabator layer 120;
Female connection unit 142 is being assembled through the end of male connection unit 141 of adiabator layer 120.
Casting concrete in step S130, smashes and shakes, and forms the concrete knot of the male connection unit 141 of cladding and female connection unit 142 Structure layer 130.
Also referring to Fig. 2, in wherein one embodiment, the public connection unit 141 is bolt, and its bolt cap 1411 is outside Side is embedded in the outer decorative layer 110, and key 1412 is embedded described through the outer decorative layer 110 and adiabator layer 120 Concrete structure sheaf 130, key 1412 sets external screw thread (not shown), and female connection unit 142 includes and the key The nut 1421 that 1412 external screw thread coordinates.It is a kind of cooperation that easy to process, rigging error is small, efficiency of assembling is high that screw thread, which coordinates, Mode, male connection unit 141 and female connection unit 142 improve the production effect of prefabricated outer wall panel by the way of screw thread cooperation Rate, facilitates the repair and replacement of outer decorative layer 110 and adiabator layer 120, and the external screw thread that the public surface of connection unit 141 is set increases The big surface roughness of public connection unit 141, so as to improve the anchoring strength with concrete structure sheaf 130.Certainly, in other realities Apply in example, also male connection unit 141 and female connection unit 142 can also be realized using fit systems such as engaging, interference fits Assembling.
In wherein one embodiment, the connector 140 also includes stop nut 143, and the stop nut 143 is set In the inner side of outer decorative layer 110, and coordinate with the bolt thread and bolt is anchored on the outer decorative layer 110.So, In the step s 120, in 110 preset connector 140 of outer decorative layer, bolt is passed through after outer decorative layer 110, from outer decorative layer Stop nut 1421 is assembled on bolt and tightened by 110 inner sides, and the bolt cap 1411 by stop nut 1421 and bolt is common Effect, is anchored on outer decorative layer 110 by bolt, prevents in subsequent handling, and bolt loosens or de- from the through hole of outer decorative layer 110 Go out, improve production reliability.
In wherein one embodiment, the connector 140 be anchored in the concrete structure sheaf 130 one end be provided with it is heat-insulated Seat 1422, the heat-insulating base 1422 coats the end of connector 140.To ensure the intensity of connector 140, connector 140 can Prepared using metal material, but the thermal conductivity of metal material is good, is unfavorable for the hot bridge cut-off of prefabricated outer wall panel, so in connector 140 one end for being anchored in the concrete structure sheaf 130 set the heat-insulating base 1422 for being coated on the end of connector 140, to separate The heat transfer of indoor and outdoor side, realizes the purpose of the hot bridge cut-off of this prefabricated outer wall panel.
In one embodiment that connector 140 is threadedly coupled using male connection unit 141 and female connection unit 142, institute State heat-insulating base 1422 and be arranged at female connection unit 142, i other words, female connection unit 142 includes nut 1421 and heat-insulating base 1422.Nut 1421 can be prepared using the metal material matched with bolt, to ensure the bonding strength of screw bolt and nut 1421.Every Hot seat 1422 is coated on the periphery of nut 1421 and bottom, can have thermosetting and heat-insulating flame-retardant effect using phenolic resin material etc. Prepared by good material, so both ensure that bonding strength, and the effect of hot bridge cut-off is served again, and when occurring fire, can be effective Coming off for the outer decorative layer 110 that avoids connector melt-through and cause and adiabator layer 120, improves the security of Side fascia Energy.Further, described anchoring ratchet 1423 can also be formed at the surface of heat-insulating base 1422, play enhancing and concrete structure sheaf The effect of 130 anchoring strength.However, it is to be understood that in other embodiments, can also be opened up on heat-insulating base 1422 with The blind screw hole that bolt matches, i other words, female connection unit 142 is all prepared using the good material of heat-proof quality.
It is seamless between the outer decorative layer 110 and the adiabator layer 120 to be close in wherein one embodiment. I.e. in production stage S120, adiabator layer 120 is close to the back side of outer decorative layer 110.Between adjacent outer decorative layer 110 Sealed using waterproof adhesive tape.This prefabricated outer wall panel is applied to rainy southern area, it is to avoid rainwater infiltrates moderate soak material Layer 120, improves the service life of prefabricated outer wall panel.
In wherein one embodiment, gap is set between the outer decorative layer 110 and the adiabator layer 120.For The thickness of air space is controlled during convenient production, the adiabator layer 120 of preset connector 140 is made in production stage S120 It is first multiple with air space thickness identical cement in the back side laying of outer decorative layer 110 during with the composite bed of outer decorative layer 110 Mortar ash cake, then adiabator layer 120 is laid on to the back side of outer decorative layer 110, it is close to cement mortar cake;While connector 140 pierce through adiabator layers 120 and stretch out.Therefore the air between fiber cement board 110 and adiabator layer 120 can be with the external world Free air circulation.This prefabricated outer wall panel belongs to open external wall system, it is adaptable to the northern area of winter severe cold.Set Air space make it that adiabator layer 120 is unlikely to excessive with ambient temperature difference, is avoided that water evaporation is in insulation in winter room The outer surface of material layer 120 forms condensate, extends the service life of adiabator layer 120;In summer as thermal insulation layer, energy Effectively prevent that the external heat that outer decorative layer 110 constantly absorbs from transmitting to adiabator layer 120.
In wherein one embodiment, adiabator layer 120 pastes matcoveredn close to the one side of outer decorative layer 110, protects Sheath can prepare (not shown) using aluminium foil etc..Aluminium foil is waterproof light tight, and plasticity is good, can delay adiabator layer 120 aging, it is to avoid extraneous rainwater infiltrates adiabator layer 120.
When the prefabricated outer wall panel is as the shear wall for building periphery, the thickness of outer decorative layer 110 is 10-20mm, thermal insulating material The thickness of the bed of material 120 is 40-60mm, and the thickness of concrete structure sheaf 130 is 180-250mm.The region according to residing for building determines insulation material 120 thickness of layer, the thickness of concrete structure sheaf is determined according to Structure Calculation.The prefabricated outer wall panel as non-bearing out-hung panel When, the thickness of outer decorative layer 110 is 10-20mm, and the thickness of adiabator layer 120 is 30-60mm, and the thickness of concrete structure sheaf 130 is 60- 150mm。
A kind of assembling type outer wall system being made up of above-mentioned out-hung panel, is spliced successively by the above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel of polylith Assembling is formed.
Referring to Fig. 4, specifically, when above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel is as out-hung panel, in assembling process, with non-turn of layer Angle wall, after being spliced and alignd successively by prefabricated outer wall panel, passes through pre-buried overhanging anchor bar 160 and laminated floor slab 200 Cast-in-place structural connects to form entirety, so as to complete assembling.Wall at inner corner trim or external corner, then can use the side of the spacing docking of tongue and groove Formula is assembled, i.e. in the step S110 of production prefabricated outer wall panel, can make concrete structure sheaf 130 and other layers by the adjustment of platform mould Side end face it is not concordant and form step-like tongue and groove 170, form the tongue and groove 170 of two adjacent prefabricated outer wall panels of inner corner trim or external corner Match, it is spacing mutually by tongue and groove 170 in assembling, so as to complete assembling.Similarly, during the wall assembling of different layers, also may be used Assembled by the way of the spacing docking of tongue and groove, the tongue and groove of upper strata precast facade body lower end and lower floor's precast facade body upper end during assembling Tongue and groove 170 mutually spacing docking.At T and G joint, waterproof material is set according to corresponding industry codes and standards.
Above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel can also be connected as during out-hung panel using the dot point of flexible connection with main structure body, Such as it is connected by pre-buried bolt with main structure body.This assembling type outer wall system, thickness of thin, from heavy and light, in the absence of localized heat Bridge, the convenient maintenance and replacement for being conducive to building energy conservation, exterior trim surface layer and adiabator layer, and external decoration is carried after construction and installation Layer 110 and adiabator layer 120, save the subsequent construction cycle.
The assembling type outer wall system constituted when above-mentioned prefabricated outer wall panel is as shear wall, by polylith precast shear wall respectively with Adjacent prefabricated outer wall panel assembles to be formed successively.As shown in figure 5, specifically, precast shear wall includes exterior successively from outside to inside Adorn layer 110, air space 150, adiabator layer 120 and concrete structure sheaf 130.Levels precast shear wall passes through joint bar mode Connection, the indoor in interlayer gap uses high-strength mortar polishing, and the outside in interlayer gap uses marine glue caulking joint.Every layer prefabricated The tongue and groove 170 that shear wall is reserved by the top of concrete structure sheaf 130 is connected integral with the in-situ layer of laminated floor slab 200.This dress With formula precast shear wall system, the construction of external thermal insulation and exterior finish need not be carried out after construction again, in the absence of local heat bridge, is conducive to Building energy conservation, the convenient maintenance and replacement of exterior trim surface layer.Because being located at the thickness of thin of outer decorative layer 110 in outside, thermal capacity is small, high temperature day The radiations heat energy that the external world is absorbed during gas is few, and heat exchange is fast;And the concrete Laminate construction thickness on the inside of building is big, thermal capacity is big, heat exchange Therefore comfortable for living is good slowly,.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and it describes more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for one of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of prefabricated outer wall panel, it is characterised in that including outer decorative layer, adiabator layer, concrete structure sheaf and connector;It is described Layer connects setting successively for outer decorative layer, adiabator layer and concrete structure sheaf;The outer decorative layer is fiber cement board, the external decoration Layer offer in step-like or horn-like through hole, described connector one end matches with the through hole, the connector it is another The adiabator layer is pierced through in one end, and the connector is fixed on the outer decorative layer, through the adiabator layer and insertion The concrete structure sheaf is anchored in, so that the fibre cement laminates are constrained by the through hole hole wall and can not deviate from the connection Part, one end that the connector is anchored in the concrete structure sheaf is provided with heat-insulating base, and the heat-insulating base coats the connector end Portion outer;Wherein, the connector is preset in the outer decorative layer and the composite bed of adiabator layer formation, the exterior The thickness for adoring layer is 10~20 millimeters;The connector includes male connection unit and female connection unit, and the public connection unit is consolidated Due to the outer decorative layer and through the adiabator layer and the embedded concrete structure sheaf, female connection unit with it is described male Connection unit matching merging is anchored in the concrete structure sheaf;The public connection unit is bolt, and its bolt cap is embedded in institute from lateral surface Outer decorative layer is stated, key sets external screw thread through the embedded concrete structure sheaf of the outer decorative layer and adiabator layer, key, Female connection unit includes the nut coordinated with the bolt thread;The connector also includes stop nut, described locking Nut is arranged on the inside of the outer decorative layer, and coordinates with the bolt thread and the bolt is anchored on into the external decoration Layer.
2. prefabricated outer wall panel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that female connection unit is provided with anchoring ratchet.
3. prefabricated outer wall panel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the outer decorative layer and the adiabator layer it Between be provided with the coherent mass being spaced apart, be formed with air space between the outer decorative layer and the adiabator layer.
4. the production method of a kind of prefabricated outer wall panel as described in claim 1-3 any one, it is characterised in that including as follows Step:
Prep stand mould;
The adiabator layer and outer decorative layer of connector are preset in laying, and outside finish coat is placed towards platform mould surface;
Concrete structure sheaf is poured, framework of steel reinforcement is laid in insulation material layer surface, casting concrete forms cladding connector end Concrete structure sheaf;
Maintenance, the demoulding, are made prefabricated outer wall panel.
5. the production method of prefabricated outer wall panel according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the connector includes public connect Unit is with female connection unit, and the adiabator layer and outer decorative layer detailed process that connector is preset in laying are:
The preset public connection unit of outer decorative layer;
By adiabator layer paving in outer decorative layer, connector is set to run through adiabator layer;
Female connection unit is being assembled through the male connection unit end of adiabator layer.
6. a kind of assembling type outer wall system, it is characterised in that as precast facade of the polylith as described in claim 1-3 any one Plate splices assembling and formed successively.
CN201410709382.5A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of prefabricated outer wall panel and its production method and assembling type outer wall system CN104594522B (en)

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