CN104591598B - A kind of true mineral varnish and preparation method thereof, construction method - Google Patents

A kind of true mineral varnish and preparation method thereof, construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104591598B
CN104591598B CN201310529469.XA CN201310529469A CN104591598B CN 104591598 B CN104591598 B CN 104591598B CN 201310529469 A CN201310529469 A CN 201310529469A CN 104591598 B CN104591598 B CN 104591598B
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weight portions
weight
mineral varnish
true mineral
color
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CN104591598A (en
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王臻
魏红岩
秦东杰
邢净
郝志荣
阎佳林
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Dragon brand coating (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
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Beijing New Building Material Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of true mineral varnish, which includes the raw material components of following parts by weight:90 130 weight portion of water, 25 weight portion of hydroxyethyl cellulose, 25 weight portion of dispersant, 13 weight portion of wetting agent, 48 weight portion of defoamer, 23 weight portion of preservative, 100 150 weight portion of emulsion, 5 12 weight portion of coalescents, 13 weight portion of pH adjusting agent, 5 20 weight portion of antifreezing agent, color 400 900 weight portion of sand component, the color sand component include the close natural stone-powder of two or more color.Invention further provides the preparation method of above-mentioned true mineral varnish.Due to adopting above technical scheme, the embodiment of the present invention is by the close natural stone-powder of mixture color in the feed, the aberration of various natural stone-powders can be balanced, even if there is a kind of color of natural stone-powder that the change of some occurs, under the close natural stone-powder phase contrast of other colors, the aberration of the true mineral varnish product between each batch is very little, controls the chromatic aberration of true mineral varnish product well.

Description

A kind of true mineral varnish and preparation method thereof, construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building coating, particularly a kind of true mineral varnish and preparation method thereof, construction method.
Background technology
True mineral varnish is mainly made up of high molecular polymer, natural color stone sand and related auxiliaries, as hard as flint after dry and hard solidification, Look like natural real stone the same.The application of true mineral varnish widely, and has hardness high, and good weatherability also has anti- Fire, acid and alkali-resistance, anti-pollution, nontoxic, tasteless the features such as.Compared with lithotome, with good decorating effect, low engineering cost and apply The advantages of work is simple, while the position that true mineral varnish can also can not be constructed in a lot of stone materials is constructed(Cylinder, turning position are such as built Deng), will not leave behind and connect stubble seam, make building integrally have more stylishness, beautiful feeling.
In the prior art, true mineral varnish is a kind of by shades of colour, the natural colour sand of grain composition, with emulsion as base material, And it is aided with high simulative stone substrate coating obtained in various auxiliary agents.However, often there are following defects in existing true mineral varnish:
First, natural colour sand is derived from lithotome, and through crushing, grinding, screening is obtained, it is difficult to control raw material(Natural Color sand)Color, it is impossible to ensure the coloured silk sand consistency of colour per batch, between raw material batch, more or less can all there is difference Different, if not adjusting formula between every batch is produced, true mineral varnish product will occur very big aberration between different batches, and then In work progress, there is very big aberration in true mineral varnish metope, causes accident resulting from poor quality of projects.
Secondly, under normal construction environment, existing true mineral varnish drying is too fast, and generally 2 hours drying time, body of wall is upper and lower There is certain time interval in construction, especially higher skyscraper, and between the construction of high-rise body of wall and low layer body of wall, the phase exceedes Two hours, body of wall are easy to upper and lower color disunity occur or there is larger aberration, and are difficult to once there is aberration Repair, cause accident resulting from poor quality of projects and huge economic loss.
Existing true mineral varnish stain resistant is poor, and after true mineral varnish spraying, coating surface concave-convex surface is easily infected with dust, product Tired spot, and not easy to clean.
Further, since true mineral varnish drying is too fast, in the true mineral varnish wall construction of brick, easily there is difficulty and tear U.S. stricture of vagina paper, or even Tear situation about not coming;Drying, when constructing under the mal-condition of high temperature, strong wind, true mineral varnish dries very fast, it is easy to occur out Situations such as splitting, come off, therefore existing true mineral varnish be unsuitable for drying, high temperature, the construction of the adverse circumstances of strong wind.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to be the natural colour sand per batch of the prior art it is difficult to ensure that face Color concordance, and then cause true mineral varnish product not occurring very big aberration between batch, and as body of wall is constructed up and down between Phase is long, causes body of wall to be easy to upper and lower color disunity occur or there is the defect of larger aberration.
Second technical problem to be solved by this invention be true mineral varnish of the prior art not stain resistant and Easily cracking when constructing under mal-condition defect situations such as come off.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of true mineral varnish, which includes following parts by weight Raw material components:Water 90-130 weight portions, hydroxyethyl cellulose 2-5 weight portions, dispersant 2-5 weight portions, wetting agent 1-3 weight Part, defoamer 4-8 weight portions, preservative 2-3 weight portions, emulsion 100-150 weight portion, coalescents 5-12 weight portions, pH are adjusted Section agent 1-3 weight portions, antifreezing agent 5-20 weight portions, color sand component 400-900 weight portion, the color sand component include two kinds or two Plant the close natural stone-powder of above color.
Preferably, the color sand component includes the close natural stone-powder of 2-6 kind colors.
Preferably, the granularity of the natural stone-powder includes 20-40 mesh, 40-80 mesh and/or 80-120 mesh.
Preferably, also include the titanium dioxide of the ground calcium carbonate and/or 0-1 weight portions of 0-100 weight portions.
Preferably, the emulsion be pure third, phenylpropyl alcohol, one or more in silicon third, the vitrification point of the emulsion is More than 30 DEG C.
Preferably, the emulsion is pure-acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion or silicone acrylic emulsion.
Preferably, also include 0-10 parts by weight of thickening agent.
Preferably, the thickening agent is hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxyethylmethyl-cellulose or ethylhydroxyethylcellulose.
Preferably, the wetting agent is non-ionic wetting agent.
Preferably, the dispersant is acrylic acid sodium salt or acrylic acid ammonium salt;The defoamer is mineral oilses or organic Silicon class;The preservative is BIT(BIT)Or CMIT/2- first Base -4- isothiazoline -3- ketone(CMIT/MIT);The coalescents be 2,2,4- trimethyl -1,3- pentanediol mono isobutyrates Or lauryl alcohol ester;The pH adjusting agent is organic amine or sodium hydroxide.
Present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned true mineral varnish, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Weigh water 90-130 weight portions, hydroxyethyl cellulose 2-5 weight portions, dispersant 2-5 weight portions, wetting agent 1-3 Weight portion, defoamer 3-5 weight portions, preservative 2-3 weight portions obtain mixture after stirring;
(2)Weigh emulsion 100-150 part, coalescents 5-12 weight portions, pH adjusting agent 1-3 weight portion, antifreezing agent 5-20 Weight portion, the close natural stone-powder 400-900 weight portions of two or more color, defoamer 1-3 parts, and be added to described Step(1)In the mixture for obtaining, stir and obtain true mineral varnish.
Preferably, the step(2)Also include:By the emulsion, coalescents, pH adjusting agent, antifreezing agent, natural stone Powder and defoamer are added to the step(1)Before the mixture for obtaining, in the step(1)0- is added in the mixture for obtaining The ground calcium carbonate of 100 weight portions and/or the titanium dioxide of 0-1 weight portions, and high-speed stirred dispersion make the ground calcium carbonate and/ Or the fineness of titanium dioxide reaches less than 100 microns.
Preferably, the step(2)It is additionally included under stirring at low speed to the step(1)0- is added in the mixture for obtaining The thickening agent of 10 weight portions.
Present invention also provides a kind of construction method of true described above mineral varnish, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1)Base treatment
Surface attachments metope on are first removed, and big concavo-convex position is filled and led up with cement mortar, then polished flat, tiny Repaired with polyalcohol cement basis putty in crack, cavity;
2)Roller coat priming paint
On metope, roller coat is primed 1-2 time, waits drying;
3)Spray true mineral varnish
After the priming paint is dried, the line of ink marker, T-me stricture of vagina paper is drawn on primed surface;True mineral varnish 1-2 time is sprayed again, per between Every 24 hours, after spraying is finished, U.S. stricture of vagina paper is torn, clear up jointing;For the true mineral varnish of the spraying, the pressure of spray gun is 0.4Kg/ cm2-0.6Kg/cm2, nozzle diameter is 3cm 10cm, and the vertical dimension between nozzle and metope is 40-50cm;The speed of spray gun operation Spend for 1-3m/s;
4)Spraying or roller coat overlay coating
Spraying or roller coat overlay coating 1-2 time, for the spraying overlay coating, the pressure of spray gun is 4Kg/cm2-6Kg/ cm2, nozzle diameter is 2cm-3cm, and spray base is 50cm-60cm, and the speed of spray gun operation is 1-5m/s;For the roller coat cover Coating, coating weight are 0.15Kg/m2-0.20Kg/m2/ time.
Technical scheme compared to prior art, with advantages below:
(1)The true mineral varnish of the present invention includes the raw material components of following parts by weight:Water 90-130 parts, hydroxyethyl cellulose 2- 5 parts, dispersant 2-5 parts, wetting agent 1-3 parts, defoamer 4-8 parts, preservative 2-3 parts, emulsion 100-150 part, coalescents 5- 12 parts, pH adjusting agent 1-3 part, antifreezing agent 5-20 parts, color sand component 400-900 part, the color sand component include two kinds or two kinds The close natural stone-powder of above color.Due to adopting above technical scheme, the embodiment of the present invention is by mixture face in the feed The near natural stone-powder of form and aspect, can balance the aberration of various natural stone-powders, even if there is a kind of color of natural stone-powder to occur Change, under the close natural stone-powder phase contrast of other colors, the aberration of the true mineral varnish product between each batch is very little, well Control the chromatic aberration of true mineral varnish product.
Using the content proportioning of various auxiliary agents in above-mentioned formula, especially hydroxyethyl cellulose 2-5 parts, extend paint film Open hour so that true mineral varnish film has longer surface drying time, and under normal construction environment, surface drying time is 4- 6 hours, so it is not only easy to construct, saves material, and can ensure that wall color ensures concordance well, body of wall is up and down not Easily there is aberration problem, be particularly suited for the big hoarding construction of skyscraper.
Due to extending the drying time of true mineral varnish, be not in the situation of difficult U.S. stricture of vagina paper of tearing in construction period, while Also broken that existing true mineral varnish should not construction be restricted drying, under the adverse weather condition of high temperature, strong wind, even if severe Under the conditions of constructing situations such as true mineral varnish cracking occur, come off of be also not easy.
Simultaneously as wetting agent is added in above-mentioned formula, reduce the surface tension or interfacial tension of solid material, can make Solid material is more easy to be soaked in water, and solid material is scattered more preferable in water.
Additionally, it is almost nil to discharge pollutants in the true mineral varnish one side production process of the present invention, on the other hand, reduce Consumption to stone material, stone material consumption are only the 10% or so of sheet material, significantly reduce ambient pressure.
(2)The true mineral varnish of the present invention, using the natural stone-powder of the granularity and proportioning for differing, not only can improve construction True mineral varnish layer hardness afterwards, but also the aberration between various natural stone-powders can be further balanced, produce true mineral varnish between each batch The aberration of product further reduces.
(3)The true mineral varnish of the present invention, also includes the heavy carbonic acid of the titanium dioxide and/or 0-100 weight portions of 0-1 weight portions Calcium, as there is titanium dioxide extraordinary covering power, ground calcium carbonate there is the stronger transparency, therefore, it can by flexible Ground adjusts the consumption of titanium dioxide and ground calcium carbonate, and the covering power or transparency required for reaching true mineral varnish film, so as to help In the thickness for reducing true mineral varnish film in construction, thickness can be reduced to 2-3mm by 5mm, so as to reduce the materials of true mineral varnish, significantly Construction costs is reduced degree.
(4)The true mineral varnish of the present invention, due to using the higher emulsion of vitrification point(As DOW Chemical DC-420, guarantor stand Good BLJ-996HD, Ahmedabad richness RS-992 etc.)10-15 parts, strengthen paint film strength and the white property of water resistant, make dust and spot difficulty attached In in coating surface, even if there is attachment, under rainwash, can also keep clean, thus enhance the resistance to flaw of true mineral varnish Dirt.
In addition, the true mineral varnish of the present invention can adopt spraying or roller coat overlay coating on the true mineral varnish layer in construction Technical scheme, its overlay coating can play a part of facing protective layer, enhance the water proofing property of true mineral varnish, the white property of water resistant, resistance to Hou Xing, stain resistant, also improve the hardness and slickness on surface.Preferably, the overlay coating using high glass transition temperature, High-weatherability emulsion, not only can strengthen paint film strength, it is also possible to make finish layer surface unusual light, it is difficult to heap dust stratification Dirt, and easy cleaning, more can play a protective role to true mineral varnish layer in terms of the white property of water resistant and weatherability.
Specific embodiment
Hereinafter by way of example the present invention will be made further instructions, but following examples will be merely illustrative, and It is not used to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
(1)Water 100 weight portion, hydroxyethyl cellulose are first weighed(Model:HBR-250, across dragon, viscosity is for manufacturer Asia 30000CP, similarly hereinafter)4 weight portions, dispersant(Acrylic acid sodium salt, model:Fast easy, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)3 weight portions, profit Humectant(Non-ionic, model:X-405, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)3 weight portions, defoamer(Model:NXZ, manufacturer: Nuo Puke companies)4 weight portions, preservative(BIT(BIT), model:EG-CT, manufacturer:Ke Lai Benefactor department)Then hydroxyethyl cellulose, dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer and preservative are delayed under stirring at low speed by 2 weight portions Slowly it is added to the water, after stirring, obtains mixture.
(2)A kind of yellow standard specimen is selected, then according to the yellow natural stone-powder that two kinds of colors of standard specimen color selection are close, one Plant natural stone-powder yellow fraction 40-80 mesh, 200 weight portions, another kind of natural stone-powder Chrysan Yellow 80-120 mesh close with which, 450 weights Amount part, then weighs pure-acrylic emulsion again(Model:RS-706, manufacturer:Ahmedabad richness company, vitrification point is 30 DEG C)120 Weight portion, coalescents (model:Texanol, manufacturer:Yi Shi Man)12 weight portions, pH adjusting agent(Model:AMP- 95, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)2 weight portions, antifreezing agent(Model:Ethylene glycol, manufacturer:Yanshan Petrochemical)10 weight portions, disappear 1 weight portion of infusion, and emulsion, coalescents, pH adjusting agent, antifreezing agent, natural stone-powder and defoamer are added to step(1)? To mixture in, stir and obtain true mineral varnish A.
(3)Using the close yellow natural stone-powder of above two color, according to step(1)And step(2)The step of multiple The true mineral varnish of different batches is prepared, the aberration between its true mineral varnish and true mineral varnish A and between the true mineral varnish of different batches is very Little, the color that detects by an unaided eye is completely the same.
Embodiment 2
(1)Water 90 weight portion, hydroxyethyl cellulose are first weighed(Model:HBR-250, across dragon, viscosity is for manufacturer Asia 30000cp)2 weight portions, dispersant(Acrylic acid ammonium salt, model:Fast easy, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)5 weight portions, wetting agent (Non-ionic, model:PE-100, manufacturer:Extra large river science and technology)2 weight portions, defoamer(Model:NXZ, manufacturer:Nuo Pu Company of section)3 weight portions, preservative(BIT(BIT), model:EG-CT, manufacturer:Gram Lay benefactor Department)Then hydroxyethyl cellulose, dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer and preservative are slowly added under stirring at low speed by 3 weight portions Enter in water, after stirring, obtain mixture.
(2)Under high velocity agitation by 1 weight portion titanium dioxide(Model:Rutile-type, commercially available)Add step(1)Obtained is mixed In compound, as the fineness of titanium dioxide is smaller, surface energy is higher, it is not easy to scatter, it is therefore necessary to 10 points of high-speed stirred Clock, surveys the fineness of titanium dioxide, stops stirring when fineness is less than 100 microns, obtains the mixture containing titanium dioxide.
(3)A kind of white standard specimen is selected, three kinds of natural stone-powders is chosen according to standard specimen color then, specific data are shown in Table 1, Then pure-acrylic emulsion is weighed again(Model:RS-706, manufacturer:Ahmedabad richness company, vitrification point is 30 DEG C)150 weight Part, coalescents(Lauryl alcohol ester, neat big chemistry)10 weight portions, pH adjusting agent(AMP-95, Mykrolis Corp)1 weight portion, prevents Freeze agent(Ethylene glycol, Yanshan Petrochemical)20 weight portions, defoamer(NXZ, Nuo Puke company)3 weight portions, then by pure-acrylic emulsion, into Film auxiliary agent, pH adjusting agent, antifreezing agent, natural stone-powder and defoamer are added to step(2)In the mixture for obtaining, it is sufficiently stirred for Even obtain true mineral varnish B.
(4)Using 1 shown three kind of close natural stone-powder raw material of color of table, according to step(1)-(3)Repeatedly prepare different The true mineral varnish of batch, the aberration between its true mineral varnish and true mineral varnish B and between the true mineral varnish of different batches are very little, with the naked eye Observation color is completely the same.
Table 1
Natural stone-powder 1 2 3
Weight portion 200 350-400 40-60
Granularity(Mesh) 40-80 80-120 20-40
Model, source Snow Flower White Snow Flower White Snow Flower White
Embodiment 3
(1)Water 130 weight portion, hydroxyethyl cellulose are first weighed(Model:HBR-250, across dragon, viscosity is for manufacturer Asia 30000cp)5 weight portions, dispersant(Acrylic acid ammonium salt, model:Fast easy, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)2 weight portions, wetting agent (Non-ionic, model:X-405, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)1 weight portion, defoamer(Model:NXZ, manufacturer:Nuo Pu Company of section)3 weight portions, preservative(BIT(BIT), model:EG-CT, manufacturer:Gram Lay benefactor Department)Then hydroxyethyl cellulose, dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer and preservative are slowly added under stirring at low speed by 2 weight portions Enter in water, after stirring, obtain mixture.
(2)10 weight portion ground calcium carbonate are added step under high velocity agitation(1)In the mixture for obtaining, due to heavy The fineness of Calcium Carbonate is smaller, and surface energy is higher, it is not easy to scatter, it is therefore necessary to high-speed stirred 10 minutes, surveys heavy carbon The fineness of sour calcium, stops stirring when fineness is less than 100 microns, obtains the mixture containing ground calcium carbonate.
(3)A kind of Lycoperdon polymorphum Vitt standard specimen is selected, four kinds of natural stone-powders is chosen according to standard specimen color then, specific data are shown in Table 2, Then styrene-acrylic emulsion is weighed again(Vitrification point is 30 DEG C, model:RS-992, manufacturer:Ahmedabad richness company)100 weight Part, coalescents(Lauryl alcohol ester, neat big chemistry)5 weight portions, pH adjusting agent(AMP-95, Mykrolis Corp)3 weight portions, antifreeze Agent(Ethylene glycol, Yanshan Petrochemical)5 weight portions, defoamer(NXZ, Nuo Puke company)1 weight portion, thickening agent(SCT-275, Tao Shi Chemistry)1 weight portion.Then by styrene-acrylic emulsion, coalescents, pH adjusting agent, antifreezing agent, natural stone-powder, defoamer and thickening agent It is added to step(2)In the mixture for obtaining, stir and obtain true mineral varnish C.
(4)Using the close natural stone-powder raw material of four kinds of colors of the different batches shown in table 2, according to step(1)-(3) The true mineral varnish of different batches is repeatedly prepared, and the aberration between its true mineral varnish and true mineral varnish C and between the true mineral varnish of different batches is non- Often little, the color that detects by an unaided eye is completely the same.
Table 2
Natural stone-powder 1 2 3 4
Weight portion 50-100 100-200 200-300 50-80
Granularity(Mesh) 20-40 80-120 80-120 20-40
Model, source Gray jade Gray jade Steel gray Steel gray
Embodiment 4
(1)Water 120 weight portion, hydroxyethyl cellulose are first weighed(Model:HBR-250, across dragon, viscosity is for manufacturer Asia 30000cp)4 weight portions, dispersant(Acrylic acid ammonium salt, model:Fast easy, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)3 weight portions, wetting agent (Non-ionic, model:X-405, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)2 weight portions, defoamer(Model:NXZ, manufacturer:Nuo Pu Company of section)4 weight portions, preservative(BIT(BIT), model:EG-CT, manufacturer:Gram Lay benefactor Department)Then hydroxyethyl cellulose, dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer and preservative are slowly added under stirring at low speed by 2 weight portions Enter in water, after stirring, obtain mixture.
(2)50 weight portion ground calcium carbonate are added step under high velocity agitation(1)In the mixture for obtaining, high-speed stirred 10 minutes, the fineness of ground calcium carbonate is surveyed, stop stirring when fineness is less than 100 microns, obtained mixed containing ground calcium carbonate Compound.
(3)A kind of light yellow standard specimen is selected, the close natural stone-powder of six kinds of colors is chosen according to standard specimen color then, specifically Data be shown in Table 3;Silicone acrylic emulsion is weighed again(Vitrification point is 30 DEG C, model:BLJ-996HD, manufacturer:Bao Lijia is public Department)150 weight portions, coalescents(Lauryl alcohol ester, neat big chemistry)10 weight portions, pH adjusting agent(AMP-95, Mykrolis Corp)2 Weight portion, antifreezing agent(Ethylene glycol, Yanshan Petrochemical)10 weight portions, defoamer(NXZ, Nuo Puke company)1-3 parts, thickening agent (SCT-275, DOW Chemical)5 weight portions.Then by silicone acrylic emulsion, coalescents, pH adjusting agent, antifreezing agent, natural stone-powder, disappear Infusion and thickening agent are added to step(2)In the mixture for obtaining, stir and obtain true mineral varnish D.
(4)Using the close natural stone-powder raw material of six kinds of colors of the different batches shown in table 3, according to step(1)-(3) The true mineral varnish of different batches is repeatedly prepared, and the aberration between its true mineral varnish and true mineral varnish D and between the true mineral varnish of different batches is non- Often little, the color that detects by an unaided eye is completely the same.
Table 3
Natural stone-powder 1 2 3 4 5 6
Weight portion 50-100 150-200 100-150 20-30 80-100 80-100
Granularity(Mesh) 80-120 80-120 80-120 40-80 40-80 40-80
Model, source Snow Flower White Chrysan Yellow Yellow fraction Snow Flower White Chrysan Yellow Yellow fraction
Embodiment 5
(1)Water 90 weight portion, hydroxyethyl cellulose are first weighed(Model:HBR-250, across dragon, viscosity is for manufacturer Asia 30000cp)2 weight portions, dispersant(Acrylic acid ammonium salt, model:Fast easy, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)5 weight portions, wetting agent (Non-ionic, model:X-405, manufacturer:DOW Chemical)3 weight portions, defoamer(Model:NXZ, manufacturer:Nuo Pu Company of section)3 weight portions, preservative(BIT(BIT), model:EG-CT, manufacturer:Gram Lay benefactor Department)Then hydroxyethyl cellulose, dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer and preservative are slowly added under stirring at low speed by 2 weight portions Enter in water, after stirring, obtain mixture.
(2)A kind of bronzing standard specimen is selected, the close natural stone-powder of 5 kinds of colors is chosen according to standard specimen color then, specifically Data be shown in Table 4;Styrene-acrylic emulsion is weighed again(Vitrification point is 30 DEG C, model:RS-992, manufacturer:Ahmedabad richness company) 120 weight portions, coalescents(Lauryl alcohol ester, neat big chemistry)6 weight portions, pH adjusting agent(AMP-95, Mykrolis Corp)2 weight Part, antifreezing agent(Ethylene glycol, Yanshan Petrochemical)10 weight portions, defoamer(NXZ, Nuo Puke company)5 parts, thickening agent(SCT-275, DOW Chemical)5-10 weight portions.By styrene-acrylic emulsion, coalescents, pH adjusting agent, antifreezing agent, natural stone-powder, defoamer and thickening Agent is added to step(1)In the mixture for obtaining, stir and obtain true mineral varnish E.
(3)Using the close natural stone-powder raw material of six kinds of colors of the different batches shown in table 4, according to step(1)And step Suddenly(2)The true mineral varnish of different batches is repeatedly prepared, between its true mineral varnish and true mineral varnish E and between the true mineral varnish of different batches Aberration is very little, and the color that detects by an unaided eye is completely the same.
Table 4
Natural stone-powder 1 2 3 4 5 6
Weight portion 200-300 200-300 20-50 130-150 20-30 20-70
Granularity(Mesh) 40-80 80-120 180-200 80-120 40-80 20-40
Model, source Coffee is red Sanguis Gallus domesticus are red Chrysan Yellow Coffee is red China Dark Coffee is red
Embodiment 6
The execution conditions of the present embodiment:Interior, ambient temperature are 20 DEG C.
1)Base treatment
By the surface attachments on metope(Such as dust, releasing agent, greasy dirt)Remove totally, then again to big concavo-convex position Carry out filling and leading up with cement mortar, polish, if having tiny crack and cavity etc., usable polymers cement based putty is repaired.Base material The coating if surface is had been friends in the past, first root out loose, flake, crisp strong old coating, then again will adhesion firmly old coating beaten with sand paper Polish whole;If substrate surface has not water-fast coating, can be rooted out.
2)Roller coat priming paint
Prime in metope upper roller(Alkali-resistant primer)1-2 time, wait drying;
3)Spraying scratches true mineral varnish
After priming paint is dried, then the true mineral varnish A of embodiment 1 is sprayed, wait drying;For the true mineral varnish of spraying, the pressure of spray gun Power is 0.4-0.6Kg/cm2, nozzle diameter is 3cm-10cm, and spray base is 40-50cm, and the speed of spray gun operation is 1-3m/s;Right In the true mineral varnish of the spraying, coating weight is 3-5Kg/m2/ time.
In work progress, true mineral varnish A extends drying time, and the color that construction is caused largely is reduced or eliminated Difference, detects by an unaided eye, and the upper and lower color of body of wall is unified very much;And can also be easy to U.S. stricture of vagina paper tears it down, there is not U.S. The situation that stricture of vagina paper difficulty is torn, the drying time of true mineral varnish is 2-4 hours.
4)Spraying or roller coat overlay coating
After true mineral varnish is dried, then spray or roller coat overlay coating(High-weatherability overlay coating)1-2 time, for coating hood Coating materials, the pressure of spray gun is 4Kg/cm2, and spray base is 50-60cm, and the speed of spray gun operation is 1-5mm/s;For roller coat cover Coating, coating weight are 0.15-0.20Kg/m2/ time.
The true mineral varnish of the present embodiment contains the higher pure-acrylic emulsion of vitrification point, makes true mineral varnish metope that there is stain resistant, Dust and spot difficulty are attached in coating surface, even if being attached with dust, are rushed with water one and can also keep cleaning.
Embodiment 7
The execution conditions of the present embodiment:Ambient temperature is 35 DEG C or so, dry weather, and has strong wind.
1)Base treatment
By the surface attachments on metope(Such as dust, releasing agent, greasy dirt)Remove totally, then again to big concavo-convex position Carry out filling and leading up with cement mortar, polish, if having tiny crack and cavity etc., usable polymers cement based putty is repaired.Base material The coating if surface is had been friends in the past, first root out loose, flake, crisp strong old coating, then again will adhesion firmly old coating beaten with sand paper Polish whole;If substrate surface has not water-fast coating, can be rooted out.
2)Roller coat priming paint
Prime in metope upper roller(Alkali-resistant primer)2 times, the thickness of paint film is consistent.Waiting drying;For partition seam wind The construction of lattice, according to the requirement of Pattern Design, applies infiltration black backing varnish or black sand wall priming paint, so as to be formed on primed surface The required line of ink marker, then sealing label U.S. stricture of vagina paper again.
3)Spray true mineral varnish
After priming paint is dried, the true mineral varnish A for choosing embodiment 1 is sprayed, and can be sprayed 1-2 time as needed, is waited Dry;For true mineral varnish is sprayed, the pressure of spray gun is 0.4-0.6Kg/cm2, spray base is 40-50cm, and the speed of spray gun operation is 1-3mm/s;Consumption is 3-4Kg/m2/ time.After completing to spray true mineral varnish, U.S. stricture of vagina paper is torn, then clear up jointing, if on side Occur dipping phenomenon at seam, then described with the colored paint of priming paint same color.
In work progress, true mineral varnish A has been reduced or eliminated construction and has caused due to extending drying time, largely Aberration, detect by an unaided eye, the upper and lower color of body of wall is unified very much;And construct drying, under the mal-condition of high temperature, strong wind When, true mineral varnish is also without situation that is cracking, coming off, and can also be easy to U.S. stricture of vagina paper tears it down, and U.S. does not occur The situation that stricture of vagina paper difficulty is torn, the drying time of true mineral varnish is 2-3 hours.
4)Spraying or roller coat overlay coating
After true mineral varnish is dried, then spray or roller coat overlay coating(High-weatherability overlay coating)1-2 time, for coating hood Coating materials, the pressure of spray gun is 4Kg/cm2, spray base is 50-60cm, and the speed of spray gun operation is 1-5mm/s;For roller coat cover Coating, coating weight are 0.20Kg/m2/ time.
The true mineral varnish of the present embodiment contains the higher pure-acrylic emulsion of vitrification point, and overlay coating adopts high-vitrification temperature Degree, the emulsion of high-weatherability, further enhancing the stain resistant of true mineral varnish metope, and dust and spot difficulty are attached in paint film table Face, even if being attached with dust, is rushed with water one and can also keep cleaning.
Embodiment 8
The method of this enforcement is identical with the method for embodiment 7, and difference is:True mineral varnish B, C, D, E replace true mineral varnish A respectively As construction materials, so as to four kinds of untrue mineral varnish metopes are obtained.
In work progress, true mineral varnish film B, C, D, E extend drying time, are largely reduced or eliminated in construction During true mineral varnish film aberration, detect by an unaided eye, the upper and lower color of body of wall is unified very much;Drying, high temperature, strong wind severe Under the conditions of construct when, true mineral varnish does not have situation that is cracking, coming off, and can also be easy to U.S. stricture of vagina paper tears it down, and does not have The situation that U.S. stricture of vagina paper difficulty is torn is occurred, 2,4,3,4 hours is distinguished the drying time of true mineral varnish film.
As true mineral varnish B contains titanium dioxide, the covering power of true mineral varnish is improve, it is only necessary to spray the true mineral varnish films of 2mm, just may be used To be completely covered by priming paint, extraordinary covering effect is reached.
As true mineral varnish C and D contains ground calcium carbonate, the transparent effect of true mineral varnish is improve, it is only necessary to spray the true stones of 3mm Paint film, extraordinary transparent effect required for just can reaching.
Comparative example 1
This comparative example is identical with the method for embodiment 1, and difference is:Simply replaced with the natural stone-powder of solid color real Apply two kinds of natural stone-powders in example 1.
The true mineral varnish that different batches are repeatedly prepared using the natural stone-powder of solid color, the true mineral varnish which is prepared is at different batches There is very big aberration between secondary, detect by an unaided eye, the color of true mineral varnish has notable difference.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example is identical with the method for embodiment 2, and difference is:Simply replaced with the natural stone-powder of solid color real Apply three kinds of natural stone-powders in example 2.
The true mineral varnish that different batches are repeatedly prepared using the natural stone-powder of solid color, the true mineral varnish which is prepared is at different batches There is very big aberration between secondary, detect by an unaided eye, the color of true mineral varnish has notable difference.
Comparative example 3
This comparative example is identical with the method for embodiment 5, and difference is:Simply replaced with the natural stone-powder of solid color real Apply six kinds of natural stone-powders in example 5.
The true mineral varnish that different batches are repeatedly prepared using the natural stone-powder of solid color, the true mineral varnish which is prepared is at different batches There is very big aberration between secondary, detect by an unaided eye, the color of true mineral varnish has notable difference.
In sum, presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is these are only, is not intended to limit protection scope of the present invention, Therefore, all any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements that is made within the spirit and principles in the present invention etc., should be included in this Within bright protection domain.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of true mineral varnish, it is characterised in which includes the raw material components of following parts by weight:Water 90-130 weight portions, hydroxyl second Base cellulose 2-5 weight portions, dispersant 2-5 weight portions, wetting agent 1-3 weight portions, defoamer 4-8 weight portions, preservative 2-3 weights Amount part, emulsion 100-150 weight portion, coalescents 5-12 weight portions, pH adjusting agent 1-3 weight portion, antifreezing agent 5-20 weight portions, Color sand component 400-900 weight portion, the color sand component include the close natural stone-powder of two or more color.
2. true mineral varnish according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the color sand component includes the close day of 2-6 kind colors Right stone powder.
3. true mineral varnish according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the granularity of the natural stone-powder includes 20-40 Mesh, 40-80 mesh and/or 80-120 mesh.
4. true mineral varnish according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that also include the ground calcium carbonate of 0-100 weight portions And/or the titanium dioxide of 0-1 weight portions.
5. true mineral varnish according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the emulsion is pure-acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion and silicon One or more in acrylic emulsion, the vitrification point of the emulsion is more than 30 DEG C.
6. true mineral varnish according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the wetting agent is non-ionic wetting agent.
7. true mineral varnish according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the dispersant is acrylic acid sodium salt or acrylic acid Ammonium salt;The defoamer is mineral oilses or silicone;The preservative be BIT (BIT) or CMIT/MIT (CMIT/MIT);The coalescents are 2, 2,4- trimethyl -1,3- pentanediol mono isobutyrates or lauryl alcohol ester;The pH adjusting agent is organic amine or sodium hydroxide.
8. a kind of preparation method of the true mineral varnish according to any one in claim 1-3 or 5,6,7, it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps:
(1) water 90-130 weight portions, hydroxyethyl cellulose 2-5 weight portions, dispersant 2-5 weight portions, wetting agent 1-3 weight are weighed Part, defoamer 3-5 weight portions, preservative 2-3 weight portions obtain mixture after stirring;
(2) emulsion 100-150 part, coalescents 5-12 weight portions, pH adjusting agent 1-3 weight portion, antifreezing agent 5-20 weight are weighed Part, the close natural stone-powder 400-900 weight portions of two or more color, defoamer 1-3 parts, and it is added to the step (1), in the mixture for obtaining, stir and obtain true mineral varnish.
9. a kind of preparation method of true mineral varnish according to claim 4, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) water 90-130 weight portions, hydroxyethyl cellulose 2-5 weight portions, dispersant 2-5 weight portions, wetting agent 1-3 weight are weighed Part, defoamer 3-5 weight portions, preservative 2-3 weight portions obtain mixture after stirring;
(2) ground calcium carbonate and/or 0-1 weight portions of 0-100 weight portions are added in the mixture that the step (1) is obtained Titanium dioxide, and high-speed stirred dispersion makes the ground calcium carbonate and/or the fineness of titanium dioxide reach less than 100 microns;
(3) emulsion 100-150 part, coalescents 5-12 weight portions, pH adjusting agent 1-3 weight portion, antifreezing agent 5-20 weight are weighed Part, the close natural stone-powder 400-900 weight portions of two or more color, defoamer 1-3 parts, and it is added to the step (2), in the mixture for obtaining, stir and obtain true mineral varnish.
10. a kind of construction method of the true mineral varnish according to any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that including following step Suddenly:
1) base treatment
Surface attachments metope on are first removed, and big concavo-convex position is filled and led up with cement mortar, then polished flat, and tiny splits Repaired with polyalcohol cement basis putty in seam, cavity;
2) roller coat priming paint
On metope, roller coat is primed 1-2 time, waits drying;
3) true mineral varnish is sprayed
After the priming paint is dried, the line of ink marker, T-me stricture of vagina paper is drawn on primed surface;True mineral varnish 1-2 time is sprayed again, per all over interval 24 Hour, after spraying is finished, U.S. stricture of vagina paper is torn, clear up jointing;For the true mineral varnish of the spraying, the pressure of spray gun is 0.4Kg/cm2- 0.6Kg/cm2, nozzle diameter are 3cm-10cm, and the vertical dimension between nozzle and metope is 40-50cm;Spray gun operation speed be 1-3m/s;
4) spraying or roller coat overlay coating
Spraying or roller coat overlay coating 1-2 time, for the spraying overlay coating, the pressure of spray gun is 4Kg/cm2-6Kg/cm2, Nozzle diameter is 2cm-3cm, and spray base is 50cm-60cm, and the speed of spray gun operation is 1-5m/s;For the roller coat cover is applied Material, coating weight are 0.15Kg/m2-0.20Kg/m2/ time.
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